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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 21, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE SIX THE LETHBRIDC.fi DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1917 ITEMS OF INTEREST TO FARMER Keep the Potatoes Growing (Experimoiitnl Farms Nolo; Many arc growing potatoiM in Canada tilts yenr for tlm lirst time-, nr.' ft result oC th(! src^itly inr-re^sr-il mini-] bar of growers tho 'Top will prolv! ably ba grently Increased. Uut to insure a pood crop thrro must bo an nbtindanco of moisture in tlm sou, mill the tops must bo protected from insects find tHsensp. I Cultivation | Tho soil pboiibl be liopt, cultivated \ tvitlx the cultivntor or hoo until the tops meet sufficiently to slindo the ground. As most of tlie tubers develop in the threo or four inches of soil nearest the surface, and as tlio tubers will not develop well in dry-soil, quite shallow cultivation is de-j slrable nt this season of the year. In i soil which is dry there may bo good [ development of tops but there will be few tubers. The roots in such cases have gone down deep into the soil to obtain moisture but the tuber-hearing stems, which nre quite different from the root system, do not develop well. Where the soil is n loose, sandy, loam, hilling is not necessary and', may be injurious, as the soil dries, out raore than if left on the level. In heavy soils it is desirable to hillt the jotatoes as it will loosen tho: soil and the tubers will be shaplierj than when the ground is left level.! Vv'hen there is sufficient rainfall and; moisture in the soil, hilling is likely to give best results in all kinds of: soil as the soil will be looser and ] the tubers can push through it readily. As a greai development of tubers lakes place du.-iu-; the cooler and! usually moister weulher of the lattsr' part of summer, it is very Important: to keep the plants growing well until | then. In one experiment it was ; shown that during tho month of Pop-ter-'ber there was nn increase of 119; bushels of potatoes per acre. j Protection of Potato Tops From' Insects I It Is very Important to prevent the! tops of potatoes from being eaten by' insects, particularly by the Colorado1 potato beetle. The old "bugs" do not do much harm to the foliage, as a rule, and usually tho plants are not i sprayed to destroy these, although the fewer there are to lay eggs the j less difficulty there will be in destroying the young ones. These begin to] eat rapidly soon after hatching, and; tiose Wiitci: ihculd be kept so that \ the vines may be sprayed before much harm is done. Paris green kills more rapidly than arsenate of lead, but does not adhere so well, and in rainy weather it is desirable to have something that will stay on thej loaves so that they will be protected until it stops raining" and thus prevent the tops being eaten. At the Central Experimental Farm a mixture of Paris green and arsenate of lead is used in the proportion of S ounces Paris green, pounds paste arsenate of lead (or 12 ounces dry arsenate of lead) to 40 gallons of water in order to get the advantage of both poisons. It may be that it is not convenient to get both poisons when either 12 ounces of Paris green or ?. pounds paste arsenate of lead (or lVj pounds dry arsenate of lead) to 40 gallons water could be used, or in smaller quantities, say 1 ounce Paris given to !! gallons or ."'f. ounces paste arsenate of lend or half that quantity of dry to 3 gallons of water. An experiment conducted for six years nt tho Ontario Agricultural college. Uiielph, showed that, on the average, where tho tops were sprayed to kill "bugs," the yield was lSti.9 per aero, while when the tops were not sprayed and allowed to be eaten, the yield was only OS.2 bushels per acre. It is desirable not to stop with one spraying which usually docs not kill all the bugs but to spray several times, if necessary, so that as little foliage as possible is eaten. Protection ot the Potato Plants From Late Blight and Rot In sonic years the crop of potatoes is much lessened by the Into blight disease and when rot follows little of the crop may be left. It is, therefore very desirable to prevent this disease from spreading. This is done by keeping tho plants covered with Bordeaux mixture from about thej first week of July, or before there is any sign of the disease, until September. Sometimes the first application of Bordeaux mixture is made before the potato beetles are all killed when poison for them may be mixed with Bordeaux. While the disease is not very bad every year, it is well to bo prepared. There was an average increase per year of 94 bushels of potatoes from spraying with Bordeaux mixture in three years. The formula for Bordeaux mixture for potatoes is 6 pounds copper sulphate or Milestone, 4 pounds freshly slaked lime to 40 gallons of water. While the bluestone will dissolve more quickly in hot wuter; if it it not convenient to get this. It may be suspended over night in a cotton bag ia a wooden or earthen vessel containing four or five gallons or more of water. The lime should be slaked j in another vessel and before mix-1 ing with the copper sulphate solution should be strained through coarse sacking or a fine sieve. The copper sulphate solution