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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - September 15, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY SEPTEMBER 1942 Continued Warm Weaher Detail on Pate Two PRICE 3 Your Scrap Metal Needed For Slap At Axis Powers Farmers Asked to Collect Metal In Convenient Piles Have you any old iron around your place that you would like to throw at Hitler or Hirohito You have Then collect it Your old iron is Its badly needed by Americas steel Your government through the War Production Board and Americas newspapers is asking that all the scrap metal possible be collected and started on its way to the mills before snow That means getting it into piles Every householder is being asked to go through his his base ment and his garage to gather all the old metal that he can Especially are Americas farmers being asked to collect the old iron and steel in their farm It has to be collected now and gotten to the salvage A few weeks from now may be too The ground might be frozen then and the iron frozen But if it is collected now it can be broken down into easily handled pieces and shipped to the steel mills as Therefore the admoni tion is Get in the and get it in The county salvage headed by Richard knows that it is most urgent to get the metal moving from the farms now and also that much more old iron accumulates around a farm than at a house in So the commit tee is directing its appeal right now to the for the farms are the big source of scrap But the committee also knows that while it may not be a very hard task for the farmer to get his old iron into a trans porting it to a salvage depot is another For that reason it is simply asking Lenawee farmers to get the old metal into piles to their farm Transportation will be Koad Trucks to Haul It The Venawee County Road Com mission is going to supply the It is footing that bill as a patriotic All the farmers have to do is to get the iron into the road commissions trucks and drivers will do the rest That is going to cost the road commission a tidy sum and a lot of but the road commission considers money spent toward winning the war as money well spent So does everybody In order to do the hauling the road commission has to know in advance what farmers have old metal available and how much they Given those facts it will work out routes so the trucks will travel the shortest The Telegram has volunteered to get that A coupon at the bottom of this column properly filled will give the salvage committee all the information that it The committee asks that the farmers fill out the coupons at once and turn them over to their township supervisors or mail them to Goff at the Lenawee Ab stract 118 West Maple Ave opposite the court The committee asked that the coupons be turned over by farmers to their township if so that the supervisors would be generally acquainted with all the facts of the drive and be able to direct drivers to the farms where The collection plan was worked out yesterday afternoon by the committee which hi addition to Goff includes Jacob chair man of the county board of super visors Lewis county agricultural agent Ellis chairman of the county committee of the Agricultural Adjustment and Fred Shoe Stacy Stone and George county road commission Turn to Page 7 Speed Sought On Inflation Legislation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept ing swiftly but in somewhat differ ent the two Houses of Congress set out today to President Roosevelt the living controls he demanded by Oct A series of committee hearings this week will determine whether the tangent between Senate and House proposals is to widen or nar On the Senate the banking committee called today for the views of federal labor and agriculture officials on a broad re solution authorizing and directing the President to stabilize salaries and other factors affecting the cost of In the Chairman Stea gall DAla arranged for hear ings to start tomorrow before the banking committee on a bill which not only would direct the Presi dent to stabilize wages and salar ies and erect a ceiling over farm crop but would direct him to place a floor below the prices as The House offered by Stea gall after conferences with Senate farm bloc would peg farm prices through crop loans and purchases at parity until three years after the an arbitrary price intend ed to give farmers a purchasing power equal to that of a past per usually also was the minimum at which the Senate measure aimed for the Turn to Page 2 BALLOTS CAST Primary Noon Count 2 Years Ago Was 841 Adrian voters were staying away from the polls in today ac cording to a count taken at 1 oclock which revealed that only 558 persons had cast their primary election ballot In the noon count at the primary election showed only 841 ballots cast and that figure was interpreted as proof that the public had no interest hi the issues at This years 558 morning vot ers interest in the outcome of the current election to be at its lowest ebb hi the last several The noon count during the 1938 primary election showed that persons had cast their ballots while in 1936 the total was The 558 ballots cast this morning represent less than eight per cent of the eligible voters in the In all of the citys 12 voting plac the reports were the The voting was so light that inspectors on duty had little to Slightly heavier voting is expected later this afternoon but the turnout still is likely to be one of the lightest hi recent voting The polls opened at 7 oclock this morning and were to close at Voters in the fifth precinct were casting their ballots at a new vot ing Instead of going to the wooden voting booth on Greenly Street as they