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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 23, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta DO YOUR BIT IN THE RED CROSS CELEBRATION HERE, DOMINION DAY iVOLUAIE X. LETI-IBKIDGE. AL-BKKTA, SATl'UDAY, JUNE 23; 1917 NUMBER 164 LOCAL MEMBER SUPPORTS CONSCRIPT ILL AT OTTAWA PROTEST PLAN TO Labor Men In England to Confer on Resolution Opposing Conscription DEMAND CONSCRIPTION OF WEALTH, FIRST An Explosion Kills 1000 In Austria Amsterdam, June 23.-More than 1,000 persons were killed or Injured or are missing In consequence of an explosion In munition factories at Bloeweg, according to the announcement made in the lower house of the Austrian parliament by the minister of defence as forwarded in a dispatch from Vienna. London. Juno 23.-A highly import-lint, conference of the triple industrial alliance of miners, rallwaymeu and transport workers lias opened In London to consider a resolution passed by the executive committee of all throe unioni! declaring: "We observe with misgivings the attempt to introduce the principlo of compulsion. Wo warn responsible officials of the danger of efforts to destroy trade unionism by labor conscription declaring Hint for cvery""rca-son favoring the conscription of men ten reasons exhst. favoring the conscription of wealth and property." Delegates present represent 3,000.-000 organized workmen. Addresses indicated profound dissatisfaction bo-cause of the suspicion thai plans are being perfected contemplating the wholesale conscription of labor. The following resolution was adopted unanimously: "The conference considers that conscription of wealth should have pre-coded conscription of human llfo. and accordingly it demands a test registering of wealth and property in order to J prepare for real equality of sacrifice." WITH II RESULTS President Marnoch Reviews the Benefits to Be Derived From Conference *T RELEASE PLIES FOR m REPRISALS Airships Needed on Battlcfront And Cannot Be Released to Deliver Reprisals OF MORE STRATEGIC I VALUE IN BATTLE j TO OF YORK GIRL Bologna, .Tune 23.-Alfredo" Cocchi today confessed to the Italian authorities that he had murdered Ruth Crug-er in New York. Cocchi said he murdered Ruth Cruger in a fit of furious jealousy because ho failed to win her love. Alfredo Cocchi went to Bologna from New York in February, after the disappearance of Ruth .Cruger, -a girl IS years old. When the girl's body was discovered in the basement of Cocchi's motor cycle shop in New York, Police Commissioner Woods cabled to Italy nsklng for the man's arrest on a charge of murder. This "was followed by a request to the same effect by the state department at Washington and Cocchi was arrested on June 20. He at first vehemently protested his innocence and insisted that he had left America on account of trouble with his wife. The man's nerve broko down after he was placed in solitary confinement, although ho retained a lawyer and announced his Intention of fighting extradition. There �was/some question as to the possibility of his being returned to this country due to the Italian law which requires Italian citizens to be tried in Italy, oven for "offences committed abroad. (Special to the Herald) Macleod, Juno 23.-Sheriff McDonald received startling news by wire today that his son George had dropped dead of heart failure at Steltler, where he was employed with the P. Burns company. He had not beon previously ill, and his sudden demise came as a great shock. Sheriff and Mrs. Mc-Donnld loft on this morning's train for Stettler. The young man was about 30 years of age. JACK HIS GETS L Mr. A.'N. Fllraer recolvod a clipping this morning from an Old* Country paper stating that Pte. Jack Hlnks who enlistod with tho H3rrt Battalion had boon recommended for (ho military medal. Pte. Hlnks, who is pnly 10 years of ago, was in Dr. Gibson's office bot'oro onlistlng, Ho was also n, member of St Cyprian's choir. Before leaving tho old country ho was a member of Lady Harris' JJoy Scouts of Favcrshan1 "I am very well satisfied with tho whole of the proceedings at tho water conference yesterday," said President Marnoch of the Board of Trade * Herald this morning. "That does not mean that I think all the farms that have not got water supplies today will get plenty of water-this week or next woel^; for when you remember that yesterday's meeting was just a stock-tailing of what has taken three and a half years to arrive at, you see that patience and perseverance are the watchwords." As far as securing water supplies is concerned there are throe ways: 1. Catching and holding; 2.. Finding; 3. Leading. As to the first, I think many farmers have not given enough attention to catching and holding water from the roofs of their buildings. I am sorry that most of the