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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 31, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Showers Weather Details on Page Two JULY 1942 PRICE 3 Jap Transport Set Afire Off New Guinea Destroyer Escort Shot Up JAP FORMATIONS SMASHED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MacARTHURS July the biggest outburst of aer ial warfare in the Australian area since the Coral Sea allied airmen destroyed nine of 49 Jap anese raiders over Port Darwin set another enemy trans port aflame off New shot up her destroyer escort and downed one enemy fighter and jossibly an other in that Allied lighters tore into the at tacking iorce of 27 heavy bombers and 22 escorting Zero fighters over Port knocking down seven of the fighters and two bombers at a cost of only one defending The Japanese formations were completely broken up in this allied described by a headquarters communique as a piece of brilliant The big raid upon the northern port came in the afternoon after a ineffective morning In other thrusts at the common nine highflying Japanese bombers made the first attack oi the war on Port small freight port southwest of in western causing slight damage and one and made a singleplane night attack on Horn in the Tor res Keeping up their own offensive allied heavy bombers pounced on the destroyerescorted Japanese transport 100 miles ofl Gana and scored five direct leaving the vessel spouting flames visible for 30 Destroyer Attacked Then the destroyer escort was machinegunned from low level and her antiaircraft guns were The described by to days communique as a medium sized cargo was the fifth enemy ship damaged or sunk since the Japanese invaded the Papuan Peninsula last Heretofore one transport was sunk and two others and a destroyer were hit by allied From all yesterdays operations three allied planes were For the first time in several days allied headquarters said there was no grffund activity at in land village midway between Gona Mission and the allied base at Port The latter was attack ed by three Japanese night raiders without An Australian correspondent in New Guinea related in a dispatch today how 60 Japanese were killed when they walked into an allied trap recently at near Jap aneseheld The enemy force of 115 men en tered a clearing covered by allied machineguns and was caught in a deadly cross The correspond ent said the Japanese abandoned dead and wounded native guides and much equipment but carried their own dead The allied jungle he operate from secret camps and scout jungle paths searching for the FORD OBSERVES BIRTHDAY TEMPO OF ALLIED I guess Im getting on in Henry Ford re marked on his 79th birth anniversary as he visited the little shop in which he built his first sat in the car above and gazed at the crude equipment he used half a century The shop is near Detroit High Court Denies Motion Of 7 Saboteurs To Avoid Trial By Military Court HALTED IN PONIHC July 31 JP War production halted today at the Pontiac Motor Division of General Motors here after pickets turned away day shift and a CIO union leader said the employees were joining a mass demonstration in connection with a CIOAFL organizational dispute over retail food store A spokesman for the manage ment said the plant was shut down completely when CIO pick et lines were established at all entrances at 7 and the workers turned refusing to pass the Tucker regional direc tor of the United Re tail and Department Store Em ployees said the Pontiac workers responded to an appeal to join a parade designed to convince state and federal authorities that an AFL blockade of food deliver ies to retail stores should be Members of the Retail Clerks Union AFL have been seeking to organize employees of indepen dent food stores in the Pontiac and have enlisted the aid of AFL teamsters in shutting off de liveries to all stores whose owners have cot signed AFL Smith estimated that Pon tiac workers would join about retail store employees in to days NAMED OPA ATTORNEY Virgin July appointment of Stewart former Boston newspaper man and foreign cor as attorney for the Of fice of Price Administration In the Virgin Islands was announced to Rupert Harvard professor now regional director of the OPA in cabled of the naming of who had been executive assistant and public relations officer to the governor of the Virgin Islands since By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July seven alleged Nazi saboteurs lost today in their effort to escape jurisdiction of President Roosevelts military commission by appeal to the supreme court Chief Justice Stone announced that the court denied the prison ers motion to file writs of habeas Only seven of the eight accused saboteurs sought the writ The courts opinion found That the charges preferred against petitioners on which they tried by a military1 com mission appointed by the order of the President on July al lege an offense or offenses which the President is authorized to order tried before a military com That sion was lawfully That petitioners are held in the military commis by writ of habeas The opinion then said The motions for leave to file petitions for writs of habeas corpus are The orders of the district court are The mandates are directed to issue Questions Considered The courts announcement ex plained The court has fully considered lawful for trial before the j Colonel Kenneth military and have not had argued the case before shown cause for being discharged Woman Is Killed and 2 Children Hurt THREE July 31 invalid woman was killed and two neighbor children were seriously injured when their homes collapsed about them in the midst of a terrific wind and rainstorm here last Emma was found dead in the yard of her A timber had fallen on her She had been lying on a couch when the wind tore the house from its foundation and demolished the home next The injured neighbor children were Dee Royce whose legs were and his who suffered fractured When the wind wrecked the Peters Peters was in the basement and escaped I came up to find the house blown he The at about 6 caused extensive damage in the north section of this city of and county seat of Joseph Damage ran into many thousands of the questions raised in these cases and thoroughly argued at the and has reached its conclusion upon It now announces its decision and enters its judgment in each in advanceofthefpjcgporatibn of a full opinion which liecessarily will require a considerable period of time for its preparation and when will be filed with the The military commission trying the eight prisoners heard the open ing of final arguments Attorney General Biddle and who the supreme court came to to hear the after the commission took a twohour luncheon Biddle said arguments before the commission might be finished speedily and the commissions ver dict go to the President next said he did not know whether proceedings could be wound up that The commission set for a resumption of the Murphy Disqualifies Self The eight Surpreme Court jus tices weighing the Murphy disqualified himself be cause of his present service in the into a twohour conference immediately after NEW AIRCRAFT CARRIER POISED FOR LAUNCHING NEWPORT July United States Navys first aircraft carrier to be launched since Pearl Harbor was poised to slide into the James river today at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company plant The the Es completed in 15 months and three days after her keel was The public was barred from the simple The Navy ar for the combined blessings of a er Albert Stone Norfolk Navy and the ships Artemus of Locust Long wife of the assistant secretary of Navy for to accompany the Essex down the Gatess daughter and two of her Alessandra and of Weeks Rainfall Was Heavier Than In Average Month Last night inches of rain bringing the total rainfall for this week to The rainfall last night was not quite so heavy as that received Monday when slightly more than two inches of rain fell during an electrical The total of these two re corded during the same is more rain than was recorded any other month this year with the ex ception of June when almost four and one half inches of rain SEEK BURIED TREASURE IDAHO July 31 frontierdays treasure supposedly buried by fleeing stage coach modern prospectors are digging beneath the waters of Mud The headed by Manford merchant built a cofferdam far out in the lake last fall to shield their exca but rising waters topped it and brought suspension of the search until July President of General Mo tors Corporation in telegrams to Secretary of the Navy mem bers of the War Labor Board and Donald chief of the War Production today de scribed as more than a national the arbitrary closing to day of the Pontiac Division of the Corporation by a jurisdietional dispute involving grocery 1 think I can agree with he wired a Labor Board that in times it approaches two days of arguments had been completed yesterday and this cir cumstance led to the expectation of a speedy In adjourn ing the special term until the court made no an nouncement as to whem its ruling would be Before the court were two ques submitted in the prisoners brief thus May the petitioners six of whom are enemy aliens maintain this proceeding for a writ of hab eas corpus If are the petitioners un lawfully restrained of their lib erly parenthetical phrase Believe Russians Pressing for Diversionary Action In Western Europe CITE NAZI PEACE FEELERS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July The quick ened pace of British and American offensive preparations in this thea ter and the constant conferences of Allied war leaders were viewed in London as indications that the Russians have mafle it plain they think the time is ripe for a diver sionary action against the Germans n western Discussion of sucH action was given urgency by reports from con linental sources of new German attempts to capitalize on Russias situation and drive a wedge be ween the Allies by separate peace Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky s said to have given a frank ap raisal of Russias military condi ion in a closed allparty session of members of parliment On the same Maxim Lit Soviet Ambassador to