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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - November 19, 1942, Adrian, Michigan DAILY TELEGRAM Rain Weather on Twin NOVEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 EXPERTS ANALYZE Figure It Will Take Them 3 Weeks to Get Ready for Another Guadalcanal Push OFFENSIVE POSSIBLE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS It will take the Japanese at least three weeks and possibly much longer to pull themselves together for another try at That was the considered opinion of naval experts today after a de tailed analysis of the staggering losses in men and eyuipment suffered by the enemy in last weeks These authorities were interested Jn but not unduly excited by he appearance of eight Japanese de stroyers off the north coast of New Guinea They said it was to be expected that enemy task forces would be encountered from time to they it requires considerable time and organization to assemble a major armada such as was beaten back last In the the delay will give United States forces an oppor tunity to replace their relatively small Josses and build up their strength for what Secretary Knox already has labeled round 3 com ing up of the battle for the Solo In it would not be surpris ing to many informed persons here if the marines and army troops on Guadalcanal took aggressive ad vantage of the enemys predica ment to improve their own posi tions which still encompass only a small area of land about the air port on the north coast of the The last report on land fight ing on covering activi ties of said the Unite States troops were conducting of Tensive operations on both thei eastern and Western Th failure of the alreadj to land any consid erable reinforcements in their big push last Friday anc Saturday would seem to leave thei forces open to especialK since it will be difficult if not im possible for them to obtain sub stantial supplies for some time t 2S Ships Destroyed The effect on future operations of the blow dealt the Japanese a as naval men here estimate it must be measured not only in ships sunk but also in men and material Eleven warships and eigh transports were sunk and fou cargo vessels which the Japs had beached were destroyed after thi Seven warships were dam But the sinking of the eigh ALLIES SUCCESSES RAISE FEARS OF COUNTER DRIVE ITAIirfcv SPAIN g SPAIN SARDINIA T SliiiiiiiiiS B J ALGERIA L if Success British and sympathetic French forces in two African war areas have led to fears again that Hitler might try drastic counter moves to outflank the One such move might be through Spain 1 and that nations sudden move to bolster its armies led to belief it was preparing to resist any such Nazi movements in Bal kans revived menace of drive 2 through Near East The British eighth army pushed to within 70 miles of Bengasi American forces and British first army drove into Tunisia 4 where Axis forces were bracing to hold Tunis and Bizerte and control the narrow strait off Parachutists were dropped in southern with Tripoli as their ARE M TO LAM Retain Designates Him Heir as Chief of State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS by transports involved the loss no only of the ships but also of thou sands of men who were to have been thrown into a gigantic drive to annihilate the Americans on Estimates by thi navy at both Washington and Hon olulu put the total number of Jap killed in the battle at to Yet even this does not tell the whole For such an armj must have huge stores of supplies and ammunition for even a brie and limited It must be equipped with machine guns and light artillery and probably heavy artillery and And all these stores and equipment also were los except for that small quantity which may havp been unloaded af ter the cargo ships were beached and before they were Those familiar with the prob lems of collecting and equipping such a force as the Japs lost sa that it requires weeks of the most carefully coordinated effort in the homeland arsenal as well as at the bases from which the attack is The Japs might be able to get together in three weeks enough ships and fully equipped men to form another expedition but that would depend on their having great resources at their na val base on Truk about 500 miles northwest of Guadalca Otherwise their task will be com plicated by the necessity of moving in men and supplies from other bases to the north and even from Japan itself and thus may require even more time than the minimum A first aid class for Adrian air raid wardens who missed the first aid work when it was given last spring and summer has been ar ranged by county air raid at Adrian high school beginning Rost of Blissfield will instruct the class and will be aided by a group of The class will meet November 24 and 27 and December 1 and 4 from S oclock to 11 oclock and it is expected that about 100 wardens will report for Ar rangements are being made for other air raid warden classes so that wardens may catch up on work that was missed when the regular courses were Letters have been sent to ward ens who missed the first classes by German Pierre Laval held powers oflife and death over Hie people of unhappy France to day through the Vichy Govern ments latest gesture toward the Nazi It was disclosed last night that Marshal Petain at a Tuesday cab inet meeting designated his heir as Chief of State and gave him full powers to write his own laws and British political observers were quick to declare that extended powers for fortunes and very life are pinned to his of ten affirmed belief in an ultimate Axis a logical de velopment They said it showed definitely that Petain is com pletely in the hands of the Ger mans and they put Laval Turn to LAVAL Page 20 GET HELP NEXT WEEK istration for A