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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - November 18, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Coldef Wiatlter DetaUs on Fan Twrt NOVEMBER 1942 FILL FACTORY GAPS Adrian Employment Office Has 2 Main Labor Supply Sources Remaining VOLUNTARY PLAN FAVORED If Adrian war factories to get the many workers they need to keep up their end of the produc tion it will call for strict budgeting of the countys man power or a sweeping and speedy solution of the citys housing short age to provide living quarters for new Immediate solution of the housing problem seems The gaps in factory personnel will have to be filled from two main sources according to officials of the Adrian branch of the Employ ment The first source is found in the hundreds of men now employed in nonessenlial positions that in normal times were necessary but which in war time have been forced to take a back The second labor pool is com posed of women who already are flocking to industrial jobs in in creasing especially in the larger industrial Every man who registered for military service has filled out an occupational qu estionnaire in which they indicated their present occupations as well as any other talents or experience they may Those questionnaires have been filed at the Employment Senice office and already are be ing pressed into service to unearth new manpower Factory Work Suggested While it may not be true much job selection at the present time is on a voluntary Men who have been employed in gaso line whole sale concerns and other places which have or soon will feel the effects of war are being called into the employment service office where it is suggested that they take work in a So 33 persons have changed jobs at the suggestion of the serv A for who years ago was a cupola tender and then accepted a position as janitor in a public building here now has gone back to his cupola tending job in a plant that is working on war The War Manpower Commission and Congress have been toying with the idea of placing the nations la borers on a compulsory gram but so far program has not been put into effect on a na tionwide field representative of the Employment staled recently that labor ers in ten western slates where la bor pirating was menacing produc tion are Wing regulated to some extent and in all states agricultural workers are being frozen at their present work by government John manager of the Michigan Manufacturers Associa who spoke in Adrian last week opposes the compulsory work pro You cant get production by he told Lenawee The only way you can get efficient production is through good leadership and a fair pay Compulsion should be adopted only as a last that reason we should try every possible means to solve our manpower problems on a voluntary If the war continues more than a year or two and the labor short age stifles housewives may be told that their efforts are needed in factories more than in the Women form the chief source of labor and they have been proven to be efficient in handling tools for the arsenal of Right said Clifford manager of the Adrian some Adrian women who used to play bridge all afternoon are turn ing out tank and antiaircraft gun parts and liking Physical Bars Down All bars also have been let down which formerly kept elderly and handicapped persons out of In only a few ex treme cases do age and physical handicaps keep men and women out of the shorthanded As late as two months for in it was difficult if not im possible for a man with one eye to obtain factory Now the nations factories are hiring completely blind persons by the hundreds and tasks in which they can be oftentimes to an One bright spot in the picture is that the great hue and cry is for unskilled laborers although skilled workmen still are in If an unskilled person desires to learn a manufacturing he can do so through an NYA training pro gram and be paid while he is learn Arrangements be made through the employment service for transporting trainees to Toledo where they learn machine shop trades such as welding and general shop At first this training was offered to persons from 17 to 25 years Now persons of al most any age may apply for train Both Rice and Verner issued an appeal for all persons to take their employment problems to the employment service office at 118 West Church Street We are here to assist all employees and Rice II people will come to this office when they want to know when and where workers are we can advise them of Iheir best Turn to LABOR Page 6 PRICE 3 ALLIED FORCES CLOSE IN ON BUNA NEW GUINEA WAIROPI BRIDGE TUFI GOODENOUGH NORMANBY American and Australian forces have reached Awala from the and American forces are pil ing up from the south to close in on Japanese coastal base in Papuan New It was dis closed that General Douglas MacArthur and his General Sir Thomas Blarney and George have gone into the field to direct the campaign to push the Japs into the Some retreating took canoes and retreated along the Kumuii Allied warplanes strafed WILL TOTAL Hundreds of persons in this community who are members of Christmas Savings Clubs will soon be receiving their checks from Ad rian banks who are returning a to tal of this a fig ure slightly lower than the 000 last The 1940 checks to taled and in was mailed to subscribers of the In former the checks were prepared carrying a date of De cember in order to make the funds available early in the shop ping The checks will be mailed earlier this One bank is sending checks today and the remaining two will have their checks in the mail some lime next Christmas Club in many subscribe to the plan to handle such fixed expenditures as taxes and insurance or the pur chase of household Adrian Grade Schools Open from 1 to 9 automobile owners began registering today for gasoline which is to be gin