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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - October 16, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Cloudy DaUlb ra OCTOBER 1942 PRICE 3 Showdown Near For Possession Of Guadalcanal Isle ACHONSTEPPEO UP Reinforced Japanese and American Forces Struggle For Knockout By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct 16 struggle for control of the south west Pacific seesawed in thunder ous spurts around the Solomon Is lands today as strengthened Amer ican and Japanese forces strove desperately for knockout Steppedup aerial and naval ac tion throughout the whole battle inflamed area bolstered likelihood that a showdown was near at hand for possesion of the pivotal Guadal canal Island and its prized air base captured more than two months ago by United States Within the last 24 the navy reported last Japanese bombers have bombed the flying following up an earlier bom bardment from the sea by an en emy armada that included battle cruisers and Near Save scene of recent Japanese and American naval bat tles at the approaches to the en emyheld northern portion of a strong Japanese fleet was the navy A Japanese naval believed to be a also shelled Espiritu Santo Island on the night of The site of an American is 450 miles southeast of While the struggle between rein forced Japanese and American troops developed on allied bombers continued a two pronged offensive from United states air fields and Douglas MacArthurs Australian headquart Airfield Bombed Army flying fortresses splashed explosives on the airfield and shore Installations at Japanese base about 375 nautical miles north west of wrecking damaging 10 enemy bombers and Six more Japanese fighter planes were shot down at the enemy base at Buin on the southeast coast of Bougainville Island and two enemy cargo ships were damaged on At the small island of Faisi off the southern tip of MacArthurs headquarters an nounced last night Aus tralian time that allied bombers seriously damaged a Japanese light Allied ground were battling the invaders in New about Midway from the Japanese base at Buna and the al lied Port Moresby The com munique did not disclose the prog ress of the Turn to Page 2 700 EXPECTED HERE JE 250 Rooms Needed to House Visitors Week of Oc tober 26 The 69th convention of the Michigan State Grange will be held in Adrian from October 26 to October Between 600 and 700 delegates are expected to Delegates will register October 26 and that evening an informal getacquainted meeting is plan ned at the Adrian The outstanding problem in pre paring for the session is arranging for the housing of the Residents of Adrian and the vi cinity are asked to open their homes to house a grange delegate from Monday until The organization provides that man and attend the conven tions together and fixes the price of lodging at one dollar a night for each No meals are required at the place of In making this appeal to the peo ple of Adrian and of the Billings of the Chamber of that 250 rooms are Those able to provide such lodging are asked to notify Johnson of the McLellan Stores Roy Swigert of the Woolworth Norman Walper of the Walper Furniture Metro Lecyk of Klines Department or the Adrian Chamber of Commerce on North Main Street Those who write in should state the number of rooms available and the location of the The Grange convention was last held in Adrian 17 years The attendance usually numbers ap proximately but the trans portation situation is expected to reduce the number of delegates this An article discussing the pro gram at the grange convention ap pears on the farm page of todays edition of The Telegram 13 United Nations Seamen Are Killed By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Official yesterday of two sinkings in which 13 united nations seamen met death elevated to 493 the Associated Press count of an nounced neutral and allied cargo ship losses by submarine attack in the western Atlantic since 194L A mediumsized American mer chantman was sunk in with one man Fiftythree sur vivors reached an east coast Sinking last Thursday of an un identifed cargo carrier off Metis on the south shore of the St Lawrence account ed for the loss of 12 Canadian officials This was the tenth announced sinking in that no enemy submarines are known to have penetrated so far upstream 16 House of Representatives in the new Congress starting in January is certain to have at least 64 new faces without waiting for the 3 election With the congressional primary runoffs in Louisiana an Associated Press survey today showed that this was bound to oc cur because 31 incumbent members were not candidates for 22 were defeated in the and seven vacant seats are to be filled in next months In one member has died and there others have resigned to enter the armed forces since their renomination and new nominees have been The survey also disclosed that 100 of the 432 members to be elect ed 3 Maine reelected its three Republicans Sept 14 can be count ed in now as they have no oppo This group includes 89 Democrats in 14 10 Repub licans in and one American Labor New Four other Democratic nominees Georgia vir tually certain of electiorirbecause of only minor party Eigh teen more Democratic candidates in the solid south have Republi can In there are 841 candidates for the new including 407 334 Republicans and 100 of other The latter figure does not include Democratic or Republican nominees in New York who also have the American Labor Party endorsement A total of 375 House incumbents won renomination in the primaries including 222 149 Re publicans three and one American Of the re maining the Democrats had 21 who were not 15 pri mary and six vacancies to be filled the Republicans had nine not