Wash visited the White While some persons believed London and Washington had been given to understand that Russia would be content with raids on Germany and bigscale commando provided war equipment can be delivered to the Red Army on the required a guarded dispatch from Moscow today suggested strongly that the Russians would not be satisfied with merely an aerial second Some observers were of the opin ion that a land diversion in the west and solution of the Murmansk supply route troubles might be identical establishment of bases in Scandinavia to provide air protec tion along the bombblasted Arctic convoy Offensive planning was said to be taking into account the danger that too long a delay in action might force the Russians to use up their reserves so that they would have no striking power when an Allied victory drive got Germans Expect Victory Responsible foreign sources with continental connections said they had heard that the German higr command was convinced it could smash the Red Army by next win ter unless something unforeseen should Russian Armored Trains Bring Up Fresh Troops Nazis Stopped West Of Stalingrad Expanded Production of Cargo Airplanes Is Being Sought that of the They t con tended that the youngest Herbert Hans was an American citizen the prosecution disputed contending that he had joined the German in which case he would automatical ly forfeit his An eighth George John did not seek the Supreme Courts Turn to Page 9 These sources said with this the Germans believerthey JAPANESE Lose 4 Bombers and 3 New July 31 Japanese in two separate attempts to raid Hengyang airdrome yes terday lost four bombers and three new Zerotype fighters under the guns of fighters of the Air Force in Joseph Stilwells headquarters report ed In todays headquarters communique a number of Japanese aircraft probably Yesterdays communique had told of only one raid on Hun an and credited two American pilots with shooting down three bombers from enemy communique a nineplane disclosed there were two raids and a heavier toll of invading aircraft and added that one American plane was The was Capt Albert Baumler shot down two of the Japanese the war bulletin the same num ber as credited yesterday to John Allison of Ali four of the bombers were downed in the first It was while returning from this engage ment that the one American plane casualty crashed when coming in for a three enemy fighters were destroyed during the second attack to bring the score to the biggest single days bag since the regular Air Force succeeded the American Volunteer Group on The communiques reference to the newtype Japanese Zeros was the first made of the use of these planes in It was believed they were brought in to deal especially with the American but their first days work was a Every oneoi the bombers they were escorting turned tail before getting to its target GOVERNMENT RESIGNS July 31 Prime Minister Ali Soheily an nounced the resignation of his gov ernment today after several of his cabinet ministers quit Soheily said the cabinet would continue to function until formation of new government The crisis appeared to Be July 31 ienate advocates of a fleet of giant cargo planes to speed war deliver es set as their immediate goal to day the expanded production of smaller air freighters now under construction for the army and Chairman Lee DOkla of a military subcommittee seeking support of a resolution to set up a separate board to produce 70ton flying boats said the smaller cargo planes should be built in far great er numbers than Lee termed the testimony yester day of Henry west coast a real shot in the for the particu arly Kaisers assertion he could produce the first big ship within 10 months after receiving if iven the green light and a steady low of Kaisers confidence that he could convert part of his shipbuild ng facilities at once to the produc tion of cargo planes stimulated the committee Lee We invited him to return In the we are hope ful that something will happen to stir aviation authorities of the army and navy out of excess cau and to the desperate daring needed in this grave As a the smaller cargo planes now under construction should be multiplied many Kaiser told both the Lee and the Senate defense investigating com mittees yesterday that a signal from President Roosevelt would start shipbuilders all over the country producing cargo planes since he said American ingenuity could overcome every obstacle of fered by shortage of engines and other The way to handle a bottleneck is to crack he adding If the President were to call on the nations including Tom Girdler of Bethlehem Steel and Glenn Martin of Baltimore and the could hold Russia and all occupied countries in check with a maxi mum of 120 divisions and have 100 divisions men or more for these steps A smash through the middle east to drive the Allies out of north the Mediterranean and Asia Minor and isolate Russia and India Turn to 2ND Page 9 TOCliTPLi July 31 P Treasury support was reported imminent today for a change in the new revenue program which would permit individuals and cor porations to cut down their