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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 19, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME X.. .LETHBKIDGE. ALBERTA, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1917 NUMBER 135 SINGLE MEN, 18 TO 30, TO BE CALLED SHORTLY SEPARATE PEACE NOW Personnel of New Coalition Government is Announced - Appeal is Made'to Army. WILL DISCIPLINE THOSE Wll6 DESERT Population Alberta Is 496,000 Petrograd, via London, May 19. - The government ami democratic parties have agrood to dlstribiiiu tho, portfolios o� tho new cabinet as follows: Premier and Minister of Interior, Prince Lvoff. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tores-t-htenko. -Commerce and Industry, Konova-loff. State Controller, Godneff, socialist. Labor, Skobuloff. Justice, Perevelezoff. ' Food and Supplies, Pieschehonoff, socialist. War and .Marine, Kerensky. Finance Sliingarofi. Posts and Telegraphs, Tseretell. Ways and CommiuiicaUons, Nak-1-askoff. Kducatlon, Manuiloff. Professor Grimm is appointed Minister for Affairs concerning the trade constitutent assembly, and Prince Shakhovsky, secretary of tho first duma, is Minister of Public Aid. Rejects Separate Peace. Pctrograd, May 19.-A'la London.- The provisional government declared today that It was .united in the reaction of separate poaco aud that it adopted-as Its aim. the re-establishment of a general peace which will not tend either to domination over nations or to soizuro of their national possessions, peaco without annexations or indemnities. Discipline For Army.  Petrograd, May 19, via London.- Minister of War Kerensky, address- j jng a congress' of peasants announced his determination to introduce iron discipline into tho army, lie made un irapassionod appeal for support in restoring tho morale of Russia's military forces , and a great demonstration occurred after he finished his address. Tho delegates carried him on their shoulders to his automobile. Appeal to Army. Petrograd, May 10.-Via London, May 19.-Minister of War Kerensky 1ms Issued tho following order of the day to the army: "The country is in danger. Kach one must do what lie tan to arort tho peril. Xo request to bo allowed to resign made by officers in high command, with a desire to escape responsibility at the time so grave, will bo accepted by mo Deserters are enjoined to return to tho army and tho fleet by May 28th. .All infractions of this order will be severely p'unishod." Ottawa, May 18.-The census and statistics office announced that the population of Manitoba, as shown by the census taken as of June, 1916, was 553,860, compared with 461,630 in 1911, and of Alberta 496,117, compared with 374,663 in 1911. The results of the census of Saskatchewan, the same date, will be issued shortly. IS NO GENERAL. DESIRE FOR A CHANGE! GOVT. Provincial AdministratioTT'Has Been Satisfactory to the General Public Austrians Leave Isonzo Section Rome, Mny 19, via London, May 19.-Auslriii litis ordered nil civilians lo evacuate Hie Isonzo section, in which the Italian troops are steadily forging ahead today. Trieste is panic stricken tit the approach of the Italians, according lo word received here. All banks there^have been closed and government oflices and leading business houses have hurriedly shipped till orders lo Vienna. Loss of Town London, May 19. -The loss of Monte Ktlk is admitted by Austrians in the oTlicial statement issued by the Austrian war office on Friday. Take Important Post Rome May 19. via London.--Ilalians yesterday reached the crest of Hill 032 in Vodice, says today's slateme'nt. These positions are the key to the Austrian defences north of Monte Santo. GOVT. TO TAKE Ottawa. May 19-(Special to the Herald).-The Dominion government is preparing tq take over and operate I he coal mines of Alberta, if no settlement is reached soon in the present strike. This is reported here on good authority today to have been a statement made by Hon. T. W. Cro titers, minister of Labor. OP TO BE ADOPTED TO DRAFT REENFORGEWIENTS MAJOR-GENERAL PERSHING Who Has Been Authorized to Take a U. S. Division to France. SPAIN IN EARNEST. Canadian Army Headquarters,- May 1!).-;(By tho Canadian overseas correspondent)-Following up yoster-day's bombardment of the electric station at Avion, patrols froin-the division heading our lin^ at this point explored the enemy's position. His trenches �were found to bo heavily manned in evident anticipation of an attack. Patrols bombed them, and In view of their crowded condition, must have in flicte'd considerable caaualtlos. Throughout tho night tho*' enemy was restless on tho soctof to the left of tho Canadians. His guns put up a heavy barrage qn tho front held by tho British as well as the' Canadians �west of Lena. Berlin will doubtless report that nnothor dosporato attack on the defences of Lous lins been ropulsod, whereas tho whole affair consisted of one small raid by the British' and patrol engagement by the Canadians Tho mornlo of tho enemy on this front is suffering under flro of our heavy artillery. ? ? ? > ?  ? ? ? "j1 > ? ANOTHER ENEMY ? OF GERMANY : Washington, May 19.