have for the last several their votes were be ing cast at the Cooper Motor building on West Maumee Street Turn to Page 7 WAR THIRST Sept 15 war has produced quite a thirst in Northern the state liquor control commission revealed today as it requested the civil service de partment to certify 12 additional liquor store employes at Sault Alpena and Traverse Berton commission said sales at Sault Marie last month totaled bottles of compared with hi the same month a year NEWSMEN SEIZED From Italian Broad Sept 15 Rome radio broadcast an official an nouncement today that an Ameri can name not among the prisoners taken in the British commando raid on Tobruk Sunday night Lenawee County Scrap Metal Drive Name pounds of metal Mail or hand this coupon to your township supervisor or to Richard county salvage 118 West Maple SAYS HAS BALANCE Lee Describes Air of Tenseness BF STRIKING POWER O Ship On Eve of Battle Admiral Thinks We Can Hold Against Anything Japs Throw Against Us SAYS OFFENSIVE NEEDED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept Admiral just back from a inspection declared today that United States forces presently hold the balance of striking power in the Western navy ordnance chief who talked with reporters at Secretary Knoxs press declared he was not bold enough to make any forecasts of future Pacific situation but that for the time most the United States held the balance of military and naval striking power there over Blandy had been asked are we in position to hold the Japs against anything they might throw he I thinkwe But we cant do it by merely Weve got to keep push The best defense is a strong We cant remain Discussing his finding on ord nance Blandy said that with a few minor exceptions the material his bureau was furnishing the fighting navy was being ade quately delivered and performing He mentioned the performances of antiaircraft guns on fiveinch dual purpose gun which Knox and Blandy described as the best heavy naval antiaircraft gun in the world the standard 20mm light weapon and a 40mm Bofors which Blandy said was now in good production for new with some surplus for arming older ves Blandy said that he had no illus ions about the value of antiaircraft that in effect they were a ships third line of the first two being destruction of the enemys bases and destruction of enemy planes by fighter planes in the Blandy there has been a vast improvement in ships antiaircraft equipment dur ing the past 15 sea borne British army supported oy light naval units and heavy RAF was re ported by the admiralty today to have struck a damaging blow Sun day night at Field Mar shal Rommels key supply While this raid was executed against the rubblelittered Libyan port 75 miles west of the Egyptian another light naval force successfully bombarded enemy lines of communication in the El Daba area about miles behind the Axis front across the Egyptian desert the admiralty British losses were conceded in the withdrawal from but the action against El Daba was declared to have been concluded without damage or Our force landed in the face of strong opposition and inflicted cas damage on the enemy before the admiralty The withdrawal was not carried out without in view of the strength of the de were to be The admiralty made no comment upon Italian communiques of yes terday and today claiming three British a cruiser and several patrol boats were sunk during and after the operation and four other ships A Cairo inferentially discounted todays Italian communique claiming that bombing and torpedo in pursuing the sank the cruiser and damaged the four The Cairo announcement said longrange British fighters forced these large formations of enemy bombers to jettison their Italians Claim 576 British Seized In Raid on Tobruk ROME From Italian Broad Sept 15 Italian high command said today that three British one cruis er and several patrol boats were sunk and 576 British officers and men were captured in the British raid on Tobruk Sunday night Four other British ships were heavily the Italians said in the secondday communique after the Within five the com munique all the British forces were annihilated or cap Tanks landed by the British were said to have been Three destroyers and several patrol boats were sunk by our de it The Italians said the landing attempt supported by parachute was successfully liquidated and in five hours we Italians were masters of the DIEPPE CASUALTIES Sept 15 ian casualties In the Allied raid on Dieppe last month totalled wounded and the Department of National Defense announced A 134page cas list Editors Note This is anothi er page from the diary of Clark Associated Press war cor respondent in the writ ten aboard an aircraft carrier before the initial successful American attack on the Solo mon Although several weeks have elapsed since it was Lees picture of the bat tle preparations still makes fas cinating a number of later pages from his diary were released before this one and have already been pub This fills in of the apparent gaps hi his By CLAItK LEE ABOARD A United States Air craft Carrier in the Coral Sea En route to the Solomon 6 Delayed are going in to battle the United States launches its first offense of the Pacific The date of seventh of the exactly eight months after Japans assault on Pearl The seventh is the date when things seem to happen in the whether by coinci dence or by The first sev enth was July when the Marco Polo bridge incident touch ed off the Japanese attack on The decisive breakthrough on Bataan was April 7 of this The Midway battle ended June Since this morning there has been a sudden change in the at mosphere as if the ship it the planes and all the person nel were tensing their