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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 20, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME X. LETHBHIDGE. ALBERTA. FRIDAY, Jl?LY 20, 1917 NUMBER 186 HUNS CONFIDENT SUB. IS WEAPON OF VICTORY BIG INDUSTRIAL POSSIBILITIES IN THE "Chautauqua" What is It? ttriquettiiig Plant Will Develop (ircat Possibilities for Our Coal, Says ISxiiert. "Ono hundred years will see the end of tho anthracite coal in Pennsyl-vaniu. Tn fact, tho people of the^ United States arc already demanding that an embargo be placed on their product in order to conserve it for themselves. Ontario and Manitoba will then have to dopond on Alberta tmd Saskatchewan for their coal, opening up a great marketrfor tho west provided the coal can bo reduced to such a stato that it can be handled economically." This statement was made to tha board of trade at a meeting last night by Dr. A. 13. McCallum, chairman of the Dominion research council who 1h In the west looking into the possibilities of developing the various industries of (ho country in o'rdor that they" may bo speeded up after the war to help pay tho enormous war debt of Canada which threatens to be $1,500,000,000 as against about $^50,-000,000 before tho war. While in the c'.ty Dr. McCallum visited the Gait Collieries In company with President Marnoch of the board of trado and consulted with Supt. Livingston as to the possibilities of the coal industries of the west. One plan on which the research council is now working is the possibility of converting lignite coal into anthracite by u process of ^ briquetting. The counq.ll is asking .lor. ! $400,000 for carrying'on" its experi-; monts this year and this Js one of the schemes on which it is concentrating its attention. Briquettfng Plant. According to Dr. McCallum briquet-ting is the principal moans of developing economic coal from fuel In the European countries. It is a different [ process than is generally^undorstood :j here. In western Canada any bri-;i queuing done so far h�s�simply been i! a process of mixing tar with anthrac-! ito dust for the purposo of overcom-"! ing waste. But tho plan on which the J; research council is working will go l\ much farther. Lignite coal contains )' a percentage of water. Tho coals in 5i the Lothbrldge field run from six to v ten per cent, of water. In Saskatch-\\ ewan whore there are enormous bods i! of lignite, easily worked, the product :;i runs us high as 30 per cent water in jl Ub composition. Tlitf water makes 11, r easily disintegrated. Naturally- It ;j will not stand the weathor so cannot i bo economically used. Freight on ji water is just as high as freight on nil I coal. So tho natural thing to do is to I drive off tho water. Briquetting will i do this. In the process the coal is | powdered, placed in a largo revolving ; retort Rnd tffo volatile matter driven | off. The residue contains practically j| nil tho heating substance, which can !; be mixed with tar and pressed into large bricks. Dr. McCallum ""states '- that experiments made bo far bIiow that Saskatchewan lignite can be thus treated and manufactured for about $7.50 per ton at tho mine, making it about nine or ten dollars at Winnipeg, whereas Pennsylvania anthracite is laid down there at present for about $12 per ton and sold for 111. A Great Market.  It Pennsylvania coal is shut off, Alberta arid Saskatchewan lignite coal ' can be treated and can be made to roil place the U. S, coal in Ontario and ' Manitoba, thus opening up a grut they are bound to come and tho toneflt to the coal centres will be eh-irroous. The process, he believeB, i vlll do much to speed up production ' nd holp to pay Canada's big war lebt. Alcohol For Power. Dr. McCallum, while in the city, lso looked over the brewery. A rge part of it is not in use. The osearch council Is now considering leans for using tho Idle portions of (13y S. S. Dunham). Now that we know that no one is to get a rake-off let'B see if we can get an Idea of what the Chautauqua (h. Six dftys for intellectual and social entertainment, where tho hlghost classed talent In tha different l|nes will bo tho entertainer. In United States such men as Elbert Hubbard, Thomas Edison, William Howard Taft, Thcodoro Roosevelt, President Wilson, Henry Van. Dyke and many others have continually, spent much ot the Chautauqua season with the Chautauqua. It is only by utilizing the Chautauqua idea, making the appointments continuous so that a speaker can address ono meeting in the afternoon and one at night, etc., can the great mass of the people be able to hear such noted talent, and It's only by utilizing tho Chautauqua Idea gathering in large crowds in a tent, can a small town and country district ever be able to hear such talent. As has been previously stated the Chautauqua is new in Canada, and Canadian talent is not available yet to tho extent that