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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 19, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta BRITAIN'S GOOD MAN IN RUSSIA Sir George Buchanan, 3ritisH Ambassador in Petrograd, Very Able Diplomat. HIS CAREER LONlG ONE Represents More Than Any Other Man the Typical British Ambassador. By politico's. THE British Ambassador In Russia, the Rt. ITon( Sir Qoorgo Buchanan, has hold that post for tho lost seven years, no is slxty-twb years old And has boon In tlio diplomatic sor.vlceB all Wh Ufo. He may almost bo said to hiivo begun his diplomatic training' In his cradlo, for ho win born at Copenhagen when his fathor, tho late Sir Andrew Buchanan, who wan also a most distinguished diplomatist, was British represon tfttlve thero. As a child, ho accompanied Ms father, who was Ambassador to' Spain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria (among other countries),, pretty#(r g, Buchanan. well all over Europe. Thus he may bo said to have bsen to tho Ambassadorial manner boyn. Ho, himself, has^ind a very varied dlplomatlo carcor. Whtlo still an "under strapper" in,diplomacy, ho was moved from Rome to Tokio, from Tokto to Venice, and from Vonko to Esrno. Everywhere>he learned something, and overythtng ho had to do he did well. In 1S9S he was appointed British Agent to tho Venezuelan Tribunal of Arbitration-e. borth which required the greatest tact, aa-both the Americans and the Venezuelans needod very discreet handling. Later, as Minister Plenipotentiary for flvo yoars at Sofia, ho learned his business and mada his mark, got to understand tho pitfalls of Balkan intrigue, and gathered much Information that, later, was to stand him in good stead.  Looks the Part SIR OBJORGEJ BUCHANAN looks tho part of a British Ambassador to the life. , lit fact, he looks It so well that you almost fancy that he must be a stago diplomatist. Ho is a talj, sparo man, with a high-bred cast of countonanoo, aquiline noso, and firm, well-shaped mouth. Ills manner Is ", that of unaggressive decision- sufve, yet wajy. Ho walks vcryorect-ly,, wears double eye-glasses, and caresses his fair moustache with tho typical long, slim toper-fingered bond that tradition associates with international finesse. More than any other one man has Sir George Buchanan done to change th�, tonor of feeling among tho Russian people from. o. distrust of Great Britain to an appreciation of the singleness of British aims in this war- Ho walked very carefully, in tho days of the former autocratic regime. He kept a watchful oyo on the pro-German suspects In high places, and no Ambassador over kept his Foreign Office batter informed of what was going-on under tho surface. Forrne has tho habit of mind which goes without difficulty or delay to the heart of things, and which grasps by. Intuition tho' v&lu* ot aldoUghtsi. /His' despatches to tho British Foreign Office' Juat,now would, I suspect, moke Interest)Off reading. Sir ^Seyrgo Buchanan Is an excellent speaker, and, were his voice stronger,-would hav� been a. One*orator. HV lias made many spooohos In Russia;, since the war began, and all of them loxcellent nllko in. tone, in tempei^-and In tact. His appeal to Ruasfafijirympathles has bean wide and foiiieful. Ho baa toad, too a difficult pai*B to play all through at Petrograd. One hopes that, after ho has surmounted so many difficulties, his effojrto at keeping Russia solid for the olllaa are mot to- boj-rendared. abor -t*v� now.' #- HE$DS ARMY POLICE J^l/riifc'VGHrt he haa-not been under tie* In thte' campaign, Lord Ath-Juainey/^rho was wcemtly "mentioned In deppatolros," holfla ono of .the moat r^ponslMei positions in the army. Xs Aesistwnt Provost-Marshal, his lorfljjhlp Is bead of the British Army's'.^wlpltnary ftxreo, and la the tairor picture shows (from left to right) Mr. Nell Bain MjsKenzio of Godcrich, and his llireo sons, Donald N., of town, John N, of the 12th concession of Ashfiold, and Roderick. The last named, though ha Is "tho baby of tho family," has a worldwide reputation as "the largest man living." Both "Dan" and John McKonzio oro big men. John standing three or four inches over six feet, wnlch will give tho reader an Idea of the size of their ' littio brother," who Is 7 feet 6 inches In height and weighs 427 pounds. Roderick McKenzIo, who is a native of Ashfiold township, was In Goderich for a few days recently on a visit to his aged fathor. lie. is a member of a show organization and has been in all parts of tho World. Ho was twice presented to tho lato King Edward and carries with him a handsome dagger, a gift from tho late King. He is forty-eight years of ngo. The father ot tho big man is ninety-five years of age, but Is quite active and Is up town cvery day. ago of 1G. Ho did not have the advantages of a, TjUtj attended-a preparatory school. Farm?'