war time tax bills by a percentage of the amount they pay on home loans for plant facil ities and other outstanding debts Senator Brown DMich told reporters he had become convinc ed in conferences with Treasury experts that a debt amortization plan of this nature would be ad vanced by them before the Sen ate Finance Committee concludes current hearings and begins a de tailed study of the tax Brown said there appeared to be strong sentiment within the committee to link some such pro vision with a proposal by Senator Guffy DPa to boost the House approved 90 per cent excess prof its levy on corporations to 100 cent and to provide for a per cent postwar rebate of that The Treasury has suggested that the 90 per cent tax be but that 10 per cent be paid back to the corporations after the war to finance improvements and to provide Turn to Page 9 N A V A L APPROPRIATION MEASURE AWAITING PRESIDENTS SIGNATURE July 31 A naval appropriation bill including authorization for de velopment of a secret wea awaited today President Roosevelts The bill on which the Senate completed Congressional action calls for expenditures of on the mysterious weapon and in training men for its The Navy has guarded the secret so closely that only the House and Senate Naval Affairs Committees have information about aside from certain nava The measure also provides for liquid fuel Marine Corps training ordnance personne training hospital 000 shore naval research miscel laneous structures advance rest of youd see this job could be in a radio irom his Middle plant last described this as a 300 mileanhour war and said a fleet of 300 flying vessels could put 000 men in Europe in three Transports capable of carrying 150 fullyequipped troops each to any part of the world within five days could be turned out at any rate Martin if materials were made He described his newlycompleted 70ton flying as cap able of carrying 20 tons of war cargo and flying nonstop to Europe and and said such lying boats could make 24 round trips while a Liberty service freighter was making REPORT JAPS ARE MASSING July 31 presentatives of the CIO United Steel Workers and five subsidiaries of United Steel Corporation begin negotiations today on the unions demand for a 44 cents a day wage a checkoff of union dues and maintenance of union member All three of the demands were awarded to the CIO by the War Labor Board in its decision in the Little Steel case affecting 000 employees of four In the CIO has an nounced it would ask Steel for back pay on the increase from 6 because the WLBs decision in the Little Steel case made tile wage increase retroactive to that Other demands which the union said it would place before Steel negotiators include a min imum daily guarantee of pay and simplification of grievance machin The five Big Steel which now pay a basic daily wage of employ approximately They are CarnegieIll American Steel and Tennessee Iron and National Tube and Columbia A CIO policymaking committee from Steel plants two weeks ago instructed union leaders to seek reopening of the contract for inclusion of the Under an escape the contract will be abrogated unless an agreement is reached within 10 days or un less it is extended by mutual con VERBAL DUEL HEADED OFF July 31 fl An apparent verbal duel between Price Administrator Leon Hender son and Interior Secretary Ickes has been headed off by the Office of War in accordance with its recent offer to help har monize the views of government The thrust was made by but the parry by Henderson was It started when Ickes took sharp issue with a nationwide gasoline rationing program which Joel OPA rationing said he and Henderson had en dorsed and submitted to Presi dent Roosevelt Asserting that nationwide ra tioning wont help the East Ickes said I dont think Dean is an ex pert either in the production or transportation of petroleum and it is very embarrassing for anyone to make a statement of that sort when he doesnt know the and I dont agree with his conclu Shortly afterward reporters were informed that Henderson was preparing a Then the Office of War Information an nounced that there will be statement July military sources said today that Japanese forces nearly strong were concentrating in Man chulu opposite the So viet frontier from Lake Baikal to the and there is little doubt they are planning to at The Japanese are already in po sition to attack whenever they said one source who de clined to permit identification by Japanese engineers have used large numbers of Chinese prisoners to construct and develop road and rail communications with the pre sent concentration it was de Like all the Japan ese can strike wherever they choose along a long the source predicting that they wouldvmake least drives in the north in an attempt to iso late August and September are the best months for campaigning in that he and the Jap anese inactivity in all other spheres except the north Pacific indicates Siberia is their objective for the last half of Scattered Attacks On Britain Reported July 31 fighters swept across the channel in the direction of Boulogne this morning in a resumption