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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - February 26, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Clemson Falls To Tar Heels Page 5B Also In Sports... ^ Mike Tyson needed only five rounds to stop challenger Frank Bruno and retain his heavyweight boxing title. Please see story on Page 1B. ✓ USC broke a 10-game losing streak against Louisville with a 77-73 triumph Saturday against the No. 8 Cardinals. Please see story on Page 1B. A Quick Read Accused Shoplifters Used Youths In Scam NORTH ADAMS, Mass. (AP) — A shoplifting scheme broken by police allegedly used teen-agers and mentally retarded people to return stolen merchandise for cash refunds in stores throughout the region, authorities said Saturday. At least five people were involved in the operation that allegedly netted thousands of dollars in hardware, appliances and clothing in stores from Bennington, Vt., to Pittsfield, Mass., police said. Tile youths and retarded people were used to protect the ringleaders from exposure, said Detective Robert J. Canale. Young people, usually between 13 and 15, and the mentally retarded were less likely to refuse to participate, he said. It was possible, he added, that the retarded people might receive less scrutiny at the return counters of stores. “They would give them a small gratuity for doing it for them,” Canale said. “They would steal it out of the store, come right out into the parking lot and have someone else go right in and return it. We had $2,000 to $3,000 stolen in one day in North Adams.” So far two people have been arrested and charged. Both pleaded innocent. The stolen goods ranged from video cassette recorders to chain saws to electric blankets. Weather Partly Cloudy Today will be partly cloudy with a high in the mid-50s. Tonight will be cloudy with a low near 40. Monday will be partly cloudy and mild with a high in the mid-60s and a low near 50. Please see details on Page 7A. Deaths Emma Burch, Aiken Lizzie Carter, Augusta A. Chester Cato, Batesburg Albert K. Dean, Graniteville Robert A. Grooms, Harlem, Ga. Sarah Harris, Edgefield Margaret Merz, Aiken Jesse Evert Poston, Belvedere Marion S. Rodgers, Saluda George Walker, Aiken Hazel Harrison Williams, Aiken Please see details on Page 6A. Inside Today Bridge  .........  5D Calendar.,.,  .......„............4C Classifieds........................................3D Crossword........................................6D Cryptoquote......................................4D Dear Abby.........................................8C Local Front.....................................10A Obituaries........................................ 6A Opinions...........................................ID Sports  ..........................................1B Weather............................................7A Weddings.........................................7C AIKEN COUNTY PUFIIC L’BPARY 435 NEWSCH'tY S. W. Page 2A ittfrN s. it ■ /-jaw Interest Rate Hike Won't Affect S.I Page 10A SU ken Sunday, February 26, 1989 SOC Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 49 Metal Fatigue Cause Of Tragedy By GARY WASHBURN HONOLULU — A team of federal safety investigators fanned out Saturday seeking to discover what caused the fatal rupture in the fuselage of a United Airlines jumbo jet, through which nine passengers were sucked to their deaths. At the same time, U.S. Navy and Coast Guard ships searched 3,000 square miles of ocean for debris from the Boeing 747. Aviation experts said the most likely cause of the tragedy early Friday was metal fatigue. But three FBI bomb experts from Washington were sent to join the investigation. Investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board said they were beginning their probe with an open mind. “In any accident investigation, we leave all doors open,” said Lee Dickinson, a safety board member heading the inquiry. “Our job is to collect thorough, complete and accurate information.” Sixteen members of a safety board accident “go team,” 15 from the agency’s Washington headquarters and one from its Los Angeles office, are conducting the probe. They are aided by experts from Boeing, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Air Line Pilots Association, the Association of Flight Attendants, United, and Pratt & Whitney, the manufacturer of the jet’s four engines. Investigators may make some preliminary findings, but it will take 9 to 12 months to determine the cause of the incident, Dickinson said. The Coast Guard said Saturday afternoon that a Navy helicopter had spotted what appeared to be an overhead compartment and some personal belongings, and a Coast Guard cutter was en route to retrieve those objects. Six Americans, two Australians and a New Zealander aboard Flight 811, headed to New Zealand, were killed when they were sucked through a 40-by-10-foot hole that opened in the fuselage as the plane (See METAL, Page 13A) CHANGES IN AIKEN: Aiken underwent a transition from an agricultural community to a center for equestrian Staff Illustration By Sharon L. McLaughlin sports before coming into the forefront of the nuclear age with the building of the Savannah River Plant. Aiken's Evolution Decision To Build SRP Was A Quantum Leap' For Area EDITOR’S NOTE: This is the first in a series of articles on the impact of the Savannah River Plant on Aiken County. Today's topic is the evolution of the county. By CARL LANGLEY Staff Writer In the words of one admiring writer, “mild days of blue and gold wrapped the hills” around Aiken a century ago when wealthy northerners found the county an ideal place to escape the bite of New England’s winters. Harry Worcester Smith, the author of Life And Sport In Aiken and a confidant of society’s upper crust, was peering through a prism focused mainly on