Books Pro ceeding Smoothly With registration for basic A gasoline books proceeding smoothly in county schools rationing board officials announced that mo torists who feel they must drive more than 240 miles a month could obtain help in filling out applica tions for B and C books on three days next Those desiring to apply for sup plemental B or C books may obtain the necessary blanks when they register at the schools for the A The registration for the A books will continue and to The New Jefferson and Washington schools in Adrian are open from 1 to 9 for Designated country schools will be open from 4 to 9 today and 3 Days Designated In assistance in filling out applications for B and C books may be obtained at the city hall from 9 to 5 Tuesday and Wednesday and also on Monday and Wednesday nights from 7 to 9 Robert civilian defense worker will be in In assistance may be fiad at Seegers store from 9 Lo 6 the same three In Tecumseh Wade village will give assistance from 1 o 5 each day in his In Clinton Foreman will assist at his office from 9 to 5 each day and evenings by appointment In Morenci no an nouncement was made concerning Arthur Turner is n At Hudson and Addison arrangements were being made by the school Other Applications Persons who use gasoline for pur oses other than driving will have o make a separate application for Gasoline used for tractor cooking lawn motor lamps and any other CONTROL CENTER PANEL IS SHOWN AT JACKSON TO DEFENSE OFFICIALS Ten Adrian most of whom are civilian defense offi attended a meeting last night in Jackson at which the new control center panels now be ing distributed to the communi ties of the state were demon Under the direction of Capt Donald state civilian defense a staff from state headquarters demonstrated the workings of the system which has been adopted here after its worth had been piovtd in Eng The panels are long boards on which the location and activi ties of each of the various defense organizations can be The meeting was attended by civilian defense officials from a number of southern Michigan The Adrian delega tion included Squire Com missioner Louis Sher iff Roscoe James Walter Fra Robert Ad Miss Edna Loveland and Ros coe Adrian will on of the pan els in the near the delega tion was FORCE IS BY HEAVY Allied Forces Close to Within 25 Miles of Buna Beachhead Rationing Permits Cup a Day for Each Adult mrpose will be issued on non highway The forms must be made out in duplicate and turned in at the ra ioning board office in the court The board will process the orms and issue E or R books from court A supply of the necessary forms is availableat the schools where automobile registra is now being or at the court Gasoline rationing will brng a stop to driving between summer and winter vacation accord ng to the But when ration ing goes into effect pecial rations will be allowed for car owners who are caught away rom their permanent Such will provide enough gaso ine to get the car Gasoline allowances will also oe made to ermit aji owner to move his car n the event of a bona fide change of These provisions the OPA officials will not allow rations for motor travel to I each summer or whiter homes are used primarily for vaca tion i SALE DATE IS 29 Retail sails of coffee will be halted at No vember 21 in a freeze order issuet the and when stores are again permitted to sell be ginning November ii will be under a rationing system allowing each person over 15 years old one pound for a five week per The freezing order on the sale of coffee was issued last The War Production Board directed the OPA to begin coffee rationing af ter it became apparent that the available coffee supply in relai stores was only 65 per cent of nor mal and insufficient to meet con sumer The present ra pound every five weeks enough to give every adul about one cup of coffee a The rationing1 system will be ad ministered locally through the county rationing Stamp 27 of the sugar ration book will be used by householc consumers for the first ration o acording to the Be ginning November 29 and through January 2 eligible consumers can buy one pound of roasted coffee on surren der of Stamp Stamp 27 is designated because of the convenience in detaching Stamp 28 will be the next valid Other valid stamps for the pur chase of coffee will be announced at a later Coffee can only be obtained by individuals who own War Ration books and whose age as shown on the books is 15 years or Those individuals who have reached the age of 15 since their books were issued are not eligible to buy Persons who have not received the sugar ration because they possess surplus will register at he rationing board after 21 for a book containing only those stamps assigned to ORE CONSUMPTION CLEVELAND 19 sumption of Lake Superior iron ore by warbusy steel mills reached an all time record of gross ions in At the same time lower lake supplies mounted to a new peak of tons on the Lake Superior Iron Ore Association reported The October consumption com pared with the of tons last In Septem er tons were melted and n October of For the year to date consump tion stands at an other new compared with tons to the same date in 194L Lower lake stocks of ore are more than four million tons ahead of the former record of ons a month and compare with tons a year j Extend Job of Bleeding Foes Armies to Death By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS their job of bleeding and blocking at the German the Russians have taken the initiative in Stal ingrad and in the to days battle reports The midday communique re ported no major changes anywhere but said that during the night our troops launched active operations and captured several enemy forti fications in southern A Red army unit also was credit ed with a fighting