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General Evening Post (Newspaper) - August 3, 1790, London, Middlesex v TOT- venm { L O H D O N. ) Price Four Pence. From TUESDAY, AuoustUJ. to THURSDAY, August . 5, 1790. 8868 WEDNESDAY, Aug. 4. /r�w /A/ LONDON GAZETTE. Whitehall, Aug. 3. q:>^^;-t HE King has been pleafed :) to grant to Lieutenant-T/"( T ) i^'Kv: Colonel Charles Gordon, y^^tD'"--- ^-'"V of his Majefty's 41ft re-^^^ys-^4^.vA gtment of foot, his Royal ul^i 4''-j'^if^!.':i-"i W' i licence and aathority to 1 ^d^W^Jaccept and wear (in his miliary merit, con- C^'^^ilZ-^.k^-'j?' ferred upon him by the King of Pruffia, in teftimony of that Monarch's mod gracious approbation of his fervices during the Duke of Brunfwick's campaign in Holland ; and alfo to order that this his Majefty's concision and declaration be regiilered in his College of Arms. Conftantinople, June 22. Alarming fymptom? of the pkgue have for the laft eight days appeared in different parts oF this refidence, as alfo in the villages fituatcd on the canal; and letters from Smyrna of the 15th inftant advife, that three accidents of the plague had happened there fince the 8:h inltant, fuppofed to have been brought by a boat from the ifland of Ipfara. B A N K R U P T S. Thomas Crudgington, of Abergavenny, Monrfro-jthuYire, (hopkeeper ; to furrender Sept. n, (3, and u, at eleven, at . the White-lion, in Broad ft'eet, in the c;'y of Friftol. At-tornies, Mr. Harry Elderton, Briftol, or Mr. Richard Edmonds, at the Exchequer-office or Pleas, LiacoluVinn, London. William Craft, of Birkiere, Lancafljtre, callico.printer j to furrencer Aug. a6, 27, and Sep'. 14, at eleven, at the New Bull Inn, in Blackburn, Lancashire. Attorney, Mi. Afhburner, in Blackburn. Dividends to be made. Thomas Wilkins,-of Tamworth, Wanrkkflsire, carpenter ar.d joiner j Sept. 6, at ten, at tKe Caftle, in Tamwoth- William Charnley, of Walton in the Dale, Lanca(hire, eotton-manufarlurer j Aug. s6, at eleven, at the New Bull Inn, in Blackburn, in faid county. Final Dividend. John Hodgfon, of Savage-gardens, Tower-hill, London, merchant; Aug. 31, at-ten, at Guildhall. John Hardwick, of Alcefter, Warwick fni re, mercer and dnper; Nov. 8, at ten, at Guild'aiii, London. William Nicoll the elder, oP St. Paul's Church-yajd, London, bockfelcr} Aug. 31, at ten, at Guildhall. Ifaac Jacob Sotoman, of Gun-fquare, Houndfoitch, Lea-Jon, merchant j Aug. 24., at ten, at Guildrnll. [amis Holford, of Manchefte'r, Larcalhire, cotton-manu fairurcr; Sept. 7, at five, at the Bull's-head Inn, Ma.-iheftcr. George Ward and Patrick Thompfon, of Manchefter, LancaUvre, fuftian mmufacihrers and copartners j Sept. 7, tt four, at the Bull's-Head Inn, in Manchtfter. Dividend adjourned. NVil'iam Goodall the younger, now or hte of Wakefield, Yorklhirc, m-rchsnt; Aug. 25, at ten, at the Armitage-Anns, in Cli �n u?.on Cildcr, YorkftVue. Certificates to be granted. Thomas Marshall, of Gofrort, Hants, linen-draper \ on er before Aug. 24. David de 1'enru, of Koun^fiitcb, London, featherman ; on or bifjre Aug. 24. Bankruptcy enlarged. WillUm Borrow Philips, of*Gieat Ruffll-ftfef, Bloornf-buty, Mi�id:cf'*, dealer and chapman ; to furrender Aujj. 21, at ten, at (iuildhall, Lond n 1 ejlerdaj arrived the Mails from Hcilund and Flanders. STOCKHOLM-July 17. Yefterday, at half pad feven, his Majefty's ^AJjutant, Baron Stiernblad, arrived here, with the happy tidings to her Majelty, that the King had gained a c:mpleat victory at Schwenkfund, over the fleet of Ruffian galleys. The adion happened on the 9th of July, being the 28th anniverfary of the Emprefs of Ruilia's acceflion to the Throne. It began at half pad nine in the morning, and was continued twenty-four hours, with the intermifilon of two hours at midnight, when the daiknefs prevented their going on. The King commanded in perfon during the whol� aclion, leconded by Lieutenam-Colonel CronlUdt. The Swedes had two gun-boats blown up> and one Udemia, a targe veffel, funk by a bomb, the crew of which were fortunately fiived. Russian Frigates W Galleys taken, or defrayed, on the gti and loth of July. Maria .Frigate, 38 guns, overfet and lofr.