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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - February 21, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Warmer DHalU oo Itmf FEBRUARY 1942 PRICE 3 LACK OF UP mm Scarcity of Vessels Most Seri ous Obstacle in Bolstering Pacific War Lines PRODUCTION IS BOOMING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS war materials were reported today to be piling up on American wharves awaiting urgently need ed cargo ships to carry them to the Pacific war And lack of sufficient rather than inadequate was described authoritatively as the most serious obstacle in the way of bolstering distant there was a conviction in the Capital that shipping would be only a temporary A Senate appropriations sub committee was assured by Under secretary of War Robert Pat terson yesterday that manufacture of tanks and guns was co Ing forward From Rear Admiral Emory chairman of the Maritime mem bers received a less encouraging description of the difficulties in turning out cargo The committee is to act Monday on the ArmyNavy appropriations carrying in direct appropriations and contract authorizations for construction of merchant The bill contemplates speeding up production to a rate of two ships a Land was said to have told the committee that every effort was being made to alleviate shortages in particularly and to hold down labor disputes which have interrupted construc He told reporters later that the rate of construction is not Losses Comparatively Small Committee members were said to have been informed that ship losses due to enemy action were regarded as relatively but that materials were be ginning to pile up on wharves and that the long haul to the Pacific front by slow convoys has retard ed The new menace to the Ameri canBritish supply routes to Rus sia was seen in roundabout press reports to London that a powerful German raiding squadron was steaming northward along the Norwegian coast The squadron was said to consist of the battle the pocket battle Admiral and the Admiral HipperJ While Congress concentrated on production and the Pres ident empowered the Army to re move any or all persons from AUSTRALIA GETS FIRST TASTE OF ACTUAL WAR Reiterates That Russians are Fighting to Put an End to Germany in 1942 Port Darwin north coast Australian naval base was bombed by Japanese in an hourlong prob ably from bases in Celebes and New Guinea broken Java and neighboring Dutch islands still lay under menace of A Japanese advance toward Rangoon on the Burma front 3 but the Chinese a victory in a Thailand thrust BUSH BEAT OFF 2 Enemy Boats Sunk Bomber Squadron Wrecked By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Navy and air force have beaten off a strong Nazi air and sea attack on a British North Sea convoy with out a single loss in air craft or sinking two enemy motor torpedo boats and wrecking a squadron of the Admir alty announced last night It was reassuring news to a British public alarmed a week ago by the successful passage of the Nazi Scharnhorst Gneis enau and Prinz Eugen through the Channel and North Sea from Brest to The battle began before mid night Thursday night and at the start a force of Boulton De British twoseater fighter planes believed to be the fastest of their class in the charged into six enemy bombers off the British east destroyed one designated military a step and damaged four The aimed primarily at the Japanese destroyed was a Dornier problem on the west coast Attorney General Biddle said it was not intended that American citizens other than those of Jap anse descent would be but pointed out it gave the Army power to act against any where in the United JAPANESE U Say 27 Planes and Military Objectives Destroyed from1 Japanese broad 21 smashing Japanese naval victory against heavy odds in a midnight fight be tween the islands of Bali and Lom another Japanese air raid on and the flaming destruc tion of 27 planes and military ob jectives on a Java airfield were reported today by the Two Dutch destroyers were sunk and a third was heavily damaged by two Japanese destroyers in the naval a communique The Japanese destroyers then were reported to have chased two Dutch cruisers three miles before two more Japanese destroyers rushed up and helped score tor pedo hits on the fleeing cruisers before they escaped in the night The sea battle took place last night in the Strait of which is about 15 miles wide at the narrowest point Domei reported the Japanese raid on capital of the Netherlands East but did not say what results were achiev Germanys latest longrange fast Then the German Eboats be gan to As the Eboats tried to run un er cover of a smoke the destroyers Mendit and ythcley took up the do ng considerable the Ad miralty Coming back to the Mendit attacked and drove iff two more Eboats and two hours the Holderness got two more at close range and hit by the destroyers first blew More Eboats appeared and here was a general the communique during which the second enemy ship was Early next morning still more Sboats for the last but were put to flight by a traw the Eighteen German survivors were picked Germans Withdraw In Libyan Battle 21 German troops and armored forces withdrew to the north after an encounter with