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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 13, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Warmer XWcatber on Fan Twol I Warrants May Be Issued in Two Cases Considered as Willful COUNTY REPORTS SUCCESS Only seven blackout violations were reported by air raid wardens In Adrian last night as the citj nod county participated in a three state blackout requested by the U Arniy and arranged by Sixth Area defense Lights wen out all over the city and county from 10 to In Adrians first blackout effort las Friday night wardens reported 12 Two of the seven violations las night were considered willful ani defense officials indicated tha might be issued for the arrest of the two violators today Warning letters were to be sen to the other five by Chief Air Rail Warden LaVon Kuney who be lieved that these offenses were The consensus among city am defense officials regarding the blackouts effectiveness was tha It was almost entirely successfu and that it was much better than last Signs Cause Trouble Officials tha the principal difficulty was with neon signs in the downtown dis trict Fridays principal violations were neon signs in the businesi district and for the first few min utes of last nights i seemed as if another similarly lighted sign would counteract the total blacking out of other nearbj stores and The how was extinguished about It is believed that the violation oc curred as the result of a time clock which had been improper set so as to delay the extinguish ing of the If we ever again have neon lights visible under blackout con we shall be forced to turn them all off Karl B defense Kuney and Hoch have suggested to Mayor Lundah that the blackout ordinance should provide for the extinguishing of al neon signs and outside store lights after dark every In the event of an actual it woulc be virtually impossible to get all store lights off Last nights procedure was much the same as that of War dens patrolled their po lice officers and volunteers control led traffic and firemen were sent to outside stations with three trucks where they were assisted by auxiliary Messengers were available at precinct posts and at the control center to perform er It was estimated that ap proximately 500 people were active officially in conducting the citys second test blackout Nearly all wardens were assisted by young messengers and it is felt that the latter will be more widely used in future A story demonstrating the alert ness of the air raid wardens was told by Kuney last night who drove through the city during the blackout period with city police Of ficer Lawrence Kuney estimated that the police car in which they were riding was stopped 15 times by He also said that wardens or their colored flashlights could be seen on every Baby Is Born As on Friday as many lights of the Emma Bixby hos pital as possible were blacked Last night an emer gency tested the effectiveness ol the blackout screens devised at the At a seven and a half pound baby girl was born to Wade Pifer of 623 James Street The attending physician was As a result of a fall down a flight of stairs in her home at 105 South Madison Street during the blackout Chris Farrah was tak en to Bixby hospital where she is being treated for a fractured left a dislocated shoulder and deep gash on her Turn to Page 6 LENAIE EXCEEDS Lenawee county exceeded its July war bond quota by about 000 Charles county chairman of the war bond sales reported The countys July quota was County banks and post offices reported bond sales of In addition was invested in bonds by employees of various industrial firms but the bonds werent purchased in the These purchases were made under payroll deduction plans by some companies whose Main business offices are located outside the Robert son contends that these purchases rightly should be credited to the The August quota for the coun ty has been fixed at by federal officials and efforts are being made to reach that Adrian regularly is exceeding its quota in bond Rob ertson but the sales in some of the rural areas are below ex Fire Breaks Out Near Navy Yard 13 sought today determine the origin of a persis tent fire which destroyed five units of a new federal dormitory projec and a private less than two miles from the Bremerton navy Four of the destroyed wen under The fifth anc only occupied dormitory affected housed 207 navy yard workmen No one was reported Six other occupied opened a yea were saved despite a brisl wind and a weak water A small blaze started in one o the unfinished units last bu was quickly put out Fifteen min utes later a second fire broke out got out of and spread to roofing said Fire Chief Ernes who asked the state fire mar shal to Ninety trailer many of them nearly were They were stored in the basement of th James Boe the residence tha They had been taken from