High Point Enterprise Newspaper Archives Mar 15 1974, Page 4

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High Point Enterprise (Newspaper) - March 15, 1974, High Point, North Carolina The High Point Enterprise Washington merry go round an Independent newspaper Randii b. Terry president co publisher d. A. Rawley co publisher David a. Rawley jr., vice pres. Mrs. C. H. Lockwood vice pres. Joseph p. Rawley Gen. Mgr. Joe Brown editor . Actively courts genocidal nation 4a Friday March 15,1974 juggling with Legal death on the Day that the u. S. Senate voted 54 to 33 to restore the death penalty for the Federal crimes of espionage treason kidnapping and air plane hijacking the North Carolina supreme court reaffirmed the death penalty by a 4-to-3 decision in this state for the crimes of first degree murder rape arson and first degree burglary. On that same Day Between 300 and 400 persons marched through downtown Raleigh to the legislative building and presented to the general Assembly a petition calling for the abolition of the death penalty in North Carolina. Among the petitioners were friends and relatives of the 30 men and one woman on death Row in Central prison. They comprise the largest single group of people anywhere in the United states under sentence of death at the hands of the Law. The upsurge in legislative judicial and Public concern Over the death penalty is a phenomenon that reverses developments during the five years from 1967 to 1972. In that time no prisoner was executed in the United states. Late in 1972, however the United states supreme court ruled that the death penalty was unconstitutional when discretion was allowed in its imposition. In other words juries could not return guilty verdicts with a recommendation for mercy in capital crime convictions. If the verdict was guilty then the death penalty was mandatory. The result has been that 22 states have rewritten their Laws reaffirming the death penalty. The North Carolina supreme court ruled last year by a 4-to-3 decision that juries in this state no longer had the option of recommending mercy in cases involving capital crimes. The consequence in Little More than a years time is a death Row with 31 inmates. Other influences Are at work in the revival of the death penalty. Public opinion aroused by acts of violence and by the cries for Law and order is in a fearful and vengeful mood. The mood is encouraged by president Nixon who has called for the restoration of the death penalty for certain crimes at the Federal level. Atty. Gen. William Saxbe in noting the presidents proposal for the death penalty for kidnappers who kill their victims said a it is the presidents Hope a one that is shared by All of us a that we do everything we can to eliminate a crime that is totally repugnant to our the question however is whether the death penalty is everything we can do or even whether it is the right thing to do. There Are inconsistencies and contradictions in the statements and acts of those who say the death penalty is effective and necessary against crime. For example the Senate voted Down 81 to to a proposal that executions be shown live on television a one Way surely it would seem of enhancing the alleged deterrent Quality of capital punishment. A in another example the Senate rejected an amendment to its death penalty Bill which would require the registrar Tion of handguns and the licensing of the owners of handguns. Yet the wide availability of handguns in this country and their easy accessibility to almost everyone is an indisputable Factor in the rising incidence of violent crime from killings to hijackings to kidnappings. If we Are to be serious at All about deterring crime in the United states effective regulation of the Sale distribution and ownership of handguns especially is essential. That the Senate can More easily pass a Bill re imposing executions than it can a Bill regulating the traffic in guns provides its own comment about our concern for deterring crime and protecting society. The injustice and the ineffectiveness of the death penalty Are evident in other ways in the measure finally passed by the Senate. The Senate Bill does not impose the death penalty outright in All cases of espionage treason murder political assassination hijacking and kidnapping. The death penalty could not be imposed for such crimes if a a mitigating a factors were present a such As the accused being under 18 years of age or a person taking a minor part in the crime or acting under duress or not foreseeing that death might result from a particular deed or action. The situation is created in which some people would be put to death and others would not for the same crime. And this is what the supreme court has said is unconstitutional. We go through such distressing periods of pulling and tugging Over the death penalty because the death penalty is an act of horror carried out in the name of Law and order but which obviously does not serve Law and order in the Long run. The Way out of this dilemma is the abolishment of the death penalty altogether. Society has other recourse to protect itself and to rehabilitate a More than punish a those who violate its peace and Tranquility. Society should be our protector from rather than the reflector of the dark abyss of murder and violence. A this is not the Way to do it a said sen. Harold Hughes of Iowa during the Senate debate on the death penalty. A Man cannot make the world a better place to live by returning brutality for by Jack Anderson United feature Syndicate