~ Catharina, of the fame force, aground, but can "be repaired-Gonflantine, ditto, ditto, ditto- Alexander, ditto, ditto, ditto-St. Nicola?, ditto, ditto, funk-Peterfburg galley, fhot between wind and water, but may be repaired-Five galleys, one funk, four taken-No. 4 galley, with three 18 pounders, taken-No. 5 galley, one 24 pounder, and two 12 pounders cannon, ftranded-'Two galleys funk-A galley, one 24  pounder, three 11 pounders, afliore, but repairable-No. 8 galley, taken-A galley* three 18 pounders, two 8 pounders, ditto-No 2 galley 4unk-One heraema, taken, repairable-One chebeck, rendered ufelefs-Two galleys taken, one repairable-One brigantine funk-r-Six galliots funk, three taken, and repairable- One tachaike taken-Two floating batteries funk, three 30 pounders each-Two gun-fhallops funk -Four cutters, and two advice fhallops taken. y Mod of them had guns from 12 to 30 pounders, i'and tbe�gugeateft parjt carrying 30 each, of dif-ferent calrores. One hundred and ten officers, with two thoufand men, are made prifoners, amongft whom are the Rqjfian Brigadier Qeni- fow, and the Prince of Naflau's Flag Gtfjnain. Trophies, &c. are bringing in every momefit. Given on board the Amphion, at anchor at Schwenkfund, the 10th of Jul/, 1790. (Signed) O. CRONSTADT. COUNTRY" NEWS. Reading, July 31. A fingular circumftance occurred at Henley-upon-Thames on Sunday laft: Mr. Avery, hair-dreffer, his wife, and 15 children (five boys and ten girls) dined together, and afterwards walked over the bridge in proceflion, two b�- two. It i3 fomething remarkable that thefe were all the children Mr. and Mrs. Avery ever had, and they are all in perfett health. This was the firft time they had met all together. Briflol, July 31. Lafc week a fine field of barley, fown a little before Chriftmas, belonging to Thomas Lewis, Efq. of St. Pierre, in Mon-mouthfhire, was cut down and got in' in great perfection. Friday evening the 23d inft. a pilot-boat, belonging to the port of Swanfea, was loft off the Mumble-head, and the pilot, his fon, and three others were drowned. Among the number was a nephew of Mr. William Jones, merchant, of that place, a piomifing youth of 18 years of age, S H I V � N E W S. Deal, Aug. 2. Wind S.W. blows hard. Came down his Majefty's fhip Triton, and remains with the Adventure and Roebuck men of war, Pomona frigate, Wafp floop, Neptune tender, and Diligence and Swift pilots-. Gravefend, Aug. 2. Paffed by the Centurion, Wright, from Cork ; Four Friends, Morntng-ton, from Boulogne ; Ann, Coward, from Cha-rante; Apollo, Hynfon, from Jamaica; Elizabeth, Finlay, from Bourdeaux; and Lady St. Clair, Williamfon, from Dantzick. LONDON. A letter from Oltend dated the 30th ult. fays, from the prefent appearance of things here, a moll favourable turn feems to have taken place in favour of the people, in confirmation of which the States of Flanders have declared the Government to be in the Tiers Etats. The people have dcmolifhed the grand altar, that was erected in the market-place of Ghent, at which place every one was required to fwear fidelity to the Aristocratic "States, fince which time