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View Sample Pages : Adrian Daily Telegram, May 23, 1942

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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 23, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TEL Continued Cool Weather Details on Pace Two MAY 1942 PRICE 3 AWAIIS TOENIpEWAR Wave of Fury Sweeps Nation At Word That Another of Her Ships Is Sunk WAR DECLARATION CERTAIN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MEXICO May lacked only the formality of ap parently certain congressional ap proval today to become a full fledged ally in the war against the Her decision was made rapidly last night as a wave of public fury snept the country over the news that Axis submarines had sunk the second Mexican merchant ship within eight Even while awaiting President Manuel Avila Camachos formal proclamation of the first in Mexicos the republic put precautionary measures against Axis aliens quietly into force and took its first military A special session of the full cabi net announced after three hours deliberation that Congress would be called in special session to author ize the President to declare the existence of a state of May Meet Monday Congress must be convened with in 10 but next Thursday was set tentatively for the session and there were indications that the aroused public might insist on a meeting still possibly next Monday or The government statement clear ly defined the reasons that swept Mexico toward Axiss sinking of the Mexican Potrero Del off its refusal to accept a protest of that sinking and then its sinking Wed nesday of the tanker Faja de all within eight Survivors from the ships still had not reached the capital when the war decision was made last but a great patriotic demonstration was organized to greet their arrival today as the wheels started turning to bring back congress from its re Government sources indicated the alien control measures would not be announced publicly until they had been enforced The military activities also were kept a state neady for Swift Action Even before the announcement that Mexico was declaring war consideration of the aggression of which the country has been vic there were indications that government departments were ready for swift action to meet war Acting on reports that Axis na tionals had foreseen such an event and had converted their cash into United States the export of United States money was for bidden and banks refused to change dollars into Mexican Policemen remained within sight of the largest German business places to guard them from the pub Senators and deputies voiced demands that they be seized to re imburse Mexico for the loss of the ships and pay the families of 21 seamen who died in the Mexicos entry into the war would place on the side cf the Allies a nation of the most populous in LatinAmerica except for Mexico has a standing army of more semi trained men ready to be called and a navy of 15 ships already active on patrol in the Rav SEEK VOTE TAX PLAN May 23 Treasury and congressional tax ex perts sought today to pave the way for the House Ways and Means Committee to vote quickly Monday on a payasyougo income tax col lection program by excluding cas ual and domestic The statisticians were instructed by the committee to bring in a rec ommendation eliminating from the withholding scheme those classes of such as servants and farm whom many of the members have been Many have contended that a pay roll deduction as partpayment of income taxes would work well in the case of white collar workers on salary or factory workers whose income could be but many complications would arise with maids and occasional farm laborers paid perhaps by the The Treasury has recommended that 10 per cent of a persons tax able income and of dividends and interest be withheld at the source to facilitate individual income tax collections and to help combat in The income of a single man above 511 a week would be subject to the 10 per cent withholding A married man with one dependent would be subject to the rate in income above 5146 a All deductions would be used as an off tt to the normal tax bill due each March As the committee approached a vote yesterday on this whole ques then recessed until it was told by Guy internal revenue that more employees would be needed to make the endless checks and counterchecks involved in any Withholding May Use Prisoners Gasoline Formula May 23 A life prisonerinventor at Sing Sing whose death sentence was commuted seven years ago may help the nations armed forces to solve the problem of gasoline power more Identity of Lovell as the originator of a combustion engine which he claims burns gasoline it breaks down the ordinary fuel oil was disclosed last night when Governor Herbert Lehman signed a bill intended to let the federal government negotiate with hitherto considered le gally The army and navy expressed interest in Landers which he says would reduce gaso line cost from 22 to three cents a So the new statute was It authorizes the court in a judicial district from which a person is sentenced for life to designate a person or committee to sell or man age the convicts real or personal Nathan Lehmans coun recently took the invention to Officials praised he but added other similar inventions are being Landers was convicted of a first degree triangle murder on Staten All In County Under 45 Now Are Serving or Have Enlisted YOUNGER MEN GO FIRST Every physician in Lenawee county under 45 years of age eith er is already serving or has enlist ed for service with the Army Medical a total of 15 phy sicians from the county enlisting for duty yesterday with Lt John Slevens of the Army Medical Corps at Six of the physicians who enlist ed yesterday