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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - May 1, 1942, Adrian, Michigan DAILY TELEGRAM Weatbet iMUUi OB Twe MAY 1942 PRICE SUPPLY CHINA THE SUGAR RATION BOOK APPLICATION BLANK Japs Take Lashio All of Bur ma Feared Lost to Invaders BRITISH ARE RETREATING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW May 1 Come what may in the sit uation looked dark military men here are determined to keep open the supply lines to China and to maintain communica tions vital to unified war The fall of announced yesterday by the compli cated the for establish ment of a Japanese air base there would endanger operation of the big American freight planes now carrying war materials into China from British troops fighting a delay ing action against Japanese at tacks toward Mandalay were re ported to have abandoned their po sitions on the Irrawaddy River bend west of that city and to be with drawing successfully to the north The wearied forces thus appar ently left to the Japanese the area around where the Ir rawaddy makes a big bend to the west and where earlier attempts to guard the Allied right flank A communique said Japanese pa trols had penetrated into the Mo 40 miles north of My ingyan and 55 miles due west of but were being success fully dealt Southern Defense Continues Allied defense continued on the Southern near less than 30 miles from Mandalay where the communique described a brilliant and successful fight with tanks by a Ghurka brigade which inflicted 500 casualties on the Japanese at the cost of only Jen of their The bridge at Kyaukse over a tributary of the Irrawaddy was blown Military quarters expressed the hope that the rugged terrain now Jying in the path of the the most severe the invaders have yet faced in Burma may delay their progress toward Indias north east frontier until the arrival of the heavy seasonal rains whieh are expected to halt large scale oper ations within a few The possibility that all Burma may be is clearly recognized and plans being laid At present here have taken on the bulk of the work of ferrying supplies to China and the Burma front because they have the big freight planes neces The number of planes now oil the the number to be added in coming months of a closely guarded military Nevertheless it can be said the scope of the operations has stirred the admiration of Indian The have been working under great difficul ties on the road from India to Already supplies are beginning to get through by pack animals and light journey of approxi mately 400 miles over some of the worlds most rugged Flying Tigers Active The work of the American trans port service is being ably supple ment by the Flying Tigers of the American Volunteer who already have scored many vic tories over the Japanese in American operations in this are not being conducted with an eye to the Burma front urgent as that situation they are steadily shaping into a large scale proposition Cor the launching of an ultimate of fensive against When the hour for that offen sive may strike no one can It is generally accepted here that rather than is go ing to receive first but this zone is becoming an increas ingly active center of American war Turn to Page 9 5T IN BELGIUM BERLIN From German Broad May 1 hundred and fifty persons were killed and about injured in an explosion which destroyed a chemical factory two days ago at Bel the Belgian government an A technical school and a number of houses nearby were destroyed or severely it The factory was full of workers and the school full of pupils when the blast The head of the German military administration of Belgium and northern France was reported to have gone to the sceneto direct relief and emergency DRY APRIL Mayl Unit ed States Weather Bureau said to day the past month was the warm est April in 21 years and the driest in 17 years in Detroit Average temperature for the past month was degrees above the This was surpassed only by in 1921 and in The months precipitation of inches was the lightest since the inches in Normal for the month is i APPLICATION FOR WAR RATION ROOK To A KfUnte ippBcatioji mtml be milt bj where the RecuUtiod on behalf of to whom a Rition Book to b Tb lot tub ud erery member of iFunilj Unit mi luitrucuool to Eefittru nut kmuleir onrf idalt membv of neb Famlj tool Bond Application nude at z OF OK OTBXE l L AND DESCRIPTION ol hook lo HZDDU IUHX Thereby mate applicationto the Office of Price an inner of the United Sutct for iunance to tbe penon and deacription are aet forth of War Ration Book One and all War Ratioa Book hereafter iagoed far which tbe penon named abore Rationinf Ibereby certify that I nave authority to make thb application on behalf of the penon named that no other application for a War Ration Book ha teen made by or no behalf of ench and that tbe itatemeatt meJe linra ar true to tbe beat of my knowledge and L a BOX Ka cm OK TOWN 1 Sex d couar IFemalerj coug Co If the penon named abore IS ametnhor of a Family itate 1 Number of penou in FamU indndiDi the penon named abore 2 The penon named abore is my D D D D D D D WUTt KXCXPTUMI 3 Total Amount of and brown ftugv in any Ibnn whkfa u owned by tbe Family Unit or Section 35 A of tbe United Code it a czinunal punishable by a maximum of ttn yvanf imprison or to make a Btatament or repre to any Department or Agency of the United States to any matter within the juria dictton of may Department or Acency of the United OT APPUCXHT I hereby certify that aifnatnn and that War Ration Book bearing the aboro been deliv ered to the the aboveMated of SIGNATURE OT This apace reserved for later entries by Local Board or Applicant The nndersijoed hereby