we hear .of no rriore oaths, which laft week were likely to have bred fome disturbance. General Bender, the Auarian Commander, hr.s addreffed a circular letter to the people of Brabant, giving them the reafons for his afling hitherto on the defenfive, as it was the wifh of hi; Mafter, that no injury fhould happen to the farmers, before they had compleated their corn-harveit; he therefore gives them till the 12th of Auguft, to accept of the former proportions, which he fays the States of Limburg, Luxem-burgh, Clainault, and Flanders, are well dif-pofed to agree to, but if after the above time they perfi/r in their prefent raeafurcs, they mull expect no indulgence." Ordeis are juit given for laying down a new keel in his Majefty's dock-yard at Deptford. The Brunfwick late flip being the largeft, is chofen for this purpofe ; She is intended to mount 98 guns on three decks, and is to be called the Oroonoque, being the firft of that appellation in our navy. There are exactly 160 Members who did not fit in the laft, returned to the new Parliament. On Friday the Duke of Eedfordgave an elegant entertainment to a ("elect party of the Nobility of both fexes; and for the firft time thefe eighteen years, Bedford Houfe refumed its j wonted fplendor and hofpitality. On Friday laft the feftival commenced at Pow-, derham Caftle. In this age of taile and elegance, the noble Lord ftudied to make his entertainment as fplendf#and agreeable as art and nature could, afford. On this occafion, and it being aflize time, all the neighbourhood of Powderham Caftle, in Devonshire, who were in the habits of politenefs, had tickets. The firft day concluded with a grand baUWthe next gave to the Exeter gentry what many of them never faw before,-3 mafquerade; aftd the third a grand concert. Mara was offered 250I. j but thinking that another birth-day would not happen again, fhe afked 500I.--and got nothing. The Speedy packet reached Barbadoes, after a paflage of 28 days, with intelligence of the dif-pute with Spain ; immediately on which Sir John Lafbrey opdered a general prefs of fearaen throughout the Weft-India islands. Curious facl not commonly known.-Prefixed to, irioft of the pictured genealogies io> our old Bibles, two owls are reprefented holding burning torches; by which is to be underftood, that a Mr. Broughton, of Cambridge, had given .the greatefi light in that bafinefs : the arms of his family being two owls. On Sunday night a female fervant of the Marquis of Salisbury put an end to her exjiftence at his Lordfhip's feat at Hatfield, Herts, by cutting her throat from car to ear. M^.'Coke, by the acquifition of Mr. Archer's h^tlnt, near Epping Foreft, has now the largeft fcepe of country of any pack in England, viz. .from the further part of Norfolk through Suffolk, and EiTex, even up to the ftones end of this metropolis:- his hounds are in the firft ftyle, and all the appointments belonging to them equally well arranged The Labour of clearing Lands ove grown with Woor** which it is aflVrted Negro scnl / can perlono, affords anntner Plea for continuing Supplies from Afric.i. To this it tmv be anfwered, in ihe Words of Montelquieu, that " there ji " no Labour fu hard that it canno. bs proportione 1 to the " Strength of the Labourer, provided Reaion, nor Avarice, " be the Rule." 7hi* Labour is doubtl:fs the mere fever-', as the Labourers are no: allowed lo indulge the Hops t�f a Pa--ticipation in the Fruits of their Ioduftry ; a Hope, whic\ The Duke of York finds the neip-hbourhoed of ! f"ppor" and ^ectens the mofr painful t�m. 1, j�Wpb,t!0n- .1. j r_ _j:rr_________ > , . . I as the Preparat on cf Woodl md