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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - September 30, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIN DAILY Warmer Weather Detail on Face Two SEPTEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 TO FLYING INCITY Little Reports 6 or 7 Tons Already Collected During Advance Pickup CITY TRUCKS AVAILABLE The scrap drive undertaken by Adrian school children was off to a flying start today according to George superintendent of schools and a member of the sal vage Although the Adrian drive wasnt to begin until Thursday about six or seven tons of metal al ready has been collected by school trucks and WPA Telephone calls to civilian defense head telling of scrap that was available completely swamped the truck facilities yesterday and ar rangements were made to use city trucks for the collection when they are not engaged in city Im not sure that we can handle the even with the city Little said and if any Adrian truck owners will do nate their trucks for collecting work the offer certainly will be Persons with trucks available are requested to call the civilian defense House to House Canvass School children expect to canvass every house in the city to ask if scrap metal is A head start was possible today for some school group ready to do a bit of manual William Westfall of 314 Comstock Street reported that he had two or three tons of metal available in his basement but that some of it would have to be dis mantled before it could be The Westfall cache is just a tip to some of the junior high school stud ents who will compete on a team basis in the In the meantime Adrian resi dents with large piles of piles too big for students to carry to are requested to tele phone the civilian defense office with their Students also to report sizeable amounts of metal to teachers and the teachers in turn will make arrangements for Turn to Page 6 Civilian Defense Director Says Time Has Come for People to Be Stern total war in a passive manner is a most certain way to lose CoL Harold state civilian defense told a combined audience of Ex Rotary and Kiwanis club members at the Masonic Temple last The fact that the United States has never lost a war is no assurance that we could not lose this he In total war every single man and woman of the nation has a part to Furlong and there can be no assurance that Americans at home are doing all they can until they are willing to make the same sacrifices as those they expect of the men in Find a job in civilian he and stick to Remember that Americans in the months ahead are not to be judged by the size of their automobiles but by how they share rides with fellow They are not to be judged by the kind of food they buy but by how they save The time has come when the people have to forgo easy and luxurious ways and reveal the stern stuff or which they are really Turn to Page 6 Telegram to Give Flags as Prizes In Scrap Drive The collection of scrap metal starting tomorrow on Lenawee county farms calls for a lot of ex tra effort on the part of the truck crews of the Lenawee County Road The commissions trucks are to stop at every farm in the county to pick up any old metal that is The thorough ness with which the crews perform their assignment will go a long way toward making the collection the success it should To stimulate friendly competi tion The Telegram is offering American flags as prizes to the drivers nad helpers on the A flag will be presented to the driv er and one to the helper of the truck that brings in the largest tonnage of metal during the Also a flag will be presented to the driver and to the helper of the truck that calls at the largest num ber of farms during the BULLETINS 30 The Senate voted today to strip from the Administrations anti inflation legislation a provision changing farm parity inserting instead a compromise amendment directing the lifting of farm price ceilings where they did not reflect labor and other cost in creases since Sept SO House of Commons voted 215 to 9 today to extend its own life for another year without a general AIR FORCE AIDS SCRAP DRIVE Threatens to Disrupt Plans for Remodeling of AntiIn flation Legislation HAVEFIVEVOTE MARGIN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 30 arm bloc move to insert cost of production factors into the calcula ion of agricultural price ceilings hreatened today to disrupt the Senate leaderships plans for speedy remodeling of antiinflation legls ation into a form acceptable to resident Triumphant yesterday by a five vote margin in a fight to revise arm parity standards the bloc launched a strong infiltrating HOW THEY VOTED 30 3oth Senators Repub and vot ed against the ThomasHatch amendment to the antiinflation bill which the Senate adopted last 48 to An Army air force wrecking crew from Selfridgt Field hauled pounds of war relics from the heart of Mt Clemens and started them rolling toward war production Two Civil War cannons each weighing a French 75 field 18 105pound cannon balls were Reporter Describes Bitter Battles on Guadalcanal Editors note The Navy Department announced at Washington Septem ber that the Japanese were making a large scale effort to