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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 5, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Not Much Change in Temperature Weather Delmlli on Pan SU DECEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 Picket Line Established After Company Refuses to Fire Nonunion Worker OUTPUT CUT TWOTHIRDS What was called a labor holi day at the Kurd Lock Manu facturing Company yesterday by Machinists Local of the AFL developed into a full fledged wildcat strike over Although the plant was open and operating on a threeshift production was reduced about two thirds as several hundred em ployees refused to work on shell parts for the Most of the 400 employees on the day shift walked out yesterday because a nonunion woman against whom the union had brought charges of being uncooperative was re hired by the president of the said the unions charges didnt hold up after an Representatives of the Machin ists Local met with company of ficials yesterday The union officials demanded that the woman rehired by the company be discharged They also demanded that a maintenance of membership policy be adopted the Under this policy all new employees of the company would be required to join the The company declined to grant both Picket Line Established Pickets were stationed at the Michigan Avenue plant last A picket line of 12 or 14 members walked back and forth on the side walk in front of the entrance be ginning about At the change of shifts at 11 oclock last night the number had increased to 30 or Plant guards were on duty and saw to it that employees who wanted to work entered the Representatives of the sheriffs force and a Michigan State Police detective also were oi The picket line was estab lished again this morning for change of shifts at 7 oclock but was disbanded within an Members of the city police force have been keeping a close watch on the strike activities and will continue to do Commissioner Germond Hurd said last night that NLRB official Detroit had been notified of the strike as well as the Navy Department with which the company No further meetings or confer ences had been scheduled No Vote on Pickets According to Harry presi dent of the the picketing ac lion was not voted by the union as a whole but is being done by indi vidual members on their own ini He said that the pickets are doing nothing to hinder any one from entering or leaving the Most of the signs carried by the marchers read Unfair to organized Dillon also said that the local has put in a request at Wash ington for a National Labor Re lations Board representative to come here to arbitrate the differ The representative is ex peeled sometime he Louis Adrian com missioner of public received a telephone call today from Lieut Welch of the naval ordnance bureau in Commissioner Germond quoted the naval officer as saying that he has received re ports of naval inspectors stationed at the Kurd plant being elbowed and pushed around by picket when they entered or Icll the plant He asked that such interference be stopped immediately as the inspec tors are government representatives and carry government identifica tion A transcript of charges made against the one woman employee by the union showed that com plaints against her were of a petty The transcript of the charges was taken at a meeting of union representatives with com pany officials November One union worker said she is just bossing the girls around and trying to show her authority over Another said that if I made a little mistake or wasnt working as fast as she thought I she would say come come on and it made a strain on Still another union member said she carried tales to the girl at the end of the table that were alto gether wrongand we had an awful She thinks that because she doesnt belong to the union she can do anything she wants and get away with another worker Another worker said she didnt have anything real persona against I talk with her but I have seen cases where she has started arguments and caused trou The nonunion woman employee has worked for the Kurd company for almost three Company officials said that her work had been satisfactory and that no union complaints were made against her until the last two She took a week off in violation of union agreements in the shop and for doing so she was demoted to the bottom of the seniority list she was made supervisor at a table which a croup of 8 or 10 women SURVIVORS OF TORPEDOED TRANSPORTS RESCUED Kept afloat by life jackets and huddled on the Casablanca area of French are groups of survivors from three transports sunk picked up by warships and landing barges dying by enemy submarines during the American assault AP Telemat from Navy TO KURD EMPLOYEES An Editorial You thousand workers at the Hurd Lock look again at the first page of yesterdays It had two news stories that mean much to when read Both had large one at the right of the one at the The righthand story told how men of the American fight ing desperately in tropical dark sank eight Japanese An American cruiser was Probably hundreds of our boys fighting for our nation and for The lefthand story told how hundreds of Hurd workers stopped work on shells for the The Navy needs the shells so badly that the factory works 24 hours a But a controversy arose over the employment of a and as a result most of that great force is Our Navy boys are still But the Navy is not get ting the shell parts from It is not necessary to discuss the merits of the because no such controversy could possibly justify a strike and a shutdown of critical war The merits of it are nothing as com pared with the needsof ourfight ihg The crew of a warship