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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 31, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADEIAN DAILY TELEGKAM Not Much Change In Temperature tWeather Oetads on Page Two DECEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 Payroll Of 7 Millions Reported As City Factories Concentrate On Producing Tools Of War With The industrial Peak Isnt Yet In Sight The city of Adrian during 1942 became a pulsating war production Factory employment again climbed to an alltime peak of be tween and and pay rolls increased to nearly In stimulated by feverish production in the automobile in and braced by growing de fense the payroll amount ed to The peak is not yet in sight The housing shortage has become so acute in the last year that em ployment experts and factory man agements have accepted the fact that women form the most readi ly available source of additional labor for expanding At the same measures have been taken to provide dormitory living quarters for new workmen and their familes who are needed to keep the factories going at their humming At the end of last 15 Ad rian factories had obtained de fense according to the Adrian Chamber of Com 25 Adrian factories are en gaged in war This was accomplished largely through the ingenuity and energy of individual plant managers in adapting their machinery for war An important of which the Chamber of Commerce and the Lenawee County Manufacturing Association can well be is the compiled index of every avail able piece of machinery in the city and This index contains thousands of and enables various plants to utilize the many machines in the by means of Two advantages were immediately forthcoming from this The time of de livery of smaller parts was reduced and more local industries and workers were brought into the war on War Production All 1 here are 37 factories in the More than 93 per cent of all factory workers are on war In 1943 it is expected that the annual payroll will be close to Throughout Lenawee the United Slates Employment Of fice last month estimated that workers were engaged di rectly in war This fi gure was quoted while the office was devising means to bring even more workers from their nones sential peacetime occupations in to the factories which are turning out weapons and supplies for the Turn to Page 2 ON FAIR BUILDINGS Remodeling operations on build Ings at the fair grounds which are to be transformed into living quart ers for incoming workers at Mag nesium Fabricators and the Bohn Aluminum Brass were started this Workmen began repairs on the grange building first and later wil move to the merchants building and the dining hall building locat ed on the Dean Street side of the If the number of work ers demands the horticultural building also may be Sewers and water mains to serve each building are to be The Bohn company is financing the remodeling project and in ad dition has agreed to pay rental fees to the fair association for the use of the Most of the workers who wil occupy the buildings will be Mexi jcans from the Blissfield Year End News Summary Adrian Pictures 5 Associated Charities 16 Boy Scouts 9 Building Activities 16 Babson 10 Births and 10 Camp Fire 16 City Schools 7 Club Activities 6 County ft City Library 7 Civilian Defense Review 7 Drain Construction 9 Fire Losses 8 Freight Movement 8 Highway Work 9 Humane Society 7 Industrial Survey 1 Post Office 9 Public Improvements 7 Probate Court 7 Police and 3 Red Cross 8 Rural 9 Real Estate 3 Salvage Campaigns 3 13 Weather 2 War Bond 3 War 1 ULenaweeMen Killed In 1st Year Of War Lenawee county has gone to war have been quite aware of especially par ents and relatives with sons in the service but as the weeks and months slip by and the dreaded messages Killed in ac tion and Wounded in action are the entire commun ity awakens to the fact that our1 Lenawee many of are fighting and dying for those at Seventeen Lenawee men have been either killed or reported mis sing by the Army and Navy this the first of the At least eight more have been reported wounded in The First Casualty The casualty list for Lenawee was opened when the parents of Warren 1st class sea of Clayton learned that he was lost with his ship at They received word in The list then increased Chester Lewis of Ad rian and a sailor on the cruiser was reported missing that same Cadet Melvin an aviation cadet from the son of and Sam was killed in an airplane crash over the Gulf of Mexico in In May it was learned that Coxswain John Wil liam a brother of George Miller of 1371 University had been killed in Decem ber at Pearl Turn to CASUALTIES Page 2 ALLIED PLANES SFAX FREIGHT YARDS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British eighth army kept patrol contact with retreating Axis troops less than 180 miles from Tripoli with out specifically reporting