The Kadoka Press (Newspaper) - March 4, 1910, Kadoka, South DakotaVOLUME II KADOKA, SOUTH DAKOTA. FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 1910
THE KADOKA PRESS.
L. E. Goldsmith, (.'ash. Fort Pierre Bank R, A. Bielski, ('ash. First State Bank of Philip
Martin Johnson. Pres. Bank of Kadoka L. A. Pifcr. Cashier. Belvidere State Bank
Home Land & Abstract Co.
M. L. Pahcklis cretary and Bonded Abstracter
Respectfully Solicits Your Business. Fort Pierre, S. D.
The City Meat Market.
Has just received a large shipment of SaLT FISH
which we are are offering to the trade.
Herring, Salmon, White Fish & Brick Cod Fish
We also receive weekly shipments of FRESH
FISH. Give Us a Call.
J. P. Eddy, Proprietor.
Frank Coye J. H. Dithmer
Coye—Dithmer Land Co..
DEEDED LAND and LOCATIONS
Farms and Stock Ranches in the Famous
Kadoka, - South Dakota
List Your Land With Me
If you want to sell your land quick come in
and list it with me at once. I have a num-
ber of buyers and need more land at once.
The B. L. McNally Land Co.
Just Received a large stock of
Mens, Ladies, Childrens Shoes
Latest Styles Prices Right
Look and be Convinced
The Clothing Store
R. W. Gross.
READY FOR BUSINESS WITH
NEW SPRING GOODS
FOR Early sewing we show Wash Dress Goods:Choice Ginghams, Percales, Waistings, Fou-
DOMESTICS: This is the leading store forMuslins, Sheetings, Tubings, Curtain Goods.
NEW GOODS ARE COMING IN DAILY
THE Ladies Favorite Store for Corsets, Hois-
ery, Muslin Underwear, Laces, Embroider-
ies, Knit Goods, and Notions of all Kinds.
:J. H. FRYBERGER.
The Tree to Plant and Its Care.
Extracts from a paner read by H. M Nickerson,
of Nora Springs, befor the lowa Horticultural
This paper is not intended for the
instruction of experienced orchardists
but the suggestions found here that
may be correct and beneficial to the
cause of horticulture are intended for
the inexperienced and
For the purposes of this article trees
willbe divided into three classes for
windbreak, for beauty and shade, and
for the orchard or fruit.
Be sure to locate your windbreak
far enough from your buildings so that
when fully grown it will not interfere
with them, or our necessary yards.
Your windbreak should be on the west
and north, and your shade trees eaat
and south. Lay out your ground plow
deep and harrow until it is as mellow
as a garden, so that it can be cultivat-
ed easily on the west side row north
and south, on the north row east and
west. The white willow is a very
hardy, fast growing tree and willgrow
thick in the row, making a windbreak
very fast and cheap. I would plant
the two outside rows 8 feet apart with
the willow. The best way is to pre-
pare cuttings six or eight inches long
and stick them one foot apart in the
row very early in the spring. White
pine, red cedar, and Norway and
white spruce are strong, hardy trees.
The two next rows 1 would plant with
white pine and Norway spruce, alter-
nating in the row, the two inside rows
to white spruce, and red cedar. The
rows of evergreens should be at least
sixteen feet apart and the trees eight
to ten feet apart in the row. Plant
none but nursery grown trees from
fifteen to twenty-four inches high.
When the trees are received from the
nursery, handle them with eare, keep
them wet, don’t expose to the sun or
wind, plant with care about the depth
grown in the nursery. Raise com or
other cultivated crop between rows
(not close enough to shade the trees),
cultivate your trees and your crop
thoroughly and in a few years you
willhave not only something that
mitigates the severity of the storms
in winter but that is a thing of beauty
All our varities of cherries are a
practical failure in this climte, and
I think it better for the farmer to
leave experimenting with new varie-
ties to the expert, hoping that some
of the importations or the prod, c ion
of seedlings will in the near future
produce a tree that will stand the
changes of our cimate, and be as
hardy as the Oldenberg, apple, so that
we can once more enjoy this health-
full, pleasant and delicious fruit.
