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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - March 31, 1942, Adrian, Michigan DAILY TEL Snow OB Face Twoj MARCH 1942 PRICE 3 PUITO SHAME Bomber Commander Refutes Jap Claims to Su perior Flying Ability GIVES DETAILED REPORT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED STATES HEADQUAR TERS IN March 31 Eugene head of the bomber command in the Philippines and the Netherlands East smashed Japanese claims to superior flying ability with a report today that his men shot down 50 enemy pursuit planes in action and sank or seriously da maged 46 transports and 16 war ships up to March The officer gave the first detail ed report of bombing operations from the start of the war in the Pacific until the fall of bear ing out the previous assertion of Lieut George com mander of Allied air forces in the that the Americans had shot more than three planes to Cot of Port and said the Japanese losses he listed did not include numerous planes destroyed on the Our losses in action were ex tremely especially considering the long range of he said at a press We lost only two planes through pilot mistakes in landing This is a marvelous record and puts the Japanese flying to He described the heroic work of the bomber command in the Philip pines and the Netherlands East In praising officers and enlisted men The officer did not refer to his own achievements but his name is on the list of many bomber com mand members mentioned for var ious Not Caught Unawares Eubank said the Philippines were not caught unawares by the They had been on war alert and ready for enemy A number of missions were carried out 8 when Clark in the was He commended the heroic work on that day by David of Albuquerque Chaplain Joseph of Luther of and Sgt Anthony of Ray of and Fred of Fort went into the burn ing started planes and re moved many to The first major American bomb Ing attack on 10 in the Lin gayen Gulf and Vigan area destroy ed seven enemy including two and five The late Capt Colin Kelly hit a battleship and was shot down on returning to his Others in this action were Cecil of Capt Donald of San Fran cisco Walter of Albuquer que James of Elmer of and Edward of Platte and Lieut Earl of Walla and Elliott of One instance of good work was a raid against the enemy landing party near Legaspi Bay on Luzon Island by planes commanded by Lieut Capt Hewitt of and Jack of said Four enemy fighters were shot down in this en which was in bad Vandevanter was unable to drop his bombs because he could not find a hole in the clouds near the target but he remained and made several runs until he was able to release bombs Adams released bombs on the first Turn to Page WORKING TOGETHER March 31 Bombay correspondent of the Lon don Daily Mail reported today that Sir Stafford Cripps and Pandit Jawarhalal Indian nationa list are working together closely in an efort to win Indian acceptance of the British proposals for postwar dominion status for Pointing out that Nehru anc Britains special envoy met at breakfast and again at dinner yes the correspondent said Nehru is concentrating his ef forts on swinging the allIndia Con gress working committee of twelve over to the Five are sid ing with still are be lieved definitely opposed to accep tance of the LUEBECK RAIDED March 31 RAF bombing raid on Ger manys important Baltic Sea port of Luebeck last Saturday night was the heaviest attack of its kind yel undertaken in the present the Berlin correspondent of the Neue Zuercher Zeitung reported He while civilian cas ualties were they were mod est compared with the material damage The correspon dent declared that while the Ger man high command acknowledged destruction of a large number of civilian there could be no doubt that industrial establish ments suffered heavy JAPANESE AVIATORS WHO RAIDED AND LOST The surprise element did these Japanese aviators I This picture was released by the Wai Depart TT o one of the first to arrive since the war no They came out second best to forces who shot them down in one of the early laids on Here they rest after being treated for injur Associated Press photo from Army Signal Decision On British Offer Expected Today March 31 arose among British observers to day whether India would accept Britains offer of postwar domin ion status with no solid evi dence that Indian majority leaders had swung one way or the other yet there still was considerable jptimism for the success of Sir Stafford Cripps mission of free The final decisions of four In dian groups whose reactions are most likely to determine the ac ceptability of Britains proposals still were Reuters said that after thorough discussions within the working committees of the two dominant the AllIndia Congress Par ty and the Moslem the prevailing impression from both was one of hesitation as regards the chances of agreement Both their decisions were ex pected to be announced The Congresss working committee met this morning in New Delhi and it was understood that Mohandas andhi made a statement on the British The other groups were the In dian who also were said to je hesitating and the Hindu Ma Indias third largest par which was reported to have found the plan the Daily Express ave Cripps a 5050 chance and the Mirror said his plan was up against odds of Reuters quited the British envoy as saying in New Delhi that he hoped to get a decisive indication of the reaction of the main com munities either today or tomorrow and expected to be able to outline his next steps by Couple Convicted s In Flogging Of School Teacher March 31 ff jury that convicted and Arthur Leslie of assault and battery said they ought to be