It is in the United States. However, tho program is giving great satisfaction. The following Is a telegram from the Chautauqua committee of Conquest, Saskatchewan, a small country place where the Chautauqua. Is now being held: "Mayor W. D. L. Hardle, "Lethbrldge, Alberta, "Chautauqua going great. Committee over sold guarantee. Single admission will go over $600.00. Chautauqua great educational movement and community builder. Our population is but 200, yet getting universal support from country and people well satisfied. You need not hesitate to boost Chautauqua, and help committee by thorough canvas. "(Sgd.) Robert Stibbald. Pres. Chautauqua Com. A. B. Barett, 9ec. George Parawell, Tread. J. Merchison, Mayor, Emll Anxess, City Sec.-Treas." So you can see that the Chautauqua is answering the demand 'of the people. It is what they want. Remember the ' Let h bridge dates, August 7th to ,13th inclusive, and begin to think how you can help. THE CRYING NEED Adopt Peace Resolution Copenhagen, July . 20.- The reichitag yesterday adopted the majority peace resolution by a vote of 214 to 116, with 17 not voting. COUNTER-DRIVE ON EAST FRONT Extremist Russians Refuse to Meet (jierinaii Attack and Huns Break Through Line. Petrograd, July 20.-The Russian failure to hold the Germans in East Galicia says today's official statement was due to extremist detachments holding meetings and discussing the advliability of obeying orders which some regiments had refused to obey. The Russian statement says the 607th Mlyney regiment situated between Batkov and Ivranajov voluntarily retired before the attacking Germans, and as a result the neighboring units also has to retire. General Attack Paris, July 20.-The Germans made n general attnek last night on the whole sector of tVe Aisne from between Craonne and Vaculerc, using large bodies of troops. Tho war office announces that the French withstood their furious assaults and maintained their positions everywhere. The ground before the French positions was strewn with German dead. * > ? ! > : : * -5 : GERMAN REPORTS. * * > ( > $ .> Berlin, via London, July 20.- Artillery activity in Flanders increased yesterday to extreme violence, says the German war office statement ls-R'.:ed today. Part of the French positions on the Winterburg were captur-\J ed by tho Germans. Later some of those trenches were abandoned during a French attack. In Galicia. Berlin, July, 2(1.-German troops have pushed forward through t three strong Russian zones fol defense between1 the Sereth and Zlota Lipa rivers in eastern Galicia, says today's official statement. The Russians suffered heavily, the statement � adds, and are retreating in disorder. The Germans took a tew thousand prisoners. At Jacobstadt, Dvinsk and Smor-gon along tha Stokhod River and from the Zlota Lipa to south of the Dnies� ter rivor, the statement adds tho artillery fire increased in intensity. """iJ'vi 1 '>;'i CAN ONLY ACCEPT PEACE AS I. Would-be-nationer: "Do you know of any bill to cure a healthy appctito." -Passing Show, London. ON A HUGE BAIL New York, July 20.-Emma Goldman and Alex. Berkman, anarchists, were ordered released from prison on $25,-000 ball each by United States Supreme Court Justice Brandels, when he granted a writ of error In their cases- In Washington today. \ Drafting New U. S. Army Washington, July 20.-Drawing for the war army began at the senate office building this morning at 9.49 o'clock, in the presence of Secretary Baker, the senate and house military committees, a group of high officials of the gov- ernment and representatives of the press. .It Is estimated that from 10 to 12 hours will be required to draw all of the 10,500 numbers required to fix the order of llballity of each of the 10,000,-C00 men registered. > * : �> Fired Shot at Kerensky Petrograd, July.20.-An attempt to assassinate War Minister Kerensky was made today at the town of Polotsk. A shot fired at the minister missed him. GUARD OVER THE OF STRAW, IS A MIcbaoliH* Maiden Speech Is Direct Appeal Against Peaee as Proposed by the Allies-Says Germany Can Win With Her Submarine Warfare in Which She is Justified-Illumes Allies for War. Satisfactory Experiments-The Waste on Raw Products Is Enormous, Says Expert OVERNIGHT SUMMARY. V, (CONTINUED ON PAGE} 8) FOR THE MURDER Arnprlor, Ont., July 20.-A coroner's jury last night returned a verdict holding William Bennett, of Montreal, responsible for the death - of Lieut. Drlco M. Leltch, of Montreal, whom he allot on a road near Sand-point, Ont., Monday afternoon. Bennett may never (ace trial, as'lie Is hovering between life and death In a hospital at Renfrew with a'bullet in his head. Loitch's widow was taken to a Montreal hospital yesterday. Buffering from a ballet wound through the right lung and one through the head. I ' BIG SUBSCRIPTION MOR MINERS' FAMILIES Ferule, July 19.