are under 37 years of age and they expect to be called for service by July Those be tween 37 and 45 years of age ex pect to be called by January L Those enlisting yesterday were George Pas George Hall and Bernard Patmos of Mc Garvey and Tubbs of Ralph Helzerman and Blandon of Tecum Her of of ivson of Addison and Joseph Abraham and Blanchard of Rawson and McCue are under 37 years of age and they ex pect to be called before July In addition to the five Adrian physicians who enlisted yesterday Arthur formerly of who has been studying in Philadelphia has enlisted and he also will go into service by July Five other Lenawee physicians already are sening in the Army Medical They are Beebe of Morenci who now is in Lynford Miller and Charles Campbell of Marsh of Tecumseh and Claxton of The 15 Lenawee physicians en listed yesterday in accordance with plans made by the procurement and assignment committee of the state medical society with the Army Medical Urnston of Bay City is chairman of the physicians Every physician in Michigan has register ed for army service and age and qualifications have been As the army needs physicians they are furnished on a voluntary basis by the procurement and assign ment committee of the medical The Lenawee physicians were in formed yesterday that the army was planning on a force of six or seven million men by the end of the year and that seven physicians would be needed for every By it was the indications were that physicians between 45 and 50 years old would be BRITISH BOMB AXIS AIRFIELDS May 23 XP British bomber attacks on Axis landing fields at Derna and Mar on the Libyan and air battles between British and Axis fighter planes were reported today by the RAF A said the landing grounds at Martuba were effective ly bombed Thursday night while enemy airdromes at Martuba and Derna were raided in daylight yes The RAF said its planes shot up 10 enemy transport vehicles in the Martuba vicinity Thursday British fighters shot down three the RAF A Junkers dive bomber which attempted to cross the coast west of British naval base today was intercepted and shot into the The RAF declared there was lit tle activity over Malta yesterday with RAF fighters shoot ing down one Messerschmitt fight Four British fighters were re portd Todays Map For a map showing Japans un sinkable aircraft carriers turn to page seven of todays Enemys Air Strength Reduced Further By Loss of 13 Warplanes INVASION BASES POUNDED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ALLIED A u s May bombers have knocked two more Japanese ships out of the enemys potential invasion forces gathering above Australia and have pared his air strength by another 13 eneral MacArthurs headquarters announced Both ships were in the principal Japanese invasion bases among the islands north of large transport at New which was reported left in a crip pled condition and a tanker at New which was severely The Japanese offered only feeble resistance to these new air smash part of the positive defense plan by which Allied airmen have hammered at Japans chief advance concentration centers without re spite since the enemy moved into Australias island Eight Japanese fighter planes rose to challenge the raiders at the communique but five were shot down and all our planes returned Besides the tanker and the fight er planes bagged in two enemy bombers were destroyed aground on the Lae At the communique enemy interception was in and six heavy Japanese Dombers were badly The Australian moved to step up this continents defenses by approving plans to treble the corps of volun observers who now keep watch for 24 hours a day for the appear ance of enemy Air Minister Arthur Drakeford said the corps would function in close liaison with the United States Army air force and would absorb a large number of Australian air force officers to maintain contact with the vast network of ob UBoat Menace Is Being Says President May 23 President Roosevelt said last night hat the shipping situation was seri ous but that the submarine menace We have we still con fronted with a serious shortage of ships to carry the essentials of he said in a Maritime Day Submarines of the Axis aggressors have taken a heavy But that like others confronting is being Our ships are going through and will continue to go through in growing When the shipbuilding program was launched a little more than a year the President there were those who doubted the coun trys ability to carry it Today I can assure you that we will perform this nearmiracle of ship he The nations shipbuilding capacity has seen increased more than 500 per That itself is an out standing achievement Maritime Day yesterday saw the United States in the midst of the reatest merchant ship construc tion program ever undertaken by any It calls for completion of vessels of dead weight tons by the end of the next Twentyseven merchant ships were lauched on all coasts and on the Great Lakes during the and four new vessels were placed n one of them only 60 days after the laying of its world The President saidthat the American people had reason to be proud of the heroism and patriotism of the officers and seamen of the mrchant During these dangerous days and nights on the sea lanes of the he with danger lurk ng below and on the sur they do not falter in the per ormance of their Hundreds of them render service far beyond the call of The nations maritime industry is writing a wartime preface to the most glorious chapter in our his It is making a vital contribu tion to the immediate war and clearing the way for Americas full restoration to the position in world trade befitting so great a AWARDED E PENNANT May 23 XP The Navy announced yesterday that the Motor Wheel Corporation of had been award ed an E pennant for