British patrols on the TmimiMechili line west of the British announced The war bulletin said Operating over a wide front west of Ain El our fighting patrols again reached several points on the track from Tmimi to El Parties of the enemy including tanks were encountered but the general tendency of enemy patrols was to withdraw Destroyer Flings Self In Path Of Torpedo to Save Troop Ship By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Evening Standard published today the story of a destroyer which sailed into the path of a Uboats torpedo in order to save atrbop ship bringing hun dreds of Roya Air Force ob servers and navigators to from The destroyer and all but seven of her crew of more than 100 were lost But the troop ship with her valuable cargo of each of whom had had at least a years flying in British and United States army schools and in sailed fjafely into a Scottish port A fast liner of some tons sailed from a Canadian port for the Standard said in its story under the heafling This Was Their Sacrifice She sailed with a destroyer and corvette safely until she ran into the Uboat danger Then the alarm bells A submarine had been The Uboat fired a It It fired That also A second later it fired a third This one was on the head ing for the belly of the What happened next is told by one of the liners The he came be tween the torpedo and the There was a terrific explosion as the torpedo tore into the destroy ers Smoke towered up in sacrificial Debris rained on the liners deck and into the And when the smoke watchers on the liner saw nothing there except a patch of oil and a few It was a hundred sailors and an old destroyer in exchange for a thousand pilots and a fast That liner had to sail It could not pause to pick up surviv ors while a submarine still Only seven men were snatch ed from the sea by a Blum Defends Self At Riom Trial Unoccupied 21 chronology of prewar developments in Germany and France was among defense items before the special tribunal of Riom presented by former Premier Leon Blum to support his charge that this is a political The prosecutions selection of as the month in which France should have started strengthening defenses drew fire from one of five leaders of the old French republic accused of responsibility for its fall before Adolf Hitlers legions in It was in 1936 that Blums popu lar front government came into Carefully the ionher premier de veloped the point Hitler rose to leadershipin Germany removed her from the League of in stituted conscription and occupied the Rhineland before that He drew the conclusion that the arranged by Marshal was aimed at blaming his social reforms and the parliamen tary system for Frances military defeat Of the defendants only former General Maurice Gustave Gamelin appeared to take no interest in the proceedings He sat with his eyes straight ahead and his shoulders 21 New war powers legislation heads a list of major measures to be tak en up by the House next Slated for consideration it is one of five important matters House leaders hope to dispose of during the Others are legislation to repeal pensions for to set up a war damage insurance to create a womens auxiliary corps to aid the and to extend the life of the special committee investigating unAmerican activi The rules committee has set aside four hours for debate on the war powers which would give 15 extraordinary grants of author ity to federal agencies for the dur The most controversial clause in the Senateapproved pro posal would let federal reserve banks purchase government obli gations direct from the Treasury instead of on the open market as now Opponents contended this authorization would permit too much leeway for government bond market Also is a provision giving defense agencies broad pow ers to inspect books and accounts of contractors and to require them to be brought to Washington if nec The congressional pension repeal er may be considered ahead of the war powers since it was tacked on to a minor naval measure by the Senate and considered as soon as it reaches the Leaders said the House margin for repeal might exceed the 75 to 5 vote in the Senate While the House will be in ses sion to hear someone read Washingtons fare well legislation of con sequence is scheduled for considera tion that PRISONERS ECSAPE 21 Two Isabella county jail inmates one awaiting removal to were at liberty today after making their escape by prying a lock with bars removed from their Sought by police officers were Eugene of Reed under a three to 15year prison sentence for and Walter of ML a parole violator on a tire theft PLANS CHALLENe BY RU PAPER Major In The 4 Jap GERMAN ARMIES TIRING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 21 Hitlers ilans for a spring drive were chal enged by the army led today with the declara we shall yet advance far westward before spring and when t comes we shall develop our of ensive on a still larger Conceding that a san guinary struggle is Red itar reiterated that the Russians are fighting to put an end to Germany in Captured medical reports were quoted by the Soviet information Bureau as saying soldiers of the 339th Germany infantry regiment were extremely exhausted and Jie implication was that cold and illness had handicapped other in