Washington despite the deliberate Slaughter of thousands of tribal rivals by the Burundi government the Nixon administration has quietly started normalizing relations with the Central african state. The thaw coincides with the discovery of vast Nickel deposits in Burundi Worth an estimated $14 billion. Until this past january the United states pursued a policy of a minimal relations a with Burundi. But since the Nickel strike agents representing . Corporations have swarmed into the tiny nation and overnight the repressive Burundi government has become a courted Friend the administrations sudden change of attitude toward Burundi is spelled out in classified state department documents which we have seen. A recent state department memorandum to the White House written by top official Thomas Pickering now ambassador to Jordan argued that a a normalization of official relations would provide a opportunities for american corporations that Are interested in exploiting the major new Mineral american businessmen also smell Oil in Burundi. As Pickering put it the resumption of . Aid and cultural programs might also earn a concessions for american companies who believe there May be hydrocarbon deposits Oil on the Eastern Shore of Lake Tanganyika. A in View of the foregoing a concluded Pickering a the department requests Csc National Security Council concurrence in the normalization of relations with c440@h a Good Job Well done newspaper Carrier boys picking up discarded eyeglasses is a Case of a you never know until you there were some reservations when Enterprise circulation officials agreed to a proposition set Forth by the local association of life underwriters to collect glasses frames and other such items. The project was indeed worthy since the products go to the nonprofit a eyes for the needy organization and Are eventually the source of visual help for the poor All Over the world. Motive projecting the news Tion for participation was the Chance of a new Bike a savings Bond and a couple of Cougar tickets. That the project was wildly successful is evident in the Box upon Box of old glasses that nearly inundated the circulation offices. In response the prizes were upgraded to two new bikes. Hats Are off to the Young carriers As Well As to the sponsoring insurance organization for healthy citizen participation in unselfish service to others. The Oil freaks the wealth of Arab Oil sheikhs is legendary but what a happening in the Middle East these Days approaches the absurd. The sudden and massive increases of Oil prices will double the Gross National products of virtually every Oil producing nation in less than a year. According to calculations in Washington the combined Gnu of All Arab Oil countries will leap from $36 billion in 1973 to $74 billion in 1974. On a per capita basis the situation is even More startling. Such tiny persian Gulf states As Qatar pronounced a a Gutter and Abu Dahabi one of the seven United Arab emirates Are Riding a Bonanza bigger than anything in memory. In Qatar per capita cup will go from $5,800 last year to $17,400 this year. In Abu Dahabi it could reach a dizzying $45,000 a in contrast to $6,127 in the United states the worlds most powerful Industrial nation. Qatar and Abu Dahabi Are in the words of one government economist but non Arab countries also will Benefit from the Windfall. According to studies soon to be published by the u. S. Government Iran Scop will zoom from $25 billion to $40 billion and nigerians from $9 billion to $15 billion. It May be argued that the massive flow of wealth to the Oil producing countries is Only fair redress for a Long standing imbalance in global Prosperity. Up until now the Industrial world has been getting its Energy at bargain prices. But the new wealth is not evenly Dis the White House responded in a secret memo dated january 29, 1974, from maj. Gen. Brent scowcroft who is Henry Kissinger a chief Deputy in the White House a president Nixon has authorized department of state to begin the normalization the new Burundi policy which some state department insiders irreverently refer to As a Nickel politics a restores official . Blessings to a government which Over the past two years has engaged in mass genocide on a scale the world has not seen since Adolf Hitler tried to wipe out the jews during world War ii. Beginning in Early May 1972, the ruling Tutsi tribe undertook the systematic Slaughter of their ethnic rivals the huts who outnumber the tall statuesque Tutsi by More than six to one. The Tutsi literally went crazy with revenge after an attempted Hutu coup and used bullets bulldozers and sledgehammers to massacre the huts. By late 1973, Over 200,000 huts were dead another 100,000 had been driven into exile. Last june we reported that the state department had engaged in diplomatic dawdling while the blood flowed. Instead of issuing a Public protest the United states chose a quiet diplomatic pressure a which failed utterly to alleviate the carnage. In an air Gram to Washington dated March 20, 1973, american ambassador to Burundi Robert l. Yost reported that a a very High degree of antagonism and suspicion continues Between the Hutu and Tutsi Yost assured Washington however that the Tutsi rulers had decided a not to proceed further with organized this was a change Yost claimed which was due in part to a the Strong disapproval of the . Government of the events of last the. A a events is a term which frequently turns up in the Burundi papers and is apparently a diplomatic euphemism for the genocide Yost