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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 27, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Continued Cool OD MAY 1942 PRICE 3 FORT DEUHCE Attacked While Patrolling Martinique Waters 10 Crew Members Missing DAMAGED IN CARIBBEAN SIX OTHERS ARE INJURED British West Indies May 27 torpedoing of the United States Blakeley Monday within the territorial wa ters of the French island of Mar tinique served today to emphasize the increasing tempo of the war in the Caribbean The lying disabled in the neutral port of Fort de France reported ten crew members missing and six others in jured by the torpedo de livered while she was patrolling Martinique waters under an agree ment between the United States emissaries and the French gover nor Admiral Georges Rob The State Department in Wash ington would not comment on the torpedoing of the Com ment also was withheld on the status of the Blakeley in the neu tral Washington sources familiar with international law pointed out that the customary procedure is to allow such a disabled belligerent ship to remain long enough for emergency repairs enabling her to put to sea The ship reached port under her The identity of the submarine could not be learned It was the first time an armed vessel of the United States Navy had been attacked in that In March it was disclosed that a German submarine entered the harbor of Fort de France on 21 and very nearly precipitated seizure of the island by the United The Vichy government then gave categorical assurances that it would not permit Axis submarines or warplanes to visit any French ports or territorial waters in the Western Hemisphere under any OMalioney ballsit Ratd on Treasury May 27 UP Administration leaders expressed confidence today that the Senate would approve a pending price sub sidy bill by despite un expectedly strong Senator Brown in charge of the bill on behalf of the Senate banking said he hopeful the measure would pass during the but acknow ledged he had not expected the opposition which developed yester day when he first presented it to the Senator OMahoney DWyo called it a raid on the Treasury and Senator Wheeler DMont re ferred to the measure as one of the most absurd things ever pro posed by the government of the United The bill would empower the Re construction Finance Corporation and the Commodity Credit Cor at the request of the price to make sub sidy payments to assure distribu tion of certain essential commodi ties where rising such as may threaten to push through price Brown told the chamber that in such cases it was necessary either to lift the with a resultant danger of or give finan cial help to the business The RFC and CCC would also be empowered to buy and sell commo dities to effectuate the price con trol with express permission to sell any article at a The bor rowing power of the RFC would be increased by for this and other purposes while the CCC would be authorized to borrow an additional ASKS THE CLOSING OF CENSORSHIP LOOPHOLE May 27 Byron director of censor has asked Congress to close a censorship loophole through which information may reach the enemy because communications to the outlying territories and possessions remained free from He asked that the first war pow ers act of 1941 be amended to ex tend the authorityof censorship to communications between the con tinental United its territor ies and possessions and enemy opunteies between the United States and its territories or or between the terri tories and possessions Under exiting he said in a letter to Speaker Rayburn the censorship authority was established on communications betwaen the United States and any country with the intention of censoring international commu The loophole which makes cen sorship of international communi cation difficult to Price was contained in the sec tion making the provision apply only to communications between the United States and any foreign The Navy announced that the World War destroy Blakeley had been damaged by an enemy torpedo in the Caribbean Sea but had reached port with ten crew members missing and six The Blakeley was the first combat ship reported attacked in the SpanishAmerican War Vets in Charge of Parade Arrangements for the annual Decoration Day parade in Adrian which this year has been arranged by the SeymourHowell Camp of the SpanishAmerican War Veter have been accord ing to Ernest commander of the The parade will form at the Adrian armory at and will move at 10 according o John officer of the At the SpanishAmerican War Veterans Auxiliary will con duct at the bridge over the River Raisin on West Maumee Street in memory of naval war The Spanish War veterans will conduct services at the boulder at the The parade will then move east to Monument Park on East Maumee Street where services for the Civil War dead will be con ducted by the Womens Relief The parade will reform on Maumee Street and proceed west o Broad north to Butler Street and then to the boulder on the court house where the American the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the Disabled ces of the World War The parade will then return to the armory to Meyer has announced the ine of march as follows police es the Adrian City city Michigan State massed colors of all patriotic or members of Seymour lowell Camp Spanish American War members of Annis Fint Post of the Veterans of For eign Disabled American Vet American Legion Drum Corps and members of the American members