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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta "Hie Settle on Mob" of grandmother's time> the large Circle Water Pan of Cheer" Furnace supplies the moisture so necessary to the air we breathe. The ordinary Furnace with Its apology for a w'aterpan holding only a few quarts, is utterly unable to keep the air it heats half as humid as outdoor air. This dry air shrinks the wood work, loosens' the joints of the furniture, dries and shrivels up the house plants, and worse still, affects your skin, throat and lungs in much the same way. That's why you catch cold so easily in winter. "Good Cheer" FURNACE with its new patented "Circle Waterpan" supplies air like the breath of summer that is not only warm, but humid, like the air outdoors. You can live more comfortably in this humid, healthy "Good atmosphere at than you can at or in the dried-out air supplied by the average furnace. There's both health and economy in a. "Good Cheer" Furnace. If you're building, arranging to build, or even thinkingof up your mind to install a. "Good Cheer" Furnace. Write for full description. i THE JAMES STEWART MFG. CO., LIMITED, WOODSTOCK. Ont......WINNIPEG, Atan. Sold and recommended by Hick-Sebl Hardware Co., Lethbrldge, Alia. The Letiibi'idge Daily Herald, Saturday, August WHAT GENERAL FRENCH'S REPORT ON CANADIAN MILITIA WILL SAY Believes in Volunteer System Recommends an Increase in the Staff--Mobolization Scheme Urged Improvement in Higher Organization The kernel of Sir John French's re- quarters Staff which is persistently re- port will be his attitude with regard prese'nted as bloated> the numbers are I so small -that the subject of mobiliza- The- staff, especially! tion claim part of the lime of one to the staffs. that portion of it, which works at Have you given EDDY'S WOODENWARE A Trial? If not, why not Are you aware of the fact that there are NONE better manufactured? Ask your dealer to show you Matches, Paper of all Paper Bags, Tubs, Pails and Washboards. He is not up-to-date .unless he can show you woodenware made Jit Jc-jDIJ z S. E. B. Eddy Co'y. Ltd. ESTABLISHED 1851 Hull, Canada EAT AT CAFE Quick Service. OPPOSITE THE EUREKA very best cuisine in the Short Orders a Specialty. Regular Meals.................25c to 50c COMMUTATION MEAL BOOKS ?3-00 S6.00 headquarters, is -the object of a good deal of dislike. Therefore, lei, us con- sider, first, what Sir John French has to say about it. In its .present form and proportions the Headquarer Staff is quite new. Up to the time of the South African War the militia consisted-of a great num- ber of separate and disconnected corps and very little of anything else. At Ottawa there, were a few officers and a number of officials, barely able to seep the peace rouUne of .the peace 3Stablishment -working, according to a- rery unbusinesslike system which was sure to break down in war. The force could not have been mobilized; there were not even rifles and cartridges enough in the country let alone other requisites .for mobilisation. The need was for everywhere, in .every hole andxcorner of the force. Organization cannot be done without organizers, and the mili- tary term for organizers is staff. A beginning has been made at organiz- ing and as soon as the organizing of- ficers have been appointed ami set to work, all sorts of outcries have arisen. The questions before, the people are: (1) Shall we have a staff? If we are to have a staff, is the present one large enough? (3) Is it capable? (4) Has it done well so far as it was able? (5) On what lines can its work be im- proved? It is to be noted great deal of the criticism of the staff that ap- pears in the newspapers really is to the effect that we have no staff at all. Present Staff Inadequate When Sir John French's r made public it will be found m ans- wer the several questions I have stat- ed, somewhat as follows: (1) A staff is absolutely necessary, (2) -The present staff is absolutely nadequate in point of numbers to grapple with the numerous problems which demand its attention. (3) Generally speaking -it is capa- ble, though further education in the more technically military as oppos- ed to the administration side of its work is concerned. (4) The plans formed by the pres- officer, and "only one." There is this fact; that much of the work done in England will be avail- able in Canada, our officers for ex- ample, instead of taking HP the ques- tion of war establishments as if it were entirely new, can adopt Imper- ial establishments, their work being confined to deciding whether the Im- Aa-j-ahlighmcmtg JITS DUitCd local conditions and making necesary alterations. -Bearing all these facts in mind, Sir-John French has advised an increase in the mobilization staff a- lone of some ten or twelve officers, partly at headquarters, partly in the seceral commands or districts. Supply Again, it is common knowledge that Sis John French paid attentoin to the question of horse supply and suggested govermental action. What does gov- ermental action men to act? And one Military equivalent of that phrase is a remount staff. A remouni addition of ten or twelve officers. To carry .'