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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - May 22, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Aiken County Public Library Sports Bulls Apply Defensive Collar Page 7A A Quick ReadTourist Season Also Means Skunk Season TISBURY, Mass. (AP) - It’s springtime on Martha’s Vineyard and the locals are girding for what’s become an annual influx of arrogant, offensive pests who walk the streets at night and hang out at restaurants. It’s not tourists. It’s skunks. Hordes of the “black cats with white tails” have inhabited the island, taking up residence under houses, and frankly stinking up the place. “They’re really bold and brassy. You can see them on the main streets, you can see diem walking around anywhere,” said Diane Goo-dale, animal control officer for tile Vineyard Haven section of town.12-Year-0lds Map World From Memory CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (AP) - Last September, Jennifer Cohen thought France was a blob on the eastern tip of the Soviet Union. Last week, the 12-year-old could drew a map of the world — from memory. For more than a decade, Shady Hill School teacher David J. Smith has been sending seventh-grade geography whizzes into a society where, according to a recent Gallup Poll, one in seven Americans can’t find the United States on a map of the world. On Jennifer’s map, the sinuous curve of the Americas, the Scandinavian hump, even the six states of Australia were correctly proportioned on a Mercator grid. Now she is filling in countries, cities, mountains, and rivers, even adding tile names of Soviet republics. Weather Thunderstorms Partly cloudy skies are forecast tonight with a 50 percent chance of mainly evening thunderstorms. The low will be in the mid 60s. Partly cloudy skies are forecast Tuesday with a 40 percent chance of thundershowers and a high in the mid 80s. Please see details on Page 5A. Deaths Sally H. Evans, Aiken Mary R. Harsey, Winnsboro Janie B. Hill, Decatur, Ga. Donnie D. Lambert Jr., Aiken Olin E. Murphy, Clearwater Sarah A. Oakman, Ward Cleo M. Patterson, Aiken Henry J. Power, Saluda Gladys Riley, Aiken Lottie C. Roberson, Augusta James B. Summer, Aiken Alma A. Wall, Twin City, Ga T. Bates Watson Jr., Ward Please see details on Page 5A. Inside Today Bridge..............................................5B Calendar...........................................3B Classifieds........................................3B Comics.............................................2B Crossword........................................6B Cryptoquote......................................4B Dear Abby.........................................2B Lewis Gizzard..................................6A Local Front.......................................1B Obituaries.........................................5A Opinions...........................................4A Sports...............................................7A Television.........................................2B Weather.....................  5A Page IB Attorney Examining Severance Pay SUJtftt Standard Monday, May 22, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 122 Waddell Confident About S.C. Budget Bill By The Associated Press COLUMBIA — State lawmakers begin turning their attention today toward a compromise version of the proposed 1989-90 $3.4 billion state budget, and Sen. James Waddell has no illusions about the package he and his colleagues have produced. “I don’t think it’s a perfect bill at all,” Waddell said of the Senate package wrapped up Saturday about 9:30 p.m. after IO days of debate. Senators return today to balance their budget proposal, which is still some $4 million in the black. And the House convenes in expectation of receiving the final product, which was especially generous to education and state employees. Perhaps as early as this afternoon, House and Senate conferees could begin to battle over their competing versions. The final package will then need to receive the approval of both chambers before being submitted to Gov. Carroll Campbell for his review. Waddell, the Beaufort Democrat who chairs the budget-reviewing Senate Finance Committee, predicts differences in at least three main areas. ^ Taxes. The Senate levied a new tax on wine and liquor expected to bring in about $4.2 million annually. In doing so, they eliminated $26 million in tax relief included in the House package. Campbell, who has line-item veto power, has been insistent in his calls for tax relief. ^ Hazardous Waste. The Senate included in the budget a plan to raise burial fees at the GSX hazardous waste landfill near Pinewood by $12 a ton. The bulk of the new money raised would go toward clean up of uncontrolled waste sites and research into waste minimization. Opponents preferred debate wait for a pending Senate bill that included financial disclosure requirements for the site. ^ Supercomputers. The Senate bill includes $2 million for both the University of South Carolina and Clemson University for computer needs while the state studied the necessity of a supercomputer. The House gave no funding toward supercomputers, insisting that a study be done first. Senators spent about $400 million in new money to produce a budget about 8 percent larger than the one passed last year. Almost a third of the budget will go toward education, in part to help fund a followup program to the Education Improvement Act. In addition, state employees will receive an average 3 percent salary increase next fiscal year in addition to a one-time bonus of up to $286 — all at a total cost of about $41 million. Chinese Military Defy Martial Law AP Laserphoto PASSING THE TIME: Beijing University students holding Tiananmen Square pass the time with a lively dance.'Will Never Shoot/ Says Letter To Li By The Associated Press BEIJING — In a stinging blow to Premier Li Peng, more than IOO top military officers signed a letter today opposing his declaration of martial law in Beijing, saying the army “will never shoot the people,” sources said. State-run television also quoted an officer as saying he had been told to withdraw hi ’ troops b«'ca use of widespread popular resistance. In central Tiananmen Square, the roughly 45,000 student