of the Funior American cars for Civil War Gold Star Mothers and Womens Relief all womens the Amer can Red the Adrian high school Boy Scouts of Camp Fire Salvation Army and the student body at Siena Heights All sailors and Marines rom the present armed forces of he United States who are home on eave are invited to march in the Meyer Says Army Has the Worlds Best Leadership NEW May 27 t from The Old Man of Hanson the United States Army now has the finest the jest equipped and trained officers n A damned fine bunch of offic commented the muchdecorat ed who had opportunity to observe most of both in the leld and during his assignments at the General Staff School and the Army War Among these the general recalled in an interview yesterday ivas James Doolittle who ed the recent successful bombing expedition over 21y said that once he had to place Doolittle under arrest back in 1930 when Ely was commandant of the 2nd Corps Area with headquarters at Governors Doolittle landed a plane at Gov ernors Island against Army orders and was hustled off to the guard General Ely grinned as he recall ed his lecture to Doolittle you may be the best damned flyer in the but you arent worth a tinkers dam to this army unless you can obey Speaking of the Armys present Ely said the officers minds were not cluttered up with Aornout ideasof the World nor were they shuttled around by Army REPORTS SHIP SUNK NEW May 27 American Swedish news agency re ported today that the Swedish for eign office had announced the tor pedoing and sinking of the Swedish gross The crew of 34 was rescued and taken to a Canadian Wrestle With Service Pay PI ans By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May gress strove to extricate itself from conflicting ArmyNavy and depend ents allotmentallowance proposals today with the House attempting to decide whether the basic month ly pay of men in the armed services shall be raised from 521 to or to On the House leaders depend the final rates of pay de ductions and government allow ances for fighting mens dependents and also whether the government would pay part of a service mans life insurance The House was called to con sider a joint conference committee report fixing the base pay at The House previously had over ridden its military committee and voted for after the Senate had adopted the Turn to Page 6 Pledged in Drive Quota Raised for the the recent history of the Adrian Community Fund the annual campaign for funds has overshot its At the end of the spring drive April 18 the workers were short of their goal of but this years campaign man reported last night at the annual meeting of the board of di rectors at the that now had been raised for Solicitors were spurred on to reach the goal even after the weeks drive ended by the knowl edge that an Adrian factory would give if the fund reached the mark and the last when was Officers to take over duties July were elected at the meeting last Rush was elected filling the position Russell McAfee has held for two Other officers named were Leon first vice president Herbert sec jnd vice president Gra and Joseph Libs reported more than has already been paid in cash on the new The money from the Adrian Community Fund is divided be tween the Salvation Associated Boy Scouts and Camp Fire Schedule Arranged for City by Chief Warden A series of schools for Adrian air raid wardens was arranged today by chief after conferences last night with city precinct The schools will begin Two lessons are planned next They have been so arranged that wardens unable to attend a school in their own precinct may make up the lesson at another The lessons will include instruc tions concerning the different types of what to do during a gas at the organization of the air raid warden how to in struct what to do during air raids and how to make reports on the damage principal of the junior high is preparing an outline to be used to teaching the courses from ma terial used by Paul Johnson of Tecumseh in the lessons he has given Adrian precinct wardens and also from instruction material pre pared by civilian defense officials in Kuney today emphasized the importance of the wardens at tending the Last night a group of about 200 wardens from the city county saw moving pictures tot air raid warden activi ties and auxiliarypolice as well as pictures of the bombing of London at the high They were official civilian defense pic tures and were shown by Michigan State Police from Meth ods of extinguishing fire bombs were The last lesson for the precinct air raid wardens will be held Thurs day night at the city hall at 8 The various air raid warden schools next week all will begin at The schedule for next week follows June and ninth precincts at Washington Fifth and sixth precincts at Lincoln June and eighth precincts at Garfield First and tenth precincts at New McKinley June and third precincts at New McKinley Eleventh and twelfth pre cincts at Garfield Second lesson for fourth and ninth pre cincts at Washington Second lesson for fifth and sixth precincts at Lincoln June lesson for seventh and eighth precincts at city Second lesson for first and tenth precincts at New McKin ley Turn to Page 13 County Shows Increased Interest In Proposed New Health Unit This is one of a series of articles unit that will appear from time to time discussing the proposed new health for Lenaivee county and the progress made by health units in other By PURVIS Lenawee nestling as it does as a sort of island in the State of Michigan