ocked up for whipping a school teacher who scolded their The read last night in a crowded but quiet court rec ommended that each be fined 5200 and imprisoned 30 days for the Dealing given Constance in her fifthgrade room at Longlois school Leslie would serve his term on ihe Putnamville State penal his in Indianapolis state womens Circuit Judge Lynn Parkinson will pass sentence Meantime they are free under The men and one a out three hours and eight The judge had told them to take into account the plea of temporary in sanity by Leslie before the start of the trial a week ago yes The when they heard the didnt say anything or give any hint of in contrast to when Leslie broke down oh the witness Some Are Excused to Reduce Size of Class About 275 air raid wardens out of an organization of 350 men re ported last night at the Adrian senior high school building for the first of a series of four lessons in Red Cross first It was necessary to ask some of the wardens to take instruction at a later date in order to reduce the size of the class to 200 St chairman of the first aid department of the Red is teaching the class and he is being assisted by Hervey county Red Cross and a group of others who have passed Red Cross courses in first After a lecture session in the high school auditorium the group went to the gymnasium for practice with The class will meet again Wednesday Thursday and Friday nights from to oclock to complete the course of intensive STILL AT HIGH LEVEL Adrian tax collections of all kinds during 1941 were approximately on a par with the 1940 collections ac cording to the annual delinquent tax report made to the city com mission yesterday by Fred John city Last year per cent of the to tal taxes levied were collected while in 1940 the percentage of col lection was The report showed that out of a1 total levy of were delinquent last In out of a total levy of were reported delinquent Last years delinquency included in county taxes in school taxes in city taxes and in The commission adopted a reso lution allocating to the Adrian civilian defense council to be used in meeting minor expenses incurred by the council in its Senate Acts On Bill By Vote of 73 to 0 ASK REPEAL OF Favor Permitting Prison Labor to Aid In War Effort March 31 state corrections commission may ask the legislature to repeal or amend the prison act in order that prison labor may be permitted to help with war Commission meeting here indicated such in tentions after hearing from Wil liam director of prison details of a federal plan for the utilization of prison factory equipment in the expansion of war The Munshaw act limits the sale of prisonmade products to state It was designed to prevent competition between prison labor and In another effort of corrective institutions to aid the war a plan was proposed for the training of prisoners in farm Farmers were said to have complained that parolees released to work actually knew little of such v Commission Chairman Leslie Kefgen said he had been asked to consult with Governor Van Wag oner on such a training program The commission consented to loan Garrett state correc tions to the Boys Voca tional School at Lansing as its ad ministrator for one A suc cessor is being sought for Major Robert who recently re signed as superintendent who at one time was war den of the state reformatory said he had met with school em ployees already and hereafter would spend part of each day I dont want to make any state ment about what I hope to accom plish until I know more about the Heyns The corrections commission de cided to allow Wardens Harry Jackson and Joel Moore of the State Prison of Southern Michigan and Ionia Reformatory to choose their from among the three leaders on lists certified by the civil service eligible for deputy at the state prison are Major Marsh Hilmer former corrections and George 1 di rector of education at the Francis and Robert inspector of guards at the state top the list of applicants for reformatory deputy The post of deputy warden at the March 31 things are looking up on that idea of boosting your pay to a The Senate voted yesterday to double the basic pay of Army buck privates but at least a fortnight and possibly much longer will elapse before the House begins action on the The House is in what virtually amounts to an Easter recess and there appeared little likelihood to day that the military affairs com mittee would start hearings on the pay increase bill before April at the As passed in the Senate by a vote of 73 to 0 the measure would make the first basic change in the Army pay scale in 20 years In addition to doubling the in itial rate for the bill pro poses increases all along the line for enlisted men in both the Army and In a master sergeant the highest noncommis sioned would receive month instead of petty officers in the Navy would receive similar The sponsored by Sen ator Johnson also woulc raise the basic pay of second lieu tenants and Navy ensigns from 500 to annually and adjust allowances for other personnel in the Marine Corps Coast geodetic survey anc public health The additional cost to the gov based on the size of the Army at the start of the was estimated by Senator Johnson at Majority leader Bark ley of Kentucky said the cost might rise much as the armed forces The Senate also passed and senl to the House a bill increasing the pay of the Philippine Common wealth Army and the Philippine Scouts to the same level as the United States with whom they are now fighting shoul der to shoulder on BAFFLUAPANESE Reports Tell of Allied Pilots Stamping Superiority Over Enemy POUND NEW GUINEA BASES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS March aerial blows on the Japanese inva sion base of New were announced today as reports old again of Allied airmen clearly stamping their superiority over the United States flying fortresses over New Guinea have been beat ng off the Japanese fighter planes n combat five miles high with the ail gunner proving especially deadly against air advices from Queensland In a tribute to General Sir Thomas commander hi chief of the Allied land forces in Prime Minister John Curtin that the return of iart of the Australian imperial orce from the Middle East was achieved without a single adverse He also praised the aid of Brit ish naval and other In the bombardment yesterday of ihe Lae airdrome from an altitude of a communique direct hits were scored on hangars and and buildings along side it were set Bad weath er hampered the Darwin Bombed Seven Japanese bombers drop ped 25 to 30 bombs on the Darwin the communique but caused neither damage nor It said one United Na tions plane was reported missing but its crew probably was At a for Cur tin declared that the British gov ernment and Prime Minister Churchill himself had agreed to the homecoming of a portion of I the Australian forces in the Medi terranean basin to give us the stiffening of battleseasoned veter GOVERNMENT REFUSES TO COME TO AID OF STATE BEAN RAISERS March 31 al again refusing to re lease tin to can the Michigan bean plan to send a representative to Michigan this week to urge farmers to take steps themselves to save bags of wet beans state commissioner of said federal offic ials told him in Washington there is no chance of tin being released to can the Michigan he Joseph White chief purchasing agent for the Fed eral Surplus Commodity Corpora would meet with bean growers in Saginaw again Thursday morn ing with the Michigan bean indus try committee and bean shippers here Thursday night to suggest methods of saving Card asserted upwards of 000 bags of Michigan beans were facing We want our farmers to move their crops some Card de so that they will dry be fore dampness increases in April We want them to get the beans out of even if its just to spread them on a TAX COLLECTIONS DOWN March 31 and collections in Michigan during February fell slightly below the expected the state revenue department reported Total collections amounted to ap proximately the depart mement compared with in the same month a year Walter deputy commis TIRE THIEF SENTENCED said last yearscollections March 30 in February included in theft of an automobile fire from aj sales taxes on indicat Joseph has been ing that consumer purhasing this prison reformatory sentenced to from 1 to 5 years in state prison for southern in circuit court year was continuing heavy because collections were almost sustaine without auto Movie Actor Lew Ay res on Way To Conscientious Objectors Camp March 31 Lew Ayres as the warhat ing German soldier who died trying to catch a butterfly on nomans land made screen history a dozen years ago in All Quiet on the Western Front that dra It was i a poignant death on the matic summation of the hate that young soldier had for Today Lew Ayres was speeding by train to near to take his a camp for conscientious objectors to better known in recent years as the humanitarian young physician In the Kildare se left quietly last night Even his studio didnt know of his plans his plea for classification as a conscientious It was left for the chairman of his draft to con firm the had been clasified as He asked for the other rating because of religious a sort of religion of his Peir told interviewers that prepared to that comes Blamy Australians must be stand up to anything and warned the people they must give their in every possible and quickly for 1942 may be the year which will determine the life or death of Australia as a na Whether or not invasion he the commonwealth must be Must Win or Die ho add that we have got to vfta this war or Allied airmen describe the Jap anese as daring but their efforts have been in Japanese stratosphere fighters attack at heights where snow fre quently is They dive upon the flying fortresses with all guns blazing and come out of the dive just above and to the rear of their intended This usually is an excellent van tage point from which to blow the bomber to smithereens but the Japanese are finding that they have underestimated the efficiency of the tail gun in the huge In every instance so these reports the tail gunner has brought down his March 31 won gains by Russian cavalry and infantry fighting on the battle torn Kalinin and central where Russian soldiers are bring ing heavy pressure to bear upon the were reported today the Red bureau of The midday communique said a cavalry unit repulsed a stiff Ger man counterattack on the Kalinin front northwest of drove back the German infantry and oc cupied an important populated The Germans were said to have lost more than 250 officers and men killed in this Prison ers also were reported On the central front west of where the Russians are driving toward the important city of the Russian com mand said an infantry unit took a strongly fortified enemy position after stubborn Barkley Favors Recapturing War profits By High Taxation March 31 W The Administration gave clear in dication today that it would fight to the last ditch against any moves to suspend the 40hour week law or to curb war profits except through Senate Democratic Leader Bark ley told reporters prior to a sched uled White House conference today on the legislative program that he was opposed to enactment now of any restrictive labor Barkley said he favor ed attempting to recapture exces sive war profits by high taxation