does not leave the battle because of some minor controversy or They go on Hundreds of you Hurd workers have who stand to fight and of them perhaps fighting and dying at this very Some are in some in the Army it doesnt matter because those naval shells help tBe Army and save the lives of soldiers as well as Can you sit idle when those boys your your perhaps from your your handiwork to defend their lives and to defend you and your nation We confidently believe you can We believe your conscience and your patriotism will not let We hope you will be at work again We feel sure you FLOUR IDE IS AI na tions flour trade was at a virtual standstill today while millers and government officials endeavored to find a way out of a unique predica ment brought on by the ceiling on prices and a rising wheat The crisis was precipitated by Thursdays ruling by the Office of Price Administration extending without change the flour price ceilings which have been in effect since October Many mills complained that as a result of recent wheat price gains they were unable to buy grain at prices low enough to justify their doing business under the flour ceil They had expected the OPA to permita moderate advance to relieve this Since this was not the com plaints of mills from all parts of the country were renewed with The Millers National Fed eration reported many flour mak had withdrawn from the mar ket until thesituation is Some have riot sold a pound since before Army and Navy buyers werelreported com plaining that they were unable to place As a the OPAs actioh has thrown the whole problem into the laps of Commodity Credit Corpo ration pres rdent of the conferred with Secretary of Agriculture Wickard and other officials here yesterday but Hutson said the outright owner of about bushels of old wheat and holder of collat eral on almost bushels of 1942 wheat under government was not ready to Hut son said may be taken next week to relieve the The government officials were here for a regional AAA But Says Effort to Boost Out put Not Ended NEW 5 United States now is producing the engines of war in a volume equal to the combined combat arma ments production of the Axis pow ers the American people were in formed today by Donald Nel son War Production Board Speaking at the closing meeting of the National Association of Manufacturers last night Nelson reported also that the total out put of combat armaments pro duced by the united nations is twice that of their He made it clear that the striving for increased produc tion is not By the end of he America alone will produce almost as great a vol ume of combat armaments as all the rest of the world and its production will be nearly twice as large as that of the By total united nations pro duction will be nearly three to one ahead of Axis Nelson said Henry west coast ship building told the in dustrialists attending the associa tion meetings that preparation for our life after the war should begin at He said that industrialists must show the way to a decent standard of living for the count or sur render to the social politicians who have little to offer save an mate The first essential of the post war world Kaiser is a countrywide and worldwide op portunity to He also assert ed that the interests of organized labor in the enterprise system are identical with those of manage ment and Following his challenge for in dustry to lay the foundation for postwar Kaiser If any one of us cherishes in his heart the illusion that he can re capture any of the special priv ileges or the unwarranted advant ages of the post or that he can once again build a power known as a vested let him consider the formation of a war debt which may ultimately come to three hun dred billion dollars and which rep resents in its underlying and more tragic significance the cost of com petition untempered by the spirit of fair President Sends Message President in a mes sage read at the de clared that American industry and labor have achieved an enormous task in war production during the last The President that the full objectives of production had not been at tained and urged that there be no relaxation on the part of the manufacturers of the country as long as any hostile force confronts General George chief of told the industrialists that he was concerned by a feel ing in some quarters that we are building too large an we could not transport it to active theaters even if we had the belief that we do not know what we are doing or where we aYe Such an attitude he said some times was occasioned by a reluc tance to accept hardships but us ually it represented a fluence military strategy without knowledge of the factors more tragic mistake could be made the chief of staff de than to ignore the great mass of enemy divisions and expect lis to win this war on a shoestring or some specialized message of greeting from his army sent General Douglas MacArthur fromAustralia stress ing the unity jotpurpose between the men fighting front and the management and labor that produces the General Chiang KaiShek send a message stating that China pledges to you that the products of your toil will be used in preserv ing and extending freedom and democracy throughout the Turn to Page 6 Sober Christmas Eve is Ordered 5 slate liquor control commission has de creed a sober Christmas Eve cele bration this ordering all li censees to suspend the sale of in loxicanls by 10 oclock that and to remain closed until at least 7 Christmas Night drinking privately owned liquor those which sell and licensed are covered by the with a recommendation that they close by 6 the night be fore the hour at which stale stores will Commissioner Flynn said the order was