recapture Guadalcanal and other islands of the Solomon group taken from them by United States Marines in early August The which said details were reported that heavy fighting had been in progress by sea and air since the previous Saturday night The next a second communique announced the intensity of the fighting on Guadalcanal has decreased and the marines are still holding their The Japanese had been repulsed and with Tom Press war correspondent who has seen service in with the Pacific fleet and in the southwest Pacific since war was on the ground at Guadalcanal when the enemy made its big His eyewitness delay ed two vividly amplifies the navys official report of the threeday By TOM TARBHOCGH AT SEA Off The Solomon Is Sept Marines have just finished beating off a powerful Japanese offensive aimed at the Guadalcanal Island very heart and soul of power in the entire Solomon Islands Turn to Page 9 GESTAPO Sept 30 Reut ers dispatch datelined from the German frontier said today that Alois high ranking Ges tapo was reported from Prague to have been killed there while fighting the enemies of the Reich in the REPORTS MASSACRED Sept 30 Soviet radio said today a letter received in Moscow reported that Rumanian troops had massacred Russians in Axis occupied Black Sea port The victims were declared locked in barracks and blown The radio said the troops then poured oil on the wreckage arid burned the Scrap Scraps By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Mil waukee Journal is putting the finger on a lot of steel and iron items it believes should join the scrap The newspaper is running a series of pictures of metal not taken in the drive and suggesting it be picked up shots of an old police radio tower a movie house sign an abandoned warehouse with steel platform supports fire escapes on condemned buildings and old signs no longer NEW YORK Gertrude 46yearold has been going around for two pulling a boys collecting scrap which included everything from steel pipes to metal I came here 31 years ago to find a free she And Im willing to give everything away to keep this country local radio station weighingrseven tons to the heap They were used ras emer gency antennae but the stations said the national steel emergency was more important than any possible radio NEW Philharmonic Society of New York rummaged in its old store rooms for came up with pounds of antiquated musical instruments and musical most of them made in NEW Santa Claus is going to town in the scrap More than 200 toy busy on Christmas are finding time to collect hope to gather several hundred tons of The WPA went on a 24hour shift to speed scrap salvage of steel rails from Jacksonvilles abandoned street railway The crew already has been ripping up about 70 tons of scrap steel The 120 children who collect the most scrap in each of the three weeks preceding the Jacksonville Naval Air Station football games on the home field will be admitted will be taken on an inspection tour of the big navy a privilege denied most Veter ans hospital will contribute plenty of artillery to the scrap sending to the mills 22 tons of cannon used in various War Liabilities Adjustment Board For PostWar Business Survival Recommended By WPB Chief Sept 30 Creation of a War Liabilities Ad justment Board to assure full ultlli zation now of the productive facil ities of small concerns and to pro vide a basis of postwar business survival was recommended to Con gress today by Chairman Donald Nelson of the War Production The objectives of the Nel son told the Senate Small Business would be to help small firms which have been unable to convert to war production to ad just liabilities provide post war technical assistance and mechanism for obtaining prior Emphasizing he was not present ing a drafted but a re commendation for committee de Nelson said such an agency should coordinate its ef forts with those of the WPB and the Manpower He declared that civilian pro duction must be cut to the bone and added Before the war is we shall need to use in some way for es sential purposes all the manage ment ability we all the man power we have and all the mater ials we Nelson said under the WPB pro gram war work be sent to existing plants inmost but in others it would be necessary to move machinery as well as men to other since no useful equip ment could be allowed to lie We I begin setting up underauthority of the War Production Board an agency to buy and hold until needed machinery and equipment in the same way that we are now buying inventories of raw he Nelson expressed the belief that the Manpower Commission would institute a more intensive gram for recruiting the proprietors and workers of small business enterprises who can not employed m their present He said it mightprove desirable to use some of the plants train ing centers for practical production and AUCTIONS Auction southeast ol Al Linehan See on Market Large furniture auction at Fred auction See on Market To Be Sold Only on Certificate After October 5 30 Stocks of rubber boots and rubber work shoes were frozen today by the war production board until Oct 5 when they will be sold on certi ficate only to workers essential to the war or to public health and