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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 8, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Showers OFeatber Detail on Two AUGUST 1942 PRICE 3 RUSSIAN CAUCASUS LINES ARE BROKEN We Can Lose OWI Warns Nazis Smash At Approaches Of The Maikop Oil Fields Situation Called Very Tense The Old Town Isnt The Same With Lights Warden Reports Materials Failing to Reach Fronts In Time and Volume Needed to Win By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS gloomy picture of Americas war effort to date was laid before the nation today in a warning by the Office of War Information that materials are failing to reach the fighting fronts in the time and the volume needed to Reviewing the military and pro duction OWI asserted last night that the output of fight ing most types of artillery and naval vessels fell be hind schedule in June and ex pressed doubt that all of us rea lize how hard we are going to have to work to To win a total war we must fight it OWI and we are not fighting it that A similar tone was expressed in Australia where War Correspon dent Norman Stockton of the Melbourne Herald asserted our allies have got to realize the grim fact that we are still fighting a losing war and that there is no possibility of an offensive from this country until real material aid is Stockton described General Douglas MacArthur as an offen siveminded leader who apparent ly could not take the offensive be cause of a lack of material Too Many Rosy Stories Australia has been told too many rosy stories about United States military he The American press has fed the Ameri can public similar Premier Mitch ell Hepburn of Ontario predicted in a speech at that we are going to have an attack on the Atlantic coast very and a twoocean attack in the near And in Warren Magnuson a member of the Naval Affairs said in an interview that the Jap anese already are at war with Russia and have sunk several Rus sian ships in the Pacific on ground they were carrying American ma OWI cautioned that we could lose this and declared that while some individual Americans had made great as a nation we are not yet more than ankle deep in the Too many it contin seem to feel that we are fighting this war out of a surplus surplus of resources and pro ductive of That is not We have plenty of some resources in others we are a havenot Turn to WAR Page 7 Sirens Lights Hush Falls At exactly an eerie hush crept over the city and cords were buttons were pushed and switches were thrown to the accompaniment of the drone of sirens and the hollow echoing of factory whistles pierc ing the night as civilians anxiously awaited the total darkness that marked Adrians first Their spinechilling sirens blaring fire engines rushed speed ily to their appointed posts send ing automobiles scuttling to the curb along the Police cars lurked in watchful waiting at their designated places stopping cars from entering the city and keeping pedestrians off the A grayness unlike a usual eve ning cast its spell over the busi ness district as early as 9 oclock as the majority of the business es tablishments extinguished their window display lights and neon signs at the closing Successful Cooperation was apparent in the succession of lights blinking out throughout the One man lying down to read his newspaper was awakened from a deep slumber some time later by the persistent pounding upon his front An air raid warden informed him that he must turn out his lights according to public Ad rians first blackout was a success typified by numerous comments to the effect of As a it was pretty good and It was very ef fective for the first blackout NAZI BOMBEK DOWNED S German bomber was shot down on the dis tant approaches to Moscow as Ad miral William Ambassador to the Soviet and Follett Bradley of the Army Air Corps conferred Red Star reported General Bradley arrived in Mos cow Wednesday to discuss Ameri can war aid for jthe Red By An Air Raid Warden The old town isnt the same when the lights go out for a black out It seems so quiet and al most like the stillness of Street lights and brightly illumi nated landmarks are House lights go out by twos and Within a period of two or three minutes a busy city to all in those darkened houses you know there are living whose only desire is full cooperation hi the city wide The thought runs through your mind that next time it might be the real that if the real thing does your territory looks pretty You shuffle stumbling now and then over sidewalk cracks and wiping the rain out of your with traffic at a complete you take to the street Its better A post warden from another pre cinct comes walking up the ATTACK Stage 2nd Raid On Canton Area In 3 Days 8 States army warplanes raided the Canton area again early this morn shot down two Japanese planes and destroyed several more on the Joseph StilwelTs headquarters announced Still another enemy aircraft was listed as probably shot down in though its destruction could not be The raid was the second on the Japanese air base at Canton in three Thursday American fliers were credited officially with destroying 10 grounded enemy planes in a surprise assault with out loss to Stilwells communique said ex tensive damagewas done to the white cloud airdrome as well as to docks and harbor buildings in this mornings in which the Am erican bombers operated with a fighter At least nine Japanese fighters rose to challenge the but only after they had dropped their cargoes of high explosives in the target the bulletin Capt Charles Sawyer was credit ed with shooting down one of the enemy fighters and Patrick Daniels new type Aerial Gunner a rear gunner in one of our hit and probably destroyed a third Japanese the communique The exploits of the American army who have been nick named the Sky Dragons by the brought a glowing tribute from the Ta Kung Pao They are sowing the seeds ol hope in the people in occupied the paper They pro vide a stimulus for Chinese sol diers at the front and heighten the