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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - January 26, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELE JANUARY 1942 Light Rain IHtalb M two PRICE 3 FLEET SINKS 7 JAPANESE VESSELS Pearl Harbor Disaster Due To Dereliction Of Duty By High Officers Amazing OverConfi dence and Spy Activity Dis closed by Report a report of words released at nine oclock Saturday night the presidential board of inquiry found that the disaster at Pearl Harbor was due primarily to dereliction of duty on the part of Lieut Walter Short and Admiral Hus band the commanding army and navy officers in They had been adequately in United Nations Pilots Dump Tons Of Bombs On Japanese MAKES IT INCONVENIENT FOR TIRE THIEVES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Airman of the United Nations dumped tons of explosives on Jap anese bases at Bangkok and Hanoi during the week Chinese troops massed in great numbers for possible action against Japanese occupied Thailand and French also maneuvered troops along the formed from Washington that war of The Chinese large bodies of Thai and IndoChinese and the British announced an unim peded withdrawal in the Moulmein 100 miles east of The British said the Japanese were mown down during fighting in the Moulmein sector but con tinued to advance by sheer weight was imminent They had been warned to pre pare against an air They refused to believe an air raid They failed to take the obvious precautions and failed to confer The RAF flew at a low level in the face of strong antiaircraft fire Admiral Kimmel and together upon the warnings the measures to be Secretaries Knox and Stim the heads of the Navy and war together with Admiral chief of naval and the army chief of General George r Walter Short were said to have ful filled their Had orders issuea by the chief of staff and the chief of naval op erations been com plied the commission the aircraft warning system should have been operating the distant reconnaissance of the Navy and the inshore air patrol of the Army should have been maintain ed the antiaircraft batteries should have been manned and supplied with and a high state of readiness of aircraft should have been in effect Turn to PEARL Page 3 Imperial Valley Jolted by Meteor EL 26 gave the Imperial Valley a sudden jolt last night It may have been a meteor plung ing into the valley or into the desert to the across the border in The heavy jar was felt generally throughout the valley at At first it was believed to be either an explosion or a one shock citizens of Holtville and Calexico telephoned that they had seen a meteor flash across the sky and AUCTIONS Auction north of han See on Market IN BATTLE Japanese Lines Smashed for Him as Present from His Heroic Troops 26 OP General Douglas leader of an already historic Philippines celebrated his 62nd birthday today in the thick of the fighting on a crucial war front His martial spirit and record as a soldier make it evident that he would prefer no finer setting for the MacArthur and his indomitable little army of American and Fili pino troops made the birthday an niversary a doubly auspicious event by registering a spectacular yesterday in a counterattack which shattered the lines of a heavily superior The War normally restrained in its used the words smashing success to hail the MacArthur triumph which further dislocated the Japanese timetable for conquest in the South The official reference to the op eration as a brilliant maneuver testified to the admiration felt by official Washington and the nation for his last ditch fight in the Personal friends among Army officers assumed as a matter of course that the anniversary found MacArthur at field headquarters on the embattled Batan peninsula directing the continuing They dismissed the no tion that a man of the generals mettle could be persuaded to direct the fight from the relative security of Fort on Corregidor The battle now raging in the Philippines is probably the severest that MacArthur has ever during the smash at Bangkok Sat urday dropping 500pound demolition bombs on a powerhouse and other Damage was re ported It was the second major attack on the Thailand capital this More than 70 bombers and fight ers of the Chinese air with American volunteers presumably made their second as sault in three days on French one of Japans main The air armada sprayed the Jap anese air base with 200 bombs and left the field in Chinese re ports The Chinese also reported a land victory over the A Chungking statement said Chinese forces recaptured 20 miles north of Japanesecaptured Hong kong and east of the CantonKow leen The Chinese were said to be pursuing the Japanese from Tamshui southward towards A Japanese news dispatch from Bangkok said Thail land declared war against Britain and the United States Sunday and had ordered Thai troops massed along the Burma border to advance into that British territory in cooperation with the There was no mention of the fact that Thai troops already were aiding the Japanese invasion of Burma in the Moulmein A Berlin announcement said the reason for the Thai declaration was that the country had been at tacked by Britain and the United States 30 times by air and 36 times on Thailand in a military agree ment after surrendering to the Japanese invasion at the outset of the war in the promptly With rubber rivaling gold as