certlfiei to tbe Price Administration that ha receired the following War RationBooks on the indicated below or on the back and that with each receipt be the truth of the U tlH foregoing If the person named aboTC IS NOT a member of a Family tbe total amount of white and brown tuf ar in any form which IB owned lay the penoa named Number of War Ration Stamp to be remored from Vmr Ratioa Book One upon tbe baiu of information itatcd OPA Form R301 a MOKK fiOVIIMMf NT OTTICC Continue on rerene Certain Manufacturing Or dered Suspended By Labor Board May 1 IP General Motors alleg ed to have violated priority was directed by the War Produc tion Board today to suspend cer tain announcing a suspension order effective charged that the corporationsTernstedt Manufacturing Division had used considerable quantities of scarce chrome steel and aluminum in vio lation of priority The WPB were used in manufacture of bright decorative radia tor grills and other body hardware for At a General Motors spokesman indicated that a cor poration statement might be forth coming A United Automobile Workers CIO official said that the union had advised the War Production Board more than six weeks ago that General Motors was using critical war materials Jerrir stedt Victor assistant de fense coordinator for the UAW said he had complained to WPB Chairman Donald Nelson that the division was using stain less steel for body trim and chrome plating for radiator Thousands of General Motors workers will be laid off for three months because of WPBs suspen sion Reuther He re ferred to the order as punish ment from the War Production and added that the layoff is to be A more just Reuther would have been to fine the corporation rather than to lay off the workers who were re sponsible for bringing the situa tion to the governments attention hi the first Turn to Page 9 Fingerprints Of Wardens Needed All Adrian air raid wardens who have not registered for civilian de fense work and who have not been fingerprinted in accordance with civilian defense regulations are re quested to do so at city said Wardens may sign up for civilian defense work and also leave their fingerprints at the police station at the city Kuney has re quested that the city wardens ful fill the qualifications An application for a war ration ing shown must be filled out for every Lenawee county resident next week when consum ers register at schools throughout the county for sugar rationing A separate application must be made for every person for whom a ration book is issued but one adult member of a family may make the applications and get the books for all members ofthe fami ly unit It is estimated that about four minutes will be required by teachers to fill out each application if consumers know allthe correct By studying the above application card Lenawee consum ers will save time both for them selves and for teachers doing the clerical On the basis of 1940 census reports more than application cards must be filled out in the The Adrian grade schools will be closed Wednes day and Thursday for the registra tion and all city residents are re quested to make application at the grade school building attended by children of their Registration hours are to 12 and to Rural schools will be closed Monday for the registra tion and on Wednesday and Thursday registration may be made after school Remem the exact color of color of age and sex of each mem ber of the family unit must be fur nished by the person making the The family unit has been defined by the Office of Price Administration as a group of two or more individuals consisting of all persons who are living together in the same household who are relat ed by blood or School Rationing Officials Complete Plans for Registration The Lenawee county rationing board was busy today rushing through plans for the consumer re gistration Wed nesday and Thursday when every sugar user in the county must re gister in order get a rationing booklet jpermitting the purchase The registration will oe carried cooperation of thg public school The registra tion will be various sctibl build ings in the In faci lities will be provided at the New Gar Lincoln and Jefferson ele mentary Registrants in Adrian will go to the school attended by children of the Other provisions have been made for residents in the rural districts and the other cities and villages in the The rationing board pointed out that any member of a family may register and obtain stamp book lets for the whole family as long as the registrant is over 18 years of Those who fail to register next week at the schools must do so af ter May 21 at therationing boards office in the court How in doing so the late regis trants must give their sugar inven tories as of May 4 and must pre sent a good reason why they did not register on The registration procedure is After the signing of an the stamp booklet will be A separate application must be taken out by each mem ber of a On the applica the registrant must state the amount of sugar he has on The ration booklets permit one half pound of sugar a week per One stamp is good for one or two The No 1 must be used between May 5 and The 2 stamp must Fire Bomb To Be Features dean Up and Paint Up tuned more closely to the times by the addition of a threeday de monstration in household methods of battling fire will be offi cially in Adrian Mon day morning at 7 oclock when members of the Junior Chamber of Commerce scrub Maumee Street between Main and Winter The token which will be carried out with the assistance of tools and equipment from the office of the Commissioner of Pub lic is the annual kickoff for the city beautification cam paign in which Adrian public and this