High Point Enterprise Newspaper Archives Aug 22 1976, Page 1

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High Point Enterprise (Newspaper) - August 22, 1976, High Point, North Carolina Weather gradual Clearing warmer monday 92nd year no. 235 the High Point Enterprise Cau us circulation 882-1719 classified ads 885-2177 other depts. 885-2161 High Point n. Cd a sunday morning August 22, 1976 114 pages daily 15c, sunday 35c the pruning of a Normandy Poplar the Korea incident How it began editor s note a the pruning of a tree in one of the world s most tense places a Panmunjom in Korea has brought a new crisis situation to Asia with american and South korean military forces on precautionary Alert. Here is How it began one sultry morning last week by Barry Schlachter associated press writer Seoul South Korea apr a hot Sun beat Down that morning last wednesday sending the temperature to nearly 90 degrees in the Mountain ringed bowl that is the Panmunjom truce Village in Korea s demilitarized zone a United nations command work party led by two american officers had begun its assignment for the Day a prune a Normandy Poplar tree whose branches obstructed observation of two checkpoints. A Short time later the two officers were dead their bodies a battered beyond according to the u n. Command by North korean military guards wielding axes and pikes the clash raised tensions on this divided Peninsula to their highest since North Korea seized the . Pueblo in 1968. . And South korean forces buttressed by the deployment of several squadrons of american warplanes were placed on precautionary Alert the . Carrier Midway and her 75 aircraft left Japan for an undisclosed destination but sources in Washington said she was headed for korean Waters North Korea put its armed forces on combat Alert on orders of president Kim in Sung in Pyongyang. The whole affair began innocently enough . Officials claim when the u n. Command work party began trimming the tree near the Bridge of no return which leads into the North korean sector of the Doz. The clash that followed brought the first killings Ever committed in the joint Security area since the end of the korean War. 23 years ago. . And South korean authorities Here gave this account two North korean officers and nine enlisted men approached the work party at to 40 a.m., asking what was happening to the tree. A North korean lieutenant identified As Pak Chol watched the pruning for to or 15 minutes then suddenly ordered the work stopped the . Officer in charge. Capt. Arthur bonifas 33, of Newburgh. N y., told his South korean civilian workers to continue angered the North korean officer sent a runner across the Bridge and he came Back with reinforcements boosting their number to about 30. It. Pak slipped off his Wristwatch a . Official said. Carefully wrapped a White handkerchief around it and deposited it in a trouser pocket shouting a kill Quot in korean he struck bonifas in the Back knocked to the ground the american officer was a beaten to death by five North korean a South korean worker was quoted As saying later in a newspaper interview that a communist guard seized an a from a worker and hacked bonifas on the head and shoulder it. Mark Barrett. 25. Of Columbia. S c., was slain in a similar manner a . Spokesman said. The u. N. Command later produced a sequence of 15 photographs taken with a telephoto Lens in an Effort to show that the North koreans specific targets were Bonitos and Barrett. The South korean civilians escaped unharmed and the outnumbered . And South korean soldiers some in voter league presses candidates a debate target Date sept 28 by John Barbour associated press writer if the league of women voters has its Way the first nationally televised debate Between president word and Democrat Jimmy Carter will be tuesday sept 28. In St. Louis. Somehow so far. These determined careful men and women have had their Way they be been pressing for nationally televised debates Between the two major candidates Long before those candidates were chosen the league s Board of directors made the debates a target at the annual convention in May and league delegates met the proposal by their president Ruth Clusen of Green Bay wis., with a standing ovation. The league is currently circulating a petition with a target of four million signatures it says a we the people urge the major party candidates for president to meet in Public debate on the issues facing the country Quot the league hoped that its petitions would be in by labor Day but it now looks As if the two candidates have preempted that the league s executive director Peggy Lampl. Said the league also embarked on a National Public relations Cam presidential candidates debate the Issi is i ring the televised 1960 series senator John f. Kennedy listens to vice president Richard m. Nixon pain in May to convince the candidates they should debate Carter accepted the idea in principle More than a week ago and has named his press aide Jody Powell to work with the league s steering committee he has not however accepted the league s auspices a wire photo president Ford in his acceptance speech also accepted the idea of a National debate but did not specify who should organize it. The league Hopes to meet with