Announcing the order WPB explained that ordinary rub gaiters and womens and childrens rubber mostly made from reclaimed will not be rationed at this The the governments first affecting rationing of re sulted from a mounting demanc from industrial and agricultural workers for six types of rubber boots and rubber shoes re quiring a high content of crude ghese types were befeboots kiieeHbbpts heavy short rubber weight short rubber boots rubber pacsand bootees 10 inches or more in and rubber bootees and work shoes less than 10 inches in The order said that applications for certificates may be obtained from local rationing The Lenawee and Rationing Board said todaj that all dealers liri rubber footwear affecting by the freeze order musl obtain two official inventory forms from the Friday or Dealers must take an inventory of their stock as of mid night inventory forms may be filed with the ration ing board any from Monday until the deadline Octo ber The board advised dealers to file them at as they wil not be permittedto make sales un til they have filed their forms anc have received their serial numbers About ten minutes will be required obtain the the board The end of the freeze period will be October when ra tioning Workers and pur chasing agents who need rubber footwear will obtain two applica tion forms fromthe rationing Before obtaining permis sion to buy rubber the applicant will be required to show that his work is essential to the war specify the type of foot prove his identity and prove that no rubber footwear in his possession that is suitable for He will also be required to turn in his wornou boots when he gets a new E 30 defeated for the Re publican nomination for Uhitec States announced today he would enter the race as sticker candidate against Repub lican Judge Homer Ferguson and the Democratic incumbent Pren tiss In a statement of his intention chairman the Commit tee of said he would run as an independentRepublican be cause a flood of letters from my people within the two days convinces me that both candidates nominated by the two old parties are unsatisfactory to the common The statement assailed rRepubli can State Chairman John Deth mersi who refused Smiths request to address the partys vention Smith said Dethmers behaves like a wildfire Deal I still Smith that the automobile is our biggest immediate pressing belief that we can solve the tire problem if we can take it out of the hands of the boon dogglers the 2 Nazi Divisions Routed In Attacks On Flanks By Weary Russian Troops attack today on a proposed com jromise offered by Democratic Leader Barkley of Before Barkleys proposal could acted Senator Hatch D sought to amend it to provide that the farmerss cost of produc ing his crops must be taken into ac count before price ceilings could be placed over No one seemed to know exactly how much this would raise the ceil ing but administration lieu tenants battled against the move on the theory that it would wreck the overall directive to President Roosevelt to stabilize wages and salaries at Sept 15 so far as Barkley had proposed a compro mise amendment drafted by Sen ators Reed Tydings D MD and OMahoney which would direct the President to raise farm price ceilings in any cases where they did not reflect in creased labor and other costs to Offered as Substitute He had hoped to offer it in a par liamentary form requiring that it be voted on without as a substitute for the farm bloc pro posal which the Senate adoptee temporarily yesterday to alter the present basis of computing parity prices to include farm labor costs Parity is a price at which the re lationship of farmers returns By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MacARTHURS Sept I Allied mountain sifting through the difficult jungle and mountain country of the Owen Stanley have captured the first objective of their New Guinea sent the Japanese into a hurried northward retreat and eized quantities of abandoned Jap anese a communique aid Consolidating their positions in loribaiwa which was retak from the the allied roops are pursuing the Japanese oward ten miles north of he where the Japanese have established new defense With the conquest of loribaiwa which the Japanese had pre pared for defense with barricades and field the allies have successfully started the difficult and perilous task of driving the enemy back over the 88mile trail o Buna along which he advanced to threaten the allied advance base at Port Our advance Gen p they other Under terms of price ceilings could not befixedbelow x Turnto 2 Details of Findings to Be Made Public Soon Sept 30 A quiet investigation into the quality of Americanbuilt army aircraft was reported authoritative ly today to have left a House mill tary subcommittee well satisfied with both the performance anc protection of the planes Details of the committees find based upon and com bat examples submittedby high army air force officials in exe cutive will be made public in a week or two in answer to charges that the army aircraft are One member of the committee declining use of his declarec that the army ships are while Brooks also on the committee asserted flatly that weve got some of the best planes in the while making