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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - January 31, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TEL COLDER JANUARY 1942 PRICE 3 MACARTHUR SPURNS SURRENDER CALL BRITISH ABANDON MALAYA Siege of Singapore Is Started as British Troops With draw Into Fortress CAUSEWAY BLOWN UP By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 31 The siege of Singapore began today when it was announced officially that British troops battling the Japanese invaders had withdiawn from southern Johore State into To Tap States War Chest 31 state administrative board will receive next week its first request for an allocation from Michigans 000 war request from the states military establish The probably meeting must first determine a procedure through which the fund will be divided among several petitioning it was It was reported that Secretary of State Harry Kelly has proposed that requests for the money go through the boards national de fense committee composed of him Lieut Frank Murphy and Auditor General Vernon any distribution of money or approval of fiscal mat ters is acted on first by the boards finance committee composed of Singapore Island and that the state treasurer Theodore causeway connecting the peninsula L Fry and Thus the na tional defense committee is domi nated by Republicans and the fi nance committee by LeRoy quartermas tergeneral of the state military said the re quest included funds for the state troops he have beeji out of money and incurring defi cits since with the island had been blown The British Far East command said that with this withdrawal of troops from Southern Malaya the battle of Singapore had The halfmile causeway ran from Johore the first rail station on the peninsula after leaving the to the northern shore of the heavily fortified The British said the Japanese made little effort to interfere with the withdrawal to the The statement by the genera officer commanding in declar ed the battle of Malaya has come to an end and the battle of SingaNimitz Says Forces Operating pore has WELL HOLD SAYS JAPAN OPENS FIFTH FRONT INK WAR Launches Furious Assault on Amboina Island from Air and Sea Under Command Since December 31 ican forces have been operating un der a unified command since late in says Rear Admiral Ches ter and we have every expectation of holding these is In his second press conference since he became commander in chief of the Pacific Nimitz said today that so far as we operations of Japanese in this area in recent weeks have been limited to submarine For any successes they have obj have suffeved dlsprbj Our efforts in suppressing them have been satis Nimitz explained that unity of command is nothing new for Ha It was established shortly af ter he before the Roberts commission arrived to in vestigate the Pearl Hajbor Unity of command doesnt ex tend to control of administrative and Internal matters of the other he Military governorship remains a task of the In he work of the army and navy has not but the unit command ensures more effective Not only but the entire Pacific Island area is under Ni mitzs LieutGeneral Delos commander of the Hawaiian de indicated a possible forthcoming relaxation in the mili tary edict that keeps Honolulu and the remainder of the area bone dry as regards alcoholic There road through Johore thence some across the halfmile causeway which connects Singapore Island and the Has First Curfew Singapore had its first curfew last with the streets barred from 9 to 5 except to persons on active military duty or otherwise authorized to leave home or use the The Japanese lately have in creased the ferocity of their aerial attacks on hitting sec tions of the 24mile long and 14 For nearly two months our troops have fought an enemy on tlie mainland who has had the ad of great air superiority and considerable freedom of move ment by The announcement continued Our task has been to impose losses on the enemy and gain time to enable the forces of the Allies to be concentrated for this strug gle in the Far East Beleaguered in Fortress Today we stand beleaguered in our island But even as the thunder of bat tle rolled toward this British oftbombed 000 residents Singapore went about their daily tasks and de fense preparations with the grim determination to take matter what the Japanese bomb ers may broadcast heard in New York by CBS said the Japanese had hurdled the last barrier be fore Johore the railroad station across Johore Strait from Singapore by breaking through British defenses at 18 miles north of the Strait The battle line on as drawn in the British Far East com mand extended roughly from the Pontian Besar area in Western Johore 17 miles from Johore across man grove jungles and hills through in the and on across swamps and humid for ests and hills to the Sedili River area 40 miles north of The Pontian Besar area is near a junction of one highway leads 17 miles southward to the southern tip of the Malayan Pen due west of The IMPORTANT NAVAL BASE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BATAVIA Japanese have opened a fifth front in the battle of the East Indies with a furious assault from the air and sea on Amboina site of the second most important naval base in this and the Dutch declared today the fighting was raging This morning at enemy and aircraft were shelling and bombing the island and the battle was raging every the Netherland East In dies high command The high command also reported