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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 23, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1917 THE LETHBKIDCJE DAILY HERALD PAGE THIRTEEN Conservation of Underground Waters Needs Govt. Regulation Remarks by Arthur V. Wliito, Com-mluBlon o� Conservation, Ottawa. Tho lnrgor tiliyRiotil prolilomg connected with this vltnl problem of providing adoquato watar supply for the [urmorR, lmvo already been comprehensively outlined by tho experts ivlio hnvo boon making apeclal flold researches in Southern Alberta. I ahull, thereCore, very briefly refer to tho need for proper conservation of the sources of underground water supply aftor the name have been tapped. Tho necessary moans for offect-Inn this conservation must bo provided by governmental agency. Whether it ho fodcral or provincial action, It is imperative that legislative measures bo enacted and tho means for tno enforcement of same be provided without delay. Underground waters are by no mennH inexhaustible. On all hands we ;irn hearing of tho oxliaustlon, or threatened exhaustion, of natural resources-tho timber, tho pulp wood areas, the anthracite coal fields, the natural gnu fields, the soil's fertility, the inland fisheries, etc., etc. Tho groat lesson to be learned is that no jiatural resource is Inexhaustible, and that prodigal use of resources is bound to bring sorry retribution. Wilful waste makes woeful want is as trtiti today as in tho days of our forefathers. The farmers of Southern Alberta must definitely reckon with the fact that their underground water supply is limited, and further that it Is In the common Interest that all strive to hoc that wasteful use of water by some dees not occur. All waste is an injury to tho community as a whole. Let us consider some of tho possible effects which tho diversion or waste of underground water may havo upon agriculture. Of tho nnnual rainfall upon the earth, about one-half la evaporated; about one-third is "run-off"-that is, it runs off over or through the ground, and eventually readies the sea; and about one-sixth either joins the ground-water, or is taken up into plant structure or Is otherwise absorbed in processes incident to tho ground. Underneath tho surface of the earth is a vast body of water which may be likened to an underground lake, called tho Kround-water. It is Into the upper surface, frequently termed the water table, of this ground-water that wells arc sunk for domestic and other water supply, it has been estimated that, if all the moisture resident in the upper luO feet of tho ground were collected, the amount would be the equivalent of a lake of water some 17 feet deep, i. e., the equivalent of about 7 years' rainfall. During periods of plant growth, this ground-water yields, chiefly by capillary action, part of its moisture to the plants; and then during seasons of excessive rainfall, is again replenished from tho rninfall. The annual fluctuation in level of tlie ground water-table under normal conditions is but a few inches. Such states as Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Southern Michigan and the Hahotas, havo, it is stated, already o.vpcrlcnccd alarming and permanent rccedence in the levels of their ground-waters, and a consequent diminution in crop production. Large sums of money havo been expended by the federal and state governments in the United States, on the Investigation of the occurrence and flow of underground water, and It is now being more and more recognized that proposed disposition of the run-off, and under-ground waters, should be considered together, because of a nat- cxistB stweon nrnl balance that them. It is easily possible to so divert some channels or watorcourses as to allow much of the ground-water to bo lost, nnd consequently, cause permanent damage to a largo expanse! ot territory. Oroat waste and carelessness havo been manifested In many localities by the users of the underground watorB. In the smaller towns more especially in the oast, where the domestic wells furnish tho water supply, it lias frequently been observed that, when somo deep trench, as, for ex-amplo, a cut for a new ^sower or a mine shaft, has been excavated, tho underground wators have " drained away, thiiB "bleeding" the adjacent territory and causing tho wells of the neighborhood to go dry. Tho lessons that may be drawn from such Illustrations should not bo forgotten In considering our valuable underground waters, when viewed locally or with respect to their provincial or larger areas. The following statement relating to tho underground waters of Southern California is Instructive. Discussing this subject at the socond conference of the engineers of tho United States Reclamation Service, F. C. Flnkle said: Much investigation has boen carried on to dolermine the extent of the underground water supplies In Southern California. All investigators have reached about the some con elusion, that the supply produced by nature, annually, for tho' replenishment of these reservoirs Is limited. While it Is considerable in years of abundant rainfall, it becomeB almost nothing in years of minimum pre cipitatlon, and a mean must be drawn bo that the reserve supply Is not withdrawn to such an extent as to imperil this resource. Up to the present time this has been much neglected, and the haphazard and reckless way In which promoters have attacked the underground water sup ply of Southern California has demonstrated the necessity of future retrenchment. A great number of cases may be cited where one company has obtained a supply ot water by under