it clear that he wasspeaking only for him said actual combat reports showed that the ratio of plane loss stood heavily in favor of army ships and that wa satisfied with their He described the army bomber as without an equal for the long range type of daylight raiding for which it was and declar ed that other types of army ships while possibly excelled in one f ea ture or stacked up wel against the planes of other coun the House appropria tions committee studied Presiden Roosevelts request for an ad ditional to provide thousands of new planes for the with the likelihood the mea sure would reach the floor nex The new which woul boost the current fiscal years tota for the navy to approximately was sent in to sup plementthe vast carrier construe tion program already DIE IN BOMBING Sept 30 boys and two teachers includini Miss Charlotte 27year old were known dead and rescue workers toiled on today in the belief others might bi buried in the debris of a boys school in southern England whicl was wrecked yesterday by a heavy German The blast injured 34 Thi victims were among about 70 stu dents doing arithmetic and com position work in the wood and brick building when the plane at Allies Take First Objective In New Guinea Offensive eral MacArthurs communique It was expected that strong re sistance would be encountered near Nauro village and the creek at the Tells German People They Fight an Idiotic Enemy From German Broad 30 told his people today that we believe that we shall continue to defeat our enemies until final victory is He assured the German nation that Stalingrad was bound to fall Hitlers his customary winter relief campaign speech to the Nazi was made in the packed sportspalast and broke fivemonths iase of the next mountain ridge north of The fact that the Japanese abandoned many a mili ary spokesman could not be aken as an indication they were in out Attacked From Flanks Flank attacks by Australian roops presumably forced the Jap anese to leave precipitately with iut a chance of wrestling equipr ment and supplies over the diffi cult he Allied bombers pursued the re re a ting Japanese ounding their rear positions at four miles north of At the same time heavy bombers moved down the trail to Buna and destroyed six barges used to trans port supplies down the coast Other enemy installations on the beach and airdrome also were Another allied air unit struck at large Japanese base up he New Guinea coast from bombing the airfield and dispersal Results of the attack could not be the The exact distance covered in the allied land advance could not be determined because of the rugged The recaptured ridge is approximately 32 air miles from ort Moresby and 55 miles by The village of as well as the was The Japanese radio broadcast a report last night that Japanese naval units had made landings in he Aru and Babar islands between Australia and New For some time it has been con ceded that the key points in these shmds were in Japanese hands and allied communiques have mentioned attacks on Japanese shipping around the islands of Tanimbar and ere in the huge sports arena to hear Gestapo Chief Heinrich Eield Marshal Wilhelm chief ofthe High and Propa gandaMinister who pre faced Hitlers own winter relief appeal with a plea for faced the crowd alongside their Long cheers Hitlers i rival at just eleven minutesbefore he started The cheers turned to laughter when who denied any rifts within ranks or deaths of Nazi leaders turned to Hitler and remarked on his joy al seeing the Fuehrer so hale and Turn to Page 9 LEE SAYS JAPS PREFER DEATH TO Told They Face Torture and Death If Captured By Americans By CLARK LEE Editors Note Clark Lee has had an adventurous life in covering the Pacific war and his stories have won him wide notice and The In fantry Journal praised his stories from Bataan as the best this war has He has seen the Japanese soldier in in the Philippines and in the and here he appraises the qualities of that unique fighting SAN Sept is difficult to generalize about the fighting qualities of Japans sol Many of them are imbued with a fanaticismthat makes themfigh on even when theres no hope o Japanese seldom sur Turn to Page 9 FACTlWHERS Reardon Piersol of Ann Arbor district chairman of war bond sales was in Adrian today to urge fac tory workers to participate in the ten per centpay deduction plan for buying war savings Piersol accompanied by Charles Robert Lenawee visited the Magnesium Fabricators and Bonn Brass Aluminum plants this morning and was scheduled to talk at the GerityAdrian and American Chain Cable plants this after His talks were arranged S that he could meet as many work ers as possible on two If pos sible arrangements were to be made for him speak at other Adrian TRAVEL ON HIGHWAYS UPT Seek Means to Put Teeth in 35 Order Sept 30 officials today sought means to put teeth in Governor Van Wagoners state of emergency proclamation forbidding automobiles to travel faster than 35 miles an ef fective Byron the governors legal that whatever is done to enforce it mayprove to be only makeshift until the advent of gasoline ration ing in he would provide the strongest anc most workable weapon for en since it would be a staple matter to