new gains today while in Tunisia Germans brought armored forces into action tothesouth againstthe French hefd TontduFahs American Flying Fortresses es corted by fighter planes again bombed the harbor and freight yards at eastern Tunisian setting large Two air craft failed to Reuters reported that the French had withdrawn under pressure from some advanced positions in the sector 30 miles southwest of but said they had established new lines in hilly terrain where Nazi mechanized forces could not The Fighting French in London said a communique from Le Clercs Lake Chad headquarters an nounced that our motorized forces continue their advance in the southern Fezzan in a crossdesert push which has carried into Libya some 550 miles south of This moving for weeks over desert is now 800 miles or more north of Lake the Fighting French In London a military source who could not be identified by name said there was no indication yet whether Rommels forces would make their next stand at Beurat El just beyond Wadi Bei El This source also advised against placing too much credence in re ports heard here yesterday that an American column was pushing deep into southern Tunisia toward Gabes 1o cut off Rommels lineof with CITY STANDS READY TO mm YEAR Liquor Sales Brisk With Popular Brands Gone Adrian was ready to welcome he arrival of a new year tonight with various public and private gatherings and the are that it will be a gala Dances have been arranged at the Elks club and also at the Lena wee Country Club and numerous smaller groups have planned mid night suppers and In accordance with the annual Firemans Ball will be held at the armory New Years Most Adrian stores have announc ed that they will be closed Friday and Saturday although some of them will open for Satur days Although liquor prices have in creased within the last few weeks state liquor stores have reported that the amount of liquor being sold is approximately the same as a year No definite compari son was available at the Adrian store today although specially de signated merchants indicated that they were selling more than last Much of it will be consum ed Stocks are somewhat lower than not because o a but because some of the older brands are going off the Although many of the popular brands have been sold out there is a plentiful supply of other clerks Some holiday liquor buying has been attributed to reports that a rationing pro gram may be In any a great quantity of holiday iquor has been sold in Adrian and the supply is by no means ex State retail stores have announc d that they will be closed both Friday and Saturday while in entories are Specially ie ignated merchants may sell as isual both 31 Dutch is described generally as not a took over the office of state high way commissioner to fill the shoes of the resigned Donald The position gives him command of a big governmental department which has been under republican fire for years as a democratic stronghold and most important cog in the democratic political machine in Reid took his oath of office at Wednesday a few hours after Governor Van Wagoner had accepted the resignation of Ken nedy who is going to Washington to become vice president for highway transportation in the Automotive Safety Foundation a private agen cy and had appointed Reid to fill tlie Reid declined to say whether he would run for election to the com missionership in his own He was appointed to serve until the position can be filled by the elec torale in the 1943 spring Kennedy and his friends are making much of statements that his decision to leave the highway has no relation to the Democrats November election de Actually word had leaked out before the election that he con templated such a although the job on which he had his eye was a closelyguarded People Wont Tolerate Politics In New Michener Says Earl Michener of thp Second Congressional district of will return to Washing ton Sunday after spending a few days in his office Mich ener will leave early to attend the organization meetings of the Con which will start Monday The opening session of Congress will be January and the Presidents annual message will be delivered January Speaking on the attitude of the people as Congress is about to be gin its Michener The people of the country have reached some definite conclusions as to what they expect from the new I believe the new Congress thoroughly appreciates the soundness of the attitude of our people and will endeavor to meas ure up to Its going to be a hard Everyone cannot be but with tolerance on the part of the people and courage and sincerity on the part of the much will be accom The people demand the enact ment of all necessary legislation to bring this war to the earliest pos sible victorious conclusion andwitli the least sacrifice of blood and They will tolerate no partisan They know that the war cannot be won by the