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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 21, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADEIAN DAILY TELEGRAM MAY 1942 FARM BILL CLEARS SENATE AFTER TEN Carries Cash and Loan Authority for An other HIGHER THAN HOUSE TOTAL By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May ed by a double victory in the Sen Administration farm spokes men today faced the touchy job of getting the House to reverse its stand on major controversies over the annual agricultural appropria As the farm bill cleared the Sen ate laie yesterday after 10 days of acrimonious it carried cash and loan author ity for another This some cash and in loans above the House totals and a SenateHouse conference committee was expect ed to make the first to iron out Topping this issue was Senate aproval by a better than 3 to 1 margin of President Roosevelts special request for authority to sell government stocks of corn and other grains for livestock feed at less than parity This was accomplished after much legislative pulling and haul including a hurryup White House The Senate again responded to a Presidential request by adding more than cash and Borne in loans to funds handled by the Farm Security Ad The after hours of de bate centering around wartime economy and electionyear had whittled down the funds of this which handles rural PROUD OF HIS DAD Johnny Doolittle aeronautical engin eering student at the University of was in the midst of final exams when he learned his famous July Jimmy led the bombing raid on Johnny enters West Point relief through loans and grants and also administers the federal farm tenacy House Cuts Offset In the Senate increases of more than cash just about offset slashes made by the House in funds recommended by its Appropriations The farm bill still was the smallest in recent than 000 under last years total and some below budget es Despite the 62 to 18 margin by which the Senate finally approved sales of surplus wheat and corn for livestock feed at prices that could drop as low as 83 cents a there was a lingering question as to the future of the potent Senate Senator Clark one of the corn belt members who bat tled vainly against releasing gov ernment stocks of grains below parity price warned the Senate that we have dissolved 10 years of effort to do something for Parity has been done to Senators Gillette Hatch DNM and others had ar gued that the plea to sell corn and wheat below parity levels would bring an effort to hammer all farm prices They also warned that the move might jeo iitys Goal This Year Fixed at Adrian has taken part in numer ous campaigns to raise money for vorthy causes in the past but nev er before has it been asked to raise such a sum as and never before BUY STAMPS STATES has the cause for which the money is need ed been so This week every wage earner and retired worker as well is being asked to pledge at least ten per cent of his earnings to the pur bonds being asked to support the nations war effort in the democratic I voluntary It is com mon knowledge that if the fund cant be raised JT this i may be necessary to resort to taxes and less palatable methods Turn to WAR Page 6 More Men Drafted Into Australian Construction Corps ALLIED Au May 21 indica tions that the Japanese are strivin to conserve their bomber forces fo a largescale attack in the future Australia moved today to draft a additional men into the civil construction corps which is prepar ing this country as a base for great allied The probability that the Japan ese were hoarding and building u their bomber power was raised b yesterdays 53rd raid on For New It was con ducted exclusively by fighte Their halfhour attack was reported to have done little dam but they dropped small bal loons in an apparent attempt to de H to para and Planes attempting to pardize future united farmminded action by Senator Bankhead vet eran farm bloc leader and sponsor of much present farm scoffed at suggestions that the open fight would leave scars in the Turn to Page 17 Asked to Close Consular Offices May 21 Ca nadian government has asked the Vichy government of France to close its consular offices and agen cies in Prune Minister Mackenzie King told the House of Commons Hudson Collects 50 Tons of Metal For War Machines Special to Tltc Telegram May tons o scrap metal to keep war machine running was collected here yester day in a farm and city pickup ar ranged by Hudsons implemen Owners of the metal were paid at the rate of a ton for it One contribution of 180 pounds came from two young Rich ard Kamp and Billy who hauled 180 pounds to the scales in their express The largest contribution ca from Montgomery a schoo for toys located a mile north oi where about onefourth of an old mill wheel was dismantlee and brought to the scrap II weighed The mill wheel was purchase years ago when the property was owned by the Originally it was known as the Ames prop erty and a mill was operated at the site for many The re mainder of the mill wheel was im bedded in concrete and further work will be necessary before more metal can be Mike Escosmos Hears From Family And Red Cross Gains a New Friend Say Red Cross to Mike cook at the Silver Dollar and his face lights up like a flashlight And why shouldnt when it has been the agency to make life worth living again for For the first time in more than a year Mike has learned that his wife and three children are alive and well in a little Greek village near He has written many times but could never learn whether