The Kadoka Press in Kadoka, South-Dakota
29 Jul 1910

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The Kadoka Press in Kadoka, South-Dakota
29 Jul 1910

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The Kadoka Press (Newspaper) - July 29, 1910, Kadoka, South DakotaTHE KADOKA PRESS. VOLUME 111 KADOKA, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1910 NUMBER 13 OUR STATE’S OPPORTUNITY. South Dakota never faced a more inviting opportunity for convincing and profitable advertising than is af- forded by the State Fair next Sep- tember. While Nature smiles on every lo- cality, when every body is prosper- ous and opportunity is knocking at every door, all that the most favor- ed section can offer to the possible immigrant or investor is a fuller measure of prosperity or a wide mar- gin of profit on his investment. He is doing well—you ask him to let go where he is established and cast his lot in with you in hope of doing bet- ter. That is all you can offer, but the sound old maxim, “Let well enough alone,” rings in his ear as he listens to you and the conservatism inherent in every man bids him hesi- tate to change. But when he is not doing well; when his bank account is dwindling. When the balance in on the wrong side of the ledger, when his granary is empty after thj harvest time is past and his hay mow only half filled when short feed forces immature stock onto the market and the crop is taken to pay the rent, he is not only ready, but eager, to listen to a promise of something better. That is the condition today in South Dakota’s advertising field, as it stretches away from her eastern bord- er to the Atlantic coast. Very re- cently the writer of these lines made ft trip through Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northern Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Ken- tucky and Virginia, paying especial attention to the crop conditions along the route. Except in a very small section—three or four counties in Western Wisconsin—he did not see a single field of corn or small grain that compared favorable with the average crop anywhere in the settled portions of South Dakota. Nowhere Was the corn crop so well advanced or of so good color, and in the grain field the straw was shorter, the stand poor, the heads small and the grain dying for lack of rain instead of rip- ening naturally as it is doing here. In propitious seasons the en- tire United States is a magnificent grain field. There is, apparently, but little choice. But the adverse season, the late spring, the early fall or the year of scant rainfall is the crucial test which brings out the latent pos- sibilities and comparative advantages of the more favored localities. We dwellers in this favored land have known full well of its magnifi- cent resources for years, but the bal- | ance of the country does not know ' and only one half believes the en-1 trancing story. You may hammer: statistics into a man for years; you may tell him all about South Dako- ta’s gorgeous wheat fields, her miles of w’aving corn, her oats and barley and rye, her potatoes and pumpkins and cabbages; you may describe ac- j curately and in glowing colors her j magnificent studs of Percherons and Clydesdales, her splendid herds of Shorthorns, Herefordsand Galloways, her Shropshires, her Poland Chinas and Plymouth Rocks; you may prove to him by cold figures that the South Dakotan creates more annual wealth per capita than any other man, houses, feeds, clothes and educates his family | better than any other man sirnplv be- cause he is able to do it—and that he is able only because he tills a richer soil under more genial skies than the other fellow does; you may show to him that a share in all these good things are at bis command for less than balf the price per acre of the stony hillside in his boyhood home; and he may believe you, in a dull, uncomprehending fashion, but you have not impressed him. How do I know? Why simply because 95 per cent of them linger on the stony hill side and they would not do it if they comprehended and believed the story. But—talk to his eves! Consider every man a Missourian and “show him.” Show the grain, the hay, the vegetables, the sheep, hogs, horses and poultry that South Dakota can produce in a year of universal drought that SHE HAS PRODUCED THIS YEAR when not one of her most fa- vored sister states can show halt a crop. Pile up at our State Fair such an aggregation of Wonderful farm produce as the state can get together with only the most trifling effort; tell him what you have and invite him to come and see it. Get him here at any cost. Organise cheap excursions from all the nearby states. Let him see what the state has done this year and you have convinced him NOT ONLY THAT WE HAVE A GOOD STATE, BUT THE BEST STATE. A state that can not only produce Wealth in abundance when prosper- ity is universal, but can product 1 splendid paying crops in a year whei failure is universal, is