reconnaissance northwest of the city in which en emy trenches were broken into 60 Germans killed and others cap In a factory area of the Volga wrapped for two days in the Germans returned to the attack during the night bu were driven back with 200 killed the latest reports Soviet troops also were reportet in active operations which scorec some advance northeast of Tuapse along the Black Sea coast in the western Caucasus while 300 of the enemy to been killed in an arlillerysupportet infantry attack southeast of Nal chik in the The defenders also struck out the factory area at Stalingrad yes occupied several invader strongpoints and killed the Soviet midnight communique said For the past week the Germans had been attacking again and again on a narrow front in this try ing to break through to the Volga and secure winter quarters but al though they had paid with thou sands of lives they had gained onlj a A Berlin broadcast last night re ported that Italian soldiers on the Russian front already were estab lished in winter positions along the Don It said that this winter would find the Germans and their allies much better prepared in Russia than they were last winter The Russians reported the Ger mans beaten back in an attack in the northern Stalingrad area while northwest of the city Soviet troops consolidated their In renewed thrusts in the Moz dok area in the mid the Germans altackec behind a spearhead of 50 tanks but lost 17 of these and were thrown the Russians They re ported fighting still was continuing there last night with Red lines Southeast of Red army units raided a community held by the killed 200 and burned three the midnight battle re ports RESISTANCE SLIGHT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MACARTHURS American heavy bombers hunted through spotty weather today for a Japanese destroyer fqrce off the New Guinea coast near Buna while Allied forces closed within 25 miles of that Papuan Reports from Guinea did not indicate what job may have been assigned to the eight destroy ers deploying off although the noon communique said they apparently planned to aid the ground forces being pinned against the Observers recalled that in past operations the enemy generally has tried to hold positions rather than attempt naval evacuation when A notable was the entrance of a similar de stroyer squadron into Milne Bay on the southeastern tip of New Guinea last September when some remnants of their trapped and bat tered landing force were taken off 7 GERMAN TRANSPORTS BRITISH SAY 19 eighth armys forward troops were in contact with the Axis south of Bengasi a joint commu nique of the RAF and the British middle east command announced The vanguard of Mont gomerys forces were reported 24 hours befpre 10 have reached a point 70 miles from a ma jor port on the Libyan hump which has already changed hands four limes in the in pursuit of fleeing detachments of Marshal Rommels An tanker sailing westward off the coast of Tripoli tania on the night of 1718 was attacked by our naval air the communique Two direct hits amidships were scored with torpedoes and the vessel was reported to be burning Again medium bombers attack ed the Tunis airdrome and they were reported to have caused ex plosions and fires at that base tor SermanItalian infiltration of Tu Seven German transport air craft were shot down and at least three destroyed on the ground when our fighters attacked landing grounds in the Bengasi it was This action was coupled with a leavy attacki at dusk yes which started large fires In the Bengasi docks Two ships were reported left burning near the While the American and Aus tralian jungle fighters pushed cau tiously forward against little or no organized resistance outside General MacArthurs air men hit the enemy hard and of ten throughout the southwestern Pacific American medium bombers con tinued their destructive sweeps over the enemys steadily shrinking coastal foothold around bombing trooo positions and The B25s learned with Australian Beaufighters to renew the attacks on Lae and to the Guinea Japanese bases farther northwest on the New coast from which the beleaguered Buna garrison might be Australianflown Hudsons struck at Baucau on far to the and attack planes made a strafing sweep over Maobisse on the same Heavy and me dium bombers paid destructive calls on enemy airdromes ion New the big fellows smacking Rafeaul and the mediums taking Gasmata as their Allies Prepare For Push To Drive Axis Armies Out Of North Africa Reports German Military Leaders Are Beginning To Isolate Hitler 19 re sponsible foreign diplomatic source said today that an important group of aristocratic German military convinced that Hitler can not win the has begun to isolate the Fuehrer in order to establish themselves favorably with in the event of a peace or The foreign diplomatic source said leaders of the group included General Walther von who was dismissed as army com manderinchief last winter after counseling against Hitlers winter campaign against Moscow Field Marshal Fedor von who was ousted in the midst of the drive against Stalingrad this and their Both these gen erals are reported to have dis agreed with Hitlers Also included are Franz who like Von Bock want ed to withdraw the southeastern German armies behind the Don before it was too latethis fall Fritz Erich von Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt and Jo hannes Advices from usually reliable quarters inside Germany and oc cupied the informant indicated that two prime fac tors were behind the formation of the defeatist junta increasing dissatisfaction with Hitlers intu ition as a guide to and his steady Naziiication of the army and high Some members of the group were said to be deliberately pro voking Hitlers ire so as to be dis