seven de and one vacancy Farmer one not a Seven candidates for the House will be elected at mean ing they will face the voters next month on a statewide rather than a mere district Reapportion ment becausa of shifts in popula tion and failure to redistrict makes this Reapportionment also brought about some odd with in cumbents being required to run against each other in four states Raymond Re and William Democrat are opponents for the 10th Indiana seat William S Democrat and Henry are fighting it out for the 2nd Iowa George and Steph en are opponents for the lone Ohio atlarge and Reps Edward anc John Democrat are candidates for the 4th Kansas Each of these states lost one seat by reapportionment F ISLAND HEADQUARTERS Alaska De fense Oct 16 Alaska defense command disclosec today that American troops had taken over another island in the Andreanof group of the Aleutians The action was described as a routine A Japanese plane appeared with in a short time and dropped two bombs on the new encampment but no casualties were The American troops encountered resistance and no difficulties in making a landing on the The bombs dropped by the Jap anese plane fell far from their tar get The navy announced on 3 that army troops and air supported by naval had mov ed into advanced bases in the mid Aleutian Jap aneseheld Kiska Island within bombing AUCTIONS Oct Public auction southeast of Victor on Market See south of Al auctioneer auuui vi tvi See on Market New Zealand Explained To Americans Oct 16 Haeramai said the New Zealand gov ernment today to United States sailors and means welcome in the tongue of the native When we say that we mean The greeting introduces a illustrated booklet designed to tell visiting members of Americas armed forces what New Zealand and also what it is Promptly after the greeting comes a reminder that in New Zea traffic keeps to the and yields right of way to traffic ap proaching from the no such thing as a main road or a boulevard in the downunder You wont says the find skyscrapers or wines and beer can be served only in licensed 10 to 6 Monday through 10 to 2 and 4 to 6 on none at all on New South Island and Stewart is about miles and rela tively Agriculture the principal There are gla snowcovered mountains for hot springs and an active All mammals are import ed and and like the country has no but Beware of the Katipo bloodbrother of the black in the sandy coastal areas the only dangerous animal in New The native from Raiatea near discovered and settled New Zealand about the 13th cen and they form about two per cent of the We dont belong to says the We dont pay taxes to Winston Chur chill doesnt tell us what to and parliament in England doesnt pass laws for Were not a Bri tish colony though thats the way we started out were a and a member of the British com monwealth of And to add emphasis to the point the booklet adds that generally England gets a whole lot more advice from the dominions now than the dominions get from You know what its like for the old lady when the family grows Tea drinking is the ritual at most social for i You will find black coffee sometimes quite drinkable but not found very The national brew 031163 white about half coffee and half is rather pallid so learn to drink rather than risk the DECIDE FARMS NEED GLAMOR Oct 16 What the farm Congress was told is some And unless something is done to keep farmhands from seeking that elusive quality the House agriculture committee re thsre may be a few million hungry stomachs to awaken the people to a better understanding and appreciation of those who till the Industrial managers and workers are very properly given public commendation for some spe cial feat of But there is no glamor on the any wonder that our young men seek the field of glory and glamor Thehe are ample food and fiber supplies on hand now due to ac cumulation of a favor able farm season this year and the wholehearted response of farmers to pleas for increased the committee but it added The present supplies will be rap idly by our armed by our civilian and by the enormous requirements of our Few people have any com prehension of the magnitude of shipments of food to our allies or the shipments which will be re quired in the The demands for our armed forces and allies will rather than MORGENTHAU ARRIVES IN BRITAIN BY PLANE Oct 16 United States secretary of the was dis closed today to have arrived by plane in Britain the first United States cabinet member to come here since the start of the Morgenthaus arrival was un heralded and the purpose of his trip was but he was ex pected to give some indication of his mission at a press conference this On his Morgenthau wenl to a London hotel and conferred with United States Ambassador no John Winant One possible point expected from conferences with British officials would be reciprocal the re verse part of the lendlease under which Britain is giving the United States war supplies involv ing many millions of dollars in bookkeeping The visit also was in line with the evident Washington policy of giving high American officials firsthand familiarity with the allied war a policy which previously had brought such men as Harry General George Chief of Staff of the United States and others TO LOWER DRAFT AGE FROM 20118 Would Prevent Married Men From Being Inducted Be fore Single Ones APPROVED UNANIMOUSLY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS its speed as the answer of a democ racy to totalitarian the House Military Committee laid be for the full membership today a bill to lower the draft age from 20 to 18 years and to prevent married men from bsing inducted ahead of single Unanimously approved by the committee late just three days after President Roose velt requested the legislation was slated