such as the Treasury has suggest ed rather than through a flat limi iation of 6 per a method the House approved when it so ed a pending mili tary appropriation Barkley said suspension of the 40 lour week law was likely to cause chaos in war He ad ded that he would continue to op pose efforts by Senator Connally DTex to obtain Senate consid eration of Connallys measure freezing working conditions in strikebound plants taken over by the Contending that most war indus tries were operating far in excess of Barkley said the only question involved was whether employees were to receive time and a half for work over thai This time and a he represented about a 10 per cent in crease in pay over normal He added that there had been an approximate increase of 15 per cent in the cost of If you take away that pay in he you are go ing to have demands all over the country for readjustment of wage That is likely to bring chaos into a managementlabor situation that has become relatively quiet in the last few He said further that war con tracts had been made by the gov ernment on the basis of overtime payments to obtain needed pro duction If labor loses its overtime contractors are like ly to profit that much Bark ley The Democratic leader told the Senate yesterday there already hac been scandalous profits made by some firms holding war contracts Referring to disclosures before the House Naval Affairs Committee o large bonuses paid to officials of the Jack and Heintz Company of from profits on war Barkley said I say that disgrace and unscrupulous performance on their No one can condone that and yet I doubt whether we shoulc condemn all business and industry and should pass a law to affec everyone because we have found a bunch of little crooks near Cleve This plea is the hardest of all for a board to We finally came to the conclusion that his ob iections to army service were sin Thats there is to the He did add that Ayress case had jeen reviewedby the Department of Justice and the United States Attorney Generals usual in cases of this So another chapter in the Ayres career was Born in Min where he attended high Ayres drifted into California with a small time He played lie piano and The band prospered and so did young Soon he was in pic He played the youthful lov in Greta Garbos The around and he married Lola one of the Lane Came the role in All It more more He and Lola were divorced and he married Ginger Presently Gingers stock was high and Ayres Years went by and they separat were Suddenly Ayres found himself as Kil He lived alone on Lookout Moun He could look out his win dows and see the stars above and Movielands twin cities of flollywood and Beverly He iked astronomy and once told an interviewer he found a balance in watching them and the mortals of the At the Wyeth Ayres will get up at 6 daily and swing an ax 40 hours a pay S35 a month for the The 535 will defray his Along with 100 other objectors hell be on call for forest fire fighting Hell have only short recreational periods evenings little tune for star Chinese Accuse Japs of Starting Germ Warfare March 31 Chinese government spokes man at a press conference accused Japan of starting germ today warfare and said full information on the charges would be formally transmitted to United Nations gov An investigation by noted for eign and Chinese medical experts had established that a Japanese plane on November 3 dropped in fected material at Changteh in Ho caused the by bubonic nan Province which death of six persons the spokesman The findings of the experts had ben he When the day of reckoning comes the United Nations should give effect to the principal of individual criminally responsibility of those officers and men who or dered or carried out such inhuman methods ot as well as to the principal of state responsibil said the was a It is Onsted Mans Motorcycle Col lides With Truck Edsel Fish of 19yearolu worker at the Ford bomber plant at was brought to the Bixby hospital last night suffering with severe lacerations of his lefi leg and head injuries after his mo torcycle collided with a truck at Fifty stitches were required to close lacerations in Fishs leg and four stitches were necessary to close head According to reports Fish was riding the motorcycle north on the Rome Center road at the On sted school house about oclock ihe motorcycle collided with a truck by Millard Monagin that east on the Wolt Creek The motorcycle struck the truck near the front wheel and the truck before Fish and the damaged motorcycle could be removed from the The injured man was brought to the hospital in Adrian by Dr W V Hmshaw of Fish is the son of and Roy Fish of IS EXPECTED TO BEJiTEPPED IP Look for Increasing Number of Enemy Submarines In American Waters No Trace Seen Former Destroyer Used In Raid March 31 graphs taken after Saturdays Brit ish commando raid on the Nazi base at St Nazaire showed today that the lock gate was and that one of two ships hi the basin was British authorities A naval officer who took part in the exploit said the lock former United States destroyer loaded with five tons of probably would be out of use for a No trace of the the former United States destroyer which was turned into a huge time bomb was seen in the photo The officer said she prob ably sank at the lock Has Huge Shipyard The Penhoet shipyard at St Na is the largest ship yard in continental There the French liner Normandie now the Lafayette was and it was capable of building and repairing the largest liners of the Since the French armistice the Germans are said to have made a naval and submarine base of the port and to have used it for repair ing and outfitting raiders and