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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - April 1, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM her Warmer Detail on Face Two 1942 PRICE 3 2 PRISONERS BREAK JAIL 1 CAPTURED LATER AT TECUHSEH 5 Men Have Escaped from Lenawee Jail Since Last October more prisoners broke out of the Lenawee county jail before daylight this morning after bur rowing through the stone and brick wall from the downstairs cell block but one of them who is awaiting a five to 15 year prison sentence was caught at 10 oclock near Te The two were Ezra 23 years and John both of Bertram was caught at the home of Laura Hill just east of the Tecumseh airport where he and Harsh went after their Harsh had left and is still at The escape was discovered by sheriffs officers about 8 oclock this morning when other prisoners in the cell block casually announced that there were two breakfasts served this morning for which there were no Officers hurriedly checked through the cell block and found Bertram and Harsh They also discovered that a halfinch thick steel door leading from the inner cell block to the outside cor ridor had been pried In the outside brick wall was a hole just big enough for a man to crawl Door Bent Out of Shape The steel door itself had been bent out of The lock still held but the lower half of the door had been pried open enough to stick heavy pianks from a oench between the door and the This sprung the lower half of the door open lar enough to enable the men 10 squeeze through the open ing and reach the outer corridor of the cell The corridor runs ail the way around the inner cell Heavy steel bars from a bed were used to pry out one of the big stone slabs under an outside The slabs line the interior of the jail The weigh ing over 50J had been tipped over on the lloor to give the men room to work on the bricks 01 the outside section ot the A pipe from a shower bath connection and a strip of iron from under the window casing were used as There were five other prisoners in the downstairs cell block and this morning they said they hadnt heard any commotion during the One of the prisoners said he was a bit deaf in one The officers at the jail said they heard Deputy John Lowe was the night man last night The es cape evidently took place after 2 oclock this since that the time when Sheriff Roscoe Scott made his final check of the prisoners and found nothing Reward is Offered Today Sheriff Scott offered a reward to anyone offering the in formation that will lead to the ar rest of either of the two If the reward is the sheriff said he would turn the money over to the Red Turn to Page 6 In the light of this mornings jail break the observations of jail inspector of the Stale Department of made after an inspection of the Lenawee jail in 1938 have added Bogle classed the Lenawee jail as obsolete along with about threefourths of the other jails hi He said that It was far out of date and insecure for the safekeeping of hardened crim The jail was built in 1875 1876 but from time to time the 66 yearold building has been remod eled and Bogles findings that the jails steel work was not tool proof have been proven only too When asked in what way the Lenawee jail was obsolete he In gen the equipment is the natural light is the plumbing is old and needs to be replaced and the steel work is not tool He added that the jail probably would serve its purpose unless the county in unfortunate Tre Ore Services Planned in Churches of City Mayor Harry Lundahl issued a proclamation today requesting hat Adrian residents lay aside their work for three hours Friday afternoon to join the Christian world in the commemoration of Christs sufferings on the cross He urged that business houses je closed on Good Friday between the hours of 12 and 3 oclock to allow all who desire to attend spec ial services in the Many merchants and other bus iness houses intend to close during Jiose hours and have placed signs In the front of their stores notify ing the customers of the The observance of Holy Week in Calendar Of Jail Escapes Five prisoners have escaped from the Lenawee county jail since last at least one attempted jail break was foiled in 1939 and a second floor cell block partially was wrecked when prisoners plugged drains and turned on the water in The chronological order follows April 30 years and Ezra pried open a steel door in the inner downstairs cell removed a 500pound stone slab from under a window casing and then chiseled OHt bricks from the outside wall to Harsh had pleaded guilty to larceny of a car and forgery and Bertram had been sentenced to Southern Michigan Prison for 5 to 15 years for breaking and en They used parts of a pipe from a shower bath and planks from a jail bench to March 21 years sentenced to serve from five to 15 years in Southern Michigan Prison at Jackson for breaking and entering in connec tion with a series of farm asked officers for permission to use the jail When re leased from his second floor cell block he dashed down the leaped over the through the jafl kitchen and wehl out the back Jacobs was captured about 12 hours Turn to Page 6 Lenawee Jail Called Obsolete By State Inspector in 1938 enough to have to incarcerate some of the countrys hardboiled and hardened You nev er can tell when you are going to get a Dillinger in he said Recent events have revealed that it doesnt take a Dillinger to es cape from the Lenawee Bogle It would be fine if the county would get a new cell block or an entire new jail if pos To try to improve on this jail would be too The need of modernizing jails sometimes is hard to impress on the state inspector stat The job is in educating the different boards of