recommended resuming Normal relations. He bolstered his argument in a confidential a action paper which he filed from Burundi on january la 1974. Among the new . Policy objectives he listed was this one a to promote viable . Investment. This has assumed particular importance with the appearance of a in Survey report indicating the possible presence in Burundi of one of the worlds major Nickel general scowcroft cautioned us against publishing excerpts from the incriminating documents. A this is sensitive material a he said affecting . Relations with Burundi. However we believe the Public is entitled to know that the . For the Sake of corporate concessions is courting a nation guilty of genocide. Scowcroft said he saw nothing wrong with promoting . Corporate interests. A that is a function of our embassies overseas a he said. The general also contended a i think your emphasis on the Nickel is not Correct. The thrust of the policy change is that at the time of the fratricide we Cut Back our relations. We continued that for quite some time. Then the embassy reported that Burundi had gotten the message and that our policy had had the appropriate footnote a full report on the effect of a Nickel politics on . Policy toward Burundi will be published in the april Issue of progressive Magazine. The author Roger Morris a former Kissinger aide is rapidly becoming the Ralph Nader of foreign affairs. As a program director for the Carnegie endowment for International peace Morris recently coauthored a disaster in the desert a an investigative report which described How the United states and the United nations have bungled food Relief to the drought stricken countries of Western Africa. A word edgewise Seato never was a really live horse tribute among the have not nations. In the Middle East for example Egypt and Yemen which have no Oil will scarcely feel the Impact. Egypt a per capita cup is expected to Inch upward from $230 to $240 this year. And within the Oil producing countries themselves there Are extremes of enormous riches and grinding poverty. The most crushing Impact of the Oil Price Rise will be on the International monetary system. Negotiations on International monetary Reform already have been thrown into a cocked hat. The target Date for achieving Reform a july 1,1974 a has All but been forgotten. The less developed countries will be hit hardest paying an additional $10 billion a year for Energy imports. This is an amount greater than the sum of development assistance funds these countries now receive. India which spent $420 million on Oil in 1973, will pay More than three times that amount in 1974. Developed countries will have to spend an additional $40 billion but some of that May be balanced by an anticipated Rise in investment from overseas. The crucial question is what the Oil producing countries can a or will a do with the estimated $90 billion in Oil revenues that will flow into their coffers this year. Even the most ambitious internal development programs can absorb Only a fraction of that amount. The Shah of Iran has proposed an International fund managed by International monetary fund which could be used to offset the Burden on consuming countries. By John p. Roche King features Syndicate Washington the Southeast asian treaty organization seat established by that indefatigable pact Monger Secretary of state John Foster Dulles at Manila in september 1954, is currently under critical scrutiny by the Senate foreign relations committee. As one who opposed the Manilla treaty in the first place on the ground that it was a fake a Letterhead alliances will be delighted to see the organization Given decent burial. The Corpse has been in the International morgue now for almost 20 years i am however bemused by the ground on which eliminating Seato is justified. Dulles proclaimed it an a Asiatic Monroe doctrine a and the critics seem to take this assertion at face value blaming Seato for our intention in Vietnam and launching a Parade of horrible in which we find ourselves enmeshed in the defense of Thailand and the Philippines. There was a Wacky Quality about Seato from the outset. The charter members were the ., Britain France Australia new zealand Pakistan and the Philippines. Notably excluded were the chinese nationalist government on Taiwan and Korea. Moreover Australia and new zealand were separately linked to the United states by another treaty anus when the Indian government began to howl the United states provided an a a understanding that the Alliance was Only directed against communist aggression it could not be invoked by Pakistan against India. Self hypnosis Dulles was nonetheless overjoyed he had a passion for treaties. In february 1955, he told the foreign policy association that a the total of these treaties is a Mutual Security system which starting from the Aleutian islands in the North runs in a great arc to the South Pacific. This constitutes a defensive bulwark for Freedom in that part of the one would like to think he did not believe it a he was a Man of considerable intelligence a but the evidence indicates a singular capacity for Auto hypnosis. Vietnam got into the Seato act by a Back door a protocol extended the provisions of the Alliance to Cambodia Laos and South Vietnam. Cambodia pulled out and the 1962 Geneva agreement a on Laos theoretically removed that a nation a when in the 1960s the crunch came in Vietnam Seato was used As a justification for american intervention but in fact the Only states that contributed armed forces were Thailand