muscles like a fighter getting set to swing his Sunday We have been riding around the ocean for what seems like 30 years and everybody aboard has reach ed the complaining griping about Ive decided the Navys psychology is to keep you out so long that everybodys not only but eager for any kind of action to break the Weather Perfect Weve had perfect weather for our final run into the It has been cloudy all day with a layer of overcast between three and four thousand feet high and another between seven and eight thousand Rain squalls have reduced the visibility to two allowing us to see ships in our im mediate screening force but hid ing the remaining war vessels and transport in our mighty The weather has been tough on pur aviators but they are all safe back aboard Turn to Page 3 Reveal 450 Jap Prisoners Taken In Solomon Operations GENERAL MAC ARTHURS 15 were signs to day of possibly imminent action hi the Owen Stanley mountains where the Japanese driving for Port Moresby have been stalled for five but the days communique said the general situation remained The communique noted that pa trol activity was increasing in the mountains where toe invaders have advanced to within 40 miles of Port the principal Al lied base in New Allied air on the alert for a resumption of the Japanese skimmed over the enemy po raking them with machine gun fire and Allied aerial assaults on Japa nese New Guinea bases at Salamaua vand Buna were halted but medium bombers small enemy cargo shipswith bombs and machine guns at Saumlaki in the Tanjmbar north of AUstra The results of this attack were not V From Pacific fleet headquarters in Pearl Harbor came the an nouncement that 450 Japanese were taken prisoner during the Marine landings on the Guadal canal and Tulagi island areas of the Solomon The prison ers have been removed from the Most of the prisoners were mem bers of the Japanese naval landing force which was defending the Japanese bases on the islands or labor troops engaged in building the airfield on the announcement The outstanding feature hi the capture of these prisoners is that each one expected to be the fleet announcement Hu mane including the fur nishing of medical attention and clothing was so surprising to the captives that many expressed a de sire never to return to Turn to Page 7 Wallgren Says Ship Was Sent to Bomb Japs at Kiska 15 The Army and Navy were accused in the Senate yesterday of sending some American pilots out to meet the enemy in inferior The bristling debate was touched off by Chairman Truman DMO of the special defense investigating who criticized not only fighter planes used by this steel the handling of the rubber program and failure to eliminate waste in construction of army camps and war Something has to be done to shake up the brass hats and get and obtain the best planes even if we have to go to some other country to get Truman in explaining why his committee approved his bringing the matter up for Senator Lucas DI11 said he found it why theysend boys out in a plane which can fly only 120 miles an hour to fight against better Wallgren a member of a Senate military affairs subcommit tee which recently investigated Alaskan said a plane of that type was sent out to bomb the Japanese at He said the United States had the world beaten with respect to bombers and Inter but discriminated against We talked with a great many men who have been fighting the Japanese and have been fighting on other Wallgren They told us that if it were not for their ability to out shoot the enemy they would have been because they feel that the fighting planes of their oppon ents can outfly He said the Japs were using a Zero fighter equiped with is forcing American bombers up to an altitude of feet where they lose effect He said the Amer ican fighters had better armor pro tection but it made them less Turn to Page 7 Added to List of Those Who Must Pay Federal Income Levies REACTION ON BILL MIXED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sept A recordshattering revenue bill dip ping directly into the pockets of more than a third of the nations citizens for money to help fight the war went to the technical drafts men today with mixed approval and criticism from members of the Senate finance About persons who previously paid no federal Income taxes would join old tax payers and the corporations to pro vide treasury collections estimated unofficially at more than annually under terms of the measure as it was approved by the committee last night Summing up the work on the bill since it passed the House July Democratic leader Barldey Ky expressed a view was con curred in by several other mem bers when he told reporters I think its a fair It was the best we could do under the Arrayed against this viewpoint was the comment of Senator La Follette PrpgWis who called the measure the worst tax bill in his tory and the admonition by Sen ator Vandenberg RMich that the Democrats would have to accept responsibility for operation of the new victory This superimposed on the regular income would collect 5 per cent of earnings above a the assessment being taken out of the pay checks of wage Credits Available At the end of the credits of 25 per cent of the tax would be available for single persons and 40 per plus 2 per cent for each to married These could be taken up in debt and insurance deductions or made in the form of post war rebates by the This levy stayed in the bill de spite a lastminute effort by Sen ator Byrd DVa to force across a sales linked with increases in income rates and lowering of Says Japs Killed Own Badly Wounded At Milne Bay GENERAL MACARTHURS Sept 15 The Japanese killed their own badly wounded so that no prisoners were taken