ground development, soon to find that someone else would follow them and either take nway a portion or all of their supply. Cases of this kind he came so numerous that the matte had to be brought to the attention of the courts and much expensive litigation has been the result.'1 Of this ground water, the late Dr W. J. McGee, who was secretary of the United States Inland Waterway Commission, states "It is the essential basis of agric ulture and most other industries, nnd the chief natural resource of the country; it sustains forests and all other crops and supplies the perennial streams and springs and wells UBed by four-fifths of our population and nearly all of our domestic animals. Its quantity . is diminished by the increased run-off due to deforestation and injudicious farming. Throughout the uplana portions of the Eastern United States, the average water-table has been lowered ten to forty feet, so that fully three-CAh. TWO-Add Water Conference, fourths of the springs and shallower wells have failed, and many brooks have run dry, while the risk of crop loss by drought lias proportionately increased, and tho waste through the Mississippi has increased over fifteen per cent." In the face of such facts it will be realized that it would be imprudent to ignore the claims which the ground-water supply has upon Its proportion of tho rainfall. Certainly, watercourses and tho sources of their supply should not be ho disturbed as to cause a serious permanent, depletion, or pollution, ot the underground wators. Upon this point, therefore, it is necessary that the amounts, movements, and functions of tho ground-water In any district ho studied In connection with nny general scheme devised for the utilization of the water In that particular tdrrlto.-y. It must be evident, therefore, that the efforts being msdo by the Lethhrldgo Board of Trade to havo areas of the Provinco technically examined for water supply deserve tho fullest support. Tho underground waters of Canada, in some places, aro now bolng tapped, and not Infrequently, wasted. State after stato, in tho United States, has enacted laws designed to conserve tho underground wators. A main feature of such laws has been the regulation of the flow by actually limiting tho size of the pipe through which ordinary domestic and farm water supply may be taken. Sometimes the law states that the supply shall be taken through a plpo one-half of one inch in diameter which shall be furnished with a Btop valve. In some stntes the penalties for violation of the law relating to underground waters are severe; for oxam-ple, in the State of South Dakota. "If any person complains that the proprietor of an artesian well, or the party controlling such.well, is In the habit .of letting the waters go to waste, the Township Supervisor, County Commissioner, Itoad Overseer, Alderman, or other City officers may enter upon the premises where the well Is located in order to determine whether the complaint Is Justified, and may institute criminal prosecution in case violation of the law is ascertained. If the well is without valves to regulate the flow and prevent waste, the person owning the well may be fined up to ono hundred dollars, or bo imprisoned not more than three months in Jail, or both." Laws regulating the use of underground waters are needed in the province of Alberta and in the other provinces In Canada. At the present time farmers and others are tapping these underground waters, and in some cases where "gushers" have been struck, tho valuable waters are per- mitted to run to waste continuously. This should not be nllowed.. The government should requlro all flowing well*'vto he registered along with an adequate! description of each; and It. should compel all bucIi wells to he securely capped and the flow released, na required, by means of proper sized, pipe and valve. I trust theso comments, thus briefly and suggestively adapted for the present occasion, will make It clear to all that there should be such governmental administration of underground waters as will result In their most efficient use, while at tho same time affording each user his proper share of this great natural resource. FAREWELL SERVICE AT WESLEY; The services in Wesley church tomorrow will mark the close of the pastoral term of four years of Ftev. O. H. Cobbledick.' who has boen tho first pastor of the new church. As tho Masonic fraternity of the city attend In the evening for their annual sermon, Mr. Cobblodick'8 farewell message to the church will he given at the morning service, and. his parting words to the public at large in the evening. Any families desiring children to be baptized will have the privilege at 4.15 p.m., in the church. MAXIM GORKY PROTESTS. Petrograd, June 22.-The Novoe Vremya prints a big advertisement from an .unnamed corporation which declares it haB assigned $20,000,000' for the purchase in Russia of antiques, pictures, porcelain and tapestry. Maxim Gorky has a furious protest describing the plan as "robbery of our national resources." He demands a law similar to that in Italy forbidding the export of works of art. GENERAL BROADWOOD DEAD London, June 23.-Announcement Is made that Lieut.-General Robert G. Broadwood has died of wounds received in action. "The Bed-Spring with the Backbone Tlir biggest thing yet on beii'ipring.! Two Springs in One'1 No Rolling to the .Centre Guarantees 20 Years of Sleep Comfort ' "at year Ask toF^8*%r dealer's The Alaska Bedding Co. Limited Makers of Bedsteads and Bedding I Calgary "WINNIPEG Regina "AImW cm an article means High Grudt E*my Particle** 126i i Canadian Pacific Railway General Change ot Train Times Sunday, June 24th, 1917 Effective Sunday, June ,24th', the. Summer Schedule .will'come into operation; The following are among the more Important change*: LKAVE XETinJKIDGE: daily ��,-.'