Read an issue on 1 Apr 1840 in Swanton, Vermont and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The North American.
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North American (Newspaper) - April 1, 1840, Swanton, VermontTool. Canad Iii iu5.it and Canadian . N0.51j published by h. J. Thomas. Swaton it. April 1, 1810. Edite by canadians k americans. Tin Sonni Ajin Nic a is Pabli Iohd a Vert weds Star. Price a a per an. In Advance or $2 00 at the end of Fth year and in like proportion for fur ther delay of Pmj mint. T. Since he had own info Nied that the Amer ican general had Given theor Decrof raising the siege Ami that he tvs preparing to remove of the River fell Hia martial a do or returning and Marche out of the City with about 800 Ronen to pursue the americana. General Carleton waa by the Brave Colone Maccan Wrath strove to retrieve the Honora Loat by their Char woeful flight of the preceding fall by a grand show of bravery in a Canti Oua Jiu Suil of the retreating army. Govern or Carleton however succeeded in Captur in a or rather in picking up a f w pounds of bread a few sheets of Grille n paper and a few bundle of old clothe which the provincial thought proper not to Burden thenis ves with. The Uritis boasted of having a of captured a few piece of Canon Severa howitzers and some ire Arm a. Capt. Nicholson who was Cora manding the detachment of canadians it at Pointe Levi shamefully abandoned Bis Post and ran away leaving the poor canadians to the mercy of the English a Ihori lies into who Banda they of course fell. We shall eee that in their report on the Cautte of the failure of the Cana Dia n Campaign the committee recommend a d to co Grega that the cowardly conduct of capt. Nichoson should be immediately investigate i and if proved guilty he ought to he forthwith disc missed from the service of the United color in s. In the course of the afternoon two Fri Gat a were sent to Silvery Cove to destroy the american Craft laying there. The provincial retreated As far up the St. Lawrence As the Mouth of the Sorel River where they were joined by four new bal Talio is just arrived from the United Colo Nie s. At this place was taken Ili with the 6iall pox and died in a very Short Lime. This of Lacer had taken com Man d of the american army in the most critical conjuncture possible and no blame whatever can in Justice be attached to his proceedings during the Short time he was in Canada. On the contrary he used Ali the Mearis within his Pover to ensure Success to the american army and Shew a d a great Deel of prudence and skill. By the condition of the Corte which under the existing circus instances major Sher Burne and other Ofiu cars were forced to agree to. On the 2gth May the american prison ers were removed Down to quince Chie on their Way to their Mounir men when in was found that brigadier Gener a Arnold was advancing with a body of men to relieve fort Cedars the sur Remler of which he had not yet heard of. On the approach of the enemy Bri Gajich Genera l Arnold made Ali due preparations to resist an attack. Captain Fotter who evid Eully saw that Bis Force could not contend with the e of general Arnold had recourse to one of those base and Despi cob be tricks Wlinich invariably brings Dis Creda and infamy of those who resort to them. He desired major Sherburne to Bear a Flag of truce to brigadier general Arnold requesting this lat for of Lacer to con Firth e Cartel which had been a red to by major Sherburne and the other Ameri can officers who were Bis prisoners. Be fore sending major Sherburne on this the British Captain took the american of Lacer into a Council of War held by the Indiana at which it was inti mated to him that it was not the custom of these warriors to pare the lives of sheif prisoners although they lied done it in the two last Bat Les and that if Gen. Arnold did Noi Sanction the Cartel agreed to by himself and the other american of Lacer or if Gen. Arnold should attack them the British they would instant y put to death every prisoner in their Power. Captain Foster joined in this representation and pave his word that this brutal thre at should b faithfully executed. General Arnold upon receiving these & unwarrantable propositions hesitated at first to accede to them but after mature consideration he saw no other alternative to Stive the live of the american prisoners he was to agree to them not however till to because which provided that the american prisoners should never take up arms against great Britain was truck out. After this forced agreement Gen. Arnold with his men and prisoners retired to Montreal and immediately sent a copy of Ali these pro Creedin with the necessary explanations to Congress. To be continued of rent airing at maps As i duly he left it under the pretext of Gong Down to Montreal for by the absence of Covione Bedel the com Mand of the Post fell on Ruttjr Butterfiel. On the l7th the a Retith landed at Pointe a Diable Lex Miles above the Chorch of the Cedars and under the cover of a thick Wood they proceeded to within a Mie of the