trailers used as family living units on the project About 60 trailer tires were Farm Security Administration operators of the pro said the loss would be at leas The units were called duration being light ly constructed with the though that they would be razed after the A GENERAL SUCCESS Only War Plants Allowed to Remain Lighted 13 flVA vast stretch of the Middle West disap peared for half an hour last nigh in the greatest inland blackout of the It was a carefully executed test to see to what extent darkness would protect the industrial areas of Indiana anc as a test military and civilian defense officials pro nounced it generally Lights were first turned off in 41 southern Michigan counties from 9 to Central War In the rest of the area the alarms screamed at 10 with all clear signals sounded half an hour Thus darkness settled around persons living in the heart of the United In all the area of square only war plants were allowed to remain Regulations permitted essential navigation lights for water and air craft to and railroads to Although Army and civilian de fense men praised Detroits black out as generally Jay head of the Armys chemical warfare and gas office criticized the exemp tion given war As a it was impres he As the test was Mayor Edward Kelly said he considered the result in Chicago as very adding there was scarcely an unauthorized light Those who were with him in a tower observatory com mented that the exemption given to permit rail operations made the citys network of railroad with their twinkling signal a fine bombing target Traffic Halted All street and elevated traffic was halted and not a single vehicular accident was reported during the period of enforced Police complaints were of the minor and only one fire alarm was turned Milwaukee observers reported a successful test in the nine Wis consin counties bordering Lake although a broken switch made it impossible for a time to extinguish street lights along four thoroughfares in Wau a Milwaukee Throughout the area there were Jie usual scuffles with the cur who had been instructed to stay at home or seek a shelter a few arrests and a few neglected but officials said such Inci dents were not unexpected in the first blackout One per son was killed in a headon col lision of unlighted automobiles in southern Nearly civilian defense officials went to their posts for iie which included three ownships in the steel and gaso ine producing area of Many other observers went aloft n airplanes to determine the need for additional camouflage and make other Defense Policeman Dies in Accident During Blackout 13 ff Fully lalf of Michigans lower an area producing a wealth of arms for the war blacked out last night combin ed effort by inhabi First of Its the Michigan blackout from 10 to extended through the largest cit es and smallest towns from the outhern rim to a line between Oceana and Bay counties to the Deputy Sheriff Joseph Hoff a member of a civilian de ense police auxiliary in Monroe the flaming wreck age of an automobile after it had collided in the blackout with an other car five miles west of Mon to Page 6 PLANES WAR ON A LARGE SCALE Engage in 31 Operational Sorties During the Past 48 Hours WORK WITH THE RAF By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 13 States army fighting planes hav entered the European fray on i large scale for the first hav ing engaged in 31 operationa sorties during the past 43 hours United States European headquart ers announced The text of the announcement The following United Statei army air force operations occurree during the 48hour period from 9 11 to 9 13 United States army air force fighter flying in con junction with RAF fighter squad made three operationa flights over the coast of United States army air force fighter aircraft participated in 20 sea United States army air force fighter aircraft participated in eight interception sorties off th coast of These American formations thus won a friendly race with the S bomber command to be the firs complete ailAmerican units to participate in the air The first Fourth of July raid by American crews in six bombers over the occupied lands was scattered operation by an incom plete The 31 operations were carriet out in sweeps with units from the Bases Within Reach of France The American units had been established on fields within easy reach of France for several days awaiting only good The first operations took place only a few hours after Gen Carl chief of the S army air forces in the European had announced that his men were ready to strike Germany in the immediate The 20 sea referred to in the were regular threeplane patrols over the chan nel to intercept sneak raiders or reconnaissance planes of the There has been combat in the past few and t was unlikely that any Ameticsrs n these missions became Involved n air The fact that Americans partici was taken to mean