that a Dutch warship keeping up the Netherlands schedule of hitting the Japanese fleet and merchant ships at a oneaday destroyed a Japanese submarine in Indies waters by depth The Dutch tersely announced that again they had destroyed vital points in Amboina and vicinity carrying out on another island the declared policy of putting to the torch or blasting their riches to keep them from falling to the Jap Similar destruction was done to oil and other items when the Jap anese invaded Tarakan off northeast and even before the Japanese sailed against the important oil port of Balik on the east coast of The Japanese also have invaded the west coast of landing troops at The official announcement of the high command revealed that the Dutch had shadowed for some days the Japanese convoy sent against Amboina and that on Thursday it became clear just where the attack would be The attack began early Friday morning with the statement distriButed by Dutch news From until protected by bombed and machine The Japanese succeeded in destroying a church and school building and inflicted slight damage to a radio No casualties were re An enemy transport fleet was At 1 it was seen from Turn to Page 2 Today Last Day To Buy Use Stickers for Cars 31 today is the last day to buy automobile use tax A iederal law requires that the stamps be on cars But the Treasury admitted it lad no systematic way of enforcing the tax and would be glad to take motorists money whenever it comes Congress rejected the mlk of a special appropriation that he Treasury asked for enforce ment of this The stickers cost The ax is a and the present itamps are priced according to the ime left in the fiscal year ending June The law provides maximum pen alties of 525 fine and 30 days in ail for car owners failing to buy but officials declined to say what will be done about delin mile wide island as well as the city which lies on the southern shore of the But the raids are costing the city less in working as the workers carry on until the over head alarm is given and return to their jobs as soon as the raiders passed signal Raid damage has been cleared quickly by hundreds of volunteers and Tangled remnants of mot or cars and masonry from blast ed buildings blocked the road in one area hit by bombs yesterday but the debris was removed and the road was clear within a few A huge crater was dug by a bomb in the center of ah import ant road in another sector of the island but within an hour the road open RETREAT OF BRITISH IN LIBYA THE ITALIANS REPORT ROME From Italian 31 Italian high com mand announced today that British forces in Libya were continuing to retreat under heavy Axis pressure and declared that the scene of bat tle was being steadily We are maintaining frequent contact with the said a which also reported that Axis bombers were heavily blasting British troop concentrations and communication lines IS ACTIVE IN WAR 61 Regiments in JournalEstimates 31 An estimate that the Japanese army is making use of possibly 61 regiments of cavalry comprising altogether or more riding and pack horses came today from the Cavalry Some Japanese cavalry units were landed in the Philippines in late December at thestart of the General Douglas Mac Arthur has They have not in official re ports of the fighting at close quarters on the rugged Batan although the forbidding to was viewed as well suited to horse transport By American military standards Japanese cavalry is poorly lacking the armored scout cars and other auxiliary mechanized equip ment which makes the existing two United States Army Cavalry Divisions and other mounted units hardhitting as well as fastmov ing instruments of The Japanese horsemen are credited nevertheless with record of mili tary usefulness against the Japanese cavalrymen still rely on the every officer and man being equipped with a weapon about three feet American cavalry discarded the saber after the first World except for riot Every trooper and ficer of American Cavalry units is armed instead with either a pis tol or latter a short barrel Japanese officials aresmaller on the average than those in the United States but have come thoroughbred Called to Testify Before Sen ate Committee 31 W Farm state senators brushed aside President Roosevelts criticism of agricultural provisions of the price control law and called on Secretary of Agriculture Wickard today for a statement of his policies under the The Senate Agriculture Commit tee summoned Wickard to testify at a closed session in connection with his recent statements that farm prices ought not to go much over Manufacture Parts Do Service Work and Negotiations were completed yes terday for the transfer of the De troit branch of the Sunbeam Elec FIFTEENTH UBOAT RAID ON ATLANTIC Tanker Torpedoed Another Reported Is Safe in Port SURVIVORS ARE RESCUED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 31 Navy announced the fifteenth enemy submarine attack on At lantic coastal shipping but balanced it with official word that another vessel previously reported set upon by an undersea raider sev eral days ago had not actually been attacked and had made port Latest craft to be torpedoed was the tanker owned by the SoconyVacuum Oil of New York Within five minutes after being the tanker was presumably being given up for Survivors were rescued by unidentified craft and were en route to Revealing that the tanker Pan Maine had not been attacked by as previously an the First Naval District at Boston reported tonight