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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - July 11, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Not Much Change In Temperature Weather Details on Page Two JULY 1942 PRICE 3 400 Axis Vehicles Hit Or Destroyec By Allied Airplanes DESPERATE BATTLE FOR EGM Front Line Dispatches Give No Hint of Trend of Struggle July Fierce fighting broke out between British and Axis today desert forces on the Mediterranean rim west of El It was a re newal of the battle for Egypt which had been bogged down in an uneasy lull for more than a The new fighting erupted after RAF and American planes were re ported to have destroyed or dis abled 400 to 500 Axis vehicles out of a concentration of shu tling forward to replenish Fiel Marshal Erwin Rommels thrus toward 70 miles from the front Besides these vehicl caught in one the RAF wa said to have destroyed 55 othe The fighting ended a deadlock o several during which bot exhausted armies dug in unde severe sandstorms and awaited sup plies and No Gains For Axis Front dispatches gave no hint o trend of the great bu did say that the Axis apparent had not made any additional gain Rommels GermanItalian legion already had been compelled withdraw part of his curved bac right wing northward toward th sea before the fighting was re The German marshals realign ment was a tactical correctiv move to eliminate a sharp angle ir his line and to forestall a British flanking movement on the south above the Qattara I a further safeguard agains threatened Bombers Attack Of the renewed American partic Ipation in the attacks on the Axi overseas supply the British communique said United States army heavy u bombers operating over the MeditJ erranean shot down two enem fighters which attempted to inter cept It was learned that the United States air force was intercepted no fewer than three times by German fighters and that the two shot down into the sea were Messer schmitt The admiralty announced in separate communique that a Brit ish submarine stalking an Axis con voy in the Mediterranean had de stroyed two enemy ships en route to First it sank a medium sized merchant ship out of the con described as strongly pro and later it sent down a naval auxiliary vessel of medium Claim Ship Sunk July from Italian broadcast Italian high command communique today said that in the eastern Mediterranean a ton merchant ship sailing in a convoy transporting armored cars and other vehicles was attacked and sunk by an Italian torpedo Axis fighter planes were said to have shot down two British aircraft over North Africa and six over Malta Bags 21 Planes July 1L W defenses accounted for 17 Axis aircraft in the past 24 a British communique said tonight Four were downed during the morning and the others were destroyed Seven planes were shot down in the previous 24 Say They Cant Make a Profit With Hogs July Worl the price of hog rose to 315 a hundred pounds on the Chicago market this meat speaking unofficial claimed they could not operat profitably with hogs at that figun when dressed pork and lard quota tions were frozen by Office of Pric Administration antiinflation regu The meat large as we as said the 16year peak hog quotation made it difficult for them to obtain a profit even on the pork and lard they sold governmen lendlease the ceiling on which is higher than the ceiling for domestic Livestock producers do not have the same They say the pack ers always complain they are but it never shows up in their earnings One of ficial of a producers association said he believed the packers delib erately had pushed the hog price up to in order to focus federal with a possibility of ceil ings on live to the market To the question of why they con tinue to pay high prices for hogs if they dont cut out a the packers reply if they didnt have any slaughter their losses would be It is bet ter to buy hogs at high and take a minor than not to buy hogs and have a larger they After hitting the hogs reacted the close was down only about 15 cents from the top and only 5 cents under last Fridays Receipts throughout the week were smaller than Good and choice steers and year arriving in small supply and wanted by eastern worked 25 cents Common and me dium grades were down an equal Good and choice native spring ambs and yearlings closed 50 to 5 cents SMALL PLANTS Appointed to Assist Little Businesses By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July 11 ald Nelson appointed five di ectors today of War lants newly authorized by Congress to use in jringing small factories and shops throughout the country into war PACIFIC FLEET COMMANDER REWARDED Vital Russian Railway Is Cut By The Germans WPB Chief Calls For Greater Output With Less Materials Admiral Chester Nimitz commander inchief of the Pacific stands before Admiral Ernest commanderinchief of the aboard a battleship at a west coast port while Ad miral King reads a presidential citation awarding Nimitz the Distinguished Service Medal for exqep tionally meritorious The Navy announced that Nimitz narrowly escaped death in an airplane crash at the time of his visit to the west coast As sociated Press photo from Navy WATCHES PLANES BATTER DUCK FLEE Thrown Into Mad Confusion Sub Commander Says June 2 Delayed IP Mad confusion urning the Italian battle fleet in o a fantastic circus of