protesters the troops had been ordered to disperse savored their latest victory after hundreds of thousands of people again mired troop convoys with roadblocks. For a second night, masses of city residents had stymied the army, jamming major roads with public buses, trucks and garbage cans. Students and citizens defiantly vowed to continue their struggle until Li and senior leader Deng Xiaoping resign. Many people believe Li acted on Deng’s orders. The people’s mobilization was a severe blow to Li, whose declaration of martial law in the capital on Saturday has apparently backfired and strengthened popular support for a 19-day pro-democracy protest in the square. The letter, sent to the People’s Daily newspaper, mouthpiece of the ruling Communist Party, was a further blow. Seven well-known military figures, including former Defense Minister Zhang Aiping and former People’s Liberation Army Chief of Staff Yang Dezhi, wrote the letter, a source at the People’s Daily said. “As old soldiers we have the following demands,’’ the letter said. “The People’s Liberation Army belongs to the people. It cannot confront the people, even more so it cannot suppress the people and it will never shoot the people. ” “To keep the situation from worsening, the army cannot enter the city,” it said. The letter was signed by IOO other officers, said another source. The letter and the inability to remove the students from the square called into question Li’s hold on power and ability to control the army, which has yet to move against the protesters. (Please See CHINESE, Page 10A) Safety Questioned In SRS Revamp By The Associated Press COLUMBIA - U.S. Rep. John Sprott and several environmentalists are criticizing an attempt by Department of Energy Secretary James Watkins to realign management at the Savannah River Site, saying it will jeopardize safety. Some fear the changes could affect the DOE’s watchdog arm, the Environmental, Safety and Health Division. “If what Admiral Watkins has in mind is the reduction of that (oversight) role — a diminution of that role — then I think he needs to explain what he wants to do,” said Sprott, D-S.C., chairman of a special subcommittee examining DOE and its weapons production facilities. Savannah River’s three aging nuclear reactors have been shut down for more than a year due to safety problems. The nuclear weapons material facility near Aiken is the nation’s sole source of triti um, a radioactive gas used to make nuclear weapons. “This effort will form the foundation of a new management concept, with line management accountability and responsibility acting as fundamental principles,” Watkins said in a statement released Friday. The three-page memorandum said the changes were designed to specifically (Please See SRS, Page6A) lublic Oi ublic v opinion Media General - AP Poll Environmental Report Card Who’s not doing enough to keep the environment clean Percentage of those polled who give only fair or poor ratings to the following groups. Federal government State & local government mumm Business Americans Favor Tougher Anti-Pollution Measures Based on a survey of 1.084 adults, conducted May 5-13, had a three-point margin of error. AP By The Associated Press NEW YORK — Americans would accept an array of encroachments on their lives to help clean up the environment, such as a ban on aerosol cans and mandatory refuse recycling, a poll has found. The Media General-Associated Press survey of 1,084 adults found broad perceptions that environmental pollution is on the rise, and that government, businesses and average Americans are not doing enough to combat it. Three-quarters of the respondents said laws against pollution in the United States are too weak, and majorities favored urgent government action, no matter what the cost, to protect the nation’s drinking water. Large majorities also supported strict pollution controls at all major oil facilities and at oil- and coal-burning power plants, even if those measures would raise the price of oil, gasoline and electricity. Environmental concerns were heightened by the nearly ll million gallons of oil spilled by the tanker Exxon Valdez off Alaska in March. But the poll, conducted by telephone May 5-13, found concerns went beyond the issue of oil tanker safety. The highest enviromental priority was toxic waste disposal, in which 63 percent supported urgent action by the government regardless of the expense. Next was the related issue of the pollution of drinking water, with 52 percent favoring urgent action, cost aside. On the issue of household waste, 20 percent said their communities now require them to separate and recycle glass, cans and paper refuse. Of therest, an overwhelming 87 percent said they would support such a requirement. Respondents also favored new steps against air pollution. Seventy-five percent backed a ban on household aerosol products; 60 percent supported a ban on charcoal lighter fluid; and 58 percent favored a ban on non-radial tires, which release more rubber into the air than do radials. (Please See AMERICANS, Page 10A) Wright Claims Rules Changed In Midstream By The Associated Press WASHINGTON - House Speaker Jim Wright’s televised defense against ethics charges this week will be that the rules were changed in mid-stream, but even his own lawyers give him less than an even chance of winning quick dismissal of the case. Wright’s lawyers will argue that the two mast serious sets of charges brought against their client by the House ethics committee should be dismissed because the panel, reacting to a new moral WRIGHT climate, has stretched the rules beyond their original intent. “We are hoping for a clear interpretation that the rules haven’t changed on us,” Wright said. But Wright’s lawyers concede such motions are routinely denied and give the speaker less than even chance of winning a pre-emptive dismissal of the charges. William C. Oldaker, one of Wright’s lawyers, said last week that in a best-case scenario, the odds of succeeding with such a motion would be 50-50; in this case, he conceded that the odds could be something less than that. And a growing number of House Democrats are saying that while the ethics process is important, it may (Please See WRIGHT, Page 6A) ;