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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME mini. I I I ,i >l 1I5THRRIDGE. ALDERTA, SATURDAY, AUGUST I, 1914 NUMBER 196 WORLD WAR ONLY OF HOURS King George Makes a Supreme Effort to Avert a World Struggle in Europe WIRES CZAR ASLAST HOPE France Sees No Hope of Peace and Issues General Mobilization land Takes Over Telegraphs August George has sent an uigent metsage to the Russian Ehiperer in effoi t to avert w ar. Whim the news of Kiag George's intervention with the Rus- Emperor was conveyed to the Geiman Embassy heie it elicited the remark (hat it "tewfad to revive hope." THE SITUATION TODAY SUMMED UP London, 'Augu George with a tinal effort to pre- ven1 mt outbreak of a general European viar and the meeting of mlUitms of men in armed conflict, today at the eleventh houi sen' a despatch to Emperor Nicholas of Russia, and his message was, understood to contain an ultimate appeal for the preserva- tion of peace.' llis Majesty's action was taken after an audience with Premier Asquith at 2 o'clock this morning when the war clouds were blackest. At tlie same time from Rome came the news, published in the that Italy had decided to remain neutral unless attacked. While this information was not confirmed, it was said in official circles to .have "caused no MAT REMAIN NfUTHAL At tnejltinun Embassy in London, the belief-was expressed tlia! sl'tmld'ltaly remain neutral, with, the possibility left open of hei' turning against hei allies, Germany and Austria-Hungary, the latter nation would be reluctant to embark on a general Euro pean war. GERMANY'S ULTIMATUM TO RUSSIA On the other hand the tact stood out that Germany had taken a very flrm attitude and had asked Russia to suspend the mobilization of her forces within a time limit of 12 hours, expir- ing at nobn'tbday. She also had asked France to define within eighteen hours the attitude she would assume in case of a war by. Ueimany and Austria against Russia. It was pointed out in authoritive circles that-France's atti- tude could only be that under the terms of her treaty with Russia she v ould he compelled to intervene. German circles today .showed considerable uneasiness all! the world. 'The German forces in China were being concen- trated at Tsing-Tau, the German Consul Genera! left his post at Cape Town and is said to seek neutral ports. .SITUATION IN THE FAR EAST In regard ,16 the Far East, the Japanese Ambassador in Lon- don .s-jiirl today, lliat as long as the warships belonging to the na- composing the triple alliance remained at Tsing-Tau, Japan wouli! iiirt'ci no action against them, but should they attack British interests or should Tsing-Tau be attacked, a situation! would arise which would be dealt with by Japan in the spirit of Aniflo Jap.'inssc alliance. Austriam Watching Seruia's Capital Before Striking Austria, on declaring war on struck first ai Belgrade the capital of, the little kingdom Prior to the fall of Belgrade however Senu rpmo ed her capital and military headquarters to Kragujeiatz about miles southeast Desperate fighting between Austrian and Sen i in troops is going on along tile binks of the IJanubc seen in the picture DUKE RUSHES BACK TO OTTAWA Ottawa, Ont, Aug 1 of Connaught is rushing back to Ottawa on a special train from Banff, and will arrive here lylon day-night. LEAVES BANFF Banff, Alia., Aug. Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchns of Connaught and the Princess Patricia, with their en- tire suite, left hire'at eleven" o' clock this morning for Ottawa in the Governor General's special' train Various reasons are ascnb J ed for the departure of the Gov- ernor-Central, but the one that is given credence is to the effect that he been recalled to Eng- land by his nephew, King Georg-a. It is pointed out that if the Duke were merely needed at Ottawa, it would hardly be him to take the entire party back, cut- ting short their holiday. W. :R. secretary for the. Canadian Pacific Railway, who is accompanying the party, is report- ed to have said that the Duke was turning to England at once. It is known that the Duke has be.sn following the international'. situation with a: great deal of anxiety during the last few He has been constantly in touch DECLARED PETERSBURG, Aug GERMAN EMPEROR IN .THE, NAME OF GOVERNMENT SENT THE RUSSIAN MINISTER OF FOREJGN AFFAIRS AT 7.30 0' CLOCK A DECLARATION OF WAR. THE ANNOUNCEMENT IS MADE BY THE ST. PETERSBURG AGENCY WHICH IS CONSIDERED THE OFFI- CIAL NEWS AGENCY OF RUSSIA and nas also receiv- ed a large number of cablegrams. Advisor Banff, Alia., Aug. a result of the European crisis and the text of cables and telegrams which reached Win last night the 'Duke or Connaught his visit'to Banff, and at 11. o'clock this morning .the Vice- Regal .party: left suddenly for Ottawa, It is.stated on the best of authority that H R H VilYVoeeed direct tp Ens land to p-irticin-Ue in councils lii.case of .eventualities is to' the