his letters were He cabled and still received no re No letters came to him from Not a word of informa tion did he After Ger manys invasion of Greece he wasnt very sure any of his family ever would be heard The un certainty of their welfare was be ginning to get the young man down and then the home service depart mest of the Red Cross heard about it As a after four months investigation by the international Red Mike received a cable this week stating briefly that his two sons and a daughter were It wasnt much of it was powerful alive and a message but enough to remove a great load off iiis Now the Red through the home service depart ment of the Lenawee Chapter of which Mackenzie is will cable to the clear ing house at to find out just how much help can be sent to the They know no money will be allowed but just what supplies and clothing may be sent will soon be learned and you bet Mike is sending all that will be Blinking back the Mike i lated today the little drama of his life which came too near being a He said he came to the United States hi He mar ried in Detroit in 1924 and to him and his wife Angeline were born two sons and one now now 12 and Jennie now They prospered for a few years and then the depression came After a struggle it was thought advisable for the welfare of the Escosmos family for his wife and children to return to relatives in They left in July 1933 for a temporary visit and located near For a while communica tion continued with ease but grad ually became more difficult Money was sent to his family and they ex pected soon to return to For more than a year nothing has been heard from Realizing the horrors of the Ger man Mike grew greatly concerned about his family and then almost After appeal ing to the Red Cross on advice of Mackenzie immedi ately wrote national headquarters of the Red They in turn cabled the in ternational clearing house of the organization and the investigation as to the welfare of the Escosmos family continued in Such satisfactory results in the home service department bring al most as much happiness to the offi cers as to those for whom they have been but not There always is some one like Mike i Meanwhile Allied airmen renew ed their assaults on Japanese ad vance attacking yesterday a bothKoepang and p the DutchPortuguese islandof Tfi The raiders destroyed two grounded planes of dam aged the runway and started large fires in airport Genera MacArthurs headquarters an Four other Japanese planes were officially reported damaged by Al lied pursuit planes which intercept ed a formation of 12 Zero fighters when they attempted to strafe the airdrome at Port on the southern coast of New The Allied raid on Koepang was a sequel to an assault on the same target in which two Jap anese transports were listed as probably Victory Hull Thinks May 21 IF Victory is not so far away as seemed a few months Secre tary of State Hull indicated yes He made no predictions as to the durationof the but suggested that any one inclined to revise previous estimates as to its dura tion had some rather encouraging facts on which to base Hull was asked at his press con ference whether recent develop ments at home and abroad had en couraged him to hope that victory for the United Nations might come sooner than had been expected at the beginning of this In reply he cited the steadily in creasing acceleration of the effort of the United He said our powers and facilities of oing first in offensive defense operations and then in out right offensive were mounting steadily toward a It was only he suggest that any new calculations as to the duration of the war should be made in light of these Hulls optimistic remarks were made against a background of re orts from Europe indicating that German morale was hat shortages of food and stra materials in Hitlerdominated Europe were that the rising fury of British air raids on German objectives might soon hit a pace of bombers a night dumping bombs on the In reply to questions on the sit uation across the Pacific Hull ikewise avoided any sweeping pre He any pessimistic interpretation of that Japan was about to aunch an allout drive to crush Chinese If the Chinese continue to fight as they have fought in the past five he and continue to how the same splendid here is reason to be confident that their resistance will continue to be uccessfuL AUCTIONS May Furniture auction at red See n Market Mortgage sale at Devils Fred on Market See Was Chairman of the Lenawee Board of Supervisors Special to The Telegram May chairman of the Lenawee county board of died at 3 oclock this morning in his home at 304 North Maiden Howard had been in failing health for several months but was at his office nearly every day until a week Howard was appointed Te cumseh township supervisor July to fill a vacancy caused by the appointment of Hanna as Tecumseh postmaster and was reelected each spring since He was elected chairman of the 671TO1PCT House Croup Working Out In stallment Payments for Income Taxes Albert Howard aoard at the April session to suc ceed Merrill Taylor of Woodstock Howard was born April in Cambridge township where lie lived until July when tie came to Tecumseh township He worked on a farm which he later purchased and where he lived until 1927 when he to the He attended district schools in Cambridge and Tecumseh town ships and was graduated from the Tecumseh high school in He lad been a prominent member ol Baptist church since 1885 and or years was the teacher of the Mens Bible He also was a member of the Wit and Wisdom