hard working civilian defense are Of particular interest in this years Clean Up and Paint program are the demonstrations which will be held onthe baseball diamond at The Island of methods of extinguishing fire City under the direction of Chief Jack will ignite quantities of the prin cipal ingredient of the thermite fire and then extinguish the flames with water sand buckets and and chemi in the manner developed by The demonstrations will be given Wednesday and Thurs day May 8 and at and Residents of Lenawee as well as the people of are invited torat Junk Pickup of Clean up Week tend the accord ing to the Junior Chamber of Com There will be no admission The magnesium will be donated by Magnesium cooperation between the Clean Up and Paint Up commit tee of the Junior Chamber and civilian officials is evident in the announcement of Arthur chairman of the sal vage that a special col lection of and rubber will be held and May 8 metaland scrap are of particular and the committee to en courage the thorough collection from every has announ ced that the iuaterials will be sold and the fundsobtained will be used for the purchase of first aid and other defense The collection Julian the and Son salvage In the activities of the opening vof Paint Up and Clean theJunior Cham ber of Commerce holdits re gular meeting Monday night at the The program will be conducted the on city beautificatibh and Karl of civil be the ispeaireE Junior will also a breakfast conclusibh of cleantaB be used between May 17 and 30 3 between May 31 and June and the 4 between June 14 and June If a person has more than six pounds of sugar on he will not be issued a stamp booklet If he has less than stamps will be taken out of the booklet ac cording to the amount on Each two pounds of will be removed if the amount does not exceed that The booklets contain 28 which theoretically would cover 56 FLEET CUTTING ENEMY DOWN PEARL May 1 fighting ships that have been sunk by American surface and uiidersea craft have the answer today why a spirit of cool confidence pervades the Unit ed States Pacific fleet Ln the four months that the fast striking forces of the United States fleet have been on the they have demonstrated to the sat isfaction of the high command that they have the vital Whatever satisfaction the Jap anese got from the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor December now must be They have learned that there is quite a dif ference between a sneak attack be fore war has been declared and the application of the principle of sur prise in time of The Japanese also have learned there is a difference between get ting military information in time of peace and in time of Only fragmentary information regarding offensive operationsof the United States Pacific fleet has been made Yet in this par tial information it has been dis closed that losses of Japanese naval craft have been In these losses the greater percentage has been fighting with transports ranking second and commercial craft forming only a quarter of the The fleet is down the enemy It is cleaning out Japans nests among the islands west of It has made the eastern Pacific the safest waterway in the It is making the western Pacific more than unsafe for the May 1 chairman of the Michigan War Bond said today that the best wayto forestall compulsory savings program would oe to boost voluntary purchases of the bonds to increased quotas for called upon Michigan resi dents to do their pointing out the states May quota is greater than average monthly war bond sales in Michiganfor the eight ending Its simply a questionof wheth r the of Michigan want to buy bonds or face a compulsory savings program lat Isbey We need vast sums of money immediately to meet the demands of war prodiic If people it Congress will be to getit by r Daring Allied Riders Strike at New Guinea ALLIED Aus May 1 Japanese warplanes lined up on an airdrame Lae on the northeast coast of New Guinea were battered with bombs and machinegun fire yes terday by daring allied air it was annonced officially Three other Japanese attempted to in tercept a simultaneous assault on 20 miles to the south were shot out of the air by alliec bombers which went on to unload explosives on ground a communique from General Doug las MacArthurs headquarters said Our losses were de clared the The attack on which has been raided repeatedly during the last two apparently caught the Japanese for the communique mentioned no opposi tion by enemy fighter After Unloading their bombs on the i grounded the alliec raiders machineguns chatt er When toward home they left large fires burning the allied bulletin It described the as a brilliant communique reported thai eight Japanese bombers had raided Horn Island off Cape York at the northeast tip of but saic they did little Another Japanese formation a light raid on Tulagi in the Solomon Islands without headquarters In the Philippines the Japanese were reported to have renewed their bombardment of at tacking the fortress 12 times from the air yesterday butlosing three planes in the The sharp shooting Corregidor antiaircraft gunners also were credited official ly with damaging two other enemy The air raids on Corregidor were accompanied by heavy shelling from Japanese shore to which the big guns of the fortress Our successful fire scored hits on enemy truck columns and supply the communi que No change was reported on Min danao or Panay MOTORBOATS MUST HAVE LARGE NUMBERS PAINTED ON TOPS May 1 Guard officers here today that of undocumented motor boats operating in federally regu lated waters would be required to paint large numbers on the sides and tops of their craft for ready identification from air or The numbers