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View Sample Pages : Adrian Daily Telegram, July 15, 1942

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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 15, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Warmer Weather on Two JULY 1942 PRICE 3 Navy Reveals 20 Japanese Ships Sunk or Damaged In Midway Engagement LATEST DEVELOPMENTS ON RUSSIAN FRONT PIM YOH01 BADLY I 01DESTJP LOST Jap Losses 4 Carriers Sunk 3 Battleships Hit Men Killed or Drowned FOE LOST 275 AIRPLANES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July Japans invasion armada ran into an American ambush in the battle of official reports dis closed A comminique last night gave the first detailed account of the battle and a supplemental report told how a naval task force lay in am bush and struck hard with carrier planes when army and navy shore based attacks had slowed the enemy The great size of the armada Japan sent to assault Midway in hopeful to conquest of Hawaii was disclosed for the first Official records gave this result of the battle Japanese ships sunk or damaged including four aircraft carriers sunk and three battleships hit 275 planes and men killed or American aircraft carrier Yorktown put out of the an undisclosed number of planes and 92 officers and 215 enlisted men lost Loss of the destroyer and damage to an air craft carrier had been reported but this was the first time their names were The immediate result of the bat tle was that the safety of the vital Hawaiian the American west coast and the Panama Canal were at least temporarily The navy issued in exultant de tail its first story of the superb acts of devotion mentioned by Prime Minister Churchill in parii ment July One action the navy cited was by navy torpedo squadron 8 men and 15 planes led by Lieut John Charles Wald of Fort This squadron successfully attacked the enemys main battle force without fighter support and in spite of blistering antiaircraft and fighter All 15 planes were Only one man of the En sign of Turn to Page 3 Had Been Forced to Quit Post Because of Poor Health Two Years Ago BUENOS July 15 Former President Roberto Ortiz of who resigned his post June 24 after being inactive for nearly two years because of ill health and near died to He had received extreme unction early this morning from Monsignor Miguel de bishop of Tem who was had suffered from diabetes for several years and his condition became serious yesterday after an attack of bron chial His condition was further complicated by a kid ney it was Turn to Page 9 GO TO WORK AGAIN July 15 weather for flying returned today and the RAFs fighters went to work again on Nazi installations on French soil across the Several squadrons were assigned to morning Strong for mations of planes roared over Folkestone shortly before noon re turning from the direction of Cap Griz Vital Russian Food Area Menaced July The German advance into the Don river north of the Caucasus mount ains threatens an important agri cultural region upon which Russia has been depending for meat and other food supplies for her southern The loss of this area would in crease Russian demands for Ameri can food supplies at a time when there is an acute shortage of ships to move war materials across sub marineinfested waters and along Axis airpatrolled sea The value of the north Caucasus as a foodproducing area was em phasized in an Agriculture Depart ment report issued Although much has been writ ten since the beginning of the pre sent war about the Caucasian oil little attention has been giv the report to the south ern Russian bread basket often associated in the public mind with the Ukraine North Caucasus is one of the richest agriculture areas of the Soviet The Russians were said to have planted extensive crops in the north Caucasus this using machin ery and other equipment moved from the Ukraine when the Ger mans moved into that area a year It is possible that the Russians may be able to get much of the Caucasian wheat and barley crops harvested and moved out of Ger man The region has an early harvesting Most of its grain is of the winter variety which ma tures about this There may be less opportunity to salvage the valuable vegetable oil corn and Ameri can officials expressed the belief the if forced to give up the north would apply the scorched earth policy which a year ago left the Ukraine a barren land for the The need for additional food sup plies as well as oil is believed by Agriculture Department officials to be one of the factors prompting Hitler to press a quick seizure of the north Theke of ficials have obtained reports from Europe indicating that Germany faces a critical food shortage this winter unless European crops are exceptionally good or Nazi armies are able to get supplies now out of their Gandhi Admits Violence May Result From It July layed Gandhi supplemented the new AllIndia Congress party resolution demand tag Britains withdrawal from rule of India with the emphatic declara tion that there can be no further To reporters sitting crosslegged before him at his little school col ony five miles from this cotton and farming Gandhi conceded that violence