Australia and new zealand. The largest asian contingent came from Korea which was a nonmember the British pakistanis and French pretended Seato did not exist. And the Philippines sent a contingent of noncombatants. Yet those who blame Seato for our Vietnam intervention and who see it As a source of future a adventures a have never read the Small print. Dulles extremely sensitive to Senate opinion senators Mike Mansfield and Alexander Smith of new Jersey accompanied him to Manila and signed the treat insisted on the inclusion in the pact of a statement that each nation would act to meet a threat a in accordance with its constitutional in other words a chinese attack on say Pakistan would not automatically trigger an american response. If the . Reacted it would be according to its constitutional process i.e., a declaration of hostilities by Congress. War Powers or and Here we come to the Dicey Issue a delegation by Congress to the president to exercise the War Power at his discretion. In january 1954, for example Congress passed the so called a Formosa Resolution authorizing president Eisenhower to use american forces a if necessary to assure the Security of Formosa and the senator Wayne Morse denounced this As a a predicted authorization to go to War. He was absolutely Correct a which brings us to the Southeast Asia Tonkin Gulf Resolution in August 1964. Section 2 of this document states explicitly that a in accordance with its obligations under sea tothe United states is therefore prepared at the i president determines my emphasis to take All necessary Steps including the use of armed Force to assist Vietnam a the Seato guarantee to Vietnam would thus have been meaningless had the United states not acted according to its a constitutional to revert to the theme Seato was a horse dead at the Post and should be quietly buried. But the burial would not necessarily keep us from intervening in say the Philippines. That decision would rest As always in the Wisdom Congress. On in latin America soundings Kissinger found Little pro Cuba leanings by Virginia Prewett North american newspaper Alliance Washington Fidel Castro a new drive to buy his Way through the . Economic Boycott has run into a Stone Wall Here. It is Henry Kissinger a dislike of Castro a Boi Stous anti americanism. Secretary of state Kissinger a own new drive for . Allies in latin America is primarily rooted in a new a spirit of to invite Castro to enter the admittedly shaky new and conciliatory dialogue with latin America could blow it sky High. The far travelling Kissinger told an intimate group on his air plane As he returned from his recent breaking meeting with latin americans in Mexico City that he got no impression of a Strong latin drive for the United states to get cozy with Cuba. In fact he said he Felt that even those governments whose ministers spoke most strongly for a detente with Cuba would be a a terrified if the United states started one. Kissinger told the Small group that the United states could find ways to get along with Castro. But for now the cuban is costing the soviets $1.5 million a Day. And Kissinger is disposed to let Castro twist slowly in that Breeze. Kissinger did not say it but his listeners knew it is a Cool one in spite of surface signs of Castro soviet Amity. Top officials Here believe Castro a attempts to Purchase exports from Argentine and Canadian factories owned by . Investors is a conscious attempt to break the secondary . Boycott and will be followed by other such incidents. To sell to Castro the .-owned firms must get the . Treasury and the state department to waive the secondary Boycott. In late 1973, state received from Treasury with its approval a request to waive the Boycott so general motors Ford and Chrysler subsidiaries in Argentina could sell $75.5 million of. Cars and trucks to Cuba it was expected that Kissinger would announce states approval of the Sale at Mexico City. But that Issue is still twisting in the Breeze too. In his plane Chat on the Way Home from Mexico Kissinger referred to pressure being brought by Argentina to get the Sale through. He observed however that even the threat of possible nationalization does not disturb the big . Auto companies since they Are losing Money in Argentina anyway. A Kissinger envisaged that More issues challenging the secondary Boycott would arise. On february 27, it became known that the Canadian government has asked Washington to a take note of another. This is the desire of Cuba to buy from $12 million to $18 million Worth of a locomotives and repair services from the Studebaker Worthington Plant near Toronto. State in past years has allowed la waivers on the secondary Boycott All of them much smaller than the sums involved in the Argentine and Canadian requests. On Capitol Hill such important senators As ted Kennedy j. William Fulbright Idaho a Frank Church and Rhode islands Claiborne Pell have All from time to time said the United states should renew relations with Castro scuba. All have appeared at or sponsored meetings where the prevailing mood favored Castro. But observers do not find detente gaining ground on the Hill. West Virginia a sen. Roberty Byrd a staunch conservative in 1973 startled some of his constituency by advocating a detente with Cuba. On Capitol Hill however this is discounted As part of an attempt by Byrd to woo the democratic party a Liberal Wing in the Senate so he can Challenge majority Leader Mike Mansfield for his leadership pct

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