missed or relegated from places of responsibility in order to be able to blame him directly for the dis astrous last winter in They were said also to hold him responsible for the defeat of Rom Halsey Urges Soldiers To Kill Japs is the first dispatch from Normun Associated Press war since he arrived in The veteran writer fought in the first World War and in this war has wntched the action in Nor London and on North At lantic Landlords Have 15 to File Rents at Lena wee Office Malcolm Lenawec county rent control said today that approximately 000 landlords have filed rental ceil ings in his office in the Masonic Temple in accordance with a re cent OPA order which affects every piece of rented property used for living The exact number of rented properties in the county is not known but every landlord has un til December 15 to file the ceiling rental which is frozen at the ren tal charge made for I he property March Few complaints havp been re ceived from either landlords or tenants so Linehan The few tenants who have inquired what to do when landlords are charging rentals in excess of the March 1 figure were advised to pay only the amount paid March If further difficulties are en tenants are to enter formal complaints at the rent con trol Forms for filing rental ceilings are not Linehan and landlords should not have to pay any one to help fill them out An attorney who wUl handle le gal aspects of rental complaints will be appointed duringthe next few days by area rent officials in The rental forms may be obtain edfrom post offices in Te Addison and Blissfield in addition to the Adrian city hall and the Adrian rent control Only rented property in which living quarters are involved is af No rent ceilings for com mercial property are to be BOJIB JAP AIR BASE NEW bombers of the SAF loosed many bombs last night across the runway of a Japanese airdrome at in the Sittang river valley of and started a large a British communique said A Japanese night fighter which attempted to intervene was report ed damaged and driven This operation followed further raids Tuesday night upon the main Japanese air field at Rangoon and lie Magwe All RAF planes the communique Todays Map For a map of one of the keys to the turn to page 17 of todays By NORMAN LODGE Solomon Is 9 delayed Kill Kill more Vice Admiral Wiliam Halsey as he pinned medals on 13 fighting men on his visit to rain soaked Guadalcanal said their actions had shown that the way to win the war in this area is Kill Kill Kill more He had equal praise for all branches of the service declaring that the marines right here are beating the Japs on and it is ridiculous to say any one branch of any one service is going to win this It will be not any one branch of the navy or marine corps or army but the united ser vice The naval commander of the southwest Pacific termed the nav al situation fine from our point of He said his recipe for victory on the sea was similar to his advice to the troops on sink ships and sink more adding that maybe after all the carriers are our battleships still will be there to beat he will have a decided role in this war before it and I am an He said he expected no change in car rier design as a result of recent battles in the The vice admiral was interviewed by five correspondents One of them would you call this a second front This is definitely a first he Replying to questions about the work of the air force here Halsey theyre the most superb gang of men I ever dreamed I knew they were but they were so damned good it surprised even Of the navy and marine corps fliers here on Guadalcanal the only comparison is in the nerve of the The vice admiral made his visit to the accompaniment of light shells and the thunder of guns in the He described the men decorated today as very As he distributed the navy and flying crosses he told the Ive never been more proud in all my RESIGNS 19 43yearold dollarayear has resigned director of Canadas national selective service with a declaration that friction and obstructionism virtually par alyzed the The tendered Mon 3ay in a stiffly phrased 700word is effective mel in Africa on the ground that it might have been averted had he followed different tactics in south eastern Russia and taken early steps to reinforce the African forces with soldiers from the east ern Hitlers speech 8 indi eating that he planned an even more thoroughgoing Nazification of the army and further infiltra tion of SS men into the armed forces was said to have materially strengthened the hand of the group among oldUna army offi In that speech the possibility of defeat seemed to weigh heavily upon the Fuehrers for he said he would never flee the coun try if things went and he declared unlike the he would never give Allied victories in North continued bombings of Germany by growing Allied air power and the generally low morale of the coun try were said to be accepted by the group as signs of doom for Ger Alternatives The informant said the military group was betting on these alter natives In case of a stalemate or peace they will be able to elimi nate Hitler with Allied blessings and perhaps establish another gov possibly In case of outright German defeat they will be in a position by isolation of Hitler to ask the Allies to acceptthem as the nucleus of a new government and would seek to convince the United States and Britain that they should be left with sufficient military strength to constitute a German watchdog against The principal figures mentioned in the informants outline of the groups activities have been men tioned many times in previous ports of dissension in the ranks of the German high Von dismissed near ly a year has since been re ported called back by Hitler for consultation in various matters but has never been