a precious commodity because of the pinch of war motorists cant be too careful with the tires on their Arlo Cramer of 437 South Winter Street feels that way about it so he uses a chain and padlock as shown in the above photograph to hobble his rubbershod At the present Cramer is forced to leave his car on the streets until a garage near his home is I know that this wont make it impos sible for anyone to steel my Cramer But at least it will take anyone who might try it a little longer to do In several of Cramers fellow workmen at the Simplex plant filed the chain off one night just to prove that it could be HUGE NAVY BILL GOES 10 became a To Make Navys Supremacy Unquestioned Above and Below Sea By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS today a TIES WITH THE AXIS to PanAmerican Conference End Tomorrow RIO DE 26 With most of the Americas in line against the the Pan American conference of foreign ministers largest in tne1 nation to financethe navys objective of attaining unquestioned supremacy be low and on the seas through a gi gantic ship and plane building pro In sending the huge outlay pro posed to the House tor debate the appropriations committee dealt in superlatives stupendous and describe its aims but expressed full confidence in their accomplishments with unbe lievable An accompanying 313page trans Government To Ration Sugar 26 The government made ready to day to ration sugar at the rate of approximately a pound per person per probably starting earl in Leon the price ad announced Saturdaj that ration books were being pre He said there was a short age of onethird in the sugar sup which in 1941 was sufficient to today on w Fff testimony before the com mittee of Secretary of Navy Knox maining problems facing it before it winds up its sessions tomorrow Still to be ironed ou through compromise were several important among them the creation of an interAmerican defense The growing list of American re publics which have broken off re lations with the swelled by the actions of Paraguay and was hailed by the con Bolivia and Ecuador were pected to follow suit ful the first World War for great indicated that courage and conspicuous cour age under fire in France as Brigade commander of the 42nd or Rainbow OFF ARAJC COAST 42 Saved as Torpedoes Send Vessel to Bottom SEA ISLE 26 MVStriking without an enemy submarine sunk the Norwe gian in a pre dawn attack only 35 miles off the Atlantic coast but the crew of 42 was Three torpedoes rammed the 305ton motor ship within 12 min utes in the closest to shore enemy attack on shipping but for the first time since the en tered the war no lives were lost in Atlantic The explosion shook houses in several south Jer sey including Atlantic 20 miles north of The survivors escaped in two life soats which were taken in tow by two fishing smacks that came up MI the oildrenched seamen five hours after the ship went down about Turn to Page 2 ALLIES LOSE 26 Official Broad cast Recorded By headquarters said today that Ka New had been corn occupied by Japanese Elsewhere in the southwest Paci fic it Japanese troops which landed at Balik on the east coast of Dutch low were attacking fiercely along the coastal and Brazil also would act on a resolu tion to sever relations as soon as the conference Argentina and Chile then would be left as the only South American countries not breaking their ties with Italy and Paraguays decision was an nounced by the foreign ministry at Asuncion last night after a cabi net At the same Ur uguay quickly gave effect to her action by presenting passports to Axis diplomats at Montevideo and notifying her own representatives in those countries to leave imme pletely In took what Peruvian authorities were called severe measures against Axis propagand ists and tightened their control of radio FOR TODAY Both Houses of Congress Take Up Conference Report 26 Congressional leaders were optimis tic of winning final action on price control legislation today after a strenuous sixmonths Both arranged during the day to take up a conference report on the wartime price curbing with Administration lieutenants confident that before nightfall it would be in the hands of Presi dent The President first asked for such legislation last Julv Leaders were with a determined Republican led by Wolcott of Mich to send the muchmodified measure back to a joint Senate House conference committee for an overhauling of some of its provis Turn to Page 2 and high ranking officials their conviction that 1942 would prove the critical year in the bat tle for If we can hold our and even advance a then we will be ready for whatever the expand ed production will enable us to do in 1943 and said Admiral Er nest commander in chief of the Turn to NAVY Page 2 JAPS OCCU BATU Y AHAT Japanese Convoy JSighted Off East Coast of 85 Miles from Singapore 26 anese troops have occupied Batu 60 miles northwest of Singa a British headquarters state ment said The occupation was effected after days of heavy it It that there had been no change in the Mersing where the British right flank is anchored on the Malayan east coast 65 miles from The statement added that early this morning a Japanese convoy consisting of two merchant ships and several warships was sighted off on the east coast of the peninsula 85 miles from Endau previously had been report ed evacuated by the It was not Immediately clear whether the appearance