ef- fect that the Dutarwill go to Ottawa to confer with the.government as to the advisability of calling a special ses- sion of Parliament to consider -ways and means of assisting the Mother Country The decision to return east was reached late last night, and until well toward morning' the party were busily engaged in packing personal effects and getting ready for the .journey. It was stated that tile information which came to H.R.H. last evening was of the most foreboding character, and further-dispatches which arrived this morning did not serve-to dissi- pate the seriousness of the situation. Record Run Calgary, Aug. Dul-e of Connaught left Banff this morning at n o'clock. Pie reached laigary at 1.30, and, with right of way cleared, wi'ji be in ..Ottawa on Mon- day night, the fastest transcontinental run in the history of the C.P.R. The War Today At a Glance A! tin: German'Embassy references were made to German nieiltinn of 'lirench her note lo the French Govern- ment, fiTuI it was said .llsis seemed to imply that France herself would mil he dtlarfced by Germany. i Telephonic communication between London and Paris was in'r'TUpted today, the reflective governments having taken "over 111? stiivkc in order lo prevent Ihe leakage of news. Cohimuni- ctiiion between Pnris and Brussels was similarly interrupted. !n re.ujnrd to the financial-sihiKliqu. Hie. Bank of England, vhioli wts again called upon to" supply an uiiprcceden ted'amount of goW. raised its rate today to 10 per is 'higher tha it hod been sioce the Indian Mutiny The next highest point was nir.p prr cent, in 1873. WAR ONLY A MATTER OF HOURS' Paris, August the French Foreign Otlicc today declared, they considered it would: now be. i'oliy to.rely. on any hojie'of a peaceful outcome of the international crisis. .England's rWorts at Berlin yesterday, they said, had any slimmer ef hope which had appeared had been.immediately-extinguished. The. conditions under which the diplomatic "conversations' confirmed made it, in the French oilicial view, appear- almost bipotsiblc to expect a satisfactory issue .was reluctantly admitted that war seemed to be only a question of hours. FRANCE ORDERS GENERAL MOBILIZATION France was reported to have ordered general mobilization of her forces >as the prospects of peace are thought hopeless. SjOPS iLL -NAVAL, IfEAVE Melbourne, Australia, ug. GERMANY iitues simultaneous ulti- matums to Russia and France. KING GEORGE .wires the Czar in an effort to avert a world war. ITALY d-uclares that 'as the war of Austria and Germany is an offen- sive one, she does not feei bund to'take the field. DER KAISER sayo he was in' the I FRANCE reported to have ordered midst of mediation proceedings with Vlinna whnn word Vrr'ived that the Czar had ordered moblll- zatioh, and therefore blames the Russian Emperor for the strained position today. RUSSIA commenced the enrolment of reservists at six o'clock this morn- ing at one hundred centres. GERMAN AMBASSADOR at St. Pet- .ersburg reported to have been hlo passports; .German Ambassador also leaving France. Russia's Answer is to Proceed Mobilizing Her Reserves at 100 Different Points HAND CONSUL PASSPORTS Italy Will Remain Neutral Unless Attack- Scenes Attend Mobili- zation of Russian Reserves general mobilization. SHACKLETON SAILS FOR SOUTH POLE jprevails in official quarters. London, Aug. Antartic ship Endurance, ivliicli is to carry the ex-1 pedition headed by Sir Ernest Sliackle- ton to Weddelsea, from wliich point the explorers will attempt to cross the South Polar continent, left the River Thames today. The vessel will visit several English ports before proceed- ing southward. GERMANY ISSUES ULTIMATUM TO RUSSIA Home, August messages today say.that the German Ambassador has informed-the Italian .Government that Germany lias sent simultaneous ultimatums lo Russia aiid France. EXPIRED AT NOON Berlin, August is officially announced today that the tinie limit of Germany's, ultimatum to Russia expired at noon today. IS THIS RUSSIA'S ANSWER? St. Petersburg, August i.VEnrollment of the Reservists of the; .Russian army.started at hundred centres in the Russian capital tit 6 o'clock this morning and accompanied by stirring scenes. Crowds of women and .children accompanied their hus- jands and fathers to the assembling stations, while priests every- .vhere blessed Ihe reservists as they marched through the streets singing hymns. TEXT OF GERMANY'S ULTIMATUM Rome, -August German in its ultima- i to Russia, askedjier lo, suspend her mobilization within, ire 4 V 113. r'i J In Hie demand sent by fiermany to France, the government it Berlin requests France lo'inform it within 18 hours whether n case of war between Germany and Russia, France would re- iitiin neutral. The German Ambassador lo Italy loday also asked to be in- ormcd as to Italy's attitude in the event of war between Ger- naiiy and Austria-Hungary on the one side and Russia and ranee on the other. The Marquis Di San Giuliani, the Italian foreign minister, aid he would reserve llis reply until he had consulted Prerriier ITALY WILL PUT NO TROOPS IN FIELD The message declares that, as it is not a question of a deferi- ive war on Ihe part of Germany Austria-Hungary, the other wo members of the triple alliance, Italy has decided to confine lerself to pointing 'out to her allies that her treaty obligations vitli them do not'oblige tier 10 lake up arms in the present crisis nd that she will remain neutral. GERMAN AMBASSADOR HANDED PASSPORTS Winnipeg, August Stock Exchange cable from St. 