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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - October 10, 1942, Adrian, Michigan DAILY TEL Not So Coot Weather Details on Pago Two OCTOBER 1942 PRICE 3 OF IN State Department Says Great Britain Is Taking Similar Action RED CROSS BEGINS SURGICAL DRESSING WORK CHINESE ACCLAIM MOVE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct an embattled China on the eve of its national the United States last night announced its willingness to abolish promptly by treaty the system of extraterri torial rights it has enjoyed in that country for nearly 100 Great the State Depart ment shares this Govern ments views and is taking similar Early today the British Foreign Office confirmed from London tha the British Government had in formed China that it intended to offer her a treaty in the near fu ture for immediate relinquishmen of extraterritorial One of the points of Wendell L Willkies statement in Chungking Tuesday of his personal war views a demand that the United Na tions renounce all imperialists aims in postwar The United States decision communicated to the Chinese am Wei Tao by Sum ner acting Secretary o Welles told the Ambas sador that the United States plan to present a draft treaty to the Chinese Government for its con sideration Immediate Action This treaty would provide for the immediate relinquishment of this countrys extraterritorial rights in China and for the settlement of related Abolition of the extraterritorial rights would have little immediate practical effect in view of the fact that the most important areas in which those rights were enjoyed now are occupied by Japanese From the point of view of Chinas national such volun tary relinquishment of centuryold rights would be of immense im not to speak of the lift it could be expected to give to the Chinese fighting The first paragraph of the Kuo mintang Manifesto of 1924 pro claims Chinas determination to free itself from the system of ex traterritoriality in the following words r i AH unequal treaties such as those providing for leased Ex traterritorial foreign control of the customs and exercise of political authority on Chinese territories which impairs the sovereignty of the Chinese Na should be and new treaties concluded on the basis of absolute equality and mutual re spect for sovereign Long Aim of China Achievement of absolute equal ity among the nations through aholition of extraterritorial rights and related privileges has been one of the aims of Nationalist China since the revolution which over threw the Manchu Dynasty in 191L Tomorrow is the thirtyfirst anni versary of that which gave birth to the Chinese The principal extraterritorial right exercised in China by the United States under various pre vious treaties has been the right to maintain a United States court lor Under this right Amer icans in China were subject not to Chinese but to American Other extraterritorial rights granted Americans included the privilege of holding land in China under leases in Under the proposed treaty the United States would not be relin quishing any concessions or leasec since this country die not possess any such privileges in Britains Holdings Great on the other had Concessions in such cities as Hangchow anc and held as a leased ter ritory on the Chinese mainland opposite Hong Turn to Page 3 IEID ATTACKS Senate Votes To Freeze Social Security Taxes At 42 Level Entrenched for Positional Warfare Northwest City of EXPECT ASTRAKHAN DRIVE By THE ASSOCIATED PHESS Oct 10Red army troops were reported entrenched for positional warfare against the German flank northwest of Stalin grad today as the citys garrison Women from various communities in the county are shown receiving instructions for preparing sur gical dressings from Smith at county Red Cross The actual work of mak ing the dressings for the armed forces all over the world will begin from left to the members of the training class group are Matthew Morenci Van Clinton Homer and Glen Seated are Hanna of Tecumseh and Knapp of 283 TONS OF METAL Road Officials Estimate That Half of County Is Cov ered County road commission officials estimated today that approximate y half of the farms in Lenawee county have been visited in the scrap metal collection which has been in progress for the last The estimated total of scrap metal collected at these farms is 283 If the remaining farms in the county furnish an equal amount of the farm collection total will be near the 600 ton This means that unless urban districts of the match the farm as a whole will fall short of the ton quota set for it by state sal vage Heavy metal pieces that could not be handled by the regular crews of the county trucks are to be hauled in by wrecking crews dur ing the next few days and salvage officials believe that the county total may be helped considerably by this Turn to OLD Page 6 Quota For Lenawee Chapter Set at More Than Beginning a new phase of Red ter house has been completely Cross Lenawee county women now are receiving training and soon will be in actual produc tion on more than surgical dressings for the armed Production officials are not at lib erty to disclose the actual surgical dressing quota for the Women from all over the county have been receiving training as in structors at the chapter house on Broad Street this Next week they will return to their own localities and organize classes for carrying on the Classes for Adrian women were being held today at the chapter house and others will be arranged in the Nearly 