Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta
t, The Lethbrldge Daily Herald, Saturday, AUTO! r Lime, Cement and Building Matlrial N When you want Lime, Cement, or Building Material of any kind, just make up your mind that there's no better place to get it than right here Round Street Phone 763 THE PIONEER LUMBER CO. Westminster Rd. Phone 1063 Lethbrldge'-, N. Lethbridgi Taber 13ow Island Milk River High River Claresholm Nanton G ran urn Carmangay Barons Kipp Jet BY% STEPHEN LEACOCK. B.A.. PH.D. PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, McGILL UNIVERSITY. Copyright fay Publishers Press 1910. The most interesting thing in con- nection with the Dominion of Canada is its future. The present, relatively speaking, is no great matter. What- ever our native concert may prompt us to think of our own importance, we have no claim to bulk very large in the eyes of the outer world. We nnmber in all some seven and a half million people, which puts us from the point of view of the census taker, in the same class Roumania. or one behind an impenetrable veil. In the political sense we do not seem to have reached any general consensus of opinion as to the very basis on which we mean to rest There are some of us, and among them the writ- er, whose fixed opinion is that -the fu- ture destiny of Canada must for its own welfare lie within the four coy. ners of the British Empire, and that even now it has become necessary in j ivctcoaa of the lesser provinces of China. Thjtllat ead to make SQme chaQge course of the world's his design of our common Imperial government But there are many of us who do not see the future in this light, who feel that it will be incumbent on us to adopt, sooner or later, in all peace and harmony, an independent status as thej think, with our material power and greatness. Some few of us, perhaps, still hold to the older theory, of a nat- ural destiny of absorption into the Un- ited States, and cherish the vision of a United Xorth America, speaking but a single tongue and held in common 'by a United Nation. This cast of opin- ion, that has drifted of late years in- to -the back ground, is liable at any time, owing to our lack of a common SIR CHARLES TUPPER Whose Great Work Was the Union of Nova Scotia with Canada 'tory, save for one moment when the fate of Europe was affected by the capture, of Quebec, we have counted for very little. In arts and letters we have counted for nothing at alL Our only -claim to eminence is as a land of promise, a country of the future. But liere our claim is great -Look at it as you will, compress one's mod- esty into 'the smallest space compat- ible with, its continued existence, one must still realize that we nave in Can- ada the basis of a future status, scarce ly surpassed among the great com- munities of the world. Now of late years this great future has -been moving forward at a rate of which, a generation past, we never dreamed. In the old days we were busy with the pioneer struggle with the wil-- derness. We had all we could do keep our scattered provinces together. It was enough for us to dream that the vast solitudes of the west would one day form an actual and inhabited part of Canada. AU of that is changed now. Suddenly, as it seems, we stand upon the threshold of a new era as yet but little conscious of the path that we are to tread. Future in a Veil Much of our future indeed still lies political purpose to undergo a recru- descence. It is not, however, the purpose of the present article, to discuss the var- ious political alternatives that are thus opened to us, but to speak of us in our internal aspect and to see what will be the necessary conditions and environ- ment of the Canadian nation inside or outside of the British Empire. In the Under Whom Ail British first place we note that the word na- tion is ambiguous and perplexing. Many of us in Canada have hesitated to use it for fear of its. conveying a false connotation. Strictly speaking it to imply the bond of common blood and descent. The Roman em- pire, a single state, contained not one but many nations. South Africa and Canada contain each two nations, or rather, parts of them. The word is al- so used to convey an exactly opposite sense and to indicate not the tie of -but :thc status of political inde- pendence. But apart .from these two meanings, and for want, of a "better term, we have come in Canada, to use the word to mean a community of KING GEORGE V. Dominions Are United in a Common Allegiance people economically and politically.un- ited 'but not necessarily independent of the outside world. Nationhood 'be- gins when the internal progress and economic development of a country reaches a point which makes it ap- pear a united and more or less self sufficient unit Numerical Strength It is this point of maturity that we are reaching in Canada. Without en- quiring into the political future, let us see upon what sort of environment our national future is to rest Take first the increase of our population. The census office estimates of March of the present year gives us 7 1-i mil- lion people. Not long ago Lord Strath- cona, speaking in. London, said that Canada would have a population of before the present century runs out A statistical estimate will amply corroborate this. The rate of increase in the United States when it was of about-our -present numerical strength meant a doubling of the pop- ulation every 25 years. At that, rate, with 7 3-4 millions in 1911, we should have 15 1-2 millions in 1936, 31 mil- lions in 1961, 62 millions in 1986 and i approximately, at the close of the century. But it is quite possible that our po- pulation in the first quarter of the cen- tury