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Press-Telegram (Newspaper) - February 17, 1959, Long Beach, California TOTAL ABSORPTION IN WORK EERljE SPECTACLE Red China's Millions Toil Around the Clock (EDITOR'S NOTE in the "New China" li astounding. Women have achieved full equality with men. But most striking, says a distinguished Indian ob- server who traveled widely in Red China, is the eerie spectacle of a huge nation totally absorbed in ceaseless labor. This is the second of five articles.) By DR. SRIPATI CHANDRASEKHAR Hit 'A major aspect of the Chinese scene that cannot escape ,one is that the whole nation is at work, hard at jvork, 24 hours a day. Three shifts in a textile mill or a steel plant are under- standable for technical reasons. But in Communist China people dp everything on a .day-and-night basis. 1 was told about this by my Chinese friends and I did not believe it. But it was brought home to me at 1 aim. one morning when I was driven to the Peiping Hotel, where I was staying, after a dinner with some Chinese offjcials. I saw that both sides of the road were brightly lit by a million electric lights strung in festoons as in a fairy- land. I was that these lights meant that people were working. 1 stopped the car and inquired. It was true. Some workers nearby were building the new Peiping Opera House so that It might be ready for the 10th anniversary of; the revolution. The work had been going on night and day on a three-shift.basis. It was the same story in other cities. In one suburb of Peiping alone, where a new cultural center is being created, I counted some 18 massive structures being built around the clock. They will house the :varipus techno- logical research institutes that will carry on research in steel, oil, water conservation; etc. These institutes are usually completed in three or four months. I have visited many parts of the world in Asia, Europe ?r.d the Americas but I have not seen anywhere men and women of all ages work, this hard day and night. This tremendous effort is not 'confined to any particular segment of the economy but embraces practically every field of human endeavor. Not only do the Chinese work all theHime, but they work in massive numbers. You see 20 people pulling a loaded cart some pulling with ropes like animals, some pushing from behind. One would expect, in a "people's that people would not be substituted for ani- mals. But I have even seen men and women pulling a plow. The reason for this phenomenon is that people'are at the beck and call of the regime and need not be paid high wages. So the economy can afford to waste human labor which, in terms of human dignity and monetary value, means nothing. What could be accomplished by two people is done by 20. And yet, paradoxically, everyone from the minister and departmental head down will tell you seriously that China is underpopulated and that there is an acute labor shortage. A further new aspect of the Chinese scene 'Concerns the position of women. Their traditional role was con- fined to the bearing and rearing of numerous children. The wife had no rights except as the mother of sons. In times of famine it was the girl baby or the young daughter who was sold to the landlord or to those who ran the houses of ill-fame. All this has been radically changed. The Chinese woman has become the equal of man with a vengeance, legally, politically, morally. The double standard of moral-' ity has gone. There is no prostitution. The Chinese woman is no longer under the supervision of her father, husband, or son. There is no job that is not open to her. I have seen women in the steel mills, textile factories, heavy tools plants; they drive huge lathes, operate two- ton hammers, control traffic in big cities, run cultural centers, obtain an abortion or a divorce without too much bother, and can and do denounce their husbands at party meetings if they suspect them of rightist and bourgeois tendencies. The Chinese woman has finally come into her own. But on the debit side, she has ceased to be feminine. Not even a hint of cosmetics or the slightest bit of jewelry (Continued on Pg. A-4, Col. 7) HOME The Southland's Finest Evening Newspaper LONG BEACH 12, CALIF., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1959 PRICE 10 CENTS 30 PAGES 15 CLASSIFIED HE TELEPHONE HE 5-1161 EDITION (Six Editions Daily] UARtilNG MODERN TECHNIQUES in a Chinese machine crafts school make.-close.examination, of one of the shop tools. Hand in hand with the unlimited supply of manpower that >orks around the clock in Red China goes' the urgesto-learn modern'methods -of production, reports author.of Red China Today, Wirephoto.) WEATHER-EYE' ROCKET LAUNCHED INTO ORBIT [e Feels Dulles fvfo gufimen held lip the WASHINGTON Eisenhower wa Los'Altos reported feel that John Foster Diilles should "i" El IT n r-i-iOt-afrnV-ir- Inf. otfl f O O5 TIP TPPlR H Castro Cuts His Own Pay, s Restaurant, 5190 Pacific Coast Hwy., early this mornirig and. escaped -With niore than other employes were terrorized by the bandits and a fiftlvconcealed jumself, hop ing' to' call the pblfce.iti time to. catch the gunmen.. .The. manager, Harold -Ken of 10577 Sher rill counting ttfe night's.receipts whep h was confronted by the firs gunman. THE BANDIT, holding handkerchief to conceal hi