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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 22, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Cool on ran MAY 1942 2 MacArthurs Air Raiders De stroy 14 More Planes In Attacks On Jap Bases SEVERAL OTHERS DAMAGED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ALLIED May list of Japans naval losses in the southwest Pacific was swelled today by the announce ment that allied submarines had trunk a cruiser and two merchant ships totaling The from General Mac Arthurs also report ed that allied air raiders had de stroyed or damaged 14 more planes in atacks on Japanese bases in New Guinea and The sunken cruiser was identi fied officially as one of the Kako all four of which were com pleted in mount six eight inch and normally carry crews of 604 men The class Includes the Kinugasa and Allied guarding in formation which might be of value to the did not say when or where the cruiser and the two car go of tons and one of been On the basis of information dis closed by the it was believed the sinkings were not connected with the recent Coral Sea naval re lated reported offic ially to have cost the Japanese 23 or 24 ships sunk or Of the Japanese planes listed as knocked out of two bombers and one fighter were destroyed on the ground by allied planes in a lowaltitude surprise attack yester day on the airdrome at New headquarters Two other grounded planes were badly Three of eight Japanese fighters which tried to break up the attack were shot out of the air by the al lied all of whom returned safely to their the communi que Headquarters said it had been learned that three other Japanese planes were destroyed and three more damaged in a recent attack on the air field at This apparently was a reference to the assault on that base Wednes But Lochner Says Civilian Morale Is Slipping lEditors note One of Germanys most closely guarded secrets of the war is the effect of RAF Louis who was chief of the Berlin bureau of the Associated Press and now has reached neutral Portugal after five months of in here partly lifts the By LOUIS LOCIINER May 22 raids increasingly are striking terror into the hearts of Germans lowering their morale and cutting down war This may be said despite the fact that on no other factor of the is it more difficult to obtain authentic information than on the results of RAF There is an ironclad rule in Germany that bombing repairs take precedence over all others as a re in an incredibly short time bombed districts are made to ap pear at least The morning after a win dow pane setters remove debris and replace glass as the first step toward making a stricken area look normal masons and plumbers report as soon as pos sible for their part of the A casual visitor in a bombed section on the first will find areas roped off so he can not determine the extent of damage at first hand by the second morn ing after a raid he may be able to pass by without noticing much of anything The police will see to it that he does not trespass on damaged premises and the street front will have been made to look When large factories are propaganda ministry officials may even conduct groups of foreign journalists on tours in an effort to prove that nothing of moment has Turn to Page 2 ITALIANS CLAIM BATTLESHIP HAS BEEN SUNK Italian Broad May 22 Rome ra in a special re ported today that an Italian sub marine had attacked a United States naval formation and sunk a battleship of the Maryland class The submarine Barbarigo was credited with the The Italian high command pub lished a special communique say ing that on May 20 the Barbarigo attacked a United States naval for mation off the Brazilian coast about 100 miles west of the island of Fer nando The submarine it commanded by Captain Enzo attacked the United States naval formation as it was steam ing The Barbarigo was said to have dodged two destroyers in making the attack from some meters dis The submarine launched a salvo of the communique against a vessel of the Maryland class and scored hits with two of them on the fore part of the ves These were declared to have sunk her within a short The Maryland class includes three Colorado and West launched in The ships range from 000 to tons and normally car ry compliments of men They are armed with eight 16 inch 12 fiveinch guns and other lesser and carry three which are launched from INDUSTRY TO 1 N METAL SALVAGE 44 Manufacturers Attend Din ner and Hear Salvage Regional Coordinator Lenawee county manufacturers were urged to turn useless metal in their plants into scrap for the nations steel mills last night by Brewster Loud regional coor dinator of the Industrial Salvage Bureau of Industrial Con servation of the at a din ner at the Lenawee Forty four manufacturers were present from Blissfield and Cement Loud said that 55 million tons of scrap is needed this and that the situation is tfany large steel accustomed to having thousands of tons of scrap on hand to smelted along with raw are now operating with no back log He cited one concern which has enough steel to carry it for four The important thing