Democrats or New Dealers Unanimous endeavor is All social reforms must give way to the war First things must come They realize that the war must be conducted by the executive de partment and they want no carp ing fault they are through with a yes man Con They are willing to pay all necessary taxes but will and should hold the Congress responsible for needless and wasteful ap They want to finance the but they are qdamanl against expenditures for anything excepting They are ready to accept ra inconvenience and sacri fices when but they want to be They want less arbi t r a r y bureaucratic This is a democracy and logic and reason are most They realize the job that is ahead of us and that there must be concentra tion of authority in the govern but they want to be sure thst our war time regulations do not become our peace time form ol NO PAPER TOMORROW There will be no edition of The Telegram New Years News articles in todays edition prepared by members of The Telegrams the Associated Press and special writers present a review of NEW GOVERNOR AT HELM OF STATE Plot On Lives Of Presidents Thwarted Four Negroes of Sedition NEW 31 Tegro members of the Ethiopian acific one of whom vas quoted as saying he would have resident Roosevelt picking cotton after Japan have been con victed of sedition and conspiracy to commit and may be sentenced to as many as 40 years in prison After deliberating fourandone half hours a federal court jury convicted Leonard Rob ert described as the Black Hitler who founded the movement Lester Eugene 38 James Henry 40 and the Ralph Green The three of whose members vere recommended leni ency for Joseph plead ed guilty before the He and he others will be sentenced The defendants were charged ipecifically with using the move ment as a cover for Axis propa advising Negroes to refuse o fight for the United States and o impede enlistments in the armed Government witnesses testified the defendants had said at meetings that the Negroes future ies with Japan and that Allied claims oE victory are complete New Years Day under the dome of the state assume office as governor of the state of tol at Lansing sees Harry Detroit Whole Nazi Caucasus Army Is Menaced By Red Thrust By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 31 The Red armys offensive southwest of Stal ingrad has broken deep into Ger man carrying Russian forces to the approaches of heart of the Kalmyckstepper and menacing the entire Nazi army in the battlefront dis patches reported The Russians were widening their wedge along the railroad southwest of Kolelnikovski and elsewhere were reported continu ing their gains along the middle Don and on the snowpiled batlle fronl between Moscow and the Lat vian capital of the Kalmyck was threatened from the north and east with Russian forces at one place within 10 miles the This was the first Russian ack nowledgment that the Germans had captured Elista in their drive toward the Caspian Sea late last Previously Moscow had not disclosed the extent of the pene tration into the barren Elista is 165 miles south of Stalin 110 miles southeast of Kotel and 175 miles west of at the Volga delta on the Caspian Reports from this where the Russians reported the capture of 13 more said Remont 40 miles northwest of fell after several hours of J and 10 miles north of was seized in a thrust so swift that the Germans had no lime to remove arms1 or am Salsk Slain fijoal The geSeral lirfei of the drive across the Kalmyck steppe indicat ed that the next major objective may be 110 miles southwest of Kotelnikovski and 130 miles west of Occupation oC Salsk would cut a rail line running northwest to Ros railway is one ot the lifelines of Ihe German army in the Midway between Elista and Salsk 31 the eve of tomorrows inaugural cere Atlorney General Herberl Rushton labored to complete the text for a formal opinion that Senator Herman secre tary of and Senator Hale state are entitled to take office Friday with other election Rushlon said informally that to bar them from office simply be cause they were elected while members of the Senate would mean that no senator or representative could be You cant divide the two lines of he If a legislator cant run for another term of which starts after his legislative term ex as in the case of Senators Dignan and then no legis lator could be reelected to the House or because he would be running for office while still serving his first If that were then youd have only 27 of the 100 members of the and nine the 32 members of the Senate who would be eligible to take office January The court held last week that Senator Earl Bur hans was illegally elected to the University of Michigan board of regents because he was a member of the Senate Rushton contends this was proper because the re gency term started before the close of Burmans legislative but that the opinion does not apply to