outstanding production Paper Pickups For Next Week The collection of waste paper in Adrian to aid in the national war effort will be made next week according to the following schedule In case of the pickups will be delayed one OVER THE TOP IN IRELAND Just to keep the kinks out of their fighting American troops in Ireland are battling in specializing in prepara tion for a second Here an infantry detachment fights its way over a barbtopped stone fence through a smoke PUPILS GEI Backbone Needed to Establish Speaker Says Two hundred and eighty of Len awee countys rural school pupils were awarded their eighth grade diplomas in the colorful annual commencement exercises yesterday afternoon in the First Baptist Church of The diplomas were presented by county school as the 280 children streamed past her on the flowerbedecked The gradua ting class was smaller than usual and the crowd also was much less than in previous years but the church still was almost superintendent of the Clayton public gave the principal speaking on the subject of Things Worth and advising the graduates to build up their backbone to establish ij opil character Js not developed all at Little told the It is a long process and it takes and He described the three kinds of bones which paved the way to The first is the wish which starts you after the things you The next is the which tells you how to get the thing The third is the which makes you stick till youve got what you principal of the Ad rian junior high also spoke briefly at the commencement welcoming the graduates and urging them to continue their Many of them will be entering the Adrian school system next The program also included a piano solo Longing by Joanne Church of Franklin School 2 a vocal solo The Marine Hymn by Louis White of Cambridge 1 and accordion solo Over The Waves by Herbert Goetz of Riga 3fr and a vocal duet My Heart Is Glad by Howell and Doris Dixon of Macon The the invocation delivered by the Now Ruth program was opened with John Greenwood of the Church in It was closed with the entire assem bly singing God Be With You Till We Meet Vichy FRENCH GHOST FLEET IN ALEXANDRIA TO REMAIN JUST THAT May 23 French ghost fleet lying in Alexandria Harbor probably will remain just that re gardless of whether Pierre Laval eventually decided to turn French warships over to the One of the loneliest men of the worlds navies is Vice Admiral Rene Emile commander of the nine French menofwar immobi lized since in faithful compliance with the agreement not to attempt to leave Godfrey keeps a close watch on developments in Vichy and any German pressure to obtain use of the French war just shrugs his says There is northing But he shoulders and I could I gave my word to Admiral Cun Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham formerly was com manderinchief of the British Me diterranean After the battle of Oran when British warships fired upon French ships Godfrey agreed with Admiral Cunningham to demobilize the French warships at Alexandria and promised never to try to move the fleet out of the The Bri tish promised not to take over the menofwar Since one French four three des and one submarine have been lying in the Their crews total 1800 Nearly 000 officers and sailors were re patriated to ON PAY Premium Pay for Week Ends and Holidays Eliminated May 23 An agreement eliminating premium pay for Sundays and Tells OPA Americans Should Be Allowed to Wear Out Tires If They Wish RATIONING NOT NEEDED May 23 Declaring that Americans wont be pushed Senator Pren tiss Michigan has protested to the Office of Price Administration against gasoline ra tioning in the middle Brown said his protest was based on the ground that OPA had failed to show a need existed for ration ing and added he would continue to oppose any such move until he was convinced When we wrote the price con trol said who was one of the we thought we had placed safeguards against their clamping down without saying a We provided for a state ment of reasons for the But there is no excuse for ra tioning gasoline in the middle west under present If theres question of conserving why dont they just use the new cars that are available The secondhand market ought first to be exhausted It certainly is not right to clamp right down and drive people off the streets by rationing a city like which has no subways or railroad rapid De troit is a motor city and it was built on that Brown said he was of the opinion that what a motorist does with his tires is his own business and if he is foolish enough to use them up thats no ones Americans wont be pushed he Let them wear ilC JICU LllCilt as has been reached joutt hejr tires jf that Js their desire between General Motors Corpora tion and the United Automobile Workers CIO in hearings before a War Labor Board Affecting upwards of workers in Michigan and another in other parts of the coun the long a stumbl ing block in contract negotiations between the becomes effective at A similar covering additional was reached between the corporation and another CIO the United Radio and Ma chine The effective date of this agreement has not beende The overtime pay an issue which had led General Motors earlier in the month to defy the War Labor provides for straight time for the first 40 hours of a work time and a half for the sixth consecutive working and double time for the sev enth consecutive work it was understood shifts will be so arranged that for all practical purposes there will be no double any time worked on the sixth day customarily would be in excess of 40 hours and there fore compensated at the time and the half Overtime for the sixth and seventh days would be diminished by all time lost for per sonal May 23 Progress in the manufacture of synthetic rubber on a commercial