-furtUer this matter it is entirely not unexpected that Sir John French has used extremely caus- tic jlanguage on the subject of the op- position which has been offered in Canada to the maintenance of a think- ing department, and.that he will prove with congency the extra ordinary in- crease in complexity caused by mod- ern complexity which causes need for greater and more dif- fused brain power in an army. There is another problem, closely re- lated, which demands close attention, and upon which it may well be found that Sir John-French has spoken with no uncertain sound. This is the ex- acting from eyery militia man of every rank, of-the full- amount of service which .he has contracted to render to lis country. This is the foundation of all efficien- cy, and the non-observance of this condition Is the explanation of much of sioned' officers, aud we need not be surprised when Sir John French de- clares this to be inadequate and to recommend that every facility be given to enable them to study and qual ify. Such a scandal as the promotion, of men attending their first camp to be non-coms, will hardly escape criti- cism.. But back of this lies the question of exacting the tests improved. They are not exacted; every militia officer knows they are not. For the "Short is a "Special local classes are len- iency is shown; it all means that the tests prescribed are not exacted. Sir John French says that the militia can- not be satisfactory if the tests are riot enforced, and we do not oblige every person holding a post which re- quires a specified degree of proficiency obliged to show that proficiency to un- dergo that training in full measure. The same leniency shows itself in the matter of attendance at camp. The standard among officers is none too good; this year one corps had twelve officers absent without leave. Conditions a-e worse among the men I hey enlist ror three yers, attend one camp, and never dream that it is nec- essary fur- them to attend the .next and the next after that. Here again' bir John French is calling for the full exaction of the full service which every militiaman contracts to render. Hinh Standard of Duty But 'allSthis comes back to my or- iginal position. Who is to exact the full test from the officers, the full at- tendance from the privates? in the last resort the Headquarters Staff Therefore Sir John French has de- manded that the public opinion back the Headquarter Staff in demanding 'rom the militia a standard of duty nearly as high as that-exacted by anv business man dealing with his em- ployees. Extent of Inspection The Headquarters Staff, and the training of the militia by no means exhaust the full purview of the scrut- iny -which so great an authority as Sir John French brings to bear on our military position. Such an inspection would seera to demand attention to following heads of the Page 9 "I HONESTLY BELIEVE TRUIT-A-TIVES' The Greatest Cure For Rheumatism In The World" brain force. of the o.ur. inefficiency, ranks. It runs through all An army depends for its success upon tbe skill if its leaders, and for that matter, of its junior leaders. The fir- ing line in a battle consists of a mul- titude., of knots of men, each, some fifteen -strong, each directed by a ser- gent or a-company officer. What avails the' private's excellence if the captain -leads them to the wrong If the lieutenant selects the wrong' place at which to shoot, or if the sergeant makes a mistake in the range at tells them to set their sights'? It thus is of first-class importance whether the Canadian Mil- itary authorities have provided pro- per facilities for training company -and squadron officers and non-comissioned officers to do their work. That Is not W4.4..A.UWJ. U UW V4.W LI.U.XJU.JL VA -L JJ-CLt, -IQ AAUl. ent staff as regards numbers and ajj. Haying-.provided the facilities do -standard of training are satisfactory and certain improvements in the or- ganization of the individual corps in- to what are termed "formations" if bridges, divisions, etc., should be ef- WILL BE BROUGHT BACK TO .NAD A Vancouver, Aug. it was BUI or Dan Heney who was kill- ed at Ashcroft last year is" a ques- tion now. The man alleged to be to identify him, but