It is my deliberate judgment that
with the continued thought and care
given to the other crops, the apple
and plum can be successfully grown,
and when the trees become to bear-
ing age they willbe far more profit-
able than the crops we usually raise
on our farms.
The flrut thing to be considered in j
planting orchard trees is the site, and
this, if a few acres for family use,
must necessarily be within a reason-
able distance of the buildings. It is
nearly universally agreed by experi-
enced horticulturists that high rolling
laud, northeast, and east slope of
same (with good strong soil) makes
the most desirable location. This, I
thii\fc, is correct, but an orchard is
needed on every farm and few are so
fortunate as to have at hand near
their dwellings just such a desirable
location. This is simply given as a
guide for the best. In fixing our site
iwe should come as near such condi-
-1 tions as our surroundings willadmit.
Fence your ground with strong wire
fence, plow deep and thoroughly pul-
verize the soil; and make your rows
straight, running them north and
¦ south, thirty-five feet apart. Set your
I trees about twelve feet apart in the
Straight rows are pleasing to the
j eye and an advantage in cultivation.
This distance, thirty-fiye feet between
rows is, I think, desirable, because
it leayes space sufficient between
them for a free circulation of air, one
of the main things sought after in an
elevated site. When you purchase be
sure to order No. 1 trees. This is
important. The small planter has no
I use for poor trees. Don’t buy of the
itinerant tree peddler, of whose an-
tecedents you know nothing, and
4hoee employer (if he has one) may
be engaged in swindling the commun-
ity with high priced novelties unsuit-
ed to this climate. Such persons are
abroad in the land and they are one
of the great hinderances tocuccessful
orcharding in the north. Most of the
selling from nurseries as now man-
aged, is done l»y traveling aoleeman.
rt’iep buy of them be sure that
they represent a reliable nursery.
As a rule it is best to buy of your
nearest home nursery.
Here the question arises, “what is a
first-class apple tree when delivered
to the planter?” A first-class tree
should be one that is taken from the
ground in a careful manner with plen-
ty of root to correspond with the size
of the top.'*lt should be sound, free
from bruises, and should not have
been exposed to the sun or drying
winds. The top should be in size pro-
portioned to its height and age, the
stem tapering from the ground to the
top, the limbs coming out in regular
order at least three inches apart, to
avoid forks and splitting. I prefer
trees three or four years old. Avoid
large trees, they make extra work,
and are liable not to give satisfaction.
When the ground is wet and soggy is
a very poor time to set trees. There
is plenty of moisture in the soil in
the spring, and don’t be afraid of dry
weather. This last remark does not
apply to evergreens. Your trees should
be set just about the time the buds
begin to swell. If received before, heel
them in and let them wait. This is
done by digging a trench twelve or
eighteen inches wide and about a foot
deep. Take your trees one at a time
and stand them up in the trench, lean-
ing to the south and wetting the roots
thoroughly. Work loose earth among
the roots and fill the trench rounding I
full with earth. It is best to have an
assistant in setting trees; one to dig
the hole and hold the tree in position,
and the other to boss the job and fill
the earth about the roots. Dig the :
holes plenty large to receive the roots
and deep enough so that the tree I
when set will be four to six inches I
deeper than in the nursry, leaving a
little loose earth in the center of the
hole, making the bottom somewhat
the shape of an inverted tea saucer. :
Wash from the roots any dry earth
that may adhere from any cause,
leaving the roots thoroughly wet.
Put your trees in the hole with the
heaviest limbs to the south, lean three
or four inches to the south, spread
the roots to a natural position, fill in
moist, loose earth with your hands, j
at the same time about the roots till,
they are well covered; then stamp,
using your spade and feet. Finish
filling with good clean earth, (not
sods or trash), tramp the earth until
within two inches of the top, fill that
with fine rich soil and leave it loose.
Don’t use any water except to wash '
the roots. I give this direction with I
great confidence, having set out some
three hundred and fiftyorchard trees
within the last eight years, and but 1
three of them failed to grow, and'
they were marked disabled when set. .