fun and games when he visited here to write about his wealthy friends. Through a migration that started in the 1880s and changed the face of the county forever, the people Smith wrote about came seeking comfort from the cold and a chance to get outdoors, preferably atop horses or in carriages, in Aiken’s mild winters. Their baggage included not only a lot of money, but an entirely different culture. In winter, long trains rolled down weekly from the north, loaded with these well-heeled visitors with a taste for fancy dress, fancy furniture and fancy cuisine. Besides families, friends and servants, the Pullmans and their trailing freights packed with tack and strings of horses discharged something else — an unyielding affection for equestrian sports. This love for riding, steeplechase racing, polo and fox hunting fitted neatly into Aiken’s woodlands, open fields, dirt streets and quiet, pleasant neighborhoods. Instant harmony was struck and the little town became a favored place, where a leisurely quest for pleasure was a way of life. Before the arrival of the Yankees, the county had been like most others in South Carolina — a rural outback except for a pre-Civil War textile business started at Graniteville by one-time jeweler William Gregg. The county was made up of 17 townships with names like Giddy Swamp, McTier, Chinquapin, Rocky Grove and Sleepy Hollow. Of these, the best known was Aiken, the seat of government, the main “turnout” for the railroad and center of an economy built around cotton and other farm products. A ledger containing the county’s 1882 tax digest, rescued from a pile of old records headed for a trash dump, shows the total assessment for all the townships’ taxable property, even with Gregg’s textile village, amounted to slightly more than $2.1 million. Now, a small commercial tract can fetch a sum that would swallow the figures in the time-yellowed digest. Smith’s recollection of hills wrapped in blue and gold was a lavish bit of word painting, but the community’s distinction needed little embellishment after the Yankees found the place. With the exceptions of Palm Beach, Pinehurst and a few (See AIKEN’S, Page 13A) Bush Vows To Lobby For Tower By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — John Tower is going public with his campaign to become defense secretary as President Bush vows to go face-to-face with wavering senators in an effort to win enough Democratic support to get Tower confirmed. . Tower was booked onto a Sunday morning network television interview show and is planning a speech, probably Tuesday, at the National Press Qub. Bush, meanwhile, told reporters in Tokyo on Saturday that he will meet individually with IO or more Democratic senators after he returns to the White House Monday from a four-day Asian trip. “I’ll do it personally and I’ll do it as forcefully as I can,” the president said. “I will encourage people to look at the facts.” Some Tower opponents have said perceptions that he is a drinker and womanizer and may have conflict of interest problems are valid reasons to vote against him even if there is no proof of such things. “That’s not fair enough and that’s not high enough a standard when it comes to the confirmation of an important nominee of this nature,” said Bush. “So I have made some calls and I will be talking to whoever remains open minded.” Among the Democrats who said Friday they have not decided how to vote when the Tower nomination reaches the Senate floor was Lloyd Bentsen, a veteran of many close political encounters with both Bush and Tower in years of Texas politics, and Howell Heflin of Alabama. The decision to assign a high-profile role to Tower and have the president exert the power of private Oval Office meetings is part of a battle plan worked out with Senate Republican leaders in an effort to salvage the nomination or, at least, save face for a GOP president on (See BUSH, Page 14A) President Receives Warm China Welcome By The Associated Press BEIJING — President Bush returned Saturday to an old-friend’s welcome in the city where he once worked as U.S. envoy and told China’s Communist leaders “we owe it to mankind to work together.” Relishing a visit that mixed sentiment with statecraft, Bush also mingled with people at a downtown landmark, delivered a “thank you” in Chinese and presented Premier Li Peng with a pair of black leather boots from Texas. Bush, here for a two-day working visit, and Chinese President Yang Shangkun toasted each other at the banquet in the Great Hall of the People with vows to strengthen relations, while both hinted at issues that remain sources of friction. Bush made veiled references to human rights concerns and weapons proliferation while Yang cautioned that “twists and turns and relapses may occur in the process of relaxation.” But Yang told Bush that his visit, coming so soon after his inauguration, was a “big event” in U.S.-Chinese relations. “The Chinese leaders attach great importance to your current visit.... The Chinese people know you well, and so do you know them,” Yang said. Bush returned the praise, claiming “the world as a whole is watching the larger movement of our two great nations as we build even firmer bonds across the vast ocean that joins us.” Bush on Sunday was to meet with senior Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping and with Cambodian re-sistence leader Prince Norodom Sihanouk. He also planned a series of meetings with other high-level Chinese officials. The president was expected to discuss a variety of issues during his Beijing stop, including arms (See PRESIDENT, Page 14A) Talented Cast BELTING IT OUT: Anita Tatum and Jan Blackwell sing “Strong Enough to Bend” in the Aiken Women’s Heart Show. The show has its final performance today at 3 p.m. Please see story on Page 10A. V    ii    -I ;