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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - June 21, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysbere Herrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th Volumt a Copy Two Sections uthern Illinoisan successor Carbondale Herrln Dally Journal Murphysboro Independent FRIDAY JUNE 21 1774 010175 LIBRART LS NEWSPAPERS B01 199 PECATUR 62525 Colson Acting on Nixon orders Charles W Colson leaves court in Washington Washington CAP Former White House aide Charles W Colson said today he was acting on President Nixons orders when he sought to damage the reputation of Pen tagon Papers figure Daniel Ellsberg Colson once one of President Nixons highest ranking ad visers was sentenced today to serve one to three years in prison for obstructing justice by attempting to influence the out come of Ellsbergs trial on charges stemming from publication of the Pentagon Papers in 1971 The President on numerous occasions urged me to disseminate damaging in formation about Daniel Ellsberg including information about Ellsbergs attorney and others with whom Ellsberg had been in contact Colson said I dont mean to shift the responsibility to the President Colson said in a statement before his sentencing I believed what I was doing was right and the President believed he was acting in the national interest I had one rule To do what the President wanted done Colson said He said he never thought that anything he might do would violate anyones con stitutional rights I saw Ellsberg as a martyr who might rally public support he said In fairness to the President Colson added it should be realized the government at that time was in the most sensitive negotiation maintaining secrecy of these negotiations was absolutely vital Colsons statement appeared to make certain he would be called as a witness in the House Says President urged him to taint Ellsbergs name Judiciary Committees im peachment inquiry Chairman Peter W Bodino D NJ declined to comment other than to say Colsons remark needed clarification but other members said Colson would be called before the committee Hes on the list a member said The committee has not decid ed what witnesses it willhear It is scheduled to discuss the question of witnesses next week US District Judge Gerhard A Gesell also imposed a fine Maximum penalty on the charge would have been five years in prison and a fine For SVa years I worked day and night I believed I was making a great personal sacrifice for my country Colson said before sentenc ing He said he had been an ar rogant selfassured man in the ruthless exercise of power Colson said he now knows how easy it is even for a strong man to lose perspective under pressure After Colsons 12minute statement to the judge his lawyer spent a full halfhour asking that Colson be placed on probation rather than be sent to prison The sentence means that Col son must serve at least one year at an institution not yet designated The judge gave him until July 8 to surrender Colson had been charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice and obstructing justice in the Watergate coverup case and with conspiracy to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsbergs psychiatrist in the plumbers case Both those charges were dismissed today Colson pleaded guilty on June 3 to a newly drawn charge of obstructing justice In that plea he admitted that in 1971 he concocted and carried out a scheme to defame and destroy the public image and credibility of Daniel Ellseberg then nearing trial in thePen tagon Papers case Inflation rote back in double digits Washington AP The annual rate of inflation in consumer prices returned to double digit levels in May following the April slowdown the Labor Department reported today Consumer prices in May were 107 per cent above a year earlier and if the May inflation rate continued for the next 12 months would be more than 132 per cent higher than now at the end of the next 12 months the department said The May increase in the Con sumer Price Index was 11 per cent This compared with a six tenths of one per cent increase in April There were sharply higher priceslast month for a wide range of goods and services including food health services clothing andused cars Food prices increased nine tenths of one per cent on a seasonally adjusted basis reversing the fourthtenths of one per cent decline in April Soviets Would Ease Emigration Kissinger c New York Times Washington Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger has told several senators that the Soviet Union is National scene prepared to guarantee in writing that it will permit the emigra tion of 45000 Jews a year ac cording to officials here This would be 10000 more than that total allowed to leave in 1973 Kissinger was also quoted as saying Soviet representatives had told him they wuld deal with the problem of harassment of those who sought to emigrate and that they were prepared to state that harassment was in consistent with Soviet laws Kissinger reportedly passed on the views to three senators who favor Housepassed legislation to deny equal trading status and economic credits to any Communist country that does not allow unrestricted emigration Calley Spends Second Night in Stockade Columbis Ga AP Former Army Lt William L Calley Jr spent the night in a military stockade for the first time in three years He spent another night there after he was convicted of murdering 22 Viet namese in the 1968 Mai Lai massacre Calley who is appealing the courtmartial conviction had been free on bond since February Before that he was under house arrest The US 5th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled last week that Calley should be returned to custody Billion Housing Bill Passes House Washington AP The House has overwhelm ingly passed an billion housing and community development bill The 35125 vote the largest for any housing bill in recent history showed a nearunanimous desire to funnel new monies into hardstrapped cities and to get housing pro grams for the poor moving again Bank President Resigns Over Loss New York AP The president of Franklin National Bank has resigned following the disclosure that the bank lost million in the first quarter mostly through unauthorized foreign currency transactions Jaworski disputes tapes Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington Watergate Special prosecutor Leon Jaworski today disputed the accuracy of portions of the White House transcripts releas ed by President Nixon Jaworski asserted that there are material differences between the White House transcripts and those done by Watergate prosecutors from tapes previously by Nixon Related story page 10 Committee expedites mass transit aid LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield The House Transportation Committee moved with dispatch today toward enabling a House Senate compromise on mass transit operating subsidies By a 120 vote the committee amended Urbana Republican Sen Stanley B Weavers senatepassed Downstate bill so that it now is the same form as bill already passed by the House Rep Robert Day RPeoria said the understanding is that the Senate now will similarly act by amending a Housepassed measure advanced by Speaker W Robert Blair RPark Forest so that it is in the same form as Weavers bill The purpose of this amend ment is to set up the machinery to get the Weaver and Blair bills into a conference com mittee as quickly as possible Day said The Blair measure the panel would subsititute for the Weaver bill