wildly ca eening ships trying to re ulted from an attack by S jombers on Mussolinis Mediter anean fleet two weeks a British submarine commander vho watched the assault said to Stephen who rought his undersea raider to its ase after sinking a heavy Italian ruiser and torpedoing a battle hip of the Littorio the airaction as e saw it through periscope of his submarine in the center of the ssault The 28yearold skipper said he ad sighted the Italian fleet at awn and was closing in when the four motored American ombers and the RAF heir first dropped Lou Kansas City Monroe Strikers Return to Work July four employes in three city depart ments who struck Wednesday in demand for pay increases agreed today to return to work under a compromise settlement reachet with the city In two main tenance and garbage hourly pay rates of 75 cents re mained but the city commission guaranteed 24 street maintenance workers a 44hour week for six months of the year effective and a 40hour week for theother six Four employees in the garbage collection now on a 48hour were granted a 40 hour week for six months effec tive 1The commission agreed to pay time and onehalf for over time in both Six workers in the sewage dis posal who had asked S10 monthly increase in pay to withheld demands pending completion of an audit by Sept Salaiy adjustments agreed on then will be made retroactive to that The city commission said the new work schedules of the street and garbage departments would cost the city The employees are members of the County and Municipal Workers of America i one of the five ap also was named a deputy irector of the War Production charged with general super ision of subcontracting and the smaller war plant There vere reports that Holland likely d be made chairman of the mailer War Plants Board is Announced Other members of the corpora ons board are James of Louis district manager of the WPB eld office in Louisville and for ler vice president of the Girdler of manufacturers E forged steel fillings for welded William of oard chairman of the York Ice Machinery and a leader in he York one of the pioneer ar work Albert of Murphys director of the First Na onal Bank of Murphysboro am ead of a company which mines kaolin near Samuel Abbot of president of the Thomas Strahan of which manu factures wall He is vice president of the Smaller Business Mens Association of New England Few Can Be Helped Nelson said that he expected excellent results from the cor but that it was not a re lief agency and it is unfortunately very likely that the number of small business firms we can help in this war will be smaller than the number we cannot In general the idea is that the corporation will take on war con tracts and then arrange for small manufacturing concerns to make the items or parts for AXIS SHIPS HIT July 11 British Royal Air Force announced today that an Italian destroyer and a One of the greatest scenes of confusion he My submarine was in the cen ter of the circle of capital cruiser and one of which kept on course long enough to allow us to fire torpedoes At one period there was not a quad rant of the compass that was not occupied by ships weaving con tinually to and Bomb flashes seemed to punc tuate the movements of the Red and yellow tracers and black bursts of heavier antiaircraft fire from the Italian battle fleet streaked and blotched the sky in all The American planes were cred ited with scoring 35 bomb hits on two Italian The Brit ish announced after the battle that an Italian two destroyers and a submarine were The Italion ships were said to have been in pursuit of a convoy bound for Malta when the en gagement took The British lost a light cruiser and five de stroyers in two convoy actions about June 300ton merchant ship each were lit twice Thursday night in an at Lack on Axis shipping by medium bombers and naval aircraft Paper Pickups For Next Week Paper collections will be made next week in Adrian according to he following schedule Eight In case of rain the collections will be postponed one MICHENER SEEKS RENOMINATION July Re publican congressmen filed peti tions for renomination Friday They were Earl Michener second district Fred L and George Royal Oak Floyd filed for state and Sena tor George of Ann for renomination from the twelfth senatorial Ken neth of filed for die nonpartisan nomination for circuit judge of the nineteenth cir cuit Former Senator Miles Callag of Reed announced his candidacy but did not file for state July 11 Iff A mass of documentary evidence today confronted a military com mission sitting for the fourth day to decide the fate of eight Ger man But tas the men set ashore on east coast beaches from enemy Jboats again faced the commis sion of there were com ilaints over the secrecy which has surrounded the first days of the ife or death Elmer director of War said the public would eel better if more news were available from the trial Major General Frank iresident of the gave canty details of the trial of the lien alleged to have come here rom Germany to slow the war ef ort through violence in produc ion There were indications that the rial would go far into next McCoys statement said the com mission earing spent most of yesterday testimony of an FBI and reading There was no indication of their Would Almost Double Present Rates July 11 eleventhhour decision yesterday to boost