are not certain that it is he or his brother Dan, who was supposed to have been shot at Ashcroft. This is certain, however, thai he is one or the other, so when Bill Heney was captured at Dillon, the fact is definitely settled he will Mont. Persons who knew him years j be brought to Canada and Charged ago in Los Angeles have been, called j with murder. fected. This will involve the raising of new corps, the conversion of cer- tain corps into other arms, and other changes. (5) A long list of recommendations in detail appear in the report cover- ing all manner of subjects, but in "a surprising number of instances in ef- fect meaning this 'that the power and authority of the headquarters staff should be greatly enhanced. Plans for Mobilization The thing which is as important .to a modern army as bookkeeping is to a_ modern business is a set of minute and detailed plans for mobilization. Mobilization means this: that in peace time the vastly greater number of men who used in war are oc- cupied in their ordinary work. war at ha-nd it is necessary for it to call thes'e men from their business and arm, equip organize, and assemble them, with Treat speed, and with great smooth- they insist on proper use being made of Criticises Lack of Proficiency It will be found thaflSir John French injiis report criticises severely the pro- the Jack of by :ompany, squadron and battery officers throughout the Active (6) pro- the standards set and the fc "is Ascribed on'ib-1 to r.e fiifik.'enr (c) declar.-.s thnr the is greater rigidity in obliging of- ficers and non-coms to satisfv tltsso tests. x The insufficient grounding of squadron officers, the lack of troops and squadron instruction, and the ten- dency of commanding officers to work :heir regiments without allowing suf- ficient training in squadron work, are well-known characteristics of cavalry, to we may expect to see Sir for higher command. war organization training. need for obtaining from each militiaman, officer or private, the full measure of service which he con- tracts to -render to his country. points with regard to armament, administration, services, as well as the special problems pre- sented by the developments of the west. Sir John French will be found to have treated all these aspects of the problem, though not so necessarily in the order in which they are here set forth. Some of them I have ad ready dealt with and it seems advis- able next to discuss the question- of war organization. This means peace organization as well, for it is safe to say that one of the essential features of Sir John French'e report will prove to be an insistence that the two should be identical; that the organization of the md'liia in ordinary 'times should be ex- actly -that what would prevail in time of trouble' so that the outbreak of would .see a mobilization .unhampered by sudden re-arrangements and free from the drawbacks of throwing to- gether in troops-who never'see ;ach other in peace. The existing system does not fulfill this require- ment p.nd so we see criticised. The reasons for this short coming past until recently, mil- itia corps sprang up spontaneously and at hap-hazard, itccordingly as the military spirit moved individual citi- zens here and there; and until a while ago, three persons who thought ;hey would organize a corps chose its rifles, cavalry or ar- allery, according to their fancy, with- out much guidance as to the sort of (corps which the military situation de- manded in their locality. The re- sult is a very bad proportion of arms KNO-JPT.TON, Qui., Oct lath. 1909. For many years, I Buffered from severe Rheumatism, and the attacks were very distressing and prevented me from doing my ordinary work. I tried many remedies and treatments, but noting seemed to do me much good, and I was becoming very anadoua for fear I would become a permanent cnpple from the disease. I tried and this medicine has entirely cured me and I honestly believe it w the frotett Rheumatism cure in the B. E. MILLS. Such a statement eotild not be bought from a man like Mr. Mills. He thinks too much of good name, to tell it or atgn it to an untruth. Mr. Mills tried all other treatment Frmt-a-tives cured him of Rheumatism. In the of heart, he wrote the above letter in order that sufferers in all jwrti of Canada would know that there isoneremedy that actually does cure Rheomatitm. This testimonial entirely unsolicited on our part Wedid notknow that Mr taking "Fmit-a-tives" until we received the above letter. in arresting and dueue. It inaj be stated, without fear of contradiction that will podthtly cure Rheumatism when properly used. "Fruit-a-tiTM" is the only medidne in the world made of fruit juices and ts