in Michigan December All county schools were closed and rural teachers from all districts are assisting with the work in designated schols throughout the Other schools are operat ing on other adapted to the needs of their respective com but ail registration places will be open for three In registration began al 1 oclock this afternoon in five elementary The hours of registration here will be from 1 to 9 Thursday and Supplies were delivered to the rural schools of the counly yesler day by sheriffs officers and attendance without The state office of the OPA to day notified the county rationing board that all gasoline dealers and and intermediate distributors must register with the local board De cember 1 through December At the time of their they must present an inventory of their gasoline supplies as of December L The information came from Kenneth dis trict rationing As far as could be the registration of motorists for gasoline rationing was proceeding Motorists must have their automobile registration serial numbers of their tires and number of their automomile use tax stamp with them when they Application forms may be obtained at service stations and filled out in NATIONAL BANK PAYS The first liquidating dividend on shares of National Bank of Adrian stock is ready to be paid stockholders at the rate of a Checks to stockholders were to be placed in the mail tonight by Russell liquidating The first dividend onthe shares totals According to letters accompany ing the checks to the National Bank of Adrian has dis charged all of its known liabilities but still owns its building at 115 East Maumee Street and a few other The bank still has additional value and future dividends will be paid after the building has been dis posed Permission for the payment of the first dividend has been grant ed by the National Banking De partment The National Bank of Adrian sold its assets to the Lenawee County Savings Bank in Septem DAMAGE LOCOMOTIVES 18 fighter planes damaged a number of locomotives during sweeps in northern France and the air ministry reported Michener Demands Postponement Of Rationing of Gas New demands for immediate con gressional aclion lo delay nation wide gasoline ralioning have been presented to the House by Repre senlalive Michener Shouting that the people of Michigan wanted proof that ra lioning was necessary to conserve Michener said in a speech that we favored adoption of a re solution recommending postpone ment of rationing for three months from December This he will permit an investigalion whereby Ihe facls may be delermined It is not reasonable that the eco nomy of the entire country should be upset when there are other ways of protecting the rubber sit uation in certain Michener suggested that reduced driving speeds and other voluntary action would meet the require ments of rubber If gasoline rationing in every state is necessary to win the he then Ihe people whom I have the honor lo represent in Congress are 100 per cent for They to he who previously re quested the Office of Price Ad ministration lo delay rationing outside the declared thai hurried action would hinder rather than help the war1 In Michigan we have of and afe insistent that the immediate in voking of gas rationing will dose many small business will take away the livelihood of many traveling will almost put out of business many will entirely Ihe transportation melhod necessary lo carry on the manufacture of national defense Michener 18 ing of coffee lo Michigans reslau holels and other instilulion al consumers will slart Arthur slale direclor for the Office of Price Administra said loday in announcing the program lhal Ihe first allolmenl for institutional consumers would cover the lo Inslilutional consumers will reg ister for coffee purchase certifi cates next Tuesday and Wednesday wilh the rationing boards where they registered for Sarvis An inventory of coffee on hand at midnight Saturday will be re quired of each All coffee substitutes must be exclud ed from this Sarvis For the first allotment Sarvis an institutional user is entitled to an amount of coffee equal lo Ihe amount of real coffee used during September and Octo The amounl of inven lory on 22 is not lo be counl ed in Ihe coffee New establishments opening af ter 21 will be entilied lo one pound of coffee for every 60 meals which they expecl lo serve in Iheir first allotment Sugar ralion coupons will be used in Ihe household coffee rationing Sarvis LIQUOR PROFIT au ditors report showed today that the state liquor control commis sion made a net profit of an increase of 20 per in the fiscal year ending June while its operating expenses in creased only per The audit made by James C Finney asserted this is indeed a very small increase in expenses to pay for this decided increase in The increase in profits this year over the previous year was the report while expenses were up of which was in the state store AUCTIONS north of Linehan See on Market Furniture auction at Fred See on Market east of Holloway See on Market Auction southwest or Adrian Virgil See on Market Public auction southwest oi Fred C See on Market JAPS CANT STOP OFFENSIVE PLANS ASSOCIATED PRESS PEARL despite a mighty concen Iralion of air and sea power in the south has failed to shake plans for an American The Japs appear to have lost the initiative in that paying heavily in ships and General MacArthur has laken the field in New Guinea for a grow ing land offensive The great Solomons victory of 13 15 demonstrates clearly allied com mand of the sea and land in the Guadalcanal All Ihese things point to the shaping of plans to break into the greater Asia sphere of Japanese conquest and roll the enemy The comment by Admiral Nim commanderinchief of the Pa cific relative to future action that maybe it will be of our not Iheir is re garded as highly Those in cVfarge of operations