the average individuals income tax another one per cent to almost double the present rates put the yield of the House ways and means committees new revenue bill above Members worked to finish writ ing the bill before It has been the subject of weeks of hearings when will be headed for more weeks of con gressional At an unusual night session last the committee adopted a mo tion to add 1 per cent to the new surtax graduated scale of from 12 per cent on the first of per sonal net income to 81 per cent above Present rates are 6 77 Thus with a 6 per cent normal compared with the present the committees new combined rate would be increased from 10 per cent to 19 per cent in the lowest By its the committee picked up in additional But that addition was off set to the extent of by another vote to retain the personal exemptions in the present law for soldiers and The committee jreviously had decided to lower the iingle persons exemption from 1750 to 5500 and for married cou ples from to July 11 icans as individuals are going to have to make oldthings as we never have done before in all our as the war production ef fort gets into full in the opinion of Donald chief of the War Production Speaking to several hundred rep resentatives of the leading auto mobilye the production chief last night praised achieve ments of the industry to but added that every manufacturer from now on must plan to greater less every single day for many perhaps years to Guest of honor at the annual dinner of the automotive council for war Nelson said From now on the emphasis is on production From what has been done so far I believe we can look to the future with a good deal of Nelson urged the manufacturers to plan on a long And may he it will turn out to be a short Disgressing from a prepared ad the war production chief said the recent realignment of the War Production Board would mean the placing of more of the production responsibility squarely upon the shoulders of industry as it should Asserting that there is no con fusion in this question of he said a major task lies ahead in building up a synthetic rubber in but we know exactly where we are The synthetic rubber he are under way and I be lieve they are going to produce the If were Ill take complete and final responsi bility for the decisions we have year of approximately Nelson said that he expected the figure to rise to 70 or 75 bil lions next year at current but added I do not believe that it can ever rise much above that because I think that that is just about the limit our economy can The materials which would be needed to get production sub stantially higher than that simply are not and as far as we can seen now they cannot be made When this war Nelson we shall have the greatest opportunity any people ever We can make of our America just about anything we want to make of it There is no material obstacle in out way that we cannot We have in America the one great common aim which all free men must have to perfect our to fight for because we know its and to make it mean freedom for all of us in all ways When peak production rates ar reached under present Ne son said the automotive industry will be producing war goods at rate of approximately 12 billio Turn to Poge 2 Last Russians Are Virtually Cleared From Southern Russias Farm Lands July 11 troops have driven into 150 miles east of the industrial city of and cut the main railway linking the central and southern Red A communique early today an nounced the Russian from Rossosh before Praises Knudsen Nelson praised the work of General William at tributingto him hose of the pro ductive accomplishments weve gotten among those at the speakers re ceived three ovations from the Predicting a war goods produc tion from American factories this JAPS NEAR WENCHOW TOKYO From Japanese broad July o r c e s striking southeastward along the WU river from newly captured Tsingtien have thrust to vithin 12 miles of a Chinese base at the rivers Domei said The capture of a vailed was announced yes erday in dispatches from the es ablished offensive in southeastern Chekiang Wenchow is 20 miles by air south of Threatening Letter Is Sent to Judge July S District Judge Frank Pickard disclosed yesterday that he had re ceived a letter threatening harm to him and his family while sen tence was pending in a case grow ing out of the Sojourner Truth Housing riot last It purported to be from a Negro Judge Picard But I am not sure it came from any such It may have come from people prejudiced against I believe it was intended as a provo cation to make me The judges disclosure was made as he sentenced Alexander Ken to a year in Ken drick was convicted of violating the federal firearms act after a pistol had been found in his auto mobile near the housing scene of a riot between whites and Negroes last Think Longer The War Longer It Will Take To Get Back Into Auto Production CONVENTION DATE SET July 11 e Re publican State Convention to com plete the nomination of a ticket for the November general election will be held in Detroit Sept The campaign committee of the artys state central committee set the time and date here yester day arid ordered county conven tions to select delegates to the state meeting be held Sept county will be allowed one delegate for each 750 votes casl or Secretary of State in the pre ceding general with a