is now put into a barrel, if it has not already been dissolved In one. and enough water added to half fill the barrel; the slaked lime should be diluted in another barret with enough water to make half a barrel of the lime mixture. Now pour the diluted lime mixture into the diluted copper sulphate solution and stir thoroughly, when it is ready for use. The concentrated lime mixture should not be mixed with the concentrated coper sulphate solution, as, if this Is done, an inferior mixture will result. If the barrels are kept covered so that there is no evaporation, stock solutions of the concentrated materials may be kept in separate barrels throughout the season. It is important to have the quantities of lime and copper sulphate as recommended, but. in order to be sure that enough lime has been used and there is no danger of burning the foliage, let a drop of ferrocyanfdo or" potassium solution (which can be obtained from a druggist) fall into the mixture when ready. If the latter turns reddish-brown, add more lime mixture until no change of color takes place. Preserve Eggs Eggs Can Be Kept In Good Condition for Several Months in a Solution of Water Glass or Limewater. Janet Young at Chautauqua Sweetheart of the Northwest" Coming With Comus Players March, April. May nnd .Tune are tho months when tho hens of the country produce, about 70 per cent, ot the lay of the whole year. These uro tho months, also, when the thrifty housewife who has her own hens or who can draw upon the surplus supply of a near-by neighbor puts away in wator glass or limewater eggs for next autumn nnd winter. To Insure success, care must bo exercised in this operation. In the first place, the eggs must be fresh, preferably not more than two or threo days old. This is tho reason why it Is much moro satisfactory to put away eggs produced In one's own chicken yard. Infertile eggs are best If they can be obtained: so, after tho hatching, exclude roosters from the flock and kill them for tho tnblo as needed. The shells must be clean. Washing an egg with a soiled shell lessens its keeping quality. Tho protective gelatinous covering over the shell is removed by water, and when this is gone the egg spoils more rapidly. The shells also must be free from evon the tiniest crack. One cracked egg will spoil a largo number of j sound eggs when packed in water glass. Earthenware crocks arc good containers. The crocks must bo clean and sound. Scald them and let them cool completely before use. A crock holding G gallons will accommodate IS dozens of eggs and about 22 pints of solution. Too large crooks are not desirable, since they increase the liability of breaking some of the eggs and spoiling the entire batch. It must be remembered that tho eegs on tho bottom crack first and that those in the bottom of the crocks ] are the last to be removed for use. I Eggs can be put up In smaller crocks and. the eggs put in the crock first, should be used first in the household, j Water Glass Method I "Water glass" is known to the ! chemist as sodium silicate. It can j be purchased by tho quart from druggists or poultry supply men. It is a pale yellow, odorless, sirupy liquid. j It is diluted In tho proportion of 1 part of silicate to 9 parts of distilled water, rain water or other water. In any case, the water should be boiled and then allowed to cool. Half till thu vessel with this solution and place tho eggs in it, being careful not to crack them. The eggs can be added a few at a time until the container is filled. Be sure to keep about 2 inches of water glass above the eggs. Cover the crock and place it in the coolest place available from which the crock will not have to be removed. Inspect the crock from time to time and replace any water that has evaporated with cool boiled water. How to Use the Preserved Eggs When the eggs are to be used, remove them as desired, rinse in clean, cold water, and use immediately. Eggs preserved In water glass can be used for soft boiling or poaching up to November. Before boiling such eggs, prick a tiny hole In the large end of tho shell with a needle to Keep them from cracking. They are satisfactory for frying until about December. From that time until the end of the usual storage period-that is until March-they can be used for omelettes, scrambled eggs, custards, cakes and general cookery. As the eggs age the white becomes thinner and is harder to beat. The yoke membrane becomes more delicate and it la correspondingly difficult to separate tho whites from tho yolks. Sometimes the white of tho ogg Is tinged pink arter very long keeping, in water glass. This Is duo, probably fo n little Iron which Is In tho sodium silicate, but which apparently docs not injure the egg for food purposes. Limewater Method TjimewRter is nlso satisfactory for preserving eggs and Is slightly less expenslvo than water glass. A solution Is made by placing 2 or 3 pounds of unslaked lime in f> gallons of water, which has been boiled nnd allowed to cool, and allowing the mixturo to stand until tho Ilmo settles nnd tho liquid is clear. Tho eggs should bo placed In a clean earthenware jar or other suitable vessel and covered to n depth of 2 Inches with tho liquid. Remove the eggs as desired, rinse in clean, cold water, and use inimedi ntely. MANURE