scale was reported by the Goodrich and Goodyear Rubber in summaries released today by the Senate committee investigating national I feel certain that we have now come out of the underbrush and that we can see the road said John president of the Goodrich The Goodyear after recounting its expanded operations in declared the bottle neck of the government program has and is the produc tion of component of synthetic buna Lack of this material would have made any large expansion of private rubber plants the Goodyear report Senator Gillette DIowa and other farm belt lawmakers have urged that butadiene be made from grain which can be produced from corn and other farm Goodrich reported in con junction with the Phillips Petrol eum it was operating the largest plant in the United States devoted to the manufacture of butadiene type now pro ducing close to its capacity of long tons a We still have a lot to learn about synthetic Collyers report the prob lem of making satisfactory truck tires with synthetic rubber is still a big We have made strides and will reach that ifday andnight effort brings the results in the weeks and months ahead that it has in the REFERRED TO TOLB May 23 wage dispute involving the Hill Diesel Engine Company of Lan and the United Auto mobile Workers CIO was re ferred to the War Labor Board yesterday by Secretary of Labor The secretary said 300 workers were represented by the UAWCIO and that a work stop page had You cant drive You can only ask their I believe that by this time most mo torists know that they are driving on their last that is the last tires they will be able to obtain until this war is Woman to Teach At Armys New Glider School May 23 nurse who learned gliding while she was training for profes sion at Ar will be an instructor ih the Armys new glider school at La She is Helen holder of the American gliding en durance record for women and the womens altitude record of Her is an aeronautical engineer and will head the ground crew at the Lamesa The Montgomerys learned gliding Montgomery was a mem ber of the University of Michigan Glider Club and interested his fian cee in the Montgomery established the womans endurance record of 7 hours and 28 Frankfort in The altitude record was established in 1940 at She has been employed as a nurse in the Navy ordnance plant at centerline for the past Previously she was a nurse in the Hudson Motor Car main JUNE TIRE QUOTA May 23 Following is the June tire quota for Michigan Passenger cars and motorcycles new tires recaps new tubes farm new tires recaps new tubes People of Cuba To Get Says Broadcaster May 23 A mysterious who identified himselfas the comman der of a German submarine lying only a mile and onehalf off the Havana promised the Cuban people last night they were in for a Havana news papers reported This is the second time we have visited Havana and very soon we will give you a the broad caster was quoted as saying in per fect Spanish after giving his iden tity and the location of his It isnt he while the German people are suf fering the consequences of the Bri tish blockade with the supportof the United American girls should be enjoying themselves on the Our submarines will take care of The broadcaster was said to have gone off the air after making this More Than Half of It Wiped Out In Fukien Province By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May 23 More than half the Japanese invasion force which gained a foothold Wednesday on Chuanshih island at the mouth of the Min River in Fu kien Province has been wiped and the survivors have fled to their abandoning large quantities of the Chinese an nounced officially This announcement came swiftly after a communique reporting the Japanese also had been repulsed in an attempt to land under the guns of warships on the north bank of the Min east of capital and chief seaport of While the Chinese did not claim the threat to Foochow had been they indicated that the invaders had suffered a heavy set There was no official statement n the strength of the drive against but some Chinese reports said the Japanese had thrown men into it and the frustrated landing effort was said to have been backed by the guns of 10 To the four Japanese columns pushed across Chekiangi neighboring maritime and enemy raiders bombed a Min River port about 20 miles downstream from provisional capital of Chekiang and a gateway to Kiang si Province and Chinas was in growing danger as one Jap anese column reached 35 miles southwest of and continued westward along the north shore of the Cinetang River toward about 65 miles southwest of Tunglu and 12 miles northwest of Another Japanese column was reported attacking about 32 miles north of after an advance of 15 miles within 24 The present positions of two other enemy spearheads push ing southwest were not ABRDKOME RAIDED NEW May 23 yab airdrome in Western Burma was raided yesterday by British bombers for the second successive an RAF communique said to Bombs were said to burst on the One of our the com muniquS was attacked by four enemy and during the ensuing encounter one Japanese navy plane was shot down into the A low level bombing attack also was reported on Japanese river craft in Mayu just north of Firing Squads Fail to Eliminate Ghost Troops Fighting in Europe May World Service Ghostly battalions marching on an unseen soldiers who fought hopelessly in the open for four days and who have fought underground for two years which Thats the Dutch Heinrich Himmler army high executioner for has been sent to the Netherlands to Firing squads have by no means liquidated this secret which is organized with military largely by military officers of the queen who had no real chance to show their worth in May of They have shown it As long as a year 18 of