that the vessel had safely arrived in an Atlantic First District officers said that tnc Manufacturing Company to the reported attack resulted from Adrian where it will manufacture a premature report from the Pan parts for electric refrigerators in the old Lenawee Textiles Corpora tion plant at 815 Treat The Adrian division will be one of nine branches in the country of the Sunbeam Electric Company at and will manufac ture parts and provide repair serv ice for their refrigerators in Michi northern and northeast ern Joe manager of the will direct the removal of the plant from Detroit to its Adrian The transfer will begin immediately and Moore said yesterday he hoped operations hero would begin soon after the first of March with normal production to be in progress by About 25 men will be employed by the None of the De troit workers will and Demand Stirs Mirth In Filipino Ranks Men Brace Selves For New Offensive 1 9 British Airmen Return To Base With 100 By EDWARD KENNEDY WITH THE RAF IN NORTH of the Associated down into the 19 members ot the crew of an RAF Sunderland flying boat have reached their base with 100 Italian prisoners after swimming to shore through rough seas and hiking across the Libyan Desert with the The British plane was attacked by two German One was shot down and the other damaged and driven but the Sunderland also was and its starboard engines The big craft hit the sea bounced 50 and finally came to rest four and a half miles off the African One passenger had been killed in the attack and a gunner was wounded The crippled craft drifted in Prisoners total of ships reported destroyed by submarines off the Seaboard with a toll in dead and missing of more than 350 The raid ers have struck down these ves sels in a threeweek period in operations extending from Florida to Nova Only one of the ships attacked has escaped de She was the tanker A special statement preceded on the German radio by a fanfare of trumpets today reported at Ber lin that Uboats operating off tile United States and Canada had sunk 43 totaling all employees will be hired from since the beginning of the war the Adrian Moore Negotiations toimoveTw plant to Adrian have carried on for the last two months through secretary of the Chamber of The factory building has been bought from its former the Schwarze Electric There are about square feet of floor space n the building Knd the Sunbeam Com pany has leased an additional square feet of surrounding land from the New York Central Rail way which will be used as parking space for the present The next month will be spent transferring the equipment from Detroit to Adrian and installing additional The Sunbeam Company supplies refrigerators to a Chicago mail or der Last year it built The Adrian division will act as a repair station for this locality It will manufacture parts and will service refrigerators sent into the and Moore and their four daughters will move to Adrian some time in in sigrnSg the price control bill Strike Against Newly Broken President Roosevelt said that there was real danger in a pro vision Which prevents the fixing of ceilings on agriculture products be low 110 per cent of a basic price calculated to give farmers equality in purchasing power with Although the President said if need Congress could be asked to correct the 110 per cent parity section by amending the farm bloc members made it plain any such proposal would provoke a bit ter Turn to Page 3 TRUCK LOADED WITH SUGAR IS HIJACKED NEW 31 trict Attorney Frank de claring that any crime which takes advantage of wartime conditions amounts to struck hard and fast yesterday after the theft of a truck and trailer loaded with pounds of Twelve hours after the John was indicted on first degree grand lar ceny He pleaded inno cent and was held under the unusu ally high bail of by Judge John who commented that lawenforcement agencies should be backed up in suppress ing such At Pantulinos As sistant District Attorney Harold McGowan said apparently this de fendant doesnt care what happens to the trailers and tires are all rationed sugar is soon to be gov German Lines By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS army troops striking against newly rup tured German winter lines in the Donets Basin after deep Russian penetrations through the north and at the center claimed today recap ture of 46 more villages and Broadcasts from Berlin warning western Europeans what a Russian conquest would mean shared the air waves with Moscow radio sum maries of flanking and encircle ment victories from Lake Ilmen to Ukrainian granary The Russian information bureau reported that the 46 towns newly recaptured were in the pincer zones of the central front and in the where the previously an nounced drive of a Russian spear head to Lozovaya had placed Red army legions only 70 miles from the big bend of the lower Dnieper The Germans lost over 800 sol diers and officers killed in a hour action on the Kalinin front in the conquest of in the Kirov sector 150 miles south west of and suffered heavy casualties in other snowcovered battle the bureau Seven 100 supply laden two more than 100 aerial bomb depot and other trophies were declared to have been added at Sukhinichi to the already enormous stores of cap tured German war equipmont Air Force Cooperates Skiequipped planes of the Rus sian air force struck again and again in support of the ground Turn to Page 6 Maine due to the fact that a peri scope sighted by two of the crew was so close that