restored fully to his former Von Bock was reported to been removed from his command several weeks Berlin specific ally denied reports that he had been Von conqueror of has been mentioned in German announcements as leading troops on the Volga either as successor to Von Bock or as a local commander chief of staff of the German was reported to have been removed at the same time as Von Bock and replaced by Alfred who has been a special military adviser to Von withdrawn from the Russian was last report ed made overseer of all German defenses in the facing the channel and North a German hero of the Polish was reported several months ago living in retire ment in Paris or northern France where he had withdrawn after dis agreeing with BULLETIN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An American offensive to recap ture the Dutch East Indies was predicted today by Japans former Navy Ad miral Sankichi even as Washington naval quarters declar ed it would take Japan at least three weeks to rally after the great United States sea victory in the Solomon Islands The Americans obviously are planning to use the Solomons as a springboard for an offensive with a view to regaining the Dutch East Admiral iakahashi according to a German broad We must reckon with further heavy fighting in the President Roosevelt directed Mont gomery Ward and Company today to comply without further delay with a war labor board order that the big Chicago mail order firm should include a maintenance of membership clause in a contract with an employe The Chief in a letter to the companys Sewell said he considered such a course of action essential in the in terest of our war Montgomery Ward had rejected the boards banded down No vember which called for a union maintenance contract and also for compulsory arbitration and a guar anty of wages and working con ditions for a NEW German high command declared today that the resurgent Red army has gone from defensive warfare to violent new attacks in the Cau along the south of Stalingrad and on the Bybachi Peninsulaat the northernmost end of the RussianFinnish The Berlin radio broadcast ol the communique from Hitlers headquarters claimed that the at tacks had been but sug gested that they might be the pre lude for a new winter comeback drive by Soviet Attempt to Crush German Italian AirBorne Army Digging in at Tunis By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three of the toughest armies assembled by the United Nations since the start of the war converged on the BizerteTripoliBengasi triangle to day in fighting contact with Axis forces while Allied planes and par achute troopers built up air power in preparation for the final assault to wipe the Germans and Italians from North As the Americans and British squeezed the last Axis foothold from east and a motorized column of Fighting French was reported driving up from the Lake Chad base miles to the south to put the Lorraine cross of Fight ing France into the battle along with the tricolor of French North African garrisons which have join ed with the Sweeping back outlying Axis pa trols Andersons first army drove on into Tunisia from Algeria at several points in a sweep in tended to trap and crush the Ger manItalian airborne army re ported digging in at the and the big naval against proAllied French re Leaping ahead of Andersons ground American and Brit ish parachutists were seizing vital air fields for use by followup units of the United States Army Air Forces and the RAF which already were gunning their way through the Axis aerial The RAF laid down a bomb bar rage for Andersons while veteran squadrons engaged Axis bomber and United States flying fortresses turned their bomb sights upon the Axisheld Bizerte From the the British eighth army overtook therearguard of Rommels broken Africa corps south of within 160 miles of the El Agheila line where the commander is expected to try a new Ships Arrive At Tobruk Reuters said the Morocco radio reported that Allied supply had arrived at recap tured Tobruk to feed new force into the eighth armys Libyan The broadcast did not specify whether the supplies were shipped from west to east through the con tested or came the long way around Africa and through the Suez Longrange British bombers soar ed across the Alps overnight for their fifth atack this month on Italys ports and war This time the target was home of the royal arsenal and the big Fiat airplane Not a bomber was lost The Italians ac knowledged once more that damage was A Cairo communique reported a raid Tuesday night on the airdrome at and indicated that the air war had been extended again over Sicily where it said a German bomber was See MEDITERRANEAN Page 2 War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AFRICA Fighting driving up from Lake Chad in Central add back door attack on Axis al ready assaulted by twopronged AngloAmerican forces from Al geria and British Eighth Army crossing Eisenhower reports first phase of battle for Tunisia under way with advance including Yank para battering back German pa trols and Doolittles Flying Fortresses pounding Bizerte naval AERIAL RAF crosses Alps again to blast Fiat plane works at gets dictatorial powers through ap pointment by Chief of State Pe tain as his political lines unchanged but Russians take initiative in Stalingrad and PACIFIC Yanks expect three weeks respite to reinforce naval forces while routed Japs recover for round 3 in bombers prowl for 8 Jap destroy ers sighted deploying off New Gui nea as Allied jungle fighters edge forward in land drive on foes Buna AUCTIONS east at See on Market Auction southwest of Virgil See on Market Public auction southwest of Fred C AucL See on Market southeast of See on Market east of Olivet on Brookfield Frank See on Market ;