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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 3, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta r VOLUME VII. 11 J i I jl> i All LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, AUGUST 3, 1914 NUMBER 197 ENGLAND'S DECLARATION OF WAR FORECASTED REPLIES To Local Member's Ap- peal for Aid for Farm- ers in Drouth Dis- trict of South LIKELY TO BE ANNOUNCED IN HOUSE THIS AFTERNOONMCF.il IS READY FIGHTING STRENGTH OF GREAT POWERS AT WAR BUSRtll JOJISII AREA Map A. B.tcha.nan, MP( last week addressed a length} letter to the! nsUl RIJitHon Sir R L Poidett outl'ning Hance ai the situation in the drought affected and urged importance of immediate hiyJiry aid assistance. The Federal member' suggested that a neni-cr ot the should of mem ,nd Triple Entente. i a personal visit to the district in-order ibat. he.eoiud acquire first hand the serious con- not ask tor charity. They-Want__ivork..ii. they can it. 'Many of tliem will go to the iiar.'esii fields in t'he north and een- itr-il parts of ths province and to the -of the -south condi- tions arc better. It is necessary tltat should-be supplied at once to enu-jle th-i-ni to rstiiin tlieir stock and arc caaes, also, where families re i'.tire iiiiihcdir.te assistance. If tan not he -suyi'Iiod, aid have lo'le giyon the farmers so that "they Ciiii through another year, too serious a matter to treated in a partisan .way., Both govern- ments should unite in dealing with the icrotilem." Mr. Buchanan expressed indigna- ik'r. towards the men who were advantage ot the under'the 'trying circumstance.- they were going through. "I learnoi! o, CKSCS .where buyers came into tricis ond availed themselves ot tin j farmers' need for money and tli-.' Eciucity of feed, and practically of Elko, B.C., about fifty miles sto-lc off their hands, by paying ajenat of here. A special train left Fernie and Hosmer this evening, with a contingent of men to fight the fire. Two large fires :'are reported at Bull River and Bull River Folia, and the skies to the west are all lit up, from another-, forest fire at Perry. "Creole.- Large forces; of. men are working hard to control all of them. naval station is working day and night. GREEK CABINET MEETS Athens, Greece, Aug. council of ministers was held at the Royal Palace today, King Coustautine pre- siding. It was decided to call a meet- ing of parliament tomorrow. GENERAL MOBILIZATION IN RUSSIA Tsin, .China, Aug. obligation of all Russian troops in Siberia com- jortay." All. Russians ".in this city received orders today to hurry at once to Pekin. RUSSIANS 'INVADE GERMANY Berlin, .Aug. troops are invading the eastern part of Germany In force. Several conflicts occurred near the according to' official reports received here, general conflict has yet .been precipitated. FRENCH OVER GERMANY Aug. S.-r-A French aerial squadron crossed the frontier today and was scouting over Germany. The war office-was notified today of a hos- tile dirigible sighted during the night between Kempenich and Andernach. The enemy's'aeroplanes were seen today between 'D.uren and Cologne. A French monoplane was reported wreck ed by German sharp, aifooten at We- sel. DISMANTLING. "WIRELESS Plymouf.li; British torpedo destroyer steamed close to the Cuuard Canadian'liner Ahdania of Plymouth, and notified her to dis mantle her wireless. All wireless stations not used by the government are being dismantled, by orders of the admiralty. FIGHT AT CHONCHERAY Paris, Aug. German officer at Conciieray, a frontier town, today kill- ed a French corporal. Two German patrols subsequently attacked tlie town. Reports received at. noon said fighting was going on. and German Vessel Due for Clash Vancouver, B.C.; Aug, The Canadian cruiser Rainbow lay'Tn the Royal roads at Victoria today, with her decks awaiting advices man cruiser Leipzig, reported some- where off Cape Flattery. The Leipzig s faster than the Rainbow by three knots, hut the Canadian warship has ttio better armament, and Hes between the Leipzig and her nearest coal sup- ply. The German cnilser, Canadian