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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta ?AGB FOUR THE LETHBBIDGE DAILY HERALD WEDNESDAY. AUCVST 8. IJI14 She e, Hlberta DAILY AND WEEKLY (INSCRIPTION RATES delivered, per year..... Dtlly, by mall, per year...... Weekly, by.mail, per year.... 5400 3.00 1.00 J253 TELEPHONES Business Office Editorial Office 1-- W. A. Buchanan John Torrancs Managing Director Business Masase THE EMPIRE'S SUPHEME MOMENT- essentlnl to the conflict U not. It is not a war between Teuton and Slav. It Is not s war between the Pan-German world party and the Pan- Slat world party. It is not a war for the preservation ol the Hapsburg monarchy. The Pan-German movement is anti- Austrian and cannot fail to be BO. The success of that movement would destroy Austria as a political entity. The Pan-German extremists bave had to be rebuked mid repudiated >by re- sponsible German' statesmen. As al- lies of Austria they could not counte- nance a movement which assumed and la'oored for the disruption and disappearance of Austria. The Pan-Slav movement in Russia s manifestly anti-Austrian, as well as P 'ICKED UP IN ASSING FOR THE BUSY MAN The puUence and forbearance nUf rma. Great Britain, exhibited with a strength in keeping with her iniglity power, has at length given -fray before the provoca- tion of hostile Germany. Strain- ed almost to the breaking point she has in the interests of peace hfeld herself in check. But the crucial hour Imd at length ar- rived when, dignity and honor assailed beyond endur- ance, the British lion has been roused into'action. From Plymouth Bay, as in the days when Sir Francis Drake sailed to annihilate the Spanish Armada, Britain's majestic fleet with the silent orders, "Capture or destroy the has set forth to do battle for right and justice. The sailing of that'fleet will go down to history, and be em- blazoned in the minds of gen- erations toTcome, as ihe spec- tacle of a nation going into war, not with the lust oi; congest. Inn to carry out the obligations it has entered on, and to prove to the world that Great Britain's word is her bond. It is not fitting at this moment of crisis to be vainglorious, but every true son of the .Empire will not only endorse the action .that has been taken, hut will .echo that selfsame confidence in Britannia's men and ships ut- tered iE (he.-words of His Ma- jesty: "I have confidence that the British fleet will revive the old glories of the navy. I am sure that the navy will 'again, "shield Britain in this hour of trial, and will prove the bulwark of the Em- pire." with arro- gance, but with ihe faith liiit the Empire has with just cause embarked on the issues of war. The message is but the counter- part'of that famous signal: "England expects every man to do his and with the me- mory of Trafalgar's glorious day will be forever enshrined in the memory of the sons and daugh- ters of the Empire. A SITUATION OF ANOMALIES It is only a few weeks ago since the Foreign Minister of Austria was de- fending the moderate policy adopted towards the Balkans and Russia. In a speech to the) delegation at Budapest .he vigorously answered fci-iirolsms of spokesmen of the war party, particularly of a delegate who' was supposed to be expressing the sentiments of the then heir presump- tive, the late Archduke. Franz Ferdi- nand. Count Berchtold spoke of the aged emperor's sincere and resolute devotion to peace; he gave arguments of his own, moreover, in support of a policy of patience and peace. He saw no alternative except war with Russia and he could figure out no gain in such a' war. Evidently the interests of the empire did not demand war at that time. That was less, than, a month ag Count Berchtold's view prevailed for the moment. At that very moment Sweden was excitedly discussing "the Russian peril" and demanding measures of defence, while a section cf the German press was pointing to the "bear that walks like a man the foe to reckon with in the near Cutuiu Yet the peace ot Europe is broken not by Russia, not -by a Balkan power desirous of revising the eettlsnie! Imposed by Houmania and the conce ot Europe at the Bucharest confer but -by Austria, and seemlnglj under Count Berchtold's direction. Whot happened in the short Inter val? If peace was necessary and if- Blrablc to Austria-Hungary a fev weeks ago, why is inevitable to Bay. a well informed writer In tiie Chicago Tribune, says it is from the Adriatic sea to the Pacific cean." It dreams of union or onfsderation under the gentle and enevolent sovereignty of Russia. Pan-Slavism is, however, in a limit- d sense, unmistakably in evidence in he