rovision no county shall be en iUed to fewer than July 11 longer the war lasts the longer i will take to get back into peace time passenger automobile produc Thats the practically unanimous view of the car industrys factory heads as they watch the battle o production swallow up more ant more factory space and complete the evolution from peacetime to war goods The of has been In some of the factories with huge war tasks un der way an occasional department was left undisturbed its equipment wasnt needed for the job in hand it could be used to speed the re turn to civilian production after the That was the reasoning a few weeks ago of some of the plant ex They figured it would re quire from four to six months to return to civilian car output But new orders have piled in upon the industry and more materials and machines are The esti mate has been revised to from eight to nine If the war continues through leading industry experts as sert every item of productive equipment and every foot of space will be absorbed in the industrial At that point re vision will have to be made of the estimate of time to be required to reconvert to peacetime car out put but the present gi gantic of the motor car in lustry at war the still intact units of the factories might seem to be of sizeable In a program that contemplates an annual out put rate in excess of before the yearend they represent relatively little in fihe When the industry began tearing out its car production equipment last February it reserved and still is using some parts fabricating equipment Use of this equipment probably will be halted with the completion soon of the parts re placement It could be added to the facilities intact for postwar As in the case of other tools and floor its future dis position will depend upon the re quirements of the production pro gram a few months A sharp curtailment already has been made in the production of replacement scheduled originally to pro vide for something like two years But that was be fore the need for restricting car use became Two years supply of replace ments probably is assured by the War Production Boards latest or der requiring the motorist seeking a new repair part to turn inthe old one and stipulating that no part may be replaced if it can be By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With the disclosure of five more cargo ship sinkings by Uboat shells and the unoffi cial Associated Press tabulation of Allied and neutral losses in West ern Atlantic waters stood today at Sixteen seamen were killed in the destruction of four merchant one American and one yester day by the Navy which re ported that 230 other crewmen were The Cuban navy announced the sinking of a Hon duran with all hands the Canadian gov ernment still offered no confirma tion of the report of a Canadian parliament member that three ships were sunk by submarines Sunday night in the Lawrence who re ported the Incident yesterday in the House of said he learned a 14ship convoy was at tacked off Cape Chat and three ships were Todays Map For a map showing the Japanese hreat to turn to Page of Negroes Terrorize Business District In Arizona City July 11 JP Negro soldiers armed with machine automatic rifles and pisfols terrorized the business district about 3 today before one was shot and killed and anoth er Sheriff Peery Francis in command of Negro troops on guard duty said police shot two of the soldiers and captured the The names of the soldiers were not immediately The sheriffs office reported the soldiers apparently were angered by refusal of admittance to an all night They obtained the arms and be gan shooting in the street outside the the sheriffs office Only a few shots were it was and no citizens were Sheriffs deputies and city police were Officers fire drop ped two of th soldiers and the oth ers were seized and taken to Major Nichols Major Nichols said the soldier killed was intoxicated and that all were away without leave from their He said he had not learned how the soldiers obtained the Nichols said he was conducting an investigation in cooperation with civil police and that he could not disclose all details of the af fair until it A coroners inquest into the Writes in Sharp Restriction on Use of Money By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS July Th Senate Appropriations Committe recommended a operating fund for the Office o Price Administration but i raising the Houseapproved tota by wrote in sharp re strictions on the use of the monej One of the restrictions was tha none of the funds be used for sub Price Administrator Leo Henderson has urged that pro vision be made for subsidies to pro ducers because of highe cannot operate under presen price Takes Stand on Fay Raises was revealed tha that he had established a policy o disapproving price increases askec by industries because of pay raise granted employees subsequent April The April 27 date was chosen Henderson told a Senate appropri ation subcommittee in an execu tive because Presiden Roosevelt sent to Congress on tha date his cost of living messa which called for the exercise o several measures against inflation including stabilization of Henderson said that his policy meant that if wage increases ari granted they the industries should look to the margin tha now exists in the production o that item for granting of wage