naval military leave Ft. Chins officers say, cannot itation, whither she is bound, without replenishing her bunk- Town of Elko Threatened by Forest Fires Cranbrook, B.C., -Forest fires threaten to wipe out the The War Today At a Glance ENGLAND'S declaration of war fore- casted for today. GERMAN TROOPS Invaded Russian Poland today, and occupied town of Kalisz, the in1 ere pittance. Feed'sent into districts 'now would enable the stock to.be held by farmers. H is surpris- ing how rapidly mixed farming has in-thcsc and it 1 H pity that it should be abandoned because of lack of immediate assist- ance, of the farmers believe the.' and t. its future, and I loitrncd of Few cases where faimera were actually leaving the district. It .they can get assistance they will rc- main, and a few .good crops will put them, oil ilietr'. Loan and imple- ment 'companies shouiu-not attempt lo enforce payments. Of course, they can't .cvpec't 'to paid, but the 'far- mers fear actions which will mean of their land and stock." Ilbh. Chas. Stewart, Minister of PuHic '.Works; and Hon. A. .J. Mc- Lean, Provincial' Store tnry, have been deputed Ihc -Provincial Qovcrn- mcnt .to 'visit .tbX district and outline work ami relief, f.rir the 'settlers. .John tlie Education Department, VII i NOTICE TO FRENCH "RESERViSTS The following message was received by the Herald from the French .'Consul it Calgary this morning: "Kindly give largest puhlic- ity to the fbilowlne: 'Montreal, Aug. Consul, Cal- gary: Men a'ule to travel at own to leave tmme- .v to lor the schools open. GERMAN ARMY violated the neutral- ity of Belgium, of which Great Bri- tain Is protector. German troops occupied the Belgian town of Ar- lon. BELGIUM had previously refused to consider an ultimatum off-firing a certain agreement with Germany, In case Belgium agreed to facili- tate the movements of the German army. SO GRAVE is the situation regarded that a coalition, government of all parties probably will be formed In the British Isles. FIELD MARSHALL EARL KITCH. ENER.was generally expected to be appointed Minister of War. DOWAGER EMPRESS MARIA of Rui tia was stopped by the Germans En Berlin on her way to .Russia, anc told to return to London or go to Denmark, RUSSIAN naval port of Libau on the Baltic was bombarded by a G-cr- man cruiser, which was also en- gaged with a Russian cruiser. GERM AN'fleet was reported sailing into the North Sea, where the Bri- tish fleet Is said to be concentrat- ed.. GERMAN AMBASSADOR had not .yet left Paris today, i ITALY once, mere declares her neu- fality. FIGHTING between Russian and.Gftr- man cavalry patrols on the fron- tier resulted In slight losses. FRENCH officers are reported to have attempted to the Dutch frontier into Germany, but were unsuccessful. FRENCH' AIRMEN are said to have made daring flights over German territory. GERMAN CAVALRY reported to have French frontier near Be I fort, und tried to commtndser horses. GERMAN authorities accuse the French of violatfrig neutrality and of crossing the frontiers before. the declaration Of war. Germany Makes An Appeal For English Neutrality London. Aug. Von Kublmann, counsellor of the German Embassy liere, today issued a remarkable ap- peal for the neutrality of England In the European turmoil. It said: "The maintalnauce of British neu- trality would In. no way injure France. On the contrary it might be argued thnt by remaining neutral, Great Bri- tain could give France exactly as much strategetic assistance and ai BELGIUM APPEALS TO ENGLANDTO AID HER English Fleet Will Protect France in the Channel; Also in North Sea--Kiich- ener to be Minister of sored Report Carries Forecast of the English Declaration London, Aug. was officially staled here loday that the British army would mobilize tomorrow. ENGLISH DECLARATION OF WAR FORESHADOWED London, Aug. following forecast of the slalemenl that Premier Asquilh will make in the House of Commons was given, to the International News Service loday by an official who spoke authoritatively: "Premier Asquilh will undoubtedly announce in parliament that Germany has already committed what constitutes