them were condemned by Germans sit ting on the bench of the high court of justice at the In the last few 96 more have been thousands But Hitler knew the work went so this week he sent Some details of how these secret organizations made avail able today by the Free Dutch news show plainly that neither assassination nor sa botage is the real aim of the se cret high although both are As one member said at a recent trial We are not so much a terror organization as we are an organization to assist the British when they land in In the last trial not one of the accused persons knew his They had been working with special liaisons between the various ranks of the These ranks received their instructionsin codes that were changed almost every and the system of distribution never has been discovered by the Collects Data for RAF One section of the organization collected information for the use of the Its main activity was concentrated in the districts along the mouth of the River Maas be tween Rotterdam and the hook of A second group had the special task of examining and listing all bridges in order to make the re cord available to the ultimate Allied A third formed into ostensible hiking was charged with finding out everything possible about disposition of German de so that its members could act as guides for invading A fourth group agreed to lose no opportunity of killing German They made excellent work of the combination of the German enforced blackout and the countrys network of but they had also more subtle Pins on desks used by Germans were turned into tiny poison ar Many a thirsty German never lived to thank the Dutch man who bought him a cocktail or a glass of A fifth section set to work on the where they collected information and conducted as much sabotage as was This particular trial lasted for five and many times during the sessions the German president of the court roared with anger at the impertinence of these bare faced Red Troops Fighting From NewlyFortified Before Kharkov GERMANS KILLED By THE ASSOCIATED PIIESS May 23 Marshal Timoshenkos shock troops were re ported fighting from newlyforti fied positions before Kharkov today and a Red Star dispatch said the Germans were having alternate successes in flanking counter attacks to the south despite a loss of killed there in three One Soviet gain was reported of ficially in the Kharkov Our units dislodged1 the enemy from a powerfully fortified posi the information bureau In the Germans aban doned five field 12 machine a mine dump and a radio Red the Russian army reported a seesaw bat tle in the IzyumBarvenkova a Ukrainian region below Kharkov in which the Germans concentrated huge forces to attack several points defenses were described in this first press report from that front as The Germans hurled three groups of tanks into a narrow sec tor in an effort to drive a wedge into the Russian the dispatch but the Russian troops 9e stroyed 39 of the tanks and then drove the invaders back severai miles with a Reds Digging In The Russian information bureau announced a diggingin process of Marshal Timoshenkos divisions logical procedure as a backstop in any slowing battle and again it made no claim to a general ad Quoting a Moscow the British radio said masses of German airborne chutists and planetransported in used in stubborn but they are be ing wiped out as fast as they The midnight communique said our troops fortified their positions and carried out offensive opera tions yesterday in the area of Germanys major south ern In the IzyumBarvenkova di rection 80 miles below Kharkov our troops repelled enemy attacks and inflicted large losses upon it During three days of battles on this sector of the front alone over German soldiers and officers were A single division was said to have repelled 11 Nazi attacks and wiped cut more than of the invad ers in a The Russians prior to the publi cation of Red Stars report never conceded a German gain in this ef fort of Field Marshal Fedor von Bock to turn their left flank and divert Red army manpower from the big Kharkov The toll exceeds by the number of Germans reported killed from May 13 to 17 in the first phases of the battle of Kharkov Russian resistance again was declared continuing on the Kerch peninsula against Ger manRumanian forces which need that easternmost section of the Cri mea for any serious thrust at tha oilwealthy The garrison of Russian Crimean naval wai reported by the British radio to have steadily pushed back the Axis siege lines established last Oc The radio said the citys in including a munitions were moved Russian airmen were credited of ficially with destroying or damag ing 85 German tanks in the opera tions May 23 Ger mans announced today that 10 hostages had been executed in Oc cupied France in reprisal for attack against a German soldier May 19 and that 10 others would be shot if the attackers were not found within eight The Nazi signed by the German commander for greater Paris and dated said An attack was committed May 19 in Paris against a member of the Germany The young man responsible for the attacks As 10 Communists and Jews and persons closely linked with criminal cir were immediately In case the authors of the at tack are not found within eight days after publication of the pres ent an equal number of persons will be In addition a number of persons closely asso ciated with the criminal circle will be transferred to a labor 2 2 HURT EST CRASH FLAT May 23 men were killed and two others were injured when their automo bile struck a tree at Gibraltar and Erie in front of Flat Rock High The dead were Andrew of and Carl of Gerald Longsdon of Trenton and Russell Peabody of who were riding with were rushed to Monroe Mer cy Hospital for Police said the accident occurred at ;