farmers who came to tho conference had to get home to do the chores, and were unable to hear Dr. Seymour's excellent and practical hints on this subject last night; but I understand the "Herald" will print extracts from his* address that will be helpful. The doctor kindly offered to send a bulletin on this subject, "Conservation of rain water" to anyone who would write to the Public Health Department of Saskatchewan at Regina. Under this heading, too, it was mentioned by several of the speakers that reservoirs in this country where there is quick evaporation should be made narrow and deep and not broad and shallow. As to the second, finding water. That is necessarily slower. Mr. Dowllng has beon working at this for two years past, and ho has put before us valuable informatiohN as to the field for artesian water. But there is not so much information available as we want about underground water nearer to the surface. . I hope it may be arranged that we can get several of those small boring machines made availablo for discovery of water at depths down to a hundred feet or so. The use of these in certain districts, with the results. o*| the borings carefully recorded, will do more for us than a whole host of water diviners. Then as to lending the water, Mr. Peters ohowed us what irrigation ditches would do in this direction, and in course of tho discussion of somo of his remarks it became clear that a sum of money comparatively small in relation to the bonoflts that would be derived, would be suillcient to carry a big volume of water from the Milk River up by Stirling into the Etzikom Coulee and so into tho Pakowki Lake, that would provide a stream of living 'water through a very large district. Besides what could be got from this by direct approach, there would no doubt be seepages to the sides that would help well wator supplies. Similar benefits will come when the Leth-bridge Northern Irrigation project is gone on with, as we hope it will be, after tho war. One other source of supply that we hope may be taken care of is the reservations that the conference requested that there should bo made along tho rivers, lakes and coulees. If the provincial government will join hands with tho Dominion on some plan wtieroby the Dominion will keep the lands in reserve and the province will acquire road approaches to them, wo shall he one other step nearer to the solution of part of this big water problem. Not the least benefit that will come from the conforonco is the acquaintance that the men of science made with oacli�othor. The gqologistB, the engineers and the publlo health men, and tho agriculturists mot oach other, and each gained' something from tho other that will greatly help southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta. The farmors met with theBO gontle-men, too, and were very well satisfied that -thoy are all hoartlly interested in giving them the very best sorvice that they-cnu, �..-.-., London, June 23.-Public agitation for the adoption of air reprisals against German cities as a reply to recent Zeppelin and aeroplano raids of Groat Britain has been the subject of several private conferences between military and political loaders here. The hope was expressed at these meetings that public clamor would not override the saner strategic considerations, and that elaborate systems of ^reprisals would be postponed until the assistance of American airmen is available. It has become a question whether the number of skhl'id pi lots and powerful jnaeliine.s required can be spared without impeding far more important military operations. Although the British admiralty flying corps has a tremendous number of airplanes and maintains aerial supremacy on the battle front, it must be remembered that, the recent months has been devoted exclusively to military operations. Diversion of even a small number of these eyes of the army would create a serious problem. CANADA'S ORDEAL London, June 2.1.--The Times In an article under the heading. "The Ordeal of Canada." defends the position of the government, of Sir Robert Borden on the military service act, now being debated in parliament. The Times says: "Nothing but symriathy can be felt for Canada in the ordeal through which she is passing. The conscription bill has revealed a deep division of opinion in Canada. We have not the slightest doubt that Sir Wilfrid Laurier passionately believes everything he says against tin-conscription bill, but. unhappily for him, the war bus a way of riding roughshod over the most, respectable of traditions. Sir Robert Borden and his colleagues bail not all along wanted conscription. They resisted it as long as they could but at. last they are convinced that, there is no other way of keeping up the proper supply of men for the Canadian army in the field. When once they came to that conclusion there was nothing for them to do, in honor, but to bring in a conscription bill and stand or fall by It. That is tho answer to their opponents demand for a referendum or sufficient answer and is worthy of just pride of Canada in the men who have fought and are fighting for her and for the empire." Russian Morale Improves I - Potrograd,. June 23.