morale of our people behind the firing The American government and people can well recognize the fact that the army air forces in China represent the maximum gain for the smallest His territory is satisfactory andhe just wants to check up on He is sent back home with a polite re minder to keep track of his own Other wardens pass you as you make the Theyre all on the There isnt a light in sight another warden re it must have been like this 50 years ago when we didnt have electric A cigarette carried in my cupped lighted before the sirens attracted the attention of a post He threatened to toss me in the A little far ther on a voice from a darkened porch called out that he could see that That was Out it Put It Out Down on a normally busy corner someone struck a match to light a The flicker of the match magnified by the seemed as brilliant as a giant Half a dozen voices shouted Put it Reports from another precinct said that one sitting in front of a beer struck matches just to see what would Mayor Lundahl heard about that one while waiting in the control he theres one fellow that should have been brought We could have shown him what would It was all deadly There was no monkey business or tom police and fire men all had a job to do and they were all there to do Best of Adrian residents were of the same A few mistakes were made but some certainly were to be expected in the first Now all that remains is to iron oul those few difficulties next Wed nesday night when all of southern Michigan will be blacked After we better be After that it may be the real Public MayFdce Shortage of Meat Wont be Serious EAST UP meat shortage currently may be facing the but any predic tion of a serious emergency is loose according to Brown of the Michigan State College animal husbandry depart The United States has a record supply of hogs and Brown but contraseasonal demands resulting from needs of the armed forces and the lend lease program have caught farm ers Most farmers are up to their necks in crop production right he it will take several more months before they turn full attention to livestock marketing and then supplies should meet Therell be another shortage next but like the presenl it will be seasonal and no need for Brown said a record movement of slaughter hogs will come after an estimated production of 105 million pigs this The na tions previous top pig crop was he pointed out Gandhi Carries His Independence Plea To The American People By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gandhai appealed to America today to act while there is yet time to bring about recognition of Indian independence and permit Indians to use their liberty in favor of the allied Gandhi made his appeal in a letter to American friends be fore the allIndia Congress con vened for a session which may give the Indian leader the go ahead sign to launch a campaign of civil disobedience designed to end Brit ish dominion over The which will be pub lished in Gandhis newspaper to was delivered exclusively to American correspondents today Although Gandhi had said earlier that he would give Britain time to make further proposals before launching the little hope of such intercession was held after yesterdays Gandhi appealed to Americans to accept as sincere his statement that the request for Britain to withdraw from power and grant freedom to India was done with the purpose ofvitalizing Indian de I would not have asked my country to invite Great Britain to withdraw her rule over he had I not seen at once that for the sake of Great Britain and the allied cause it was necessary forBritain boldly to perform the duty of freeing India Without this essential act ol tardy Britain could not justify her position before work which is not bu1 which is The nationalist leader said that Malaya and Burma taught me that disaster must no1 be repeated in 1st Class War Measure I want you to look upon the immediate recognition of Indias independence as a war measure of first class he conclud Gandhis appeal came after the British government already hac taken steps to assure the flow of essential commodities to Indias millions in the event of a genera closing of stores by Gandhis fol lowers in a nonviolent The Congress approval of the resolu tion authorizing the disobedience campaign by the Congress was re garded as Gandhi said a repetition of the disasters of Malaya and Singapore could not be averted in less Britain trusts the people Indiato use their liberty in favor of the allied By that supreme act of jus he Britain would have taken all cause for the seeth ing discontent I submil that it is worth all battleships and airships that your wonder working engineers and financial produce FIRSTCITY BLACKOUT IS CALLED SUCCESS BY DEFENSE OFFICIAL Only 12 Violations Reported By Air Raid Wardens In 15 Minute Period Today1 s Map Todays map on page seven shows the southwest Pacific area where the Japanese are reported resuming offensive operations as the monsoon season tapers WHERE NAZIS BATTLE FOR CAUCASUS NEXT TEST IS WEDNESDAY Adrians initial blackout last night was extremely according to Karl city de fense Above he it demonstrated that blacking out a city the size of Ad rian is not an easy job to The necessity of total blackout under actual war conditions was evidenced by two neon signs in the downtown business district which had accidentally been left on and which served to illuminate the sections where they were lo cated as well as to cast a reflec tion for a considerable Police officers said they were visi ble from the outskirts of the They headed the list of 12 viola tions during the 15minute alert period last Lastminute preparations took final shape shortly before the warning signals sounded at For Commissioner Germond held a meeting of ap proximately 30 auxiliary police men at 9 Stations on the outskirts of the city were named and two men were assigned to each Each man was equipped with a the light of which had been dimmed by a heavy paper At the men left for their their duties there consisting