based on a be lief it would be in keeping with the Christian of the holi and would afford employees of those establishments to join their families instead of helping olhers lo engage in LOWLY HERRING GOES TO WAR horn of plenty is overflow ing along the south shore of Lake thanks to the army and Bgcause army quartermasters marine corps menus and fishermen haul hundreds of tons at three cents a The market was lim much of the catch going to fur farms as feed for fox and The rest was smoked or salted and sold in the southern coal for about one and a half centsa With labor shortages threatening curtailment fur things looked dark on Uie south Then the army came to the res Hunting for a quality of food to out the dwindling meat sup the quartermaster corps thought of During the fall spawning it was Lake Superior herring is So the quartermasters decided tr buy herring for service The question of handling was it and freeze it serve it fresh to the fighting A 10 to 13inch herring could be fileted in such quantity raid Major Edward chir of fish procurement for the perishable section of the subsistence branch of the quartermaster Contracts were awarded to Mil waukee food processors who took over freezing units and set up plants in numerous south shore For plant they went into the The herring although only a few weeks long is good this The south largely depend ent on tourist is hailin the quartermasters idea as pointing the way to a new IN THE Foe Reported Dropping Sup plies to HardPressed Troops By Parachute SEA EFFORT TOO COSTLY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Expect ed Japanese desperation drives to bolster waning forces on Guadal canal presaged today further American naval battles which al ready have turned the waters of the Solomons into a growing grave yard of Japanese troops and The belief that enemy forces on the embattled island are running short of supplies and that they will try again to land reinforcements and armament for their beleaguered troops was expressed yesterday by Secretary of Navy The only safe theory he told a press is that they will return with ships and men as long as they he American forces which seized the prized airfield early in are expanding and taking in more ter By offical count at least 51 en emy ships lay at the bottom of waters around the Eigh ty the navy have been damaged and some probably sunk in the sea battles for control of the supply lanes to Twentyfive American vessels have been destroyed and several dam the Japanese appar ently found that similar efforts to reinforce their trapped troops in the BunaGona area of New Guinea to the west were costing too many Douglas MacArthurs Aus tralian headquarters reported to day Australian time that the Mikados aircraft has resorted to supply dropping by parachute in an effort to relieve his beleaguered Japs Pushed Back More than half way across New Guinea at one the Jap forces have been pushed back to the northern coast pocket where allied supported by are attempting to erase the remnants of the More than 400 Japanese dead in addition to 40 believed drowned in the sinking of two barges were countedas the spearhead fought its way to the coast near Gona and then turned toward Latest reports of the Guadal canal situation1 disclosed that since Sunday nights naval battle when the Japanese lost nine the fighting has been confined to min or patrol American troops killed 14 more Japanese Thursday and army planes executed five attacks in sup port of the ground Both Knox and Major General Ralph chief of marine said they believed the en emy was running out of food and ammunition but Mitchell who visit ed Guadalcanal in October added that the Japanese may be able to hold out in the interior of the is and for a long An objective of the American ex pansion on the bland Mitchell ex plained is to construct another air He declared that Guadal canal must be cleaned of Japanese entirely before enemy territory can be an invasion of in the Solomons TRAFFIC DECLINES 5 volume on state trunk line roads has gone into a nosedive since tho advent of gasoline the stale highway department in there is no indication when it will pull out of A survey taken Thursday dis closed vehicular traffic was per cent lighter than on the day before rationing and that by nightfall Thursday the drop was as great as 75 per John Orr Of Tecumseh Walks Five Miles On 87th Birthday Anniversary Orr of Tecumseh observed his S7th birthday anniversary yesterday by taking his usual long walk post poning a five mile hike long enough to answer a few questions put by The Telegram Orr Was once a Telegram re It was 40 years ago that he sent in thenews from Tecumseh for more than ten He was druggist for 65 years and since he retired has continued lo make a oinl mcnt and blod which h sells to regular and new customers all over Lenawee and the adjoining from village to or accepting rides from passing He also attends mail order business customers call at his The liking long walks was His falher also named John Om a brick mason and he and another Tecumseh man con structed the large brick house just east of the Girls Training Schoo near now owned by Arthur They the entire distance there and back every day while laying the Orr learned the drug busi ness from Moses grand father of presen Tecumseh and then con drug store for years in the 100 block of West Chi cago Boulevard later being em ployed by Pulvcr in about the same In the talk with him yesterday Orr paid high tribule to these men with whom he began and ended his druggist telling of their integrity and Tecumseh people who have known Orr for years allribule these same qualities to One needs only to discuss people with Orr to