must be displayed by about June the officers said The requirements Boats under 20 feet must carry numbers between six and eight inches Boats between 20 and 40 numbers 10 inches Boats 40 to 60 numbers 18 inches Boatsover 60 numbers 24 inches The Coast Guard here has not yet received from headquarters in Washington specific information classifying types of craft designat ed as BARRED FROM CANADA May of the Communist party in theiUhited who was scheduled mass meet ing will not be admitted to Foster is not eligible to en ter an immigration de partment No explanation of the ruling was LEAVES FOR ROME TOKYO From Japanese Broad casts i Gen military at tache at the Japanese embassy in departed for Rome where it was expected he would with Premier Musso Dbmef reported today from the German Stalin Declares Russians Growing Stronger Demands Defeat Of Germany In Reported Concentrating War ships and Troop Ships In Marshall Islands 3 MOVES OPEN TO THEM By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May of a concentration of Japanese warships and troop transports among the Marshall Islands in the south central Pacific gave rise to speculation in informed quarters today that a major thrust against the American supply line to Aus tralia was The island of center of the area in which the Japanese ap parently are is bul miles north of New where American troops landed re cently to join forces with the Free An equal distance to the southeast lies American and miles to the northeast is Because of this strategic loca experts the Japanese would be able to move in any of three main directions or they could try a series of feints in an effort to test American strength and then strike with full force wherever conditions appeared most First indications of what seems to be the latest development of Japanese strategy were given in dis patches from Australia recently saying that the enemy was gather ing ships and men in the mandated islands These reports were linked here with the disappearance of Japanese naval units from the Bay of off about a week Informed quarters suggested that those having carried but a purely raiding and reconnaissance mission against British had been withdrawn eastward in preparation for an attempt to sever between Aus tralia Australia lrirae Problem Australia than as these authorities see the is Japans primary military prob lem at this time and since the rapid increase of American forces in Aus tralia probably would make a front al assault too costly even for the Japanese to their logical move wouldbe to attempt a The strategy of the American high command in anticipation of just such a move began unfolding as long ago as last when a task force swept into the Mar shall and the adjoining Gilbert is laid waste numerous base sank 16 ships and planes at a cost of 11 American scout Since then task forces probably have been in almost constant opera tion somewhere in that is land studded One such movement was disclosed when it was announced March 3 that in operations west of the Gilbert Is lands an aircraft carrier had been attacked unsuccessfully by 18 Japa nese 16 of which were shot It was in line with these pre parations that American troops were placed in New Caledonia and a separate naval command recent ly was set upat New Zealand un der Vice Admiral Robert Ghorm No one denies that in any general outbreak of amphibious warfare in that region the Japa nese would be able to muster con siderable Most authorities believe they had anticipated and prepared for the heavy losses they suffered in win ning the and much of the Virtual ly all the warships they have lost thus far have been of the older arid much of their main force of aircraft carriers and bat tleships has seen little if any com bayt HARVESTER TO COMPLY WITH WLBS ORDER May 1 Inter national Harvester first concern ordered by the War Labor Board to establish maintenance of union will comply with the order it most Americans believe that un ion membership should not be for cibly increased at the expense of war About organized employees in eight middle westernplants are affected by the innovation under the company said last because it did not wish to take any action that would distract the company from its main task of war The maintenance of union mem bership principle freezes member ship in the majority union for the duration of the Union members must maintain their mem bership in good standing but those who wish to leave the union before the contract takes effect may do Nonunion employees or mem bers of minority unions are not compelled to join the majority The CIO Farm Equipment Work ers Organizing Committee and two AFL federal unions had requested a union shop ruling under which union membership would be a requisite of employment and had agreed thatmembers of nority union in each plant would join the ARMY TO TAKE OVER STATE FAIR GROUNDS May 1 army will take over the state fair grounds in Detroit May 15 for the Leo state agricultural made the announce ment here Thursday after a con ference with military officers in Detroit He said armys de cision made it definite that there would be no state fair this He said he did not know what happened to upset a tentative deal under which the Marine Corps was to have taken over the grounds as a storage agreeing to spend for improvements and to pay the state a year The ne will improve the grounds but will pay only one a year The army will lease the entire plant and take over the lease un der which the Detroit Racing As sociation each summer conducts a horse racing program on the fair grounds He said the army officers declined toreach an under standing with the association for a 1943 racing i Destroy 2 German Tanks