by the House leadership for a vote and virtually certain passage Under House rules it could not be taken up to day except by unanimous consent a procedure leaders decided to forego in order to permit Driving ahead with a similar the Senate Military Committee neared an end of hearings amid indications of a final vote early next As approved by the House com the legislation assured high school and college students of de ferment long enough to complete their current academic pro vided it does not run beyond June and revised the setup under which local draft boards have been meeting monthly quotas intended to build the army to a strength of by the end of next The student deferment written into the bill at the sug gestion of Representative Kilday grants a delay only to students requesting it Kilday con ceded it could result in the whole sale deferment of every 18 or 19 yearold student until next July Turn to Page 2 OFFER TO WORK FOR 60 DAYS WITHOUT PAY NEW 16 From office boy to vice all 171 employees of the abandoned Biggins shipyard have offered to work without pay for 60 days to get the plant into wartime produc We would rather work for Uncle Sam for two months for nothing than for perhaps the rest of our lives for was the way a spokesman for the now busy junking the put Elvin director of war jond sales at the said this elegram was sent to Andrew Higgins in Since Donald Nelson Is quot ed as having he feels it his duty to see that the facilities in volved in the cancellation of the Higgins contract are utilized for he war as part of those wish to pledge our whole patriotic support to you and i your effort to reopen the Micheaud plant for the war and to that end we offer to contri jute 60 days work without pay of any War Production Chief Nelson old an American Federation of Labor committee investigating can cellation of the Higgins contract that an advocate of productionline ship construc must come into this war ef fort in a bigger The Maritime blam ing a shortage of cancelled Higgins contract to build 200 Lib erty ships after upwards of had been spent getting the plant George Taylor Is Reelected to Road Commission county board of ervi ing board permission fd use two room in the court house for an in definite time this The board followed the recommendation of the building Adel bert Vedder of Adrian and William Swick of and waived an opportunity to sign a lease for 540 per month as The board decided that it would be more in the interests of the county to give the office space to the rationing board and be free to recall the privilege at any tune the county might need the than to sign a lease would give the OPA a longterm posses sion of the At the same the supervisors voted not to advance further funds to the rationing board for the purpose ol supplies and When the rationing board first began the county in vested approximately in of fice filing file chairs and other equip Both Vedder and Swick reported on the decision of the the third member of the committee was not present Vedder said thai the rationing system is a war mea and the committee believed it the patriotic duty of the board to do everything possible to He cited the cooperation of the county road commission at the present time in the campaign to colled scrap metal throughout the county George chairman of the county road was reelected for a sixyear term by the board this He was nominated by Hollo Conlin 01 Franklin township and was unan imously The county board of canvassers was also elected for a two year term this with Frank Bradish and Alice Welch of Ad and William Argue of Jas per as Bradish anc Argue were anc Miss Welch was elected to succeed Thomas Conlin of Franklin town She served this year due to the ill health of William county wel fare was unanimous ly He was nominated by Elmer Hillard of Fairfield town ship and will serve for three years REPORTS FOR DUTY Oct 16 IF Benson Henry Fords grandson who recently joined the United States as a private after obtaining speciaf permission to enlist despite an eye re ported this morning to the com manding officer of Selfridge Field The specific duties to which young Ford will be assigned have not been DOUGLAS 44 16 Justice William young est member of the United States Supreme became 44 years old the youngest person appointed to the tribunal in 127 years when he was nominated bj President Roosevelt in 1939 at the age of previously was chairman of the securities Desperate German Attack Forces Russians To Retreat In Battle Far Stalingrad TRUCKS 22 TO 24 Certificates of War Necessity Are to Be Issued All farmers who own trucks that are used hi hauling farm products from farms and supplies to the farm must file applications for certificates of war necessity October 23 and according to an announcement made today by Ellis chairman of the Department of Agricul ture War Board for Lenawee Under an order issued by the Office of Defense Transporta tionj ill trucks must a certificate in order to obtain gas tires or repair parts after November The aim is to confine truck op erations to those which are neces yt to the war effort or to es sential domestic The certificates will set the max imum mileage and minimum loads for each A county farm transportation committee Is being set up in each county to help farmers and truck ers to fill out their applications and to assist otherwise in admin istering the Roosa as chairman of the Wai Board automotically serves as chairman of this The other members of the com mittee are Carl Sword of Cad mus and Witt of farmer members Lester Ba ker of trucker and Sailer of repre senting farm supply The alternates are Frank Hall of Hol loway and Earl Murphy of Brit farmers Seward Shepherd of and Albert Green of Roosa will announce the place of registration the