Dignan and Brake because their legislative terms end at midnight while administrative terms do not start until Turn to LANSING 11 worst flood since Var Plants In Pittsburgh Area Paralyzed By TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS the disastrous Patricks Day high waters of reached a peak of feet today at the junction of the Monongahela and Alle feet above flood Thousands of persons were made rail and bus traf fic was badly numerous war busy plants beshide the streams were paralyzed and many business firms had to The Red Cross reported it was caring for destitute persons made homeless in this Allegheny county Only one loss of life was report ed in contrast to the 80 who died in the 1936 when the rivers reached a crest of 46 feet The muddy waters surged into many streets of the steel citys downtown Golden Triangle dis Rowboats were used in parls of Penn where the water ran a foot over the sidewalks the Joseph Home department its flood set up since 1936 kept the big store weather said the rivers starting at would be very The streams were moving at the unusual rate of four miles an Man Loses Life Fitzwilliam oi near New Cas lost his life in swollen slippery Rock creek while canoeing with a John son ot a The boat Caughey saved himself by grab bing a bridge Army engineers estimated that the level here was held down as much as three and onehalf feet by a series of dams which have been built during the past five Turn to FLOOD Page 11 AUCTIONS Public auction southwest ot Ltnehan t Sec on Market west of tfirgil See on Market south of See on Market s a 50milelong lake which would be a major barrier during the spring and but which is a scant in the winter when t is The Berlin radio broadcast Transocean account attempting to minimize the Russian winter of fensive for the German This Nazi version said that in the steppe region south of the Don became necessary to withdraw systematically some of our fore most and tacitly acknowledged that sizeable Ger man forces on the Stalingrad front operating far in the rear of the This was as close as the Germans have come to admit ting that large forces have been cut off and Transocean sought to develop the idea that the Russian offensive this winter was of less force than that ot last It said the Russian command this winter had been forced to restrict its offensive to certain Actually this winter the Russians are on the atlack northwest of Moscow in at least two sectors ol the central southwest of Voronezh into the in the middle Don north of anc on a wide front in the Last year the Russian counter strokes were delivered almost en tirely before Moscow and in the Donets Turn to RUSSIANS Page 11 HIS SQUARE LIGHTS BE DIM NEW 31 Square wont be lit up but on the other there are the The dimout will engulf hilarious thousands who will jam this mecca of fun to howl hello on past New Years it won dim the traditional Although the Times Square throngs were expected to be smal ler than in past years because o wartime there was m doubt that they would have more money to Heads of night res taurants and theaters predictec they would be filled to capacity Some said all available space hac been Department o housing and buildings inspector Will be assigned to prevent over An abrupt letdown will come a 4 EWT when bartender1 must cease officia Scores of parties and dances ar scheduled for service The patriotic motif will be part of the At midnight Times Square revelers will be asked to sing the national anthem with Lucy Monroe five minutes across New York the torch of the Statue of Liberty will flash a VforVictory West Coast Dimmed Out 31 That ballad bygone New Years We Wont Go Home Until And Maybe Not At a melodic heaveho just about everywhere revelers gather along the west coast tonight to greet Turn to NEW YEARS Page ALLIED HEADQUARTERS In 31 thinning Japanese defense line near Buna New has been broken by Allied troops that have driven a wedge to the and the remain ing enemy strongholds are being pounded unceasingly by both jround and air General Mac Arthurs headquarters announced The enemy is being forced into an ever narrowing a com munique bur troops have driven their wedge to the sea am split the enemy defense On the an attack with tanks broadened and deepened the wedge capturing much includ ing threeinch naval anti aircraft guns and machine The communique called the ground action tireless local The Allied wedge head lodged on several hundred yards 6 between Buna Mission and Giropa thus effectively iso lating the Japanese garrisons those The Allied air force also ranged over the Japanese base a New in a dawn at tack yesterday to lay 500poun bombs directly on two vessels o from to tons each and to hit an ton transport in an attack at The communique said that in tense antiaircraft fire met the Al lied fliers but that all the plane Strafing of the Fuilaro airfiel and a