! lng, which''Incidentally ho cordially despised, occupied the time between schools seasons.  Handling Billions FINALLY he decided that he want'-' ed to'. bocomo" a banker..,, After several unsuccessful attempts ha secured n Job as messenger in nn uptown bank. It was but a stop to a clerkship, and then to the reoelving teller's cage, :fiVom tllpre he went to tho liberty 3fa�lonal(>Banit,"and at/.27 was assistant cashier of that institution, At 32 he was elected president. In 1909 he was invited to becomo a Morgan partner. The man who has purchased almost HAMILTON POSTMASTER IS ACTIVE IN OFFICE AT 91 Mr. Adam Brown, Ex-M.P., Scorns Superannuation-Perhaps the Oldest Civil Servant in Ontario. throe billion dollars worth of mater-ials.-'of war for tho entente allies, ranging from shells' to shoes, and comprising in the scale everything that a nation needs at-war, was hustling for a living in St. Louis when lie was IS years old. He lis Kdward R. S'tettinlus, former president of tho D(nmond Match Company.! He Is the least known of'the' Moafgn'h partners, as well as one of tho newest. Recently ho has been mentioned for a place In the President's Cabinet. "Very probably, his talents, particularly in the munitions purchasing branch, will be utilized by the Government In the present wnr. Mr. Stettinius Is too busy,to-bo interviewed, and like Mr. Morgan ,snys, "There Is nothing to say about me." Elias Lemon Is Anything But What His Name Implies. PREPARES FOR PEACE President of the Northern City's Board of Trade Showing a Good Example. By W. C. A. MOFFATT. RI3PAREDN13SS campaigns for Ppeaco are being Inaugurated now In different parts of the. empire; Provincial and Municipal Governments, anticipating tho day when KaiseriRm will be no more, are taking steps to switch from military to ivil activities in the shortest, possible time, and with a minimum ot confusion. With this object in mind, Owon Sound selected ono of its best men this year to hrad its Board of Trade. Ellas Lemon, quondam Mayor, and at all times booster, was the choice, and already the municipal Clncinnatus has started In on a program which is designed to land for the northern city a ship-building plant, a dozen or so industrial concerns, and anything else of value that may bo picked up. "The Industry getter" was tho title he had earned by the timo lip vacated tho Mayoral chair about four years ago, and to tho Ijcmon regime tho citizens to-day wont to look buck as to a red-letter period when Owen Sound pushed Its way aggressively Into the Industrial markets of the continent. It was In tho palmy days of tho Lemon regime, that the northern city for the first timo in its history started in on an organized publicity campaign. And all these things happened when local optlonlsts and nntis grappled to tho death, when Elias tho First ruled over a city which then received the name of being the battle-ground for local option in Ontario. Every person in Owen Sound and around it for a radius of HO miles, knows 'Lias Lomon. Throughout tho whole of Ontario he Is also more or less known. Physically, ho is a big man and the. same Brobdipr.agian-like altrlbuatos are applicable to his nature. At anywhere [rom -00 to 300 pounds he tips the scales. His build is that of a young dreadnought, ami his energy that of a torpedo-boat destroyer. An Induitry-Getter AS for his famly, it does not have to be recorded in any Who's Who for the Information of Owen Sounders. The Lemons knocked about HINDENBURG IS A TRUE BARBARIAN Told a Neutral Diplomatist Before War He Enjoyed Slaughter. GRINS, NEVER LAUGHS |A Mistake to Suppose He Was Unknown in Germany Before the War. Elias Lemon. :-By-JOI^^;.'SA3pOJ�r^;.''- All the brtghtv.