vasion The bureau troops yesterday waged stiff bat tles with the advanced said Red army Enemy Aircraft Make Frequent Flights Over Lines 21 The War Departments number based on reports re ceived until Eastern War said Philippine theater Heavy artillery firing by both sides characterized the action in Bataan during the past twentyfour Infantry patrols were ac resulting in numerous skirm In the enemy aircraft made frequent flights over our dropping incendiary Hostile artillery fire on all our fortifications was with Fort Frank bearing the brunt of the Our harbor defense batteries returned the Netherland aircraft participated hi continuingattacks oh Japanese shipping off the coast of An enemy fleet consisting of two four or five destroy and four transports appeared off the southeast coast of Bali and was attacked by a formation of heavy American army ac companied by two American army A24 dive The heavy bombers made three direct hits on one or more and two direct hits on the trans One enemy cruiser and one transport were hit by smaller mis siles from our dive Four enemy fighter planes were shot Our aircraft suffered no losses in this seven American army A 24 dive with an escort of sixteen P40 fighter resum ed the attack on the enemy In this fight a Japanese cruiser was seriously Two of our dive bombers and two of our fight er planes were lost farther and occupied several pop ulated On it our avia tion destroyed or damaged ten German 470 trucks with troops and 300 carts with ammunition and nine field nine antiaircraft gun instal 34 machineguns and 68 silenced 33 set fire to two railway trains and one fuel blew up two ammunition destroyed 57 railway cars two fuel trucks and one locomotive dispersed and partly annihilat ed nearly four enemy infantry bat talions about The Soviet War publish ed in said one or more Red fight er planes assisting in the defense of Crimean naval base has killed nearly Germans in a series of more than 300 offen sive A Russian ground unit was de clared officially to have annihilat ed more than 800 German soldiers and officers in four days of fight ing on an unspecified sector of the long winter HOMEWARD BOUND BUENOS 21 Baron Edmund von German ambassador who has been a storm center of Argentine politics for was homeward bound with his wife and two children to day aboard the Spanish Officially Von Thermanns trip was Berlin or dered him home shortly after Ar gentina recalled her envoy to Ger Ambassador Ricardo on 29 to give an account of some phases of his GOLD RECOVERED SAN 21 Daring enemy mines and dangerous depths in waters off the New Zea land salvage crews have re covered nearly English pounds worth of gold bullion from the sunkensteamer the Australian radio said last Premier John Curtin of Australia reported the salvage operations in a broadcast recorded by the CBS shortwave listening station The Niagara was sunk off New Zealand in Late Bulletins 21 J big German the ton battleship the ton pocket battleship Admiral Scheer and the cruiser Admiral were reported today steaming northward along the Norwegian coast apparently as part of a plan to cut American British supply routes to A Stockholm dispatch to the Daily Express reported the move ment of the thips toward Xrond The War Department announced today that American bombers in a of attacks on Japanese warships and off the Netherlands Indies island of Bali shot down four Japanese planes and scored direct hits on three cruisers and four trans WOULD PUT JAPS IN New Authority As sumed by Army SAN 21 Concentration camps for American born as well as alien Japanese were urged by representatives of the California county supervisors today as the army assumed broad new authority to set up areas from which anyone may be A resolution urging that enemy aliens and their descendants who are now or may become to the United States be removed immediately from the states coastal areas was adopte by directors of the Supervisors As sociation meeting at The temper of the people of the Pacific has risen to such a point that it is becoming dangerous for loyal enemy aliens to reside in close proximity to the Pacifii the resolution The demand came as Roosevelt issued an executive order giving the army power over al persons in areas it might consider and on the eve of th opening of a congressional commit tee hearing in San Francisco on the alien Battle Rages Waters Off Bali Warships Damaged Special Session of National Assembly Called 21 With the nations press protesting against a new violation of Portu guese the national as sembly was called to meet this afternoon in extraordinary session o hear a statement by Premier An onia de Oliveira Salazar on the nvasion of Portuguese Timor by Japanese The session was ordered last night after the premier met with iis cabinet for two Previously the Japanese ambas sador called twice on Salazar to inform him that the Japanese would leave the Portuguese half of the island after opening their objective if Portugal would main tain her neutral The Japanese announced yester day they had landed troops on both the Dutch and Portuguese portions of which is 800 miles east of the allied naval base at Soeraba and 450 miles northwest of also the loca tion of an allied naval The independent O declared that