know the kind of person he as he has nothing but praise for every one Age has not soured him nor made him Orr is the oldest member of the Presbyterian church arid at tends the morning service every although he is quite deaf and unable to hear much of the For 60 years he has been a member of Masonic He is the oldest member of the com mandery in Adrian and of the blue lodge in He and his wife were the first persons to re ceive the initiatory rites in Tecum seh Order of the Eastern This was 54 years And he has also been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for 55 He attends these1 lodge more regular ly than many of the younger mem often walking to Deerfield or Adrian to attend Heavy Allied Bombers Smash At Naples Italians Admit Casualties Churchill Predicts Very Hard Fight Before Allies Take Bizerte Prime Minister Churchill predicted today that there would be very hard fighting before the Allies in Tunisia could cross the final 20 miles to drive the enemy from Tu nis and The prime minister spoke to throngs which turned out to see him on a week end inspection of this Yorkshire center of Brit ains woolen He told them the struggle was approaching its tensest but that no smooth road lies ahead and that the hard core of Nazi resist ance and villainy has not yet been broken in We have to gather up all our strength and by any un good tidings come to that will be a matter which we can rejoice but which we must not count he Churchill said he was confident of the ultimate outcome in North but wanted Britons not to be misguided about the difficulties confronting the Allies He told the cheering crowds ON ENEMY Road Used By Germans As Supply Route Cut By Reds NEW BROKEN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sweeping Russian gains tightening a pincers menacing the German armies be sieging Stalingrad were reported in dispatches from the front Red army forces which had driven southwest from the city were said to have crossed the Don and to be operating on the west bank of the river close to troops which had come down through the Don elbow toward Kalach from These if they meet would form a triangle with the curving Don as the base and railroads which run southwest and due west from Stalingrad as the It was claimed the troops coming from northward of Kalach had cut in between Vertiachy and severing a road over which Germans had been bringing in supplies to the forces before The Germans were mopped up in the northern corner of the Don el where the river curves back northeastward toward the dispatches and then the Russian columns moved south taking Bertiachy and Pesko After attacks were launched toward Sokarelka and Illarionov which He slightly northeast of in the corridor between the Don and Volga it was The1 Germans were reported try ing to form new defense lines along the upper reaches of the scanty corridor left Red the Soviet army news reported that southwest of Stalingrad a new German for tified within the last few had been broken by the Soviet On another spur of the drive southwest of Red army units were said to have cut out small groups of Axis troops as they pressed down the Tikhoretsk rail road near the city of Kotelnikov More Foes Killed The Soviet noon communique as serted that the Red army continued to deal punishing blows to German ranks during the nights both on the Stalingrad front and in the areas west of It recited that at least more Axis troops had been killed and spoke of many dead in other sec tors without giving A previous communique listed the capture of 11 towns in the Stal ingrad For the first lime in several the official Soviet report did not mention fighting at Velikie 90 miles from the Latvian where the previous com munique spoke of contests for strongly fortified But in the fighting on the east bank of the northwest of Stal ingrad the midday war bulletin reported that one unit dislodged the Hitlerites from 20 blockhouses and dugouts in fierce The enemy left about 400 dead on the SoUthwest of the communique about en emy officers and men were and 60 blockhouses and 40 dugouts demolished as the Red forces occu pied fortified Little new detail was given in the latest communique about the fight ing at where columns have all but encircled the city and have been hplding to points on a rail line to southeast of the There was fierce fighting for a highway point held by the Russians who claimed they left Ger man dead on that We have broken into North Af rica with our American Allies and now in a short advanced from the Atlantic coast almost to the center of the a distance of nearly 900 But there still are 20 miles to go and very hard fighting will take place before that small distance is overcome and the violent military power of the enemy there is beaten down and driven into the I do not doubt the but I cannot lead you to suppose it will be easily Away on the other side of North he our armies are having taken thou sands of prisoners and driving the enemy before here again hard fighting is to be He expressed a feeling of glad ness that we are engaging the en emy closely and not leaving an un due burden to be borne by the Rus who have carried this im mense struggle through the whole of this year and a large part of last Churchill told the crowds gath ered before him on the steps of the town hall that we count upon our strong right hard working hearts and our courage which has not yet been found want ing either in domestic or foreign stresses during the whole course of this WORK IS NEW 4 Delayed G4 Although the 10th United States Air Force is still in knee pants compared with American air units in other war it did a mansized job in Clayton Bissell de clared who commands the Unit