^aCUve young nonogonari^nS;",a*e; t'not concentrated lrfyijaisteriiit Idntario. The western enrt^f 'the banrier' 'Province can bofcatlqt^i. tewv and -Hamilton has probubiyj^hli daddy ot them all In tho person: of }Slr. AdanviBrown, postmaster, ex-^ip^;.-You db'trt of ton hear of a civil-S^nui't who, scorning to accept' the>'i^ ; spirit; seeing good > ^ri;;" most ;* things; Indeed, op4JmlsW^&K-'one.-'' or Mr. Brown's strong "nojts/' Then, again, he Is a Scot, and what a lot of up In that little wordl A son of Scotia, born, actually, tn Edinburgh, ho stayed long enough there to. acquire a'-rtasto for parrftcli'and grot; n.t';ieaBt, n?- sniff' at hajgglq. At tho tender lage� of soVcn ho brought Mb parents and the rest of the family to Canada, 'dropping off at Montreal: Ifei%..ia^ 14, ;ho want Into dry goods? ten yea-Vs' later found him In Hamilton, then principally a placo of promise, put alluring to the young business mail, wlio turned to wholesale groceries and'sottlod himself as a solid Hnmlltonian, which he* has boon until this day. Away bnok in 1804 ho, with others, hustled for: reciprocity between tho United States and Canada;/and this not coming to a head, ho took a willing part In nursing to/ life: tlio national policy. Those wero tho days; and Mr. Rwvfi^JVA^MWM-''w#i somo Hpoechmuker! Tho glory cojiio in the years 18S7-1891, when by;tbe jrrace. otothe electoratei] ho sat In Parliament. To tivis day is recounted his persistent efforts to get through his bill for the prevention of cruelty to animals, by which, chlofly, he hoped to rid tho country of that blot, pigoon shooting at gun club tournaments. So much for persistency when a principle is at stake! Tho S.P.C.A- and Children's Aid have been' two of his principal hobbies, and really more than hobbies, for In thtso societies he has fought and fought for better caro of children and animals; if (Adam '-Brown hadn't been a Scotchman (and at that lm Is a somewhat different sort of Scot), ho suroly couldn^t help being a Frenchman, .'for ho ha's all the bonhommle, tHe ::.pfo8onal 'charm, tho fluency of speech 'asso61atod with residents of la Kelle: Fhinco. It Is doubtful oven njjw",' were a graceful, smoothly-flowing, yet withal pointed, address wanted, that a better man than tho P,M. could bo found to deliver it. VIVIANI KNOWN IN FRANCE ) AS THE WORKMAN'S FRIEND Head of French Commission in U. S. Is Qualified Socialist-Was . Compromise as President. 1% ' , � By f. c. PAT. EXiS VIVIANI, former Premier apd now Minister of Justice, of Franco, now ip' tho Unlled Sjjjitcs a't the. head of the French War Commission, is a man who peculiarly e.tnbodles tho principles' of liberty, oauality-and fraternity on which'tho French Itepubllc was founded. ,*It Is oh the shoulders of the workers whom ho befriended from the earliest days of his manhood that tho Parisian barrister of Algerian birth and Cor^lcan extraction/ whose pious mollicr jlestincd him to tho cloth of tlie. Ronxan Catholic Church, wns carried to tho high position ho now holds itf^hls .country's political life. Because he saw tho needs of tho labor-tag and! low-salaried classes and of-, i^'red hip help for the readjustment 3|,feoclal 'conditions he wns sent to tho Gjhamber of Deputies at the early ago q*Ithtrty, in 1892, by the Fifth Electoral District of Paris, the College'do iljf$nce, |ho School of Law, where VI-viapl qualified for his profession; 1?-;-�-"- I'MMtlMllwm"1-----'-�' 'V, iB� U. Yiviani. the Palais de Justice, whero ho pleaded civil and commercial suits; the Cathedral of Notre Dame, where his mother had vainly hoped to sco him in purple robes, and the gay resorts of the Latin Quarter. He was returned triumphantly to the Chamber, whero his first outstanding act was to Bccure a favorable vote. In 1S99. on a bill admitting women to the practice of law. Later ho secured the old ago pensions law1, by which he put Into tho hands of every worker ono franc a day after the affo of sixty-five-� which at tho timo was enough to buy his board and keep and raako him feel that ho was not accepting charity from his children, who, in French fashion, would, nevertheless, not bo deprived' of the right of looking after him. So strong grew Vlvlanl's hold upon tho working classes, whom he continues to represent in tho Chamber, that wise old Clomoneoau, upon becoming Premier In 100G, when labor was dangerously astir, put Vivlanl at thb heart of a Ministry