first ol the Collection Campaign Drawing to a Close NEW 16 tains of scrap rose higher all over the nation today as the newspaper sponsored national campaign drew near its Seven states reported to the newspapers united scrap metal drive committee averages of bet ter than 60 pounds per person on the basis of partial and four cities had bettered200 pounds for every resident The latest tally of tons from 37 average of pounds per expectet to rise swiftly as final results be came While the national drive was scheduled to end some sections planned longer campaigns The top ten states of the nation on a per person included six from west of the al though an eastern the lead with pounds Kansas with pounds per capita was second Nevada third with The ton nage totals were Rhode Island Kansas and Nevada with an average of pounds for every citizen led the list of Fairmont was second with 229 pounds had 212 pounds and 209 Com mittee headquarters said more than 30 had collected an average of bet ter than 100 pounds per lonquered Nations Seethe With Mounting Bitter ness Against Nazis By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Europes conquered nations seethed with mounting bitterness against the Nazi yoke and dis patches told of a wave of violent disorders sweeping unoccupied German firingsquads deal tag out ruthless reprisal for out croppings of revolt in and continuing unrest in A Moscow broadcast that a big presumably set by Norwegian had put the Nazi sub marinebuilding yards on Norways Atlantic out of operation for a long The broadcast said that Nazi Commissioner Josef Terboven had flown to the scene of the trouble and then on to and a higher member of Himmlers Gestapo had arrived in Oslo in connection with spreading omens of At the same Norwegian quarters in London said the hated Quisling regime in Norway had confined more than clegymen of the Norwegian church to their because the priests refused to recognize the Quisling Quisling was reported ordaining hundreds of unqualified laymen to fill the pulpits of 750 Violent disorders have broken out unoccupied zone of France as the Nazis increased their pres sure to get French workers to go to dispatches to the Swiss press reported Blood Flows Chambery and Annecy were mentioned as trouble cen ters in a dispatch to the Tribune de which said while details it is known that violent outbreaks oc curred and that public forces whether gendarmes or army units was not specified had to and that blood This unconfirmed tiombs were that the public forces had used chiefly hand that railway stations and other strategic points were occu pied by Vichy said of ficials of the Laval government were minimizing the extent of the disorders and insisting that it was not yet known that bloodshed had The outbreaks were said to have started when the Nazis posted in factories lists of workers who were asked to go to It was said they were not actually re as has been done in but were asked to vol At the rporets th railway line was tied up as workers refused to move Trouble was reported also in the Lyon railway while at An women paraded with pla cards we will not let our husbands go to in a dispatch datelined reported that the French Ministerial Council met this morn ing under the presidency of Chief of State It may have dealt with the Turn to Page 9 BULLETINS Says Food Trucks In Philippines Were HiJacked 16 cap ain in the army nurse corps who through the entire cam rnign In the Philippines told how irucks bearing food supplies to the eleagured heroes of Bataan were highjacked by civilians who had led to Bataan from About of civilians went from Manila to declared laptain Florence MacDonald of Tort in an address yesterday before the American hospital Associations war confer and the Army had to feed But many of them sat sfied with what they got and sometimes trucks bearing food to hose poor boys fighting on the Bataan front were highjacked and some food taken from There were times when the boys at the ront had only a few cans of sal mon and a little Her voice breaking at the bespectacled nurse old in the early days of the Japanese attack on the nurses worked with the wounded in operating rooms with tears streaming down their but never broke completely she one of them would turn to mein the op erating room and say Miss my She said that during the black the darkness was so complete n the hospitals that you couldnt tell what color your patient was even in the dim light of partly olever and when youd ake a patients you couldnt see your watch to count it and youd have to estimate the Dramatically implementing the talks of other conference speakers who told of the growing demands Eor nurses with the armed Captain MacDonald said If there are any nurses here without home ties I urge you to help those bravest In the If you could have seen them as I seldom groan or but only may I please a glass ofc water wouldnt mean anything to JusfTiave a little charity in your hearts for those 16 Senate Military Committee recommended the drafting of 18 and 19year olds today shortly after the House arranged for final action tomorrow on similar Oct 16 joint Senate House conference committee agreed today to retain in the new revenue bill the 5 per cent victorytax on all income of individuals over Oct 16 President Roosevelt told Congress today that federal cash expendi tures for war in the fiscal year ending June 1943 now were estimated at and nonwar at In interest on the pub lic debt in this 12month perioa was estimated at to bring aggregate federal outlays for the current fiscal period to Nonwar expenditures of the government Roosevelt re have been cut more than a third from their 1939 16 air attack on the Japanese camp at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands started many