that they have been fitted into Britains plan of air Leaders of the American forma tions have been in training with the seven of them taking part in their first sweeps July 26 when one failed to return from attacks on the areas of Omer and American leaders participating in these first sweeps declared them selves delighted with the British The Britishmade planes are completely serviced by Ameri can crews on Americanoperated WARSHIPS HIT 13 huge swooping out of a setting scored great damage on three Axis warships at Navar ino on the west coast of Greece making two direct hits on one setting a second afire and causing an explosion aboard a it was announced A terrific explosion also was caused aboard the cruiser on which the two direct hits were and black smoke was seen pouring from the second cruiser as a result of either a direct hit or a near There also was a terrific explo sion aboard a third cruiser after a bomb burst next to it The raid was delivered the ight of the setting sun on Tues TWO DRAFT LEAVE CITY The Lenawee count draft board n Adrian is directing the depart ures of two draft groups from the irmory here The first group eft at oclock this morning or Battle Creek where its mem lers will begin active military ser vice at Fort The second will leave at oclock this evening for Detroit where the men will be given final physical exam nations to determine their eligibil ty for army Men of the group leaving tonight are required to meet at the Adrian armory on West Maumee Street at oclock where roll call will be taken and the final instructions After the group will go o the Wabash station where they will take the train for Detroit A list of those men who are ac cepted in Detroit be available arly next These men will e given the usual 14day furlough n which to conclude affairs at As a regular feature of depart the Adrian high school alum ni under the leadership of aul will play at the sta AUGUST 1942 I Claim Attack On I British Convoy From Italian Broad Italian high command reported today that Axis planes and submarines attack ing a big British convoy in the western Mediterranean since Tues day had inflicted heavy losses on the to escorting above all to aircraft carriers which suffered many and to enemy air The still in showed results favorable to said the which re ported the British convoy was es corted by an imposing number of among which were num erous aircraft The British announced yester day the loss of the aircraft The high command said the bat tle had been in progress since dawn Tuesday when Axis planes and sub marines went into It added that the exact damage inflicted upon the British would be announced Hands Off Policy On India By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United States is following a hands off policy in the Indian and American military forces in India have been ordered to avoid even the appearance of participating in the internal strife touched off there by Mohandas Gandhis free dom now This was made clear in a 4point statement of policy incorporated in orders to the American forces in India and made public by the State Department last night American military sisting mainly of air have been stationed in India for some engaged principally in relaying war materials and planes to embattled China by or in aerial action against the Japanese in The 4point statement emphasiz ed that the sole purpose of these American forces in India is to carry on the war against the and that the primary aim of the United States in that area is to help It emphasized that the American forces are not to indulge even slightly in other unless India should be attacked by the Axis in which event American troops would aid In defending Ordered To Be Careful The Americans have been order ed to exercise scrupulous care tc avoid involvement in the internal and have been warned to resort to defensive measures only HardPressed Russians Bat tle Desperately to Halt Advancing Germans CAUCASUS PICTURE GRAVE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS mighty new German offensive agains Stalingrad appeared to be taking shape in the Don bend today a hardpressed Russian forces in thi Caucasus battled desperately t halt constantly reinforced Naz columns advancing toward three vital rich Grozny oil fields and the Black Sea ports of Novorossisk and Military advices reported the Germans were massing vast quan tities of men and equipment in the Don elbow and told of a sudden in tensification of fighting near Ko 95 miles southwest o Both armies were reportec throwing almost unprecedentet numbers of men into the fray in this sector and there were indica tions that the battle might develop into one of the mightiest yet seen on the whole Russian Thus far the Russians seemed to be holding their own on the ap proaches to but the pic ture in the where Hitler is reaching out for the oil to feec his fighting