american Garrison without being at Thia place they hated and the eng Listi of Lacer formed i Pian to invest the fort a Pari of his army took to the Wooda and penetrated to nearly is Pofs Ihle to the Hilst a party of at the cascades with the intention of Cut Ting of Alt communication Between the her siege and the City of Montreal. The in Diana met a party of americana that were Laking provisions to the Camp who immediately lied with the news that the British were in the Vicinity. The English Cap tin n event a Flag of truce to major butter Field Sumino Ning him to surrender Forth with informing him lha in Case of he would a torn the place. To this the Continental of Lacer answered that he wished four hours for consultation but Captain Foster perceived that his object waa to gain time and being informed that colonel Bedel had gone to Montreal for the express purpose of bringing reinforcements he sent word to major Butterfield that if he did not surrender without any delay he would not answer for the consequence of his refusal that the Indiana were then under his control and if he would surren Der without bloodshed he would protect the Garrison from the Savages. Bui if a single drop of blood was spilt then he could Noi control the ferocity of the a Liv to the cruelly and barbarity of which the americans would be Unm Erci full y abandoned. Thia second demand began to weaken the courage and resold tto n of the american commander who agreed to surrender on condition that his Garrison should be allowed to retire to Montreal. To this condition Captain Fos. Ter would not accede and a redo u it was immediately thrown up by the British on the Edge of the Wood about live Hundred Yards Distant Frorer. The fort. The next morning the English of Lacer marched Hia men within 1 25 Yards of the Post and open a d on the americans a Leavy and fire at 12 o clock the american of Lacer struck his colors and surrender Don condition that the lives of his men should be spared and their baggage be preserved est Ray of Lih Eity s Suo. Jet it b forever . We May Noi Al present he abbe to perceive place a just value u the Evis of be Bank ing Yurij bit upon it that of we can Itsue to Turke it by special Legisla Tion and it into the Boom of on fire Isi de Ricono Tiv or Grani it the countenance of favor in any Way w Sha l learn Toor cosi that we have uen Imo Lifa the creature of revenge and death. We May perhaps reason our Elvis into Day dream of Security and repose but cur time will Only the sooner Tome the Deapo i n of Thiese num eyed Institute Mona will Only grow the Fasier and our liberties be co feebler in i More impure. From in Franklin it Btl. We Bave repeatedly been asked h question what or car at Iona Are making by our cover Meni for the Protection and vindication of our rights against the Over bearing and aug Jessive policy pursued to wards a by Cream Britain our answer Hai of n necessity invariably been none frequently we Bave been hauntingly asked tie Stion somewhat similar to the above by lories from Canada and we have Blush a d Scarlet deep As we Iliade the humiliate in g acknowledgement that our government in doing nothing absolutely nothing to Minton the Honor and protect the Righi of the country. Al the same time that to Bave made these and missions we could not Lulu i aying to outsell had we but old Hickory at the Helm my Good Fellows your proud Cresta would soon be lowered your boasting would soon be hushed and a third time would your bullying bragging nation he taught tie Irres stable might there is in a f Reem ii s Arm. But the aged Sarje and Patriot is not there would to leaven the Mando of his spirit and Patriot is m Nii Aht fall Spoti his successor. But Whai Doe a the conduct of our rulers mean what Means this strange and unaccountable e insensibility or indifference to the Dan Gers which threaten us on every band Why Are or rights violate i our soil our citizen murdered and Large portions of the territory purchased by the blood of our fathers Mccu pie d by British regular with impunity Why Are american citizen taken to arms Ngn inst the British government while in Fra in honorable warfare allowed to to Hunt no Lik dogs within sight of their Homes without interference or even the pan of our government we leave our readers to answer theae questions to their own satisfaction. Our own suspicions we will not even breathe at d Grani they May prove to be groundless. In the incur nine it Noi the Peop shut their eyes to the time. A War with great Britain is More than probable. We Are ready to Grani our government will Dodge it if Bev can but we have still some Little conf Dente in the Patriot ism of Congress but much More in the spin it and determination of the government and people of Maine whose rights have been so grossly outrage. De. War we say is More than probable. This is admitted by Many leading Mem he is of Congress and still no measures Ara adopted to neet it when it comes. We still Bave Confidence in Maine and our Hope is that by Ber firn and Energy Eta con Duci the Honor and dignity of the country