huge fires and de stroyed three enemy seaplanes on the the Navy reported to Theraid was carried out Wednes day by Liberator accompanied by twin engine Light ning a communique While the bombers rained incendi ary bombs on the enemy The fighters strafed and destroyed the Japanese No enemy air opposition was en but one of the army fighters wai lost TACKLES TAX BILL Oct A joint conference committee tackled major issues in the new revenue bill today in an effort to compose Senate and House differ ences in time to submit the meas ure for a final vote in both Houses next Working rapidly through the 504 Senate changes in the House the conference group had narrowed its differences today to a dozen Foremost among these was the proposed 5 per cent Victory Tax on all individual income over Still in dispute also were Senate actions cutting proposed normal and surtax rates on corporations from the 45 per cent figure voted by the House to 40 per as well as its provision for postwar re bate of a part of excess profits taxes and its overall limitation of 80 per cent of net income on business The committee disposed of one major controversial point yester day when House members agreed to accept a Senate amendmenl barring an automatic increase next year in the Social Security Payroll President Roosevei had opposed this The conferees also agreed to fix the dividing line between shor and long term capital gams ant losses at six instead o the 18 months that now prevails and the 15 months voted by the This would provide specia tax treatment for assets held more than six Attackers Penetrate ously Into Defenses In Northern Suburbs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct defend TS of Stalingrad retreated to new positions under cover of early morning darkness today and with their backs to the broad Volga were reported making a new and stubborn stand against desperate German effort to hack a path o the river and Two infantry divisions paced by 100 tanks and supported by 500 planes formed the spearhead with which the Germans hoped at all cost to split Stalingrads The attackers already had pene trated dangerously Into the Rus sian defenses on a onemilewide sector of the northern suburbs in his renewal of the offensive after days of stalemate and the army Red said that the vile enemy aims to capture the city at any cost By German accounts the vic tory envisaged by the a broad salient to the river had already been Official Ger man reports said that the attack ers had reached the Volga on a womile front after capturing the Dzerzhinsky tractor works Thurs day The battle of like the ong struggle for Sevastopol in the had already disrupted the Germans offensive Possession of a factory settle ment was the Immediate Dispatches said the main struggle raged several kilometers deep within the settlement with garri son forces against the on slaughts of two infantry divisions and 100 The Nazi was less than half the size of the offensive force used last but more could pjickepLprofitably into salient Reds Pressed Back The Russians were pressed back at various noon com munique reported German seizure of several numerical superiority of the assault force was officially Little room was left for maneuvers on the west back of the Volga level bombers and fight ers backed up the ground Two Nazi infantry divisions sup ported by 100 tanks were reported in the midnight communique to iiave moved ahead slightly in fierce fighting and further inroads were acknowledged in the war bulletin issued at Sixteen German planes were brought down by Soviet fighter planes and antiaircraft it was Turn to Page 3 Q o 16 defend ers of Malta shot down 14 Axis planes in daylight yesterday as the enemy continued to batter at thai stronghold in the central Mediter a British communique an nounced Four British Spitfires were re ported lost hi the which brought total of enemy planes destroyed over Malta since Sunda to The communique said still an other German Junkers plane was shot down into the sea south o and acknowledged the loss of two more British aircraft over the Egyptian front British aerial activities in this zone ihcluded attacks on Axis trans port columns by fighter bombers yesterday and raids the previous night by medium bombers on To Sidi Haneish and Operations on the Egyptian land front were reported limited to pa trol BY BLOCy IISTERS Hundreds of Big Bombers Pound Crty 16 biggest bombs fell in crushing weight on Cologne last night from a raiding force of hundreds of great fourmotored bombers after the RAF virtually had ignored the blackened Rhineland city in the four and a half months since it was made the target of historys first thousandplane The industrial manys bomb the general target of the assault prob ably one of the largest against the Nazi homeland in Cologne apparently was the focus of the assault the German radio hit widely scat tered The British reported losing 18 planes in the night attack and the Germans put British losses at Block busters the RAFs devastating twoton dropped on carefully selected tar gets in the whole area and some of the biggest were saved for attacked for the 110th recorded time and the first since a great area of it was pulverized by air force of planes on the night of May Last nights raid as indicated by the announced losses was on a smaller perhaps by a force of 360 to 400 The last previous raid on the Rhineland occurred a week ago when single bombers made a day light attack on the upper Rhine land The RAFs attack last night marked the seventh night opera tion against targets in Germany this Great Britain meanwhile had a quiet night except for a southeast coast town which was visited by two German raiders early Machinegunning and bombing caused some British re ports but there were no cas ;