the greatest cure known to modem idcnce. Soc. a box, 6 for, or trial box, 250. Sold by all dealen or lent, postpaid, on receipt of price by Frnit-4-tivea Limited, i standing, while commanders and staff get little or no practice in handling such bodies. It does not surprise us that Sir John French describes the camps as merely large collections of troops. Without a careful assimila- tion of peace and war organization quick mobilization would be impos- sible and attempts at, preliminary op- era'Dions of war be and frustrated. paralyzed Complete Mobilization Scheme Thus we .are not surprised to find Sir John French's special heed to di- visional organization, .he -will insist upon the working out of a complete mobilization scheme, demanding close supervision by the staff of the service roll's, and suggesting an occasional test mobilization. Moreover. it is a fact that the militia department for some time has been trying-to get its mobilization clothing, belts; va'lises, arms, ammunition etc.. which each battalion and company would from the central store houses and distributed among the individual corps and isubdivisions, but that it has been delayed by the slow- ness of the Public Works Department to construct the necessary storehouses It is only natural for Sir John French to -strongly -recommend that this pro- cess -of decentralization be accelerat- ed. We must glance for a .moment again at mobilization. Closely associated the identification of peace and war organization is the making of pro- vision, not merely for rapidly raising corps to war strength, and equipping them with stores, but -also for their smooth and rapid assembly at points of strategic importance. That means the'selection in advance of points oi railway concentration, and the per- fection in advance of railway time- tables. The lack of such, arrange- ments would occasion confusion at a very critical time. It. may be ob- served that a system prevails in Great Britain whereby the general managers trained in peace would be a (natural injunction, equally natural as a recom- mendation that more .education in. this line be supplied by. means of .staff rides, war games, and ,a furflher recommendation that if possible start officers be relieved of of their office .work with; the .object- of enabling them to take; more part in the training of the troops. Condition of Permanent Another matter.of importance is. the condition of the Permanent Force. We are not surprised to find, the- standard of training pronounced satisfactorily, but-the peace, establishments .Icon-'' demned, as too small to enable .them. at once to training and Instruction .of the Active7 successfully to maintain the field efficiency, which they. should pos-- sess. The-jschqojs of ceive an. admonition on .propensity spend upon ceremonial time would be better bestowed upon-: the principles of field-manoeuvre and fire action, and a suggestion that frequent. practice in isimple the tactical schemes- would benefit -the wfhom th-ey exist to. they should lay more stress on. the essentials of more training, and.less on the may be add- ed that Sir John French, while adding his word of praise to the Royal Mil- itary College, is understood to -criti- cise the waste sustained through 'the small, proportion of these- lads 'who enter the militia service of the-coun- try, after having received an expensive education largely at the public expen- se, and he recommends that steps be taken to secure a i-etHru from aM future graduates. The administrative services which have been organized with the last half dozen years are in good condition and have won his approval, they, should be welded with the troops they are ;to serve in one coherent whole on scien- tific military principles. The West presents-a new problem, service verv bad localization as well, ample, and contemplating the lack of any such arrangements in Canada, Sir Joan French .advert. Indeed we may confidently anticipate that he will f re- command pronounce it to be behind, both the artillery and the infantry, and Infantry are to be found where ar- tillery is needed, whole regions give themselves up to cavalry, where they should provide a quota of infantry .as well, and so on. 2. Until within the past decade the militia consisted of individual require- ments. battalions and squadrons a- lone. with next to no atempt at pemanentj higher orgaiiization. Th anized in expect him to advise that at-! O.L -h i tention be paid by artillery command- 1 to suitable places for the of warlike operations. The Lethbridge Monument- al and Cut Stone Works Burdett Street, between Dufferin and Redpath C. G. Simpson R. Neids Branch of Kootenay Marble Works, Nelson, B. C. an operation