lor Cultivation is l.ibor ous. Oatlands fo indifferent a country Sbr fox-hunting, that he talks of putting down his pack. The Pycheley hunts open the enfuing campaign very early this feafon ; they take the field in Lei-ceftirjhire about the middle of Auguft, with additional reinforcements of hounds, fubferibers, &c. On Sunday as a gentleman was viewing the flour mill at the victualling office, Deptford, and very imprudently Handing too near the fails as they were turning with great rapidity, he was unfortunately caught, and bruifed io fo dreadful a manner that he expired immediately. MARRIED.] On Thurfday, at Stamford, Mr. James Webb, of Manchefter, merchant, to Mifs Forfter, daughter to Auguftine Foriler, Efq; of Barnhill. DIED] On Sunday night, at Chatham, ;,B'revet-Major Wood, of the Chatham Divilion of Marines. LONDON, July toth, i7So. At a Committee of the SOCIETY injlituted, in 1787, for the Purpofe of effecting the ABOLITION of the SLAVE TRADE,' IT was refolved, that the following Report Ihould be pub'ifli^d for the Information of the Mcnib��s Of this Inft'tution. AT the Commencement of this Society it could not be fcrefem that the Profecutioo of its great Object would require fo much Time and E*pence. It niv be of U.e tofaite a iummary View of the Ground we have pafiVJ, and of that on ^hich we now ftand. The Oppreflisn and Iniquity of this TrifSck have been _ brought before the PubtJck. Eye in various Modes of Proof.iff �-�cetVid fmc; It is in Proof that many of* the Africans are leized by Violence and many made Slaves for trivial Or imaginary Offences; and it appears from Evidence brought to- oppofe us, that a Buyer "of Slaves would be confidered as a Fool if he made any Inquiry refpefting the Right of the Seller. That Africa is capable of fupplving Articles for an honourable and beneficial Commerce, from hir own Produce, his been eftabliihed beytnd Contradiftiun, and the Difregard to the Sufferings of the SUves in the crowded Stowage during the Voyage to the Weft-Indies, has been e jually apparent. Strong Evidence has been produced t> fiir.w chat this inaufpicious Traffick has d-ftroy?d great numoe s of Uruifivfailors. Th; uncommon Wa'e of Life amon;'(l the Sfivcs in the Ifi.mds (which can-r.ot be attributed to uie Influence or a Ci.m'.ie 10 C1mgcni.1l tn their own) has furniffied a (tiong Conviction cf fome im-p ot>er Treatment in the lJ!anra;ions, eiiker by exccfllve La-b?ur or defeOive Noorilhmenr. The Public we believe are c nvi:-csd thar there is f�::e:!iing botn in the lVmcipie and dnluft ef this Trade fundamentally wrong, and our Hopes remain firm that th^ Leg;flatnre will, after a full In^edigjtion, entertain the. lame Cnnv.dlion, and finally abo.iih it. We ft a ted in rur lall Re,.o t, tnat the Committee ot the P ivy Ci had en'.ered into a r.:inute Examination of Evidence v/t c" nceive 1: or ght to be gradual, and A tempts .0 precipitate the Eft"�l by t e iinmoier. te and drftrucYive Lxertioci of Slaves tr^nfaorted frj.n Africa for that Purp fe, is fo ma-i) if .-it a Stretch of trusty, that ihe Plea ne.-ds tnly to be explain d, in i.rder to I e rejifted. The fir! Invaders of Souih-Amerka (e zii on ih; native Indians, and obliged them to work in the Min-;s; b it fuch ?n Example is furely not to be imitat-.'d, hut abhorr.d. Thus afla led !rom dirTerenfO^artrrs, tt has been neceffary to re.-e' Eviifnc: by Evidence, and Aigimmtby Argument. The Advocates to.