czar's profound interest in servia nd Montenegro. The czar's minis: srs have often blundered in the Balk- ns and have at times caused es- rangement, toward Ger- nanyr bitter feeling against Russia. But the blunders were personal blund- rs of bungling politicians. Russia as always posed and often acted as he patron, friend, and protector o! the Slavs everywhere, and especially f the Balkan Slavs. It has had and till has its eye on its "estate in re- Constantinople, and it can- not hope to plant its flag there with- ut the consent and support of the Balkan Slavs. It Is good sm" to support Servia. But in facing Austria, (Russia con- fronts not a German power, but a pwer that is itself largely Slav. Slav will thus be fighting Slav and the Germans, whatever tietr colors, will e fighting for Slavs and with other slavs and postponing the realization the Pan-German ambitions and reams. Here, then, points out "Victor" in recent article, is a strange parados, ut not the only paradox in a situation ull of insepar- ble from the very nature and com- of the Austro-Hungarian eni- oire, an empire, to repeat, that has eeh held together quite as much by he jealousies and differences of out- iders as the dynastic and personal nfluence of the Hapsburgs. If Austria cannot and does not re- jrssent German interests and German ultnre in this fight, what is it fight- ng for? Pan-Servian agitation did .ot endanger its existence, while the war does. Its own Slav elements at tiine displayed an Inclination to xchange Its-fide tiff that of the czar, they were not averse to using Pan-Slav slogans in order to ecure better representation and larg- r recognition. The opinion of the soundest stud- nts of politics has long been that if .ustria-Hungary was to be preserved, raly a policy of peace, liberalism, greater autonomy, and home rule, onciliatlon of the various races and lements by reform measures, politi- al and social, contained the promise if such preservation. The -war. actually endangers the ex- stence' of the dual monarchy, for iside from the chances of defeat and lisaster, there is the fact that the Slav subjects of the emperor cannot ympathize with 'it. The separatist and particularist tendencies feared by he court and government can only ie deepened and strengthened the uraflict. army and navy may be loyal ind obedient, as many assert. The irmy and navy may be f the nation is not. But popular sen- Iment among the Austrian and Hun- garian Slavs does not favor fratricidal itrife. No wonder the intelligent world is luzzkd and utterly at a loss to ex- plain Austria's course. U. S. Senator Isaac Stephenson of Wisconsin, will not seek re-election. There are names on Cal- sary's voters' list this year. new Princess Hotel at Empress owned by G. M. Johnston, Medicine Hat, has been opened. At a meeting of the Macleod Dean- cry, Rev. J. D. Watkin Jones was elected rural dean. At Kingston five English families have applied for deportation, owing to the outlook for a hard winter. Rev. P. A. Laury, of Perkasie, Pa., has accepted tho presidency of the Lutheran Seminary at Waterloo. Er. J. J. Cassidy, editor of-the Can- adian Journal of Medicine, Toronto, is dead. will offer one thousand cavalrymen to assist Britain in the war. Dr. Bill, ex-mayor of Lloydmtnster, has 'been nominated as Conservative candidate for Lloydminster in the Sas- katchewan legislature. H, J. Bcresford, teller of the Union Bank at Buchanan, Sask., and a rela- tive of Lord Charles Beresford, was drowned in Devil's Lake. Arthur W. Cutten, a Guelph old boy, is reported to" have cleared half a million on the Chicago. Grain.. Ex- change. Emile de Beaumont, join- er, who was working on a building, was killed when hejiccidentally touch- ed a live wire.' At Guelph a new artesian well just completed is toeing used and furnishes the city with gallons of water per day. The Ottawa government has been asked to establish laAor bureaus and otherwise do all they can to relieve the unemployment situation. .Miss Katherir.e Caggerty of Detroit was struck by an auto in Windsor, driven by Joseph Brusso. The wo- man was knocked 25 feet and may not recover. Over 150 rods of gill nets were seized by Fish and Game Overseer Toner of Brockvllle. They were -being Illegally used among the Thousand Islands. Two hundred union carpenters in ondon, Ont, who have been on strike for two months for 40 cents an hour, gave up the struggle and went back to work. _ NEWS OF THE WAR WHICH APPEARED IN SPECIAL EDITION ISSUED THIS MORNING King's Personal Message to the Fleet "I HAVE CONFIDENCE THAT THE BRITISH FLEET WILL KE- VIVE THE OLD GLORIES OF THE NAVY. I AM SURE THAT THE NAVY