Ford people in the near future. Is. Lampl who uses the title by preference said. The league would like to see three presidential debates one each on Domestic issues foreign policy and the role of the presidency. It has proposed the weeks of oct la and 25 for the final two it is also considering a proposal for another televised debate the week of oct 18 Between the two major party vice presidential candidates Republican Robert Dole and Democrat Walter Mondale have agreed to a debate though again no Structure has been arranged. So far. Is. Lampl save. Abc and neg have agreed to cover league sponsored debates Between the candidates the league s debate steering committee is co chaired by Charls e. Walker a former undersecretary of the Treasury and an economist Newton n Minow. Former head of the Federal communications commission now a lawyer in Chicago and Rita e. Hauser former Delegate to the United nations now in Law practice in new York during the primary Campaign the league sponsored five nationally televised debates. Fires forces vacationers to flee for lives Europe suffers longest drought�?75 months by the associated press fires raged through acres of forests in Bone dry Britain and France saturday forcing thousands of vacationers to flee for their lives weathermen foresaw no Relief from Western Europe s longest drought in memory the 15-month dry spell has drained reservoirs and parched crops in a Belt from England and Wales to Belgium and Northwest and Central France some 3,000 campers and bathers were evacuated in boats when Forest fires swept toward Frances Atlantic Beach North of Royan and Cut off All Overland escape routes. At least 10,000 other vacationers were in a Beach area farther North around the Village of la Palmyre and vans with loudspeakers toured the streets and tent Camps warning an emergency evacuation might be necessary. Black smoke swirled Over la Palmyre and flames could be seen shooting hundreds of feet into the air less than two Miles away the director of a zoo in la Palmyre appealed to other French zoos to Send him Mobile cages and tranquil izing drugs As quickly As possible so he could move his animals including Lions tigers giraffes and hippos some 600 animals have been evacuated the zookeeper said but Fie said Fie did not have adequate equipment to move the 50 biggest animals hundreds of firemen from communities up to too Miles away were trying to Block the Blaze in the pinewoods but Strong winds fanned the fire the British forestry commission closed Many forests to the Public because of the danger of More fires in England and Wales South Wales firemen were reported near exhaustion As they continued to tight a Blaze that has already swept through five Square Miles of Forest destroying at least 200.000 Trees a we Are stretched to the limit Quot said Gwent fire chief Roy Orringer some part time firemen have not slept for 48 hours normally we get to to 20 Calls a Day. In the past few weeks we be been getting up to to a Day we be been fighting one 10-Squaie-mile Forest tire for More than seven weeks a a the British forestry commission ordering the Gates Carter picks Georgia for Kickoff Over traditional site in Detroit by i Anne Olson associated press writer Plains a a Jimmy Carter plans to kick off his democratic presidential Campaign in Georgia but will focus his attention from then on in California the Industrial Midwest and the Northeast press Secretary Jody Powell said saturday. Those areas which look As if they will be the most hotly contested have been designated Battleground states Quot Powell said in a briefing for reporters the states he mentioned in addition to California were Ohio Illinois Michigan. In Diana. New Jersey new York and a up into Massachusetts a a other states May be added he said although Texas and Florida will be Quot hotly contested Quot because of their size they Are not considered As crucial As the others he indicated Carter said Friday that the selection of sen Robert Dole of Kansas rather than a southerner As president Ford s running mate has removed the pressure for extra Carter Campaign Effort in the South the democratic presidential nominee has decided to formally open his Campaign on labor Day in warm Springs ga., rather than Iii Detroit the traditional kick off location for democratic presidential campaigns Powell explained that warm Springs was chosen because Carter wanted to begin his Campaign in Georgia and because of its ties with president Franklin d. Roosevelt a health resort warm Springs was a favorite vacation Retreat for the polio stricken president and was the place where he died in 1945 the former Georgia governor decided against Michigan because it is the Home state of president Ford and a we Felt it would be Good manners to begin the Campaign elsewhere Quot Powell said Carter plans to make two other stops on labor Day perhaps one at the Darlington 500 Auto race in South Carolina and will see Carter on 14a locked and trails closed by barriers at major forests across the country appealed to the Public not to Light picnic fires cigarettes or matches when in the Countryside in London where the famous fountains at Trafalgar Square have been turned off and the City s water Supply is Down to 50 Days there has been no rain Tor 