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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - February 28, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Fmr FEBRUARY 1942 PRICE 3 JAP INVASION FLEET HURLED BACK TROOPS STATIONJ mm Seen As Opening Gun of Series of Raids On Enemys Exposed Flank NAVY BRINGS THEM HOME By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Brit ish parachute troops dropped from RAF bombers successfully attacked an important radio post on the north coast of France during the night with the aid of infantry and the Royal it was officially announced The infantry aided the airborne soldiers in the latter phases of the operation and the navy brought them the communique The first announcement did not say what role the infantry how The official announcement said the task was finished according to There have been previous raids by detachments of Commandos on and small parties of sold iers have been reported harassing the Germans on the but this was the first announcement that parachute troops had been dropped directly on France by bombers flying from Some British sources predicted that this feat by hardbitten para chutists and infantry might be the opening gun of a series of stabs against the Germans exposed flank from the Arctic Circle to the Bay of The against a radio post which presumably was used to de tect British bombers crossing the was the first major British raid on northern Europe and also the first reported use of parachut ists since the raid on southern Italy The raid apparently was on a large scale since the troops were mentioned specifically as infantry and not as It was the first time regular British infantry had been in France since the last of the BEF left Brest June after the French The use of an airborne division suggested that the British might employ this had been trained secretly since the fall bf a series of extended raids on occupied TANlflPEF ONLY 1JF 36 SAVED SwimmingHole Experience Brings Seaman Through To Safety 28 husky young whose 35 shipmates was grateful to an old mudhole back home where he developed the swimming prowess that helped him survive the torpedoing of the Virtually recovered from his twohour battle to stay alive in a sea that seemed covered with flam ing 23yearold Frank Ter ry smiled calmly as he described the torpedoing of the Anderson fourth tanker whose survivors were brought to Florida ports within a Turn to Page 6 WALLACE STEPS INTO FARM PRICE DISPUTE AS A PEACE MAKER 28 Vice President Wallace assumed the role of peace maker today in the sizzling dispute between Presi dent Roosevelt and the potent Sen ate farm bloc over price levels of major farm Wallace was said to have quietly advised farm bloc leaders against insisting that parity price pro visions be attached to the pending war appropriation With farmminded senators smarting under rebukes by the President at his press conference Senator Thomas D Okla called a session of farm state senators today to map future strategy In the legislative attempts to increase market prices for wheat and President Roosevelt had de nounced the practice of attaching riders to important legislation as reprehensible and questionable leg islative Late Bulletins 28 Rus sians reported today that they were shooting down big German troop transport planes jammed with sold iers fresh from training in Germany for a spring offensive but in were nuhed to the front in desperate attempt to reinforce and save the trapped 16th German army near Staraya Dispatches declared that Ruatian gunners and fliers were frustrating repeated Nan efforts to get troops through and to drop supplies and ammunition to more than Germans virtually doomed within the tightening Red army JAPS RAID PORT BLAIR IN NEW WESTWARD MOVE Port Blair 1 in Indias Andaman Islands has been bombed in the farthest blow to the west since the start of The move indicates an attempt toward cutting Chinaaid sea lanes into Calcutta 3 now that the Japanese advance in the Rangoon area 2 has blocked use of the Burma Official Says Manslaughter Charge Against Him Would Not Be Well Founded 28 Arthur Torrance was free under bond today and prose cuting attorney Luis Trevino said a manslaughter charge against the New York author and explorer for the highway death of his 67year old bride would not be well Trevino that Tor rance at least would have to face a charge of negligence and impru based on evidence that he allowed his the prose cutordescribed womanof ad and poor drive at night at excessive speed while he listened to the motor car Such a if sustained by the would be punishable by imprisonment from five days to five Torrances release and vindi cation of the charge that he killed his wealthy the former Ada Loveland of had been recommended earlier this month by the Nuevo Leon state A final decision on Torrances contention that Torrance died in an automobile accident is not ex until late in If Torrance would liable to five years im Shortly after his the doc tors defense counsel said an action would be started to compel Richard Torrances son by a previous to come here to answer charges of slandering Turn to Page 3 IN CRITICAL AREAS Step Bespeaks Widening Na ture of War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS rations against Axis spring raids by sea or air were tightened today with a call for allnight everynight partial blackouts in a defense zone reaching 300 miles in land from all United States In collaboration with military of James director of the Office for Civilian asked immediate blackout of all lights in critical areas which are not capable of being put out at a moments notice in case of at The new defense move was in step with war developments which bespoke the widening nature of the conflict The coastal blackout program was continued in telegrams from Landiss office to regional OCD di rectors in the socalled target area which inland 300 miles from the Pacific and Gulf Regional offices were asked to obtain immediate nightly