point out there is a long hard fight ahead and there is no reason to as sume that progress will be made by leaps and Guadalcanal merely is an outpost of Japans area of Despite their the Japs still possess strong naval power and tremendous re sources of fighting Admiral Nimjlz commented they aresmart and do know how to conduct war and they are abso lutely ruthless with their own peo ple as well as Losses Japanese loss of life has been in the battle of the Coral Sea more than at Midway and perhaps between 000 and in the crumpling of the Guadalcanal hound invasion force as well as more than on But even this is far less crippling than losses in flying personnel and carrierbased It is known that Japan had available perhaps a quarter of a million fighting men as a southwest Pacific powerhouse hut the availability of rained pi lols for carrierbased planes is an other It is believed that an important part of the trained naval aviation strength of the Japs has been rie This may be the explana tion why no carriers were used b the Japanese in the showdown ef fort last Turn to PACIFIC Page 6 FIRE LOSSES DECLINE NEW IS National Board of Fire Underwrit ers reported today that October fire losses in the United States were sharply under the for October of last The the board was explained partly by ihe fact that in October of 1941 a heavy loss oc curred at Fall where a large amount of crude rubber i The October based on reported losses and an allowance for unreported compared with in September of this But He Warns That It Will Continue to Be an Uphill Fight LOOSE TALK ASSAILED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS dent Roosevelt sized up a fort nights good news from the bat tle zones last night as indicating that the turning point of Ihe war had been But he tempered his presented in a radio speech to the New York Herald Tribunes annual with cautious He said it would continue to be an up hill the there could be no coasting to vic and that it was no time for There is no time Roosevelt for anything but fighting and working to He described the encounter be tween Japanese and American war ships 13 to 15 as one of the great battles of our At a press conference earlier he said that the in which the navy listed enemy losses at 23 vessels against two of our light cruisers and half a dozen destroy represented a major It was the first time he had used the word major in referring to any of the battles in the Pacific Job Yet To Be Done Despite this crushing blow admin istered to a numerically superior Japanese the President said speech that a gigantic job remained to be He said bat tle lines stretching from Kiska to Murmansk and from Tunisia to Guadalcanal would lengthen as our forces Assailing loose talk and what he considered politicallyinspired criticism of the war the President said that persons with out access to all the facts almost inevitably speak from They do not know the he the value of their statements becomes greatly must we in the actual progress of the lend ears to the clamor of politics or to criticism from those as we know in our are actuated by political He said he himself had tried to keep politics out of the war but he confessed to making one That was in permitting announce ment of the loss of an unidentified aircraft carrier in the Pacific late last month when the Japanese did no know her A great issue had been raised in Congress and the Chief Executive over suppression news from fighting and he yielded to the He said he did so partly if the sinking had been disclosed two or three weeks it would have been charged publicly that he had suppressed the news until after the The President paid tribute to his former naval Rear Admiral Daniel who was killed in last weeks Callaghan was aboard the cruiser San Fran cisco which engaged and hit three enemy including a battle sinking one of COAL IS Coal is being rationed today in one sack to the Dealers said they had received few shipments since and that the supply of stored coal was One dealer said peo ple who have stored their winter supply may be asked to share wilh shivering plenliful in Ihe nearby also is nearly off the mar ket Woodcutters have taken jobs in war HARBERT JOINS AACR BATTLE one of the na tions leading money winners in golf tournaments for the past two has enlisted as a reservist in the Army Air Corps Reserve Corps of the Civilian Pilot Train ing program and will report for duty in Kalamazoo in he announced Presidents Request for Broad War Powers Develops Into Major Battle Roosevelts request for broad wartime power to suspend tariff and immigralion regulalions developed today into a major bat tle for the last days of the 77th Congress and the administralions first test of strength since the 3 A determined Republican drive lo block consideration of the meas ure gathered headway as the House Ways and Means Com mittee called several topranking government officials lo discuss the need for such Among those asked to appear were War Production Chief Don ald Attorney General Francis Undersecretary of War Robert PI Assist ant Secretary of the Navy James Rear Admiral Emory chairman of the War Shipping and Milo chairman of the Board of Economic The designed to to Ihe extent required for the af fective prosecution of the the free movement of proper ty and information into and out of the United was inlro duced by Chairman Doughton at Ihe Presidents it would give the Chief Executive the aulhorily to suspend in whole or in those laws or regulations which in his opinion interfere wilh the war effort by imposing tariffs and taxes on imports and and those regulating the entrance and departure of even as the committee called ils executive oppon ents raised a protest that the measure would go much that it constituted a step loward that it would break down the tariff and immi gration The time is too short between now and the end