200 women from all parts of the county have signed up for classes and as soon as pos ible night classes will be started o instruct women who are em ployed in the New Boom Ready The room formerly used by the knitting department in the chap enovated and The vails have been washed and paint the chairs have been painted vhite and two long tables have icen The only wall are two bulletins in truding workers to be on vear a clean white uniform or wash hands keep lair covered wear leither nail polish or Imoking is not It is ex jected that similar rooms for sur ical dressing work will be opened Claim 22 Allied Ships Are Sunk BERLIN From German Broad casts 10 German high command reported today that 12 Allied merchant ships were sunk directly before the harbor of Cape South and another 10 in the North and South Atlan tic and in the Lawrence One ship reported sunk in the North Atlantic was the refrigerator Andalucia said to have been bound for Eng land with a cargo of There was no confirmation of these reported sinkings from any other The German com munique did not state the period of time in which the sinkings oc The 22 ships reported sunk had a total tonnage of the communique In addition to the vessels reported sunk off the communique said others were sunk off West off the South Amer ican in the Lawrence River and hi the North Seven LifeTerm Convicts Escape From Illinois Prison 10 lull facilities of Illinois law agen cies were in operation today in one of the most widely flung manhunts in the states history to effect the capture of seven life term convicts who made a daring escape from Stateville Prison yesterday after Two of the leaders in the spectacular break over the prison were Ter rible and Hugh Basil The Owl at one time the nations top ranking pub lic who were serving 99 year terms for Two guards and a civilian em ployee were wounded hi the day light assault by the five of whom fled in a guards auto mobile parked outside the Shoot to kill orders were is sued as county and city police joined the full state police force in patrolling highways and barricad ing particularly leading toward 40 miles Warden Stubblefieldsaid that while officials were certain as to the manner in which five ol the prisoners it was not for some time after the break that guards found that two other con victs were They were Edward serving 199 years for murdering a and St Clair serv ing a life term as an habitual Although the warden said it appeared they also had es caped in the he ordered guards to search the prison and its There are about in mates in the work ing on three number Turn to Page 3 JUDGE FERGUSON WILL SPEAK HERE 20 Judge Homer Repub lican candidate for senator in the November 3 will speak at a banquet October 20 in the Masonic Temple under the auspices of the Lenawee County Republican Other Re publican candidates for political offices may be on The ban quet will start at I MADEBY WELLES BUENOS 10 Argentina and the only American nations maintaining re lations with the formally pro tested today assertions by Acting Secretary of State Sumner Wellas that the two countries are being used as bases by Axis Both governments issued strong notes categorically rejecting Welless statement in Boston Thursday night that ship sinkings in American waters have been due in part to the activity of Axis spies operating within their They declared in effect that they were loyal to their American neighbors and that Welles had painted a false picture of their relations with other western hemisphere Observers here expressed belief the official reaction of the two governments had dealt a virtua death blow to Allied hopes that they might soon carry out recom mendations of the Rio de Janeiro conference by severing all ties with the Chilean Foreign Minister Ern esto Barros Jarpa noted in a for mal statement that Welless speech came just as President Juan An tonio Rios was preparing to visit the United Government sources here speculated on the pos sibility that the President might postpone his trip pending an ex planation from In any informed Argen tine quarters the speech has resulted in a definite cooling o relations between the United States and the two South American 10 AXIS PLANES DOWNED Oct lb planes made large scale attacks on Axis landing grounds in th forward area of the Egyptian front yesterday and shot down H Axis fighters and damaged II others in air a British communique said Numerous direct hits were scored and considerable enemy air craft on the ground were destroyec and damaged by lowlying at said the is sued by the RAF an Middle East I Explosives and cannon shelli loosed by light bombers and long range fighters destroyed the loco motive of a GermanItalian train and ammunition cars were blown it was Bengasi harbor shipping also wa attacked and the communique in dicated the scope of the operations in reporting that dozen aircraf were beat off renewed Nazi efforts to break through to the Official Soviet reports indicated a relative stabilization of lines in the greatest battle of the German Russian the siege of Sta lingrad now in its 47th A German hint that assault troops would be withdrawn from Stalin leaving the field to siege guns and was again ig nored by the Soviet high But artillery is among the best publicized of the Red armys weap ons and the Russians probably would welcome a shelling duel Withdrawal of Nazi infantry would be regarded here as as a tacit admission that the German high command had again miscalcu lated the strength of Russian re as it did at at Tula and upon the