as far as matters of public health are is showing definite signs of awaken ing and exhibiting newfound in terest in aiding and preserving the general health of its Agitation for a public health unit in this county an old story and until lately it has fallen on deaf Public response was lacking and the Lenawee board of super visors turned thumbs down or ignored the whole proposition just as many times as it was brought Now a renewed effort is being and it has the organized jacking of many civic organizations liroughout the The iriat er has been brought more bluntly nto the public with the war serving as a strong contribut ing The board of supervisors finally has taken up the proposition and a committee was appointed at the April session to make a thorough nvestigation and report back at he June session with recommenda Mayor Lundahl of Adrian is head of the committee and al ready he has been besieged with etters from individuals and organi zations endorsing the public He and his commit tee are studying plans now and are to visit Hillsdale countys model health unit next Members of the committee along with Lundahl are John Cal houn of Raisin township Rollo Conlin of Franklin Zimmerman of Medina township and William Seager of Blissfield Turn to Page 6 FLYING TIGERS BOMB JAPS SUPPLY BASES May 27 ers of the American Volunteer Group caused considerable damage in machine gunning and bombing attacks yesterday on Japanese sup ply bases on the BurmaYunnan it was announced A communique said Two flights of AVG planes in the afternoon yesterday bomb ed and machine gunned Japanese supply bases on the BurmaYun nan Pilots saw their bombs cause considerable The AVG planes encountered no All pilots returned AVG planes the previous after noon had raided fortified Japan ese positions in Yunnan west of the Salween The west bank of the Salween at present is the limit of Japanese encroachment in to Reds Pound Enemy Clinging to New Positions on Kharkov Front WAR FLARES ANEW By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May Red fighting with its back to a has brought the German of fensive in the IzyumBarenkova sector to a standstill in the most important sector and has gained new ground in immediate counter the Russians reported to Simultaneously the Russian forces about 80 miles northward continued their persistent pound ing of the Germans who are cling ing to new positions on the Khar kov While the deadly conflict in the Ukraine thus progressed after two furious the Arctic end of the front also quickened to The Germans renewed their ef forts to bomb an entry port for supplies from the United States and and fresh Nazi troops were concentrating in the northern Red Russian navy said that six German planes were downed and six damaged in large scale air battles over the approach es to Murmansk and that land ar tillery of the northern fleet bomb ed 11 underground shelters and numerous other winter quarters where Nazi soldiers were Tank Battles Continue In many sectors of the Kharkov front tank encounters with the Germans sending out groups of 20 to 30 machines and the Russians meeting them with equal so that the Ger mans are holding their positions only at immense the ar my organ A twoday battle has resulted in the repulse of German efforts to drive a wedge into the ftussian lines near while in an other nearby spot the Germans failed to recapture a village in a twoday combat with the re port While these dispatches indicated that the Ukraine conflict raged others suggested that it was a breathing spell by comparison with the titanic struggle of the past two weeks in which the Russians press ed hard on Kharkov and blocked German counterblows against their left It reported that lines guarding Marshal southern wing in the Kharkov drive again had fought off diver sionary thrusts by the invasion command of Lieut Viktor von In the IzyumBarvenkova di it our troops re pelled violent enemy tank and mil itary Possibly referring to the same dispatches from the front said Nazi parachutists had been picked off before they could land and that fire from Russian small arms caused three of Hitlers troopcarrying transport planes to Turn to Page 13 Studies Increasing Excise Taxes Or the Approval of Sales Tax May 27 The House Ways and Means Com concluding revisions of the estate and gift tax decided today to tackle next the question of whether try to raise in new revenue by increas ing excise taxes or by approving a sales Members said that as soon as they voted on estate and gift tax rates they would take up the prob lem of raising taxes on such things as trans portation and which Secretary Morgenthau rec ommended last March 3 as part of an overall tax The committee deferred until to day a vote on estate arid gift tax Considers Call To Draft Those I 1820 Into Army May 27 IP The Administration considered to day a call to Congress to draft younger fighting of 18 to the There was no indication of how soon a decision might be but President Roosevelt disclosed at his press conference late yester day that he would confer shortly with Lewis selective service on whether to ask for the necessary change in the selective service The present law exempts those under 20 from How the 1820 year category is to register June 30 under the nations manpower The 18 and 19yearolds were subject to the draft in the closing weeks of the World War and the Army today is in the midst of a drive for enlistments from those age But opposition to the drafting of under20 youths has