collection of huts at Betano on Timor also was reported It was tha Australian commandos and Dutcl guerillas who have rejected Jap anese demands to surrender stil are at work throughout much of Portuguese blowing up burning camps and sniping at the them in the ratio of a hundred Japs to one com BULLETINS 31 American air forces battered away at Japanese ground installations and barges northwest of Guadalcanal island in the Solomons the navy reported In a communique the navy said that the air forces had made sev eral harrassing attacks on enemy installations in the Munda area of New Georgia island and later de stroyed five enemy a large caliber enemy and bombed and strafed float type planes in the Rekata Bay area of Santa Isabel approximately 150 nautical miles northwest of Henderson air field on rour Police Officers Among Them Planned Death Of High French Officials By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Dec Gi successor to the dead Admiral Darlan as high commissioner of French announced last night the arrest of 12 cluding four police con nection with an alleged plot to assassinate Robert Pres ident Roosevelts personal repre and various high French who declined to disclose the names of those inti mated he believed his own life also had been in Asserting that he ignored politi cal considerations in his swift ac General Giraud said he struck at those who were making trouble behind the front with only one Idea win the He acknowledged that some of those arrested helped the Amer cans to land in North Africa last but said he ordered the ar rest only of those who were acting The police officers he knew Darlan was going to be murdered and did not warn their Weve arrested peorie who helped us but we hive also ar rested those who helped the Ger the general said at a press conference called hurriedly after rumors of the arrests spread through It was reliably re ported that only two of those ar rested actively aided the Allied Answering a question concerning the assassination announced just six days after Admiral Darlan was shot to death by a 22yearold French national whose mother lives in Giraud said It was not a question of I have been wounded too many times But it affected including Had Friends Arrested He did not elaborate but said of my best friends were included among those Asked if the men held would be the general said Dont they I said I would rather prevent than pun You are giving a great deal of importance to something that isnt worth Giraud took advantage of the oc casion to call for unity of all including the Fighting French led by General Charles de To there is but one that is the Giraud I do not want anything that might help the Germans to be left un On the day when all Frenchmen whether they are those serv ing with General those who are prisoners of those in France or those in North day we will be shown I told Marshal Petain when I arrived in Vichy on April 29 that France had only one way out of the mess she was That was to join I say that same thing Giraud was referring to his ar rival in Vichy after he had escaped from a German The forceful officer escaped from the Germans both in the World War and the present Interior Cleaning What I did Giraud referring to the was merely a question of doing some in terior cleaning and it would only be exciting passions to give import ance to a matter which is entirely Therefore the names of the arrested are being When told that the political sit 31 Bri tish government today officially de plored Argentinas policy of main taining diplomatic relations with the 31 ney General Herbert Kushton held in a formal opinion today that State Senators Herman Dignan and Hale Brake were legally elected secretary of state and state and are entitled to be sworn into office at tomorrows inaugural pro Harry said he would follow Rushtons which backed up a pre vious oral opinion to the same ef fect and that Dignan and Brake would take their oaths same time that he goes into office as the new uation in North Africa had caused a storm of controversy and asked why Darlans slayer had been sub ject to a summary court which condemned him to quick Giraud replied Turn to GIRAUD Page 11 War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS report fresh suc cesses all along mile battle line from Rzhev to New southern drive from Grozny cap tures 13 towns fierce new German counterattacks crushed in middle Don AFRICA Hour of Tunisian showdown seen approaching as Germans move up armored forces below Tunis to prevent Franco American drive from cutting Tu nisianTripolitanian coastal French High Commisisoner Giraud reveals arrest of in cluding four in new assas sination NEW GUINEA Allies drive wedge to sea in thinning Jap de fense lines at Buna as airmen blast foes big base at New Brit scoring direct hits on bombs Jap base at Akyab no news from Wavells last report only 25 miles ;