AS FERTILIZER Equal Results Secured With Fresh and Rotted Manure. GEESE GOOD GRAZERS Geese can bo raised in small flocks on general farms, on pasture or nonproductive land, nnd do not require any material amount of grain. Low, rough pasture land, used for pasturing other stock and containing a natural supply of wator offers the best conditions. Many geese are kept in tho south to kill weeds, especially in the cotton fields, and their use could well bo greatly Increased for this purpose. They nre good grazers and will do well on grass and forage crops alone, except during the winter months, when they may be fed largely on available roughage, such as clover, alfalfa hay, silage, cabbage, mangel wurzels, or any waste vegetables. If the grass or forage is limited it may be supplemented by light feeds of common or home grown grains. Geese do not need sholter except during cold winter weather, when open sheds may be provided. Goslings are not usually hatched until good pasture is available and need additional feed only for a few weeks. The range of pasture used either for goslings or for geese should be large enough so that the grass will remain clean, or the stock should bo moved frequently to fresh land. Coops, barrels, or some other dry shelter should be provided for the young goslings. Geese are very hardy and free from diseases and insect pests. Perhaps ono of tho most romark-nblo results obtained In our experiments with fertilizers lias bcon the discovery that, as far as ordinary farm crops are concerned, fresh and rotted manure, applied nt tho same rate, have given practically equal yields, Tho explanation for this Is not easy to find, since rottod manure weight for weight, Is very considerably richer In plant food than fresh manure. It probably lies In the hotter Inoculation of the soil with desirable micro-organisms for the conversion of soil plant food Into as slmllnblo forms by tho fresh manure and tho greater warmth set up by Its fermentation in tho soil affecting beneficially tho crop In Its early stages. But, be this as it may, wc have tho practical deduction that | there is no concomitant gaia from the use of rotted manure, in tho ordinary farm rotation, for tho labor Involved in rotting it, and the largo losses in organic mattor and plant food that inovltably accompany tho operation. Tho quicker tho farmer can get the manure into tho land or onto the land the bettor, for it is never worth more than when first produced. Tho manurial value of clover need not be dwelt upon at any length. Our work in this connection Is fairly well known throughout the nomliiiou. It has been of an exhaustive naturo and has yielded most satisfactory results; indeed, it would be difficult to overestimate Its value to Canadian agriculture. Chemically, physically and biologically, the growth and turning under of clover improves the soil, and we have been enabled to demonstrate over and over again that a crop of clover in the rotation has a manurial effect equal to an application of farm manure, ot ten to fifteen tons per acre.-Dr. F. T. Shutt at Eighth Annual Meeting of Commission of Conservation. FIRST AID There recently rushed into a police station � youngster very much out of breath Who gasped out to an officer: "You're wanted-down-down in-In our street-tin' bring nn ambulance!" "Whntfs tho trouble?" 'demanded tho policeman, "and why bring an ambulance?" "Bocbubo," tho kiddie explained, "mother's found tho lady that pinches our doormat!"-Baltlmoro American. some commercially prepared breakfast foods and is obviously less expensive. THRIFT THOUGHT Don't throw away stalo bread, madam housewife. It can bo used In many, ways in preparing your family's meals. Hero la ono; Breakfast Rusks Dry or slightly toast slices of broad and ends ot loaves on the back of a stove or in a slow oven. Crush with rolling pin and servo the fragments with milk or croam and sugar, and fruit, if desired, as a breakfast food. This product closely resembles SENTENCED TO ONE DAY IN PRISON FOR FORGERY HUN SUPPLY PLANS ARE DESTROYED. London, July 19.-The capture of German ships in the North Sea Is regarded by the admiralty as far more than the mere destruction of a certain number of enemy merchantmen. It has put out of gear an important branch of tho German supply arrangements. Lately about 30 Gorman ships 'have been employed in carrying coal from Holland to Sweden, in payment of Swedish ore imported along the Baltic. This iron trade, about a million and a half tons last year, was most important to the Germans, as it was needed for shells and guns. It is impossible for tho allies to interfere directly, as ore ship3 keep to Swedish and Danish territorial waters, and Russia is unwilling to attack them. If the supply of. German coal by the North Sea routo is interrupted, it is believed Germany must transport by rails. This very seriouB increased burden of rail facilities is already ' nearly outworn and taxed to tho ut-: termost carrying munitions and the | Roumanian harvest. So the naval Incident is held to be of considerable strategical importance. London, July 1".