ed States air forces in India and said his men had made 21 heavy raids on Japanese installa tions during the ten on targets in Burma and Thai land in which 150 tons of bombs During the same pefiod not one Japanese bomb fell on this side of the IndiaBurma Bissell de adding with a smile Apparently they were too busy in other The single foray which the Jap anese attempted was turned back 30 miles from the nearest Ameri can he We were able to hurt enemy shipping Bissell assert declaring that American fliers had sunk five Japanese ships of from to tons displace In addition two cargo ships and two naval auxiliaries were severely The China air task Bis sell destroyed 39 Japanese planes during November and prob ably destroyed or damaged 13 He disclosed that only two American pilots had been lost in China and that the India task force had lost but one heavy Only three American fighters were reported The Japanese made three attacks on American air bases in China during but damage was confined to bomb craters in run Bissell The first December group of Lenawee county selective service registrants will leave Adrian Mon day evening for the Detroit induc tion station where they will re ceive final physical examinations if will take their oaths of They are to meet in the Adrian armory on West Maumee Street at oclock Monday evening for roll call and final and will later assemble at the Wabash railroad The train for Detroit leaves at Monday the second half of the November 24 induction those who were held over in De troit for further physical examina will leave to begin active duty at Fort They are to meet at in the Short Way Lines bus station on West Church Their bus will leave at CLEARED OF CHARGE Court Judge Paul Alexander said today Charles charged with fatally shooting his tenyearold sister Thanksgiv ing Day in their shack has been cleared of the charge with the confession of his sister that she accidentally shot her sis Judge Alexander said the girl previously has testified to Coroner Frank Kreft that Charles had shot his sister in Nellie juvenile courl said Lois told her Charles shoved her as she took the gun from This angered her anc she kicked the gun accident ally discharging and killing Rita who was seated on a SPMIZ ARRIVES 10 Germans Savagely Defending Hold In Bizerte and Tunis Region 5 heavy operating in force and defying the powerful Axis air fleet based on dashed out from Mediterranean bases in broad daylight yesterday and bombed the principal south Italian supply port for Axis forces in North The Italian communique broad cast from Rome described the raid as a violent one executed by airmen who followed up our planes from There was heavy damage and numerous casualties among the civilian the Italian communique One hundred and fiftynine are reported dead and 358 One fourengined British plane was hit by antiaircraft fire and crashed in flames in the Italian civilian buildings also were reported damaged by Allied bombs dropped in the neighbor hood of The daring attack was an nounced in Cairo a few hours after it became known that Carl commanderinchief of Army air forces in the Euro pean war had arrived at Allied headquarters in North Africa to help cope with the Axis squadrons supporting German and Italian ground forces in bitter re sistance to the occupation of Tu The Naples raid was regarded as the first of the terrible blows which Prime Minister Churchill warned the Italian people would come with the completion of the Allied occupation of North Attack Successful The attack was directed at docks and other targets in Naples from which Axis convoys were believed to be sailing to strengthen the German and Italian forces in Tu Cairo nouncemenl said attack was and that none of the heavy possibly including United States Spaatz arrived as the Ger mans were savagely defending their foothold in the BizerteTunis re gion of Tunisia under cover of su perior air forces and all the weap on and equipment the Axis can ship across the Spaatz directed the highly successful operations of the Army air forces against objectives in Occupied France and will now serve as Eisenhowers air ad visor in the critical and gigantic air struggle developing over Tuni sia and the James who has been leading the Twelfth Army air force and the Welsh RAF operations here since the be ginning of the Allied will continue to direct the opera tional end of the battle while Spaatz sits in on the general strat egy Staff Already At Work Part of Spaatz staff is already here and at The most bitter ground fighting continued to swirl about the area between Tebourba and Mateur on the outer rjm of the BizerteTunis While the situation in the north apparently was one of bitter dead American troops under Edson parachute joined with French units in routing a Nazi armored column and cap turing a town in central See Page 9 War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS gain in central Tunisia but in north Axis scores in fierce battles about driving back British first army with surprise strength to recapture key towns of Tebourba and Allies push air fight as Spaatz arrives from London to take aerial pound Axis shipping and blast Naples hitting war W A R RE P O R in speech at says very hard fighting needed to oust Axis from North Africa and rocky road ahead as hard core of Nazi resistance and villainy has not yet been report 11 more towns Nazis killed in narrowing escape corridor at Stalingrad thousand more killed in further gains on Rzhev fur ther battles as Japs face task of resupplying harrassed forces on NEW to sup ply BunaGona holdouts by sea too Japs take to dropping sup plies by Allied airmen strafe foe as ground troops wade swamps to close ;