is that scrap metal must be put back into circulation in as large quantities as possible as quickly as Loud He urged the manufac turers to delegate full authority to a member of their organization to search out every pound of metal which is not serving a useful pur pose in the Old equip shafting and even metals which might have been con sidered as inventory before Pearl Harbor are invaluable to this scrap Loud He told the audience to dispose of the scrap in their usual but to make every effort to get rid of it at Roy McPhail of the Consumers Power Company was appointed chairman of a county organization to speed the collection of industrial He appointed the following men to assist him Frederick Wood of the Simplex Paper Martin Epke of the Brown Fence Harold Smith of the Adrian municipal water and Allen Goldsmith of the Bohn Alum inum and Brass all Adrian Larowe of the Parker Rust proof Company of Morenci Herrick of the Tecumseh Products Company Maynard Foltz of the Great Lakes Sugar Company and Carpenter of the National Bundle Tyer of Blissfield Laut zenheiser of the Hardy Manufac turing Company of Hudson and Wittenberg of the Peninsula Cement Company of Cement to serve on the Notices will be sent to all man ufacturers in the county asking their cooperation in this wartime and the Industrial Salvage section will follow up the work carried on by the Rob bert of the salvage sec attended the meeting and as sisted in forming the program of the ON VERGE Berlin Rejects Protest Against Sinking of Tanker Last Week TWO MORE ARE TORPEDOED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MEXICO May was on the verge of an outright declaration of war against the Axis powers today after rejection by Berlin of her protest against the sinking of a Mexican tanker off the Florida coast last While the country awaited statement from President Manue Avila Camacho that was expectet to decide the issue within a few the general tenseness of the situation was heightened by re ports that two more Mexican ships had been A highlyplaced and usually re liable source said the President al ready was preparing a manifesto asking Congress to declare At the same time a former pres General Lazaro Cardenas commander of the west coast de fense zone and probable choice for supreme commander of Mexicos armed forces in event of spec to the by plane to receive my orders from the Orders were issued to the com manders of all other military zones directing them to remain at their and the chief of the genera staff announced tersely that the army is The country as a howev remained quiet and there were some signs that a moderate policy would be though work irs organizations consistently have voted in their meetings for A half dozen senators opposed to met yesterday to discuss a compromise which might satisfy Mexicos honor and still fall short of The foreign office announcement disclosing that Germany had re jected Mexicos demands for re paration for the sinking of the Potrero Del said Berlin flatly declined even to re ceive the note of protest To Decide on Steps the announcement President Avila Camacho will decide what steps the honor and dignity of the country de The protest had been submitted hrough the Swedish Mexico relations and Germany ast December after the Japanese attack onPearl Turn to Page 2 PRICE 3 Italian Navy Still Considered A Menace to United Nation Reiterates Belief War to be Long One May 22 President Roosevelt reiterated to day an opinion that the war would be a long one and cautioned against overoptimism one week and over pessimism the next The public opinion and the news go up and down with things that appear big at the he told a press but the more that can be done to prevent the better it is for the war ef The he are caused by a tendency toward over statement on the part of the Amer ican It is a great mistake to over state the Chief Executive adding that he thought the press could Do you think censorship should pass some bad news He was he as soon as it does not affect military There is only one reason for with holding bad he and that is that to release it might create more bad The President was unwilling to say whether he thought an Army Navy communiquS last weekend had contributed to overoptimism about the war He said he had not read it Under further Roosevelt said he thought official Army and Navy statements should Be relied on but that there should not be over emphasis on what a person reads into Wake America By WAITER UPPMANN NEW May is hard to see what good purpose is served by the cheery official publicity which was issued over the week there was the White House state ment which so was said m much about the shipyards and so little about the real relation of our output and our losses and our There was the Army Navy report on progress of war since December 7 which passed over in silence the whole critically impor tant subject of the submarine as sault in American Surely the effect of such public sense of and to promote complacency and inertia in the face of a danger which is becoming so acute that it may if not then an unduly long and bloody and costly