turning off of all lights which could not be turned off The request was decided on by the OCD in con sultation with military officials and was on a voluntary cooperation the OCD explained that any of the armys interceptor com mands have full authority to order blackouts when It was expected that thousands of advertising store window displays and other lights hi critical spots would be turned off hereafter because many of them are not con trolled from the central State is Divided Into Six Districts In Event of Raids 28 of Michigans citizens defense corps today divided the state into six districts for air raid protection The district will stand between county defense coun cil setups and the state organiza tion and will have the same service staffs as the state and county or be created it was Capt Don Leonard of the state commander of the state will appoint district com The districts District Oakland and Macomb District St Cass liv Barry and Allegan District Tus St Huron and Bay District four Isa bella and Mecosta District remainder of the Lower District Upper Penin Indicates West Coast and Pan ama Canal Are In Gravest Danger 28 Reports that Japan and Germany are using air and supply bases close to the American continent reached the Dies Committee today after its assertion that the West Coast and Panama Canal are still in the gravest peril from Japanese The location of the secret enemy outposts was not disclosed but in formed sources said they were strategically placed either for di Committee after mak ing public a report summarizing its evidence Japanese espionage in Hawaii and the Canal called on government agen cies to intensify their campaign against the Turn to Page 3 245 ENEMY PLANES IN 48 American Aircraft Lost In Combat 28 Newly announced results of an fighting in theFar Pacific gave an indication of how heavy a price coastal raiders might have to pay to reach their Secretary of War Stimson said in a communique that army fliers and gunners had shot down 245 enemy in the southwest while but 48 American craft were lost in air to 1 In American volunteers serv ing with the Chinese were credited witii the destruction of 165 Jap anese planes while losing only 31 of their The report said that in their at tacks on Japanese invasion fleets the army airmen probably have sunk at least 19 including the battleship and serious ly damaged 31 Knox reported Wed nesday that navy warships and warplanes had sent 53 Japanese ships to the and the navy last night announced award of navy crosses to seven submarine com manders for especially meritorious conduct during actions with the enemy in the southwestern FINAL RUSH IS FOR LICENSE PLA1ES More than automobile license plates were sold yesterday at the office of Budd county and in the final rush before the eld plates a crowd gathered in front of the East Maumee Street office before the opening hour this The office was Jammed with people all and Goodwin said that the rush would be nearly over by tonight and Monday would probably see the last of it More than cars and trucks were registered by the county of fice up to last night The final figure could not be but judging from the rate of sale to it will probably be in the neighborhood of by tonight Raises to 41 Number Sunk Off Atlantic Coast NEW 28 list of announced ship sinkings in the Atlantic coastal water where Axis submarines prowl totaled 4 today with Navy disclosure that two more American tankers hac been Simultaneously came reports of the sinking of a huge British mer chantman by asubmarine in the North Atlantic with the probable loss of 56 lives and the torpedoing of the British Scottish Star about 650 miles east of a British Caribbean Fiftysix men were miss ing from the Scottish Stars crew of An Axis its running lights turned the loaded Standard Oil into an inferno with one torpedo hit early yesterday 20 miles off in one of the wars most dar ing Billowing flames were visible from seashore resorts anc the fate of 38 of the Resors 41man crew remained shrouded in the haze of the smoking Only one Frank Leon ard of reached shore from the Atlantic Refining Companys W which was smashed by a torpedo and burst into flames off Others in the crew of 36 were believed lost As the firescarred hulk of the Resor drifted out of sight of shore occupants of a small fishing boat reported seeing four blackened bodies floating in nearby Rough seas and the heavy oil slick made it impossible to pick them Survivors of the big British mer told how the biggest sub we ever saw sank their ship February 6 about 900 miles from New Two men were killed by the blast 15 reached here and 54 are missbur Capt Wilfred said he lost pounds living through days and five nights of freez ing hell and greedy seagulls in an open lifeboat Map Todays map on page seven shows the extent of Japans expansion and indicates the drain on her WAGETOR PUN IS OVERWHELMINGLY DEFEAMINK Lawmakers Resume Consid eration of Second War Powers Bill THE VOTE IS 226 TO 62 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 28 The House resumed consideration of the second war powers bill today after rejecting overwhelmingly proposal to suspend the 40hour week and extra pay for A standing to 62 yes with many Republicans loining Democrats in an amendment by DVa which would have killed Smith suspended 17 laws providing for the 8hour 40hour and time and a half for work in excess of The amendment was strenuous ly opposed by the t was announced on the floor that President Roosevelt was against it and would veto the war powers measure if amendment was The war powers bill would broaden a number of to expedite the war The size of the vote against the Smith amendment surprised even Administration leaders the night thought the amend ment would carry and ordered an overnight recess to muster Action Surprise The fact that threefourths more of the Republicans present joined in the opposition also sur prised many Represen tative Martin of the minority told reporters laterthat most