New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - July 6, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut
Henctj maflrersof families are com inoiiljf mprc 'gei>eipus a hofpk-
who hav-e no chiidrenl becaufe/ being acciiilomecl to free and fre-
-ing tii'-eEpenrfj, alio.
coj^ia« CCii>ipaiBpnate by an interell-
ject« J J, we b^cp^ .^f"-:'
ip riMie^iOipRce % fre^u^ ly.ex^rciring eh'^t evil difpofidon.
. ^ihe l^^ibnjwhp poffei^d of an! ~
fare;from. ; ckis^of. beautiful o^ji-ectSj in ^ m ^^iqijijlte degrees sod:who.ha§ increafed/ic by; a frequent lattentiQini to thde iources of pteaiiir^i, vifill enjoy a fuperipricy of i0 other perfons, ia feveral p^rcicpiars. ; He will naiurally af-iemble irt' his memory a large num-bef of th€ objects of tafci thefe objects, being ftrongly reliilied at Hritj and frequently reviewed J, will of neceffity exiftjin hk mim} very clear!yj and diilinctly-s md of caiirfej, he will ever eryoy a v^ry advantageous ilandardj with which, lie may happily coiTipare aU irnitati-ms. and deicriptioss of them.
Such s collection of she objecis ^f thus rel^e^and re^riewedj i0 ihe, imediate af^-iirft mesa of tte. fpec ies of mcoc^i cornpofi tiooj, vjhich is;Cpmrnonly called Inventi-«^B and/IiB^ginatioji;. Invention is iliothingbpt compouiiding the ide-which the, .mind has derived [roni fo as to ibrm
sww imagea^ or pkturesj. out of ^ofe materials. Colour, ihapgj snotiooi, and other qualities of natural pbjectSj. as the corre- ^ ipwdieg cpalitjes- of moral objects,, are capable of endlefs slterationss ^pkigeiBents,. dimiii-udonsj iepara-iions^,. .£|iijibi!jaiioii& and connpofi-iions s by' which they are wrought
^ tirelypf the iia!nd% OY/B-foFniatioiio. :
Compounding thefe ideas '-h the > wliok of what is intehded'By inven-^ tiodj aad'cortTpoundihg thfe diifcr-' ent ideasV impreM by t béaùt-
■ ies of rhc' natural and itioral world, "b rhe^hole.Bf what is caHed-poeii«-
. cal: inY^ntioB pr irpagiiîat^ioo:.. i'e.y^ ; words will beneceÎTary to ibew how
■ great advantages. lot'loteriting ot ■imagining he will poiTds, oyer ail . ioth^M's^ whofe' cdlleçtibh of fûichôb-ijeçts Is îarge^ diftirict', and rtrpng-!ly impreiied. His pictures will ^alî be ftiongiy and clekHy traced, and,' being formed frorn a- great '
jvariety.df material4,will' poiTefs.'a ..
correfpond'mgiVanety;j while, from ' ; the poiTeffion of an accurate" iland- " -ard for comparing his own pictiires, as well as thofe of others, he will almoft neceffarily affimikte rhem i to nature and propriety. . -
It will poiBbly be remarked^ that ithis is adefcription.of Genius, rather than of Tafte. To esplain the diiTerence between genius and leailcj it is neceÎTary sa obférve, ! that the word tpïlç is- ufed^ even ' ' by writers of fenfe^ in , a very loôfe and indefinite manner. It often denotes the reliih, with which we view the beauties of nature and arti often the flcill^ v/ith which we decide. concerning them i and often criticai knowledge of every kind, j This indefimte mode of applying i terms, folong as it continues, will ever be the parent of indiilin£tnefs ! in our ideas.
; As this part of the fubjed mer-! its peculiar at&ntion,, Ï Îhall confi-der it in a future paper s when Ï hope to convince my reader,, that this analyfis of tafte has a real foundation, and that, in%ad of con-fouling taile and genius, is is a nece0ary mean of difcrimiaating happily between them.
At prefem, I ihall only add, that without fuch an aptitude, as is abj&^ementioned,, tafte cannot
ift. "A perfon may indeed jeam fró«i' ingenious writers, or frpiii-converf^non, many jiifl: ippams oí tafte, and^criticiliu,, andiretafl t-hém ' wth propriety and v/idi reputation
but he "dan never feci, he can never - fóíky-t-he beauties, about wKich h&. , converiffs.;. He-cao- ney?£a^emble in his mind tfioíé oi^gináí" objeds^
to be judged of in the nrft Inilancej muft^ 'aec6lli£y l^é. c:0Eop!redk: a word, he can never tafte for him-
m. I l'/-^ -.r-I-íí
In proportion .to the .ex^uifite-jnefs ' of this- apfitiidé- to? reliHl tife '
jbéautiéB^bóvé^Heftribedj ^ l^aj^ tlié !gó¿dné(V of taft^^iíí ánymlndi^ bb iíairly eftimated; 'Perícjfls^lK^ joy this faculty in a fmátf degree^ ¡máy indeed become accurate-critics but they can never become iperfons of tafte^. • Tliéir judgmeat-.of the objects of tapé' proeeeds from" i meitiearning, or réaíoniiig, atié not from any reiifh, or real |>eBeep« tion of the beauties, abput whick j they criticift. Johnibh was- álmoíl ! wholly unendowed wich'this facuK' ! ty, and,- although in many re^e^ I a good Critic, yet hé was by n® Í niéan^ a pierio» of táfte. Théfe re^ marics.will naturallyexplain to us-^ the reafpil, %vhy Addifon's criti« ^ dfms are üfüally more jút^ as ¥/ell ' as more pieafing than Jbhnfon'v Í although they are lefs learnetl ánd' ; metaphyfical.«-—Every reader of tafte will Shd in them a traisn of feelings, and perceptions, ofnatu-; ral beauty, perfedly harmonious-i with his own ? but in Johnfon's^ criticifms, thofe feelings carinot be traced. This alfois the reaíon the uniform warmth, elegance, anti pencil-like beauty of Addifon'skir-guage, the agreeablefigurativenefé and melody of which are a natural refuk, as well as a continual dif-play, of his fenfibility to the beauties of nature. The language of Johnfon^ on the contrary,