--In spite of disorders at Sebastopool and anarchist threats here, there are indications of marked improvement In the situation with the growing support of the government and growing animosity against the forces which make for disintegration in the army. Desertions Cease. London, June 23.-The Times correspondent at Russian headquarters cites General Rrusiloff in support of his own observation for the assertion that a marked improvement has occurred in the morale of the Russian army in the last six weeks. He says that desertions have practically ceased. Three Liberal Members Make Strong Speeches in Support oi* Measure-W. A. Buchanan Says He I rged Men to Enlist and Could Not Face Them if He Did Not Vote Tor Conscription. SOME LUKEWARM MEMBERS ARE NOW SWITCHING ROUND � ,j. ,j, ,;. > , > S. ALBERTA CASUALTIES ? Southern Alberta casualties ; > today, include P. G, Rapley, > -: Blairmore, J. H. Lobbari, Cham- > Co. He is general manager of the Nicola Valley Coal Co., Ltd., and interested in vnrious other companies. 11 LUUIViS TIE STATES Fight On Measure tp Prohibit Use of Grain For Alcoholic Liquors Washington, June 23.-Prohibition as a war measure loomed up as a big issue in the house today with a sharp fight promised before the final vote on the food control bill, which is expected by tonight. The contest was centered on whether the section of the bill authorizing the president to limit, regulate or reduce the supply of food materials or foods used in making alcoholic liquors shall be changed. Most of the drys favor absolute prohibition of the use of grain for beverage purposes during the war, but are divided over pending proposals to accomplish this. QUEBEC M. L. A. DIES. Montreal, June 22.-Joseph Alcide Dupuis, M.L.A., (Montcalm), died suddenly today at St. Jacques de L'Achl-gan, in his 52nd year. MUTANT RESOLUTIONS URGING That the drill test is the only true test of underground water supply. That t1,e governments should undertake these tests for the benefit of the farmers; That ' efforts should be concentrated, on making the drilling of these test holes as Inexpensive as possible and the best way to do this is to use the rotary method of drilling; That no water witch or water machine has yet been developed which is in any degree efficient or to bp relied upon; That the provincial government road department should aid in the construction of surface reservoirs in places along road allowances where roads must be -built across coulees; That a law should be passed forcing drillers to keep a log of every well and uend It to the government; .. That a law should be passed making it unlawful to allow any 1 artesian wells to flow unchecked, as the conservation of underground waters is Important, being In fact the most important of all our natural resources; That, the laws gyoerning the pollution of streams'should be enforced In connection with settlers living along Irrigation canals; That farmers should/ take greater pains to conserve the rain water from roofs, waste In this direction being one of the worst forms of waste In Western Canada. That farmers should endeavor to conserve surface water for. stock by building reservoirs and dams In coulees. ler water conference, but they do not cover the fact that scientific, engineering and agricultural authorities, including the farmers, have been aroused to the need of more concerted action to bring about results which will tend to the solution of farmers from the Great Lakes to the Rockies. The subject tackled by the conference was rather abstract, but before the end came tho delegates got down to cases* and to put it in the words of Dr. Seymour, commissioner of health for the province of Saskatchewan, "the problem of water supplies on tho prairies of the province lias been advanced years and years. We will get action now." At tho afternoon Bession.F. C. Nun-nick, agriculturalist of the commission of conservation, read a paper on "A Farm Water Supply Survey," in which he outlined the need of such a survey, which was really the only means of bringing to the problem the attention it deserves and the united action of authorities empowered to deal with It. Dean Howes, of the College of Agriculture, Edmonton, dealt with the question of agricultural engineering, showing that it has three phases, dealing with road making, irrigation and drainage. Iirconuection with the need for roadmaking, he said it sometimes costs as much to got a bushel of grain In effect the above about summarizes tho conclusions of yesterday's sessions of the more and hot- MARKETS Spo^ wheat................ 