will increase faster than this. It is not generally understood that addi- tion by immigration stands in a very different light for us from what it did to the United States. In the colonial period with a population of the American Colonies added only the second, far greater, the prospe of bread and work 'for all that is foun wherever free land awaits the settle It was the broad acres of the Miss ssippi Valley, that 'brought over th millions of immigrants of the niu te'enth century. But the free land o the United States is practically gone The flood of immigration that noi clogs the crowded slums of the Amer can sea ports, will gradually turn it self towards the broad fertile valle: of the Saskatchewan. Unless we fine the means to restrict an overgreat in flux, we shall find that within ten years a season of plenty and prosper ity will bring a million people to Can ada. The Incoming Population Now let us consider whither this incoming population will direct itself Geographically our situation is pecu- liar. East and west Canada faces" the two great oceans, northward it sets its back against the frozen seas, but- southward, it lies-.cohtiguous on its whole length with, the United States, for hundreds of miles absolutely fron- tlerless. The geographical divisions run north and south. The Maritime Provinces lie sidely side with New England. Ontario and Quebec are se- parated from the west by the rugged and unhospitable country of the North Shore and communicate at every point with the republic .either directly or across the great lakes. The prairie country has no 'boundary against Da- kota and its sister states while the passage to British Columbia is .blocked by the great barrier of the Rocky -Mountains. Worse than all. the down- ward projection of- the Hudson and James Bays wen nigh cuts our domin- ion m two, penetrating it at the very point where settlement lies most thin- ly. All through our history, till yes- terday, this formation lent "colour" to the theory of a manifest destiny of union with the American republic We seemed to have length Who SIR WILFRID LAURIER Stands for the Union and Har- mony of the Two Races in Canada Phone 564 THE STANDARD Wood Street Box 1928 CO, Lethbridge without breath-a nation lying along a shoe string. But we are coining now to see that the case is not as bad as it seemed. The thin-drawn aspect of our settle- ment was not a consequence of cli- mate and soil so much as of commun- ications. Convenient access could be had to Canada only by St. 'Lawrence or from the American border. The north shore of, the St Lawrence from Montreal to Quebec is probably no better suited for settlement than the banks of the Artliabaska or the Peace but the one -district was ..accessible, the other not.. Hence the Canadian population spread itself thinly along its line of communication like the van guard of an army on the march. To Northern Sections This is changing now. The striking feature of the present moment is the northern advance of Canadian settle- OF ESTABLISHED 1S65 Total Assets Oct. 30, 1909 Over Opening a Savings Account in the Union Bank makes it easier to You get into the liabit of depositing, more or less regularly, small amounts of money that would other- wise quickly slip away. At the end. of the year, with .the Interest added, there is a substantial balance to your credit and you have scarcely missed the deposits. A Savings Account in the Union Bank is a reserve which you ought to provide against possible sickness or financial reverses. Why not start one now Main Office cor. Round Redpath Sts I G. R. TINNING Sub-Office Westminster Rd., N. Ward j Manager. Stirling Branch A. H. Roach, Acting Manager. Grassy Lake R. W. Baillie, Manager. THE OF HEAD OFFICE, TORO3NTO B. WALKER, President AJLXXATTDER LAIRD, General Manager ESTiRLISiLED 1887 Paid-up Capital, Reserve Fund, Branches throughout Canada, and la the United States and England BANK IViOWiY ORDERS ISSUED AT THE FOLLOWING RATES: and 3 ccnti Over and not exceeding 6 cents 10 cents These Orders are payable at par at every office of a. Chartered Bank in Canauis (except fn the Yukon) and at the principal banking- points in the United States. Tbev nagotiable at to the sterling: in Great Britain and Ireland. They form an excellent method of remitting' small sums of money with safety at small cost, and may be obtained without delay. US .ethbridge Branch C 3L Notirse, Mgr, 'or the production of power, this dis- nct. in which the Hamilton river alone has a potential development of horsepower, is perhaps un- urpassed in the world. We are soon o-see large Canadian cities set far rora the frontier and obviously no Our Gasoline is filtered absolutely free from dirt or water Lubricating Oils Transmission. Grease Carbide Our Repair Department is in tke kands of experts We vulcanize tubes and cuts in casings AUTO LIVERY IN CONNECTION Open day and night Full stock of accessories Storage, Wash and Polish LORD STRATHCONA The Grand Old Man of the Dominion about immigrant settlers per an num. For at least forty years afte independence (1776-1816) the immi gration was at the most only three to four thousand a year. With a pop- ulation of 7 million the United States added yearly from the outside. We add nearly Moreover, there'is every indication that a still broader stream of the out- going flood of the European migration will turn -towards us. Europe has now ivery year nearly wanderers to dispose of. At present perhaps half of them go to the United States. But that is changing. In the old days two gs acted as magnets to -draw the refugees of Europe to America; the Irst was the freedom of the republic, moot. Our climate easily permits it We have