of the con voy indicated an attempt by the Japanese to turn the British flank by a landing behind the The statement said that a Sikh battalion had inflicted at least 400 casaulties on the Japanese in heavy fighting Saturday at on the central said to be Japanese Cyclists Routed The same battalion also am 3ushed and routed about 200 Jap anese cyclists killing about the bulletin British which have been reported lending increasing sup port to the ground carried out a number of attacks on Jap anese positions the leadquarters to Page front 50 miles from casualties were sumption of a pound and a half He Tainted that some attempt would be made to recover stocks held by saying con sumers who are in possession o abnormally large stocks of sugar are warned that they will not be permitted to gain an advantage from their supposed Hitler Himself Reported in Flight Westward to New Headquarters By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 26 Winter toughened Russian taking advantage of the coldest weather in recent were reported today mopping up vast Industrial sugar which averaged 40 pounds a per son in will be cut to 27 Henderson said sugar supplies from all sources this year probably will total short com pared with in In normal times the United States obtains tons a year from the whose exports are cut off and whose output cut in The RFC has purchased Cubas entire crop to offset these losses as far as but much of the Cuban sugar will go to Allies of the and domestic producers of alcohol for war new RAF BOMBS RAIN ON AXIS CONVOY SINK BIG LINER 26 Gains ground out by the GermanItalian counter offensive in Libya were partially offset to day by news that the British air force had dealt smashing blows to a heavily escorted Axis convoy ap parently bearing reinforcements to North An RAF statement said bombers and torpedocarrying planes se verely damaged and sank a ton set another transport afire and crippled a Bomb hits were claimed on an other believed to be a and possibly on several other The which included three large merchantmen in addi tion to the was protected by a four cruisers and 15 it was The RAF said several bombs were dropped close to the battle ship and several torpedoes were launched at her but the ef fects were The attack on the in the Central was begun Friday and continued more than 24 the statement In the first assault one torpedo hit the liner amidships and another struck the stern of a causing a violent it Bombers later scored two direct lits on the causing violent When the convoy was sighted steaming east at reduced the liner was no where to be The situation on the African and front was described by Brit sh headquarters yesterday as con with sharp fighting raging n the vicinity of Saunnu and An 42 miles east and 50 miles northeast lively of respec LINE WIPED OUT BY RED ARMY areas of the long GermanRussian front after virtually wiping out Hitlers winter Hitler a Stockholm re port broadcast by the British radio has fled westward with his personal headquarters from Smo now endangered by the Rus to capital of white Russia 430 miles west of Cleanup operations were re ported in full swing in the area east of a 270mile line running from the vicinity of 230 miles west of to Orel and There was no information on exactly how far from Smolensk the Russians Russians said the Moscow region and that around 200 miles south of the were com pletely free of Germans and that the Kalinin 90 miles north west of was being Turn to Page 7 IN IRELAND 26 Arrival of American Army forces in Northern Ireland was announc ed today by Secretary of War Major General Russell Hartle is in it was but the size of the force and oth er details were Specifically withheld were des ignations of the their com position and the ports of embarkation and dates of The force was the first to reach the British Isles since the war started aside from groups of tech nicians and staff officials FIRST THEFT OF TIRES SINCE RATIONING ORDER IS REPORTED BY FARMER The first report of a tire theft in Lenawee county since the sale of new tires was prohibited and since the tire rationing plan went into effect was received Saturday by sheriffs W4w Kennedy of Morenci re ported that four tires had been removed from a farm wagon on his farm about three miles east of Kennedy told sheriffs officers that the Bombers Send A t Least 2 More Jap Ships To Bottom AUSTRALIA GIRDS FOR INVASION New Guinea Civilians Remov ed Japs Hurl New Forces Into Isles Around Continent FRONT COVERS MILES THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 26 Civilians were removed today from cities in New Guinea and in the heart of the Solomon Islands as jungletrained Australian militia battled invasion forces in the hills of New Britain and New Irelanc and the Japanese hurled new land ing forces into the arc of islands protecting this The steadilybroadening opera tions covered a broken front ex tending almost miles from northern New Guinea east to Flor ida Prime Minister John Curtin de clared that arrangements already were under way to give Australia a place in Sir Archibald Wa vells southwest Pacific staff and said Australias views on the war strategy had been placed plainly Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt Curtin declared in a radio broad cast from Perth that the enemy thunders at our very Thai Australias voice must be heard in the war and pledged Australia is for 11 is