was Caucasian towns Bartered New concentrations of dive bombers were reported pacing the German raining tons of high explosives on Caucasian towns in raids carried out by waves of 40 to 60 The German radio indicated that the Nazi forces might be less than 170 from re porting that advance elements had reached the region of the Terek which flows into the Caspian northwest of in their thrust through Sixty miles northwest of Cher the information bureaus midday bulletin Russian forces were fighting fierce battles in the Maikop oil fields with enemy tanks and infantry thrusting toward Turn to Page 7 SAY ELISTA when the safety of Americans or the protection of American mili tary equipment is Turn to Page 7 in Some Reported Trapped Wreckage of Buildings 13 freedom from air assault was in terrupted today with a small burst of high explosives and fire bombs on the capital outskirts as the Germans reported the RAFs big bombers back over the Mainz for the second successive Some persons were reported trapped under the wreckage of buildings hit in the predawn raid on the Greater London the first since Nazi nuisance raiders unloaded a few bombs before day light on July The attack set off the air raid sirens for the third successive time during the sleeping hours of most The alarm lasted only briefly and it was believed at first that the Nazis had sent a lone a fast longrange fighter to turn thousands of firewatchers out of bed and wak en the citys On the preceding two nights the iiowl of the sirens had been the only indication of enemy aircraft in the vicinity but antiaircraft guns peppered the raiders ap proaching up the Thames last night Nazi planes also caused some damage and casualties at a southwest DNB said fires were rekindled in Mainz by the British raiders and mentioned damage in residental areas of the Rhineland railriver raffic hub and industrial center which was battered with tons of iiigh explosives and incendiaries the night i Raiders Downed Four of the raiders were shot the German broadcast Besides the small German at tack on the outskirts of a single raider dropped bombs at two points in southeast Scotland and a few aircraft were reported over the east Anglian coast At least three persons were In jured in a daylight foray on a south coast town by a lone Ger man Britons had perhaps a better pic ure of the havoc sown by the RAF on Mainz Tuesday night than of any raid British air forces yet mve the work of picked crews which circled over the city from start to finish of the Turn to Page 7 Claim Sweep Eastward Past Headwaters of Manych Tributary of Don BERLIN From German Broad casts 13 IP Motorized Nazi sweeping east past the headwaters of the Manych tributary of the have cap tured capital of the Soviet Kalmuck 230 miles east of the high command said The reported advance appar ently was made from the Salsk ProletArskaya 130 miles west of carrying the Ger man advance guard more than half way across the virtually bar ren northeast Caucasian steppe to ward the shores of the Caspian Elista is 175 miles southwest of which is at the mouth of the The high command said fighting was increasing in intensity In the Voronezh battlezone and in the Rzhev with the Russians on the attack at both Strong formations of the Ger man air force were said delivered hard blows to to have Russian and along the north Caucasian coast Three ships were said to have been sunk and several light ers and three transports set In an attempted attack by Soviet battleplanes on a German the war bulletin 28 enemy planes were shot down in aerial thus practically annihilating the attacking The high command said that al together 161 Russian planes were shot down August 11 and It gave this account of land op erations Turn to Page 7 BEFOREBLACKOUT An accident which occurred only 15 minutes before the blackout last night created an added at mosphere of excitement as an am bulance sped through the but the men involved were unhurt and hospital treatment was un The accident occurred one mile south of Adrian at the intersection of US223 and A car driven by Lester Case of driving had made a safety An automobile driven by Frank Bow en of 812 College also traveling smashed into the rear end of the Case Sheriffsofficers were called to take charge of the accident Neith er car could be driven away and they were removed after the Blackout by a Sheriff Scott said that Bowen would be jiven a summonstoday for failing to have his car under AUCTIONS Furniture auction at Jred a See Land Opposition Overcome In Tulagi Area Marines Battle To Expand Positions Says Jap Hold In Tulagi Area Believed To Have Been Broken NEW Japanese hold on the Tulagi area in the Solomons is believed to have been broken by American Marines who have been strongly reinforced Hayden Leonard of the Australian Broadcasting Commission reportec His analysis of the situation was heard here by