pi La.bor, newly created. '�  � : � When' In 1904 the Socialists agreed that something had to bo done to separate the sheep from the goats a-mone thom-^the gojlts boing those who hod broadened the Marxist doctrine and,;; like Vlvlanl's friend niid rival, MUlevand, wero willing to accept offico in n bourgeois Cabinet-- Vivlanl broke away -from tho "unified" Socialists, taking his place with Brland and the "independent" Socialists, and as such ho is still Hated. At tho hnlglit of tho scandal around Caillaux-that Governmental shield-of tho defaulter Itoclielle-when sort-, ous troubles were brewing In Franco Poincare could find no man bettor fitted to copo with the situation tli.-ni Rene -Vivlanl, 'who thus was called to tho Premiership a couple of months before tho war broko-out. But, hotter than any other, Vivlanl himself know that he was a ctun-promiso, an lmprovlscr Inching the goniU8';of (durable .constructlvrne-ss, and that fVance at "war ncoflcil a bulldor- So,,, with, unselfish patriotism, 'Ho'Surrendered his high office into the hands, "of ono better equipped tor tlio needs of the .moment- But his successor, llrhuul, kne\v tho value'of Vivlanl in Council 'as''Weil as the confidence of the massi-H in the "workman's fiicnd." .'iud"ol'Cprud him a Cabinet posi under hUn. which .Vivlanl iiceepteO, , that region when Owen Round wns a. village, and at (ho present time (lie wion of the nice with tho Chrisllnn nam'- gleaned from thn Mid Ti-Kl.-iment is the ( of tin* elan. Heine; the dens ex ma china of the \>Ik produce wtiolesal" house that bears hi;; name, j lSlia.s Lemon's time is taken up in great part with private business, but, no matter how pressing his own affairs, it is a chilly day when he cannot. N'Mierito In n. couple of hours for politics and municipal affairs generally. In politics ho is n. Liberal and. while he has never yet taken the Parliamentary plunge, he Is boinif continually urged to do so. �Whether in polities or crttinc industries, cx-llayor Lemon Is a Mike O'Lenry. Such wa.s his a^arcssive-ne.s* and his success, too, in hauling pl.-uits to Oven Sound between the years of laid and 11M-I, that more than one of his councillors seriously considered resigning-, on tlio plea of too-mueh-work. Council meetings every night were the rule rather than the exception, and wlten tlio spokesmen of tlio people were not delving into rontracts and Industrial by-laws, they were helping entertain the flock of promoters and industrial potentates, who made of the busy northern domain at. that time. .1 sort of summer home. Everything from a malleable iron works that is now doing big biisinesr, in lh" line of munition manufacturing, down to a match factor}' that refused to light, was corralled and much of the credit 1s given to the man who was to the community anything but what his namo Implied. There nro a thousand and one other things that might bo said about Owen Sound's Mayor of almost half a decade ago, such as his securing for his town from King George himself, half a dozen swans, which now decorate the Sydenham, and constitute one of the many attractions of the place, but space Is short and time Is fleeting, and as ex-Mayor Ellas himself, might say: "A little bit of this thing goes a long way." Wth such a man as this guiding the Board of Trade's destinies for tho year, Owen Sound stands a fairly good chance of adding to Its taxation roll the annual contributions to the municipality of tlio ship-building plant and the other concerns for which the nets are now being set. TAKE NOTICE. J]VERY cheerful thought points the way to another. Jewish Emigration to America to Diminish "rpiIE emigration of Russian Jews to tho, United States will greatly diminish," Is the statement made by Sir Alfred SI. M011U, First Commissioner of Works in the British Cabinet, "because conditions tti'uliitide for this emigration no longer operate." Continuing, ho says that wherever the Jew. has received full liberty, ns in the United States or ns in England, ho lias proved himself nn energetic, enterprising, and loyal citizen, excelling in'.