sup ply The submarine base is said to be covered and to be im pregnable to bombing assault from the The main entrance to the Penhoet basin is to the southeast north east of St Nazaire It opens off the at the point where the river empties into the The shipyards flank the eastern side of the and the principal drydocks are near the northeast Locks Hold Water In The main entrance to the Pen hoet basin is known as the eastern entrance to the port This has an outer and an inner which are needed to hold water in the for otherwise at low tide it would be unable to float large From the entrance to the center of the Penhoet shipyards is a dis tance of almost a In addition to the shipyards on the eastern side of the basin there are naval and marine works and steel works in terralted with the metallurgical works of Trignac to the The outport of St Nazaire is to the It was constructed 50 years ago in the shelter of a pro jecting headland of From this outer harbor there is an en trance to the basin of St which is connected with the Pen hoet basin by a canal with To the southwest of Nazaire basin is another port and beside it is the eastern entrance to that Late Bulletins March 31 ish and Russian naval forces sank a German destroyer and beat ofl attacks of German surface crafi and Uboats Sunday while escort ins a convoy to the admix MAKES PREPARATIONS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS March man which have averaged a ship a day in American waters this can be expected to in tensify raiding in the weeks ahead as the weather becomes more But better weather will work both naval experts ex plaining that it would be equally favorable for air and surface anti submarine with a result ant heavier destruction of The experts asserted that the Nazis almost certainly had not reached the full power of their ong distance undersea offensive against coastal shipping and that an increased number of submarines probably would appear in American vaters in the near To offset this admittedly gloomy these authorities cited increasing effective antisub marine including Assignment of more and more patrol planes and blimps to the eastern sea frontier command of tear Admiral Adolpnus vho only last week was given uni ied control of Army as well as aircraft engaged in sub hunt More general adherence by merchant ship skippers to the Navy regulations that vessels traveling in coastal waters at night should run without lights day or should stick to patrolled Partial blackouts of the here ofore brightly lighted sections of lie coast which are believed to lave aided the Uboats by silhouet ting their 11 Ships Attacked The German submarines began prowling along the eastern coast in midJanuary and in the last half of that month attacked 11 ac cording to an unofficial compilation of Navy Department announce All but one of these was This same which does not include sinkings that for various reasons of naval policy may not have been showed 16 ships attacked and sunk during sunk out of 35 attacked during These fig ures in themselves indicate the possibility that the Nazis already have doubled their forces in the western fringe of the On the other hand the Navy has announced three submarines prob ably sunk and four damaged out of a total of 56 attacks made through February Results of antisub activity since then have not yet been There have been many vague ru mors of secret Caribbean bases and elusive mother ships facilitating the Uboat but experts place stock in It is a known fact that Germany has a large number of submarines capable of transatlantic with suf ficient fuel margin for operations along the coast Human Element Vital Factor The main limiting factor in sub marine operations is human endur A crew is good for about 40 days at sea on the al though some American submarines operating in the western Pacific have stayed out for much loneer If a Nazi Uboat on the 14 days to get across the Atlantic and another 14 to get it has about 12 days for ac tual raiding on this The fuel and ammunition it can carry will in almost all cases be adequate for such a One of the most effective meth ods to curtail Uboat operations is to attack the home as the British did at St last It also is generally agreed that the best method of protecting mer chantmen against an underseas campaign to organize convoys and give them warship But to do that job thoroughly in American coastal waters would take many more destroyers and similar light craft than can be spared at present if the is to keep open its vital supply lines across both Atlantic and Naval men say the answer to this is that at the present rate of sink and even at a doubled or trebled scores of ships travel coastal waters without incident for every one which is And the way to reduce sinkings in the long run without hurting the prose cution of the war they is to build more and more blimps and coastal patrol planes and more and more destroyers capable of hunting down and de stroying the alty announced March 31 The Russians reported today new im to lift up the rear Portant successes before Lenin where the LINDBERGH TO START FORD JOB ON FRIDAY March 31 Charles Lindbergh notified the Ford Motor last night he would report for work Friday at the com panys Willow Run bomber plant striving desperately to open up a land route with the Russian inter was said to have started roll ing up the German and Finnish forces along the whole The Soviet radio reported the capture of an important strategic Harry Bennett Ford personnel said he received the word from Lindbergh in a long distance telephone Henry Ford offered Lindbergh the post last week when the fa mous flier was here on a tour of Ford ;