Leonard was quoted as saying i was believed the Japanese havf been driven from many of their de fensive positions after fierce hand tohand Another Australian broadcast said hard and confused fighting is still in progress among the rubber plantations on the high plateau o Kokoda in New where thi Japanese attempted an overland drive upon Port Hard fighting in which many Japanese were killed and wounded was said to have taken place dur ing the past four Yorkshire Posts naval correspond ent said today the Japanese fleet 8 PER CENT SALES TAXJS Would Supplement Heavy Corporate and Individual Income Levies By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 8 per cent sales tax to supplement heavy corporate and individual in come levies for war purposes was proposed today by Cheever Cow spokesman for the National Association of The NAM program called for In revenue in a sharp increase over pending mea on top of which was suggest ed consideration of compulsory in dividual While urging a sales tax as had Chamber of the NAM said a holding tax on individual such as the chamber also was impractical and in recommendations pre pared for the Senate Finance Com called the revenue bill pend ing before it one of the most im portant single measures ever to ome before Congress and added A bad tax bill can lose the Through the NAM sur veyed businesses and indus trial units and estimated corpora tions would net about 000 this It proposed the treasury take in taxes and leave approximately for reserves and additional working He estimated that on the same basis corporations would pay in Such a he was far beyond the corporate pay ments anyone in government has so far estimated or asked To make up the total in the NAM would slash from nonwar ex collect by the sales in in dividual income taxes at rates low er than those now and ob tain from em customs and miscellane ous taxes not covered In its recom To support the plea for a sales Cowdin pointed but the peo le in 22 states and two of the argest cities comprising half the population already pay such Must Take Drastic Action About all the ingredients of a runaway inflation are with us Cowdin and we can no longer afford to hide our heads in the We must take drastic A ssiles tax will be one step in that and we urge con sideration of compulsory savings as an adHitional For Cowdin urged that normal taxes be deducted be fore the excess profits tax is com Last March the NAM recommend ed a combined normal and war surtax of 40 per cent and a 90 per cent excess profits Turn to Page 7 has lost control of Tulagi harbor in the Solomon The Japanese fleet has not got back there after the naval action and apparently is being kept clear of the island on which the landings were the correspondent The Allies have air superiority and are using it at sea as well as on the newspapers con spondent He gave no Indication of where he had received his American Airacobras Used as DiveBombers GENERAL MacARTHURS 13 the Papuan Peninsula oi New where quiet prevailed it was disclosed that Ameri can Airacobras were used as dive bombers for the first time in the southwest Pacific last Sunday dur ing a bigscale Allied raid on Jap anese positions at 60 miles across the Owen Stanley range from Alliedheld Port The swift fighters unloaded medium bombs on the enemy dur ing 60degree angle dives and then returned to strafe them in effec tively supporting Allied ground it was The bombing and strafing silenc ed machinegun nests and destroy ed a while Australian mountain forces under the direc tion of a local were cleverly outmaneuvering the Jap anese on the Operations against the Japan ese in the Kokoda area began Fri the same day that American challenged tKfffinvaders in the In the opening eigjit Japanesewere kill ed and 15 and one Aus tralian was On the Australians made thrusts with three groups of their skirmishers who drew out the Japanese and then stepped in behind cutting them off from reinforcements from Buna on the It was then that the Airacobras went into action and he Japanese were forced out of the At least 35 Japanese were killed and many were The Australians land attack be jan when one force was sent hrough the jungle to the rear to cut off the Japanese In a sharp clash this force fell upon a column moving up to rein force the forward Japanese and 20 or 25 of the enemy were The second Australian force hen attacked Kokoda from the After relieving an Austral ian patrol that had been trapped in the this force advanced from tree to tree through the rubber moving ahead only a few yards at a and aining but yards in six The men eventually reach ed the enemys defense positions and then retired on Meanwhile the third Australian force had also moved in behind to orm a double road and when the Japanese advanced out of Kokoda to attack the force in xont of them the Australians in their rear moved into the village