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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 29, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Thunder showers Weather Detain on Page Two JULY 1942 PRICE 3 VETO OF RUBBER BILL E Additional Move Is Being Planned on He Says SHORTAGES ARE COMING July 3 Authorizing the use of direct quo President Roosevelt indi cated at a press conference yester day that he would veto the bill re cently passed by Congress provid ing for the creation of a separate agency to make synthetic rubber from grain When correspondents asked wha tlie status of the bill the President replied The chances are it will be ve He authorized the use of the di rect The indications are at the present that the meas ure has enough Congressional sup to be passed intc law over the Presidents I a veto message goes to Congress it is estimated that more than three fourths of the members must re turn to Many Con gressman are on an unofficial ad journment with less than 100 re maining in the While asserting that he was plan ning an additional move regard ding the President said he not ready to disclose what it Chairman Gillette DIowa ot the Senate Agriculture Subcom mittee which sponsored legisla tion designed to further produc tion of synthetic rubber from grain said today that he hoped President Roosevelt had a plan for bringing sources of syn thetic rubber to the best develop The committee is more inter ested in results than Gillette He added that if the Presidents would push syn thetic rubber production from all sources it will be very pleasing to the which is tremen dously concerned over the dire need of every pound of rubber that can be made available in the shortest Shortage Predicted Progressive shortages in essen tial supplies appeared likely today to bring more forcibly to everj home what President Roosevelt termed the need of a greater real ization of the seriousness of Asking full civilian participation in a scrap salvage drive and warning of forthcoming shortages in many the President said at the press conference that the situation had yet to be realized by many people in the He declared that while there be no general food many specific items available now would be lacking A current shortage of meats in some he was symptomatic of con ditions which will produce deficien cies of certain foods in the The President attributed the lack of meat to the fact that the armed services have grown to about with a greater con sumption of meat than in normal times purchase of more and bet ter cuts by people with more money to and arrival of the offseason for Everyone Can Help Describing the coming scrap salvage drive as an opportunity for every person to take a personal part in the war the Presi dent called upon families to ran sack attics and backyards for old rubber and he urged that waste fats be turned over to meat The lack of raw Roosevelt is in many ways a seriously limiting factor in war The more scrap turned he the greater the output of tanks and The President said he still was scrutinizing the inflation problem but was not ready to announce his next Information on the sub ject he was being boiled down for him by Samuel New York Supreme Court a close Other developments expected to cause more persons to feel effects of the war included a request by de fense transportation director Jo seph Eastman for elimination of much local railroad service where reasonably adequate bus service is Because of submarine warfare to the Caribbean and diversion of the office of Price Ad ministration announced the outlook for future sugar supplies from Cuba and Puerto Rico had taken turn for the July bureau of investigation agents con tinuing their searches in homes of enemy aliens for contraband of centered activities yesterday in and the Detroit In the FBI agents con fiscated five two three guns and 50 rounds of ammu nition at three None of the aliens were Altogether the FBI made 16 raids 12 of them outside Detroit It was the third successive day of John chief of the De troit FBI said aside from raids yesterday were made at Monroe and a few other Moscow Wondering When 2nd Front Will Be Opened But Shows No Impatience By EDDY GIL3IORE July front talk in Moscow is more in the nature of wondering when there will be one rather than impatience over why there is Its difficult however for a for eigner actually to know what is being thought and said because your conversations with Russians naturally are You can stop them in the streets and ask them what they think about a second front At first all are startled they dont know to whom they are talking and it is doubtful if you will get if After stopping a lot of them talking with Russian read ing newspapers and listening to Red army soldiers and political commissers in private conversa tions you are able to get some kind of Convoys Now Plow Southern Waters With Compara tive Safety ABOARD a Warship in the Caribbean Sea on a Recent convoys of merchant ships are plowing with relative safety through these once danger ous United States navy men are suc cessfully matching wits with and outmaneuvering undersea ma rauders that littered the sea with sunken ships in days before con voying This reporter and an Associated Press Earl are aboard a swift hardhitting warship which escorted the first Caribbean convoy to its destination and is returning with another to a United States port Lieut John former instructor of ordnance at the Naval Academy and a veteran of foreign directed the first convoy as officer of this warcraft So successfully has he outwitted and outmaneuvered submarines that not one torpedo has been fired at our fleet of mer chantmen despite several skirm Walsh summed up the