Page 1 of 2 Apr 1948 Issue of Evening Journal Farm Edition in Washington, Iowa

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Evening Journal Farm Edition (Newspaper) - April 2, 1948, Washington, Iowa Mai Section evening journal farm edition run Btl int farming vol mkt .&Quot>5 Washington Iowa full hav fax xxi in i a in 11. Fms Section two pages i to 6 n i pm ii i i Boettcher shows soil control Means on farm farm labors Start anew with april month by a Huck Sinith the Good Earth is washing away and Washington Eon it it is no exception. About 65 per cent of this Oun a to is subject to soil erosion. However exact figures As to How much has been lost by erosion has i according District soil blowing dishing sowing Mark Field activities loads for drilling a not been determine to Paul Boettcher technician. During the Peak flood period enough Rich soil is Carnie i past the levee at Vicksburg. Miss every minute to cover a 4 0-acre farm to a depth of seven inches. Hugh ii. Bennett chief if he it. S. Soil conservation service j says that this loss to soil erosion is not Tho Farmers alone. It is the whole nation s less and nor i importantly it is also the world j loss he declares. The increasing j world population is making die loss More of a problem he kids. I tons of soil washed three million tons of Oil is1 washed or blown away annually j in the United states alone of it j were placed in freight cars the cars would Circle the Earth night-1 Eon times at the Equator. The scene at Vicksburg is <1 ii placated Many Many times he a cause of the Universal loss of productive soil through erosion. 1 however at present a great National and International movement toward soil conservation is underway and not a moment too soon. By 194 7 the u. S. Was far ahead of the rest of the world in j leadership of water and soil conservation. Much of the Success of the american program lies in the voluntary soil conservation Dis t riot. The soil conservation districts throughout the c. S. Are organized controlled and entirely operated by the Farmers themselves under state Laws now in effect 5n All forty eight states the Virgin islands and puerto Rico. They Are associations of neighbors who face similar soil problems and help each other solve these problems. 18.000 districts grouped i there have been More than 1 Soo districts organized since 1997 and this number is constantly increasing. Many districts cover two or More counter some Only part of a county. Swing out with Oats reports from various farm communities indicate Early Spring farming has begun in Earnest. One of the first and major tasks of Farmers this Spring is the sowing of Oats. Ralph Wenger of Noble was the first of his Community to Complete his oat sowing this season. Wen-1 Ger finished sewing last week according to Vernon prey of no j Hie the Farmers say Clover Fields 1 were badly damaged by freezing. I among the first to sow j oat it in the Salmi Community i mrs. Verne earlier reports 1 Are Duane Scialla and rat alter who sowed tuesday. I Farmers in the West Chester i Vicinity were at work in the Fields tuesday blowing dishing and harrowing. Mrs. Robert Ferguson of West Chester reports Clon Martin and Howard Wright were at i work in their lipids near West Chester tuesday. 1 de pile vet ground blowing was b ung carried on by George Wright and South of West Chester the tractor and disc was Truing used tuesday by Marion Augustine. Other tamers in tin West Chester area were sowing Oats. Varied farm activities were in Progress in the Bethel Community Ruth Gideon reports. Charles Flecker has limed some of his Fields this Spring. Ray Niffenegger Prana to contour a Lence across the farm. First to get in Oats itt the Bethel Community was Charles Waif arum mrs. It Elf has i Aby Chicks started. Charley Borak. Charley Kolostok Ernest Gideon and Bay wiffen Egger have Hern working up hedge Trees. These old hedge rows used to be fences years ago. In addition to other farm work this Spring. J. J. Rich of Stringtown Community is planning to build a new barn. From mrs. Carl Nelson of Walnut comes word that Luther Crom and Carl Nelson woe the first men in the Walnut Community to sow Leo Dir Washington county is a one a District county. It was organized Kihl and Richard Handley. In 194 4 since its organization. Sturgeon county Extension 205 farms in Washington county Ector and Howard Oaks u. S. I Are using some form of soil con a Trice soil commissioner also meet Serrations practice. However. 197 j with them. Are using Complete soil conserva the commissioners take an action practice. On a National Bas a tire part in the organization and is about 4.300.000 far jus or effecting nearly three fourths of the to a programs. Tai farms in the u. S. Are included in District membership. Carl t. Anderson. Wellman Loo Knotek. Washington and Howard Craft Fordsville a 1 1 the three commissioners Washington District Derson is District tile District is divided into 2� neigh bodied groups. The three commissioners meet once a month with the District soil cons i in staff which include in Addi Boe Teller Grover Rosen of the Carl Aii chair Nan. Lion lion to of the neighbourhood they function in an administrative capacity. Select the farms that Are in dire need of roil conservation practices and make suggestions As to what and How the practices should he carried out. Boettcher and his staff spend a great Deal of time lit the Field making recommendations