-Nicar- soverod diplomatic relations ? * > > > COOUWEATHER IS OF GREAT BENEFIT MOWI 140 ARE MISSING Cameronian, Carrying British Soldiers in Mediterranean, Is Torpedoed PALATIAL YACHT IS DONATED Baltimore, May 17. - Captain Isaac" Emerson stated today that he had boughtvthe palatial yacht that he-longed to Iris late soa-in-law, Alfred Gwynne Vandorbilt, who was lost in tho Liisltania disaster, and had presented It to the government with tho stipulation that it be put into the patrol service of Chesapeake ' hay during the war. ' London, May 17 (Delayed by Censor).-It is oTtlcially announced that the transport Cameronia hag. been sunk. One. hundred and forty men on board are missing. The Admiralty Statement, , London. May 17 (Delayed).- The Britsh admiralty isues the following Btatemont for newspapers on Saturday: . "The British transport Cameronia, with troops, 'was torpedoed by an enemy submarine In the-oastern Mediterranean on April 15. One hundred and forty men are missing, and are presumed to have been drowned.. |\ "The survivors of the Camoronia say the vessel was torpedoed in fine, calm weather in the afternoon. The submarine was not seen. Seeding All Completed-Much Rain Needed for Stubble Crops Winnipeg, Man., May 19.-Four to five degrees of frost were recorded last night over many parts of Manitoba and Saskatchewan and cool weather prevails in Alberta. The cool wave follows an unusual and continued hot spell over most Ojf the spring wheat area of Western Canada, and will prove of great benefit to-,the crop, as there was danger of/ too rapid growth. The check administered will cause the plant to stool out into a sturdy root growth. Practically all wheat seeding is now completed in-tho Canadian prairie west, and well within the limit of safety. This is due to the remarkably fine weather that has prevailed for the past two or three weeks, enabling the farmers to get on with their wdrk without interruption. Tho total area seeded to wheat is therefore much greater than seemed i possible alter the late spring opening and probably when final returns come in it will sh'ow but a slight decrease over last year's acreage. But an .unusually large proportion has been seeded oh stubble, this being due to the conditions of last fall, when very little fall plowing was possible. Generally speaking tho seed bed was In first class condition, but the rains are wanted soon. PTE. 0. LOCAL SO*, IS T ACTION Son of Prominent Man Pays Supreme Sacrifice-Was a Student for Ministry Single Men of 18 to 30 Will Be First Called Up-Local Boards To Be Formed To Handle Enlistment-Premier Borden Makes Strong- Speech Announcing (iovcrnnient' Decision. SIK WILFKII) SAYS CANADA MUST t STAY IN THE WAR TO THE FINISH Newspaper Comment on Selective Conscription: Montreal Gazette, Montreal, A*ay 19.-The � Gazette, commenting on, the introduction of compulsory military service measure, says: "ConscriptlonJs not a thing to ojieer'for, nor to bo chosen for itself, it 1b what at this time of crisis can give tho country the ' armed strength that is necessary to the salvation of the oajise it has taken up'. The country has necessary other sacrifices It hus'been Willed upon to make, the saino" spirit must be accepted in this latest.1 There is no other way. The government has done its duty in proposing the measure. The people must do theirs In accopting and making it effective." Toronto Globe, Toronto, May 19.-Commenting on Sir Robert Borden's announcement of conscription The Globe this morn-fng Bays: '"The ravages of war; have, rendered obsoleto tho principle's of national service'that passed muster a year affb. .There Is but one course no^'to pursue if' the honor of Canada is to bo preserved until the war is ended, Canada must be a nation In lirmB. Those\ who will not volunteer must bo made to serve'. � ' '  "Fighting divisons of Canada must bo reinforced by. Canadians.''.. Mail and Empiro. f The Mail and Empire says: "There will be rejoicing in the Canadian lines in tho war area when two words of Sir Robert Borden's speech of yesterday are flashed to tho front- the words "compulsory service." . Sir Robert says the time has come for resorting to selectjve drafts to maintain our four divisions throughout the wan, "^Voluntarism has done well In Canada but not .well enough". Canada must not ler its artillery dwindlo because volunteering has come to an end," ' La Patrle.  Montreal, May 19-La Patrie (Conservative), says: . "Grave and inevitable determination which the government has reaehod will doubtless be received in our province with .; the same spirit as iu other provinces. In,the hours of anguish through which wo are passing the Canadian poople can have but: a single heart and single deslro, the triumph of the causo,u of right and justico over Gorman barbarism. Winnipeg  Free " Press. V The Winnipeg Free Press says' in part: "Premier Borden's announcement . will * luring a message of cheer to the men battling today In the Hindenburg line. They will feel (Continued on Page 6). -- THREE MONTHS' TOLL OF THE SUBS London, May 19. - Three hundred and seventy-one British vessels havo been sunk in three months since the admiralty began issuing statements without giving tho tonnage of vessels. In that period over 65,000 vessels havo entered or left British ports. 