approaches of Moscow last A possibility that Axis shock troops would be diverted against the VolgaCaspian shipping lanes at on the Volgas was implied yesterday in a dispatch of the government news paper which reported for the first time the German drive across the Kalmyck The Germans declared several weeks ago that an invasion force had driven to the Caspian south west of Astrakhan after capturing the Malmyck 160 miles south of Stalingrad and 130 mileswest of Later Berlin broadcasts have been silent upon developments in that Reds Dig In Digging in of Marshal Timoshen kos relief forces northwest of Sta lingrad after almost three weeks on the offensive across the Don Volga corridor was announced in By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct 10 ad ministration drive to send the new tax bill to President be fore the the 3 elections car ried ftie Senate into an unusual weekend session today in an effort to put the finishing touches on its version of the The Senate took long strides yes terday toward approval of the approving a 5 per cent victory tax on gross income above J624 a year and 50 to to freeze social security taxes in 1943 at the pres ent level of 1 per cent on employ ers and a like amount on This action was taken despite an appeal by President Roosevelt in a letter to Chairman George D Ga of the finance committee for elimination of the committeeap proved freezing amendment which George subsequently sup ported on a roll call Forecasting speedy Senate ap proval fo the Democratic Lead er Barkley of Kentucky told report ers he hoped no more than two weeks would be consumed in ad justing differences with the Adherence to such a schedule would put the biggest tax bill in history LOSIIN rcSSlHK will uc t Hud rmdmght Tecumseh and Clin Smith is chairman if the surgical dressing division of Red Cross work with Caughey remaining as general pro duction Both have re instructions on how to End how to conduct Smith and Caughey are in charge of the classes this week and the women vho meet requirements will be qualified to instruct other Groups to Be Organized The classes this week are work ng on practice Other materials are expected Once the work gets under way it is ex pected that groups of volunteers will be organized and that each will be assigned to work four hours a one day a The surgi cal dressing room in the chapter house can accommodate only 15 or 16 workers at a time and lor that reason it will be necessary to or anize the different Adrian groups The indications are that the Red Cross will concentrate on the mak ng of surgical dressings for the The quota of clothing and knitting work for the Lenawee chapter is small this year but the surgical dressing quota is unusual ly It will give every woman in the county an opportunity to do something for the Red The work isnt complicated or dif ficult but it is exacting and work ers must follow rules The Lenawee Red Cross intends to have its surgical dressings Al in every respect Amid artillery scouting operations and local fighting on various they fortified their occupied the communi que A Red army force encircled for several days was declared to have broken through the enemy ring af hard battle and occupiedde fense positions at a workers set Turn to Page 6 Tons Collected in 24 Leading States NEW 10 every corner cupboard and base ment came more of the sinews of war vital scrap metal necessary to make the steel to make the arms for the A national scrap drive conducted by the nations newspapers went into its last seven days encouraged by incomplete and unofficial re ports which showed a total of 460 tons collected in the leading 24 This represented pounds per Everywhere people were aware of the acute scrap shortage am the big job ahead appeared to rest with local committees and pickup services charged with getting th vital metal to the salvage depots Richard chairman of on the Presidents desk in the last week of We want to get this bill passed before the elections and we cer tainly are going to work hard with that aim in Barkley There had been reports previous ly that some legislators wanted to delay the news of increased taxa tion until after the voters had passed upon the bidsof many mem bers for reelection to As the Senate measure took final shape it would add a disputed amount between and to the 10 now collected annually in rect In about would be taken year f from but rebated lat Study Depletion Credits The Senate had before it today he question of allowing liberal per entage allowances for depletion in etroleum and mining system now in effect but strongly pposed by the Further implicating this Sen tors McKellar DTenn and homas sought to in lude ball clay and rock asphalt in he list of products given such al Before final the Senate Iso was to be called upon to con fer a proposal by a finance sub ommittee headed by Senator Valsh DMass to amend the law overning renegotiation of war con racts to scale down Bark ey said he was confident this pro osal would be written into the As submitted by the Walsh com the amendment would open all contracts over to re egotiation if the secretary of ecretary of the navy or chairman f the Maritime Commission found that excessive profits were The government how would be authorized to agree hat there should be no renegotia ion for a specified period after he awarding of the contract and Tons of Bombs Unloaded on Hitlers Factories and Railroad Yards genera the newspapers Car Overturns 1 4 Hurt 10 13 yearold boy was injured fatally and four other Lansing including a 13yearold