-many branches of industry. Ho Is Quoted ns saying that In llussla the revolution brings the promise of complete political emancipation; in Palestine tho. British advance indicates in the near future, tlio realization of. a national', kfeiii which most Jews have held dear for centuries. Sir Alfred Is tho only Jewish member of .the present .Ministry. . By A NEUTRAL DIPLOMATIST. Ir Is a mlBtake to suppose that Itindenbtirg wn� a "dug out," or a man whoso namo was unknown to Germany until the war brought him Into prominence. So far back as tflOS I heard his namo mentioned In well-informed military quarters In Berlin as a general who would havq a prominent command In tho German army in tho event of a big European war. I first met tho general at a dinnerparty at tho Foreign Office In Berlin about twelvo years ago. I was introduced B.crx>Bn tho tablo to him by I'rince Billow, who was sitting next to Hlmlonburg. Tho general's mouth wns full, as It usually Is whsn ho is sitting with anything to cat before him. Ho grinned, and when ho had swallowed what was in his mouth, wns about to say something to mo when he apparently changed his mind, grinned at 1110 again, and went on with the business of eating. irindenburg. by the way, always grins when amused. I met him on several occasions, but I never heard him laugh, no matter how amused he was at anything. Ho expresses his sense of amusement always by a grin, nnd nbout his grin there Is something distinctly satanic 'i'he only subject Illndonburg could talk on with any degreo of Interest wns war. It wns easy, once he was comfortably settled in his chair In tho evening, and had his pipe under way, to start him on tho subject. "W Glories in Killing AH" he said, "Is the natural occupation of a soldier; when not engaged In fighting, however, ho may bo occupied, ho la occupied uselessly. Pic is llko a barrister without briefs or a surgeon without patients." Then, after a pause, and puffing at his big meerschaum pipe, he went on: "In the next European war you will seo killing on tho biggest scale you ever saw before. It will be a war not between nations, but between races-Teuton against Slav. It will he a war without mercy, as war ought to be. Barbarians understand war, better than we Europeans. Thoy have no rules, no code, no conventions in war. Kill your enemy In any way you can, and when you have killed him In sufficient numbers so that he can no longer resist you, enslave him-that Is the barbarian theory of war, and it Is tho right one." Hindonburg hated Russian*. When talking to me at Hanheim ono evening, he said: "I have never met a Russian that I should not take a pleasure in killing. I hate them, and If I Ilvo to command our armies against them In the next war I hope I shall kill thousands of them-I look forward to killing them with pleasure. NOT A TALKER f^ALL and well-proportioned, -irltto a fresh and open expression. Lord Lovat, who has been appointed by Sir Douglas Haig to superintend the forests in France which the French Government have placed at our disposal, ir. a fine type of the Scottish Chief. The hend of the Clan Fraser is ona of the most seasoned soldiers at tb* Front. Formerly in the 1st Lite Guards, his name will always be associated with the raising of that splendid body, the Lovat Scouts, which did noble work during the South African Campaign, and who have been equally successful In -the present war under his lordship's brilliant command. Lord Lovat is essentially a man ot action. Probably tho shortest speech that has ever been made in either of the Houses of Parliament Is credited to him. It consisted of no more than 16 words! THE LINOLEUM KING ,NE of England's great business men who is not at all known to the public Is Lord Ashton, the "Linoleum King," who has recently been appealing on behalf of his trade ta the Lancashire tribunals. His lordship Is tho greatest linoleum manufacturer in the world, and derives from his business an Income reputed to be $2,500,000 a vear. "What makes this all the more remarkable is tho fact that this enormous fortune has been made tn the lives of himsel'f and his father. Tho latter wns a working painter, James Williamson''by name, who opened a little shop :at Lancaster, land added picture-framing to house-paliitlng. He was a shrewd, energetic littio man, who lot no chances slip by.. When nn enterprising "YoJikoo" Invented American cloth, or oil-cloth, ^Vijlianison'borrowed the idea and Improved ort it. Instead of tho American cloth backing he used powdered cork, and thus linoleum was iu4m- duced to the world, '^ ;