for the care of erosion and helping the Farmers put the recommendations into practice. How they work the following is an example of Oats last week. Melvin a Chicken or had a far tall delivered to him monday morning and a new milk cooler monday afternoon. Dishing at Sandy Hook by mrs. La. W. Min cant dishing is being carried on in several Fields although some of the Bottom ground wont to ready for quite a while because of Tho recent High water. I not much seeding has been done yet. However the ground will he made ready and a lot of seeding completed within the next few Days if the weather stays favourable. I the Guy Brothers were spreading phosphate on their farm West of Verdi this week. Carl Corpman was one of the first in Plant Oats having seeded about 12 acres last week. D. W. Tucker reports the largest litter of pigs�?18. As he passed a lev of them to sows he say he saved All of them hut the Mother is caring for 12. The tuckers have i no pigs from 11 sows. The Dan Hesseliine have the prize chickens. They Don t know their exact age hut they look about two Pounders from the Road. The past week there has been a Light in the Brooder House. Which Means that another Hock has been started. Turkeys at Way Lam i i by mrs. Ezra air titter i 1 Ivan Yoder local Turkey Raiser. Is the first in this communist to receive Turkey pouts. He has. 000 which Are three weeks old. However other Turkey raisers Are expecting to receive their shipments this weekend. Among the group Are Hester and Levi Roth and the Boshart twins Dennis and Dillon. I and mrs. Clair Bulbar summer Turkey raisers Are Ako successful raisers of poultry during the Winter. They purchased 2000 new Hampshire r is in november and sold them in january at an average weight of 3.3 per Pound. The Boshart s again purchased 2000 reds in january and sold them in March at an Verag weight of two pounds. They were sold Early because the Rosi tarts had to be the Brooder House 1 cleaned and disinfected before the time to get their Turkey Eil by the Herd Hoar a the Brenneman has been do fored j $1,000 for the boar. Baul Tinhof Small Swine Raiser who lives Northwest of Wayland reports that lie has been very successful in raising Swine this Winter. Ile a four sows with forty one pigs 1 saved. A majority of Wayland Farmers believe that the ice that was on the ground during january and february killed off most if not All. Of the Clover Fields in this Section of Tho state. Lester both was one of the first Farmers in the Wayland area to sow Oats. To began sowing on March 2 5. There were Many Farmers who Wernst As Lucky As both because wet Fields handicapped them. However monday March 29 found Many Farmers Ahi to get into their Fields to sow Oats. More sowing at Pilot Burgh by mrs. Frank Stransky most Farmers wore Busy ibis week with Field work. Allison i Maas was sowing Oats and on 1 he i Clayton Bear farm. I min Patter Json was also sowing Oats. Most it of the Farmers in this area use con-1 touring to save Earth washing. Good Success with pigs is j report i by Marion Stransky. During the juts three months a few sows had Large litters. One sow on i in Suransky farm had a liner of to hut not All were saved. Earliest pigs of the year in december and january were reported at the Merit allows ares farm. The How aares Are also owners of a Verv Odd coloured Lamb mostly Wen narrowed from to sows. David Mccartney has around 275 voting pigs from 3. Sows. In a id sold one of the purebred sows j he raises to Melo Lasek. This sow narrowed is pigs and at last re port i 2 were St ill Liing Ai Percy Shuhals there Are 58 lambs which Are mothered by 35 ewes. The Joe Podaril a proud of their flock of 18.� hens which have been Lay ing from i to to 1u0 eggs a Day. One Day they a Here he eggs which would he 87%. Lodar ii sell eggs 10 a la Al hat Cilery. At the Lloyd Edward farm they Are finishing up quite an it ten site remodelling project on he in Homo. They have added a Roomy Kitchen and work room changed the former pantry to a Roomy storage closet and installed a modern hat Broom in another Small stairs loom. The workroom has a place for wraps and a lavatory. The Kitchen cabinets Are of steel Hiki will he arranged in a v shape when installation is Eom Plet a. I a to the farming ground Lloyd with the help of an Mon director has mapped out a Long Range improvement program. I this will include soil control drainage projects rearranging of i Fields and a crop rotation program. Alert farm women a Eye new Kitchen a prop r planning the study of pictures. Of demonstrations is the key to satisfactory remodelling Quot according to Ruth Foster Washington county Extension Home economist. Interest in remodelling has always been it Isth. Miss Foster said. However during the War years actual remodelling was difficult to carry out. With materials More easily available the desire of homemakers t it remodel reached i a new Peak. A at tin pres Foster said. A eth families in the but time Quot miss a re Are about six remodelling in the Rural communities and a West Chester High school reports Karly farm work news arrived class. Black with Large White spots like1 i rom the agriculture Homer brinning was reported Wehr photo John Miller is shown helping Load oat a rat cry to drilling on his farm operated by farm is located four Miles East of men started work on the finished by tuesday night modern equipment. Miller ers who Are drilling Oats and a Lover seed his