were injured slightly when the car in which they were riding after a football game here last night over turned after failing to negotiate a James Williams died at Sparrow Hospital five hours after the acci dent which state police said re sulted when the driven by Robert was travel ing at a high rate of The Pollyanna suffered slight bruises and shock and was released from the hospi tal as were Bellgowan and Stan ford Lynn remained in the hospital with arm The mishap occurred on Delta River Drive northwest of the REHABILITATION PLAN FOR CASUALTIES OF WAR IS ACCORDED SUPPORT 10 President Roosevelts request for legislation setting up a fullydevel oped program for rehabilitation of war casualties found strong sup port today among a group of Sen ators already at work on a com prehensive The Presidential message to Congress yesterday drew the ap proval of Senator LaFollette ProgWis whose own vocational rehabilitation bill is under consid eration by an education and labor The committee went to work af ter yesterdays brief hearing when they were told by Paul federal security that immediate action was imperative to provide a means for rehabilitating and training civilian as well as mili tary casualties for specialized In his the President as serted that the physically handi previously rehabilitated and trained were making a full contribution to the war and that upwards of a million others could be similarly reclaimed if facilities were In the President the increasing participation of this nation in the war is resulting in military casualtes and will re sult in a greater Adequate provisions to meet the the President will re quire a strengthened and standard ized rehabilitation service under the federal security for both veterans and united scrap metal reite ated the pledge of Donald Nel War Production Board chair that all scrap metal collectei would processed ant made available to steel Nel son said that if the usual channel were not able to handle the flooi scrap the governmen if itself buy th scrap and start In all seriousness the nation con tinued its scrap salvage work a witness the decision of Asheville merchants to close thei stores next Employee will don work clean ou all the scrap in their buildings ani then go home and complete th scrap mopup in their Turn to Page 3 Chrysler Plant Operates Again 10 tion returned to normal today a the Chrysler big Jefferso plant after a oneday curtail ment attributed to a dispute ove a nosmoking The management said day shift employees walked out yester day in protest against a 24hou disciplinary layoff invoked agains 750 others for violating the regu A Chrysler spokesman sai workmen began smoking immed ately after reporting for duty i deliberate violation of the 25year old smoking Jack president of Chrys ler local United Automobil Workers denied there ha been a sympathy an said only men sent home by thei foremen left their He ad ded his opinion that the corpora tion had been very petty abou smokers and said th union planned to seek a conferenc with management representative regarding the smoking inal agreements on renegotiated erms would not be subject to sub equent reopening except in case if Unchallenged Contract any contract on which a renegotiation notice was not served by the government within a year and 60 days after the contractor md filed his cost would stand These provisions were designed to eliminate complaints of contrac tors that they were subject to mul tiple renegotiations which now could extend until three years af er the close of the Turnto Page 3 BRITISH EXPERTS AMAZED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oct 10 Flying Fortresses and Liberator from the greatest allied daylight attack yet launched against Hitlers war again have amazed British air who know from grim experience the hazards of daylight The return of all but four of the 100 United States bombers which stormed over occupied France with an escort of 500 allied fighter planes yesterday and unloaded tons of bombs on factories and railroad yards apparently erased any ling ering concerning the fort All of the fighters returned it was British air correspondents said the weight of the American attack far exceeded the best daylight ef forts of the Germans during the blitz of Fifty German bombers and 200 fighters over England in daylight then con stituted a big On the last day of the battle of the Germans sent over 500 planes in two groups of 250 each and lost at least 185 of The allied fighters reported shooting down at least five German fighters yesterday and the score of the bombers has not been tallied Allies Heavier Loads None of the German planes used against Britain could carry the loads which the fourmotored Unit ed States bombers transported to Lille The fortresses can carry three tons of the Lib erators The Liberators are faster than the but are not as for midable fighting craft as the fort which have proved them selves kings of the air in daylight The Liberator crews claimed the of seven Nazi fighters for the loss of one of AFL CONVENTION IS IN RECESS 10 American Federation of Labor convention was recessed today for the weekend while committees considering legislation and the executive council report held final meetings preparatory to reporting early next Matthew AFL vicepres ident and chairman of the resolu tions said his group would make a partial report on The subjects before that committee include labor in ternational labor racial and Indian Joseph counsel of the submitted a report late yesterday in which he re viewed the