new order for Axis raiders by saying They may sink but from now on they fight for every one July 29 tural officials from ten midwest ern states returned home today to map out a plan to market the heavy run of hogs earlier than usual this fall to avoid a shortage of Secretary of Agriculture Wick ard informed the war board chair men and extension service officials meeting with him we need more hogs marketed Otherwise we face a serious tem porary shortage of pork With a fourth more hogs to market this fall and he we must spread out normal peak marketings to avoid jamming packing plants and trans portation Wickard also urged farmers to change feeding methods so their hogs will be fat despite being shipped to buying centers early and to use feed supplies carefully to conserve We warned that the corn borer pest making rapid headway in was the eastern part of the corn belt and was a serious threat to future pro KEPT OFF M AIR NEW July 29 music of at least 15 big name dance bands as picked up from hotels and night clubs was off the Mutual Broadcasting Systems network to day as a result of a dispute be tween the American Federation of Musicians AFL and MBS affili ates KFRC in San Francisco and WARM in Mutual General Manager Fred Weber said last night that AFM President James Petrillo had ordered the move without notify ing the network and that the stopping pickups of the orchestras of Cab Tommy Henry Busse and hadbeen put into effect through local ROOSEVELT HOME FOR HOPKINS WEDDING July 29 XP Fvranklin Roosevelt is home oday checking up on the dozen details concerned with the first White House wedding in 24 Hopkins Macy marriage set for The first lady has scheduled a press at which the last minute arrangements may be dis closed later in the So far it has been announced that it will be a simple the wedding of Harry close friend of President and Louise Gill New York First of the Soviet citizen firmly is convinced that a second front has been promised with a definite yet President Roosevelt and Prime Minister They believe the two leaders gave their promises to foreign com missar Molotov on his recent trip to Washington and If Churchill and Roosevelt had set some date and their promise was not kept you could be sure our leaders would speak sale one If this came about there could be no doubt where the Russian would place the Church ill and Roosevelt He has been conditioned for this and there are lots of reasons why the Russian wonders when there will be a second front Increasing reports in the Sovie press of German divisions being transferred from France naturally raise this question here whats left in France to prevent a second front On the other British sources have contended that the Germans built up divisions in France and the low countries and transferred them to the east when trained and move ment to Russia therefore not re flecting any weakening of the western front forces charged with defense One thing is certain If Spviet leaders ever raise their voice of ficially asking why there is no second there is the definite impression that Americans anc Britons wont win any popularity contests 32 Bombers Admitted Lost on Night Foray by About 600 Planes July 29 Germanys greatest port and most heavily guarded was battered last night for the second time in three nights by the RAF with a ruinous rain of explosives and incendiaries in a raid perhaps again on a 600plane The thunder of bombs in the al ready hardhit submarine building center drove home Air Marshal Sir Arthur Harris1 grim promise we are going to scourge the third Reich The theRAF cost 32 more than the number of planes lost in the Sunday night attack which return ing pilots compared in destructive force to the bombing of Bremen last The RAF statement that the Sunday night losses were less than five per cent of the total number of planes indicated that 600 raid ers participated and again last night if losses were on the same The attack came only a few hours after the Berlin radio said 99 were known dead in Hamburg after the Sunday night raid and others still were missing in the Hurricane fighter Dombers patrolling the German leld coast were said to have damag ed a 300 to 400ton steamer and a motor torpedo and probably damaged three other An RAF account of last nights raid said There was much heavy cloud over the city but large fires were seen by a number of the crews wbo went down below the cloud in face of fierce opposition from antiaircraft guns and searchlights to bomb from a low Before the British announcement of the the Germans said they iiad shot down 26 planes over Ham The British announced that other pilots flying and Havocs damaged railways and Germancontrolled communications in northern Belgium and Holland and attacked channel The British also reported that a single German aircraft bombed a point on the coast of East Anglia by daylight this causing a small number of casualties and some This followed attacks during darkness last night by a small num jer of raiders over eastern Eng Their bombs did some dam age and at one point a small num er of casualties were a British communique FORD EMPLOYEES HOLD SHORT SITDOWN July 29 IP Brief sitdowns at the Ford Motor Com panys Rouge plant were reported resterday at the same time that a War Labor Board panel opened sessions here of the companys contract dispute with the United Automobile Workers A company spokesman said ioundry workers and several hun dred employees in the aircraft en gine plant took part in the sit downs to protest a number of dis Work was resumed when he company agreed to mediate the the spokesman Both the company and union representatives said the stoppages were of minor The oundry sitdown was said to have asted