supervisors The supervisors tell you that the old jails will serve their purpose and dont necessarily need the modern conveniences because peo ple shouldnt have to go there any They forget that about 50 per cent of the people confined in the jails are innocent of crime anc deserve to have a fitting place in which to Bombs Rained on Enemy Concentrations on Islands Above Australia TO special services In the two Catholic churches in Adrian and the eve ning services under the Council of hurches at the First Baptist Maundy or Holy will be given recog nition in Christ Episcopal Church with Holy Communion at conducted by the the James In Marys Catholic the Cotter will officiate at the Mass at 8 and in the evening will have services from to Turn to Page 6 State Policemen Called to Boys Vocational School April 1 po lice were summoned to the Boys Vocational School here today after two attempted escapes by 11 in mates were thwarted and boys in two cottages at the school became a school said the boys were under lock and but milling about I wouldnt say it was a riot Searl said new guards were sta tioned at both cottages and that because they were rather excit the boys got out of The two new he succeeded guards who resigned Sunday for other Six inmates attempted to escape last night and all were returned by Lansing Searl while all but one of five who made a break this morning also were returned within a short It was the first incident at the school since Garrett state director of became temporary head pending appoint ment of a new superintendent to succeed Robert who resigned a month 7 Locations Are Selected as Distribution Points Free to be used in exting uishing fire has been made available to residents of Adrian through the efforts of the Civilian Defense officials and the Magnes ium The sandwill be deposited at seven different locations in the city and everyone is invited and urged to get at least one bush el for his own The sand should be stored in the attic to be readily available in case of an em The points at which the sand will be deposited are as follows in the alley off Pearl at the rear of the building at andMerrick Streets at the north west corner of Logan and Center Streets on the east side of Cros well between Maple Avenue and Front Street behind the coun y jail in the driveway leading off Winter Street at the parking lot at the north end of Broad Street and on the west side of Greenly south of the voting Signs will be erected at each of the sand dumps for the conven ience of the The sand is exceptionally well adapted to this use as it comes from the Magnesium foundry and contains chemical residue which will aid in extinguishing fiercely burning fires such as are caused 3y thermite Magnesium Fabricators has made the sand available and is hauling it to the designated points without air raid has urged all air raid wardens to notify the people in their neigh borhoods to cooperate in the sand distribution plan as soon as poss 18 PLANES KNOCKED OUT By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS April 1 States and Austral ian attacking virtually non stop at Japans invasion fringe in the islands above struck again today at New A communique said that the air drome was the raiders target and that hits were scored on the run This continuation of the aerial offensive by Australias defenders came after two days of blows in Prime Minister John Curtin three enemy planes were 10 probably destroyed and flying boats machinegunned at Dutch were dam total of 18 aircraft put out of All these attacks were made without loss to the United Nations air There was growing optimism among Australian observers that the Japanese now can be held off in New Guinea although they were cautious not to overemphasize the enemys recent withdrawal from the inundated Markham Val they the withdrawal means that Japans lold now is confined to the narrow coastal strip where her position may be made The vi tal in these informants is that the Japanese now cannot disperse their planes Which was seen as a prime goal of r the march into the The arrival of the wet which lasts three was ac cepted as the chief cause for the but it was believed also that heavy air blows struck at the invaders shipping and planes were another Army Minister Fran cis Forde said General Douglas supreme commander of he United Nations forces in the southwest had called on him and expressed complete ap proval of the reorganization of the Australian Made Defense Suggestions TForde said General MacArthur madecertain re garding the army and Australian defenses which were receiving im mediate He quoted the LJnited States general as saying he lad been impressed with the lead ing Australian officers he had met and was certain he and General Sir Thomas commander oJ ground troops in would work together like twin Curtins communique indicated that the greatest destruction in the twoday raiding was inflicted at where the Japanese have a base 500 miles northwest of Dar Turn to Page 9 ATTACKS CHILD April 1 Frances 23yearold wife of Frank Caledonia township was being held in the Shiawassee county jail today awaiting transfer to the Michigan State Hospital at of ficers she had fatally injured her nineweeksold baby by attack ing it with a hammer while it lay in its Sheriff Ray Gellatly said that as he got the story from both the mother and the mother had been acting queerly for ten This morning after the husband went to the barn to do the mother attacked the first with her then with a The reason given by the young mother for act was that didnt want my children to grow up to be Air Raid Progressing Wardens Compile Information Air raid defense is getting down to the grass roots in some pre cincts in Because bomber