a white With Gods blessing keepit While the militia fought a de laying the war cabinet or dered immediate full mobilization of working and fighting manpow All men up to 60 years of age will be required to The enrollment of women is expected to Turn to Page 2 Members Demand That Pearl Harbor Commanders Be Punished 26 Angry demands came from Con gressmen today for the expulsion of any incompetents holding re sponsible positions in the war ef fort and for courts martial to pun ish those responsible for the debacle of Pearl A furore of bitterness on both sides of Capitol Hill followed the iveek end report of the investigat ing charging nonco operation and dereliction of duty by the Hawaii Many Senators and Representa tives asserted that the commissions conclusions pointed to a pressing need for a supercommand with control over the operations of both armed No immediate word of contem plated action came from the White House or the Army and Navy De The departments could order Short and Kimmel to face a court or President Roosevelt could dismiss them from the service for dereliction of They could appeal to a court martial if the Chief Executive took that Turn to Page 9 TO Pittsburgh Contribution Puts College Nearer Goal Kresge VESSELS STILL AFLOAT HEAVILY JAM AGED Japanese Losses Heaviest of Any Operation Since the War Began By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ameri can and Dutch forces waged a bat tle of annihilation today against a huge enemy convoy fleet in the Strait of between the islands Borneo and intent on wiping out the large Japanese expeditionary force trapped aboard the remaining In slashing seaandair action that was understood to be continu ing the fighting ships of the Asiatic Fleet already have sent seven enemy vessels to the bottom while Dutch and Ameri can bombers accounted for at least another and five mpre sink ings were listed as Navy Department reported heavy damage to convoy ed vessels still afloat and es corting The supreme command of the United Nations in the southern Pacific placed the number of ships damaged by air and sea action at a minimum of The losses inflicted onthis Jap anese said the United Na tions are the heaviest the enemy has suffered in any single operation since the war The exact extent of the havoc in flicted on the hostile fleet was left in perhaps for military rea the weektnd state ments issued here and in the south Pacific were not always specific m designating the arm or the na tion responsible for How Battle Developed The as the statements counted developed in this way Friday Dutch heavy and dive bomber fighters pounced on a strong force of Japanese war ships and transport scorin a dozen crippling hits on enemy destroyers followed up witn a smashing night usin both their torpedo tubes and gu batteries to score nu to score numerous of another was sunk and a third was left listing heavily SaturdayDutch and Armv returned to the assault bombers with notable They got go credit for two known severe damaging of two more ene my vessels and a direct hit on a Japanese cruisers and de stroyers again hammered the ene my invasion sending five more Japanese transports to th bottom and claiming the probabla sinking of a to Page 2 Late Bulletins might have been taken at any ime within the last week although he did not notice that they were missing when he visited the farm He did discover the theft n another visit The four tires were purchased in 1937 and had been used on the arm wagon since that Offi cers obtained a description of As the result of a gift to Adrian College from the First Hethodist Church Corporation of announced this morn the college is within of receiving the conditional grant of fered last fall by the Kresge Foun Samuel col ege said The Kresge grant amounts to and is contingent upon the college raising from other The money given the college from the church corporation will be used for improvements on college buildings and other The Kresge Foundation has also speci fied that if the grant is made it is to be used for college improvements and building 26 Axis undersea raider attacked the American Unker Venore off the Aorth Carolina coast late Friday 23 members of the crew are unaccounted the fifth naval district announced Twentyone members of the crew were brought ashore last night at The owned by the Ore Steamship was nit at least twice by torpedoes Friday and t sank in the Atlantic Saturday the navy BIO DE 26 The political meeting of the Pan American conference adopted to day a proposal to declare the prin ciples of the Atlantic charter which embodied the war aims of the Uni ted States and Also approved were resolutions calling for an immediate meetins of the general staffs of all Ameri can and proposing that no American nation represent the in terests of a warring government not on this continent in any other American Action on both resolutions ivas 26 J The British command today report no change of the situation on the Tenasserim indicating that British lines east of Moulmein were holding firm against the Jap invasion from American volunteer airmen with the Chinese air force added to their already long string of laurels on this Asiatic front by flying their tomahawks into a Japanese fight er force over the Rangoon Unofficial reports said they shot down three Japanese prob ably destroyed two others and dam aged One American fly er failed to get back to his ;