244 Local track wheat ........ 22a October wheat ............. 20014 Local track oats............ 6V/B October Oats.............. 59^ October flax............... 276 WEATHER. High........................ 63 Low .........................38 Forecast-Fair and moderately warm, few,scattered showers. from the field to the elevator as it does to get^ it from the elevator to the markets" of Europe. The coming generation must be taught to overcome this. Irrigation and drainage go hand In hand, and are both important In Alberta.. He felt the need of a better agricultural engineering course at tho university and hoped public bodies would impress upon tho university authorities this need that it may bo met. Ho also wanted to see the college doing more research work along such lines as were being discussed at the conference in order that the farmers of tho province may get the information they seek without paying hard for it by experience as so may have done in the matter of well water. His address led to a resolution moved by Messrs. Dunham and Lund, being passed by tho meeting, asking the university authorities to institute such a course as had been outlined. A letter was read from President Murray togethor with a roport by Dr. Adams on tho problems of securing an artesian supply of water for the districts of tho northwest. Tho report seemed to indicate that Southern Alberta was more favored in tills regard than any other part of the prairies and the Honorary Advisory Council of Scientific and Industrial Research will turn its attention to other channels in endeavoring to solve the water supply problem. Quito a discussion was started by papers by K Ainsworth of the provincial government road department, and F. H. Peters, commissioner of irrigation, over tho possibilities of conserving surface moisture by tho construction of dams in coulees and of reservoirs in other places, especially along, irrigation ditches, Valuable pointers wore given to the farmers who hope to solve their troubles in this way. Siipt. Fairfield, of the Ex- (CONTINUKD ON PAGE SIX) Montreal, .tune 23.-The Gazette's Ottawa correspondent says the speeches in the commons of Hugh Guthrie, F. F. Pardee, George Mc-Craney, Geo. P. Graham, K. W. Nes-bitt, and W. A. Iluchanan "or Sir Wilfrid's following," are expected to bring "some wavering colleagues into line in favor of compulsory service." It is doubtful, the correspondent sayn. if Sir" Wilfrid will have a prominent supporter west of Ottawa with him on the division except Hon. Charles Murphy and Hon. Frank Oliver. He will have a few others of less prominence from Ontario and the west who represent constituencies opposed to conscription. The correspondent add;; that most of the members of these provinces will follow the lead of tiie leaders who have declared their intention to vote for the compulsory service bill. "Quebec French-Conservatives who will oppose the conscription measure j-wil! not carry their opposition to enforcement. Their position is that if the bill becomes law, they will advise their constituents to ohey the law. In voting against the conscription bill they claim to represent the sentiment in their constituencies, but will accept the verdict and will not encour-jage further opposition." Some Strong Speeches  Ottawa, June 20.--Members of par-' i liamcnt who favor conscription had i the day to themselves in the com-! nions. Three Liberals who spoke ari-i nounced their intention of voting for j the military service act, while two Conservatives did likewise. They were I Sir Thomas White and W. C. Cock-j shutt, of Brantford. ; The Liberal supporters of conscription mingled their approval of. the principle of the government's bill with considerable criticism. They were Hon. George P. Graham, W. A. Buchanan, of Medicine Hat, and E. WJ Nesbitt. There was less criticism in the speech of Mr. Buchanan than the others. He announced when he rose that he proposed to stick to a discussion of the bill. He said he had been instrumental in sending a good many men to the front, and he wanted to stand by them. He wanted to be able to face them when they returned. j Mr. Graham, while regretting the necessity of differing from his leader, believed that in this instance Sir Wilfrid Laurier was wrong. In the past he believed he had nearly always been right. He did not want a referendum because he thought It the intention of the government to hold an election, and this would give the people the opportunity to have their say. Sir Thomas White believed that by the passage of the bill alone could Canada do her full duty to the empire and the soldiers at the front. Replying to demands made by Mr. Graham