ordered Fisher to han over the money. -In addition to' the night Fisher was. forced t hand over the cash contents stay on as secretary 6f.state as long as he feels abl o carry on and wants lofdo so. .Rep. Charles A.vHalleck of Indiana, Republica chief in the House, told newsmen about the President' Sir ihree safes, matched into He was then the kitchen where three porters and a bartender were {med up by the' second gunman. Wore Rain for L B. Area For a while this morning the sun did what it's sup posed to do. Shine. But don't let it fool you Won't last, the. weatherman says. A new storm approach in the Southland from the south west probably will brin steady rain tonight-and to morrow. .The newcomer won't be as violent as Monday's big blow, view. said the matter o )u11es' condition was di ussed briefly: at the Pres ent's regular weekly rhee ng with GOP congression Reed Army Medical Cent offering from a recurren of cancer. In response to a questip Halleck said at first the will be determin !ion" for several days as whether Dulles will be ab to continue in the top Sta Department post.' A mome after a whispered co versation with White Hou Press Secretary James C. Hagerty, Halleck amended that to a few weeks. Rebel Chief Swings Into Action Quickly as Cuban Premier HAVANA' Castro swung quickly into action as Cuba's premier today, offi- cially charged with the re- ponsibility as well power to carry out the social revolution he shaped soldier. The bearded rebel fighter's first moves as head of the ng Wllil vjwr eaders. Dulles is in Walter government were to slash in half his own pay and those of cabinet-ministers, approve reopening of gambling casinos and establish a new national lottery. The old pay of the premier and cabinet ministers was a month. They received other allowances which also were reduced. Vanguard Seeks Cloud Data 3TCL.D AT GUNPOINT were which kicked up winds'as Halleck went on to say that Eisenhower personally feels hat so long as Dulles "is able and wants to carry on, the porters Bernard D. Hawkins, 1125 Arcadia Ct.'Apf. C; Maceo Hawkins, 35, of 841 Eagle St.; Leon Stave, 43, Los Angeles, and bartender Rich- ard D. Lipscomb, 28, of 109 Bennett Ave. The bar manager, Daniel J. O'Brien, 7724 Randell St., Downey, had concealed him- self in a small room behind the bar. After he saw the gunmen herd the others into a store- room, he slipped out and tele- phoned policed However, the jtrong as 70 m.p.h. in some the' weatherman has- tened to. add. But it will jring "steady rain of rather long he said. The Monday storm brought 1.93 inches of rain to Long Beach, raising the season rainfall total to 4.27 inches Last .year at this, time, 8.95 inches of rain had fallen. 4iiu waiiid lu cany un, -ut cctiiaia wu A president of the United States Once back in business, Cuban will avail himself of his serv- ces." RESPONDING TO other LID FOR WEATHER EYE Technicians lower the upper half of a "weather-eye" satellite into place at the Astro-Instrumentation branch of theU. S. Army Signal Research and Deve opment Laboratory in Fort Monmouth., N. J. A Vanguard rocket roared aloft from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying the sphere NO DATE was set immedi ately for reopening the casi- nos, long one of Cuba's most alluring attractions to tour- ists. The plush parlors were closed with the- flight into exile of Dictator Fulgencio Batista on New Year Day. players will be barred and the tables will be under govern- ment control. Under Batista some were operated by Amer- questions, Halleck said he was ican racketeers. talking about Dulles staying on as secretary of state rath- er than in some advisory ca- bandits already their escape. had made 3-Deoth Crash, Menderes Safe LONDON airliner made a crash-landing today with Turkish Premier Adnan Menderes. The Turkish lead- er survived but three of those aboard the fourengine Vis- count were killed. The casualties were an- nounced tonight by the minis- try of transport. A ministry spokesman said Menderes and four others aboard were known to be altte after the plane came down near the Surrey village of Newdigate, WHERE TO FIND IT With attorneys presenting final arguments today, the tax evasion case of Dave Beck, former Teamster Union boss, is expected to go to a federal jury Wednesday. See Page A-7. Beach Page. B-l. Hal B-7. B-7. C-3 to 7. B-8, 9. A-g. Death B-Z. B-6. B-3. C-I, 2, 3. A-10. Tides, TV, C-8. 'Vital A-12. B-7. B-4, S. Your A-2. acity. But Halleck added that Fisherman Beats Off Big Sharks PANAMA A fisher man who slugged it out with man-eating sharks said he hit one smack on the nose. Racket Probe Told of Brutal Beating WASHINGTON weeping witness told the Senate Rackets Committee today a grisly story of a beating at the hands of Brooklyn, N. Sidney Saul, identified only as a Brooklyn salesman, swore three hoodlums beat his face out of shape. Mid- way in the beating, he said, they stopped long enough With Castro presiding for the first time, the cabinet sat into the early hours of the morning and also voted to: Suspend the long-time Cu- JJVll Jiniltvri LUQI JUSpTRU IHG Ilmg'UJIH Julles, so long as his practice of "secret ition permits, would be s valuable as an adviser as e would be as secretary. Three more medical special- sis were called into consulta- ion today on the treatment of