about an the other only a few L TRIAL Declare Roosevelts Military Commission Invalid and Unconstitutional TRAINED IN SABOTAGE July 29 Counsel for seven of the eight al leged Nazi saboteurs being tried by a military commission told the Su preme Court today that Presiderr Roosevelts proclamation denying them access to the civil courts was totally invalid and unconstitution This challenge of the wartime powers of the chief executive and commanderinchief was made in a brief in support of a petition for a writ of habeas In the defendants army officer counsel was asking the court to take the prisoners out of the hands of the commission ap pointed by Roosevelt and le them be tried in the civil The request was made at an ex traordinary session of the nations highest tribunal convened on call of Chief Justice The state ly Supreme Court chamber was filled by eager to have a spectators part in the unusua event The defense attack brought a re ply from prosecution counsel head ed by Attorney General Biddle that Military trial for the petitioners endangers no traditional civil lib These German soldiers have already been given rights which no American would receive in Ger and now ask for constitu tional privileges which we do nol allow our own The two United States army colo nels defending the Cas sius Dowell and Kenneth told the court May we respectfully suggest that the instant case presents a real test of our democratic form oJ government and its judicial system It is trite but still true to say that the soundness of any system of government proves itself hi the hard cases where there is an ele ment of public Such cir cumstances test the real ability of a government and its judicial sys tem to protect the rights of an un popular The defense disclosed that Jus tice James of the Unit ed States District Court for the District of denied day an application for the peition permission to present peti tions f or writs of habeas Turn to 7 July 29 Creation of a unified command of all aircraft operations in the Aleu tian Islands was announced by the navy It said that details as to com mand relationships and the exact location of headquarters could not be disclosed as they would be of value to the The navy that a naval officer now in the Aleut ians area had been placed in com mand of the joint operations by naval and army The same system of operational con trol under one head which has unified commands in joint opera tions in the Canal the Eastern Caribbean and the various sea frontiers will be effective in the The Japanese have occupied three islands in the Western Aleu The navy officer in command of the combined aircraft operations in the it was also has command of all navy units surface and submarine vessels in Work is Started On Repairs A crew of workmen have start ed repair operations on US223 west of Blissfield as part of a project that eventually will provide for the resurfacing of ihat highway from Blissfield to ome At the present the work men are breaking up the old concrete pavement in a few of the worst places where new con crete pavement will have to be put in before the bituminous sur facing material is The new pavement in these spots must harden for seven days before the surfacing material can be The recapping operations are expected to be started next week some The bituminous mix is applied to a depth of two nches and rolled hard by heavy Half of the highway will be resurfaced at a mak ng it possible to move traffic in a single lane while the operations are in The new surface s ready for use hours after t is The highway between Blissfield and Adrian will be widened by one oot on each making it a 20 oot thoroughfare Instead of 18 eet A crew of approximately 50 men villbe employed by the Cooke Company of Detroit the project AUCTIONS July 31st Furniture auction at Fred See on Lack of Engines Would Delay Big Planes July 29 A WPB official testified today that a shortage of engines of sufficient horsepower prevents a quick shift to production of giant air cargo and troopcarrying Harold director of air transportation for the war pro duction told the Senate de fense investigating committee that engines in production are allocated through next but he added that the army and navy had not neglected construction of cargo planes and troop Any greater shift to such car he would have to be made at the expense of bombers and some fighters requiring en gines of greater The committee summoned Henry west coast shipbuilder who advocates the diversion of shipbuilding capacity to 70ton fly ing for a firsthand descrip tion of his At the same time a Senate military committee open ed hearings on legislation to au thorize construction of a plane car go and transport Chairman Truman of the committee earlier had express ed hope that an inquiry into the cancellation of Andrew Jackson Higginss contract for building 200 Liberty ships would throw some light on the steel Truman said since steel at the baste of the controversy which followed cancellation of the Hig gins corporation contracts at New the defense committee wants to determine if there shortage of steel for war and He added that whose mass production methods are some what similar to those of might aid the committee in deter mining the justification f6r cancel lation of the New Orleans con and shed light on the adapt ability of the Higgins plant to car go plane PERIL TO CAUCASUS INCREASES Board Sets August 58 and August 1215 as Periods for Registration Lenawee county housewives will register for sugar allotments for the second canning period on Aug ust 7 and and August and according to an an nouncement made by the Lenawee county war price7 and board rationing During that time allotments will be