Page 1 of 25 Oct 1861 Issue of Galesville Transcript in Galesville, Wisconsin

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Galesville Transcript (Newspaper) - October 25, 1861, Galesville, Wisconsin A Jujj s. Ojua a Diter. Job. Iff. To Home improve newts. Terms in Abranch. co., wis., oct. 25.1861. No. 32 stint oar pro be my brother give our i 1 to the a no by each other am of Cocoi or name. Tho Cle i i v ii to Burin i f it old i Sac s Loop Al fill inc Trail or , be us by c us of thew lot. A to inns n quarrel in 10 j a can 0, Anil Inch put 70 in fully la decl. With trip Toiuo m i it us strike our Hunck tog for Ilist Niji Iii Juji o or it tire one until its ended. Jii to he Ord heretofore s o dispute w to mind Flie Ruc Klei civil not climb1 Tho Mast a Mike the the Milord Rourl us rattle while duh in Eussry b fat our f a broiling Sulin to and Tho Irr cling Tiit Erbter like f hoes from t Orish even can i Anil party Vii la the a Perl Flag is near the Good ship Constin it on St Tiki out in Thorh Nuj cleir1 Tili the flip our lims us loaf in i Jonty and might ant these Liui a i oink that Blind a push Hoo horrid Dreo ius it night. A m Tuom Hoh. Tho following to clan Fremont from if Pun of John Vishi for appears in the Boston Traa Aoi pc Home league j Al Yenor for choir in ply was to act a in a i Piv m i the -4 duct taking pm Mil but of common Benso to strike at cause is As consequence. To Tetli thou Cou go has through the a Arrovo curly the mighty Worth. T5o Frem Luul Thikim Tho la l ear form from Tho lice Field Scitt hey to Hoar who Thimi now Muse first Irrett 1 to winds Tinl blow Down from the free North West ruffling the Gulf like Buck Mississippi to Hii Uppin Spingi. Buoh Torfli fulfil prophecy it nil Lack bit the full Tima to us Iii into j. U w. Extract from an address of a. Arnold us a delivered at the Trempealeau county Agri cultural fair. Prom that Point of time when the Fiat went in Tho sweat of thy face thou eat agriculture be a necessity and if a necessity use Ful and if useful entitled to a place among the arts and sciences. In the primitive when the world wan sparsely populated Man depended mostly on but As it became Moro thinly inhabited flocks and herds were rated and finally he resorted to the cultivation of the Oarth. Infancy seems to have been cradled in a tropical Olinc the prolific Oarth with vegetables and fruit mip ulving every want presented to him no incentive for exertion and it we not until the Earth Osame More Cien Styly Joom Nion schools and our seminaries of peopled that the for the Multi learning indicate our and Educa Vati ii of the roil became apparent and j Tion we Ilo the Good Stock the luxuriant vegetable products and the works of Art Here on exhibition at this our third an Nual fair Bear evidence of the Enterprise Energy and intelligence of our citizens three years in a country like this this science received a impetus. Philosophers and Wise men tilled the ground the Farmer was called from Tho plow to giver Ruthc r Tate and for several Ngos agriculture sch in to Nablo an enterprising population bring Tion the of Mankind. I about Nanny the is taking the place of the Hovel the reaper and mowing machine of the Cradle and the threshing machine of the flail Grain gators improved plows and machines Havo been introduced sheep Are now but in Tho course of time the Rise and of Uati oos and the consequent Chan gos in the opinions of men to Ltd posit ii in the estimate in of Mon waa Ndia the Middle Ages agric Auzuro became one of the Baa pm to some extent an improved Brood of cattle and horses Are raised the plump handsome Suffolk and Berkshire Swine Are and the country has an appear Ance of agricultural Thrift. The fruitful ground Tho Conion heritage of the human Vaw mostly in a Vild uncultivated state was vested by the Laws of Feudal to Ivy in a few titled Nita ifs while the Massos of men under the Van of and serfdom with the title of the soil there were i in the past there is ample room for in Only two classes the lord and Iho serf j agriculture is a Progress Tho first wore of Tho Lew while we see there Happy Chan res we should be reminded that i n the were of ____., and to them were committed the control of the other classes Whoso rights were limited and mostly in Pendant on the pleasure of the of the soil. War was the chief vocation and by Means of military prowess alone could a Man Hope to arrive to any great of Honor his Oom Itermo i or Reno in Amonjr the nations of the birth to the Victor belonged the spoils in this Way the landed property Camo into Tia hand of the few and in time by them again sub Hicle among Sach Favoriti s a3 fancy might select. Royal Grant was the order of the Day _ ivc science that Thonvo is a vast Field opened to the Farmer for study and investigation. The should study the qualifies of Tho soil learn of what substances it is what qualities Are wanting necessary to its productiveness. To make agriculture the most profile Hie the Fanner Mast also understand the Best and most improved modes of cultivation to must learn what substances com pose the Grain or vegetable which he proposes to whether these sub stances exist in Correct proportions in the soil and if not make such additions As arc wanting. Then with proper till age and Tho smiles of Providence he will Rea p an abundant Harvest. There is no increase or diminution in nature matter never becomes extinct substances May change in their form and j appearance but somewhere in i nature the i same particles exist. Constant changes Are going of part and a few military chieftains alone of Tei cd the fee while the common Soldier became in time of peace the serf the Tiller of the ground. He passed with the soil and when Tho land had a new Onner Tho Farmer served Mie new lord. From this nuked