in the battle for Milne where allied forces crushed a Japanese landing last a senior allied officer re ported The who just returned from the southeastern New Guinea described the fight as divided into three each growing in fierceness until the In the first the Japanese landed a naval force on the north shorein the early morning of Au gust 26 from a In the second phase the Japanese struggled for possession of a vital air field strip from which allied planes took off to bomb and strafe the The tide of battle may have turned for the officer gave the air force a great share in the credit of repelling the The third and most vicious stage was reached in the steaming jun gles of the North Peninsula after the Japanese had been backed up into a position from which there was no Cyril veteran Australian who commanded the allied faced the problem at the outset of determining where the Japanese might He was later handicapped by the lack of absolute knowledge as to whether they were landing reinforcements or taking off wounded when war ships entered the bay during two or three nights of the main engage ment Landing under the cover of dark nessand a tropical Japanese pushed west the first night They used small tanks to cover their lights searching out the defending Incidents of Fighting The staff officer told of these incidents in the fighting The Australians made a stand at their landing strip and not a Japa nese was able to step The allies sent an outfit into the hills to come behind the It met 120 Japanese and wiped them out to a As the Japanese retreated they left snipers among their dead to leap up suddenly and Rifle men and grenade throwers were tied in palm trees to attackallied The allied troops left these laced to the trees as they disposed of At other times the patrols met the Japanese in the The Japanese fled as the allies charged with the Japa nese droped to the ground and oth ers behind them cut loose with machine In the last after the Japa nese were smashed back past the Gffli their cruisers and destroyers entered the They brought in considerable reinforcements and took off Eight entered thebay one night to find an Aus tralian hospital The warshipsturned searchlights on the green and white and its big red crosses but left It un Thomas Aus tralian chief of allied land forces estimatedthat approximately Japanese were landed and were killed in i TAX BILL SENT TO 8to and a companion motion to junk the victory levy for higher income taxes without the sales lost by a 9 to 10 The committee then proceeded to lower to 40 per cent the House approved rate of 45 per cent on normal and surtax earnings of large an operation that removed of the bills potential The com rate in the present law is 31 per cent Turn to Page 2 Stalingrad Fights For Life By THE PRESS Sept to the the defenders of Stalingrad stood to their guns to day under the heaviest of pattern bombing and still held hills look ing down upon the heart of the city against the redoubled assault of Nazi troops and It is impossible to retreat any a Russian correspondent reported from the wars bloodiest But even while the bombspat tered fought for its the Red army kept up its own dogged punching at the German defensive lines on the Moscow front to the and reported the annihila tion of about Germans and the capture of a fortified town in a threeday Russian planes and Russian tanks still played their part in the fight to save Stalingrad badly outnumbered though they And the Russians reported that al though their lines sagged again and again under terrific the German gains now were being held to a costly 300 to 400 yards for a whole days Whole blocks of the city of Stal in smouldered bombstrewn But the smoke of war fac tories rose with the smoke of dev astation as workers toiled within sound of firing from the battleline to keep the troops German bombers struck heavily at Volga river crossings at the rear of Stalingrads seeking to cut them off from reinforcement and Front Plotted In Squares Field dispatches said the front line terrain had been plotted in squares for the with thepilots asisgned to exter minate every living thing within them to clear the way for tanks and motorized The midday communique told of the repulse attacks both west and southwest of the industrial center and the details of scattered engagements indicated more than Germans were killed in that critical area First Air Assault On Home Soif Reported By Army North German Harbor Town Battered 15 bombers spread fire and destruc tion over a north German harbor town last night as allied air chiefs commemorated the second anni versary of the battle of Britains climax with the promise that their air armadas would help destroy and defeat the Axis The Berlin radio gave the first word of the new assault on Ger the second in as many without naming the exact target An authoritative source here said only that British bomb ers were over The Berlin announcement said fires were started and some dam age was caused to main ly in the residential four of the attacking bombers were re ported shot Last nights raid came 24 hours after a double blow by the RAF and the Russian air force at Ger many and her Axis Ru mania and Bremen Scourged Several hundred British bomb ers scourged Bremen for the 100th time with tons of bombs aimed ati Uboat the FockeWulf air plane railways and indus The Russians said their bombers started fires in Bucharest and the Rumanian oil center of Ploesti and Axis reports said Buda Berlin and East were other targets of the Red Turn to Page 2 PAPERllttliS Shortage No Longer Salvage Official Says Waste paper collections in Adrian will be discontinued after October 1 it was announced today by George a member