without firing a OUT 4 SHIPS IT AXIS RAIDER RIO DE 13 which in formed sources said may include one or more were report id today to be engaged in a search for a surface Axis raider in the South but no word has een received here of contact with the enemy The search was said to be under vay after raidoed reports last Monday that at least two and per laps three allied merchantmen lad been attacked by an enemy raider at a position about miles east of Rib de Informed quarters said the cruis ers may have planes to aid them in the TO ASK INDICTMENT OF 7 PERSONS ACCUSED OF AIDING SABOTEURS 13 Irand juries in New Brook yn and Chicago will be asked by 3ie Justice Department to indict seven accused of aiding eight Nazis on charges of Of seven other originally seized in New York and Chicago as alleg ed accomplices of the Nazis who came by submarine to wreck Americas war crimi nal indictments will be sought against Attorney General Bid die announced last night The re maining he have been interned as dangerous The attorney general said he be lieved the evidence would justify indictment for the most extreme crime and one which car ries the death Biddle said bodies of the six ex ecuted Nazis saboteurs were in ucstody of Albert provost marshal for the mili tary district of Cox declined to discuss the Of the other two one re ceived a 30year prison sentence and the other was imprisoned for HOGS AT 13 WA few choice hogs sold at a hun dred pounds on the livestock mar ket 10 cents above the previous 1942 peak and at a record high for the past 22 Allied Airmen Concentrate on Important Japanese Base at Rabaul GENERAL MacARTHURS entrenched at three points in the Solomon United States Marines battled to expand their positions today with the immediate backing of Allied sea forces and longrange air as saults on Japanese communica tions and reinforcement A Washington Navy announce ment that operations had advanced to the point where the Leather necks were consolidating their holdings in the Tulagi in the southeastern indicated that initial land opposition had been overcome after six days of savage handtohand combat The Navys said the Marines landed as sched uled on three whose names it did not in the Tulagi It added that supporting were meeting with bitter suggesting that the Japanese had thrown powerful surface and air units into the de fense of their ground Flying striking yes terday at New the fifth raid there in five knocked out four enemy ships in the harbor of this base from which Japanese troops and supplies have moved to the Ships Left in Flames A ship and two med iumsized ones were left spouting flames and another large ship was seen sinking by the a head quarters communique said One of eight challenging fighters was shot down and from three to six others were hit and Not a single Allied bomber was went to work on shipping at Rabaul after concen trating their previous raids week on the drome there big Japanese air which undoubtedly had been sending air aid to the Reconnaissance before todays raid showed a spurt in shipping activity in and about which is some 700 miles northwest of a headquarters spokes man Some miles west of the Allied airmen attacked Japanese shipping and base instal lations in the Dutch TimorBanda Sea area with undetermined re The raid off Timor was be lieved to have been on the same convoy from which one ship has been sunk and two includ ing a have been dam aged in two previous The Navy communique1 on the Solomon action said there was substantial evidence that the Jap anese since invading the island in January had a base well under way in the Tulagi Turn to Page 7 Meetings of the shareholders of the Lenawee County Savings Bank and the National Bank of Adrian will be held August 20 at which shareholders will consider a plan to unite the two banks that has been under consideration for some Notices of the meet ing have been The Lenawee County sharehold ers will meet at 10 oclock in the August and the Na tional Bank shareholders will meet at 3 oclock in the afternoon BULLETINS War make 13 Legislation permitting the and Navy Departments to immediate payments to dependents of servicemen under the recently enacted allowance and allotment acts was passed by the House and sent to the Senate IS of told the Senate finance committee today that the pending revenue bill probably would end the ex istence of the Boeing Aircraft which manufactures flying fortresses and other military air craft Asserting that the Boeing Com of which he is would have to turn over per cent of its net profits in taxes IT the bill becomes Bowman said I am here to plead with you lot the life of this company because in our opinion this tax if passed in its present will probably end its 1 say this with all Neth erlands submarine torpedoed two Japanese supply vessels which must be considered total the Netherlands government in London announced ;