son William Washington on Highway 92 tin acre oat Field monday noon and the farm is completely mechanized is one of Many Washington county about this time of year. Pre. The. The were wit it a rut Bosh arts had Little trouble in disposing of the reds because broilers Are Iii constant demand a specially in Des Moines and Burlington. Lions Bren Noinin who recently Purchase the farm of Iii Lait Cal Keith and moved there this Winter has been fortunate to till his Spring pig crop. Ten Sny a to towed in february a n 1 sixteen in March having a total it i 207 pigs. Out of this number in was Able to save 202. Bren tie i a it has More sows that Are expected to Farrow in april. He plans to hold a hog Sale in october. All of his pigs Are registered new Hampshire and were sir a Civ it. Not Many Chicks Are being raised thus far. Mrs. Clyde a rile and the Merle allows ares ate the first to get some in this Community. Iii lid at round drove by mrs. John Skubal Spring planting Stock preparation and care. And building Are being carried out and planned in this Community. The first fellow in the Field that we have seen was George Prosser in Haskins who was dishing last thursday March 25. Claude Kilgore was the first in this neighbourhood to sow Oats. He started monday. Another major task is preparing for and taking care of Young Stock. Nearly everyone seems to he having Good Luck with pigs. Lloyd Enke has 17 sows that averaged 7. S pigs each. They Are now past a week old. Earl Shnetman has about 240 Young pigs Jarl of them it weeks old Ami part of them i weeks old. These 240 pigs dishing for Oats last tuesday and Carl barring was doing similar work on thursday. Howard Mangold sowed fifteen acres of Oats on the same Day. Sam Bowser slowed Clover Sod for Corn on March 23, and Bill Jeffrey also turned up Clover Sod the next Day. Clement Ami Baul Griffith have been receiving some Large litters of pigs from i heir Burro sows crossed wit ii Tamworth. The litters have been averaging about l l pigs from seven or eight sows. Sam Bowser came up with a litter of 12 pigs from his purebred do Rocs. Laubach has swung into some solid conservation work. He has employed a Large Bulldozer to build a dam to Stop 1 ground from washing away. Tho dam is about 2 4 feet wide at the base and approximately 12 feet continued on Page 6 local erosion lists strive to Check Boettcher Points to soil loss j How they work. Take die Case of ill. L. Campbell Ainsworth Larmier who purchased his farm in i 1941 and found that it was in need of soil conservation practices. However at that time the Washington District had not yet been organized. Campbell secured the Aid of the old agriculture adjustment administration now the production marketing administration which began Liming his soil in 194 1 As a soil conservation measure. Campbell is a member of Lite Highland Center township neighbourhood group which was organized three years ago. Following Tom of the Wash Bot i Cher i n is tit rehabilitation farms Oil was to soil oils at ion specialist Niak til the farms. The map t be slope and Degre log a. This map step Toxvard of Campbell s have a i. S ser in soil detail soil map it oved the of top soil xxx As the n used As a guide in making Luther recommendations As to land list and proper crop rotation. Quot i his is called soil i Noel Teller Aid. Following til soil specialist. Campbell made Sion on what prot ices wore to b Campbells farm soil on Erx at tor practices during the past sex in years. I have succeeded in no containing Nix annual Corn yield and yet reduced the amount of acreage without Cut a Ting the yield. This allows me to maintain More acreage in Meadows xxi Eli protect the soil Ronij washing Rains thus causing tremendous losses of topsoil by Campbell prefers a mixture of Alfalfa Ami Brome grass which is. Left for two or three years before Corn is again planted in tit to leads. Such a mixture of deep rooted legumes and Sod building grass j rapidly restores the Fertility of i the soil and improves soil Struc-11 Taco in a binds ibis As a general practice in win a Washington county tanners. These methods increase soil Fertility. Structure and contour cultivation. According to Boettcher. Earth Wash Cora insurance available Here up to april 30 Campbell relieves thai the roughage in a farm should he utilized a pasture so that a maximum amount of Fertility is returned to la soil see picture j above. Consequently he has a Large number of sheep grazing 01 his farm. Roughage thus utilized will bring in More Money in a Long run As forage i ban constant raising of Corn on the same soil. Campbell said. A i Foci that the Standard of ii ing is tied in with Tho Fertility of soil it ran Hgt drawn on As Well As a Bank. I think that one of Tho greatest problems faced by the soil conservation service is the Lack of National As Well As local interest in the soil Consort tipi o have just got to he educated along with the Farmer to Tho aeroplane of soil conservation Campbell declared. T olos f a raters in Washington county eau obtain government Cro insurance on their Corn crop do their Corn crop this yeargih0, s year provided the insurance bought before april 30 thing Date. Counties in which insurance on Corn is available Are Buena Vista Floyd Madison. Osceola. Scott Story Washington and Pott Awat t a Mio. Heretofore such insurance has been limited to two counties a if Rena Vista and Marion. Marion is not included this