a state whicl has only to place the proof befort his eyes to become the Mecca o every intending immigrant. ; Of all years, past or to come, South Dakota should this year make a show ing of what she has produced. Twenty connties have already made application for space for county ex- hibits. They are: Butte, Brookings, Brown, Clay, Clark, Corson, Faulk, Davison. Hyde, Hughes, Kingsbury, Hand, Minnehaha, McCook, Miner, Perkins, Pennington, Sanborn, Spink and Turner. This is the largest ap- plication for space for county exhib- its ever made, and the counties ap- plying are well distributed over the state and are representative of its richest agricultural, grazing and mil - ing sections. The superintendents of these twenty county exhibits are doing injustice to their own counties if they are not already pushing to the very limit the arrangements for full and splendid exhibits. We are advis- ed that some of them, at least, are doing so and those who are not can- not afford to let tneir counties suffer by comparison. Such a showing of products as South Dakota can make this year will be ad- vertised gratuitously all over the west. The leading news, stock aud agricultural press have asked for press tickets and willsend staff correspond- ents to write up this Fair. The big dailies of Chicago, New York, Indian- apolis, Milwaukee and the TwinCities will be represented by a staff of men, as will also such great papers as The Breeder’s Gazette, Wall Street Jour- nal, lowa Homestead, Farm & Home and Orange Judd Farmer, of Chicago, and the Twentieth Century Farmer, of Omaha, Nebraska and many othert. Sowing Winter Wheat. It is not yet possible to lay before the readers of The Dakota Farmer the results from trials in growing winter Wheat in the Dakotas the past season. More Particular information willbe given later. The trend of the results, however, thus far gleaned, tends to show that the crop pretty generally failed on summer-fallow, and that itpretty generally succeeded when drilled in on barley and wheat stubble, especially the former. In many instances the failure on the summer-fallowed land was due to late sowing, but not in all. A few instanc- es occurred in which the farmers say the wheat failed on such land, al- though the stand was good in the au- tumn. Some of those reporting, in fact quite a number of them, say that the wheat did not come up on the summer-fallowed land because of lack of moisture. Where this happened, the land was not properly summer- fallowed as it ought to ,be, wheat' ought to come up. Such land will have moisture in it, at least enough to sprout the wheat, and to maintain its growth until the autumn is past If the lard fallowed is plowed earlv, sav in Mav, and firmed and kept clean by successive harrowing, it will have enough of moisture in it to ac- complish what has been stated, how- ever dry the season may be. It would be a great consideration could winter wheat be grown with measurable success. The hot and dry weather such as came the past season would not greatly harm it. In Mon- tana, winter wheat that had only two and one-half inches of rain since March Ist, will make a ten bushel crop; spring grain beside it is in rnanj instances a complete failure. Itshould therefore, be tried this year again, but only in a small way. I have never asked a farmer to sow more than one acre as a trial. The hazard in one acre is very small. If it fails the farmer can sow spring crop on that acre. He only loses his seed, that is one bushel, and the time of towing it. Why should not one thousand farmers in the Dakotas sow one acre* Those who do sow winter wheat the coming season should not fail to sow it in Angust, and not much later than the middle of the month. Up toward the Canadian boundary, earl- ier would be better than later sowing. In the southern part of the state the middle of August should not be far from right, and in South Dakota a little later may be better. Those who sow the crop in stubble should drillin the seed without plowing or discing the land, and they should sow as early as when the grain is sown on summer-fallowed land. Barlev stub- ble is preferable to wheat stubble for the reason that the crop should be sown on itearlier. Attempt should not be made to sow winter wheat on newly plowed land. Where it is sown thus the fact is al- most certain that the plants willfail In the winter season. Those who sow should be looking after their seed, a-« in a month from appearance of this paper the seed should be in the ground. The meth- od of sowing in standing corn should not be overlooked. This has not yet been tried to any considerable ex- tent. It should prove one of the best methods of sowing this grain.