of the city salvage because a paper shortage nolonger The after discus sion with officials of the Simplex Paper decided stop the collections in the city rather than to keep them going in People would rather be told the truth about the paper Little And the truth that there no longer is a shortage of paper as there was last Rather than have the colections kept up halfheartedly with the danger that Adrian resi dents would become it has been decided to cancel the col lections until a shortage occurs During the last several months Simplex has been making the col lections and paying the Adrian civ ilian defense fund the profits from the Simplex officials have stated that the collections no long er are practical for their company because they can purchase paper on the market cheaper than they can collect it from Adrian resi Rather than turn the collection over to the school children or some other the salvage committee has decided to cancel it for the time Committee members believe that Adrian residents will be more willing to take up the col lection again in the future when a shortage occurs if they are told the truth about the Regular collection schedules will be maintained up to October BULLETINS 15 IP Rear Admiral John chief of the Navys Bureau of has been appointed to the newly created post of Com mander Air Pacific Secretary Knox announced in a move giving new recogni tion to the Navys air An official announcement de clared this billet is the most im portant air command afloat in the will become a Vice Admiral in his new HEADQUARTERS OF United States army air forces in the mid dle 15 States backing up the British as sault on caried out one of their most extensive operations of the middle eastern campaign Sun day the air force com mand announced Sept 15 Price Administrator Leon Hender son told Senate banking com mittee today that stabilization of farm and wages and salar was immediately necessary to avert the disaster of as deadly as a bomb and as treacher ous as the The danger of such extreme in flationary increases fa the cost of living as to jeopardize our entire war program is at Hender son declared in a He appeared to urge quick action on a resolution by Chairman Wag ner DNY and Senator Brown DMICH which would direct President Roosevelt to stabilize salaries and prices at ATTEMPT TO SET FORESTA FAILURE Marauder Believed to Been Seaplane Operating From Submarine By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SAN Sept first aerial assault upon United States home possibly by a sea plane operating from a was announced by the armys wes tern defense command The just before dawn was an apparent attempt to set fire to a valuable but isolated forest on the southern Oregon coast The effort was thanks to the vigilance of a forest service lookout and the efficiency of alert air raid warning system The armys communique said fragments of metal found near a crater by forestry patrols which quickly snuffed out the bore Japanese A small without identi fying markings was seen to come in from the sea and circle the Mount Emily area just before the fire was and shortly after the craft returned toward the Several hours later army pa trol plane sighted and bombed a submarine 30 miles off the Oregon coast with unobserved The army communique noted it is possible a plane of this type might have carried on a sub Speaker System Effective Lieut area super visor of the air raid warning sys said the plane was spotted on the filter center control board with in seconds of its appearance over the and observed It was an excellent test and the system proved fully Forestry patrols reported the in cendiary bomb left a crater about three feet in submarines shelled an oil well area in southern California February slight dam and a beach near June but it was the first evi dence of an actual air bombing of the continental United Howard forest service lookout observed the plane and saw the fire break out from his post on Mount nine milei from Turn to Page 7 EXPECUIGHT VOTE Spotlight On Race for Senate Nomination 15 gan voters cast their ballots but despite pleas of Republican and Democratic leaders for their constituents to election offi cials forecast a light esti mated at around with of the total expected in Wayne county With both candidates for gover nor unopposed within their the spotlight fell upon the three cornered race for the Republican nomination for United States Sen The contest was between Gerald former cler radio orator and organizer and chairman of the Committee of Circuit Judge Homer Ferguson of whose one man grand jury investigations sent scores of public and underworld figures to and Elton Plymouth weekly newspa per publisher and former member of the state The only other statewide con test also was on the Republicans where three candidates sought the nomination for lieuten ant They were Thomas three times holder of the office and a former attor ney general Eugene Keyes of the nominee hi and State Senator Hale Braka of Neither Harry Repub nor Murray Van had opposi tion for their partys nomination for Democratic United States Sena tor Prentiss Brown and Lieut Frank Murphy also were un opposed hi the Democratic pri mary for All 17 members of Michigans congressional body 11 Republi cans and six Democrats sought renomination with the Republi cans having contests in nine dis tricts and the Democrats in Six Republican congressmen have no oposition while all of the Dem ocratic incumbents are The Fourth where Clare Hoffman sought renomi nation against two held top interest among the congres sional outspoken critic of the Roosevelt Adminis tration and a target for CIO was opposed by Benjamin Bur ton of South Haven and Hammond of Benton ;