of stopping traffic coming into the city and holding cars there until the allclear signal was Shortly before 10 three of the six trucks at the Adrian fire station left for their posts at the three auxiliary They were driven by the regular driv ers who then command commander Avas assisted by the trucks driver from the offshift and by approximate ly 25 auxiliary firemen at each of these three outside The three substations were located at the corners of West Maumee and Greenly Center and Erie Streets and East Maumee and Dean Three trucks re mained at the regular fire station on East Church Shortly before the warning sig nals telephone calls were made from the control center to such activity centers as the two factories from which the whistles were to blow and to the 12 pre cinct The latter were not expecting the calls but within nine minutes each of the 12 men were reached at their Turn to Page 6 URGE BOOST IN LOWER BRACKET INCOME TAXES 8 Steep increases in lower bracket income taxes were proposed to the Senate Finance Committee today by the National League of Women In a statement filed with the committee by Miss Marguerite Wells of the organization urged that the full amount of Treasury recommenda tions for in new taxes be raised by boosting rates in the Houseapproved revenue bill now calculated to add to federal to a sales Miss Wells wrote the commit tee that the bill ought to impose heavier levies in the lowest income She suggested this might be done primarily by lowering the exemp tions for particularly the allowance for dependents approved by the The House cut the exemption for single per sons from the present to and reduced that of cou ples from to The Treasury has recommended that the Senate committee raise the exemption for single persons to retain the figure for married but cut the de duction for dependents to Miss Wells proposed that rates of 30 per cent or more be imposed in the lowest brackets of individual income compared with the 19 per cent combined rate for normal and surtax levies voted by the House to apply on single persons making more than a week and married persons paid than BULLETINS BERLIN From German Broad 8 German high command reported today in special and regular communiques that Nazi submarines had sunk15 Allied an American destroyer and an escort in attacks on North Atlantic convoys and in the midAtlantic oil the coasts of America and West There was no confirmation of tuU jceport from ROSTOV ASTRAKHAN KRASNODAR I NOVOROSSISK RUSSIA 50 1OO 150 A German threat of a pincer thrust twopronged arrow about Stalingrad was eased somewhat by successful Russian counterattacks in the Kletskaya area but on the lower at the Nazis had cut the Stalingrad Tikhoretsk Below a German thrust arrow forced back Red lines near Belaya Glina although to the westward in the Kushchevka sector circle Cossacks repulsed the The dropping chutists behind the lines all along the claimed Yeisk Timashevskaya and Arma vir B and Kursavka TO FIND MED Those Receiving Occupational Will Be Called In Lenawee county men who have filled out occupational question naires in connection with their draft registration now have a sec ond step in bringing their special skills and talents to best use in the national war Starting next the United States Employment Office will send cards to all men who received the occupational The cards will inform the addressee that he is to report at the United States Employment Office for further questioning regarding his occupa tional The office is located at 118 West Church The purpose of sending out the call in cards is to obtain men with special skills for positions where they are most needed in war According to the em ployment the mailing of cards will begin with ap proximately 50 cards being sent to selected registrants Monday and more than cards will be sent out to men in Lenawee Men who will receive the first questionnaires will be those who possess a critical but who now are not working in essential They will be inter viewed with the view of placing them in jobs where shortages of skilled labor When this group is the cards will be sent to those already in war but who are not using their highest critical In case there are no openings locally for men with such they will be informed of openings in other The call in cards are worded In urgent calculated to im press the addressee with the im portance of presenting himself at the employment In cases of it was said that the names will be put in a file and held for further possibly by the War Manpower According to Clifford manager of the employment the office will be open next Thurs day night from 5 to 7 in order to accommodate men who are working and who could not appear at any other In the the call in cards willbe sent out every Monday and ENGLAND BOMBED 8 IP German air raiders dropped bombs during the night at scattered points in eastern England and the eastern midlands but the attacks apparent ly were on a small and first reports indicated casualties were of the night raiders Loneliest Soldier Now is Receiving 150 Letters a Day Pvt Harley Dewey who term ed himself the loneliest soldier in Camp is no longer In fact he has the whole camp astonished at his sudden popularity and is he enjoying the attention being poured in on him at the rate of about 150 letters a On July 2S a story appeared in The Telegram about 53 years old and a former Adrian He explained that his wife died in that he had four sons in the service and one daugh a member of the Army Nursing Another Lin an army died on the Bataan He was a former army man and after the death of his wife and the enlistment of his children in the armed forces he thought hed do his bit too and joined the But he was He received no letters while all his buddies at Camp Pickett got oodles of He wrote The Telegram explain ing his That was July A woman in Adrian township took pity on him and immediately wrote Yes terday she received an apprecia tive answer written August Pvt Dewey apologized for not answer ing sooner but stated that