'clersburg says that the German Ambassador there has been landed llis passports. A London cable over a stock wire says: "It was reported here from authentic sources today that Germany is proceeding to mobilize her army'to the fullest exieht and ihe utmost activity Irave it til otflcwB anil men attached to the of tin: Australian inund stopped today, and the gov- ernment authorities .inude tlons for defence. The wheat'innr'Hot was demoralized, holders awaiting.: developments. At Brisbane, aheeivsliln and sales have been postpoiieajndcfliilteiy.' (Continued on I'age To the .Burgesses: Bvery item on large ballot from :A" to under Bylaw N'o.. 244 is to pay for deficits In Capital Account incurred before 1913. These Items re present a debt long past due. .At tile beginning of this year, we began ans- wering letters of enquiry .-as to when. onr creditors might expect their money, that we expected to get the bylaws before the burgesses in time to get. the money to meet our debts not later than June. Wlieu the pro- nised date arrived, wo .had no money a meet the city's debt, because our burgesses had turned the bylaws down. Oilr creditors were Indignant. at the city, but were pacified when To the Burgesses: In trying to explain the bylaws .old that tlio H hiui turned the (Continued on Page which, come under my department, and .which -1 .consider-of the utmost importance to the city; I hope the community will not look upon-me as their natural enemy, but know that I am vitally interested In the future welfare of the city, and would not ev- en consider putting: upon already vfiy .burdened ratepayers anything not to their absolute benefit. Anyone' who does not agree with me does not iu any way hurt my per- sonal feelings, but I would respectfully request them to take -pne thing into consideration, and that Is, that.I am better'., locato'd to look more deeply into those matters than most of the (Continued on Page REPORT IS CONFIRMED Washington, August advices received at'the While House Unlay report the German Ambassador Petersburg. Ambassador Herrick at Paris reported that a pro- posal.to place German interest; in France in his hands was being discussed there. GERMAN AMBASSADOR LEAVING PARIS London, August reached here today at the French Embassy, that the German Ambassador in Paris has in- timated that he purposes leaving his post tonighl. GERMAN AMBASSADOR LEAVES CAPE TOWN Cape Town, Union of South Africa, August German CoiiMil-Geueral with his entire staff left today for England on the .steamer Saxoiu The offices of the Consulate General have been closed. To .the Burgesses: Bylaw No. 246 contains three items- extensions: line extensions, and ?V 691.00 for street railway. A-large tlon p'f' the estimates for the power tioiise.-ahd line is to provide perman- ent feeder wires, switches, trans- etc., to take care of the pow- er load that 'ive haye recently taken on, such as the 200 ;h.p.-in the Bill- son mills, and other motors that have recently been -connected. These mo- .ors are ,nt present being fed by a temporary line, which is all right In drj- weather, hut Is likely to develop bad weathqr, nnd put tile power-users to u lot of trouble and expenso, and. in .addition endangering (ContlnuFtl on page THE WAR NfWS TOMORROW Tomorrow will be. the most di parted Sunday in the history of. tho world .With a world .war.liable to break out .at any- minute, Into which England may be precipitated, the de- mand for news from England has led the Herald to-arrange for a 24-hour service covering all the important de- velopments. These will tie. bulletined in front of the Herald all day. to- morrow, the pub'ilc inay keep, in touch with the vigg'ett development of the. century. Should the -worst come, the Herald will Issue an extra dur- ing the day. LINERS 4LL REQUISITIONED New york, Aug. Lloyd line steamers Friedericli :'ivder Grosse, which from Baltimore on July 29, and .N'cckar, which, sail- ed from Gaheston the same daj, were recalled today by wireless. The line alw instructed the steamer ttil- Jchad to leave Montreal, where .is how to Boston anil're- maiii there, Tlie steamer Grosser Kurfur.st, which sjiiled. from this port, Thurs- day, was again instructed today by wireless to return. The -F'rlctoicli .der ffrossc and-'tho Neckar given the option of put- ting into either New York or Balti- more, wluchoter happened to he the nearer upon then return. The GIOM- ;