needs most careful planning in. advance down to the very tiny details. Great Britain has mobilization- plans- which worked very well in the South African war; _to draw them up -occupied all the time of five or six officers for twenty years. In the Canadian Head'- SAVE THE HAIR Newbro's Herpictde Will Do It No woman sho.ulfi have poor, thin, scraggy 'hair, and no man need become i bald. Poor hair and final baldness are due to the dandruff germ. Newbro's Herpicide will destroy this little gerjn and stop the hair from falling. Further evidence of this ds found in a 'letter from Mrs. F. Neilsen of Tomah, Wis. She says: "I fought the worst kind of dandruff for nine years. I have been using Herpicide now one week, and my scalp is healthy the dandruff has gone and the itching has It is the best remedy for and it would not surprising if a scalp diseases I ever saw, and I have seen Don't subject yourself to disappoint- ment and expense by accepting some- thing claimed to be "just as good" as Newbro's Herpicide. These off brands may possibly be good, but why take chances? The genuine and original dandruff germ destroyer can always be obtained. If your own druggist has nothing but "just as good" articles, go to J. D. Higinbotham, Co., Ltd., spV cial agents, who will furnish you. with Newbro's Herpicide and guarantees one dollar size bottles. It stops itch- ing of the scalp almost instantly. Send TOc in postage or silver for sample and booklet to-The Herpicide Co., Dept. R., Detroit, Mich. Applications at good barber shops. J. D.. Higinbotham Co., special agents. realist like Sir John French, were to censure this tendency to waste time on exercises of no value for war pur- poses. In pasing I may notice another subject which is somewhat closely al lied to this. Few city armouries have drill grounds adjacent, and city corps find it hard to get sufficient trainin_ in the open. Thus they are led to pay more attention to indoors drill and consequence they excel th'e rival corps in the showier, but less essential as- pects of training. The result is that they lead civilian opinion to the' wholly erroneous idea that they are equal, or even superior to the rival corps. As a matter of fact the townsman urgent- ly needs training in camp; I am in a position to assert that General Botha, who certainly knows how to lead ir- regular troops, holds this view very strongly. It. will be very salutary if Sir John French is found to recom- mend that. City Corps go to Camp This however is in passing. As I f i force is now org tensive pre, I T" these brigades into division The "Commands" really are designe to produce a division each: but the based on the principl i. Fo Ontario is a com and should nrovide a division Unsuitable in spite of the praeticaf ap. titude shown in actual work on the has tWQ Soul and the St. Lawrence. In accordanc with the area principle such troops as these two counties might provide would belong to the Quebec commanc and -to reach their mobilization points would have to cross two broad rivers Political considerations (using the term in the broad instead of the nar row sense.) have caused this arrange ment. but it only has to be stated for the reader to see that it is not good business. Peace and War Organization Thus Sir John French on making his -inspection observes that the ex- isting system does not conform to the sound and simple condition that peace and war organization should be iden- tical. He observes the propor- tions of arms are incorrect, that there is too large a body of infantry and too large a supply of heavy artillery in proportion, while the field artillery is only about two guns per thousand instead of five guns per thousand, which modern armies require for train- ed troops. So also he observes w.liile specializing one on infantry a- lone, one on cavalry alone, each should furnish a proportion of sev- eral arms. This is not a matter of numbers, he without doubt, as sufficient the plan formed some years ago of providing for a "first line" of 100.000 with prospects of a second line of he does insist, we will find, that the proportions in which that proposed force of is distributed among the several arms is faulty' and should be changed along the lines which I have indicated. Above all ths several corps should be grouped divisions, each division perfectly organized and the several corps which form eacli division habituated in peace to associating and working together. as a result of this shortcoming the dif- ferent, arms at present seldom work in conjunction, and so have little op. have already observed, there are sound grounds for expecting to find Sir John French agreeing that the tests re- quired are sufficient, subject