Page 1 of 24 Sep 1972 Issue of Southern Illinoisan in Carbondale, Illinois

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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - September 24, 1972, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICl Carbondals    710    N.    Ilfinol* H«rrin    212    N. 16th Murphysboro    1113    Walnol Volume 80—No. 226—25c a CopySouthern Tllinoisan Successor to: Cerbondal. Fr.. Press. Herrin Daily Journal. Murohysboro Independent    ^    ^    ★ 5 Sect!»., Comic., F.mi,yWe.i.lV5p!^         — Carbondale—Herrin-Murphysboro Martial law in Philippines Vietnam troops on sweeps Saigoon (AP) Thousands of South Vietnamese troops maneuvered on the northern front Saturday to prevent North Vietnamese forces from recapturing hard -won territory in the government’s counteroffensive. Spokesmen fox' the Saigon command said two search and destroy sweeps in Quant Tn and ^hua Ihien provinces involved about 20,OCX) paratroopers, rangers and infantrymen, supported by 200 armored vehicles. The operations began last Tuesday but were not announced imtil Saturday. The spokesmen indicated they do not involve new thrusts into enemy - held terrain, but rather are intended to maintain the government’s hold on areas recaptured earlier in the three -monüi counteroffensive. Most of Quang Tri Province north and west of its capital and the A Shau VaUey in western Thua Thien Province still are m North Vietnamese hands. So far the sweeps have encountered little enemy resistance. The bi^est action so far occurred PYiday mommg when South Vietnamese paratroopers reported killing « North Vietnamese south and southwest of the city of Quang Tri. No significant battie action was reported in the three southern provinces of the 1st military region — Quang Nam, Quang Tin and Quang Ngai — following a 27-round rocket barrage that hit the Da Nang air base early Saturday morning. In Phnom Penh, the Camtx^ dian high command reported that Communist - led troops fought their way into the market place of Chambak, 23 mües south of Phnom Penh, and surrounded three other villages below it along Highway 2 on Baturday. Asians given 48 hours to flee Variable cloudiness with showers and thunderstorms likely today and tonight. Warmer witíi the high 77 to 83. Low tonight 58 to 63. Monday mostly cloudy with chance of showers and turning cooler. Marcos cites Red threat iiilMliirJiihi lili ....... lili iiÉ^É^ t'iSi 111 ,    ,    ........... 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The article by Richard Dud-man, diief Washington correspondent who recently returned from Hanoi, identified the prisoners as Air Force Capt. Gecrge Alan Rose, 30, of Fayetteville, Ark., and Air Force Lt. Richard Joseph Fulton, 25, of Mesa, Ariz. Dudman took pictures of the two during what he called **a carefully stage - managed meeting” on Sept. 12. Dudman said he asked to visit a prisoner - of - war camp not yet visited by any other news correspondents or intermediaries trying to arrange for release of POWS. Instead, he wrote, the men were brought to a government office two blocks from his hotel in downtown Hanoi. Neither Rose nor Fulton apparently had been interviewed before and both were listed as inigsing until Sen. Eldward M. Kennedy obtaii^ a list of of- arrests foUow- Loodon (AP) Britain’s foreign secretary said Saturday it would be •‘totally impossible” to meet Uganda’s 48-hour deadline for airlifting 8,000 expelled Asians to Britain. Before leaving tor New York, Sir Alec Douglas - Home said he apoke with Uganda’s high commissioner in London to seek clarification of President Idi Amin’s ultimatum Friday and to urge an extension.* The 48-hour deadline applied to those Asians already cleared for departure. fleers captured in June and July of this year, the article said. Rose told Dudman he had been shot down on June 21 and was uninjured except for a small cut on the jaw. “It s healed up now,” he was quotec as saying. Fulton said he had some facial cuts and a wrenched shoulder when he ejected from his plane on June 13. Both men said they tried to hide after their plane was shot down but were found by civilians. They said they were allowed to write home. Manila (AP) President Ferdinand E. Marcos declared Saturday night he imposed martial law in toe Philippines to save toe republic from a Communist rebellion and to reform society. The president’s remarks in a nationwide radio and TV broadcast of a period of about 12 hours in which toe nation of 7,100 islands in toe western Pacific had been cut off from toe world by a government -ordered communications blackout. Marcos said an escalating threat of armed msurrection had prompted him to take “this