squadrons dont telegraph their punches they immediate knowledge of all problems is necessary to pro tect lives and If a fire bomb raid should sud denly 200 separate fires in the it would be left large ly to the people of the neighbor hood to put them out and prevent loss of And even work of the speediest kind would be necessary if the smnll fires were to be controlled and extinguished before they merged into one all consuming What are some of the facts sir raid wardens must have at the tip of their tongues to go into immed iate effective action Aged Come First Perhaps most important is to know the location of persons who will have to be helped to safety children under five years of aged and infirm the the blind and the Even before persons who might be wounded begin calling for these persons would have to be as sisted to if the air raid work ers could rush immediately to the homes of these without waiting for word from the pre cinct valuable time would be and the prime objective of the would have been At the same the facilities at hand must be used to fight the It would therefore be helpful to know what attics held pails of what attics had been cleared so that quick action might be what homes Jiad lengths of garden hose to connect with their own water and where ladders were available for quick Turn to Page 7 Solicitation in Drive Already Is Under Way With the annual drive of the Ad rian Community Fund less than two weeks away the organizers be hind the scenes are carefully pre paring for the big push toward the goal set for Claude campaign saic A few of the division heads have started early solicitation so during the week of April 13 to 18 workers can concentrate on general solicita Tobias is soliciting firms with executive offices out of the city and Leon Pierce is in charge of special gifts Let ters were sent out this week to al clubs and organizations by Mrs Park Nims is lining up his teams for thorough coverage of the industrial workers of the Other committee chairmen tha have been announced commer Herbert Knowles and J Daley George Little Adrian Rush Girls Training Herbert Knowles Miss Ruth Gmeiner sent pff Park Each of the five organizations that receives funds from the Com munity Drive appoints a team com posed of a four captains anc 20 workers to do general solicita tion The majors that have been appointed are Boy Scouts Milton Nicolai Camp Fire Girls Allan Graybiel Ramus Davis Associated Char ities George Little Salvation to be The quota set for this years drive is less than the amount sought last Although Adrian workers strived for a goa of in the sum actually pledged was In 1941 Adrian its com munity fund donations per capita from 69c in 1940 to Por ter he that still does not compare favor ably with many other Michigan cities with organized community Other figures he cited Ann per capita EXPECTED TO REJECT Reported to Oppose Plan to Have Britain Direct War time Defenses QUICK DECISION EXPECTED BULLETIN NEW April 1 Sikh AllParties com one of Indias minority issued the first flat re jection today of Britains offer of postwar dominion status for 11 MILLION READY FOR BIG PUSH IN RUSSIA By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW April Indias leaders were expected to turn thumbs down today on Britains allornothing offer of dominion status after the primarily be of the requirement that In dian wartime defenses be left hi British The decision of the AllIndia Con gress Party probably will be issued today and the opinion was widely held that the ardently na tionalist movement would spurn the British The answer of the Congress Partys working it was was being drafted by Mohandas Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal both former Congress for final con sideration by the committee to Discussions yesterday again re volved chiefly around the issue of control of defenses for this great subcontinent and its Inhabitants already under the menace of Japanese forces in Burma and on islands in the Bay of This part of the British plan has met such opposition failing a substantial it was believed it might prove a stumbling block for the whole Turn to Page 9 JAPS TilM 1ST OIL FIELDS British Patrols Are Forced to Withdraw NEW April 1 anese troops in force are holding ten miles south of Prome on the road to the West fight with British and Indian bat the British announced to The communique declared that the enemy had complete control of the air and said British patrols along the Irrawaddy had been forced to withdraw to protect their right flank against Japanese British and Indian which had been trapped south of Shwe daung by Japanese control of a section of the road to Prome were declared to have battled their way back to the main British positions under intense attack from the The attack to clear the roac blocked at Shwedaung planned to relieve this did not the war repart as the force to the consist ing of units of West Cameronians and Duke of Wellingtons assisted by two In dian frontier force battalions from the opened the road late on March 30 after hard fighting un der intense enemy air action throughout the The enemy suffered heavy loss es during these and our casualties were The situation on March 31 is that our troops are now back in their original defended The enemy is holding Shwe daung in force while other col umns are operating to the east astride the railway north of still having complete control of the Our river patrols have fought extremely successful actions and have now withdrawn pro tecting our right flank from infil Yesterday the enemy bombed a landing ground in Central Bur ma and another in Northern Bur Damage was By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS April army men of veterans of