to the ex- ceedingly important proviso, that they be rigidly enforced and to find him further declaring that they are not so enforced. A consequence of is the absence of any uniform standard of efficiency in the militia as a whole. Still further, we may expect to find him censuring regimental commanders "or not realizing that efficiency in squadron and company work is the essence of all efficiency and urging the 'unior officers in their task of training the sub-units, instead of keeping them n leading-strings by indulging in bat- .alion or regimental drill before suf- icient attention has been paid to the ground work of company and squadron raining. This subject of course in- John French advised the militia de- partment to follow suit. Question of Armament The question of armament need not delay us long. One interesting point is, 'tliat Sir John is of the opinion that, in Eastern Canada the nature of of the various railway companies are Xery different from 'that of Eastern given military rank "and status and ThA are formed in company with certain military officers associated with the mobilization service into a railway war -council. Familiar with this ex- The Headquarters Staff has gone on the line o'i developing a force of mounted rifles and field artiPery with infantry battalions in the prin- cipal -townsi Sir Joun French approv- es the general lines. He is known to have been pleased with the material and he declares the training to be on correct lines, but recommends sixteen days training for the mounted men und he, Is exercised over the horse supplj-. :He is highly pleased with Petawawa, pronouncing it the best training- ground in -me Empire suggest- eentral trainin that a similar :amp be provided for the West. The Cadet Movement we cadet movement has not failed the country is such as make the-' short gun' throwing a very heavy shell of from 60 to 100 pounds weight into the air, so as to j. descend almost verticallv upon troops to his notice nor his warm ap- hidden. from the attack V hills or he states> the trenches-preferable to "the "Long soluticra .o1'. tbe Problem Tom" a long heavy gun suited for ot giving adequate_training. more direct fire, with which our heavy fo summarize, bir John French's re- artillery -is armed. The shortage in field artillery could in part be made good by the conversion oi" some of the beavy artillery into howitzer batteries Our field and horse artillery have the same weapons those in the Imperial service, and so are approved. With regard to the Ross rifle the Imperial Inspector General has little to say beyond a repetition of caution J :hat the ammunition must always bo nterchangeable with that used -else- where in the Empire. A word of counsel as 'to the urgent need of lay- ng in simple reserves of gun and rifle ammunition. Higher command is a technical mil- tary term signifying the power of a General to handle a division, or larger )odies comprising several divisions, t comprises at once the art of gen- ralship as usually understood, and manj- technical details which arise in aanaging the marching, provisioning nd control of so large a body of men. ir John French will be found to be at nee critical of tine present training f Canadina officers in this, respect, nd by no means disposed to pro- ounce them devoid of aptitude for nperior command. The exercise of ie utmost care in selecting officers ho may be charged with the leader- lip in war, of the men they 'have around and hogs at Sc. per cwt. port will be found the whole recommerfd the continuance of the voluntary system as suited to Canada's needs and re- quirements. 3 substantial in- crease of the staff, both at headquart- ers and in the districts. the pushing for- ward of a mobilization scheme. an improvement in the higher organization. of inadequate know- ledge on the part of ofifcers who would lead the larger units. that there is laxity in forcing officers and non-commission- ed officers to undergo the tests which are prescribed. that rank and file are not compelled to render the service they promised to yield. Winnipeg, Aug. today included 750 cattle, 5 bulls, 96 hogs, 9 calves and 30 sheep. Of the head of cattle, about 275 are to be shipped east. The remainder, who sold at prices which prevailed yester- day, namely, for good butcher and mediums and calves sold eludes the training of non-conmmisv portunity for acquiring mutual under- COWAN'S PEHFECTIDH COCOA (NAPU LEAF LAfifD Its richness and exquisite flavorgive an added delicious- ness to homemade and dainties. Be sure you get COWAN'S the with the Maple Leaf Label. THE COWAN CO. LOOTED, 133 be sent down snortiy .joi he oartote it will held is nol vol known. speedy travel. ;