1 . Today brouglit the dreaded .message to the horde of another Lethbridgc soldier. Pte. DuneaitvMcNabb, son of Mr. and .Mrs. Donald McNabb of North Lethbridgc has been killed in action. Ho mot his death some time between April 2Sth and 30th in the heavy fighting in which tho Canadians were engaged at that time. � Pte. Duncan McNabb enlisted with the Kilties. He'was the oldest boy of the family, but many of his relatives are now at tho front, Pte. Murdoch McNabb having been reported as wounded only a few days ago. Pte. MeNalib's father. Donald McNabb, is well known in the city, having been connected with mine labor circles for years, and having also boon a member of the legislative assembly for Lethbridgc for some time. He also sat. on the ^council for a number of years. Pte. McNabb worked for a time on the street railway system. At the time of 'enlistment he was preaching at Parkland as a student in the Methodist missions. . Nephew Killed R. A. Wright this morning received word that Pte. Elmer Wright, his nephew, and son of Robert Wright of Medicine Hat, had been killed in action. Pte. Wright was in the United States when the war broke out and came to Canada to enlist. He was killed at the battlo of Vimy ridge. Sergt. W. Hudson The message reached W. T. Hudson, Purple Springs, today,-telling of the severe wounding of his son, Sergt. William' Hudson, iu the fighting in France. Sergt. Hudson, who had just been recommended for a commission, was shot in tho abdomen. He enlisted with a Medicine Hat regiment; and is well-known through the country east of Lothbridgo. N. P. IS EMPLOYING WOMEN. Ottawa, May 19.-The Morning Citizen says that with the details yet to be determined the measure of- selective conscription to be Introduced by the government would be by classes and probably along the following lines. First-Single men of 18 to 25. Second-Single men of 25 to 30. Third-Married men of 18 to 35 without dependents. Fourth-Married men with dependents. The Citizen says: "Very probably there will be a proclamation calling on all men within certain ages to enroll or to show cause why they should not do so. Local board will likely be created to attend to the work. In the selection of various classes called in the order indicated, there will be consideration given to the class of work now being done. Men engaged in vital industries of the country, while not totally exempted will be considered with reference to the value to the state of their existing occupations. Attention will be paid to the needs of agriculture, of transportation, of munition factories and similar activities, but, as stated, there will be no entire class exemption. In England jthey started that way and slackers swarmed to � safety first jobs. -" - '-r-hftti Possibly in the event -of over' plus of recruits resulting from application regard will be paid to past performances and results in localities In question. ALLIES WILL FREE JERUSALEM BY THE END OF JUNE Terrible Persecutions of the Jews by the Turks Is > ' Continuing �>*.: : ? : � o > * $ >  > * ' TORPEDOED WITHOUT WARNING London, May 19.-The British, steamship Highland Coroie was torpedood without warning on May 111, Five members of the crew and three passengers were killed by -the explosion. : - �� ,- - ---------.. � A. MARKETS Cash wheat ......... ....... 280 Local track wheat ____*..... 258 October, wheat ............. 220% Local* track oats...........05% October oats ----... ........ 62|/8 May) flax ..............1____ 309 V- WEATHER High....................>... Low............ : ,. Forecast-Few scattered s> but for most part fair with ' temperature. ' :c'f .38 vers, .flher Missoula, Mont,, May 17.-The employment of women In positions formerly occupied\by men at the-Northern Pacific stations has already been begun here; Several women have been hired to work in the car shops cleaning the interiors of the coaches. Other jobs are open in the machine shops, but as yet no women have applied for the positions. London, May 19. - Indications are that allied forces will occupy Jerusa-lonrby the end of Juno. It is believed probable that they will find it in ruins. Reports continue to come from Palestine telling of tho Turkish persecution of the Jews. Hundreds of young Jews have been driven from Jerusalem ajul scattered over a wide territory with deliberate intention of forcing them to starve and succumb to sickness. Even the massacres of the Armenians palo before the latest outrages perpetrated by religious fanatics. Wherever the Jews have attempted to defend their homes in the Holy City, they have been taken out and hanged. French troops aro co-operating with the British for the advance on Jerusalem which is to be resumed presently. PAY IN RECORD INCOME TAXES San Francisco, May 17.