-David Nowton Craig, aged 24, a Canadian soldier, who pleaded guilty at tho last sessions to a charge of forging and uttering chocks to the amount of ,C7fi, was today sentenced to ono day's imprisonment. Craig, who, before enlisting, was a stock broker, came from Montreal with a Canadian battalion. THE C.P.R. GIVES YOU TWENTY YEARS TO PAY An immense area of the most fertile land in Western Canada for sale at low prices and easy terms ranging from 811 to $30 for farm lands with ample rainfall-irrigated lands up to $50. One-tenth down, balance if you' wish within twenty years. In certain areas, land for sale without settlement conditions. In irrigation districts,loan for farm buildings, etc. up to $2000, also repayable in twenty years-interest only 6 per cent. Here is your opportunity to increase your farm holdings by getting adjoining land, or to secure your friends as neighbors. For literature and particulars apply to Allan Cameron, General Superintendent of Lands, Department of Natural Resources, 905 First Street East, Calgary, Alta, Local Agents WILSON & 8KEITH Sherlock Bldg. Phone 1343 Lethbrldge A GUSTY CORNER FOR ROYAL MILLINERY JANET YOUNG, the charming leading lady who brings her own company, the Comus Players, In a superb production of "Carson of the North Woods," has appeared in more than 100 productions in cities of the Taelne coast. She was a member of the Baker Stock Company of Portland, Ore., for two years and Is known to theater goera as the "Sweetheart of tbe Northwest" In the part of Marie La Bell, the bewitching little French Canadian girl of the frontier In the early days around Quebec, Miss Young Is at her best. As a dramatic artist she is wonderfully sympathetic, and her character Interpretations are most convincing. $2.00 WHEAT NOW'S THE TiME TO BUY GOOD FAHM LAND, u'avmors in lu'o West the pasi two years with prices at $1.00 and $1.25 per bushel have been pnyin1? for their lands out of one crop. What may they not do with wheat and all farm produce at their present prices ? We have some excellent properties belonging to Trust Estates under our care which will appeal to the farmer and investor, and which must ba realized upon.  END FOR LIST. THE STANDARD TRUSTS CO. (Head Offloe - Winnipeg) Albert* Branch, Msoleod Bleak, Edmonton, or writs to W. A. Davis, Alberta Block, Lsthbrldge. Traction Engine REPAIRS We are well equipped to handle all kinds of repair work on either steam or gas tractors. Only high class work leaves our shop, and we will quote you prices that are right. N1VEN BROS. 2ia First Ave. 8. Phone 1732 AUCTION SALE GRAND OPENING OF Camrose Stock Yards CAMR08E, ALBERTA on Insure now You cannot afford to gamble. We have always received fair settlements promptly from the company we are representing. Alberta Securities Balmoral Block Lethbrldge Thursday, July 26th The Sale consists of 250 Head ot Horses as follows: 100 head mares, 1250 to 1(100 lbs., AO with foal at foot; 1 Helglan Stallion, registered yearlings; 1 Clyde Stallion, registered; remainder 2,3 nnd 4 year olds, quite n number of theso horses aro broken nnd well matched teams. All blocks nnd groya. 125 Head of Cattle 40 oxtra choice grade Shorthorn Cows, all with calf or calf at foot. Remainder mixed bunch ot stoors aiifl heifers. Sale to Start at 1 o'Clock Sharp Everything will be sold in bunches to suit purchasers. This being our first sale hero, we wish to Impress tho fact that everybody will get a square deal when coming to these yards. The horses are as good a bunch as has ever been offered In Western Canada. Splendid shipping facilities. Terms Cash, Unless Otherwise Arranged. COL. HOGG, Edmonton, COL. MARTIN, Camrose Auctioneers JAMES PIKE, Clerk A. J. HILLS CO. Proprietors. FOR SALE Dominion Government Bonds maturing 1937 in Denominations ot $100, .$500 and $1,000 at $95.50 Interest Five Per Cent. British Canadian Trust Co. GEO. W. ROBINSON, Manager and Secretary PHONE 1843. CONYBEARE BLOCK LETHBRIDGE, ALTA, 8 An Efficient Executor Losses are often caused in an Estate through the carelessness or mismanagement of the individual Executor or Administrator. This can be avoided by.appointing this Company*. It acts on the advice of counsel-la bonded to carry out the Instructions of the testator, and has experienced officers In charge of all Its departments. The TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company Limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE Public Administrator and Offloial Assignee for the Judicial Districts of Lethbrldqe, Macleod, Medicine Hat, Calgary, Red Deer, 8tettler. HAIL INSURANCE In selecting a Company to place your Hall Insurance with, thsra are two Important things to consider. First, the financial responsibility of the Compcny; second, their reputation for prompt and satisfactory adjustments. Such an Investigation will show the BRITISH CROWN as a leader. Don't take a chance. Let us place It In the British Crown. R. V. Gibbons & Co. PHONE 1191 BALMORAL BLOCK ^-New York Tribune, SECURITY s SAFETY � SERVICE FarmersFire& Hail Insurance Co Is what you have been waiting for. It Ic what we have all been waiting for,-A company owned and controlled by the farmers of Alberta. Organized to give us the service we are entitled to and to keep our money at home. Secure your hall protection early by obtaining a policy In The Farmers Fire & Hail Insurance Co. HEAD OFFICE, ALBERTA BLOCK, LETHBRIDGE "Do Business In Your Own Crowd." SECURITY s SAFETY a SERVICE ;