May behaved and the general government forced into an Altitude which it schema at any and very Sac Ricce of National Honor to avoid. Original. H1st0rt of Canada. C0ticed. Our re Ayers Are now invited Back to Lite a rations of the american array before Quebec. They Ili remember that major general Thomas had been noned com a Rwy in chief of the Continental Arroy is Canada. In was about the latter end of april or the Mcginn my of May that general Thomas joined the army. The Triton it too much advanced to do any Elv Cotua Quebec. Reinfo Remen to from England were daily a and the actual state of the Amer Ica army was such As not to raise the High expectations of their new general. However major general Thomas did Ali that a skilful of Lacer placed in Auch a critic Cai situation could do. He prepared for s second Asau to on the City before the be org could receive any reinforcement from the Mother country. His Pian was to tend a fire Shi p among the Vessela we tilt were then laying in the Harbour of c in the lower town in order to Dinuovo them these vessels were so situate Ihil the conf Lagrano would ext tid to the building in the Vicinity. During the confusion which would necessarily attend Neh a circumstance the Walls of the City were to be scaled on the opposite Side. Accordingly one of the vessels which had own Caput cd from the British the fall cited out is a fire ship Ini during a dark night dropped Down a the tide from Sillery Cove above a Woff and was steered below the City m Herr Mfd. On the night of the sri of May tie Lime appointed for setting lire the elitist vessels and for attacking the City hat Ween the hours of nine and ten at Richt the fire vessel Carne up with the if of wite the Harbour of Quebec. The d Bush who were then expecting their in. L from England Rati to their gov Ernar with the glad tidings of the arrival of Filiip from England. The governor ordered the artillery men to their Coni to Welcome their friends. The ves tii was hailed but no answer was Given. She was hailed a second and a third Lime and threatened with being fired upon if a in fac my answer was not immediately Cifen. Toth great astonishment of the a Yoni englishmen who had believed this of see to be the bearer of boat was Feri leaving the vessel and making Ita Way towards Pointe Levi. A minute at towards the whole vessel was in flames i if Asthon about 200 Yards from Cul de Sif shells grenades Petardi Poti Feu wet very regularly. But unfortunately Twe who had the management of this ship i not then her near enough to Cul de be and had set fire to her Loo hastily to that the did no damage whatever to the English flotilla. Gen. Thomas seeing the Complete Laizure of the fire Ahi a thought fir notto undertake the attack upon the City consequently nothing waa done Ca that evening but to give Bon fir e to in eng a. The american general finding himself Avery critical predicament Reade up Mimi to Raite the siege and the 5ih of May was the Day appointed for that purpose. I happened that on that aame r the reinforcement a o much wished Forby the besieged arrived from England. A six o Dock in the morning a vessel a fired rounding Pointe Levi which prov Aita be the surpre frigate having on Yttri. A Pari of the 29th regiment. The of fifty Guna and the Feria Sloop tit Fri a so the aame Day with detach Nofiro is and a party of Marine. The old its were ordered immediately to 13-a no at twelve o clock gov. Carleton Aiace the arrival of reinforcement Foa great Briu a and More part Icolari from next Day Captain Foster was informed that major Sherburne of the Continental army was advancing from Montreal to the help of the Garrison at the Cedar he therefore ordered 100 Indiana to place them8elve8 in ambush on both sides f the main Road where they remained concealed in the Woods unti the detachment of major Sherburne advanced when they were suddenly attacked and surrounded by the Indiana. After a Sharp and severe engagement the american of Lacer was forced to surrender and was taken with his men to fort Cedars which As we have mentioned had fallen into the hands of the British. This fight Between major Sherburne s detachment and the Indiana took place on the 20th May and lasted about an hour. As soon As the americans had surrendered they were contrary to their capitulation put into the hands of the Indiana who stripped them of their Clothea and wearing apparel and left them in a compete state of nakedness. Two of them were put to death by the Indian who tortured them in the most cruel and Savage Way one of them being Ahot and the other roasted alive. Captain Foster seeing that the number of the prisoners in Bis Banda was too great and wishing to effect an Exchange with the americans required of major Sherburne to the death of Gen. Thomas the command of the army devolved on Gen. Sullivan. The email pox had made consider tale ravages in the american army. And during their re tre at from Quebec they had been forced to leave Man of their suck behind them these had been kindly received by the canadians who hospitably sheltered and