year. Coverage and rates vary no1 Only by counties hut also Between various areas of the counties themselves. And the Protection designed Only to insure farm ors against loss of their crop invest moot. For instance if the i surant for $21 an acre a Farmer could collect unless the value of i dropped below $21 an acre then he would collect onh difference Between $21 by and the crop s actual value. Paul Boettcher Washington county District soil technician Points to an area of land Diat is rapidly loosing its topsoil. With careful terracing and contour blowing soil wastage such As this could easily he avoided. A Fanner raises no crops hence makes no Money when his land is washed away by heavy rainfalls. This Field will no longer he Able to produce its shun because rain has taken away the Best part of tile soil. Tit working Back into the Field making it hard to farm. Gullies not controlled often Cut Back almost to die top of the Hills a of food Gully is that Are these Sheet. Grazing helping maintain soil Fertility land will bring in More Money in expensive fertiliser not to mention needed to maintain the Quality of the soil on the in l. Campbell farm Are i. Campbell believes that this pasture the Long run than raising Corn no Manx hours of hard work. Are there will be no go vent Mem Protection on wheat in Iowa do year. Such policies written in previous years and with the Intel lion of carrying Over into 194s time been cancelled by the Cox eminent. Sale of crop insurance in do government program is super Vised by the state office 01 the production and marketing administration with sales in do counties under direction of the Farmer elected county aaa gun in it tees. The Corn insurance coverse per acre in Washington county is $21 and the average per acre Premium rate is so cents. Premiums on Corn insurance a All payable in Cash will he july 20. Hit if a Farmer pay or before april 30, he gets 3 percent discount dozen or so More a in making plans and getting ideas for re two years ago a questionnaire Down-1 filled in by Rural homemakers indicated their interest in planning step saving kitchens with adequate storage. Miss Foster prepared a series of lessons on Kitchen arrangement which was the beginning of an extensive program. In february of 1947, miss Foster arranged a housing workshop. Specialists from Iowa state College discussed such topics As a financial planning a a water a insulation a a the farmstead a space planning in the farm Home., and this workshop helped farm homemakers and their husbands become More familiar with ways to solve individual problems about 150 farm couples signed up for the two any workshop. With the inspiration of the workshop 2 5 homemakers requested help with individual plans for remodelling their kitchens. On two Iii Ferent Days homemakers brought dimensions and drawings of their present kitchens to work out improvements. Later these plans were checked by a Home management specialist from Iowa state College. A interest in remodelling Homes to include three of the most important conveniences a running xxx Ater electricity and retral heating runs miss Foster said. There Are Many requests for individual help through her Extension office As Well As for bulletin materials. This summer two builders became interested in the Kitchen project in the county. One worked near Ainsworth la. In remodelling their Home. The Schort Nan a based their remodelling plans on ideas Thel revolved from the housing workshop As Well As individual help by the Extension person Ell. The Carpenter upon completion of the Kitchen said it was the most convenient one to had Ever built Many storage and convenience features were included in the Schuermann a Kitchen including a place for each of the Kitchen utensils. The other Carpenter interested in county Kitchen projects wished to build a Model Kitchen so that All homemakers in the county a mild see the convenience features of the space saving cupboards Iii the mean time Washington county was selected to show Quot Interior arrangement of Kitchen cupboards at the state Lair. The to projects were combined. Mrs. A. A Duensing volunteered to work on the project since she us interest d in remodelling her Arm Kitchen. A committee of ural homemakers was reported o work xxx Ith die Carpenter the Lonte management specialist from the Extension service my miss Foster in planning the Kitchen a ont and Cabinet space tor Tho a Emo deling project. During the exhibit s two weeks stay at tin state fair Many homemakers were especially interested in such features As the clapboard table the Roll out flour bin. He double Basin sink and lined drawers for bread amt it Ugar. Lait Quot shelves in the cupboard Al owed smaller items such As cups it a glasses to breached easily. Divided drawers to keep cutlery compartments and pull out a it for pans were tither Lea of the exhibit. A Fielx tires do s or fix following the stat a Wiloh in xxx is St lip Tore for families to great Deal of interest homemakers brought fair the in a local inspect a xxx As shown. Their Hus bands to see the stung features and ire xxx sketches for dour later us t fall Winter and miss Foster said helping women the county project wide tour this wit a during la this Spring Quot we Xiv be u ii ideally a ext a w ill be a Lune. Of 1 standing jets whip in or wite Hei a b. To will by visit. Of the outselling pro t completed homage

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