—Da- kota Farmer. FOUTH OF JULY ADDRESS The following addiess was deliverer ‘ by Philip F. Wells at the 4th of Jul; celebration at Allen, 8. D. My Friends; —You have kindly hon ored me to-day by an invitation u address you on matters of the utmos importance by reason of the import ant change that is about to take placi affecting the new position which yoi are about to assume. First allow me to speak to you In dian mixed bloods and also to yoi “white men who are incorporated with us by reason of marriage.” Now , let us compare conditions i that exhisted a number of years age i when our white fathers first married our Indian mothers, with the present condition of affairs, and consequently to reflect upon the obligations undei which we are now placed as the re- sult of such changed conditions. The Indians at that time were self- i governing and fought against neigh- I boring tribes and white men who were then encroaching upon our lands !of the present day, and I think it should be needless to state they suf- fered everything incidental to war until the authorities stepped in and made the honorable treaties whose benefits we are enjoying at the pres- ent day. Here I may lie pardoned for the frequent use of the personal pronoun considering that for thirty years I have been employed as chief inter- preter in every treaty and every at- tempted treaty between the Indians and the United States Government. In every instance, when in the opin- ion of these wrinkled, old faces sit- ting around here, propositions were offered which they considered unfair, one and all said “No, tho’ I perish with starvation and my bones lay bleaching over these prairies, I will not sacrifice the interest of my pos- terity,” and the one we are most in- debted to for these sentiments is our old and incorruptible chieftain, Red Cloud. We have, in part, made acknowl- edgement of his services to us Indi- ans; mixed bloods and white men alike vieing with one another to con- tribute money to erect a monument to his memory. When by starvation the Indians were forced to cross the international boundary line as exiles from their beloved country, where they suffered starvation and humiliation as fuga- tives in a foreign country. There they were repelled by hostile tribes of Indians until the British Govern- ment stepped in and protected them, and it was under these conditions they were forced to live until the United States sudmitted propositions by which they could honorably re- turn to their beloved country and live in peace. Now let us see what part our fath- ers aud we mixed bloods acted iu the drama. W’e never raised a hand to help them in all their struggles for their rights, but our fathers reaped a rich reward of plenty of money by work for the government during the struggles and we mix bloods were raised in ease and plenty, not being bothered by the trouble of learning how to earn a dollar for ourselves, and we were provisioned and clothed by the money created by their efforts, and the greater benefits still that the Indians conferred upon us is that we were left the richest class of people in South Dakota by reason of the vast tracts of valuable lands that we now own. Some might say that our fathers and we worked for the interest of the Indians for the government. Now what were the attractive features that caused us to engage in thia labor? It was tho big fat pay and the pres- tige it gave us. Right here I wish to draw your attention to this par- ticular tact—it was no discredit to either our* fathers or ourselves for such apparent ingratitude, because the laws that were made between the United States and the Indians in 1868 practically made us mixed bloods and white men criminals” if we help- ed the Indians la their fights against the neighboring tribes or white men who were encroaching upon our lands. We have had examples of the work- ings of that law which are still fresh in our memories. Of course we have had agents who were both honorable and conscientious, but I regret to Bay that we have had agents who were anything but that class of men—- agents who under pretext of carrying out that law, persecuted us for pro- testing against their unjust treatment of the Indians. But all that now is a thing of the past and we are standing on the threshold of citizenship where rights must be protected and wrongs re- dressed not by force of arms but by ¦ the more peaceful and intelligent I way—the ballot. We have now ar- rived at the point where the agent and his assistants, the farmers are no longer able to guide the Indians 1¦ in their new role, because the office 1 tney hold forbids them from meddl- ing in politics. Then to whom can the Indians look for guidance? To, no others but us, mixed bloods and . white men that are joined with us. Shall we ignore our obligation to them? Shall we repudiate our debt of gratitude and desert them in their , hour of need? No; if we be guilty of | ¦ any such act, it would be both cow-1 ; ardly and contemptible and be un-I worthy of either the white or Indian blood that is in us. Rather in a man- ' ly and honorable way, let us discharge the many debts of gratitude we owe | them. Let us be cautious and not confuse them by our factional fights , I