granted to sugar consumers who wish to preserve fruits and fruit juices from the autumn Thirteen local registration points will be established throughout the In the registra tion will take place at the The rationing board has tentative ly selected the following locations in other communities Addison high Blissfield council Britton high Clayton high Clinton high Deer Held township Hudson Washington Jasper post of Morenci Stair On sted Baptist Tecumseh Methodist church parlors and a place still to be chosen in The registration hours during the entire period will be from 9 to In workers from the Civilian Defense Council will have charge of the and at other local rationing officials will be in Must Bring Books Applicants must bring their war ration books with them at the time ihey the board said This is necessary in order that the correct registration number may be and also to eliminate duplication of The allotments to individual can ners will be They may ireserve as much fruit and fruit iuices as they and will be granted sugar in the ratio of one jound for every four quarts of fin shed Former restrictions on and pickles will remain in One pound of ugar will be alloted for each mem er of the family for those pre The rationing board also pointed out that if the individual canner has already used up the onepound allotment there be no further sugar granted or this Turn to Page 7 SPRAY STANDS FOR MICHIGAN AIR WARDENS July jans air raid wardens will continue to be instructed to use sand or u spray of water in the majority of cases in dousing incendiary Captain Donald state commander of the Citizens Defense and Glenn De troit Director of Civilian made this clear in a point an nouncement Recently the national office of civilian in revising instruc recommended the jet stream The Germans battle to exploit gains in the Rostov area 1 in their drive on after the capture of Rostov and winning bridgeheads on the River Don near The possibility of a Nazi thrust eastward from Kerch was Russian defenders turned back waves of attackers in the Don River bend area 2 west of and the Russians still were attacking in the Voronezh sector Shading indicates approximate extent of German TAXATION BEST M TO Senate Committee Interested in Forced Saving Plan July 29 Chairman George of the Senate finance committee said to day he considered taxation the only practical way to achieve compulsory if such a sys tem becomes necessary to fore stall If we find it necessary to come to compulsory savings he told reporters in discussing the new tax it seems to me the only practical way to do it is through Provision could be made for the investment of a certain percentage of the tax in repayable to the taxpayer after the That would be a kind of induced sav Committee members of both ma jor parties expressed increasing in terest in some kind of forced sav ing Senator Taft Ohio said he believed plan would be more equitable than plac ing an excess profits tax on indi vidual as had been ously George recalled that an individ ual excess profits levy tried out during the first World War didnt work so well because of adminis trative In many he it was difficult to deter mine just how much an individu als earnings had increased from year to George added he believed an ab solute minimum of worth of war bonds should be pur chased by the public this year if we are to remain on the safe The present uncertainty of the amount of tax each individual will have to pay is an element operat ing against that voluntary pro he When the tax rates are definitely fixed that should have a stimulating effect on voluntary bond He conceded the how that tax liabilities under the bill finally might go so high that bond saleswould fall One thing was George this tax bill is out of the way there will be another out the Presidents an purpose of broadening Leonard and Richards said the et stream was acceptable under conditions where no added fire lazard would be created by bomb fragments scattered by the force of the Under other condi they the spray and sand itill would be considered more ad to carry nounced coverage under the social security act Clinton Washington representative of a private re search toldCongress today that a 90 per cent excess profits tax would cause corpora Lions to die like flies in the post appearing before the Senate finance committee for Fidu ciary of Jersey said his organization was convinc ed that failure to provide for a postwar rebate of part of tax pay ments by corporations under the pending revenue bill would cause great He said his organi zation served 40 medium sized INTENSIVE SCRAP DRIVE IS PLANNED IN STATE July XP The salvage committee of the state council of defense today appointed members of the rubber and automotive industries to direct an intensified scrap collection pro Those through dealer will set up official receiving depots to accept tions of scrap metal and the committee They will re ceive only donated scrap and it will not be sold by the companies but will be turned over to local salvage BY ALLIED PATROLS Skirmishing Continues Near Port Moresby Base GENERAL MACARTHURS July patrols have driven strong and aggressive Japanese units back from advanced outposts they occupied in the vicinity of New only 60 miles from the most advanced Allied base at Port General Mao Arthurs headquarters announced From their newly occupied base at Gpna Mission on the northeast ern coast of the Papuan Peninsula the Japanese patrols have advancec 55 miles inland in less than a week and have clashed with Allied pa trols near the small government station of Patrols Poshed Back Troops of General command pushed back the invaders yesterday while Allied bombers in three different attacks smashed