gave them Ali the Relief in their Ower Gen. Carleton moved by compassion for those unhappy beings issued a proc Lama Tio n in which he ordered the officer of a Lilia and Ali other Persona in the pro Vince to search for them and to tender them Ali the care necessary to their rest ratio re to health. This immune proc Lama Tati Small land an Ever lasting Monument of Bonorand glory to sir Guy Carleton. In consequence of this proclamation a great number of the americans who Laid concealed in the Woods or in miser Atile huts were brought to More comfortable Quarter where they soon recovered after which they were allowed to return to their Homes. Such generosity and kindnesses scarcely equalled in the history of nations and cannot be too Emch praised Thia honorable trait in the character of gov. Carle ton alone in some measure for his and cowardice in the beginning of his military exp Oita against the Ameri can arms in the fall of 1775. A party of americana to the number of 580 men under the command of colonel Bedel wasted at the clears fort thre e i Tea above Montreal. They had some works of defence consisting of line of pickets and entrenchments with two Field piece. Ont health of May capt. Foster of the Sih British regiment by two subaltern officers left oif Gathie now Ogdensburg at the head of c00 men Canad am and Indiana to invest this fort and to Force the Ameri can Garrison to surrender. On the 15th mar. Colonel Bedel received of the approach of the enemy and instead from the Washington Metropolis. Or. Pitt s prophecy. " let the americans said or. Pitt adopt their funding system and go into their banking institutions their boast a d Independence Vii be a Mere this funding system spoken of yer. Pitt was adopted under the guardian care of Alexander Hamilton a mania a whom Ali the vices of a political Nero were pm Bedie d. English in his principles eng Lish in his l feelings and englith in his vices and if the spontaneous l Fertility and almost end Lesa resources of our Riveri and productive country had not enabled us to Knock of the burdensome chains of Ana Tion Al debt we should have Given the world Long ago a practical Evidente of the depth of our boasted liberties perhaps be fore the Down of a second generation. The funding system we have abolished but our system of incorporated banking on which or. Pitt at that infant period of our National history Laid or great stress is still with us the Sanie thing of Despo Lis m that it was in those lays the same engine of political and social oppress Ion and the same inveterate and deadly foe of human Freedom. If the English states Mari who Thos pre dict de the downfall of american Liberty through the direct and sole Agency of the system of funding and banking could for a few Short moments be Erm Ted to Rise from Bis Tomb and come is and witness the nighty inroads of the lat Ter of these aysies with whal Force might he Point us to the Partia Ful Elmeru of his prophecy. This picture i not the Mere gilded ornament of fancy or High wrought exaggeration it is a Plain matter of fact picture Dran with the Doli every a v Pencil of homely truth. Tons note jts triumphant March Over Law order and the imm Statile code of Equa ii Pitt a probe cd. Meal May talk f f the credit system being the prop and support of our new and land but in that system is to pass Between us and the faint from the n. Y. Spe Dator. Gradual l Advance of Russia towards India. Accounts from Odessa furnish additional particulars of the expedition to Khiva. It consists of 14,000 infantry with the usual proportion of artillery and several Corpa of cavalry whose amount is not Damrad eleven thousand cartels Are employed for the Rori Reyance of stores and Ammu Nitro n. When the russian have Learned the Way from Khiva to Afghanistan which is the next stage in the Road to in Dia. The Stock of cartels will doubtless be increase in for the Campaign against the Iii imn am Lions in that pan of the world. In is not Rue As reported that they Bave reached the tartar capital. Russian intrigue against British inter est is also in ration in the Lonian i Ander ubide Are under the pro Terrion of England the late conspiracy against King Othor ostensibly for the purpose of sop planting the roman Church a been found Tob ave extensive ramification in papera of count Vibrio and Angustia Capo Isiria Bave been put under Seal of Iii those of the Rev aiders must oxide and were seized and Eon vey de to the Palace of the ird . The object of the cons i Raey was to piece upon the throne the Duke of Leuchtenberg son in a w of the of Russia. Of the 2jth january a missionaries were setting out from St. Petersburgh to Parkin in order to relieve their Brethren who sign a Cartel for the Exchange of Bimei Fonow exi8tsjobserve Ira practical Ojera and a Many Tiri Listi in equal rank j and distinction then in Possession of the j americans. Ettac Biz to this agreement As a proviso that either himself his of Lucers nor Bis men should Ever take up Arma against Greal Brita in such were
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