might result from the I dont want rioting or anything of that sort as a direct result of these declared the little Indian The resolution must be ratified by the AllIndia Congress com which has been called to meet at Bombay but never in the history of the party hasan important decision of the 15man working committee been overruled by the 350 members of the general Asked whether he expected the British to come to Gandhi replied that be ings and I am never in despair of the possibility of human beings making an upward Turn to Page 0 AUCTIONS July Furniture Auction at Fred See on market Green is Urged to Use Influence To Restore Interlochen Broadcast July American of Labor heard protests today from political groups in regard to the cancellation of the Interlochen symphony broadcast at the demand of the AFLs musician Claiming that the future Sto kowskis and Benny Goodmans were now at represen tatives of the Young Democrats and Young Republicans of Michigan urged President William Green of the AFL to use his influence to re turn the orchestra to the Albert Carson of nation al committeeman from Michigans Young and Wallace Colwell of former national committeeman for the Young Re wrote a joint letter to Green in which they attacked James C head of the Mu sicians At Petrillos last Satur days scheduled broadcast by the orchestra of the national music camp here was The camp has since been up in and Joseph camp director and himself a member of the has asked Greens In their letter to Carson and Colwell said the students in the camp were getting a wrong slant on the whole labor movement be cause of Petrillos From where does Petrillo ex pect to enroll his membership in iuture years the letter These young Interlochen musi cians will some day play in our leading orchestras and dance The future Stokowskis and Benny Goodmans of America are at Inter lochen Thomas Wants Rubber Made From Soil Products July Senator Thomas said to day he would pressthe farmgroup campaign for an independent gov ernment rubber despite Donald Nelsons opposition to it The same Senate agriculture subcommittee which heard testi mony yesterday from the war pro duction chief alreadyhas approved a bill sponsored by Senator Gillette Thomas and others call ing for development of synthetic rubber from grain alcohol by an agency entirely apart from WPBs current synthetic Werfc going to press that bill to stress our idea that rubber should be made from the inex haustible products of the rath er than from which is an exhaustible Thomas We also can get rubber cheaper and quicker that who questioned Nelson closely on the status of the present said he preferred to with hold comment until the committee heard today from the technical ex perts who accompanied Nelson to yesterdays Thomas he hopes to get the experts to answer questions he asked Nelson on the comparative costs of making rubber from grain and from the comparative speed of both and the amounts critical materials needed in Turn to Page 9 Toledo Experts to Supervise the Enlarged Department A new and completely equipped radiological department is the lat est improvement at Bixby equipnient the last few The new departmentoc cupying seven rooms is located on the third of the hospital and is equipped with the latest Xray Since the death of it has been Im possible for Bixby hospital to serve the needs of its patients along that has added to the value of this department by turn ing over all of the records and films of her late The department is to be serviced by Willis Peck and William Glasor of To each a noted Goodrich is connected with the To ledo Peck is a for mer head of the Xray and radiolo gical department of the University Hospital at Ann Arbor and Slasor until recently was an associ ate specialist in the same depart ment of the University Hospital Miss Mabel who for many years was Xray technician working with is now employed at the hospital in the same capac The Toledo physicians will be here three times each week to supervise the work of the depart chief of the Bixby hospital commenting on the new department in the hos pital said This hospital is now fully equipped with the best X ray apparatus to be found in any hospital in the state including its deep therapy machine and treat ment with The doctors engaged to service this department are nationally known radiologists excelled by no one in the profes The department will be of great service the physicians and patients in this locality and all will appreciate the extension of the hospitals service to the commun The of depart ment has costly one arid is being financed largely the generous contributions of indus trial and individuals in this r V German Gestapo Chief is Shoot 700 Croats July 15 The Ges1 tapo chief of Zagreb nas been a Yugoslav spokesman declared The Yugoslav spokesman identi fied the dead German chief rof secret police as a He was killed by a hand grenade thrown intohis car he rode along Zagrebs main The Gestapi guards after the The Jug6siav spokesman shooting at everyone moving on the and hurling hand grenades through nearby During the day the Germans rounded up all persons in the immediate neighborhood and shot More than 700 Croats were Jail ed in