at the enemy installations and supply stores at Gona Kokoda is a small town with an a rubber plantation and few It is situated in hilly country and behind it the Owen Stanley range rises to a height of feet and Port Moresby lies to the southwest on the other side of the A headquarters spokesman said it still was uncertain whether the probing action of the Japanese was a mere patrol maneuver of the preliminary advance to an attack on Port A single Japanese plane dropped several bombs on Port Moresby last but there was no a communique No Reinforcements The spokesman said there was no evidence of reinforcements for the Japanese forces at Gona which originally were estimated to number between and A Japanese flying boat attempted to make a third attack on Towns ville on the northeast coast of Aus tralia last but Allied night fighters intercepted forced the pilot to drop his bombs in the sea and probably destroyed the Allied bomber attacked the airdrome in Japanese occupied Dutch again and scored hits in the target Japanese fighter planes at tempted to intercept the but the Allied planes accomplished their War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AIR blasts Ham burg Uboat nest second time in three nights with 600 Also plasters invasion coast Ger mans make scattered raids on cen tral and southern strike deeper into aiming toward Kush 45 miles south of Rostov and paralleling RostovBaku rail and oil Russians claim big toll of especially at northerly where alone they hold their and Axis patrols spar cautiously as allied airmen blast port of Suda SEA estimate tons of GermanItalian shipping captured or damag exclusive of since wars PACIFIC MacArthur reports allied patrols force back Japs from New only 60 miles from key allied outpost at Port E But Russians Admit Being Forced Back 15 Miles South of Rostov NEW BRIDGEHEAD GAINED July 29 Rus sian defense of the Caucasus show ed signs of stiffening today as the steadily reinforced German drive across the lower Don shaped into spearheads toward Salsk and the TikhoretskStalin grad railroad linking the oil fields to central A communique said the Red army was displaying stubborn re sistance after being forced back in the Bataisk 15 south of Rostov along the main railway to the oil port of Kushche vka is a station on this line 45 miles south of The Germans also were meeting stiff resistance against a secondary thrust developing down a spur ling angling southeast from Bataisk to the junction with the Tikhoretsk Stalingrad railway at 109 miles southeast of Bridgeheads Shelled Farther up the midway be tween Rostov and the Germans battled fiercely under shellfire and bombing in an at tempt to enlarge at least three bridgeheads on the south bank of the river in the Tsimlyansk where the Don flows within 35 miles of the last rail line between Russia and the The German high command said the Russians were being pushed back despite stubborn and reported that its troops had crossed the Sal and Mauych tributaries which enter the Don from the The Sal is 20 miles south of the Don in the Tsim lyansk and the Manych is 40 miles south of the Don midway between the Sal and the government news said Russian some of them flying United Statesmade Airacobra had shot dowa 122 German planes in aerial com bat over the north Caucasus and Don bend The Germans apparently had three of Cau casus neutralization of Red navy bases on the Black Sea coast and dispatch of forces eastward to ward the Caspian Sea and indus trial which already is menaced by German forces moving eastward in the Don The Rome radio declared that Stalingrad had been placed under fire from heavy German Firmness Demanded Red the army said the Russian resistance had stiffened since the abandonment of but demanded that com manders and soldiers show greater firmness in the face of the Fresh German gains were record ed in both the Bataisk and Tsimly ansk sectors of the Possibly hoping to complicate any realignment of Russian re German planes dropped leaflets over Leningrad declaring that the Germans soon would storm that Leningrad has been a northwestern anchor of the Rus sian besieged and under sporadic more than 11 A communique acknowledged a Red army retreat in the Bataisk sector 15 miles south of but said this came only after the Germans had moved up fresh The German high com mand asserted that Bataisk was captured Planes In Action Even while reporting that the in vaders had made another crossing of the Don in the Tslimlyansk re jion 120 miles northeast of Ros the bureau said Soviet bomb ers and assault planes from United States destroyed 36 German tanks and 106 trucks bearing infantrymen and Tremendous losses of personnel and heavy weapons by the Ger mans in the battle of Voronezh were detailed officially ami the Red army claimed tolls also on the Bryansk and Kalinin It declared that one Red army formation had wiped out destroyed 158 28 planes and 88 trucks and captured 24 field guns and other trophies in ten days of the battle of Red army men drove into the suburbs of two Nazioccupied cities on the Bryansk front south west of Moscow and it was after engagements in which the Germans lost 100 Fortyeight hours of seesaw fighting on the1 Kalinin northwest of was report ed to have cost the invaders about CHINESE GO AHEAD July 29 Chinese high command announc ed today that Chinese counterat tacks were making further head way in Kiangsi Province and that Chinese forces in Hupeh had re pulsed all Japanese thrusts against ihe Tahung BECOMMENDS BOURNS July 29 Prentiss of has recommended that Postmaster Henry Bourns of Adrian be given a noncompetitive examination and reappointed post Bourns has held that office since having been re appointed in ;