. .;; ' To St. Paul, Montreal and Inter-,' mediate;points;;...... 1.45 a'.rri.i DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY To Toronto and all intermediate point* ............... 2.40 p.m. DAILY To Spokane, Nolsoif and Intermediate points. .,.... ,4.20 a.m. To Calgary 2,25 a.m. For further information re changes In train service, phone 512, S. B, MITCHELL, Ticket Agent, Lethbrldge Ad. S. Make Mower do More Golly! I'm Thirsty" " I've worked mighty hard pushing that old lawn mower. Now for the basement and a cool thirst-quenching glass of Order a case to-day from your grocer, druggist or confectioner. Put up in quarts, pints, half pints, or in casks. By the way, this particular MALTUM enthusiast couldn't wait to finish the lawn e.l.drewj 23 Winnipeg! BEEN SEI FREE Calgary, June 22.-According to a message received by Twendie & JIc-Gllllvray this uftcrnnon. George K. Duck, formerly president of the {Hack Diamond Oil Fields, Limited, who was sentenced to four years In Edmonton penitentiary for conspiracy to defraud In connection with the Hale of stock of tho Black Diamond compnny, has been froed by the Supreme Court of Canada. The appeal, which was carried to Ottawa by A. A. McGillivray, of the Calgary firm, has been allowed, the message states, and Tluck will consequently he set free at once. The appeal was based on tho ground that Buck hod been convicted on a different charge from one on which he was extradited after jumping his ball here and going to Wichita, Kansas. TENDERS WANTED Canadian homes have for over eleven years been steadily using Insist on the red, white and green package. It is the original. Sealed proposals will he received at tho office of The Southern Alberta Land Company, Ltd.. until 2 p.m., June 30th, 1017, for work as follows: For the construction and completion ot earth embankment at tho Little Bow reservoir, and for the excavation and completion of the Little How reservoir Inlet and outlet canals, involv ing the excavation of approximately one hundred and twenty-two thousand (122,000) cubic yards of material, as indicated by Schedules 1, 2 and 3. The work is situated: (Schedule 1) 'S7"E.*'-%^oLiSe.ctlon 30, Township 14, Range 20, West "of the Fourth Meridian. (Schedule 2) N.E. V* of Section 28, Township 14, Kange 20, West of the Fourth Meridian. (Schedule 3) S. E. % of Section 19, and N.W. Vi of Section' 17, Townaliip 14, Range ID, West o� the Fourth Meridian. From six (6) to ten (10) miles"'south and southwest of Travers, Alberta. Specifications and assistance respecting the work may be obtained from Mr. 3. L. Franzen at Vauxhall, Alberta. For specifications and general Information apply at the office of the Southern Alberta Land Company, Ltd., at Medicine Hat,'-Alberta. The Southern Alberta Land Companv, Limited, D. W. Hays, Ad. P. Chief Engineer. The Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co., Limited. Head Office and Factory: London, Ont CORN FLAKES queen's UNIVERSITY KINGSTON ONTARIO ARTS MEDICINE EDUCATION APPLIED SCIENCE Mining, Chemical, Civil. Mechnnical and Electrical Engineering, HOME STUDY Art* Course by correspondence. Degree with one year's attendance. Navigation School December to April Summer School Jar/ ud AiwiHt IS CEO. Y. CHOWN, Registrar tofie Emblem Efficient School Summer School TO- School v/ill he in session all year. Boys and girls who are really in earnest should start to school now, and be ready in the Fall for positions -when other students are just beginning their courses. HOURS DURING JULY AND AUGUST 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.-No Afternoon Session. Garbutt Business College PHONE 1315 411 EIGHTH ST. S. LETHBRIDGE BAR FIXTURES FDR SALE All bar fittings and mirrors in the bar at Lctlibritic Hotel. Suitable for lunch counter or restaurant. APPLY J. h. LEE ROOM 16, DOMINION BLOCK mo $25.110 m $21.50 Buy War Savings Certificates rn �wt tti*> m htt ! nit �tf ftf � H'.MIm m ttcnttt im l0|l V Ita^ll tlttttl|Htol>TlMllM. in iMttf �m� r* f" �ar �i nba cunneiTfi itmi to toM*ant*i *t in. irt ltd, whim Sll W.MIu4UlmiKUHt> Metotturi*. Iitofcxt totorttl ralv* Help Canada Maintain Her Financial Freedom ! Do Your Share towards Financing the War with Canadian Savings Rather than with Outside Capital. THE problem of meeting the enormous cost of this war is two* fold. Not only must Canada get the money-most of it, of course, as loans-but she must get as much of it a* possible here in Canada. We can carry the war-debt if the bulk of the interest goes to Canadians, and so is used again in the country's development But it will be a serious matter for us if a. large proportion of the interest has to be sent outside the Dominion. For the sake of our own and our children's future this drain on our, resources must be avoided! Canada's financial freedom can and must be maintained ! An average saving of 15 cents  day, invested by each man, woman and child in Canada in War Savings Certificates, would enable us to carry the whole cost of the war. To approach this average, hard work, thrift, self-denial and sacrifice are required of every citizen. For each $21.50 you lend the Government now, you will receive $25.00 in three years-or you can get your money back at any time. Certificates are issued in denominations of $25, $50 and $100, and may be purchased at any Bank or Money Order Post Office. 22 The National Service Board of Canada, OTTAWA. ;