What is the purpose of the pap which is being fed to the people at a time when they have a right to know the truth so that they may act and fight as only a people fully aroused to danger can act and can fight back There may be solid grounds for the comforting words which Churchill has been using of He has earned the right to use comforting It may be that the relative position in Europe as a whole is less unfavorable than sober judges thought last winter it would be by this But it would be worse than folly to think for an instant that the worst is over rather than ahead of tir to giv a falsej to Page 4JL CLAIMS INVENTION TO OBTAIN 50 MILES ON GALLON OF GAS May 22 mony of Baker in a patent infringement case in federal court yesterday veered sharply from the evidence when the widely known to automobile race fans as CannonbaU made it known that he has perfected a method of obtaining 50 miles to a gallon of gasoline with heavy auto Judge Arthur Lederle and at torneys pressed the witness for further details as the case at a litigation brought by Universal against Montgom Ward and involving manufacture of universal fell right out of Do you a defense attor ney that in Philadelphia I can make my threegallon ration give me 150 miles Baker nodded agreement Is this contrivance going to be available to the public Judge Lederle It will be available Baker Further questions disclosed that Baker recently had perfected the device for long distance mileage of research at Indian CEditors note This story on Italys naval positipn was written by the chief of The Assor dated Press Rome bureau who has reached after five months of internment en route By RICHARD MASSOCK May 22 W Italys greatly weakened by two years of usually stays in port but still is a menace to the Unitec naval experts For United States shipping Italian longrange submarines op erating in the Atlantic from the Germanoccupied French coast probably are virtually the only With Italian sub marines with German craft their inroads on American and British shipping can be serious In more constant danger are Brit ish warships and convoys in the Italys six with two Impero and a sister the con are tying up a big part of the British fleet in the Mediterra nean even though the Italian ships are used Lack of fuel and shortage of nfa terials repairs immobilize the Italian fleet most of the The shortage of fuel also seriously re stricts firing practice and crew Of the at least the Conte di which was sunk by British bombing planes at Taranto but eventually was will be out of com mission for a long time because of the shortage of repair materials The other two damaged at Taranto Caio Duilio and the been re paired but have been inactive for months except for one action by the Littorio in early Cruiser Losses Heavy The wars toll among Italian cruisers has been particularly Of seven heavy cruisers with which Italy started experts say that all but two have been Of 1 light cruisers only a few are left in operating Materials for New Houses for Defense Workers Will Be Available Earl consulting analyst of the War Production met with large groups of representa tives of the building supply con cerns at theChamber of Commence building to explain the opportunities for building construc in Adrian The intricacies of the recent WPB order limiting the extent of new construction or repairs in residen tial buildings to farm build ings and repairs to and in dustrial building and repairs to do not apply completely in this In order to provide hous ing for defense workers em ployed in local the WPB has authorized materials to be made available in approved housing proj A goal of 100 houses under construction by September 1 has seen at which time it will be possible to obtain permits for an other Allen made it clear that no priority permits are necessary if cost of the proposed construc tion or repairs is within the limits set by the and he expressed the opinion that materials for new construction in the types of houses under from to and from to which have been authorized for the Adri an defense area would be in compliance with the recom mendation that 100 houses should je under construction here within the allotted He emphasized the circumstances of war which has made the 3Uilding and repair regulations and said that much de jended upon the course of the war n If the Russians succeed in holding the Germans in the t may develop that a comparatively smaller army will be necessary in the United and the supply of labor will thus be Allen expressed the opinion that much will be known by next Sep and if the course of the lighting is it is likely hat many of the regulations now in effect will be Special groups were scheduled or audiences with Allen until 3 oclock this after which he public will be welcome to ask Allen will be at the office until 5 2YearOld Locks A Bathroom Firemen to Rescue Members of the Adrian fire de partment had to perform a rescue this morning but there was no life at stake and no fire At oclock the firemen were called to the residence of Elsie Reeves of 1134 College Avenue where two year old Charles Reeves had managed