extraconstitutional power to protect toe republic.” He ordered martial law Fri^y night, after gunmen fired into toe car of toe secretary of defense in what toe government called an assassination attempt. The official was unhurt. Scores of political were reported to have ed. Marcos emphasized in his broadcast that martial law is not a imlitary takeover of toe civilian government, but a measure to “end toe present naticmal emergency.” A midnight to 4 a.m. curfew w&A into effect immediately, Marcos said. Elements of the Metropolitan Police Ck>mmMd CH- Metrocom, set up checkpoints in the greater Manila area to enforce toe curfew. Results of the martial law decree were peaceful. The four million or so residents of toe greater Manüa area went about their normal weekend activities. Hiere was toe usual light Saturday traffic throughout toe city and people went to toe movies and the supermarket, supermarkets. The population missed the usual daUy radio newscasts and newspapers Metrocom troops closed the city’s eight major English -language daily newspai^rs and about a dozen radio and 10,000 with logistics and International funding assistance and a mass base of 100,000 persons. Unless checked immediately, the subversion problem will cause toe “collapse of toe national economy in no time, Marcos said. Marcos promised that details of implementation of toe martial law, and toe social and economic reforms wül be explained later. However, he gave no indication how long martial law will continue. On the ranch in Texas President Nixon chats with Mrs. Nixon and Mr. and Mrs. John Connally on the Connal-ly's Picosa Ranch near Flo- resville, Tex., prior to dinner there involving some of the top Texas Democrats who are supporting the President for re-election. (AP WIrephoto) Manila described as quiet Honolulu (AP) The first passengers and crewmen of airlines arriving here from Manila since Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos imposed martial law described Manila as peaceful. “There was no real sign that anything was different, except that there was no ¡radio and no newspapers,” said Eric J. Rc^rs of Sydney. Rogers said, however, that private security guards throughout the city had surrendered their weapons and that there appearaned to be more military vehicles on the streets than usual. A fellow passenger on the Pan American World Airways flight 842 Saturday, Ralidi Strangedy, • ’     ««jjo Agnew in long-distance debate Nixon, McGovern on frail ^    .    1    ^___^rtllrkiiclv anil Tllt.ll ARMED ROBBERY IN CARTERVILLE Two armed men took about $1(X) from a janitor and coin naa-chines at the Norge self service laundry on South Division street in Carterville about 11 p.m. Saturday. The men, who had women’s hose pulled over their heads held the janitor at gun point while they took toe money, police said. television stations. Other measures contained in toe etoct which Marcos signed late Friday: Censorship of all domestic and international    media operating in toe Philippines. —^Temi^rary ban on Philipmos from going abroad.  Closure of schools on all levels for a week. — Death penalty for illegal x)ssession of firearms. Total ban on    public demonstrations, rallies and labor strikes. —Civilian courts wiU continue funcitoning except in cases to-volving violations    of public order, toe fundamental law, national security, abuse and improper use of toe military uniform. Marcos said that the Maoist of Los Angeles, said he saw turmoü and no unrest’ m the city. Both Rogers and Stangedy said no Füipinos were allowed to board toe half-filled Boeing 747 flight, which originated in Saig(m.    ^    . En hour after the Pan Am fli^t arrived, a PhiHppine An* Lines jet arrived with only 40 passengers. Again there w^ no Philippine nationals aboard, except for crewman. Hie pilot, Capt. Manuel Conde, said the flight was delayed tor several hours as officials sorted out the baggage of those who were not allowed to make toe flight. Conde also described the scene in ManUa as peaceful and said the declaration of martial law by the president was anticipated, but less stringent than expected. By the Associated Press George McGovern said Saturday his Democratic presidential campaign is on an upturn wWch will force President Nixon into more open campaigning, but Nixon, returning from his second major camapign swing, said things were just fine with m. At the same time. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was carrying on his long - distance debate with McGovern over the Vietnam war and said this was is no more unpopular than others in the nation’s past. McGovern told the Ohio Democratic Convention that Nixon ‘‘refuses 90 per cent of the time to face the American people.” He said there is a strong American tradition that a presidential candidate must take his record to the country, is one needs ‘that ex- especially if its desperately plaining.” McGovern said “substitute campaigners and second - string voices,” cannot permit Nixon to avoid taking his record personal! to the country. The Democratic candidate said instead of going “out with the people,” Nixon chose to go to the Texas ranch of John B. Connally to see oil billionaires and “a few mossback politicians who call themselves Democrats. Nixon met Friday night witt big campaign contributors anc “Democrats for Nixon” at Con-nally’s ranch in quest of Texas’s 26 electoral votes. As he left San Antonio Saturday, the President moved through the fringes of an airport crowd of several thousand, shaking hands and acknowledg ing cheers. The White House staff issued a statement in San Antonio in which Nixon cited newly announced statistics which he said show “we definitely are on the right track with our economic policies. “We have made solid progress in the battle against inflation,” the statement said. “But that battle is not yet won. We are determined to cut the rate of ioflation even more than we have ” Agnew, campaigning i n heavily Republican country at London, Ky., defended toe U.S. bombing of North Vietnam and rejected McGovern’s contention that the war is immoral and unpopular. “There is nothing immoral about helping a nation that has been callously and ruthlessly invaded,” Agnew told an airport rally. “And the Vietnam war is no more unpopular than other wars fought by toe United States.” In other developments; — Nixon met with several hundred young workers at the White House after they had earlier announced their endorsement of him. Nixon told the group, “it’s wrong for men who work to get less than a man on welfare,” and they cheered.    .  Alaska (5ov. William A. Egan said he would endorse McGovern’s candidacy. — Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., after meeting with Nixon in San Antonio, said the President ep pects to carry Texas m November and “seems optimistic about carrying it by a large majority.” Communist party of toe Philippines and its New People’s Army have grown to a menanc ing membership of more than $150 IN CHANGE STOLEN FROM PLANT About $150 in change was sto len from the Murphysbore Ice and Cold Storage Plant Hiurs- day or Friday. * Owner Joe Purcell reported to police Saturday toat tour ice vending machine coin boxes had been broken into and all the change taken. First time in U. S. history m m ■ ■ ■ ■ ■    •    ■    *    —    —    — Birth rate at 'replacement' level .     IdSt By Jack Rosenthal (c) New York Times Washington For toe first time in recorded history, fertiUty in toe United States has dropped to the replacement level — the threshold to zero population growth. According to new findings by two federal statistical agencies, toe current total fertility rate has reached toe milestone level of 2.1 children per young woman of child-bearing age. If toat level continued for fome 70 years, it would mean births would exactly offset deaths and toe nation would at last have reached toe goal of toe zero population growth movement. One reason it would take so long is toat there are so m^y more young people now than there are elderly. No expert is willing to guess that toe current low level of chüd-bearing will, in fact, occur. On the contrary, democraphers assume toat toe birto.rate can swing up as abruptly as it has swung down in the last five vears But toe signs toat toe nation has reached a population milestone appear undemable. CampbeU Gibson, a lea^g Cüensus Bureau fertility analyst said Saturday: “This « certainly toe first time toe fertility rate has reached toe replacement level for as long as six months.**    ^    j Hiis was documented by tne results of a new Census Bureau survey of birth expectations conducted last June and published Saturday. It showed toat married women aged 18 to 24 expect to have an average of 2.3 children each. If this finding is adjusted to account for women who are single and for possible overstatement of birth expecto-tions, it would translate into toe symbolic number of 2.1 children. Another indication toat toe nation has reached toe replacement level came frorn toe number of actual births as reported by toe National Center for Health Statistics. This showed that total births in toe first half of 19'72 had dropped a full 9 per cent over last year, even though there are 3 per cent more women of childbearing age. $500,000 to be spent by Gallatin Gattatin County will receive more than $500,000 in government grants and loans for a water system and an emergency communication system. Hie county will receive a $296,000 loan and a $225,(X)0 grant from the Farmers Home Administration (FHA) to build a rural community water system.    „ The funds wiU go to toe Gallatin-White Water District, Inc., Rep. Kenneth J. Gray, D-West Frankfort, said Friday. The water system will serve 230 families and businesses in the western of Gallatin and White counties. Plans include a well, a booster pump station, a 120,000 standpipe, and 50 mües of pipeline.    .    ,,    , The FHA loan is payable In 40 years at five per cent interest. Funds are provided under toe rural community facüi-ties program of the FHA, Gray ^The Illinois Law Enforcement Commission approved a $29,-800 grant Friday for toe development of a 24-hour emergency communications center. I The grant was one of 13 ap-I proved totaling $1,110,035 for counties and cities throughout toe state. The communication center wUl be toe first of its kind in the state, Herman Waters, chief deputy sheriff and center project director, said. He said toe center has been in operation since January with jtelephone connections from I every county town to the cen-Iterat the New Shawneetown 1 court house. 1 A person is on duty 24 hours a day to take caUs for any emergency and dispatch the ap-Ipropriate pers(Miel to handle the 1 incident. Waters said. The grant wDl buy radios, I a generator in case of power outages two cars and help pay toe telephone bill, Waters said. ‘Encouraging’ Drug may aid cancer fight Washington (AP) A National Cancer Institute researcher says the work in progress on using toe chemical BCG in fighting cancer is “encouraging.” Dr. Herbert J. Rapp said the work has been on laboratory animals and very little testing has been done so far on people by the cancer experts. “It is time for us to sit down and discuss the situation,” Dr. Rapp said in a telephone in terview Saturday. Dr. Rapp commented in response to questions about the statement of Dr. Michael Hanna Jr., a scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, that injection of BCG into laboratory aiiimals at Oak Ridge has been 100 per cent effective in eradicating cancer rumors and arresting toe ^read of cancer cells. Experts cautioned against any conclusions that “the cure” for cancer had been found. Dr. Gerald P. Murphy, director of Roswell Park Memorid Institute in Buffalo, N.Y., said BCG was not toe one answer in toe search for a cancer cure. Here's what you'll f ind inside today McGovern seeks time for TV talks Cleveland (AP) Democratic presidential nominee Cteorge Mc(jOvern says he will fight if necessary for prime television time to put some substance into the campaign. “I don’t want this campaign to close with no more substance to it than we get into these stump speeches,”    McGovern told reporters covering his campaign trips. Mc(tovem’s remarks wern made in a news conference Friday night with his comments embargoed    for pubUcation Saturday night. Two major networks, NBC and CBS, said Friday night they woiüd sell McGovern prime time for a series of “fireside chats.** ABC has not responded but is expected to go along. Earlier Friday evening, McGovern said the networks had refused to sell the blocks of time he needed untü the final two weeks of the campaign. He You WÜ1 be interested in: GRASS—the kind you grow not the kind you blow, pg. 2. STREET p a r t y: ^ Some thoughts on the morning after, pg. 3. CRAB ORCHARD Cleanup draws damp but enthusiastic crowd, pg. 3. SIU STADIUM may not be ready for first home game, pg, 9. PYRAMID basketball tournament changes format,, pg. 9. murphysboro, Carbondale, Herrin, Marion football teams win, i^s. 11-12. CELEBRITY SERIES gets under way at SIU with ro<^ opera, pg. 17. CARBONDALE Industrial Park needs industry, pg. 28. DAN walkers’ campaign and Sen. Charles Percy explains his stand on GOP convention rules, pg. 29. INDEX Classified TV Log Bridge, Crossword, Landers Editorials Family Living Sports Records 23-26 33 19 30 17-19 9-14 15 said toat “if we have to, we’ll sue them.” McGovern’s media buyers have canceled all of the one-minute TV spots scheduled for network showing this reserving the money for the longer 15 or 30 minute shows. Charles Guggenheim, who produces McGovern’s T V material, said longer more substantive exposure is needed for Mc(Jovern to overcome narrow labels” huii^ on him by his opponents. SHRIVER GIVEN MEDICAL CHECK Las Vegas, ficv. (AP) Democratic vice presidential candidate Sargent Shrive was checked briefly at Sunrise Hospital Saturday for a cold, said Julia Long, assistant hospital administrator. No medication was ad-ministei^

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