Salazar would tell the nation what to do at the national assembly meeting thb The Portuguese people stand with their O Seculo said the reasons given by Japanese were inconsistent1 and that Portuguese rights to Timor and its integrity need no be 2 of civilians from northern Australian na val station which was bombed b Japanese air raiders was ordered today as military authori ties clamped strict control on all activities in the All women will be removed from Darwin except an an nouncement Australian mean issued a flat denial of Japa nese claims that heavy damage had been inflicted on allied naval units in the Darwin They how that for military reasons a detailed statement of the damage actually inflicted by the raiders could not be made at present BURN TO DEATH 21 Negro all members of the burned to death today when a fire upper floor of a threestory apartment building on the south Six other Negroes escaped with burns of varying degrees of The four children of and Leo were asleep in a combination bedrootn and kitchen in their third floor apartment when the fire broke out The dead were Jean and Their father escaped while the mother was not at EVACUAJJN PIERS Can Remove Any or all Per sons from Military Areas 21 In a drastic move aimed primarily at the Japanese problem on the west the army was given sweeping authority today to remove any or all persons from military areas or to impose restrictions on The authority was conferred by an executive order based on the Presidents war time powers as Attorney General who had given a formal opinion on the legality of the told a press conference that this is a Japanese and the army did not now contemplate any action ex cept on the west coast and ex cept with respect to Japanese and Japanese Americans American born persons of Japanese many of whom have dual citizen Biddle thai the order was very simple anc very and that the army could act anywhere in the United the heart of New York if it The executive order authorize the secretary of war to provide and shelter for persons who may be moved The secretary and such officers a he might designate were also au thorized to take whatever step they might deem necessary to forc compliance with the Troop and facilities of federal agencie can be mustered to enforce what ever restrictions may be imposed The military areas to be desig nated under the order will super sede the areas already restricted o prohibited for aliensunder regula tions issued by the attorney gen Theoretically it is possible fo the secretary of war to take contro over any area in the bu the order will be invoked only fo the safeguarding of strategic areas it was Cripps Favors Cooperation With Reds By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sir Stafford new figure n Britains war is a scion f aristocracy who once was ous ed from membership in Brit sh labor party because he was considered too The recently retired Ambassador o Russia and longtime advocate of cooperation with the Soviet Union was reported to have earn ed a year in legal practice to give it up in the 30s lecause he grew tired of taking arge sums of money one capitalist to give it to another capitalist Now Lord Privy Seal and leader of the where he will be Prime Minister Churchills lieuten Sir Stafford once was called the most dangerous revolutionary n He is the youngest son of the iirst Lord Parmoor and was reared n the traditional old school tie atmosphere but this man who re cently declared for full political collaboration among United States and Russia has shown scant regard for precedent he appears in public in the conventional black coat and graystriped trousers of the to his farmer neighbors he is known as recognition of his knowledge of agriculture demonstrated in the Science was his first interest af ter his education at Winchester tollege and University but he left laborator ies of physicist Sir William Ram say for a legal In World War he drove an ambulance in but officials drafted because of his scientific as manager of a government explosive factory in By the time he was in tie had been elected a master ol the bench of the Middle named Solicitor General in the labor and knighted by King George V Turn to Page 4 AUCTIONS Auction south of Clayton Doc See on Market Auction north ol Llnehan See adv on Market Auction sale north ol Syl Linehan See on Market Farm sale north of Linehan See on Market Auction west of See on Japanese Back by Chinese 21 OP troops attempting to cross a river west of Jn the northernmost tip of Thailand were reported today to have been hurled back by Chinese soldiers in one of their first defenses o The Japanese thrust was aimed at which doesnot ap pear on maps available The Japanese have been march ing toward Chiengsen from Chieng some 125 miles to the south west and the terminus of the rail road from FACES SENTENCE 21 Laura daring speed flie of earlier today faced a sen tence of eight months to two year behind prison bars for her failun to register as an agent of Ger Protestingthat she had followed the dictates of her conscience in carrying out counterespionage in Miss Ingalls gave nc indication that she would appea yesterdays sentence by the federal district She was convicted 13 by a Todays For a map of turn to pag seven of