destination arose the degrading feature of labor. Where constant changes Are going of part Laws customs and opinions like these by the uniting of adjacent panicles As in prevail it is evident that agriculture the formation1" of fossils and Rock while would receive but Little attention and it others Are by increase and growth As in is with pleasure that we contemplate the the growth of animals and vegetables change that has been made i every Branch of agriculture since that period. In those countries where Toms prevail at the present Day this science is cultivated and cherished new and improved farming Ough bred drained highly cultivated Fields have taken Tho place of the rude implements of husbandry the inferior native broods and the neglected and impoverished soil they have their of organic life there Are two distinct classes animal and vegetable one re Cus Eeves food through a digestive Channel and hag the Power of locomotion the other is fixed to Tho Earth and receives food both through its roots and leaves. There Are but few substances that enter into the bodies around us so far As our knowledge extends. For example the minerals Are composed of a few ele a Centary principles. Ricu Tural agricultural Jour a icentary inn Cipie. Air and Are nals and their annual fairs. Every encouragement is Given to the promotion of this at. The pres ent time Many of the Moat Learned men of Tho old countries make this Art their study and Are giving it a foundation which will survive in every age. In Thia country where now Tofin Omant and intelligence diffuse their various forma of the Earth responds to the labors of men by its Bountiful productions of vegetable wealth but a few years since the soil was uncultivated and allowed to undergo the alternate growth and decay of nature. Our own country a Short time since inhabited solely by the red Man now the Eye neat farm houses spacious barns cultivated Fields and flour Ishing villages. Tho Christian Liaa succeeded the. Tea then the Sabbath Aoh ool and fee each composed of two gasses and our of these gasses is common to each still How different Are they from each other both in their use and it is nit the particular Gates or minerals that form Tho compound alone but the proportions and variety of each that May unite. Oxygen Hydrogen Carbon and nitrogen form the volatile portions while Silox ume Potash soda Magne Sia Iron Sulphur and1 phosphorous Tho Mineral parts the Fertility of the soil depends mostly upon these Ait stances and their pres ence in the and atmosphere. Iti impossible for a Man to be a successful Farmer without a preparatory Lourae of education and culture a to succeed in any other business without Irot learning a and understanding it in Stead of being a business. That one May plication of As much Catal Dis and scientific research As any of the or professions to ensure its highest Sno Cess. Even the simplest things in farming such As making rail Fence splitting rails laying Wall or driving oxen will be found difficult without first having a knowledge of How they Are done. A practical knowledge of Overy item of the Farmers occupation is necessary to fit a person for a Farmer an overseer or even a labourer on a farm. In order to insure Success in any tit the important blanches of agriculture this same practical knowledge becomes no Cebary that of a Ivyng t t instance cannot b 3 followed with profit without a knowledge of their habits their wants and the Best method of supplying these wants and indeed the same principle holds True with regard to raising All kinds of Stock from my limited experience in farming i believe that raising Stock will ultimately become in this county the most profit Able part of farming. Grain cannot be raised for a series years without exhausting the soil and it is Only by a proper rotation of Nanu Vitug that present Fertility of of Fields can be Hift Aind. I believe it is More profitable to feed our Corn to Swine than sell it for Ordinary prices. A Good Load of pork will bring one Hundred dollars while a Load of will not bring More than one tenth that sum. From what experience i have had i am enabled to make some estimates of Tho comparative profit Between raising shop and growing wheat and find after calculating All the expenses and trouble including the interest on thu capital invested that the profit of raising sheep is Mora than double that of raising vastly More certain and does not impoverish the soil which Are items of no Small importance. Our county is Well adapted to Tho Pur suit of agriculture. That in the forma Tion of its soil in Tho Rich rolling Prai Ries and its Beautiful Oak openings in us streams of pure and healthful water which meander through its prolific valleys its grand old Bluffs that stand there As monuments of the past beckoning us to in while they reveal to us some of mysteries of by gone Ages in its health Ful climate in adaptation to both pasture and tillage an agricultural court try is presented to the Moro Beautiful and productive than our friends the East Havo any Conception but whip this i True no Ivi to Ivan Hui u a a in air d by u Tiiu i be d not study to prove and not impoverish Tho Rich up l which god hag Givon us. We Havo left our Homes and friends in the East and come Here to better our conditions to come Here from almost every meet friends and equals our interests Are one and at pleasure As simply the of physical strength it involves an this society has been organized for thai advancement of agriculture and con sequent Benefit of Tho Farmer. It been prosperous As could under Tho circumstances since its Iza Tion let us uphold and sustain to to accomplish this a should nuke our to attend the annual Uig i. Lieke for the Elco Tion of

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