he had been slightly swamped with Up to that date he had received 865 letters The Telegram certainly does get Gladys 45 years of Ann Amy of Chelsea and Robert of Monroe are pa tients in the Tecumseh hospital as the result of an automobile colli sion which happened about 7 oclock last evening at Billingtons with whom Wheeler was was driv ing south on the county road and Dansard was going east on The cars collided in the cen ter of the Pienderjast suffered cuts about the head and Wheeler has a broken rib and probably a broken Dansard suffered cuts about the head and a possible fracture of the Clinton state police who investi gated the accident gave Pien derjast a summons for failing to yield the right of Edmond 17 years of Ottawa Lake was brought to the Bixby hospital about 11 oclock last night suffering with head in He was driving west on US223 and his car struck a ON SABOTEURS FATE 8 Enforced silence from thedistrict jail in which holds eight alleged Nazi saboteurs led to the belief this morning that some definite action might be Correspondents in the jail were asked to make no telephone calls outside after 8 oclock this morn calls from the out side continued to be put through to the No word has come from the White House since yesterday when President Roosevelt told a press conference he had not yet finished his review of the findings reported to him by the sevenman military commission which tried the Roosevelt had disclosed Tuesday expected to spend at least two or three days review ing the evidence and findings of the military trial He is the sole reviewing authority who will pass on the commissions Throughout the rumors have been circulated that the if found might executed before formal announcement of their TO START S With the War Production Boards blessing the Navys skepti west coast shipbuilder who never constructed a plane in his life was off today to start building a fleet of 500 huge 70ton flying Expressing confidence that the first of the big planes would be completed 10 months after produc tion drawings are Henry J Kaiser left Washington last night with a record of selling in nine days his idea for building big air craft in his While WPB Chief Donald M Nelson gave Kaiser the go ahead for construction first of 100 cargo planes of the Mars a WPB official who asked to remain anony declared the Navy had been reacting all afternoon to the situa The he was skepti cal that the program could be ac complished by Kaiser since he is a shipbuilder and has not been build ing But a source close to tht matter was determined to sign a if the Navy His wartime powers au thorize him to direct that contracts be placed by other governmen Nelson told however that Kaiser demonstrate be fore he starts construction that his not clash with com bat plane production by draining M TIDE ndications Are That Germans Have Crossed Kuban River On Wide Front By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 8 col umns are smashing at the ap proaches of the Maikop oil irst major goal of their Caucasus from both the north east after a major breakthrough led army defenses and the situa tion is very frontline dis patches said The army Red said Soviet defenders had made a leoric but unsuccessful attempt to stem the Nazi tide in the loop of Jie Kuban river above in lie Armavir area and east ol Krasnodar is 45 miles northeast of Maikop at a point where the curves northward and Armavir is 60 miles at bottom of the rivers This indicated the Nazis had swept across the Kuban on a wide although todays midday soviet communique said only that lighting during the night was a bove Armavir and south of Kush which lies farther Red Star itself emphasized the gravity of the situation faced by ihe Russian forces as German troops pounded closer to the der rickdotted Maikop fields which produce seven per cent of Russias oil The communique said of the overnight action Our troops fought the enemy in the area of Kletskaya 75 miles southwest of Stalingrad and Armavir and south of Nazis Menace Stalingrad With the fighting spreading to the north of the Germans thus were matching their Caucasus gain with a push that brought them closer to but the extent of their progress toward the big Volga steel center was not Swarms of German tanks and automatic rifle men were reported stabbing into Red army ranks in the Armavir area while Nazi planes divebombed and strafed the hardput Soviet defenders fighting gallantly under great The Germans moved upon Arma vir after one breakthrough below Belaya some 75 miles to the and another below Kush Spurred by the the Nazis threw still more tanks and bombers into the action as they hammered their way southward to ward the Turn to Page 7 Women to Fill War Jobs In Detroit Area 8 women will fill jobs war plants in the Detroit That is the estimate of John new Michigan director the Employment who said additional defense workers would be needed in 506 plants which last June had employees engaged in war produc Craigs disclosure was made as his agency and the War Production Board prepared for voluntary reg istration beginning Monday of 000 women in the Detroit area which includes Wayne Macomb and Washtenaw Questionnaire cards will record the availability and willingness of registrants to engage in full or parttime factory work and qualifi cations for specific It is the first registration of its kind ever attempted in a war production Of the needed Craig said all but would be supplied by local labor To meet the anticipated labor short he said he is counting on available unem high school and col lege transferred from nonessential to be drawn from nonmanufacturing commuter and Thousands of women are already at work in arms factories in the Detroit 2 AXIS SHIPS SUNK 8 airmen sank two Axis ships and damaged others off the occupied Egyptian port of Sidi a joint gen eral headquarters and RAF com munique reported On the land front the commun ique reported artillery activity in the northern and central sectors and increased aerial operations over the entire battle ;