a 150 day were reported counterattacking in a Cri mean preliminary to vast spring engagements which London observ ers expect to involve about 000 Germans Rus there were Axis ac counts of new Russian thrusts against Donets basin in dustrial Bucharest advices relayed by the Vichy radio said Russian armored following artillery prepa rations lasting until Monday mid had launched an offensive at the German defenses of Kharkov from three east and The German radio asserted today all these thrusts collapsed and that mopping up operations yielded several hundred Tass declared the Germans had sacrificed including units reserved for their muchadvertised spring in vain efforts to capture Soviet Black lea naval and that action to break their ring was under Qualified informants in London said Hitler was moving 100 fresh INI TOOTH PASTE Must Turn in Old Tube to Get New One April 1 cle Sam has laid down his own sendinaboxtop rules for saving precious tin from now to buy a tube of tooth paste or shaving you must turn in an old The War Production Board fig ures there are innumerable lumps of tin and tin alloys in the form of empty collapsible tubes on the shelves of American bath and kitchens as The issued late completely eliminates the use of such tubes for foods such as fish pastes and cosmetics and moist toi let are to be held responsi ble for enforcing the tube trade ins by purchasers of shaving cream and tooth The tradein tubes do not have to be exactly the same The merchants will hold the old tubes until further orders from the director of Industry is was the used tubes will be reprocessed and reallocated to With the rich tin mines of the Straits Settlements now in the hands of the the once common metal has assumed new importance in the nations war WPB officials estimated that the new order would reduce the tube industrys consumption from tons a year to 578 The restrictions on tubes were announced shortly after the issu ance of other emergency orders de signed to save essential materials and speed the conversion of factor ies t owar Toymakers were instructed to quit making electric trains after July and to quit using scarce plastics and The use of steel and zinc in a long list of household gadgets was Production of vacuum cleaners must be halted after April Argentina Is Cut Off From Aid April 1 JFj The United States has shut Ar gentina off from the special eco military and naval aid granted LatinAmerican until such time as she takes her place in the hemisphere front against the The an authoritative source disclosed was in line with a new policy of giving preferential treatment to can Republics which have gone to war or severed relations with the The nine nations that have de clared war the nine nations that have cut relations have exposed themselves tpAxis the au thority he they must have all the economic and military and ma teriel the United States can safely provide Because of the sit nothing remains for the other Page April 1 War Department reported today that the Japanese in a heavy attack on the right center of Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwrights line in captured some of the advanced positions but were halted in fierce handtohand com bat before they reached the mam AmericanFilipino A number of minor air raids on Corregidor occurred a communiquS and antiaircraft artillery shot down two heavy Jap anese A formal apology was received from the Japanese imperial high command in the Philippines for the recent bombing of a base hospital In A Japanese army spokes man said hi a radio broadcast that the bombing was Late Bulletins NEW April 1 ish and Indian detachments cut off from Promo by a Japanese wedge across the road at Shwedanng have battled their way back to the main British line in a twoday fight which left the forward forces badly a communique declared the war report the still weremassed in strength at the road 10 miles south of and astride the RangoonProme rail line north of April 1 planes destroyed an estimated six Japanese planes on the ground and damaged six others in an attack on on the is land of it was announced of ficially MERITS OF Wilson of General Motors Calls It a Publicity Bid and Political Trick divisions into Russia to bolster about ISO struggling in snow and mud to hold key salients against Russian pressure generated throughout the Renewed German efforts to take over all the Crimea and crack Russian defense lines before the oilrich Caucasus on the 400mile southern mainland front between Orel and Taganrog were forecast Listening post advices suggested to one responsible foreign source that the Germans were preparing for a series of southern drive to clear the railroads and bases they need if they are ever to shake hands with the Japanese in Persia Iran or the Indian Using Fresh Divisions Hitler has been forced to use prematurely 40 of the 140 divisions le had Been resting and condition ing in the Warsaw4area especially for the spring he The exhaustion of the Finns and their subjection to so many sedi tious influences were declared to have forced Germany to take over all Karelian Isthmus operations against Russion were pictured as horrible and unique in history in a dispatch broadcast from Baron Von Frank furter Zeitung as serted that now and then in the winter campaign German troops had to blow up heaps of bodies lying in a field to free the field for our arms He estimated that the preceding summer campaign had cost Russia from to killed and Stockholm dispatches reported German troop trains had moved eastward in the last three Turn to Page 9 REUTHER RAPS INDUSTRY By DAVID WILK1E April 1 ment and labor in the automobile industry are far apart on the mer its of the Reuther plan to speed aircraft