arisen among Senator Hill DAla and Senator Shipstead RMinn are among those who have criticiz ed the For this war there is talk of an army of or Se lective service registrations up to the outbreak of the war brought enrollments of more than 000 men between 21 and The first wartime on Feb ruary added more than 000 more to the roll and brought in all men between 20 and Some of the noncombatant 45 to 65 age category signed up on April The June 30 registration of 1820 yearolds is expected to total about Of this number will have reached the age of 20 since the last registration and hnrice will be eligible for immed iate military The Senate Military Committee yesterday recommended that Class 3 include only two groups Regis trants with wives or children or wives and and those with purely financial dependents after amounts payable under proposed dependency allotments are consid The committee held that these two groups should not be touched until all 1A have been in Believe Allied Air Smash Being Planned To Pave Way For Invasion Of Europe See Signs of Formidable Land and Sea Move May 27 Diplo matic sources said today there were gathering signs that the Axis was preparing a formidable land and naval move in the Mediter Tightly wound in Nazi they were the massing of 300 Italian troops along the French Vichy Chief of Govern ment Pierre Lavals discussions with his naval chieftians and a steady flow of supplies to German Marshal Erwin Rommel in North Africa as a result of Maltas de creased usefulness as an air base in the past three At the same the British communique in Cairo reported to day that Axis columns in North including had pushed eastward toward the British main This was the first men tion of any movement in strength after a long lull on the desert front restricted to minor artillery and patrol The Italian demands on France for Nice and Tunisia were described by these diplomatic sources as based either on Musso isdesire to pluck a plum from the Axis conquests or to exact a higher price for sending troops to the Russian Nothing Italy is done without German one observer She is as much a vassal state as The possibility of an Italian in vasion of France generally was dis counted and the theory was offer ed that revived Italian territorial clamor was part of German pres sure to wring new concessions from the Among these were mentioned ef forts to obtain use of French naval forces at Toulon and the Tu nisian port of Bizerte in Mediter ranean rates after agreeing tentatively to the Treasury recommendation that a single estate exemp tion be substituted for the present two exemptions of for life insurance and for other Morgenthau has1 asked that the rates be increased materially in order to produce more As the committee approached the excise tax members said that the Treasurys original esti mates would have to be revised in eht light of recent For they reasoned that the suggestion that a doubling of the 1 cent gasoline tax could not be expected to yield the originally estimated in view of East coast They that the law of diminishing returns and the recent announcement that the distilling industry was being converted to production of industrial alcohol might nullify Morgenthaus re quest to raise the distilled spirits tax from to a gallon to raise On the other the commit tee has been told that a 5 per cent general retail sales tax covering all commodities would produce But the members are far from agreement on whether they should choose a retail or a manu facturers or what such as food and should be A majority of the committee ap peared to favor some form of sales tax two months ago but a shift in sentiment has left the situation in Many members said a fi nal decision probably would not be taken until the committee more nearly completes the big when the places were the overall pro gram hits hardest could be deter mined more Late Bulletins May 27 fight for position in Libya burst into a sudden Axis bid for the initiative with a strong armored force sweeping deep around British posi tions to Bir 40 miles south of Ain El where bat tle was joined by British tank forc London military commentators said Marshal Envin Rommels rein forced Nazi desert army had start ed an offensive of some sort but added that it was too early to judge its May 27 officers of the CIO were accused of sabotage and treason to the principles of labor today in a reso lution submitted to the policy com mittee of the United Mine May 27 United States transmitted to China today proposals for a lendlease agreement similar to that with Great May 27 first sinking of a New England fishing vessel since the war began and the killing of one of her 21man crew by shellfiro from an enemy subma rine was described by survivors up on their arrival at an Atlantic Captain Daniel who has been a fisherman since he was and his men were as anxious to get back to sea as they were con temptuous of the submarine crews Eighten of the 20 survivors were from Greater Bos one from and another from May 27 said today it had recorded a Berlin broadcast reporting that Reinhard 2 man in the German had been wounded in an attempt on his life at Prague May 27 IP President Roosevelt proposed to Congress today the appropriation of an additional for war housing to meet the mini mum needs of the work ers migrating to war centers dur ing the year beginning July Congress previously had appro priated for construc tion of living quarters for war May Seek House Vote on War time Wage and Hour Controls