of this session to give this measure the considera tion it declared Knutson a member of the The he has all the powers he needs to prosecute the I will fight any attempt that is made to get the committee to report it out this Hitler Reported Massing Fleet Of Warplanes To Defend North Africa MOT K LOST Say 8 Cruisers Were Sunk in Solomons Battle 1 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW an nounced today that one of her bat tleships was sunk in the latest bat tle of the That which the United States navy previously had an nounced and which Tokyo could conceal no and Japans acknowledgement of the re port that a second battleship was damaged attested to the magnitude of the American The sunken whose name and class the Japanese with was the first the enemy hss announced as sunk in the The announcement appeared in a broadcast by the Tokyo which went further than any before in admitting Jap anese naval still were less than have been announced by the United States and communi que also tried to soften the picture of Japans reverse in the vital struggle for the Solomons bases by claiming to have struck even heavier blows to the American squadrons than the navy has Imperial headquarters also listed a Japanese cruiser and three de stroyers sunk or damaged and seven transports Against this total of 13 vessels sunk or with the navys preliminary an nouncement the total was 30 vessels sunk or Jap anese claimed the casualties in flicted by them totalled 13 or 14 vessels sunk and 11 or 12 Against the latter figure stands the navys announcement of the loss of two light cruisers and six with one night engage ment yet to be 41 Jap Planes Lost The also announced the loss of 41 planes but claimed to have shot down or otherwise de stroyed 74 more rival Imperial headquarters isiued its version the third Solomons naval battle after the Tokyo abetted by the German and Italian had trumpeted in advance to the world that another bombshell announce ment was In comparison with previous Japanese versions of other naval engagements in the Pacific the bombshell element was lacking for anyone but the Axis since the real surprise was the Japanese admission to have lost a The navy earlier this week said the spearhead of the invasion force which attempted to batter its way to the shores of Guadalcanal was composed of two battleships of the Kongo class and presumably it was one of these two which was Turn to JAPS Page 6 JAPS CONTINUE TO FALL BACK TOWARD BUNA By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MACARTHUR3 Japanese forces continue to fail back toward Buna but their force has reemerged in an effort to harass Allied columns closing re lentlessly on that Papuan todays communique Latest reports from the New Guinea front said advanced Allied ground now directed in the field by General were pushing on toward the coast from only 30 trail miles from without meeting serious op In their first allempt in some weeks lo challenge Australian and American air command over New a formation of 18 bombers and fighters attacked advanced Al lied ground units Monday in the Buna area and sank two trawlers along the But the Emperors airmen got better than they gave as American B25 medium P40 fight ers and attack planes twice swept over the enemy air field at northwest along the coast from Buna and destroyed seven bombers and seven fighters on the ground and one zero that attempted inter Heavy bombers of the southwest Pacific command again carried the attack to Japanese bases in the Solomons setting fire to a large merchantman at Rabaui New and destroying three enemy aircraft on an airdrome runway in the BuinFaisi area oi the northern In the northwestern sector of this great war medium bombers attacked the enemyoccu pied towns of Maobisse and Bo bonaro on the island of BULLETIN Ministry of Economic Warfare an nounced today that the Allies had acquired between and 000 tons of merchant shipping as a result of their entry into North Registration Periods Set 18 President Roosevelt fixed three separate registration periods today for youths who have reached or will reach their 18th birthdays in the last half of this By he set the week beginning December 11 and ending December 17 for draft reg istration of those who became 18 n July and Young men who reached that age in September and October will register in the following week and those who became 18 in November and December will register in the starting December 26 and closing December Roosevelt also provided for continuous registration on their Birthdays of youths who become 18 on or after next January If the birthday falls on a Sunday or they must register the next This will be the sixth draft reg The on June covered young men who already were 18 or 19 and those who had become 20 since the preceding reg Roosevelts proclamation said the new registration and the others which had been held were advis able to insure final and over the enemies of the United The new registration will take place simultaneously iri the United and Porto with daily registration hours fixed for 9 to 5 Local Lale registralions will be per mitted for those unable to present themselves during the stated periods because of circumstances oeyond their The Chief Executive asked that all employers give their workers sufficient time off to complete their To Reclassify Registrants Selective service headquarters re vealed today that local boards had been instructed to reclassify all registrants heretofore deferred be causeof conviction of No more deferments are to be made on this ground unless the registrants are completely disqual ified morally and are not eligible for a waiver under the new army the boards were The army has authorized waivers in especially meritorious cases even for men who have served terms for arson and other crimes if their con duct has been fitting for at least six months