the the spokesman German troops have broken through Red army positions in the Voronezh Moscow and have forced Russian defenders to withdraw from Boguchar and Black arrows rep resent general directions of main German thrusts and shaded area denotes territory held byGerman Open arrows point to possible German moves from their new Rzhev and Voronezh toward from Boguchar in the Stalingrad and from Lisichansk southward to outflank The Russians reported today that the Germans have finally been stopped on the Voronezh FORD BOMBER PLANS FOUND ON PRISONER By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW July Ger former American coast guardsman with a fancy name and a loose tongue was held in bail today on espionage Assistant FBI Director Foxworth said the accused Washington Glendale had on his person plans of the B24 type bomber when arrested in a Long Island bar In was known as nerintheiSbohelly Said lastnight that the spy suspect had full accessTto all drawings of the fourengine manufactured by during his employment as a pro cess engineer with the Donelly firm for the first four months of this The Donelly Alex Sobo said Spiegelberg spent his entire time there in work on the Ford bomber plant machinery and was in between Ford and us and had full access toall drawings and everything The born in Berlin while his father was in the consular service and therefore an American was found in possession of 18 HEIGHT Aim BY RAF Plays Major Part in Fighting Again By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July Axis at tack on Tel El Eisa with tanks and third successive enemy assault on the Britishheld height in Egypts corridor battle was latoched afcdusk yester dayand lasfedirito the Brit ish announced RAF played a major V destroying some tanks sending its medium back in force against Tobriik last the bul letin on the coastal end jpatrols and fought actions further inland and be tween Mediterranean and the some 70 miles west of The communique1 did the outcome of anyot these en gagements butsaid the RAF still wasdealing the Axis blows to their hardtorfeplace mechan ized andarmored equlpmeht 1 ranking Republican member of the House and Means Com announced today he planned to vote to send the revenue bill back to the committee for revision of pro posed corporation Joining BMinn in an attack on corporate rates proposed in the VTreadway saidin a minority reportaccom panying the big bill to the floor It is a shortsighted policy which taxes business out of ex istence so it cannot continue to taxes to the maintain employment and sustain the communities wherein is drawings or blueprints of essential bomber parts when seized in a drinking place on the tip of an Army corporal who overheard him talking about Foxworth The FBI said Spiegelberg was a miner and sailor in Alaska from 1929 to He enlisted in the Coast Guard Foxworth but was ousted the same year when government found he had been passing the previous although he had sworn he had no criminal The arrestof another American citizen on a charge of acting as a secret agent for the Vichy French government without registering with the State Department was announced yesterday by At torney Mathias Turn to Page 6 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July was reported by qualified London sources today to be pressing anew for the prompt opening of a sec AmericanBritish European land front to divert the Nazi armies pounding at the gates of These sources pointed out the eventual peril that Japan might open a second front in Siberia to distract the harried Red army if the Nazis can set the stage for it A smashing victory for the Ger mans in the battle for the Caucas ian they would be followed by a Japanese attack on Siberian Japan was said to have massed at least 24 in Manchukuo with air reinforce ments from August and September are the best months for campaigning in according to these They noted that there were no signs of large scale Japanese ac tivity elsewhere on the Pacific front Whatever pros and pub lic sympathy for the reported re newed pleading of Soviet Ambassa dor Ivan Maisky was demonstrated in mass meetings over the week end at Glasgow and Liverpool which demanded both a new front and all aid for Soviet say they are not satisfied that the British air hampered lately by bad is a heavy enough threat to divert German troops from the eastern Foresee No HitKun Affair On the other military sources here foresee a second front as more than just a big hitandrun affair one requiring exhaustive And they do not be they that the situation in southern Russia has reached a New Guinea Base Japs Raided By Allied Planes GENERAL MacArthurs Head July 15 Allied bombers paid another visit to the muchbombed Japanese base at New yester day and bombed the airdrome run way from which Japanese planes take off on their raids on Port most advanced Allied Another flight of Allied planes sank a small Japanese vessel and started fires in the port installa tions at Alor just off the northwest coast of Timor Island in the Dutch East a headquarters communique said to It was the first time Alor Islands had been mentioned in com Kalabahi is a small port on the Australian Air Minister Arthur