suspend or re voke gas rationing booklets of Ballard is to complete today a study of the governors emergency police while attorneys for the state highway department de termine whether there is some way to draft a speed limit order which would meet the objections of At torney General Herbert Rush Rushton already has held the state law allows the highway de partment and state police to im pose speed control only in specific and that the statute per mits these zones in interests of safety but not for tire conservation Oscar Olander state police said un less he received orders to the con he would undertake to en force the proclamation by instruct ing his troopers to halt speeders and appeal to their patriotism but to make no IN DEVASTATED CITY Rumanians Beaten Back in Battle for Caucasian Black Sea Coast By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS weary garrison battled off German tanks and motorized infantry in their 37th day of siege and while fresh hundreds fell within the ruined it was announced that two Nazi divsions had been routed by relief attacks against the inva sion A hardened defense and counter attacks took their toll of Adolf Hit lers forces from Leningrad to Field reports declared the Red Armys revived Kalinin front of bolstered by bombing of several German air had smashed through defenses north west of Rzhev which the invaders called the line of the In addition to the rout of two German divisions in the DonVolga corridor fighting northwest of Stal the Russians said a third enemy 12th Rumanian mountain been bat tered back by Red marines in the battle for the Caucasian Black Sea coast below Enemy Repulsed Repulse of enemy attacks was noted in the Mozdok A Red Star dispatch said the im mediate objective of the Germans attacking Stalingrad is control of a northwest industrial but de clared they had been repulsed after wedging into a workers settlement Conditions in the city remain the army newspaper The Germans have big but the attacks do not lessen and vio lence The press published photographs of The views resemb led a battered and burned section of the city of London after the big fire The writer form erly was stationed Corners of buildings stood in the air like charred Soviet information bureau com muniques told of the death of more than Germans in vain efforts to widen the northwestern pene tration A defense mor tar detachment was said to have wiped out 800 Red artillery men were credited with the de struction of 71 German trucks and several Eockets Ught Sky Red Star said that German rockets looped through the night sky and floated down by para chutes to light areas in the north western The Germans there fear the suspecting sudden Red army the newspaper Dry grass of the Steppes was The Russians were reported to have overcome German bomber at tacks in this although how was not Revising as sault the Germans are moving up their tommygunners armored Turn to Page 2 KNOX IN BRAZIL RIO DE 30 W Knox of the United States Navy was in Brazil today for the announced purpose of co ordinating the allied offensive against Axis war fare which he said was showing encouraging Despite the reported indications of Knox warned at a press conference that we are fighting a treacherous enemy who apppears in flocks and has an uncanny knack at picking spots of least Says Allied Losses at Dieppe Were Half of Troops Involved 30 i Minister Churchill told the House of Commons today that the Allied losses at Dieppe were Very nearly half the total of the troops in Churchill said that British tanks were held up by the altogether unexpected strength of defense blocks placed at the ends of Diep pes streets by the It had not been he that the barriers could not be destroyed by British Making a statement in response to said the military force commander at Dieppe had described the support given by the RAF for the opera tions there as The RAF fought the greatest air battle of all time over the coastal destroying nearly 100 German planes for certain and possibly bringing down many Churchill James Henderson Stewart asked the Prime Minister to reconcile his announcement of Sept 8 that most of the Dieppe force returned and the official Canadian state ment that of Canadians par ticipating there were casual including killed or miss In my statementof Sept Churchill I was refer ring to the assaulting forces as a the greater part of whom in brought back by the Royal There is no inconsistency in this with the statement of the Cana dian minister of national defense who was referring only to casual ties among Canadian troops who took part He declined to give the Germans the benefit of precise figures but said that the losses were very heavy and went up to nearly half In his earlier reference to the assaulting Churchill forces as presumably included naval forces as well as all land forces besides the Canadians the storming of the Dieppe Noting that the tanks which at tacked at Dieppe were Church a British type named for the Prime Minister declared in response to Laborite Emanuel Shinwell that they showed no lack of distinction but were being tested constantly for improve The heaviest and new est tank which the have announced having in mounts a sixpounder ;