would provide up to million to Downstate municipalities for mass transit aid or local road and street im provements Land ahoy1 TheUSS Enterprise Junior a miniature version of the Na vys nuclear powered aircraft carrier stopped at Chester Thursday While trying to make a turn in the Mississippi Riverthe ships battery cab les shorted out power was lost and the swiff current ran the boat aground Repairs were quickly made and the undamaged ship was off the bank within 10 minutes En terprise Junior is a 12ton rep lica of the 85000 ton USS Enterprise It is used in Navy recruitment Photo by EdGreer Goahead given single contract go al Southern 45 moves to unification Tonight and Saturday oc casional showers and thunder storms Low tonight in upper 60s or lower 70s High Satur day 85 to 92 Sunday through Tuesday cooler with lows in upper 50s or upper 60s and highs in upper 70s or lower 80s INDEX Classified 1317 Religion 5 Comics TV Bridge Crossword 19 Editorials 4 Family living Records 1718 Sports 1M2 Weather details map 18 Negotiation process unused LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield A few nights ago Rep W Timothy W Simms RRockford wondered out loud at a meeting of the House Industrial Affairs Committee whatever happened to the agreed bill process through which management and labor negotiated increases in unemployment and workmens compensation Stanley Johnson chief lobbyist for the AFLCIO said its been more or less abandoned and though he still had an open mind about it was inclined to let it gather cobwebs A United Auto Workers spokesman was even more blunt We dont know what happened to the agreed upon bill process and we dont want it back The reason Lobbyists for organized labor believe they have been able to negotiate through the legislature much higher in creases in workmens and unemployment compensation the last Hiree years than they did in the years when they sat down with industry spokesmen In addition they are trying to eliminate the oneweek waiting period for u n e m p 1 o y m e n t benefits which industry lob byists say will cost at least million Leonard Day of the state Chamber of Commerce said four of five workers find new jobs before exhausting their benefits and that ending the waiting period would add costs and make it almost impossible for the state to check the legitimacy of a claim Labor lobbyists have suffered a couple of setbacks Earlier ttis week they failed to get the bills out of the House Industrial Affairs Committee because some Democrats were absent Thursday an effort failed on the House floor to get the bills out of committee but these bills are expected to get out even tually Johnson and other labor lob byists contend the increases are needed to keep benefits in line with the skyrocketing cost of living while management says the costs are becoming too burdensome By Joanne Wood Of The Southern Illinoisan The Southern 45 bargaining confederation of teachers has moved closer to its motto We mean business Meeting in Salem Thursday nearly 100 teachers from the 45 southernmost Illinois coun ties gave the confederation the power to provide unification of chartered local associations and the goahead to work to ward a single contract sys tem Teachers inthose chartered associations will vote on the recommendations and one suggestion as soon as possible according to Ben Brinkley di rector of lEAs UNISERV Marion office The recommendations are 45 will provide assistance to unsettled locals in order to help them reach an agreement or settlement before the opening date of school crisis preparation as sistance team will be sent to all chartered unsettled locals during July to assess the po tentiality of a strike locals forced to strike are recommended to conduct and carry out a coor dinated strike action This would consist of beginning the strike on the same day and ending the strike only when all striking locals reach a set tlement not faced with a strike either settled or unset tled will be asked to provide aid to striking locals in one or more of the following ways a sympathy strike support personnel manpower to assist locals with picketing financi al support A suggestion was made that local associations invite their boards of education to a meet ing with the Southern 45 teach ers The joint meeting of the board members and Southern 45 teachers would explore the possibilities of a single nego tiating team appointed by the boards and another team se lected by the teachers to bar gain a single contract Brink ley said Robert Barrow of Carbon dale teacher at Lincoln Jun ior High School and chairman of the IEA Region 38 has said that the regional or con glomerate bargaining system merely moves bargaining from local districts to one cen tralized representative board team and one team of South ern 45 representatives negoti ating a common contract He added that local options on that single contract would be open to each district after bargaining is completed by the two representative teams A number of school super intendents and several school board presidents interviewed before the Southern 45 meet ing are displeased with the prospect of dealing with a teachers confederation One school board president said he believes that the Southern 45 is a move to take school control away from lo cal authorities A superintendent of an area high school said that it would be illegal for teachers to strike All are concerned at the concept of single contract es pecially in the area of salary schedules Southern 45 leaders say that salary level variations be tween school districts are ac cepted for the present by the confederation Brinkley said that one of the logical options is for sal ary schedules to be set at the same percentage for all school districts Teachers at the Thursday meeting representing nearly 7600 teachers without con tracts in the 45 counties spoke of their concerns not only for more equitable salaries but for greater input by teach ers into school board deci sions Gene Rhine teacher at El dorado Unit 4 School said that there are many concerns other than salary tell us that we should be more professional and then turn around and de ny teachers a chance to be involved Board members still want to present the paternal istic image toward teachers They dont seem to realize that the age of the father image is gone Rhine said He added that boards often tell the public that teachers are concerned with salaries alone but that teachers are just as interested in their pro fessionalism We do not want to be de cisionmakers but we want to be a voice in the decision particularly in what is best for the pupiis we t e a c h Rhine said Brinkley said that the four recommendations and the sug gestion for a joint school boardsteachers meeting will be given to chartered locals soon answers will be given at the next meeting of South ern 45 probably the last week in July he said million Senate group OKs coal bond measure LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield The SenateAgriculture Con servation and Ecology Com mittee voted 110 with two membersvoting present to ap prove energy legislation authorizing million in bonds for coal development The measure sponsored by Sen Bradley Glass RNorthfield now goes to the Senate floor for further action A separate energy program endorsed by Gov Daniel Walker and Senator minority leader Cecil Partee DChicago will be heard in the same committee Monday Walkers proposal calls for million in bond funds for coal development Several committee Democrats argued today that the million amount was too little ;