Seize Prisoners May 1 ff Red army troops were reported today to have repulsed several Ger man attacks which were supported by armored killed 300 destroyed Nazi tanks and cap tured trophies and prisoners on a centralfront The Soviet information bureau said our tank crews are inflicting losses the enemys man power and equipment and the Moscow radio announced a Russian tank brigade previously credited with annihilation of had killed about more in fierce fighting on theKalinin front A Reuters dispatch from Kuiby shev quoted Zakharov of the Red army as stating that persistent Soviet attacks on the Kalanin front northwest of Mos had wrecked Nazi plans for a spring But he said the Germans were moving up reserves for an attempt at The information in a communique broadcast from Mos said guerrilla detachments operating in the Ukraine raided the Germanoccupied village of N April killed 109 cap tured weapons and documents and blew up an ammunition REPORTS GERMANS WANT TO MAKE DEAL TO CEASE BOMBINGS May 1 The Daily Mails correspondent in Geneva re ported today that a Berlin dis patch to the Journal De passed by the German said It is semiofficially stated here that Germany will call off the bombing of English towns if the RAF will change its methods of bombing German The Berlin dispatch added that the present bombing duel is high ly unpopular with the German the correspondent An authoritative British commenting on the Daily Mails said we are going after those blighters wherever they are and at every chancewe get and that is He said there had been no offi cial or semiofficial feelers intend ed to coax the British into an agreement to stop bombing Ger man towns in return for like se Late Bulletins May 1 ff The House Ways and Means Com mittee agreed today on a flat 94 per cent excess profits tax rate for Chairman Doughton DNC an nounced the committee had voted for the flat rate and also had agreed to retain the present Zi per cent normal tax for corporations with income of more than He said the committee hoped to vote later in the day on new sur tax schedules which are either 6 or 7 per cent at depending on May 1 Mos cow radio said today that during April the German forces on the Leningrad front lost over officers and killed and May 1 ff President Roosevelt annnouced to day that plans for voluntary regis tration of women for wartime ac tivities bad been Says Great Britain and Are Giving Russia and More AfcT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS May de clared in a May Day order of day that receiving more arid more military aid from Britain and the United must smash Hit lers troops on a surrenderofdeath basis to make 1942 a year of final defeat of the German Fascist We are able to do this and we must do whatever the premierdefense commissar told Russian armed workers and peasants on this in ternational labor which was observed within Russia at work instead of at He said Russia was fighting war of a just Stalin declared no such aims as the capture of othercoun tries or enslaving of other but added that the only way to win the war was to smash the invaders to the last man if they did not sur We must do this at any he His message to all Russian billboards radio and a nationwide network oi loudspeakers that drowned out the hum of machinery in flagdraped Stalin blamed imperialist agents of German bankers and pluto for the struggle named Hiti Von Himmler and other rulers of pres entday Germany as the watch dogs of the German bankers The premierdefense who directed the successful defense of Moscow and the Red winter counteroffensive launched five months asserted that Ger many weakened while our has become strpriger since the invasion June GermansDisappointed War has the German people mil lions l of hunger and Stalin Human reserves are running out Oil is running Raw materials are running out Recognition by the people of the inevitability of Germanys and guerrilla were said to haveweakened the Nazi rear while battle casualties and restriction of reinforcements seriously affected the invading The German Stalin is an army ofmedieval called upon to destroy European culture in order to institute the slavedriver culture of German bankers and He said the Fascists had been represented as nationalists de fending the integrity of Germany from as Socialists seeking to defend the interests of the work ing as the bearers of Euro pean Turn to Page 2 RAF Offensive Tapers Off to Reconnaisance Flights May 1 of fensive operations off to armed reconnaissance flights over night after eight straight nights of smashing blows at Nazi bases and supply but the British de stroyed a total of U German bomb ers over England and au thorities said Three Nazi planes were sent crashing to the earth over their French doubtless by British fighters which followed them home or circled over the airfields await ing their Eight were shot down in scat tered attacks along the northeast coast and in eastern the government and the ratio of destruction of these raid ers far exceeded the goal of 10 per cent set by defending gun and plane It is difficult to give a figure for the number of aircraft but it probably was well under a British source re Five out of 20 raiders were re ported destroyed in the German at tack Tuesday night on Up to noon today it was report ed there was only slight activity over the English Channel in daylight The Nazi forays last night caused some casualties a small number ofpersons but no extensive it yfas A DNB dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio said the coal export ing of on the Wear River 261 miles north of was Britons implied that interruption of the aerial offensive against Ger many was dueto a return of bad ;