WILL AGAIN SHIELD BRITAIN IN THIS HOUR OF TRIAL. IT WILL PROVE THE BULWARK OF THE EMPIRE." NEWS YET OF NAVAL BATTLE CANADA'S WAR TO "Man's Faithful Friends! Leslie Wilkes, a Brantford boy, was up an apple tree when his hand touch- ed a live Hydro wire. John Noakes rescued him, and also received a bad shock. Both were resuscitated. Sold by all first class and clubs Thomas Carney, who had been missing for some days, was found drowned in the harbor at Goderich. It is supposed that -he stumbled and fell off the dock. Near Fort William a battered steer- ing wheel was found which it is be- lieved was part of the equipment of the steamer Leaneld, lost with all hands last November in the big storm. David B. Mulligan, who for three years has been manager of the Hotel Breslin, has resigned to manage the Grand Trunk Pacific system of hotels. Mr, Mulligan left Hefr York August 1. His headquarters will be In Win- nipeg. He is a Canadian. At Copper Cliff, Mrs. Anton Hawry- luk, an Austrian bride of six months, was committed for trial on a charge of killing her illegitimate twins on July 23. It is suggested that the wo- man placed the babies in a grave alive. Dr. Roy E. Tyrer, Toronto, was ar- rested Sunday night at Big Bay Point on a charge of performing an Illegal operation. The doctor was taken in- to custody following the death of Dorothy Leonard, the 19-year-old daughter of Frank Leonard, Toronto, who died In -the general hospital Sat- urday morning from septic poisoning. The total immigration to Canada during April, May and June 1914, was 80.157, made up of British, 252 Americans and from all other countries. During the corres- ponding months'of 1913, the total number was composed of 310 British, 44.998 Americans nnd 80, 898 from all other countries. The de- crease is 67 per cent. London, Aug. Britain declared war on Germany at 7 o'clock tonight. The announcement that Germany had declared war on Great Britain was due to an error in the Admiralty statement. BKITISH AMBASSADOR DEMANDS PASSPORTS Berlin, Aug. after seven o'clock this evening Sir William-Ed- ward the'British Ambassador, went to the foreign office and announ- ced that Great Britain hadI declared war with Germany. He then demanded his passports. s GERMAN FLEET IN THE BALTIC SEA StT Petersburg, Aug. German fleet of 19 ships was sighted yesterday near the east coast of the Baltic Sea between Memellunemel and Libau. Rus- sian warships in the Black Sea have captured many German merchantmen. LAYING SHIP SUNK London, Aug. British mine laying ship has been sunk by a German fleet. Tiie British torpedo Boat destroyer Pathfinder was pursued by the fleet but managed to make her escape. GERMANY VIOLATES SWISS NEUTRALITY Paris, Aug. is reported from Montbeliard, the department of Doubs that the Germans have violated the treaty of Switzerland. BELGIANS REPULSE THE ENEMY Brussels, Aug. is reported here that following a demand by the Ger- mans for the surrender of the city of Liege, an engagement ensued, in which tue.Germans were repulsed. All Germans have been expelled from Liege and KING GREETS HIS SUBJECTS London. Aug. assembled tonight before 'Buckingham Pal- ace until the King and Queen, the Prince of Wales and Princess Mary appear- ed on the balcony. The statues of military heroes throughout the city are be- ing draped with flags. REPORT OF NAVAL ENGAGEMENT New York, Aug. special cable to the American from Aberdeen says "A naval battle is reported to have occurred off the north Scottish coast today. Numerous wounded are being landed at Cromarty and in the County of Aber- deen." RUMOR OFFICIALLY DENIED London, Aug. rumor that a naval engagement had occurred oil Cromarty, Scotland, was set at rest today by an official denial that there had been a battle in that vicinity. .u i RUSSIAN TROOPS MAKE FINE ADVANCE St. Petersburg, Aug. troops have established contact with the enemy along the greater part of the Russo-German frontier in north eastern P russia. The Germans are reported tohave fallen back and to be burning vill ages over an enormous stretch of the country which they have urcaded. CANADA TO VOTE WAR FUND Ottawa, Aug. is seini-officially announced that when the parlia- ment ol Canada convenes at the capital on August 18 it will be asked to vote as a war fund. GERMAN TORPEDO BOAT BLOWS UP Copenhagen, Aug. German torpedo boat destroyer was sunk today near Gedser lightship off South Gedser, by the explosion of her boilers. Thirty men were drowned.. A few of the crew were saved and taken aboard the lightship. ENEMY VIOLATES DUTCH TERRITORY London, Aug. Germans have violated Dutch territory at Tilburg. It is reported that German troops