after their release from The local boards were told to ask army waivers for these men and others with less serious records if they were otherwise available for military and to order their induclion if the army grants the The bpards further were told that in cases where men thus reclassi fied and needing no waiver were under or sus pended they should ask the proper civil authority to surrender custody of the men for the period of military In another draft a critical shortage of physicists has been recognized by the War Man power Commission and selective and the latter agency dis closed today new procedure for ob taining draft deferment for persons in that A national commitlee has been set up wilh authority to investi gate physicists whose deferment has been requested by a college or other employer on the ground that he has special training and skill and is a necessary man in his work Committee May Appeal If the committee agrees the man is it will endorse the ap plication for his deferment and re turn it to the mans local board The committee may appeal if the local board nevertheless classifies the man as available for military service or for assignment to work of national Selective service said similar pro cedure would be employed in other scientific and specialized fields where critical shortages develop and national committees will be set up in those Selective Service Director Lewis Hershey announced loday that men deferred as essential farm workers must get approval of their draft boards if they wish to leave their jobs or else be classified as available for immediate military This applies to married men with children as well as to all others Hersheys aides and is effec tive The regulation was revealed in an announcement of instructions sent by Hershey to local boards covering provisions of the new draft act which lowers the mini mum age to The IS and 19yearolds who reg istered last June 30 are to be called for induction in the order of their birth dates so far as practicable with the oldest being called Regulations governing registra tion of those who have become li sinceJune 30 or attain that age in the future are to be proclaimed by President Turn to DRAFT Page V READY FOR British Parachutists Land in Tunisia Americans Ready to Strike By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS was reported massing a fleet of more than planes in southern Ita Sardinia and Sicily in an attempt to defend last Axis aases in North Africa today as the Nazicontrolled Paris radio an nounced that German troops had captured Bizerte in The Germans boasted that they were established and ready to fight for the important Tunisian naval base against a powerful Al lied force whose advance guard nas already deep in where British parachutists had landed at key airdromes and American parachutists were poised on the The Tunis radio went off the air after giving the explanation Mon day morning that its silence was intendedto save and this suggested a possibility that para chute operations might even have been brought close to the Tunisian capital which the Axis had an nounced was in its Using the Nazicontrolled Paris radio as their the Germans announced today that they had captured Bizerte and es tablished themselves firmly The broadcast said nothing of Tu whose occupation along with Bizerte had been reported Axis ommuniques two days And he use of the word captured seemed to refute the Nazi propa ganda line that they moved in to defend their French compatriots and met only cooper ation from the With German troops camped on Spains northern doorstep and powerful AmericanBritish forces arrayed across the norraw Gibral tar Strait to the General Francisco Franco authorized par tial mobilization which may dou ble or the present Spanish army of about Private advices reaching New York indicated that Spains move to mobilize sea and air rein forcements was a bona fide effort to avoid rather than any step toward military cooperation with the Transported By Americans British parachutists were taken to their Tunisian airdrome objec tives in American transport planes escorted by Reuters said some of the parachutists landed close to an important key town in but none of the reports identified the positions American men who helped take the Algerian na val base at said to have landed in a swift operation at an Algerian airfield near the Tuni sian Allied sources were silent on the progress of the advance into Tu but there was nothing to in dicate that opposition had been en countered from the were said to have resisted Axis occupation of Tunis and Bi zerte with what force was at their In Algeria and Morocco the administeringtheir own civil were cooperating closely with Eisenhowers mil itary See MEDITERRANEAN Page U War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS par achute troops swarm down on key points in Germans claim Bizerte captured and Axis firmly established Hitler report ed massing fleet of planes in southern Italy and Mediterranean Spain mobilizes additions to army of advance to with in 70 miles of Bengasi in pursuit of Rommels tattered Alexander reports only 15 of 500 Axis tanks escaped destruction in predicts Rommel would at tempt stand at strong defensive positions in El Agheila Rommel himself reported in Tuni admit loss of 12 other vessels sunk or damaged inSolomons but claim 13 or ships sunk and 11 or 12 Japs fall back before allied drive against New Guinea base at Enemy planes attack allied ground American bombers and fighters de stroy 15 Japplanes at gain in new of fensive near Nalchik in but yield slightly in where German casualties Bitter fighting reported on northern front near WEST dis patch quotes Vichy broadcast as reporting military mission enroute from Dakar to alliedoccupied North hinting strategic na val base in French west Africa may fall to allies through negotia ;