got away at last from the bo- gey of the 'acres of and the 'Christmas-in-Canada' pictures of the London press. Lay down the British Isles on the map of this country and the bottom end or tnem is slung up as far north as Winnipeg. The isoth- ermal line that marks the growth of the valuable timber of the, temperate ne and the northern edge of the cer- sal belt, hangs low, it is true, in the centre of the Dominion, but sweeps westward in a generous and ascending curve till it crosses the valley of the mere adjuncts of the- settlement of the nited States. The Johannesburg of anada will be beside Lake Temis- aming. Edmonton will foe the great railroad centre and distributing point of the far north and we shall have in Prince Rupert a Pacific seaport a whole voyage distant, from the ports of California and Washington. But for the further progress of our settlement along these lines the thin; of supreme important is the mainten- ance of our east and west communl cation. We must have not merely the physical communication of our rail- road system, but an active, direct in- tercourse of all sections of the peo- ple, commercial Intellectual and mor- al. The gravest danger that can face Canada is the possible discord and di- vergent interest of East and West. This can only- be counteracted by care- ful thought and sagacious policy. We have to fear that there Trill grow up among us two peoples, the eastern an the western; the one a communit framed in a historic setting, built o two races, remembering the past, with an economic structure and with mari time and trade relations of Its own the other a country of whose inhabi tants vast masses stand in no here ditary relation to the history of Cana da, whbse division from the American republic is only the imaginary fron tier of the geographer, whose people with -all the forceful aspiration and eager daring of a new country, will lack perhaps that restraining influ- ence exercised by the existence of a common history. If such an ill-omen- ed day should dawn, it is all over with the Confederation of Canada. A Dual People One other point, too, of great im- portance should never be forgotten in considering the future development .of the Canadian'nation. Racially, we are not a single but a dual people, havias amons ality with the presto change of rincial union. After him Cont'-jd. tion was to accomplish, it. Ami our own time the same feat is performed on what is called ojisii. principles, meaning, one may pp'trr the Importation of hats and dry -i> us two languages and, as our back ground, the history of two great European nations. Many of those who have loved Canada .best have failed to appreciate the meaning of this They have chafed at what they think the 'initial blunder' of the conquest by commerr.ial -drummers who no French and who drive the Canadian shop keeper to learr. i in sheer despair. The thing done.-The disappearance of the language or the amalgamation races if it is ever to come, the furthest range of our foreaidir. the conquest the French some GO to- 70 thousand. At ii: ion of 18-ffl-their number had r.-.i. At the end of -the nin-; century French Canadian settlers of fhv ed States the' race now reaches of about people. mother province of Quebec th extending along the Ontario the Valley of the Ottawa and a: scending in growing numbers sea board of New Brunswick. A present time the' chances of tii-: of their nationality aiul are greater than ever. have come to a pvint where th.-ir are sufficient to maintain newspapers, magazines, institutions and all -the literature and intellectual inteiv that prevents a language from erating into a peasants dialect. who founds his polity of Canada in theory of absorption of. the Fro: builds upon the sand. But the essential point is that ought not to wish for such tion. We have a great asset in double history, our 'dual in our special "relation to national histories the of 'eace nearly 100 Vmerican frontier. miles above the Quebec nas a vast northern hinter- __w ut_OI when the French language was toler- ated by the victors; as if indeed a mere handful of British officers and Scotch traders, on the strength of a fiat from Downing Street, could have altered the tongue- of French settlers. Ever since the conquest, the I disappearance of the French lan- guage in Canada has been the subject of patriotic expectation in the part or a mistaken section of the British peo- First it was hoped that some- the military, the effigy of King George on the coins and principle of allegiance itself, wouid conjure it out greatest world. We must take our country as i and build our future on' it We i.-: harmonize the east aad west cannot join them. In a sense anJ our greatest good they will alv.-.i different. The energy of the ae steadiness of the east these nr e blended in our national And so with our two races. Wo rr.; into the structure of our CO monwealth all that is best in ca The chivalry and idealism of th-.- French temperament, the stead v re- liability of the Scotch, the gaycty o: the Irish and the solid plum-pudding commonsense of the Britisher, imisi all be found as ingredients in the make-up of the Canadian nationality. Trinity Ple. 1.1 t. vunjui and which we are reaching already of the country. Lord Durham brough the valley of the Saguenay.jed to spirit ,away the French Residential School for Boys Healthy situation. Fireproof Boild- Extcnsive Play- grounds, largre Gymnasium, Skat- ing Rinks, etc, for the Universities, College, and Business. ajwntion pven to younger boys. Kest term begins Sept. 14. New boys must report on Sept 13. tor Cekndar and all information e.pply to Uu Headmaster RICKY. M. A. LLD. PORT HOPE, ONT. School Pert Hope, Ont.