returning to Can berra after a tour of United States and Australian air said that in the event of a Japanese inva the battle for Australia might be waged in its crucial phases in the Wrecked Ship To Aid War Effort Via Scrap Pile July 15 twisted hull of a one time oil tanker that foundered in a winter storm on Lake Michigan nearly six years ago was towed down the Detroit River today to join the war effort via the scrap The vessel was once the 254foot Oswald built at Paisley in used for a time in the Atlantic coastal service and brought to the Great Lakes in the early First of a number of shipwrecks the War Production Board hopes to salvage in its scrap rnetal the hull is expected to yield up to tons of Through the of the WPB the wreck is being sold by its present owner to the Great Lakes Steel Corporation The carrying a cargo ot gasoline from Lake Mich igan piled up on Simmons Shoal off Beaver November Before the next spring six lives had lost when a tug ex ploded and a truck broke through theice in efforts to take off part sf Russians Stop Germans In LastDitch Defense On Outskirts Of Voronezh Reds Want Allies To Open x 2nd Front Before Japs Do point where an AmericanBritish invasion of the continent is essent ial to save Russias armies from being That does not mean that they do not see very grave possibilities in the present Russian Although the Russians are being driven they there is no indication that any of the main Soviet armies has been broken or surrounded by advancing Ger The condition of the Red air force after more than a year of constant fighting also is worrying experts here who said they believed the effect of heavy German air reinforcements already was being felt on the The offensive training of a vast AmericanBritish army in these is progressing fa according to military sources who emphasize the allied not only for heavy but for barges and tank lighters for landing All preparations for opening a second front are under way and the objective is a front which will be said one informant The type of operation now being1 done by the commandos will be part of any major invasion There will be need for thousands of lighters and tank barges which will precede the movement of heavy materials to the invasion Allied training already has simu lated invasion with troops assaulting the British coast from the and such maneuvers ultimately will be carried out on a vast PREDICT VETO OF ISE i A new compromiseJiT the deadloclc over the Agriculture Department appropriation bill faced a showdown in the House today amid predictions that the President would veto the proposal if it Offered by Chairman Cannon of the Honse Appropria tions the compromise calls for sale of bushels of controlled surplus wheat corn parity prices for livestock This is a sharp departure from the Sen ate demand for 85 per cent of corn parity and previous House insist ence that no surplus wheat be sold at prices below wheat The compromise was approved 81 to a division vote in the House but opponents forced adjournment and postponed a rollcall vote until today on the ground of no Despite predictions by some House that the proposal would be accepted by the Senate Majority Leader McNary of Oregon and other influential senators asserted it would meet stiff Senate Some said they thought the President would veto it The administration wants to re lease the surplus wheat to feed live stock for meat needed in the war they Under the Cannon they farmers would not buy wheat for feed because they could get corn One possibility was that the Sen ate would refuse to accept the pro posal if the House approved This would force appointment of new conferees to replace those who have been trying since May to re solve differences between the two Cannon said the plan was a con cession to the administration and about as far as the House would go by way July 15 Vichy government published a sweeping decree today taking over the man agement of all Jewishcontrolled property and leases and rights in French The edict came upon the heels of a Gestapo order barring Jews from every public gathering in doors or in the Nazi occupied The German order was signed by the head of and Nazi storm troopers in France in stead of by the commander of the military occupation forces and con tained provisions more severe than the antiJewish regulations in ef fect in The last order before viding for the shooting of male relatives of fugitive Frenchmen wanted for antiGerman was signed by the Gestapo chief but all before had been issued by the Naval Escorts Soon to Chal lenge Foe in Gulf By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United nations merchantmen plying the Caribbean now are operatingundertheconypy system already Jin effect along the east coast and submarinechal lenging naval escorts soon will aid shipping in the Gulf of This extension of the convoy system to hitherto unprotected waters where enemy raiders have been striking at Allied supply lines was disclosed yesterday by Navy Secretary Knox as two more re ported sinkings put at 371 the un official Associated Press tabulation of wartime western Atlantic ship We are getting various patrol vessels to combat submarines into service