to lock him selfin a second floor bathroom and was unable to unlock the door A ladder from the ladder truck was raised and Firemen Clarence Krueger and Henry Saylor loosen ed the casing around the locked Dathroom window and opened it fireman Krueger then went into the bathroom and unlocked the The didnt rather Chuckie just ept saying to his Chuckie locked the and try ing to figure out why his grand mother didnt simply door and let him j Italys submarine strength is es timated at scarcely half of the ap proximately 115 underwater craft with which Italy started the war Quite a few of the 40 oceangoing submarines have been lost A few probably av eraging lessthan are built each month with steel from Ger German inci also are operating in the Mediterranean while German spe particularly are in the crews of most Italian ships Trainloads of sailors with Reichs marine on their caps are a com mon sight on Italian The chief defect of the Italian observers is its failure to cooperate with the air Most naval actions reported in the Medi terranean are between British war ships on one side and Italian planes and on the Typical of the Italian fleets fail ure to support aircraft attacks was one battle last Italian warships went a short way oul toward a British convoy but report ed bad weather and returned without getting near the REGISTRATION FOR THOSE 1820 IS SET JUNE 30 May 22 President Roosevelt today set June 30 as registration day for young men between 18 and 20 years oi This will complete for the pres ent the registration of the nations manpower for both fighting and noncombatant war and will be the fifth registration under ex isting Young men 18 and 19 years oi age who will register between 7 and 9 on June SO will not be subject to the militarydraft nn til they reach the age of Males between 20 and 45 are now subject to military Approximately persons between 20 and 65 have been regis tered in the four previous TORPEDOED VESSEL At Least 21 Are CarrietT to Their Deaths May 22 Sfinety seconds after two torpedoes crashed a medium sized United States cargo ship plunged to the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico May carrying to death at least 21 members of the crew and gun the Navy disclosed The attacking and sinking came with almost unprecedented speed which contributed to the heavy ioss of There was no time to jse the radio to summon help and he 19 survivors rode liferafts for about 30 hours before being picked Five were hospitalized in Gal when brought The submarine was not Two torpedoes struck 30 seconds many of the crew dying in the engine room which was directly Although Captain Henry a veteran of the World spent four hours di recting picking up of then set a course for A makeshift flag of underwear was rigged when a ship was and the men were picked up and taken to a Texas port Entitled to Aid While State Troops Called to Duty May 22 leneral Herbert Rushton held h an opinion today that depend dents of members of the Michigan State Troops are entitled to state aid while the family head is on the same as was allowed de endents of national The requested by Harry Secretary of said he state administrative board out of the war fund may al ow a month for the dependent wife of a state trooper in active service and a month each dependent The amounts are he same provided by statute for dependents of In another opinion requested by state treasurer Theodore Fry and auditor General Vernon the attorney general held that legislators serving in the arm ed forces of the United States are entitled to draw their 53 a day leg slative pay for the balance of the erms for which they were He said he saw no difference in the right of a legislator in the Army or Navy to draw pay and the right of a legislator who absents himself to take care of his busi ness and that the right of the lat er to his salary is ARRIVES AT KIEL May 22 dam aged German Prlnz ias arrived at it was learned FAIR CANCELLED May 22 For the fourth time since its incep ion in 1928 the annual Upper Pen insula State Fair has been can War conditions were blamed by the board of managers in an nouncing that the 1942 scheduled here Sept will not je Prediction Made In Urging Immediate Rationing of Gasoline V RUBBER SUPPLY DWINDLES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May 22 Gov ernment requisitioning next year of several million privatelyowned automobiles was envisioned as a distinct possibility by the Brook ings Institution The private research organiza tion in a survey and report by Charles Dearing made this pre diction in urging immediate nation wide rationing of gasoline to save tires and cars for later allocation to essential war The administration is studying the question of extending to other parts of the country the gasoline restrictions now enforced in the east and To save more than pounds of crude rub it already has ordered a ban on sightseeing and unessential charter busses after June The Brookings survey said im mediate rationing of gasoline on a nationwide basis offered the only reasonable prospect of averting a breakdown in essential automobile But even with