-Income taxes, paid into the internal revenue office here since May 7 total $2,409,007. the greatest amount evor collected hero in the same space of time, it was announced today by John M. Piatt, acting collector of internal revenue. Pershing to Lead First U. S. Force to Battlefield Washington, May 18,- President Wilson tonight directed that air expeditionary, force of approximately a division of regular troops, under command of Major-General John .1. Pershing,' proceed to Franco at as early a date as practicable!.. General Pershing and stuff will precede the troops, Tho army law provided for an ultimate force of approximately two million men to back up tho first troops to go to tho front. When the bill had been signed, the president affixed his name to a proclamation calling upon all raon in the country, between tho ages of 21 and .10 inclusive,, to register'themselves for military'service on June 5 next. The proc- lamation sets in motiou immediately machinery that will enroll and sift 10,000,OOCumen, and pave the way for selection of tho first 500,00(1 young, efficiont soldiers without crippling the industries or' commorco of the nation or bringing hardship "on those at home. Teddy Must Stay at Uome. Washington, _ May 18,- Colonel Roosevelt will hot be permitted to raise his volunteer expedition to carry tho United States flag against, the Germans in France. Signing the war army bill tonight, President Wilson issuod a statement to this effect, saying that ho was acting under export advice from both sides- of ..the water. Sir Robert's Announcement Ottawa, May 18.-Canada is to havo compulsory military service on a selective basis. By this method it is proposed by the government to raise an additional force of from fifty to one hundred thousand men to maintain the Dominion's fighting force at the front up to its present strength and state of efficiency. The announcement was made tonight by Sir Robert Borden at tho close of a two hours' speech, descriptive of tho proceedings of tho imperial conference and imperial war cabinet which Sir Robert has been attending. He also announced that an imperial conference would bo held after the war to consider the matter of the constitution of the empire. The imperial cabinet, which is to meet yearly, is to be a consultative body, which will not involve any sacrifice of autonomy of the dominions. Sir Robert said that he had return-�d to Canada impressed with the extreme gravity of the situation; and with a sense of responsibility for the. further efforts of the Dominion at the most critical period of the war. It is apparent, lie said, that the voluntary, system would yield no further substan-, tial results. '"""Not Finished This Year "I. have no confidence that the war will be finished this year," said Sir. Robert. He said that Canada now had  fduf-divisions at the front. For the; present, there' were sufficient' re-ln-forcements but four divisions could, not be maintained without thorough provision for future requirements. "If these re-inforcements are not supplied what will be the consequences?" asked Sir Robert Borden. "The consequences will be that the four di-' visions will not be maintained as we'-desire it but will dwindle to three. The three will dwindle to two and Canada's effort, so splendid in this war up � to this time, will not be maintained, as we desire it to he malntanetl. "I think that no true Canadian, realizing all that is at stake in this war, can bring himself to consider with toleration or seriousness any suggestion for the relaxation of our efforts. The month immediately before us may bo decisive oven if thp war should not. end this year. Germany is bringing  into play during the preusot season tho last ounce of her manhood. What have we done in this wayf We have' sent 326,000 men overseas im the Can--ad inn expeditionary force. Including , reservists in the British and allied armies, the men enlisted for naval defense, 360,000 men at least have left the shores -of Canada. It is a great, effort, but greater still 1b needed. ; ' "Hitherto we have depended upon voluntary .enlistments. I myself', ed to parliament that nothing but vol- -untary enlistment was proposed by tho , government, but I returned to Canada impressed; at piico. with the extremo gravity of the situation, and with the sense of responsibility for our further efforts at the most critical period oE the, war. It is apparent to me that � tho % voluntary system will not yield further substantial, results. I hoped that it' would. The government has , made every effort within its power so far as I can judge. If any effort to stimulate voluntary recruiting still remains to bo made I would llke^to know what it is. The people have co-operated with the government in a most splendid jnanner along the line of voluntary en-  listment. Men and women alike have interested themselves in filling up tho ; ranks of regiments that were organized. Everything has- been done, it seems, along tho lines of voluntary enlistment. All citizens^ are liable to  military service for tho defence ot! their country, and I can see that the battles for Canadian liberty and ecou- : omy are being fought today on the plains of France and Belgium. . > There are other places besides the ; soil of a country itself, whore tho -battles for its, liberty or the existence of ' Us institutions can be fought; and, I venture to think that if this war should end in defeat, Canada in all the years to1 come, would be under the shadow of Gorman military domination, "That Is the very lowest to which ; we can put it, I believe the fact cannot bo gainsaid. "Now the question ariBes as to what [ is our duty. 1 repeat, once more, a j grave responsibility rests upon those who are entrusted with the atlmlnls-: tratlou ot public affairs. ' j "But they are not fit to be entrusted : with the administration of public at-1 fairs if they shrink from any resnqn- j sibilily which the occasion calls'. for. I-If the cause for which we 'tight is what' I .(COXWNUBD OS. �.AQB O'X 80 9427 ;