Club and the Tecumseh Grange of which he was a past He served as a director and moderator of the district school and on the township board of He also served on the county fair He was married August to Mabel Wiley of Brighton who died February He was married to Helen McNeil of Tecumseh on November He is survived by the widow ielen one daughter McLain and two grandchil dren Howard and Marjorie McLain of The funeral will be held Satur day afternoon at 2 oclock in the Saptist church and the burial will e in Brookside The Robinson will Late Bulletins high May 21 aponese troops have been landed iear chief port and capir al of the east coast province of and have been engaged in leavy fighting with Chinese de ense the Chinese ommand announced May 21 3ie War Manpower Commission oday directed the selective service ystem to instruct local boards to onsult with federal employment ervice offices before drafting any individual skilled in a critical war The directive included in an 8 loint program announced by Man ower Chairman Paul McNutt 0 promote the fullest utilization f the manpower of the STUDY MORGENTHAU PLAN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May House Ways and Means Committe sought today to work out a system of installment payments of incom taxes to soften the blow of steeply increased rates in the lowincom Hardly had the committee com pleted its new individual tax pro gram by raising the range of sur taxes from 677 per cent to 1281 per cent than it turned to Secre tary Morgenthaus proposad to col lect up to 10 per cent of taxable income from salaries and wages That plan would authorize the Treasury perhaps in to make regular de ductions from paychecks which would be used as a credit agains the tax bill due next March The committees new income tax proposals would add an estimate to the now with heavy emphasi on incomes below The program would be based on exemptions for single person and for husbands and wives a normal tax of 6 per cent insteac of and minimum surtax rate starting at double the present leve of 6 per cent on the first o net The rejecting Treasury decided to re tain the present 10 per cent earnei income credit up to in com puling normal taxes only and kept the present exemption for the committee would bring into the income tax fold for the first time single persons earning as little as a would increasi the average a year Con gressmans tax from about to about and would increasi the tax of a from about to There was no indication of jus how many people would be added to the who now pay in come taxes by the committees ex Presidents Plan Not Studied Committee members said there had been no serious discussion o President Roosevelts recent sug individual sincomes be held Jo a year pay although the rateswould mean thatamanwoul have to earn more than a ytiar before he would have that amount As in the case of the Treasurys recommendations for in new corporation com mittee approved only members made a sizeable cu in Secretary Morgenthaus revised request for in addi tional revenue from considering Treasury estimates on the yielc from a committeeapproved re quirement that married couple file joint the government would pick up more than from Treasury tax experts have ex plained in this manner the socallec salary wihthold tax as a means of collecting income taxes on a payasyougo basis Take a man who earns a month and who has a wife and one He would have dependent exemptions of To thai would be added 10 per cent of as an average for other re or a total of This would mean exemptions of a His estimated net taxable income would then be a A maximum ten per cent collection would ba made on that a Those month ly payments would be credited as part payment of taxes when in dividual returns are filed on March Turn to Page 12 Mexico Expected To Declare War On Germany May 21 aout dispatches from Germany said today that Berlin expected Mexico to declare war upon the Reich aft er receipt of an answer to her de mand for satisfaction in the sub marinesinking of a Mexican The relayed here Erom Berlin via said that Nazi circles also expected oth er LatinAmerican republics not now at war with the Axis to follow Mexicos It was said the Serman reply would be delivered The time limit which the Mexi can government set for Germanys reply expires at midnight Mexican time tonight 2 EWT Fri Sinking of the tanker with a loss of 14 lives has stirred violent public reaction in Mexico and pro duced outcries for an immediate war The de manding full was filed ast VESSELS BOMBED May 21 planes scored bomb and probably orpedo hits on a destroyer and merchant vessel Tuesday night in RAF headquar ters announced In the statement aer al operations were reduced because of bad One British plane was reported Continued Cool Weather on Two PRICE 3 To Carry Plea To Washington Against Burdensome Restrictions In Event Of Gas Rationing May 21 IP Trans portation officials of fear ing serious consequences for war industries in event gasoline ration ar ranged today to carry a plea Washington against burdensome Samuel president of the Street Railway said that rationing in un less carefully might cause the war effort here to be The Gilbert must take into consideration that more Marks New Phase in Firms War Work By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May first of the big fourengined bombers which soon will be put into mass pro duction based on automobile manu facturing methods has rolled off the new halfmile long assembly line of the 37acre Willow Run the Ford Motor Company announced