this in it it may prove necessary to requisition several millipn vehicles during 1943 in order to insure maintenance of adequate automo bile transportation throughout the remainder of the Estimating private cars now in use at the report sug gested gas rationing be highly se permitting all necessary mileage for about ve hiclesit held necessary to maintain the civilian economy without se rious disruption between 30 and 40 miles a week for and immobilizing extra cars by limiting each family to five Tire Supplies Inadequate It estimated that the existing supply of tires would not be suf ficient to meet essential require ments by mid1943 if normal driv ing habits continue and that the supply would be completely ex hausted by Turn to Page 2 IT Powered By Variation of V8 Motor May 22 great River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor where 000 men have labored In times of peak automobile Is turning out tanks for the One of the worlds largest in dustrial River Rouge was disclosed officially today to be in production on 30ton tanks powered ay a variation of the Ford V8 type The Army heretofore has let it be known that Ford is making but there Is still no indica tion of the extent of Military secrecy forbids It was that River Rouge has been converted to tank with the war mon sters to roll out in the assembly line manner associated with mass production of Ford re ceived the tank order eight months River Rouge will continue to build Pratt Whitney motors for bombing planes as well as tired and automobiles for the MAN AND WOMAN PLUNGE TO THEIR DEATH NEW May 22 With in 3 a man and a woman plunged to death yesterday from upper floors of the RCA 70story skyscraper in Rockefeller Police said the identified as Jean of Bronx mother of a three monthold leaped at 4 from the cocktail lounge terrace on 65th her body land hg on an eleventh floor offset They said she left a note to her Im nervous and cant go She laid her purse on the cop ing of a threefoot high parapet over which she1 climbed and plung ed to police A ypist on the 47th floor saw her mrtling past a window and noti fied Her husband is a stock The body of a man whom police as William New York an instructor of agents for the Mutual Life Insur ance Company of New was iound on a sixth floor extension on the other side of the building at BARRYMORE RALLYING May 22 Barrymore showed signstoday of rallying from a serious illness that sent him to Hollywood Presbyterian hospital last Suffering from a kidney and iver infection complicated by hypo static the 60yearold actor underwent an operation to remove fluid from his We feel quite Hugo his said He still has a chance o pull this Says Enemy Spies Have Landed On Coast of Maine May 22 Francis state director of civilian said today that accurate information is in the pos have recently been landed on the coast of Others have come into the state over the Canadian border or from other parts of the United Farnum said hi a prepared state ment They are here for nogood purpose and they are in our midsl They come to to dam to Only yesterday civilians and members of volunteer defense corps were warned by United States and state officials in Boston to ex along the New England Sometimes a special agent is sent to this country to perform some single Farnum He is the pinch or the hit andrun Once his assign ment is completed he tries to make his way back to his native land or to join other spies in this Farnum warned that it was en tirely possible that the enemy may attempt to land parachutists or other airborne troops in Maine and added that an attempt may even be made to organize bands of fifth He urged the public to be watch think before you act but act instantly if your suspicions cannot be fully ATTEMPT TO IS Police Chief Calls It Clear Case of Sabotage May 22 chief Thomas Thorpe has revealed that a deliberate at tempt had been made to wreck a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train on the only line serving Fort from the west near here on Thorpe said it was a clear case of Federal Bureau of Investigation agents promptly entered the in he The chief said the carry ing 124 struck several rail splice bars and two ties which had been placed on the tracks at Morning Grove near a bridge which spans a 7 small Only a kept the train from plunging into the stream Thorne The threecar local carries com muters between Camden and Point Thorpe related that seven spliced each weighing 65 had been found along the They had been fitted at set intervals on both sides of the bridge so as to traffic in either While the train was not the force of the impact ripped loose the iron steps to the engine and one Military authorities declined to comment on the Tide is Says Wilhelmina May 22 M Wilhelmina told her subjects in the occupied and free lands of the Netherlands empire today that the tide is Every hammer blow in the ev erextending factory and work shops of Great Britain and the United States brings the turn near she Speaking over Radio she counseled the Dutch at home to be resolute but declaring one careless word may endanger you and others and may damage