and if that is adheared then that price will not go Wages Called Vital Factor Asked by subcommittee mem bers what the lack of wage con trols would do to efforts to hold prices in Henderson said tha it was obvious that wages must be stablized if the price programs were to be He denied primary responsibil for wage controls when Senator John Bankhead Alabama asked how he would go about controlling I have not been called upon and the President does not look to me for the administrative and of handling Henderson He looks to a multiplicity of other agencies that are capable of handling that withdrawal a German wedge thrust parallel to the steel arm now plucking at 100 miles to the For two days our men have conducted fierce fighting in the vi cinity of the communi que said in a brief description of the heavy fighting in that The enemy hurled into battle large number of tanks and motor ized Under the pressure of enemy attacks our troops re treated to new defense The said fighting con tinued in the neighborhood of Kantemirovka just south of Cjty 20 Miles from Don Rossosh itself is 20 miles short of the Don river which already had been crossed by the Germans striking at It is only 235 miles from the industrial city of a key to the Cau It also is a point on tha MoscowRostov The Russians still were fighting west of the communi qu6 but by evacuating Ros sosh the Red army acknowledged that the Nazis in their second year of war stood halfway across Eu ropean Russia to the Ural moun tains from the old Polish demarca tion the Nazis were soros 70 miles east of a line drawn di rectly south of and had virtually cleared the last Russian armed forced from the fertile farm lands of southern New Action Near Rostov The Russians also disclosed in creased action nearer Ros southern gateway to the Cau The communique said the Germans had gone on the offen sive in the locality of on the Donetz river about 14S miles northwest of The German strategy was clear ly aimed at wrapping the Red army west of the sluggish Don in a great and to drive on Jie thus isolating the en tire Marshal realizing he was counterattacking vigorously on the German He was pictured as determined to sell the rich earth and its indus trial establishments only at the most exacting price in German ives and The situation admittedly was Red the official army called for a stand to the death and said the conditions near Voronezh were growing more Call Nazi Losses Tremendous The upper Don crossing was orced by the Germans at two main bridgeheads at tremendous the Russians but the main force of and an equal number of ilanes was stalled on the west The German command used five four and two mot irized divisions to start the offen ive from 130 miles west f on June Since hen at least one more German in antry the first Hungar an infantry several Hun arian cavalry squadrons and smaller numbers of Rumanian and lovak troops have been poured jito the battle to replace the ap alling front line dis atches Turn to Page 6 The full in Appropriations Corn curbing use of the death of the soldier was to be held at 10 at which Nichols and Francis said a complete re port would be made by chril offl cen wbo money it approved for also stipulated that None of the appropriation could be used to enforce any price ceil ing on commodities manufactured in whole or in part from agricul tural until the Secretary of Agriculture had determined that the price so established would re flect to the producer of the raw material a return not less than any of the following 110 per cent of parity the market price last 1 the market price last or the average price from 1919 to Cost Rise Must Be Shown None of the OPA fund could be used to enforce a regional increase in the price ceiling of any com modity on the allegation that the rise was made necessary by in creased transportation un less in fact the cost of transporta tion had Still another amendment r quires Senate confirmation of OPA employees receiving more than a How effectively Henderson could block rising prices with the and its accompanying re strictions engendered spirited dis cussion on Capitol He had asked for The Budget Bureau trimmed the fund to and the House cut it down to Henderson ap pealed to the Senate committee for more and yesterday to have set his lowest possible requirement at BULLETINS ichy radio July 11 JP The reported today that ie Germans had reached bout 75 miles northwest of Vor indicating a considerable idening of the Don river ut it added that the Russians lave been successful in their iastic defense and several armies ucceeded in July 11 divisions having captured ressed a threepronged offensive oward the Don river with such igor that the Russian array news Red acknowledged developing success to Marshal Semeon Timoshenkos oviet field forces battled on gainst spearheads jabbed across ie Don at and in the irectlon of the strategic river at 145 miles to the outh and near ZOO miles below Red Star said the Germans ghting to expand their holdings n the east bank of the Don were hiding rough going because of ank traps and heavy Russian ar bllery but acknowledged the area of fighting west of Voronezh July U ed airmen thundered into action iday with the mightiest air as inlt ever witnessed in the desert support at British rces which advanced five miles n the northern sector of the El lam sin front ;