as rapidly as possible and are increasing number of pa trol planes with equal Knox told newsmen as he stopped off in New York during an inspec tion tour of the eastern More and more officers and he were being thrown Into the antisubmarine We have a large submarine combat school which now has men being trained for this he In response to a question about the effectiveness of the convoy which has been used along the Atlantic coast of the United States since May Knox in turn asked Have you read of any sinkings within 50 miles of the Atlantic coast lately The two newlyreported subma rine victims were a mediumsized American announced by the navy yesterday as having been sunk June 27 in daylight some 200 miles off South and a Norwegian torpedoed June according to a report by La Presna in Mexico Ten of the American vessels 36 man crew perished in the The captain said that had the tor pedo struck 10 minutes later all might have been saved since they would have been on deck for life boat The Mexico City newspaper said the captain and seven crewmen of the Norwegian ship were killed but that 25 survivors had been landed at the Yucatan town of FOES TUNIS German Gains Cost Men Killed or Wounded in Ten Days of Battle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July Ger stopped by a last ditch de fense at the outskirts of have attempted to encircle the but were stopped on the north and hurled back on the south to the point where they crossed the Don Russian dispatches reported The Russians said that a through accomplished by large numbers of freshGerman troops and hundreds of tanks supported by a heavy artillery barrage had carried the invaders almost to the edge of the town before they were checked by the spirited The dispatches did not give the location of the but it was indicated that it occurred at the western approaches to Vo The Russians said that in forcing the Nazis back they recaptured a small railroad crossing and in an other sector applied such strong pressure that the Germans fell back across a small bridge and destroyed German Losses Terrific The fighting was described reaching the height of its fury German losses so terrific that the third German motorized infantry which appeared in the battle line only was re ported depleted and replaced by the 168th motorized division after a single day of Invasion gains in the Voronezh area were declared to have cost Germany more than killed and in ten and the Soviet information bureau tacitly brought up again the issue of establishment of a second front in western Europe by indicating German forces there are being The Germans are being forced to bring up reserves hurriedly from the rear to take the place of their troops which have been put out of a comnluniquS Sev eral divisions which arrived from France and Belgium only a few days ago have been Fighting about 300 miles south of was re ported attended by varying suc Without specifying the exact the information bureau said Red soldiers had repulsed an enemy drive and followed this up with a Turn to Page 2 July 15 capture by the Japanese of Wen important Che kiang Province last Saturday was acknowledged by the Chinese today and an army spokesman said its reports showed that the invaders took the city because of fear that it might be used as an Allied air or naval This confirmed a Japanese an nouncement that they had enter ed the city last The spokesman said across a peninsula about 12 miles to the southwest Wenchow and also a port at the head of Deep fell to the enemy the next Japanese operations near Foo in Fukien Province to the south and the last remaining major port in Chinese also arise from fears of its potential use by the United he Although the Japanese have been ejected from Futuo near the spokesman said they still held Lancghi The Japanese are reorganizing 20 brigades in China into full di he and this means that the brigades will be given an offensive Says Distiller Can Process Enough Grain For 200 Tons of Rubber Daily LOUISVILLE July is vice president hi charge of said last night that the Joseph Seagram could process enough grain to produce 200 tons of syn thetic rubber a Willkie said blueprints for a plant costing and all other data had been forwarded to the War Production Board in The Seagram official added con struction could start at once and that only a small amount of criti cal material would be At the same time Willkie an nounced that Seagram chemists had developed a new and greatly Improved continuous process for making synthetic Under the Willkie ex about eight pounds ot syn thetic rubber can be produced from a bushel of Compare tive processes now get about six pounds per he Will kie declared the cost per pound was about 20 cents with further refinements expected to cut this to 15 The Seagram vice president said that under the process grain is converted directly into a product known as butylene glycoL Oth er he first verted the grain into ethyl alco hol then into Willkie announced details of the new construction blue prints and engineering assistance in erecting and operating a plant would be furnished free to any re sponsible organization that is In a position to help the country meet the present ;