suit brought against the American Federation of Mu sicians by Thurman As sistant Attorney General in charge of the antitrust Padway said of all Arnolds at tacks upon organized labor he has never launched one so widespread and so definitely and completely destructive of organized labor as is his present attempt to destroy the American Federation of If Arnold prevails in estab lishing these I tremble at the consequences to organized Padway reported that only 35 per cent of the musicians in the country were steadily that coinoperated juke boxes in the country brought an income of and that an average of seven min utes of each 24 hours of radio time was given to live their own Fighter pilots call the American bombers the best bait ever put up for the German air force be cause the send up all available planes to stop The RAF and American fighters then get a chance at the German fight In recent months the RAF has tried everything in sweeps to en tice the German fighters into com but the only serious challenge was during the Dieppe The German radio broadcast a threat of reprisals for the Amer ican raid last but there was no The German high command earlier had issued a com munique claiming the destruction of 16 allied some of them Turn to Page 6 BULLETIN Oct 10 and infantry attacks so ferocious that observers believed them to be the German high commands su preme bid a quick decision in the battle of Stalingrad were re ported continued today and Red army troops entrenched for posi tional warfare against the Nazi flank northwest of the A front line correspondent of Iz vestia said there was every reason to believe that Hitlers field offi cers expected finally master the battered industrial but ttls expectation WM not Japs Take Worst Pounding Of Southwest Pacific War Russia Abolishes Commissar Setup In Armed Forces 10 abolished the political commissar system of her Red army today and ordered the military command to absorb the commissars as regular The supreme Soviet decree was signed by President A supplementary decree was is sued by the commissariat of de fense and signed by Premier Stalin to establish details of the reorgani Stalins order formally relieved the commissars of their which included direction of enter maintenance of morale and political in structed war councils to give them appropriate officers ranks within Company and battalion commis sars who already have had military training are to be promoted quick Commissars inexperienced in bat tle tactics are to be trained hi two month courses which the premier ordered organized by From 180 to 250 men will compose the student body at each such The personnel department of the Red army was directed to establish advanced courses by 1 for 200 regimental commanders and 600 battalion GENERAL MacARTHURS 10 W Douglas MacArthurs airjnen lashed out last night at the Japanese supply base at New spreading 60 tons of explosive and incendiary bombs among enemy supply bar racks and jetties in the largest single air raid yet attempted in the southwest Pacific by allied heavy The started fires that were visible for 80miles and underlined the statement of Navy Secretary Knox yesterday that the United States was on the offensive in the Australian ground forces mean while were pushing into the gap in the open Stanley mountains of New Guineain pursuit of retreat ing Japanese General MacArthurs headquart ers reported that our forward ele ments have contact with the enemys patrols in the MyolaTempletons crossing This area includes the feet up in the from which the trail drops sharply to ward the enemys advance base at a spokesman It was the first time in two weeks that allied forceshad been report ed in direct contact with the with drawing A spokesman said no large concentration of Jap anese had been The spokesman declared the raid on Rabaul was the most de structive ever carried out in this The including Fly ing flew through an in tense barrage of antiaircraft fire at a low altitude to reach the tar Sixty tons of explosives and in cendiaries were scoring direct hits on machine supply antiair craft and searchlight the communique All the planes Seeking to pin down air planes and supplies which the Jap anese might send against the Marines in the bombers under the command of George Kenney also raided Buka at the extreme northern tip of the starting many all the planes returned The bombers continued to pound at Japanese strong points in New Guinea and one formation dropped 16 tons of bombs on Japanese sup ply airdromes and other installations at Smoke and debris from the explosions rose hundreds of the communique Japanese planes made no tempt to intercept the allied air but the antiaircraft fire was In the Tanimbar Islands north of allied fliers attacked a merchant which had been damaged earlier off com pleting its the cora ufe i 106 LIQUOR BRANDS TO BE DISCONTINUED 10 ing the future doesnt look too bright for the purchasers of cheap Bertram secre tary of the State Liquor Control announced today that 106 items of liquor will go off the State store shelves by the end of The statement took the edge off more optimistic statements by Commissioner Felix Flynn yesterday that a two to five years supply of liquor was promised the commission by representatives of Davey said the distillers repott ed they would drop 106 items from the state retail stores as fast as current stocks are wiped out The squeeze will come mostly in cheaper spirit blends and young Davey while an adequate stock of bottled in bond whiskies apparently will be avail able some ;