--The Domin- N  ion government has subicrlbed 4> $10,0.00 to the Coal Creek ex- plosion fund victims, This ? brings the total amount up to over $20,000, of which' but $4,- April, who wert. receiving as- 4> distance from this fund, ure re- ��* * * ? : : >>> been oft inspired by enmity and hatred. 1 think it would have boon better if enmity and hate paused behind closed doors. When the hiBtory of this war lies open before us we shall all alike completely appreciate what Dr. Von Bethmann-Hollweg's chancellorship meant for tho enemy. "Appointed chancellor by the Emperor, I have the honor for the first time to communicate with your high house. A great weight has been laid on my shoulders in a most grave time. Trusting God and German might, I ventured to undertake it and shall now servo the cause to the utmost of my power. I beg from you your trusty cooperation in the spirit which has been splendidly maintained in this body during the war. "Although." said Chancellor Michaelis to the Reichstag, "English statesmen knew, as shown by their blue-book, that Russian mobilization must lead to war with Germany, they addressed not a word of warning to Russia against military measures,' while my predecessor in instructions July 29, 1914, to the ambassador at Vienna, directed him to say that we would unwillingly fulfil our duty as an ally but must refuse to permit ourselves to be involved in a world war through Austria-Hungary. Disregarding our councils, the man who wishes to kindle a world war does not write like this but u man who is laboring for peace to the utmost. "The concentration of the Russian army compelled Germany to seize the sword. There was no choice left to us Rnd what Is true of the war Itself is true also ot our weapons, particularly the submarine. We deny the accu- sation that the submarine warfare Is contrary to International law and violates the rights of humanity. Germany had to choose this last measure as a counter measure of self defense. Now also, It must carry it through for tho purposo ot shortening the war. The submarine war is accomplishing all and more than all it is expected to. False reports which found their way In the press as a result of the secret session of tho Reichstag evoked for a time a certain fooling of disappointment, which ended at a particular time. They did the fatherland no service, I declare in fact that the submarine war accomplishes in the destruction of enemy tonnage what It should. It Impairs England's economy life and the conduct of the war month to month In a growing degree so that it will not he possible to oppose the necessity for peace much longer. We can look forward to the further labor of tho brave submarine with complete confidence. "I desire to send home greetings to our troops an all fronts, land, sea, air and undersea. What our troops, under the leadership of great commanders have accomplished In three years is unprecedented in the world's history. Our thoughts also turn to our (Coxtikdep ok Page 6) INSTEAD OF PAVE Commissioners Have New and Cheaper Plan For Thir-teenth Street Mission, Texas, July 20.-Approximately 5000 shots were exchanged across /the Rio Grande yesterday at Ojo da Agua, eight miles southwest of Misaion, between, a small-American border patrol and a number of unidentified Mexicans. There were no American casualties but the latest reports cay two or three Mexicans were seen to fall during the engagement, which started at 11 o'clock yesterday morning and ceased -at 5 o'clock, when the Mexicans withdrew. Divinity Students Removed From tion by Premier's Motion It is more than Mkely that instead of paving 13th St. as has been heretofore proposed, the city council will decide on macadamizing the street. The plan has been under consideration by the commissioners for some time, and at a special meeting this morning comparative costs were prepared ' and will be- presented to the ratepayers tomorrow. ' The difference In the ooit of the two plans 1b in the neighborhood ot 120,000 in favor of the macadamising. An eight inch macadam street is pro- ' posed. For this the city would require to purchase a rock crusher and also a heavy steam roller. The street would be properly drained so that there would be a good base for the macadam. It Is pointed out that one of the Advantages of macadamising is that the city would have In hand the equipment and material for paving certain blocks each year. This would allow for a definite plan of Improving the city streets to be carried out. In the case ot paving, the cost is very high unlesB enough work is done to warrant a paving concern sending its plant here to do the work. , Part of the money will be raised by local Improvement bylaw and put by a money bylaw which will be put to a vote of the people. GERMANS HAVE L MARKETS Spot wheat............ Local track wheat ...... October wheat ......... Local track oats .'...... October oats .......... October flax........... 348 227 22514 67