In allour handling of trees, digging, j
removing, setting and care afterwards,
it) is well to bear in mind this fact, i
well known blit often ignored, that a
tree is a thing of lifethat has its youth,
middle age and old age, and that it
dies. That an injury given is a shocic
to its vitality according to the sever-
ity of the injury, about the same as
in animal life, but unlike the animal
it cannot run away. This rightly in
terpreted, means be careful how you
handle and care for your trees at all
times. Do not bruise with plow, har-
row or whiffletree, do not let your
horses, cattle or sheep gnaw or break
them. If you eut a limb, know just
the reason why, or keep your knife
j in your pocket.
The after care of an orchard you
will learn by experience. Perhaps
the borer may trouble you, some of
your trees will blight, others persist
in growing to the northwest. We all!
have such troubles, but they do not'
ail come at once and are slight; con-
sult those having experience, they .
will help yon. I would advise the
continued raising of cultivated crops
in your orchard, such as eom, pota-
toes, pumpkins, etc. I plant mine in
sweetcorn. Tried mulching my old-
est trees t>ut it was not satisfactory.
Clean cultivation has several advant-
ages among them are, your trees will
grow faster and there is less danger
of insect enemies.
For varieties, consult those having
experience in your locality.
Rev. D. 8. Brown, Paator.
Preaching service every Sunday at
10:30 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Prayer
meeting Thursday evenings at 7:30.
Sunday School at 11:30.
Rev. H. M. Pinckney, Pastor.
Regular preaching every Sunday at
10:30a.m. and 7:30 p.m. at the Wood-
man Hall, Sunday School at 11:30.
The highest cash price paid for
cream..- Johnson & Moore Co.
Fort Pierre Hospital
Under the Management of Drs. Lavery & Walsh
Medical. Munrical and Confinement case*.
in private room*, per week. |lv.UO to
according to room.
Ward patientH per week. tR.OO.
Surgical chmm will be charged $2.00 to
16 .00 extra for opcratiiur room.
Above rates inclade Board, Room and Nursinf
Special Nurses can ba secured at all times ae reasonable rates
Confinement eaee* will be cliarced 15.00
I>er week for board and room before
confinement. laumiry extra.
Medicines and dressings furnished at
Matron and Sant, of Narrtae
RaaUeat MISS DAISY M. SNIDER,
CHARLES J. LAVERY M.D. »»d J. MARK WALSH, M.D. GRADUATE NURSE.
CONTAGIOUS DISEASES NOT AMITTED.
Kadoka Machine Shops
We Make a Specialty of
Plow Work, Horse Shoeing, Carriage and
Wagon Work, General Blacksmithing
Special attention paid to Gasoline Engine Work and
Steam Fitting and Pump W’ork.
OurJMotto la: “The Highest Class of Workmanship and the
Right Price to All.” Give Us a Call.
F. L. EDWARDS, Prop’r.
i What Is
? Milwaukee Lana Co. ? & st. Paul
' ¦ ----= Railway
It is an auxiliary of the railway assist- Atttua * ”•
ing in its development by platting- UWII3 .
J J townsites along new extensions of it» . JJ’
, > lines. It willsell you choice sites for aH<l ~.
•- business or residence in thriving towns ' •
in iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, operates
MICHIGAN, NORTH DAKOTA, SOU- ?
•• TH DAKOTA, MINNESOTA, MON- WVOr
I! TANA, IDAHO or WASHINGTON. o CWVt nrw o?
It’s Local Agent at Kadoka, South Dakota Ik
O. E. STUART. jof Railroad £
- C. A. PADLEY, Gen. Land Agent.
o MILWAUKEE - - - WISCONSIN. S
M <<<<<<<<<<<<<<4<<« »
Martin Johnson, President 0. E. Stuart, Cashier
D. H. Henry, Vice President E. E. Dykeman, Aaa’t Cashier
5 BANK OF KADOKA
Pay Your Taxes Here K *
Collections made on liberal terms. Surety ’
Bonds furnished on short notice. We
X sell Domestic,and Foreign Exchange, g 1
We insure City and Farm Property
X against loss by Fire Lightning and [*•¦X Tornado.
YOUR BUSINESS SOLICITED
. . .
Officially Designated' St'.
-Depository for Stanley County Funds
HARD and SOFT COAL
Also a Complete Line of
Windows, Doors, Paper
Roofing, etc., always on
PRICES RIGHT; SATISFACTION GUARANTEED
JAS. A SMITH