of those on his side of the aisle wereconvinced in the second days debate that the amendment was They felt that the amendment would affect organized labor withunion contracts at but would affect only unorganized la he United Nations Scatter Warships And Transports Japanese Flee Northward JAPANESE NEW SituationThere Very British Commentator Says 28 Jap enese are masisng troops for a newed smash toward Rangoon and the Burma front situation is very a British commentator acknowledged He admitted that reports the Japanese had cut the road and rail road north of Pegu probably were true and emphasized the strength of the imminent Japanese on slaught against British troops hold ing the lines west of the Sittang The Japanese infantry suffered casualties in a series of bull like rushes against a small British force holding a bridgehead across the the commentator Another British cut off when the Japanese enveloping movement jn the north flanked it fought its way back to the present lines after days of severe The battle of the Bridgehead was a small but gallant It was believed that troops of the Duke of Wellingtons infantry and the Kings Own Yorkshire light in fantry Attacking in greatly superior the Japanese battered at the British bridgehead garrison for two Despite heavy the British held on and on 23 withdrew across the river as engineers blew up the The military commentator said BATAAN WAR IS LIMITED TO PATROL ACTION 28 Fighting on the Bataan Peninsula has dwindled to patrol the War Department said The number coveringreports received until said Philippine theater Fighting has lessened in with operations limited to rela tively minor patrol General MacArthurs troops are holding advance positions taken Thiswas the main argument were no reports of ed against it by Representative Casey DMass many mem helped to pile up the votei against Smiths would have destroy ed existing wage levels uv unorgan ized industries and permitted em ployers to pocketadditional profits by not having to pay Members of the CIO and AFL would not have been he because they have contracts indicating all the Japanese casualties had been killed or guaranteeing the and Before the vote 40hour week on the Smith the House by a standing vote of 162 to a sub stitute by Monroney DOkla which would have given the Presi dent discretionary power to do the same thing for war industries Opposes National labor Policy The Labor Committee meanwhile heard Chairman Wil liam Davis of the War Labor Board urge that Congress refrain from trying to enact a national la bor policy Davis said that the nolockout ment recently negotiated by labor and management should be given a fair chance to Word of 155 new strikes in Jan uary came from Secretary of La bor who said that workers were involved and that mandays of work were lost She added that the number of strikes wag 11per cent below the December and that the manhoursof idleness amounted to per cent of the total time One new stoppage was reported at The Pennsylvania Transformer Com employing down after a walkout of CIO electrical Although the men announced their intention to hold a membership company officials said they knew of no During the 120 resumed work at the yards of the Bethlehem Ship building and work stoppages likewise ended at the La Belle Works of the Cruci ble Steel and by 50 striking AFL roofers FIBEARMS BAN 28 War Production Board has pro hibited the sale of new rifles or shotguns by anyone other than The order was issued last night to check an expected run on fire arms and save present stocks for war plant civilian de fense and police HATCH INJURED 28 Carl Hatch D NM remained in a serious condi tion from a fractured spine and Internal injuries resulting from an automobile accident attendants reported him resting Hatchs ov erturned several times yesterday 80 miles southeast of here while he was earoute from his home in to AUCTIONS March North Adrian Grange mile north of Ltaehan 4 oc Market French Say Their Fleet Will Not Be Used for War 28 The menace of any German con trol of the French fleet was em phasized again in a warning to Vichy against aid to the The Petain government replied with a pledge to refrain from any violation of especially any use of French vessels for pur poses of President Roosevelts sent to Petain personally on said that if Vichy aided the France would be classed as an as sistant of the declared enemies of the United Emphasis on war ships in the exchange showed how gravely Washington regards the possibility of any increase in the German fleet which would lead to steppedup coastal Acting Secretary of State Sum ner Welles sought further clarifi cation today of the Vichy The acting secretary of state said the French declaration did not answer certain questions bear ing upon relations between Vichy and the United States but was of value in estimating the nature of those during the last few days of com bat The forward elements of our troops are holding a line which extends from slightly north of Abucay on Manila Bay across the Bataan Peninsula to a point on the China Sea midway between Bagac and The Japanese are still holding their main battle 2 There is nothing to report from other Reds Increase Pressure Both Ends of Eastern Front 3y THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Increasing Red pressure at both ends of the long eastern front was indi cated today hi reports of the Red armys winterend On the where the soldiers of are laboriously break ing down the Germans offensive virtually gun by a broadcast said more Ger mans had been killed an ar battery arid six more pill boxes In an undesignated sector of the same where or more encircled Nazis are reported faced with the choice of death or surren der on the frozen marshes of Star aya the radio said a coun terattack by the Germans had been was an attempt by the trapped Germans to break out of the Russian Two Axis the German 113th and the Rumanian were routed on an undisclosed sector in the south and of their sol diers