By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May gressional advocates of restrictive labor legislation studied today the at tempting to gain a House vote on wartime wage and hour controls when it considers a bill making la bor unions liable to prosecution under the 1934 antiracketeering One southern ac tive in the fight for a showdown on the said he was exploring the parliamentary technicalities of the subject to find out whether an at tempt to broaden the measure to include wage and hour restrictions could be blocked on points of or The setting up stiff penalties for interference with interstate was approved by the House Judiciary Committee yester day over the opposition of spokes men for the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of In dustrial Smith author of several bills to curtail union activi ty during the declared that he was opposed to jeopardiz ing the chances of the measure by loading itdown with any addi tional labor a member of the rules also expressed belief that any attempt to broaden the bill through riders covering wages or hours would be thrown out on the ground that they were not ger mane to the antiracketeering Hobbs Drafted Measure The newly approved measure was drafted by Hobbs While it does not mention labor unions as he said that it was designed to offset a recent supreme court ruling that unions were beyond the scope of the 1934 act That ruling was handed down in a New York teamsters Turn to Page 13 Transportation In Detroit Is Interrupted May 27 and street car service on Woodward Avenue and Second Avenue lines was tied up for 35 minutes this morning when members of the Amalgamated Association of Street Car Employees AFL objected to assignment of a nonunion coach driver to the Woodward The dispute ended when the William signed a union Fred vice president of division 26 of the said there were only 40 eligible drivers and street car men who do not be long to the Theyve got to join or they wont he There is no reason why they should let the rest of us pay the Myron DSR district estimated that 110 coaches and 30 street cars were thrown off schedule during the dis By THK ASSOCIATED PRESS Mar Brehon Somervell arrived here today to round cut the United States military mission conferring with British war and Lon commentators expressed the belief that a united air assault was planned to pave the way for a fu ture allied landing on the German occupied continental General Somervell is assistant chief of staff of the United States army heading the supply which is charged with handling the thousands of tons of clothing and munitions needed to keep any major expeditionary force in the Brigadier Generals Leroy Charles Gross and William Lee accompanied Plans for a combined Anglo American attack on the Axis pow ers are being the Daily Telegraph It can confident ly be predicted that one outcome will be a great intensification of the air attack on Germany from the The Daily Mail said a liaison sys tem which both the United States and the RAF have stated to be wholly acceptable has been drawn providing for separate opera tion of the air but that co ordination in strategy such as the selection of bombing targets would be The Daily Express said the Americans have numbers of dive which many military experts regard as essential to fur nish close support for any ground operations in modern Britain has few such The United States officers con ferred with the corresponding offi cers in Britains sea and land The American mission is headed by Lieut Henry head of the army air and Rear Admiral John chief of naval AT LANSING PLANT Theory of Sabotage Generally Discounted May 27 Army Ordnance Department officials and the Federal Bureau of Investiga tion today continued investigation of an explosion yesterday at the war productiongeared Fisher Body Corporation which claimed three but theory of sabotage generally was Company officials here said they had been forbidden to issue a state ment of any A company spokesman said that the which blew a gaping hole in a brick wall and toppled a balcony had occurred in a section in partial operation but that it would not interfere with war material He admitted that three mea were killed and four injured in the but said that three of the injured employes were able to resume work after treatment for Makes 3rd Enemy UBoat ported Sunk Off Brazil in 9 Days By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS RIO DE May unconfirmed report from Recife today said a United States answering the call for help on May 18 of the Brazilian Com mandante chased the under sea attacker and was believed to have sunk This was the third enemy sub marine reported sunk in waters off Brazil in nine American bombers sank one Uboat near Fernando about 125 miles off Brazils northeast last the pilots and another was reported sent to the bottom yesterday off RIO DE May 27 The Brazilian press today contin ued to attack Germany for assaults on Brazilian but the govern ment permitted nothing to pub lished or broadcast word that two submarines have been sunk off the coast of Brazil by United States patrol The second sinking was reported late yesterday by a high source while United States fliers were supplying additional details on the first which occurred Fri day north of the Brazilian island of Fernando off the north east The second sinking was declared to have been accomplished by a B 18 twinmotored Douglas bomber near several miles south of the scene of the but no particulars were to Page ;