todays Legislatures Session Ends 2 IP Michi gans unemployed in the war transition emergency will receive moreliberal unemployment com pensation under terms of a bill enacted by the as it concluded last night its sec ond special session of The bill goes farther than Gov ernor Van Wagoner had In addition to raising maximum and minimum and order ing that continue for longer the legislature provided more generously also for the so called inbetweeners who would be affected by neither the maxi mum nor In this is what the bill will do for the or more persons being thrown out of jobs as the factories which employ them normally are closed for war retooling On and after 28 until the liberalization expires May 31 maximum benefit will be increased from a week to a week maximum duration ol benefits from 18 to 20 weeks min imum benefits from to 510 a and minimum duration from eight to 12 Persons in between those two levels roughly will receive in creases in their grants of some thing like 20 per under a re vision of the formula for comput ing Persons drawing unemploy ment compensation may take jobs as farm provided they have no financial interest in the farms on which they without loss or reduction of Any person who has not ex hausted his benefits under the present scale when the act be comes effective 28 is eligible to receive the higher rates for the longer but those who have exhausted benefits before that time are not The waiting period before becoming eligible for benefits is reduced from two weeks to one Turn to Page 3 17 MQRE SHIPS SUNK OFF GERMANS SAY From German Broad 21 to day German submarines had sunk an additional 17 ships totalling 000 tons off American German authorities announced two weeks ago that 55 ships total ling tons had beendestroyed in the uhderseas raiding effor from the Canadian to the Venezue lan launched after Japan started Pacific THAN BATTLE OF mm STRAITS and Dutch Ships are Supported in Force by Al lied Aircraft By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A major naval all ac ounts even bigger than the battle of Macassar being ought in the waters off ft was reported with four Japanese varships already damaged by com bined United States and Dutch naval The which apparently egan shortly after midnight yes erday in a sharp sea engagement betwea Bali and Lombok vas being pressed reports The United States and Dutch ships supported in force y allied Japanese attempts to continue andings on the flowerscented sland separated from heart of The Netherlands East by a milewide were made more difficult by sharks and high waves pounding on the glistening Allied submarines also were help ing prevent the Japanese The Japanese bombed Banjoe on the east coast of Java about a mile and onehalf from Bali With all the fighting on Bali and with Japanese troops furiously jushing preparations on o the west of there was no sign thus far of a Japanese drive towards Batavia or West Faces Critical Hour The heavily fortified island of Java faced its critical hour of trial with the Japanese obviously building up to an attack in force on this last uninvaded stronghold of The Netherlands East The Japanese were beating against Dutch defenses to the right and left of Bali on the east and Sumatra on the west Should the Japanese gain com plete possession of those center of the United Nationsforces in the southwest be isolated except for increasingly precarious sea The Dutch were stubbornly de fending Bali and Sumatra but it was admitted the situation was growing more Turn to Page 3 12 ALIENS Twelve Lenawee county aliens became new citizens of the United States after hearings yesterday be fore Judge Arthur Rathbun in the Lenawee circuit Seven of the 12 formerly were British They are Nor man MacNaughton of Wil liam Burnside of Peter DeMocko of Isabell Gos nell of Mary Lighthall of Lawrence Flannigan of Hudson and James Baker of Theother five granted citizen ship were Anna Gianakaris of a Greek subject Irma Vanhaerents of a Bel gian subject Katherine Vaculik o Czech subject Peter Garcia of a Mexican sub and James Sharoff of Greek The final citizenship papers granted by Judge The examiner at the hearings was Ce cil Kiser from the Detroit natur alization The final hearing DeJonghe of a British was deferred until Leo a British and Iva Anderson of Manitou also a British fail ed to appear yesterday for their fi nal Hint China Drive To Give Base For Jap Attack 21 R for a Chinese counterof fensive to gain air bases for Unit ed States planes within striking distance of Japan was voiced by in formed quarters today as a result of the imminent visit of Joseph Stillwell on a mission for President Roosevelt It is generally expected that Stillwell will cooperate with Chiang KaiShek in formulation of a grand counteroffensive plan and at the time supervise the handling and distribution of a large number of planes which a Chinese spokesman said three days ago have been pledged China by the United Stillwell enjoys a high reputa tion among his Chinese Authorities who commented on Chiang Kaisheks successful con clusion yesterday of arrangements to supersede the Burma road with a route through confidently expect not only to become Chinas back replacing Ran but an immediate arsenal for China in all but heavy ;