an attack was If as was Rochester would raise to 15 the the ENEMY SHIPS shore and finally The gun ner was placed in a rubber dinghy and the others swam beside it to shore near There the unarmed Britons encountered an isolated party of 40 to 50 Italian soldiers who claimed them as The mixed band started along the carrying the gunner on an improvised The next day they met 20 Italian Embittered they the Germans had made off with their these officers proposed that in return for their help they be given favored treat ment if they fell into British it became difficult to distinguish between captors and An Italian major publicly flog ged an Italian soldier who had made off with the wounded gun ners flying Next day the gunner and Dear Filipino Soldiers Urged to Lay Down Arms Offered By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 31 General MacArthurs army braced itself in the mountains and forests of Batan today against a sixth ma jor assault by Japanese hordes in 29 days of Contemptuously ignoring a de mand for the general held his American and Filipino troops alert for a great new Jap anese He gave no indi cation of where he expected the full weight of the but hig statement yesterday that it was coming paralleled the predictions he had made on the eves of other major Batan The temper of his warriors as e zero hour approached was with the United Hit RecordBreaking Total of Billion Dollars in January 31 Defense bond sales to a recordbreaking total of 000 this and some treasury officials predicted that 1942 sales would reach The January record approxi mately doubled the sold in after the Pearl Harbor Sales in the seven weeks since Pearl Harbor total nearly as much as the sold previously from the time the bond campaign began last May Officials called the January sales probably the greatest distribution of small unit securities in Although liberty bond subscriptions in the World War were purchasers frequently bought them on the instalment financed by local Todays defense bond sales are strictly on a cash January probably will not be equalled again this since many of this months sales were to wealthier purchasers who bought the limit for the whole No one can buy more than of series E and more than of series F and G bonds in the same During the rest of the the treasury will concentrate its cam paign to get persons of smaller means to buy a bond or two every pay Several thousand bus iness firms already have been signed up to deduct the cost from paychecks of those employees who are willing to participate in such a The January sales figures do not include defense stamps DESTROYER LAUNCHED 31 the ways little more than eight or about half the peace time period for a vessel of her type the United States destroyer Barton was launched today at the Bethle hem Steel Companys Fore River Plant officials said later ships of the same design probably would be built even more The destroyer was sponsored by Miss Barbara Dean grand daughter of the late Rear Admiral John Kennedy for whom the ship was The Barton is a sister ship of the launched a month TO GET GAS MASKS SAN 31 Every civilian in San in have a gas mask under plans reported by Police Chief Charles The equipment was included in a list of civilian defense war material which as the citys civilian defense has requested from the head Say Five Others on Fire or Heavily Damaged from Japanese broad 31 im perial headquarters announced to day six enemy transports were sunk and five others were set on fire or heavily damaged Tuesday and Wednesday during a Japanese air attack on the port of on the west coast of The Japanese report said one ship and three vessels were set on one ton vessel was heavily and two ships and four other small rvesselswere Inair Singapore Tues Japanese bombs were said to have destroyed five British planes on the ground and heavily damaged one enemy vessel in The Japanese further said air in stallations were subjected to a de structive Waves of Japanese naval bomb ers raided Singapore the report destroying mili tary and rail way track at seven places and causing Two planes were reported shot down in an air bat After a successful landing at on the west coast of Dutch last the Japanese closely cooperat ing with naval completely occupied 30 miles north on the same the Japan ese Pamangkat is about 85 miles north of chief city of the Borneo west The Dutch announced the Japanese landing on Another Japanese column driv ing southward from Jap aneseoccupied capital of on the island of captured Ledo about 15 miles southwest of in the west ern part of Dutch last the reported Very Grateful for Celebrations of Birthday 31 President Roosevelt today turned back to his wartime very he for the na tionwide celebrations of his 60th birthday which produced uncount ed sums for the fight against in fantile Twentythree Hollywood stars lent glamor to the birthday cele brations They had luncheon at the White witnessed the Presidents thank you broadcast to the and made personal appearances at half a dozen balls and three Fouryearold Gerry a New York boy who is recovering from infantile was a guest at the White House lunch along with the Dressed in sailor he shook hands with the President and left him a birthday model airplane Roosevelt represented the Chief Executive at the cutting of his 650pound birthday the highlight of a dance attended by thousands at a huge Cine mas Mickey Rooney got two Turn to Page 3 the Italian major conducted a military Then the major proposed that his