of day light raids on the occupied French coast after a night of scattered German bombing attacks upon Nazi planes also were active over the channel during the forenoon and heavy antiaircraft fire was audible for several minutes on the outskirts of which had two quick alarms during the night fifth and sixth of the The gunfire sent shoppers in the capital scurrying for but ground watchers spotted no enemy planes over the Eight towns in the Midlands were hit with high explosives and incendiaries by the German night who followed the usual practice of lighting up the target area with flares before unloading their One Midlands town had its first real raid of the In a a wellknown church was and in a third lowflying planes machine gunned the Seven of the raiders were report ed shot down by British defenses and an eighth was destroyed over its base in Holland by an RAF A number of casualties occurred in one west Midlands where seven persons were trapped in a shelter crushed by a direct bomb hit Casualties however apparently were No bombs fell on London but the citys secret new antiair craft guns again were in British offensive gestures in cluded a foray over northern France last evening by a strong force of Spitfires and Hurricane which attacked a German airdrome Enemy fighters rose to challenge the British planes and a series o violent dogfights during the air ministry five Nazi aircraft were shot Two other German fighters were reported destroyed by Spitfires and Hurricanes during sweeps along the French coast yesterday after in which an enemy tanker was set afire off Brittany and a small motor vessel was damaged The British said they lost 13 planes in the afternoon and eve ning Germans Say Lower Don Has Been Crossed On 150 Mile Front By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July 31 trains of the Red army rolled into the shelltorn steppes of the Don bend bringing up fresh re inforcements for the defenders who already had reported checking the German onslaught west of Stalin The new troops were rushed straightway into the battle lias raged for a week in the great loop of the front dispatches But while the Russians there were said to be holding the Nazi even thrusting it back at some the situation below Rostov continued extremely with the Germans admittedly still able to roll on at points south of the The German high command that its forces had crossed the lower Don on a150mile front and that some of its spearheads were 112 miles south of the with the important railway station of Kushchevka captured by a Nazi The Soviet armies along the Don were fighting under exhortations of their leaders and the whole Soviet press to die but dont re treat and to live up to the tradi tions set by Russias greatest war riors of the the latter a theme set yesterday by Joseph Stalin him Dispatches from the hardpressed front south of Rostov and Tsiml yansk said the Russians had lost further ground and reported a grave threat developing between 15 miles south of and the Sea of Deal Foe Heavy Blow Although there was no indica tion that the main Caucasus army of Kozlov yet had been thrown into the Red Star reported that in the Don battleloving cavalrymen from the Soviet Bashkir republic on the western slopes of the Urals had dealt the Germans a heavy blow in a surprise night Led by Mingaly Shaimura a veteran of 25 years of mili tary operations who lost his life in the the hardriding de scendants of the warriors of Ghen gis Khan were said to have driven the Germans out of a village with heavy Red Star said a full division of the Bashkir cavalry had joined the Don bend It was there that the Russians reported repulsing theGerman at tack a seesaw battle south and southwest of 80 miles from where the Ger mans hurled flying wedges of troops walled by tanks into the fight From the Voronezh front the Russians also reported repulsing the Germans in fighting for bridge heads for both sides of the Uses Flying Wedge Field Marshall Fedor Von Bock used the phalanx or flyingwedge attack to strengthen the Nazi bid for but Russian ac counts said it resulted Fresh gains were reported also in the bitter battle of but the Red army lost ground again in a transCaucasian engagement below Turn to Page 7 War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS armies rally to throw back invading Nazis in some sectors of Don River but Germans claim spearheads are 112 miles south of Rostov as they introduce tankled flying wedge high ranking Air Force officers and Canad ian ground crews arrive in Lon giving new impetus to talk of second front German raiders attack eight English towns RAF resumes attacks on French inva sion raid Cairo from air as Italians claim they repulsed British attack on El Alamein front of Egyptian defense military source says Japan has massed troops on Siberian border for at tack on Russia MacArthur head quarters in Australia report great est air battle since Coral Sea when nine Japanese raiders were de stroyed over Port and a Japanese transport was fired off New Todays Map For a map showing the German sliceoff technique at turn to page seven of todays ;