- the Abolition of the Siave Tride u ged no hafty Dec.fion, nor have they attemptei to avoid the fulleft Inveftigation, convinced that fuch Inveftigarjon will make, the Inhum nity andlnipD'.i \ cf the Traffick ihore evident. The Zeal w'.rch m ny t.entlemen of Eminence and Rank in France h^v; ma ifelled on this Suhjeh c:i, it ishOjjed, the Que:lion will b; Aaally diL.uii"^J aild djtermined. fly Order of the Committe-, GRANV.'LLTj JsHARP, Chairman* N. B. St bfcrip' ar-: rece'ued by Samuel Hoare, Junior*, Efq;the Treafure1, Nl 61, Lombird-ftrrtt; and by Sir Herbert Mackworth, Bare, ^nd Co. Banke.'s, No. 68, New-Bond -fh-ee:. RECEIPTS. iLSalanse reported laft Ye�-, E X P E N C E S. Stationary, CTRnting, and Bo.iks, Colleftir-b' Information and Evidence, Travelling Cmrgrs, Subfittence of Evidence, Ad-vertifing, OificiaJ P�pe-s, and many minute Expence* under this He>d, ScC'Btary, Afiiilanr, and TiinJiy incidental Expences, * Rent, Coali, *ad Caniks 1. s. 84 1067 S it 119 4. s on this Subject. The Houfe of Commons had alfo initi-rued a fimilar Inquiry, which hiving been continued through theKif S'.:iiion, was not concluded when the Parliament was diifolve . It has thus happened that the Dcci/ion of this great CMefHon remains for a reiv Parliament. In the Progrefs of this Bufin;fi a powerful Combination of Inrerell has been excited againft us. The African Trader, the Plan er, and the Wsft-lnd a Merchant, have unitel their F .rces to defend the Fortrefs in which their fuppofed Tiea-fureslie. Vague Calculation', and fa!fe Al ,rms arifing from them, have iKen thrown out to the Public, attempting to fhew that the Conftkution, asd even the Exiftence, of this free and opulent Nation, depend on its depriving the Inhabitants if a foreign Country of thofe Rich's, and that Liberty, which we ourfelves fo highly, andfojuftly, prize. Surely in the Nature of Things, and in the Order of Providence, i: cannot be fo. England exifted as a great Nation long before the African Commerce was known among!! us, and it is not to Adls of Injuftice and Violence that ihe owes her pre-fent Rank in the Scale of Europe. It is not difficult to reply more particularly to thefe feveral ClalTes. To the African Trader we fay, that the natural Produce of Africa will open an honourable, and, in all Pro-'?ability, a lucrative Souice of Trade, which he may follow with a felf-approving Conference. To the Planter we repeat, that his true Intereft muft be to recruit his Stock of Labourers by natural Increafe, rather than by Purchafe j for fuch as are born in the Iflands, and bred up in the Habits of Labour, are, by the unanimous Teftimony of all Partie*, of much fuperior Value to thofe dragged from Africa, whofa  Refentments are ftrong, and whofe Labour is reluttant and unlkilful. To the Weft-Inflian Merckant, and others concerned in Weft-Indian Property, we defire to ftate, that whai has been given in Evidence with refpeft to the Succefs of n any Plantations in fupporting their Number by Birthi, we earmot but believe may with fimilar Attentions be realized in all, except perhaps fome few, the Situation of whish is peculiarly unhealthy. We fee no Caufe to dread defeclive Crops, but even if there ihould be fome temporary Deficieacy, a Compenfaton wiil probably be found in the higher Price of the Commodity. The worft that feems pofiible to happen ig, that the Confumer may pay fomething more for his Rum and Sugar; a Comlderation not furely co be put in Compet/tion with the Injuftice of taking Men by Force from their own Country, and reducing them and their Pofterity to tile Condi. (Ion of Brutes* The Neteffityof procuring Supplies from Africa is alUdged toarife from the extraordinary Mortality ol t',ie NegToes in tf.e Colonies. This Mortality is attributed to Difeafes peculiar to Infancy, Dyfenterjes, and other Difeafes in adult age, and to