production during the war They made this plain yesterday in a joint press conference in which Charles president of General and Walter labor leader and author of the expounded their views for some 200 including about 80 or 90 news and magazine The conference was conducted with George director of radios Town Hall of the Air pro as Wilson termed the proposal a publicity and po litical He heard Reuther charge the auto industry with be ing too interested in maintaining peacetime production as long as to give adequate leader ship to the war Reuther hung on to get the last automobile off the the Reuther brought out in as a guns and autter Wilson asserted it was a plan to produce something our military authorities did not require and still do not even in this TO PACT COLLAPSE FALL April 1 IP attempted desperately today to prevent the complete col lapse of an agreement under which 15 of 18 textile mills resumed op erations this week after a seven day walkout affecting some There is no point in talking fur Jacob attorney for the American Federation of Textile a 50yearold independ ent said last He de clined to disclose what the nations next action would His statement came after the Na tional Labor Relations Board an nounced cancellation of a hearing requested by the union for a re view of an NLRB ruling rejecting the unions petition to organize the mills on a craft The board said it cancelled the hearing because the AFTO failed to live up to an agreement that all hands return to work pending the Minkin contended last night that the AFTO men in three plants of the Berkshire Fine Spinning Com pany were staying out because the company had not lived up to its part of the agreement The attorneys statement said the Union had agreed to return to work only transferred knot tier who left the AFTO to join the Textile Workers Union of America to some job other than knot Berkshire through an at but the left Simonin in his knot tying Minkin if Berkshires plant Rudolph a Pacific War Council Created By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS April seven men organized as the Pacific War Council rested today the gi gantic task of working out the strategy of United Nations for vic tory over Their efforts were expected to produce the first complete unity of war planning since Japan crack ed the ring of allied defenses in the southwestern Pacific by over whelming Singapore and the Dutch East President who an nounced formation of the council called the other members to meet with him at the White House today intheir initial ses sion and while official was lacking as to the first work to be undertaken Roosevelt himsell has described it as imperative that the United Nations in the western Pacific consider together for the wars successful Summoned to the meeting were Viscount the British am bassador Herbert Australian minister of external af fairs Walter New Zealand minister to the United States Chinese foreign minister Alexander minister from The and Hume Canadian legation counse representing in the of minister Leighton McCarthy ttTunT war build It was a plan to automobiles per with the excess capacity in the to build one type of fighter plane at the rate of 500 per Wilson criticized the plan further as failing to exactly what type of product was to be but emphasized the fact that it con templated a single type of Sees Plane Standardization This brought from Reuther the assertion that before the war is there is going to be much more standardization in aircraft than there is because only by reducing the number of types and getting into standardization can we get into mass Reuther also charged that the skilled man hours wasted in build ing a 1942 model car was the most criminal thing ever done against our program because it represented the greatest waste of skilled man production and man hours that has ever taken place in America at a when we needed every single skilled man hour we could get He accused the industry also of bringing out a Christmas tree filled with filled with trimmings that used up more critical materials than were neces The Reuther Wilson assert contained no ideas that would be The 1942 models were brought he lacking large defense orders at the the industry would have had to lay off huge numbers of The industry did ha in that it would subordinate any tooling program on new models to the ne cessities of the defense The trouble was that the orders for defense material did not come out fast enough for us to get at the The discussion brought Wilson and Reuther into quick disagree ment as to whether the plan real ly contemplated ultimate full con version of the industry to war Turn to 2 Greatest Movement of People in Nations History Under Way LOS April 1 Five hundred Japanese climbed aboard a special train today for the governments new internment center at The greatest mass movement in the nations history was officially under By the time the evacu ation is sixweeks or so the government estimates that Pacific coast Japanese will be located in inland there to pick up the threads of their interrupted bombs fell on peaceful Without the seemed Several said that reports from where ad vance contingents Japanese tradesmen went last month to pre pare the have described the pleasant conditions Evidences of wealth were seen hi todays Luggage for the most part was Six mem bers of the Hori which owned a large department were first aboard the Mike son of the stores and his bride were turning the trip into a Rouged girls of high school and college age mingled with patient some of them bent under bundles of Brother of the Cath olic Maryknoll school said good bye to members of his Boy Scout and told them the troops would be reorganized under his leadership at ;