in trying to advance our own selfish aims—fights to which politics are too ¦ often subject—but rather let us one and all remember the great reeponsi-' bilities resting upon us and give them 1 our wisest counsel. Finally, I appeal ito you, one aud all, to stand bv the j i Indian in his efforts to reach the stand-¦ I ard of good citizenship, first, last and all the time. Now, you fullblood Indians, I wish ’to speak to you. You are perfectly , aware of the changed conditions of to-day,—particularly I wish to speak \to two of you chiefs, namely, Bad Wound and Plenty Bear who are res- i idents of Bennett county, which is I soon to be opened for settlement to | the white people, and who are also leaders of the Indains who reside , therein. It has fallen to your lot to take the first steps in the new life that we are about to enter. Now let me quote an old traditional ceremony , that the leading er.iefs among our ' grandfathers used when they were < installing a young warrior who had ] ! shown marked ability upon the war < path and aptitude for leadership, to < chieftainship. They would say “young ] man, I take you to-day aud place you ' upon an ant-hill and those anta are to < eat you and if you cry with pain and ] run away, you will be a disgrace to J yourself and a great injury to your < people; but if you pay no attention ] :to the pain and only keep steadily in J mind the work I have chosen for you, < | you will confer many honors upon , yourself aud be a blessing to your ] people.” < Now the anta that our grandfathers ] referred to are a good illustration of ’ what you have to contend with now, < which is none other than warring < factions, the result of selfish greed, 1 personal ambition and envy and jeal- i < ousy, which I would warn you against , < and advise you to take counsel from ’ men who are giving you unpartisan < and unselfish advice. Tho’ you may < suffer from unjust criticism and un- J popularity, stand firm and be men of < your convictions and you are bound < to win a glorious triumph in the end. J Speaking to the whole Oglala tribe, < there are many men whose services < are very valuable, but you in particu- ’ lar, my friend Turning Hawk, whb for the past number of years has been taking place of our venerable old ¦ chief, Red Cloud; the same tradition which I have quoted, very aptly fits ¦ in your case. Let your one aim be to guide your people wisely and justly, remember- ing that there is nothing so strong and desirable as union in any class of people, and follow the footsteps of our late old cheif, Red Cloud, who died in a bed of laurels he made for himself; whose name and memory willlast longer than any of us living to-day. j WETA NEWS ITEMS | Wm. Grube was home over Bunday. Sam Young came down toWeta: town Saturday. Fred Me. is digging a well on his j farm this week. Bert Smith began making hav the first of the week. Herman Dolstrom’s wife is very sick at this writing. John Keester and wife was out from Kadoka Sunday. Ohmer Hensel made a business trip to Kadoka Sunday night. Stanley Barber is shocking grain for Vern Oaten this week. A ball game an horse races were | the excitement in town last Saturday.. Roy Grube went to Rapid City on Sunday night to attend teachers’ ex-1 amination this week. Lenard Devine drove Jim McHenry and Ray Kelliher to interior Sunday with their race horses. A protest was filed ageing Leo Davis which puts him back nearly two months on his claim. David Doss was hired to help build a claim shack but as he took his herd of cattle he was not wanted. Mtiron Eggers has bought a well I machine he says it is cheeper to buy the machine than it is to hire his well dug. L. K. Goldsmith. Cash. Fort Pierre Bank K. A. Birlski. Cash. First State Bank of Philip Martin Johnaon. Pres. Bank of Kadoka L. A. Pier. Cashier. Belvidere State Bank Home Land & Abstract Co. M. L. Pakciixs cretary and Bonded Abstracter Respectfully Solicits Your Business. Fort Pierre, S. D. ? A AAAAAA Aa A Aa AA AAAA AAAAAAAAAA AAA AAA AAAAAA AAAAA-Aa AAa a w- * < ? • Lumber Coal ? 1 * Lumber ;; ! < * ? * * > Lime, Plaster, Cement, Sand, Bricks, ;; Blocks, Lath, Roofing, Shingles, „ > * ’ Sash and doors f ! < ’ < * <» » In fact anything you want in the line of LUMBER and BUILDING J J J MATERIAL. We are in the lead all the time. A complete line of <’ • Everything. Best grades, and our prices are right. < ? < ? ’ < i > COME IN AND FIGURE WITH US BEFORE YOU BUY J I I < ’ ? * ’ : The Fullerton Lumber Co. ;; T. R. Baisch, Mgr. Kadoka, S. D. > 1 ’ wwwwwvwwwwwvwv LUMBER! LUMBER!! HARD and SOFT COAL WIRE SALT < ? I ?< ? <» < ? Also a Complete Line of : I ’ > Windows, Doors, Paper ! < • Roofing, etc., always on ! hand. :: i ?PRICES RIGHT; SATISFACTION GUARANTEED ¦; JAS. A. SMITH • ? ?????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? 11 11" 1111 F. E. REIDINGER LAND AGENCY SELLS LAND .. At Kadoka, S. D. II ;h i s i ¦Bi ”HMB " BMB

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