the'fu.;ipofed Eft'edl of a certain Sfecies of Magic or Witcrjr/rafc failed Obeah, which fome-few of the Negroes are faid to practise on others. But it clearly appears in Evidence, th't the Difeafes of Infant? may, in a great Degree, if not wholly, be prevented, by proper Attention to the Mother and Ghild, and by fuch Regulations as their Situation requires ; and tiat the Difeafes moft frequent amongft the Negroes are fuch as may naturally be expected to arife from Dejeftion of H�artt frjm the Infufficiency cr bad Quality of Food, from Excefs of Labour, and Severity of Piiniihrnent. The Negroes a e not lefs fuper.titious in their own Country, yet there they incrvafe by Birtl s. They arc. ignorant, butenpa-ble of InftruSiort, and the Terrors of Supjrftitinn wif fx n vanifh before*the Beims of Fdvjwkdge, if thsy are placed in :ht Way of rtceivinj cheuii 12S6 1. 10; "1 4 s. d, 7 it' 1177 19 * 6? 3> J5 4  1 t '979] Receipts as above Balance dueto th: Tie3furir 3 2.35 8 13 * 4 94 19 NAVY OFFICE, 24th July, 179a. 'T' HE Piincipal Officers and Comrniifiooers of \ f.iis Majefty's Navy iio bereby give No ice, that oa Tuefday the 10th of A igui* th'y will be ready to treat willi uch Peffof.s asmay be w.liing co fupply his Maje ly's Slop* Office win SHOES, on a landing Contradt, to commence immediately, r>greef-abiy ta a Pattern Sh>e, which, with the Conditions or ths Contract, may be feen at the Slop Oiiice, and to be paid for in Navy Bills, with the Difcount ad.ied. No Tend;* will be received affr Twelve o'Clock ; ror any attended to unlefs the Party atiends, or fome Pe-fm for him. [19 51 To the Nobility, Gentry, Farmers, Horfe-Dialcrs, and the Public in General, Who kfep HORSES, and other CATTLE. BEAN MILLS arc made on an entire new Conftrudion, and will fpht a Bulhel of Beans or Peas in Ten Minutes, by one Perfon : Alfo Mills t> grind Malt, break Barley for Hogs, Poultry, Sue. Likewite Mil's to grind Oats tor Horfes, and all other Seeds or Grain vthat-ever. Th^y take verv, little Room, are worked with great F.afe, an.-l at a very finall Expence. To be had cf the Manufacturer,'J. Stockdale (No. 266), H r'liotn. *�* Ccffe and Pepper Mills, &c. [3018 BULL and MOUTH INN, Bull and Mouth Stre"t. rpHE HOLYHEAD POST-COACH, to X carry Four irifide Pavftngers, tiirough Oxford, Birmingham, and Shrewlbury (avriJing Conway-Ferry), is removed fr m the George and Blue Boar, Holbornj arid feta out from the above Inn every Monday, TimrfJay, and Saturday Afternoon, at Two o'Clockj to fup at Oxford, brtakf-aft at Birmingham, and dine at Sh'ewfbury. Fare to the Head 4I. 4s. to Shrewfbury 4l.;2s. Outlidei Half-Price, C J.Wulan, London} Performed b \ W" Co,>3r� 0xfoid i * ") E. Gotidbj r ere and Co. B;rmingrtam j (. J Smit'r and 'Co. K jlyhc.d. N. B. Salop and Birminghaii Ma I Coach every Evening at Eight q]Chck. ' ("1923 BRITISH LIBRARY, STRAND. BRUCE's TRAVELS. AGreat Number of Copies are purchafed for the V(i of Subfcribcrs to this Libraryj not only thin valuable Work, but every popular Book, of whatever^. is procured-imm-ediately oq its Publication. Gr.tlemen who' are d-rfirous of reading the above-rrer.tio.-rrd Work, and a-e not already Subfcribers te this Library, arc req-jefted to enter thsir Names as foon as pofiible, which wih\er>fure them an immiKriate Pergfal, TERMS of SUBSCRIPTION. For a Guinea a Year, Sttbfcribers are entitled to racing the above and every other Baok of general Rcqusft which may hereafter be publiflled. . A Very vrl jable C-heiHon is kept for t''e Ufe of Q^a rer'y Subfcrhbrrs, by paying 5?. bat tliey are not cn.ititc" to the, reading Bruce*," and fusb .tbtr n:w and f.iuacde Pfo- ;