met with resistance after crossing the river Meuse at Eysden, Belgium. ANNOUNCEMENT OF DECLARATION; London, Aug. British Foreign Office has issued the following statement: "Owing to the summary rejection by the German government of the request made by His Britannic Majesty's government that the neutrality of Belgium should be respected, His Majesty's ambassador at Berlin has re- ceivetfhis passports and His Majesty's government has declared to the German government that a state of war exists between Great Britain and Germany from 11 o'clock, August 4." CONFIRMATION OF SINKING OF GERMAN CRUISERS London, Aug. despatch to the Chronicle from Paris -says that after bombarding the Algerian town of German cruisers Goeben, Breslau and Panther were caught by British French squadrons which had been awaiting them. The French warships captured the Goeben and Breslau, and consulate, tho police being unable to check the-disorder. The Belgium mili- tary governor placed the city under martial law and ordered the expul- sion of all German residents. GERMANS CAPTURE VISE IN BELGIUM London, Aug. dispatch to tho Central News Agency from Amster- dam, says that Germans have cap- tured Vise, Belgium, a town with a population ol situated on the river Meuse, eight 'miles northeast of Leige. JAP CRUISER TO SOUTH CHINA WATERS Tokio, Aug 4 Japanese cruis-. er Chiyoda, which is now at Kure, has been .ordered to proceed mlrrled- ly to South China waters. GERMAN FLEET BOTTLED UP New York, Aug. special cable to the American from'London says "It is said on highest authority that .the admiralty had received a wire- less despatch stating that the Ger- man fleet had been bottled up by British fleet, north ot Denmark." LUSITANIA SAILS FOR OLD COUNTRY New York- Aug Ctinard liner Lusitania sailed at 12 o'clock 'tonight lor England. iv the Panther. GERMAN EMPEROR GOES nation. more than infamy, Aginwnrt, Is The oth- London, Aug. 6. Sir John French has been appointed field- marshal of Great Britain's 'army, and tikes instant command. Field .Marshal Sir John French is one of the few British commanders who pulled through the South African war successfully. It is said that he really came to his own in that strenu- ous campaign. During the early part of the South African war, he was associated with Sir George White around; Ladysmlth. At Ellandslaaghtc, one of'the earliest battles, he commanded the troops and led them to victory. He was sent to prevent the Orange Free Staters from enterics Caps Colony, and he succeed- ed. There skirmishing at all times during the last months of 1898, and he commanded in several important engagements. Most of these were suc- cessful, fboiigh a certain night.attack., on Colenso is remembered as an er- ror that ended disastrously. The star of General French shone brighter when the word was flashed round the Empire that the alege of Klmberley had been raised, and that it was General French, who, command- ing the advance detachment, )iad forc- ed his way through and had brought relief to the besieged. Ills ability was recognized, and his, advance was rapid. Ho commanded the cavalry of Lord Roberts' forces in the advance on Pre- toria, and from that was advanced to the command of the wing. Dur- ing the remainder of the war he .was quite prominent and did much In the that occurred during the e na. v mgUp ihat occurre urng e 30ES it is a crime against civilbatbu and or Osraan 1 ana which w 11 he known Paris Au? 4 --Le Matin, comment- the of nations. II it was a in the British navy tueJCrin, is n- yrstordoy on the German ultima- blunder, Kaiser Wilheim is crazy." nearly completed. They are (test class 1S52 ot Captaill _.'. ,iTT_j-ii.-nr, Tn. ArM'rnnnv hnT.lramrfl. li., to Bclrium, says "Had Kaiser suddenly become crazy the BRITAIN'TO BUY ho TWO BATTLESHIPS co''ild not li.-nc acted .otherwise. Af- London, Aug. Tho British gov- tcr lorciblv taking possession' .of the crnmcnt will pay In ths neighborhood Grand Duchy of Luxemburg's rail- 1 of lor Ihe two Turkish liw imttlcalilps being constructed in Eng- way to steal a secret door to encmv ho tries to Intimidate and lish yards and which it has taken worthy and faithful 'lit- ovcj. The one which lias been rcnam- battleships. ANTI-OEItMAN RIOTS IN BELGIUM Antwerp, Aug. Serious man rioting occurred here totlay mob packed the German and restaurants and tore the E chcon from the dool of the Gcira _p......_ ain H. French'of the. Royal In 1866 he joined Her. Majesty's ship Bri- tannin, and- served 'four .years as a naval cadet and midshipman. In 1874 ho entered the [Eighth 'Hussars, but wns later transferred to.the 19lh, ol which regiment He became colnnel ;