acts of war against Great Britain by seizing two British ships and order- ing British subjects to leave Kiso Chsu." This despatch foreshadows a declaration of war by England. The correspondent who sent it from London adds: "The censor does not permit me to say more than this. The importance of this statement cannot be over estimated." Nearly Every Member of of Local Battery Unit is Prepared to Enlist BELGIUM APPEALS TO ENGLAND London Aug 3 announced the House of Commons that a telegiam fiom tlie Kinq (it the Belgians made a supicme appeal to Ore-it Britain to salcgiidid Hit, integ- rity of Belgium. BELGIUM JOINS WITH FRANCE Brussels, Belgium, Aug. loday cast in her lot with 7rance against Germany. The government received from Berlin a proffered understanding provided Belgium would facilitate the nuvemeul of German troops. An answer was requested by a.m. The cabinet .met in special session immediately upon' the receipt of Germany's pro- >osal. The ministers refused to accept it. WHOLE CONTINENT VIRTUALLY AT WAR London, Aug. of neutrality by Germany during 'rentier raids by German, Russian and French troops, clashes jciween or.lposls, the bombardment of a Russian Baltic porl by German warship and the seizure of merchant ships by Russia and Germany constituted (he sinking features toda'y of war.on vhich virtually the whole continent of Europe has started. The position lo be taken by the British Empire remained still to be defined this morning. BRITISH HOUSE WILL DECIDE London, Aug. Edward Grey, British Foreign Score tary, staled.in the House of Commons today lhal the House was free to decide what tlie British attitude' in the present conflicl should be. Sir Edward added that Great Britain had not committed her- self to anything but diplomatic support. GERMAN FLEET BESTS RUSSIAN Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. battle was fought yeslerdaj good, deal more effective diplomatic me German and Russian fleets off the Acland Islands, as, according to all reliable in- formation, there is no intention of sending British troops to the contin- ent, and as a few British dirlsiona, considering the enormous numbers engaged, could hardly alter the bal- ance of power. THINKS BNGTjAND CAN'T DO MUCH "All England can do for France is to protect her northern coast from invasion and prevent the neutral ports of Belgium and Holland being used as bases for armed aggression against France. "Germany would be disposed to give an undertaking that she would not attack Prance by sea in the north or make any warlike use of the sea coast of Belgium and Holland If It appeared that Groat Britain would make this undertaking 'a condition of her neu- trality for tlio time being. "Thus England, without going to war herself, could render Prance the maximum of assistance she could give ler by to war. "Thus England, as a neutral'power, maintaining an armed neutrality, would diplomatically toe a greater as- set .for France, and would make for .bo. termination of. hostilities at nn earlier moment, thun if sho herself wore invo'lreil in the war." and resulted in the Russians being driven back. The Russian war vessels look refuge in ihe Gulf of Finland, where they still remained loday. ITALY AGAIN PROCLAIMS NEUTRALITY Rome, Aug. today formally proclaimed her neu- trality in the European conflict. KITCHENER TO BE MINISTER OF WAR London, Aug. strong belief Was prevalent here today that Field Marshall Earl Kilchencr-is about to be appointed Bri- tish Minister of War, His return to his post in Egypt .was can- celled today.. ENGLAND'S ASSURANCE TO FRANCE London, Aug. Edwnrd Grey told the House that he had given France the assurance that if the German fleet came into the English .Channel orlhrough the North Sea to undertake hostile operations against-the French coast or Bri- tish fleet would-give all tlie protection in its power. MARTIAL LAW wat throughout proclaimed NEUTRAL LUXEMBURG it occupied by Gtrman GERMAN ACTION INVOLVES BRITAIN London, Aug. position to be taken by Ihc British Empire re- mained still to be defined this morn- ing, hut it, was feared that Ger- cancfIlation