for wider taxation, the minister of finance said that the government could be depended upon to bring in such measures of taxation as would be-necessary to meet the cost of tho war. W. F. Cockshutt said that if the government did not. do its duty, in enforcing the bill when passed, it could not count upon his support. Mr. -Nesbitt thought the house should adjourn and all tho members conduct n recruiting campaign for a fortnight. TJlis might niako tho compulsory enforcement unnecessary. The proposal to hold Saturday sittings was deferred until tho first Saturday in July. Mr. Buchanan's Address W. A. Buchanan, of Medicine Hat, said hp intended to avoid discussion of any matter except-the bill itself. He did not feel that lie had any right to cast reflections upon any other provinces, although his own province of Alberta had done well in recruiting, but he pointed out. that no poison had been spread broadcast in the westorn provinces as had been In the province recently referred to in the. debate and If that poison had been spread in other provinces, the situation .'with' regard to recruiting might have been very different. Fight For Our Existence "I am in favor of conscription," he said, "because, this is Canada's, war and we are lighting for our own defense and our own exlstence._ We must give the last man ami the last, dollar if necessary to win this war," Mr. Buchanan said ho wished the members of the house were irrihued with the spirit of the young men at the front. They were proud of the part they were playing.: "I cannot conscientiously do anything but back, up those men who have, gone to'the front," declared Mr. Buchanan,  "be- cause I have stood on platforms and; told them to go. If I did not back" them up I could not face them when they came back home." Conscription Necessary Mr. Buchanan said that as far as ha was concerned he was willing to give voluntary recruiting another test, but there should lie no delay. On a question of a referendum he differed with his leader. He did not believe in tho referendum on this question. He con-, sidered conscription necessary, and ho wanted to declare himself absolutely, in favor of it. He would face his people on this issue and take the consequences. He thought that the men.: who were sent forward oil conscription would be thankful in the end that they had been forced to enlist and proud that they had participated in the war to save liberty, justice and dem-i ocracy. Heavy Income Tax Coming to the question of taxation Mr. Buchanan said: "We must have taxation which would hurt the- peoplo and force them1 to realize they were:) undergoing a strain. The people should be taxed until it hurt. They should deal with the men who were shirking their duty at home." He strongly favored a" heavy income tax. A National Govt. In closing he said it was our duty, to try and establish a government' which would represent all classes. There should be a government with a labor man on it and a real representative of- the farmors. There could not be a successful prosecution of the war unless there was a government which had the confidence of the whole people. Oliver Wilcox moved the adjournment of the debate. Labor Disputes Are Holding Up Supply of Munitions-More. Regulation Urged Montreal, June 23.-"Labor conditions render it increasingly difficult," say tho June circular of tho Canadian Bank of Commerce, "to meet tho continued heavy demand for munitions. Loss of time through trade disputes and desultory work are as groat an obstacle to fill the utilization of tho country's industrial resources as actual shortage in the supply of labor. Unless some more effective regulation of labor is introduced which will bring about more regular and more permanent service it may not be possible' to sustain the present volume of exports oJLmanufactured goods, essential as it is to the maintenance of our financial position. Labor and ocean transportation difficulties are perhaps equally responsible for the falling off in exports which wore less in April" by $21,000,000 than imports for that month, fit'Bt unfavorable balance sinca February 1915." ATTACKS FAILED Paris, June 23.-Continuing their offensive on the Aisne front tho Germans last night made repeated atr tackB in the region of Vauxallon. and .southeast of Filalne. They also multiplied their- efforts against tho French positions north of Freltlmont, where they failed yesterday. Today's official statement says the Germans make considerable' sacrifices without . gaining the slightest advantage. German Report., Berlin, June 23, via London.-* . France's position southoast of Filalne ; on a front of 1% kilometres 'and 500 metres deep was captured,.yestQStjny�', by German troops, army hea.dgua'rt^B, ; announced today. ' Prisoner! "Ho^in*" number of 300 were takeu. 32 02 06280176 ;