Edsel told cor respondents on the National As sociation of Manufacturers on a production for victory tour that completion of the first bomber as sembly marked a new phase in Fords war manufacturing which now includes approximately 70 dif ferent Besides the Ford com pany is making tanks of modern ized fire control instru combat cartridges and engines for sea and air individual airplane parts and other weapons because of their tactical import must remain The bomber program we are now beginning is equivalent to the whole motor car Charles vice president de Our work on general war production will double the entire peacetime business of the Ford Motor Company and our ment will also be about dc Turn to Page 2 that of New 53 AnxioustO slowed down to a degree none of us can The official of the which already expects to be taxed beyond capacity by other rubbersaving moves reducing the use of the au annnounced that he soon would confer with government of ficials and outline Detroits ex ceptional Our transportation system cant of the country is put into effect Gilbert It would slow down toe wheels of war Detroit is the arsenal of the f me world and that it lacks a rapid den new surge in this sector Red transit system v comarable Kea transit system v comparable with Chicago or Only an estimated onethird of the industrial workers of Detroit ride on the DSR and only of the persons en tering the downtown area each day make use of city transporta Officials fear elimination of the automobile would make the situation virtually Harvey executive vice president of the Board of Com admitted being upset over the possibility that gasoline ration ing might create exceptional trou Rankin execu tive of the RetaU Gasoline Dealers Association of said he did not believe gasoline rationing would be ordered here to the same extent as it has been in the Expressing confidence that any ruling for this area would be greatly Peck said that plenty of gasoline is available and there are adequate facilities for transporting it AS mm LEAVE Take Lenawee Group to Detroit A qrowd estimated at per Iargest Get Back to Sea and Whip Heinies at the armory at AnunLua aim ueaung on a strong o clock to register and answer roll German force which attempted to 961 Rainsay of Adrian was reoccupy positions there in a dawn if hnffA The importance of the lame was indi cated by the fact that it is the thmeA y amsay o ran was reoccupy posi inree men and the captains pet appointed but the size of todusk battle survivors of a runthe quota made it necessary to ap The importance of the its ning eighthour sea battle with Point three assistant Edwin name was undisclosedwas indit three want tn Goff nf i lu return 10 uarence Bachcated by the fact that it is the geA a at man of and John Dowling center of 70 collective each wmp the of The Adrian high a community comparable in size to school band was present at the the average American country vil hlic 1 J The 53 and the dog included all hands aboard a mediumsized merchant ship sunk April The ship survived wo torpedo hits and engaged in a terrific cannon and mcchinegun dupl with the subs before a third torpedo finally sent it to the bot The sinking had been previously announced by the but the story of the crews harrowing es cape and rescue was untold until the survivors reached port The men spent about 84 hours in open rode a sub chaser to a Caribbean port and another ship to Tampa enroute to New the went with The pet of Captain Ernest Tarrow of Staten Y Mickey sailed with his master for three years and was regarded as almost another member of the When rations were doled out in life Mickey got his including Mick is eager to get back on another ship and get a crack at helping to whip those said Captain The ship was struck first by a orpedo about 2 but not dis The captain ordered full speed ahead with the submarine hi two other subma rines appeared on the surface and i brisk 15minute battle followed letween the ships gun crews and he undersea crafts cannon and machine The ship was damaged in the ex change but still not disabled and continued on a zigzag The survivors were unable to say if the subs were A second torpedo smashed into the ship three hours but yet the battered merch antman proceeded on its way with submarines giving Finally about 10 a third orpedo hit and stopped the Captain Farrow ordered her aban The 42 nine gun two passengers and Mickey piled into two boats and the ship sank in about 18 Heaviest Man In World Is Dead South The 42yearold native of Jo annesburg was known through Goff of Clarence Bach bus Mixed emotions were apparent witnessing the The selectees kept close to their im quiet tears were shed by wo are accepted for army service are feated allowed to return home for two station this mm DEFENSE BY RUSSIAN ARMY Reds Push Ahead 6 Miles After Wiping Out German Garrison KERCH BATTLE RAGES ON By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May Marshal army reported today Uiat lt ha3 one of the key German defense strongholds on the Kharkov wiping out the Nazi m a storming forward six Reporting the success of the sud ct tar of the Russian declared that the strong point was one the Germans had sought to hold at any planes and tanks were used in a concerted dawn batter ing of the strong clearing the way for an infantry charge which took the Red Star It reported that the Germans had held the fortified village for three developing an intricate system of defense surround ing it with deadly minefields and clearing zones for pointblank The Russians also