of Field Marshall Earl Kitchener's "return to Egj'pt was a prelude to his appointment as Min- ister of War. H was asserled in-.' authoritative that due warning had hcen ninny's seizure of Belgian, territory given to .Germany yesterday of the would be a deciding factor which intention of I he British navy, to take would load Britain to take the Mvord instant action, in case a; German spl- in.hand, as under the treaty of Lon-jdiur should scfc loot on Belgian soil. -don of Great Britain stands In spite, of and of the prompt pledged to maintain Belgium's neu- refusal of the Helgian government to trajity. Epidences were not lacking of the grave view of- the, situation- taken by all classes in United' Kingdom. The leaders ot the opposition parties we're called .into council-'hy the cab- inet' and .it was (that tho accept .the agreement'offered' hy Get- many, as the putee of' tho violation of Belgian neutrality; German: forces penetrated the little buffer state at two points way. to the Krcnch frontier. (Continued on Page Confirming the sentiment expressed here yesterday and last night, Canad- ians in this neck o' the.woods .'itand ready to depart Within a moment's no- tice to rally round the Union Jack. A prominent military man in city made the statement this morning that .men could be obtained for service in Southern. Alberta within two weeks. 26th Ready The 25th Battery of the Canatlian Field Artillery is ready.to a-man to embark to the Motherland, or where- ever the Motherland may chodfle to send them. The Officer Commanding is iii-receipt of telegrams from all over Canada and the United fronr old members of the corps, who express their willingness to serve warfare. Many of the applicants are, ready to pay their own expenses, so anxious are they to demonstrateVtueir patriotism. One former member of the battalion wired from: Montreal, askingMf there was not come in which he could serve The command- ing officer was overjoyed at the re- J Taber Too The Taber boys-are man. The applicants are.all men of experience. Many, of-.them are veter- ins, but all express their willingness .o serve in or any place; It is not probable that the battery wlil: volunteer, as it-requires a special net cf parliament before the militia'corpb can enlist, but on.ce the intimation .is that .help.Is needed, the bat- tery will be ready.. Bell, statf adjutant of District 13, arrived in .the city this afternoon, for the purpose ot nspecting the battery equipment. Local Reservists On Tiptoe The Lethbririge reservists are on tiptoe with suspense. All they need to set them off At top speed is the of- icial Gazette call. Among those wlio are ready to leave are: "Billy" fli'eh- nan. C. H. Grist, who-feni out on- y thiee months on reserve; H.1-Fryer, an orderly Hospital; Percy Watson, car conductor on the street railway, and Detective Wigff, the city police. The latter says that he Is' not an actual reserve, as he.has served his time, 'but.adds that be is ready to go if his country needs him.. War was the single topic- on ttia streets today, and the Herald's special with all the latest rie'ws was snapped up eagerly. UN ML TO THE To the Burgesses1 It is rumored that it will be no-use ;o pass the bylaws at this time''be- cause there ..would- be no market for .he bonds. i It is true there will be no market for our bonds, but the sinking fund s has a large sum on hand which might be borrowed on our bonds as se- curity until such times as the money markets get better. mere fact that the'by- laws passed would convince our creditors that the city is willing to pay ta debts, dnd they would be willing to. wait for.tn Improvement iu Jha money market. (Signed.) W.' D. L-. HARD1E, Mayor. A. M..GRACE. AUTHtJR REID, Commissioners. The foregoing -was put in the form of a resolution at.the -council meeting his morning wbcre the war as affected and will-affect the bond mar was discussed.. ,The commission- ers feet that the'only.Bafe thing that Lethbrldge. can, do at thti present time to pass the deficiency bylaw, at east. NOTfCE LATEST WAR NEWS ON. PAGE'S. IF ENGLAND DECLARES WAR, TONIGHT IE IMUKO ;