were the Red informa tion bureau Against these it our troops dealt vigorous flanking TO WON JAVA Unspecified Number of Losses On Both Sides Are Ac knowledged By THE ASSOOATED PRESS Warships of the United Nations flung back today an attempt by a hugefleet of Japanese warships and transports to storm the Soer abaja naval base and invade but tonight the armada was be lieved reforming somewhere in the Java Sea for a second onslaught Battered and scrambled la a nightlong the Japanese warships and their train of many j transports retreated and at 8 EWT the quasiofficial Aneta News Agency said it may be stated with absolute certainty there has been no landing of Japanese troops any where on Action at sea still was being joined late this but in formed United Nations sources here said the bulk of theinvasionfleet apparently was in the process of re organizing for a renewed attempt to land probably in the vicinity of the naval The approach of the Japanese sea force was preceded by repeated air raid alarms at but each time approaching enemy planes were driven off by antiaircraft fire before any bombs could be Pursued Dutch said several tens of the continental equiva in the in blows overwhelmed them and forcedthem into a hasty and dis orderly retreat PETAIN IS AS GUILTY AS SAYS DALADIER AT WAR GUILT TRIAL 28 mer Premier Edouard Daladier opened a direct attack today on his predecessors in the war including the present chief of Marshal as being just as re sponsible as himself for Frances lack of war who was war minister in two cabi was the first called to answer questions when the Riom court at tempting to fix war guilt convened after a two day Prior to his the court announced it declared itself constitutional and rejected a de fense motion for discontinuance of the said lie had covered up for ministers of war and mentioned by name the aged marshal who held the post for nine months beginning I am now condemned by a predecessor whom I have he I shall cover him no AWAITS HEARING 28 today awaiting hearing March3 on a first degree murder he fatally wound ed Kenneth also of with a borrowed shotgun the latter was causing ray family a lot of Police Chief John OBrien said Bosley confessed shooting Flanders in the front yard of his home yes terday after the victim had com plained to Bosley of his con duct with his16yearold daughter Reports reaching London Indi cated the Germans were confront ed with deepening worries over manpower and material on the Russian front A Reuters dispatch from said Axis troops move ments eastward from Germany were increasingly heavy and that suspension of Rumanian railroad passenger traffic was a step to ward shipping men to Russia during the next 10 Russian radio reports heard in London said many companies of the Spanish division had only 20 or 30 men left and one company of skiers was whittled down from 150 to 10 men within three The Soviet war news predicted that oil would prove to be Ger manys most vulnerable spot Against needs of tons a month at home and at the front it the Nazis were able to ob tain only tons from all sources throughout 1941 con had to dig into their re serves to the extent of tons a For lack of it whole divisions had to travel on foot from Germany to the GermanSoviet by a prior SIAMESE TWIN BABIES DEAD NEW Death came to the Siamese twin daughters born here to Jessie Picciotto after 39 hours of with respiratory failure tentatively assigned as the Peter who deliver ed said an autopsy would be Born shortly after midnight Thursday at St Vincents Staten they were fed through a medicine dropper and given Weighing a total of nine four twins were face to face and joined from apoint just below the chest to about an inch below the The mother is The a is BOMB GERMAN BASES 28 bombers raided the German naval bases of Kiel and Wilhelmshaven last night it was reported officially lent to stronglyprotected first scattered and then pursued by the Allied Unspecified losses on both sides were The communique said in part In the afternoon of 27 a strong Japanese fleet which cover ed a convoy approaching from the north was attacked in Java Sea by an allied In the course of the which also continued after dark ness had losses were sus tained on both The extent of these losses is not yet known because complete reports have not yet been For the same no review of this naval action can yet be giv The reports received that the which consisted of tens of retreated to the north in the course of the The remainder of the communi que reported raids on the port of Batavia and an airfield in western The engagement apparently held the fate of the allied strong hold of Java and the entire Nether lands East The United States and Dutch fleets twice have teamed to in flict resounding defeats on Japanese in Macassar Strait and in the Strait of Lombok off The Dutch naval department flashed word through Indies news that the fleets had met during the night and the fight was Unite Involved The Navy Department in Washington announced that Vice Admiral acting com mander of the ABDA naval forces in the southwest had in formed it that certain United States naval units are involved in the Java Sea fight The Java Sea lies between the is land of last allied stronghold in The Netherlands East and where the Japanese have There are two likely approaches for the now that Singa pore has Their warships might have entered the sea by the Macassar to east of or by sailing between Su matra and to the north west of The Dutch report gave no more definite location than the Java Sea but there was the possibility that the Japanese ships were those which the allied air force pasted hard yes terday in the waters nearBangka off Sumatras southeast With many thousands of United British and Australian troops in the island has preparing for Invasion heralded by heavy bomb ings of various points of military and strategic But the grand assault apparently was behind Aneta said the delay was attrib uted here to four circumstances to Page ;