party head for leaving the British with rifles to fend for themselvesThe RAF leader in sisted Bengasi had fallen to the The Italians at first were but finally were convin ced and gave up the idea of try ing to regain the Axis Then the whole group set out eastward toward the British From time to time other strag gling Italians joined the Perhaps one of the oddest angles of the adventure was that an RAF sergeant who had a small camera made a photographic record of it the Italians were as anxious to get into the pictures as were the Knudsen Pleads for Greater Arms Production 31 plea for even greater production of the weapons of warfare was before the automobile industry today as William Knudsen warned the nation anew to steel itself for a long war and a cruel Making his first visit to this vast industrial center since appointment as War Department production General in civilian declared that plenty of powder and shot was available but that more guns were He anti aircraft and antitank guns he could be produced in mass quantity by the auto Speaking before the Detroit En gineering Society last Knud sen said there was no doubt as to the outcome of the but he added it is about time America got sore about Instead of patting the Russians on the back while we have our ham and he we ought to start thinking about what we are going to do to that other He said it was impossible to superimpose the war program onto civilian General Knudsen praised Pres ident Roosevelt for his foresight in getting the arms program started while fending off war for two years and said Congress has per formed magnificently in putting funds at our Some he had been slow about going down to Washington and getting war or but that none had shirked any assignment once it was al As to the building of arms Knudsen said I take off my hat to the con struction although sometimes they commit grand larceny in pri He predicted that the United States would be top dog in the air in two pointing out that when he went to yVashington last June I never thought that some day we would have planes on The secret accelerating produc tion of he is in limit ing manufacturer in each plant to one type of he is to be the future policy of the War Production Getting one type of plane out of one plant is real and is much faster than attempt ing to produce two or three types from the same shown in a statement issued late It told how General MacArthur and his troops paid no attention to demands for surrender yester and it said it occasioned much mirth among the Filipino who are continuing their resistance with courage and The original surrender demand was showered down on the defen ders front lines three weeks on the day before the first major Japanese com mander in the Japanese ex peditionary it was ad dressed to You Are Doomed You are well aware that you are it The end is question is how long will be able to resist You have cut rations by I appreciate the fighting of yourself and your who have been fighting with Your prestige and honor have been up in order to avoid needless bloodshed you are advis ed to The new to the Filipino was the back of the original Todays Map The threat to India daily be comes more For a map of this vital area turn to page seven of todays Dear Filipino soTdieriffiiere are still one way left said the crudely written That is to give up all your weapons at once and surrender to the Japan ese forces before it is to then we shall fully protect In the Batan Peninsula MacArthur has varied his defense In some instances he has broken the enemy spearhead with con centrated artillery At other times he has counterattacked directiy as soon as the fighting he has hurled his scant forces at one end of the line surprise thrusts to relieve pres sure Con the First Major Push 11 After an early on 5 which they 700 Japanese the and Filipino troops felt the shock of the first major attack on when the Japanese struck the right flank with tremendous Although thrown back with heavy losses during the first day of the invaders came on again only to see their tanks and armored columns shattered by Mac Arthurs big guns in a 24hour ar tillery engagement The second heavy assault opened against the right flank but faded out in two days The third largescale attack was against the where the Jap anese struck in force on 20 only to be thrown back by a count erattack the next Without giving the defenders a breathing the Japanese launched a fourth big attack on gradually concentrating on the left MacArthur relieved this pressure by a counterattack on the right which stabilized the front on Thursday the Japanese sent their infantry in headlong assaults on the right and left but Mac Arthur broke up this fifth assault with artillery and is now grimly set for the next ENEMY OVER ULSTER Northern 31 Air Force fight ers engaged a German reconnais sance plane yesterday over the area to which the vanguard of United States expeditionary forces have been officials said WASTED NEW 31 York City probably is wasting more than pounds of sugar a Health Commissioner John Rice said today in reporting on a special survey at 224 And he re ferred only to sugar left undissolved in the bottom of tea and cof fee cups and did not take into con sideration sugar wastage from other dishes such as cereal This yearly wastage of sugar in New York City alone would be suf ficient to take care of the normal daily sugar needs for a whole year for a city the size of East he In the 1940 census East Oranga had a population of ;