the important work awaiting you in the near She expressed her sympathies to the captive peoples in the Nether lands East Indies and saluted her subjects in the West the only regions of the kingdom where the Netherlands flag is still freely blowing in the Late Bulletins May 22 Rubber Coordinator Arthur New hall reported today that the government ultimately might have to requisition automobiles to haul workers to and from war plants la areas where other facilities were if the nations tire sources were May 22 Government control was established today over all four bus lines operat ing between Washington and New York City by pooling stag gering permitting inter change of tickets and eliminating certain duplicating May 22 President Roosevelt declared today that the government would do everything it could to prevent what he termed unwarranted pay in creases by private RIO DE May 22 Official Brazilian and United States commenting on the official Italian report of the sink ing of an American battleship off Brazils said today they had no knowledge of any naval engage ment in these May 22 A crim inal court jury convicted Clarence today and fixed his punishment at life imprisonment tor the movie theater killing of lis high school Doro Screening Tactics Re pulsed Around Red Star Reports ENEMYS ARE BIG By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May Ger mans once more have hurled strong tank forces into counterattacks in the raging battle for time employing tricky new tactics of screened attack but the new Red Star said The enemy is making furious efforts to take the initiative out of our army newspaper but this is not last and the relation of the opposing forces is quite different The army organ intimated that the Germans might have succeed ed in obtaining some limit ed but declared that on the whole the Kharkov offensive was developing satisfactorily and we have everything necessary to keep the Asserting that new German counterattacks had been the Soviet information bureau an nounced at least local On the heels of the retreating the communique Rus sian troops broke into a populated In its account Red Star said counterattacking German tanks were sent into the attack in three small forces intended to distract Russian then a third strong surprise force at tempting to catch the Russians on the This failed and heavy losses were inflicted on the Red Star Previously large scale tank operations had dwindled temporar ily except in one sector of the Kharkov Even Red Star a big tank clash which had been under way for the several days continued at a lower Losses Tremendous The Germans had tremendous losses the army newspaper and are running out of Star said German successes on the Kerch Peninsula also cost the invaders a tremendous price in men and war The community newly penetrated by Russian spearheads was not identified by the information bu The phrasing indicated the action might have been a part of an attack which the arniy Red reported yesterday had breached Nazi lines before Khar wiped out a key German stronghold and carried Russian tanks and troops six miles into an open battlefield held only by Ger man infantry and scattered pill More than Germans were reported killed in two engagements on the Kalinin front to the The midnight re ferring to daylight operations yes did not announce The successful drive against the Ger man attack in the Kharhov region was reported at For a week official reports con cerning Marshal Timoshenkos on launched while Axis in vaders of the Crimea struck east ward along the Kerch peninsula 400 miles to the had fol low a general pattern set by the announcement May 13 In the Kharkov direction of the front our troops took the offensive and are successfully Attacks Repulsed The account of battle develop ments yesterday said enemy at tacks were repulsed in the Izyum Barvenkova sector southeast of Kharkov and that fighting con on the eastern part of the Kerch Sixtyfive German planes were declared shot down against a Russian loss of and the Red Star air force was credited with destroying or damaging 74 273 trucks with troops and 51 ammunition wagons and 31 guns that The information bureau an nounced guerrillas had killed more than Germans in the area of which is near the bor der of Nazioccupied White The Communist party reported yesterday that ir regulars had captured a White Rus sian city of several thousand pop Informed Britons said well equipped Polish army for merly based in had ar rived in Russia to fight the Ger mans again alongside other Poles who once were Russian war pris The army Red forecast that Hitlers Invaders would seek to link the isolated strong points which they defended hrough the winter scattered between Taganrog and entrenchments before and build a continuous It urged a study of the new de fenses for soft hertinued KILLS SELF BENTON May 22 IP former policeman shot and killed his invalid 19yearold son and then killed himself yesterday in a cottage at Lake Michigan six miles northof Sheriff Al Hastings said the shootings were done by Oscar retired Chicago police with a The sheriff said the had beea aa ;