33 Days the four inches that Tell in fhe first six months of the year was just one third of Normal typical of the parched weather that a freakish High pressure system Over Britain and Northwest France has inflicted on the drought Belt those seeking escape in the Holiday resorts of Devon and Cornwall in the Southwest were greeted by this sign saturday a spare your blushes share your the South West water authority said two million Gallons of water a Day could be saved if people did not flush the toilet after each use. In South Wales meanwhile where a million people have their water Cut off for 17 hours every Day water authorities said they May have to restrict supplies to Industry unless the Rains in trip Sunn Jared by Metal pikes and Billy clubs ran to the nearest u n position the two officers died from massive head wounds . Officials said after the bodies were recovered. Three Days later As tensions heightened along the 151-mile-Long Doz another u n. Work party returned and Cut Down the Poplar late saturday North Korea charged that was a grave new military provocation Panmunjom is the Only sector in the Doz where american forces Are stationed serving As the permanent conference site for occasional North South meetings the cramped joint Security zone of about 850 Yards in diameter at times becomes an emotional pressure cooker there have been numerous incidents of fist fights and Oral abuse Between the guards of the two sides one of the ugliest was an attack on maj. William d Henderson who suffered a fractured Larynx after being kicked by North korean guards on june 30. 1975 a . Diplomat said the North korean guards Are believed to be under standing orders to use As much Force As possible to a dominate and intimidate Quot american and see the Korea on 14a . Shows military strength by k Hwang associated press writer Seoul. South Korea apr the United states staged a demonstration of military Power in and around Korea on saturday at the same time As Allied forces felled a tree that was the Center of the dispute in which North koreans killed two american officers. President Ford personally approved a the plan to go in there and Cut the tree Down White House press Secretary Hon Nessen &a\4saturday at Vait. Coto., where Ford is vacationing. With Ford is National Security Agency director Brent a. Scowcroft who is keeping the president abreast of the situation at Travis air Force base in California Flag draped caskets carrying the bodies of the two slain american officers arrived amid a Brief solemn ceremony. As the plane returning their bodies touched Down a 26-Man Honor guard saluted the bodies were taken to the . Army mortuary in Oakland. Calif col. Erroll Loving. Travis information officer said maj. Arthur bonifas. 33. Of Newburgh. N y., would be flown to West Point. N for burial and 1st it Mark t Barrett 25. To his Hometown of Columbia. S Bonifas was promoted posthumously from Captain to major. In the operation an Armada of warplanes and troops was poised near the demilitarized zone during cutting of the 40-foot Poplar at the Neutral truce Village of Panmunjom a . Navy task Force steamed toward Korea Twenty six helicopter gunships of the kind used in the Vietnam War backed by an unspecified number of f4 phantom and fill Jet fighters and three b52 bombers from Guam circled overhead while a a Quick reaction Force of 300 . And South korean soldiers protected the tree cutting Allied military sources said North korean soldiers at the scene limited their response to shooting photographs but their government accused the United states of a grave military provocation a Pyongyang broadcast charged that 300 troops including americans a in full combat entered the demilitarized zone Doz separating North and South Korea and not Only Cut Down the tree but also destroyed North korean guard posts and smashed barriers another 400 Allied troops took combat positions 400 Yards away backed up by five truckloads of soldiers and a helicopter All a creating a terrible War atmosphere Quot the broadcast said the Allied sources declining to be identified denied that the combat Force had entered the Doz but did not say How close it approached the 151-mile-Long Doz was quiet elsewhere but armies on both sides were on the Alert and Washington sources said the 51.000-ton aircraft Carrier Midway and its 75 warplanes four frigates and a guided missile Cruiser were in route from Japan to Korea Pentagon officials have stressed that the military moves including earlier reinforcement of Jet fighter units in South Korea did not foreshadow military retaliation for the killings last wednesday but were aimed at discouraging possible North korean military action the official statement of the United nations or Allied command said merely that a ung work party had felled the tree and Quot got safely out a free for All Between communist and Allied soldiers ending in the two american deaths and injuries on both sides broke out wednesday when the North koreans tried see shows on 14a inside Reading breast feeding method. Page Ioc new evidence on Pussy r. Page 16c Campaign Outlook. Editorials. Women s news. Sports. Television. Entertainment. Pages 17, 18 19b obituaries. Page 3d classified

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