captured five surrounding villages and repulsed reserve troops hurled forward in a German Red Star Meanwhile the Russians report ed fighting off German flanking as saults aimed toward Izyum and 80 miles southeast of and holding on grimly at the eastern tip of the Kerch pen barring the shortcut to the Red Star reported that the Ger mans heavy tank losses in the des perate fight for Kharkov had caus ed them to change their giving up mass mechanized coun terattacks and relying instead on charges by infantry battalions or regiments supported by only 10 to 15 Tanks Against Tanks he gigantic battles of tanks against tanks which characterized the start of the fight are continu in one sector and there the issue has not yet been decided the army publication At the same time Pravda report ed that guerrillas had recaptured one important city of several thou inhabitants deep in White driving out Germans who bid farewell to a contingent of Lenawee county men leaving for induction into the military crowded about the entrance to the and as four bus loads of men for Thedeparture occurred promptly uui uermans wno after tinmen had rehad held the community for four months and beating off a strong A Russian made no apijaiciii made no among the large number of those specific claim of further Red army jains in the drive to recapture the Kharkov industrial but de r uil UCllLCij mediate relatives and friends and clared that during the night of Vlay 2021 our troops continued of uj iTxaj uur iruops continues Harry clerk of the draft fensive battles in the Kharkov di said that a large number of men had applied for 10day fur It said that the dis iuA acnu me loughs which will enable them to regarding enormous have return to their homes immediately made counterattacks attempting after induction to wind up their to hold up the offensive of our business The new system but added that these at of whereby those who tempts of the enemy are being de are acceted for arm feated A London military commenta LU iciuui Hume xor two LtuiiuuH nuuiary commenia weeks has not gone into effect as tor said that the northern wing of It is understood that the twoTimoshenkos army continued a week deferment will become efslow advance despite the German fective June although this is but that the not southern wing of the Russian at After the men reached tack seemed to have been they went to a hotel for the perhaps by the German thrust in They appeared at the induction the Barvenkova Turn to Page 17 Even City Hall Feels War Tempo As Municipal Work Piles up The increased tempo of living months show increases of from 15 which the war has brought to the to 50 per cent in the number of homes and industries of the nation arrests also is making itself felt at the uiou jo mailing xciL LUC 11 iu always one or Adrian city hall where nearly every any communitys foremost head department of the city government presents new brain twisters haVps nn npw rintips tn nnlinn takes on new duties daily Increased activities in Adrian factories affect every resident of the city and what affects every resident has a direct influence on city officials and their More workers in the factories means more cars on the streets which ne cessitates an expanded traffic con trol system and increases the bur dren of street More workers mean more acute hous ing more new more water more police and fire For all these needs and for scores the city hall offices are the hub of Probably the most noticeable ef fects of the war tempo from a news standpoint is found in the city po lice department where the num ser of drunk fam ily traffic delin quent minors and other troubles las been swelled to record breaking Not the least of these troubles are caused by the scores of May 21 who troubles are causea oy tne scores or veighed 756 pounds but was only migrant mainly from ive feet six inches has died of southern who have come to Adrian to get war Arrests Increase For the last year or police ar j or me year or pouce ar outh Africa for years as the rests have been decidedly more nu eaviest man in the His merous every month than theyi vaist line measured six eight were for the same month in the nrtnae preceeding The greatest in When he was striken ill at his crease in arrests was noted in Sep it required 12 men to carry when arrests were more im to the truck which served as than 12 times more numerous than n Jthey were in Most Traffic always one of to the police department as cars stream through the factory dis trict when workmen change The same number of officers em ployed to keep the peace in pre war days now is doing the same job made more difficult by the No new men have been ad ded to the department to shoulder the extra law enforcement in Adrian under Com missioner Louis Germond has been kept on an efficient Upstairs in the city prob lems of a different type perplex Adelbert commissioner of public One of the foremost has to do with the opera tion of the citys sewage disposal groaning under the extra load placed on it by the stepup of Adrian industries to the wartime When the plant was designed a few years its designers failed to take into consideration the possibility of Adrians swift indus trial Outmoded in Two Years Within two years of the time that the plant was placed in oper its facilities were found to be inadequate to treat all of the sewage of the The inevitable result was the passage of quanti ties of untreated sewage into the River This brought charges of contamination from state offic ials and orders to remedy the con ditions at Turn to CITY Page ;